“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Appalachian Iron Furnaces Historical Markers

Beginning in the 1700s converting iron ore into iron took place at isolated iron works close to ore sources. They were abandoned when raw materials were depleted, leaving their pyramidal stacked-stone furnaces to history.
Bibb Furnace Marker (Center Marker) image, Touch for more information
By Tim & Renda Carr, October 17, 2010
Bibb Furnace Marker (Center Marker)
Alabama (Bibb County), Brierfield — Bibb Furnace
The Bibb County Iron Company under the direction of C. C. Huckabee of Newbern, Alabama, constructed a furnace here and poured the first iron in November 1862. Within a year, the Confederate government purchased the works and completed a second and . . . — Map (db m37090) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Ohatchee — Janney Furnace
The furnace was constructed by Montgomery businessman Alfred A. Janney, reportedly using slaves brought from Tennessee by a "Dr. Smith." The furnace was completed and ready to produce pig iron when, on July 14, 1864, a Union cavalry raiding force of . . . — Map (db m25544) HM
Alabama (Cherokee County), Cedar Bluff — Cornwall Furnace
The Confederate States of America in 1862 commissioned the Noble Brothers of Rome, Georgia to erect a cold blast furnace to produce needed pig iron for the war effort. The skilled labor was detailed from Confederate army personnel. It is . . . — Map (db m83267) HM
Alabama (Cherokee County), Spring Garden — Rock Run Furnace
Put into blast on June 1, 1874, the furnace would change ownership two times prior to being purchased by the Bass Foundry and Machine Co. of Fort Wayne, Indiana in 1880. A rail spur was built from the furnace to Selma, Rome and Dalton Railroad at . . . — Map (db m114842) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Mountain Brook — Wallace S. McElwain / Irondale Furnace Ruins
Wallace S. McElwain (1832-1888)McElwain trained in a gun factory in New York and in a foundry in Ohio before moving to Holly Springs, MS, where he operated Jones, McElwain and Company Iron Foundry. He was well known in the Southeast for his . . . — Map (db m26266) HM
Alabama (Jefferson County), Trussville — Trussville Furnace1889-1919
Operated on this site under the ownership of seven companies to produce foundry pig iron. Supplied pig iron during World War 1. Closed for the last time in the Spring of 1919. Dismantled in 1933, and the land sold in 1935 for a Federal Housing . . . — Map (db m26229) HM
Alabama (Shelby County), Columbiana — Shelby FurnacesErected 1849 and 1863 — ------5 miles ---> —
Major source of pig iron for the Confederacy. Furnished iron to Selma arsenal for heavy cannon, naval armor plate. Furnaces destroyed in 1865 by Wilson’s Cavalry raiders U.S.A. Rebuilt 1873, closed 1923. — Map (db m28523) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), McCalla — Tannehill Furnace And Foundry(1829-1865)
2 ½ miles East - the beginning of Steel Industry in this area. Iron Ore, reduced by charcoal, hauled by oxcart, was made into plows, pots, cannon and munitions. State Park- Camping, Nature Trails, Swimming and Fishing Early American . . . — Map (db m36927) HM
Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), McCalla — Tannehill Furnaces
Tannehill Furnaces began as a small forge in 1830. During the War Between the States (1861-1865) these furnaces were a major supplier of iron and munitions for the Confederacy. When partially destroyed by Union troops on March 31, . . . — Map (db m36926) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Midland — 1226 — Caney Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Caney Furnace Stood five miles south. This stone stack, built 1837-38 by Harrison Connor and Joshua Ewing, Sr., was among first iron furnaces west of the Alleghenies to be equipped with a hot-blast oven, a device to preheat the air blown . . . — Map (db m110123) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 993 — Bourbon Iron Works / Iron Made in Kentucky
Bourbon Iron Works Jacob Myers from Richmond, Va. took up land grants here on Slate Creek, 1782. He built the first iron blast furnace in Ky., 1791. John Cockey Owings and Co. formed to operate furnace. Utensils and tools supplied settlers. . . . — Map (db m110121) HM
Kentucky (Bath County), Salt Lick — 1050 — Clear Creek Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Clear Creek Furnace Built in 1839, 5 miles south, by W. A. Lane and W. S. Allen. Stone stack originally 40 ft. high and 10 1/2 ft. across inside, burning charcoal. Air blast powered by steam. Its iron was used mainly for railway car wheels. . . . — Map (db m110122) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 1023 — Norton Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
NORTON FURNACE. In 1967, the world’s oldest known operating blast furnace. Built by Norton Iron Works Co. in 1873, an iron shell stack 67 ft. high with maximum inner diameter of 18 feet, burning “stone coal.” It produced 10,502 tons . . . — Map (db m128281) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Bellefonte — 1020 — Bellefonte Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Bellefonte Furnace. The most successful of pioneer Kentucky charcoal furnaces in the Hanging Rock Iron Region. Built by Archibald Paull, George Poague and others in 1826. Its stone stack was 34 feet high with a maximum inner diameter of . . . — Map (db m126468) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Princess — 1010 — Buena Vista Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Buena Vista Furnace Built by William Foster and Co. in 1847, 2¼ miles west, named for Mexican War battle that year. It was an important factor in the Hanging Rock iron industry until dismantled in 1876. Its 1874 production was 4113 tons. Stone . . . — Map (db m126266) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Princess — 1135 — Princess Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Princess Furnace. Built here in 1876-77 by Thomas W. Means (1803-90), for 50 years the leading figure in the iron industry of this area, owner of furnaces in Kentucky, Ohio, Virginia, Alabama. This iron-jacketed stack burned “stone . . . — Map (db m126230) HM
Kentucky (Boyd County), Rush — 1131 — Sandy Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Sandy Furnace. Built 1853 by Young, Foster & Co (Dan and John Young, William Foster, Irwin Gilruth), 4 miles west on a 9,000 acre tract. Stone stack originally 32 ft. high, 10½ ft. across inside. In 1854, its last year of operation, . . . — Map (db m126132) HM
Kentucky (Bullitt County), Bardstown Junction — 1162 — Salt River Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Stood one mile west. It was a stone stack 33 ft. high with a maximum inner diameter of 10 ft. Its fuel was charcoal, and its air blast machinery was driven by a steam engine, blowing preheated air through the stack. Built in 1832, perhaps by John H. . . . — Map (db m122030) HM
Kentucky (Calloway County), New Concord — 1373 — Gerard FurnaceIron Made in Kentucky
(Front): Gerard Furnace Built 2¼ miles east in 1854 by Browder, Kentucky and Co. Inside it was 24ft. high and 10½ ft. across at widest point, burning locally made charcoal fuel. Its air blast machinery was powered by steam. In 34 . . . — Map (db m37941) HM
Kentucky (Campbell County), Newport — 1395 — Licking Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Built three blocks east in 1859 by Swift's Iron and Steel Works. As rebuilt in 1869, it was 65 feet high, with a maximum diameter inside of 16 feet. Its annual capacity was 17,000 tons of iron, using Connellsville coke as fuel. Iron mostly converted . . . — Map (db m49114) HM
Kentucky (Carter County), Grayson — 914 — Mount Savage Furnace
Six miles south, site of famous iron furnace, erected, 1848, by R. M. Biggs and others. Operated 37 years, averaging 15 tons pig iron daily which was hauled by ox teams to Ohio River for shipment. Iron produced here was used for rails, plows, . . . — Map (db m144955) HM
Kentucky (Carter County), Grayson — 1148 — Pactolus Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Pactolus Furnace Built in 1824 by Joseph McMurtry and David L. Ward, on the site of an earlier bloomer forge. Its stone stack used charcoal fuel, and its air blast machinery was powered from a dam, 5 1/2 ft. high, in Little Sandy River. Capacity . . . — Map (db m73787) HM
Kentucky (Carter County), Rush — 1018 — Star Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Built in 1848 by A. McCullough and Lampton Brothers. Its stone stack was 36 feet high. 11½ feet across inside at widest point, and burned “stone coal” rather than charcoal. It was served by its own railroad spur. In 1866 it produced . . . — Map (db m144425) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Greenup — 976 — Buffalo Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Buffalo Furnace A major producer of iron in the Hanging Rock Region 1851-75, an important Union Army supplier in Civil War. Built by H. Hollister and Ross. Stone stack originally was 36 ½ feet high, with a steam powered air blast. . . . — Map (db m73782) HM WM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Greenup — 1008 — Steam Furnace / Iron made in Kentucky
Iron made in Kentucky A major producer since 1791, Ky. ranked 3rd in US in 1830s, 11th in 1965. Charcoal timber, native ore, limestone supplied material for numerous furnaces making pig iron, utensils, munitions in the Hanging Rock, Red River, . . . — Map (db m73778) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Hopewell — 1143 — Hopewell Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Hopewell Furnace. In 1824 William Ward built here a bloomery forge, converting it, 1832-33, to a blast furnace, also known as Camp Branch Furnace. Air blast was water-powered. In 1838 this stone stack made 600 tons of ore, and burning 165,000 . . . — Map (db m126324) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Lynn — 1130 — New Hampshire Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Built 6 miles west in 1846 on a tract of 30,000 acres by Samuel Seaton and others. Stone stack is 35 feet high, 10 feet across inside. Charcoal fueled, steam-powered air blast. In 22 weeks of 1854, produced 970 tons of iron, hauled in pigs by . . . — Map (db m144394) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Oldtown — 1019 — Laurel Furnace / Iron Made In Kentucky
Laurel Furnace. Built 4 miles west by George and Samuel Wurts in 1849. The bottom half of the stack, originally 39 feet high, is carved from one block of stone cliff. Maximum inner diameter 10½ feet. It made 2150 tons of iron in 31 weeks . . . — Map (db m126328) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Raceland — 1132 — Caroline Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Caroline Furnace. Stood 1½ mi. south. Built 1833 by Henry, Blake & Co. Stone stack was 35 ft. high, with a maximum inner diameter of 10 ft.; burned charcoal. Air blast powered by steam. In 1838, produced 750 tons of iron, consuming . . . — Map (db m126406) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), Russell — 1142 — Amanda Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Amanda Furnace. A stone stack 35 feet high, 10 feet across inside, built in 1829 by James E. McDowell, John Culver, John H., Edwin P., Robert C., and William L. Poage; later owned by the Paull family, buried on the hillside above. In 196 days . . . — Map (db m126467) HM
Kentucky (Greenup County), South Shore — 1147 — Enterprise Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Enterprise Furnace stood 6 miles south. Built, 1826, by Richard Deering, James McCoy and Jacob Clingman, on the site of a bloomery forge erected in 1824. Its air blast was operated by water power, and it burned charcoal fuel, producing as much . . . — Map (db m144390) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Magnolia — 949 — Site, Aetna Furnace
Built in 1816, first iron furnace in western half of Kentucky. Salt and iron sought by early settlers. Charles Wilkins, Ruggles Whiting, and Jacob Holderman were partners in this furnace until 1826, when Holderman became the sole owner. Property . . . — Map (db m96819) HM
Kentucky (Hart County), Munfordville — 1390 — Henry Clay Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Henry Clay Furnace Built 7¼ miles east in 1832 by Aylette Hartswell Buckner, S.V. Leedom, Cadwallader Churchill. A stone stack about 35 ft. high, 9 ft. across at widest inside, it burned charcoal fuel to produce pig iron and utensils from . . . — Map (db m39942) HM
Kentucky (Livingston County), Grand River — 1368 — Grand River Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Grand Rivers Furnace. Built ½ mile west, 1890-91, by the Grand Rivers Coal, Iron and Railroad Co. Two stacks, each one 60 ft high with a maximum inner diameter of 13½ ft., together could produce 45,000 tons of iron yearly, using coal . . . — Map (db m47239) HM
Kentucky (Lyon County), Kuttawa — 1327 — Suwanee Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Suwanee Furnace Built by 1851, 200 yds. NW, by William Kelly, whose experiments there perfected his invention of the so-called Bessemer method of making steel, for which Kelly was granted the patent. The blast furnace was a brick stack 35 . . . — Map (db m123677) HM
Kentucky (Menifee County), Scranton — 1120 — Beaver Dam Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Erected in 1819 by J. T. Mason. it began operations under Robert Crockett, ironmaster. The furnace was a big truncated pyramid of sandstone blocks, 35 feet high with a 28 foot square base. Some products: nails, “plough . . . — Map (db m146658) HM
Kentucky (Muhlenberg County), Drakesboro — 1086 — Airdrie Furnace Site / Iron Made in Kentucky
Airdrie Furnace Site East 5 miles. Furnace, 55 ft. high, and stone machinery house built by Robert Alexander, 1855. Brought in Scottish workers, unfamiliar with American ores. Never produced any salable iron. Alexander named town of . . . — Map (db m123517) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Furnace
An important iron furnace during the revolution owned by Governor Thomas Johnson and his brothers. Furnished 100 tons of shells used at Yorktown. — Map (db m1530) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Iron FurnaceOriginal Catoctin Furnace
The original Catoctin Furnace, located nearby on Little Hunting Creek, was in blast by 1776 and delivered 958 ten inch bombshells weighing over 31 tons to Washington’s Continental Army in 1780. A great number were used in the siege of Yorktown a . . . — Map (db m61259) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Iron FurnaceNo Time For War
Gettysburg Campaign When Union Gen. John F. Reynolds’ I Corps marched by here on June 29, 1863, en route to Emmitsburg and soon to Gettysburg, his men were progressing “swimmingly.” The workers of the Catoctin Furnace had little time . . . — Map (db m105249) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Fueling the FurnaceCatoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
The charcoal was made. The cutters and wood haulers were done. The air was beginning to clear. Now the colliers had to make sure the teamsters transported the charcoal downhill to the Catoctin Iron Furnace with their mule-drawn wagons. For . . . — Map (db m121161) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — Iron Furnace
Across the Gale River stands New Hampshire's sole surviving blast furnace. It is unusual, as well, in its octagonal shape and its remarkable condition. A huge wooden shed protected the furnace and workers from the weather. The shed filled . . . — Map (db m116364) HM
New Hampshire (Grafton County), Franconia — 009 — Stone Iron Furnace
Due west stands New Hampshire's sole-surviving example of a post-Revolutionary furnace for smelting local iron ore. The industry flourished during first half of 19th century. It produced pig and bar iron for farm tools and cast iron ware, including . . . — Map (db m116365) HM
New Jersey (Passaic County), West Milford — The First Furnace
      The stone foundation before you is all that remains of the original iron furnace at Long Pond Ironworks. Built in 1766 by Peter Hasenclever, it was 25 feet tall and could produce 25 tons of iron a week. During the Revolutionary War, iron . . . — Map (db m65913) HM
New York (Clinton County), Standish — Catalan Forge Furnace - 1881
Catalan Forge Furnace - 1881 Standish (Williamstown) made brick-like blooms from one of Saranac River Mines 1886 - Replaced by blast furnace & ore from Lyon Mt. — Map (db m57311) HM
New York (Clinton County), Town of Plattsburgh — Blast Furnace
Erected in 1809 by Alfred Keith. First on Lake Champlain in northern NY State. Operated by Keith 1809-1822, Jacob Sax 1822 until destroyed by the flood of 1830. — Map (db m108644) HM
New York (Orange County), Tuxedo — Sterling Furnace
This tablet was erected by the Daughters of the Revolution State of New York June 23, 1906 To commemorate the ruins of Sterling Furnace Which was built on this spot in 1751. This furnace is believed to have been the first place in the State of New . . . — Map (db m23288) HM
North Carolina (Stokes County), Danbury — J 98 — Moratock Furnace
Smelting furnace built by Nathaniel Moody in 1843. It supplied iron to Confederacy, 1862 - 1865. Stands 3/10 mi. NE. — Map (db m34121) HM
North Carolina (Stokes County), Danbury — Moratock Iron FurnaceRural Ironworks — Confederate Lifeline —
During the Civil War, the Confederacy relied on small rural ironworks for the metals needed to manufacture cannons, swords, and firearms. The furnace here, owned by the Moratock Mining and Manufacturing Company, was typical of the charcoal blast . . . — Map (db m34156) HM
Ohio (Jackson County), Buckeye Furnace — Buckeye Furnace
Buckeye Furnace was the second charcoal-fueled iron furnace to be built along Raccoon Creek. The furnace, constructed in 1851 by Thomas Price, was financed by Newkirk, Daniels and Company under the name of Buckeye Furnace Company. In its early . . . — Map (db m26430) HM
Ohio (Jackson County), Buckeye Furnace — Hanging Rock Region
Charcoal iron production in Ohio was centered in the Hanging Rock Region, a geographic area extending from Hocking County to the Ohio River and including portions of northern Kentucky. The region encompassed an 1800 square mile area that was rich . . . — Map (db m26428) HM
Ohio (Lawrence County), Ironton — 1-44 — The Hanging Rock Iron Region / The Blast Furnaces of Lawrence County
The Hanging Rock Iron Region To furnish the needs of the early settlers, then to furnish ordnance for a nation at war, and finally to furnish merchant iron to the steel mills, 100 iron producing blast furnaces were built within these 1,800 . . . — Map (db m59371) HM
Ohio (Lawrence County), South Webster — 8-44 — Olive Furnace
Olive Furnace in Lawrence County was one of the 83 blast furnaces in the Hanging Rock iron-making region of southeastern Ohio and northern Kentucky. John Campbell (1808–1891), the “Father of Ironton,” and others established the . . . — Map (db m132563) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Struthers — 9-50 — Hopewell Furnace
The Hopewell Furnace, constructed by Daniel and James Eaton in 1802, began operation in 1803. This blast furnace, the first in Ohio and one of the first west of the Allegheny Mountains, marked the beginning of the iron and steel industry in the . . . — Map (db m79502) HM
Ohio (Mahoning County), Youngstown — 11-50 — Pioneer Pavilion / Mill Creek Furnace
Side A Pioneer Pavilion Pioneer Pavilion, one of the oldest structures in Youngstown, is a rare surviving example of early nineteenth-century industry. James Heaton constructed this sandstone building in 1821 as a mill for carding and . . . — Map (db m79495) HM
Ohio (Vinton County), Zaleski — From Forest to Furnace
Hundreds of men labored cutting timber, working the furnace and driving teams of oxen hauling iron ore to the furnace. To fuel the furnaces, the forests were repeatedly cut, and the wood converted to charcoal. Each furnace required cutting 300 to . . . — Map (db m26506) HM
Ohio (Vinton County), Zaleski — 1-82 — Hope Furnace1854 - 1874
One of 69 charcoal iron furnaces in the famous Hanging Rock Iron Region. Extending more than 100 miles from Logan, Ohio to Mt. Savage, Kentucky this area contained all materials necessary to produce high grade iron. The industry flourished for over . . . — Map (db m24757) HM
Ohio (Vinton County), Zaleski — The Furnace Legacy
Business in the Hanging Rock region blossomed in the 1850s, and the area became Ohio's first chief industrial center. Much of the iron produced here was used to build the nation's growing railroad system. The railroads, in turn, provided . . . — Map (db m26507) HM
Ohio (Vinton County), Zaleski — The Hanging Rock Blast Furnace
The Hanging Rock blast furnaces varied little in their design. They resembled flat-topped pyramids built of sandstone block. The narrow furnace top rose 35-40 feet from the broad base. Inside the sandstone blocks was a lining of bricks made of clay . . . — Map (db m26505) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Clinton Furnace
Pittsburgh’s first successful blast furnace for making pig iron. Operations began near here, 1859, using Connellsville coke as fuel. The furnace’s technology initiated a new era, leading to more advanced furnaces capable of producing huge amounts of . . . — Map (db m15138) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Eliza Furnace
James Laughlin, one of the founders of Jones & Laughlin, constructed the first Eliza Furnace, a stone blast furnace for smelting iron. Built in 1858 before the Civil War, Eliza marked the city's emerging iron and steel industry and was the first . . . — Map (db m100347) HM
Pennsylvania (Allegheny County), Pittsburgh — Shadyside Iron Furnace
Built on lowlands here in 1792. Birth of the iron industry in the Pittsburgh region. It made stove and grate castings. Closed about a year later due to lack of ore and wood. — Map (db m46529) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Fombell — Bassenheim Furnace
One of the first charcoal blast furnaces in western Pennsylvania. It was built by Baron Dettmar Basse in 1814 and out of production in 1824 - it supplied iron for pioneer industries and was one unit of a self-contained community. — Map (db m49416) HM
Pennsylvania (Beaver County), Homewood — The Homewood Iron Furnace
During the term of Thomas Jefferson, the Embargo Act of 1807 was passed ending the importation of iron from England and Europe. Iron furnaces sprang up immediately in western Pennsylvania to supply the needs of the pioneers and cash-in on the high . . . — Map (db m79940) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Boyertown — Colebrookdale Furnace
Established on Iron Stone Creek, one half mile to the east, by James Lewis, Anthony Morris, Thomas Potts, and Thomas Rutter. Called after Colebrookdale Furnace in England, it is considered the first blast furnace to be erected in Pennsylvania, c. . . . — Map (db m84544) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Hereford — Hereford Furnace
Established by Thomas Maybury in 1745 on the west bank of the Perkiomen Creek for the purpose of manufacturing iron. Maybury is credited with producing here in 1767 the first cast-iron cooking-stove in North America. — Map (db m84571) HM
Pennsylvania (Berks County), Robesonia — Robesonia Furnace
Founded 1794 as Reading Furnace by ironmaster George Ege. In 1845 Henry P. Robeson expanded the furnace, spurring establishment in 1855 of the town of Robesonia. Although the furnace itself ceased operation and was razed in 1927, the Georgian-style . . . — Map (db m39289) HM
Pennsylvania (Blair County), Altoona — Alleghany Furnace
Opposite are remains of furnace built in 1811, the second in this section. It was operated until 1884. The stone store building built in 1837 is the oldest in the city of Altoona. — Map (db m52336) HM
Pennsylvania (Bucks County), Durham — Durham Furnace
Built in 1727. Original site at Durham. In blast until 1789, it made cannon and shot in the colonial wars and Revolution. Onetime owners included James Logan and George Taylor. — Map (db m21786) HM
Pennsylvania (Centre County), State College — Centre Furnace
Here Colonels John Patton and Samuel Miles operated the first charcoal iron furnace in the region, 1792-1809. Present stack used 1825-1858. In this era Centre County led in the making of Juniata iron. — Map (db m52431) HM
Pennsylvania (Chester County), Elverson — Anthracite FurnaceA new ironmaking method
In 1853, the Hopewell partners built a hot-blast anthracite furnace here. This new furnace did not burn charcoal but used anthracite coal to smelt iron — an attempt to reduce fuel costs and increase iron production. Hopewell's anthracite . . . — Map (db m23867) HM
Pennsylvania (Clarion County), Callensburg — Buchanan Furnace
A short distance northwest of here is the well-preserved cold blast furnace, named for James Buchanan. It was built in 1844; abandoned, 1858, due to lack of timber. At the time of its operation, the iron industry was very prosperous in Clarion . . . — Map (db m60100) HM
Pennsylvania (Clarion County), Clarion — Helen Furnace
Just west of this point can be seen the well-preserved interior of cold blast furnace built in 1845. It was one of numerous iron furnaces operated in Clarion County from about 1829-1867. The County, then, was often referred to as "The Iron County." — Map (db m59077) HM
Pennsylvania (Clearfield County), Karthaus — Karthaus Furnace
Near here stood the iron furnace erected 1817 by Peter Karthaus. Rebuilt 1836 by Peter Ritner and John Say, it became in 1839 one of the earliest to use coke in place of charcoal. Abandoned at the end of the same year. — Map (db m77502) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Perryopolis — Alliance Furnace
First furnace west of the Alleghenies. Built 1789 on banks of nearby Jacob's Creek, its ruins are still observable. Supplied iron for Wayne's campaign in 1794 against the Indians. — Map (db m41773) HM
Pennsylvania (Fayette County), Smock — America's First Iron Puddling Furnace
In 1817 ironmaster Isaac Meason and Welshman, Thomas Lewis built a puddling furnace and bar rolling mill here using a process from Wales that revolutionized the iron industry. It removed carbon from brittle pig iron creating malleable wrought iron . . . — Map (db m108156) HM
Pennsylvania (Huntingdon County), Pennsylvania Furnace — Pennsylvania Furnace
The remaining buildings here were part of the iron works established about 1810. Operating first as a charcoal iron manufactory, the furnace later used coke. Iron was made here as late as 1888. — Map (db m91028) HM
Tennessee (Claiborne County), Cumberland Gap — Iron Furnace
From the early 1820s to the 1880s, an iron smelting business here took advantage of the rushing waters of Gap Creek. Today only the creek and part of the original 30-foot-high stone tower remain, a small part of an industrial complex of buildings, . . . — Map (db m81372) HM
Tennessee (Decatur County), Decaturville — 4A 7 — Brownsport Furnace
13 miles southeast, this furnace was built, 1848. Iron was mined from nearby hematite deposits and processed here until 1876. The region is also known as “The Coalings”, because of extensive charcoal production here during iron mining . . . — Map (db m63127) HM
Tennessee (Perry County), Linden — Cedar Grove Iron FurnaceShelled by Gunboats
Tennessee’s iron industry was strategically important to both North and South. Numerous furnaces supplied iron to foundries to manufacture munitions as well as armor for ironclad vessels. The fall of Forts Henry and Donelson in February 1862 opened . . . — Map (db m74987) HM
Tennessee (Sevier County), Sevierville — 1C 32 — Sweden Furnace
5 miles northwest, this was first called Short Mountain Furnace, using local orebank ore. Started about 1820 by Robert Shields; William K. Love and brothers operated it about 1830. Micajah C. Rogers bought it and changed its name in 1836. It closed . . . — Map (db m100497) HM
Tennessee (Stewart County), Model — 3C31 — Great Western Furnace
Built in 1854 by Brian, Newell & Co., this steam cold-blast charcoal furnace was built of limestone from the surrounding hills. Brown iron-ore came from shallow deposits about two miles north. Pig-iron was shipped by river or hauled to rolling mills . . . — Map (db m39681) HM
Virginia (Alleghany County), Longdale Furnace — Australia FurnaceAlleghany Iron for the Confederacy
Australia Furnace, located just east of here, produced pig iron for the Tredegar Iron Works—“Ironmaker to the Confederacy”—during the Civil War. Ira and Edwin Jordan had begun constructing Australia Furnace in 1852; two years . . . — Map (db m107981) HM
Virginia (Alleghany County), Longdale Furnace — L-5 — Lucy Selina Furnace
This furnace was built in 1827 by ironmasters John Jordan and John Irvine and was named for their wives. During the Civil War, iron produced here was used in the manufacture of Confederate Munitions. — Map (db m46386) HM
Virginia (Alleghany County), Longdale Furnace — Lucy Selina FurnaceAlleghany Iron for the Confederacy
You are standing near the site of the Lucy Selina Furnace, which supplied the Confederacy with pig iron for the production of cannons, munitions, and rails during the Civil War. In 1827, two Scots-Irishmen, Col. John Jordan and John Irvine, built . . . — Map (db m107982) HM
Virginia (Botetourt County), Cloverdale — A-82 — Cloverdale Furnace
Here was situated Cloverdale Furnace, and early iron industry, developed by Carter Beverly, in 1808. — Map (db m62982) HM
Virginia (Botetourt County), Cloverdale — AK-82 — Cloverdale Furnace
Robert Harvey established an agricultural and industrial complex here about 1790 that processed iron ore. The operation, known as Cloverdale Furnace, expanded in the 19th century under the ownership of John Tayloe III. About 150 enslaved African . . . — Map (db m140513) HM
Virginia (Campbell County), Lynchburg — K-150 — Oxford Furnace
Just south across Little Beaver Creek stand the ruins of the last of three Oxford Iron Works furnaces built in the vicinity. Virginia and Pennsylvania investors began the ironworks nearby between 1768 and 1772 as a small bloomery forge. According to . . . — Map (db m42897) HM
Virginia (Page County), Shenandoah — Catherine FurnaceUnderground Railroad for Union Soldiers
Built in 1846, Catherine Furnace was one of three Page County furnaces in operation during the Civil War. The 30-foot-tall main stack is nearly all that remains of the cold blast furnace and once-huge operation here, when 22,500 acres supplied wood . . . — Map (db m15892) HM
West Virginia (Barbour County), Valley Furnace — Valley Furnace
Iron ore was discovered here, 1835, by John Johnson. The Old Iron Furnace, built, 1848, was operated for six years by C.W. Bryant and Isaac Marsh. In 1850, a steam engine replaced the water power used to run fan air blast. Charcoal was fuel used. . . . — Map (db m33929) HM
West Virginia (Hampshire County), Bloomery — Bloomery Iron Furnace / Bloomery Gap Skirmish
(North Facing Side):Bloomery Iron Furnace The furnace was built, 1833, by Thomas Pastly and later was owned by Lewis Passmor. He placed a Mr. Cornwell in charge who operated it until 1848 when it was sold to S. A. Pancost. He and his . . . — Map (db m11019) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), Weirton — Peter Tarr Furnace
Two miles east is the site of first blast furnace west of the Alleghenies. Built in 1794, it was the forerunner of the steel industry which flourished in this area. Here Peter Tarr cast cannon balls used by Perry on Lake Erie. — Map (db m44138) HM
West Virginia (Hancock County), Weirton — Peter Tarr Furnace
First iron furnace in N.W. Virginia built in 1790's on Campbell land by a man named Grant. Company of Grant & Partner failed CA. 1800. Deeded to Peter Tarr April, 1801, by pioneer James Campbell. Operations resumed by Connell, Tarr & . . . — Map (db m80383) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Iron Furnaces
Thomas Mayberry agreed in 1742 to erect iron furnaces on the property of William Vestal. Here ore was mined and iron produced for the first time west of the Blue Ridge. Washington visited the iron furnaces here in 1760. — Map (db m59576) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Coopers Rock State Forest — Henry Clay Furnace
West, in Coopers Rock State Forest, is the Henry Clay cold blast furnace, built 1834-36 by Leonard Lamb. It had capacity of four tons pig iron per day, and furnished employment for 200 people. Sold to Ellicots in 1837. Operated until 1847. — Map (db m145217) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Coopers Rock State Forest — Henry Clay Iron Furnace
Henry Clay Furnace, located on Quarry Run, was built between 1834 and 1836 by Leonard Laws for Tassey and Bissell. It was a cold-blast furnace and produced 4 tons of pig iron each 24 hours. It was one of several furnaces that were operated in this . . . — Map (db m74511) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Morgantown — Fueling a Community: The Henry Clay Iron Furnace
Can you imagine a bustling community here made up of hundreds of people, all with livelihoods centered around this old stone furnace? The Henry Clay Iron Furnace was the fiery heart fueling this small community, and reminds us of our historic . . . — Map (db m109189) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Albright — Imagining an Iron Furnace in Operation — The River of Promise Trail —
Harrison Hagans opened the Virginia Iron Furnace you see here in 1854. Except during the Civil War, the furnace operated intermittently until 1888. Workers layered limestone, charcoal, and iron ore to forge pig iron that went into steel. A . . . — Map (db m75121) HM
West Virginia (Preston County), Albright — Old Iron Furnace
Built by Harrison Hagans in 1852. This furnace and others were used to cast iron in frontier days. Early castings were made here for the Brandonville stove used by the early settlers west of the Ohio River. — Map (db m75119) HM

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May. 30, 2020