Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) Historical Markers

The first railroad in the Americas and for a time the world's longest railroad.
 
1830 Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, April 1, 2019
1830 Marker
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1830Transportation Walk
Peter Cooper races his steam locomotive Tom Thumb against the horse-drawn B&O Railroad. within a year, the B&O is an all-steam railroad. — Map (db m112742) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), NoMa/Sursum Corda — 1 — All Aboard!Hub, Home, Heart — Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail —
Union Station, across First Street, was the world’s largest railroad terminal when it opened in 1907. Its construction took five years and displaced hundreds of small houses and businesses. Architect Daniel Burnham’s Beaux-Arts masterpiece, with . . . — Map (db m71678) HM
Indiana (Dearborn County), Lawrenceburg — LawrenceburghFirst in New Modes of Transportation — 1802 —
1802 - - Village of Lawrenceburgh founded in the Wilderness by Capt. Samuel C. Vance Commerce and travel are via the Ohio River. Pioneers constructed flatboats to carry goods to New Orleans Markets. The “Kaintucks” . . . — Map (db m22029) HM
Indiana (Knox County), Vincennes — Ellis Mansion
Abner Turner Ellis, a Borough President, Probate Judge, and State Senator, promoted the Charter of Ohio & Miss. R. R. (later a part of B & O) and was its first president. His stately home was built by John Moore about 1838. Abraham Lincoln . . . — Map (db m23286) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Crossroads of America Mural
About this sign The outline drawing above represents the heritage-themed mural to your right. The mural is organized chronologically into sections. Each section is described here, with accompanying historic images.. . . . — Map (db m140048) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandTown Map and Directory
Downtown Cumberland The Flood of March 29, 1924 inflicted almost $5 million worth of destruction in the City of Cumberland. Telephone, telegraph, roads and electric wires were washed away. Though not as bad, another flood occurred on May 12th . . . — Map (db m139111) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland
In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 upon . . . — Map (db m139113) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Gateway Westward — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Will's Creek Settlement, later known as Cumberland, served as a major gateway for trade, military campaigns against the French, and settlement beyond the mountains in our growing nation. "The New Storehouses" of the Ohio Company were across the . . . — Map (db m17783) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland SurrendersBetween the Line — Gettysburg Campaign —
In June 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered Gen. John D. Imboden to protect the army's left flank as it marched north through the Shenandoah Valley. Imboden was to draw Union forces into Hampshire County, West Virginia, and destroy bridges . . . — Map (db m139122) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and TodayChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Independence Day, July 4th, 1828, would be an important day for Cumberland, Maryland. On that day, far to the east, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad both broke ground. The finish line of these companies' race was the . . . — Map (db m67478) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Irish Laborers
This monument was erected in memory of the Irish laborers who died building the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1828 – 1850 — Map (db m140190) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Lonaconing — The Early Years — Lonaconing, Maryland
Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove was born in the Charlestown section of Lonaconing, Md., on March 6, 1900, to John and Emma Catherine (Beeman) Grove. Raised in a coal mining community during times of desperate poverty, young Grove had to abandon his . . . — Map (db m139851) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Baltimore Riot TrailLast Shots at Camden Station — Baltimore – A House Divided —
(Preface): On April 19, 1861, Confederate sympathizers attacked the 6th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment as it changed trains en route to Washington, which the secessionists hoped to isolate. To learn more about the Baltimore Riot, the city’s . . . — Map (db m37538) HM
Maryland, Baltimore — Great Railroad Strike of 1877
The first national strike began July 16, 1877, with Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers in Martinsburg, West Virginia, and Baltimore Maryland. It spread across the nation halting rail traffic and closing factories in reaction to widespread worker . . . — Map (db m63862) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Downtown — Wendel Bollman
Wendel Bollman, one of a handful of men who transformed bridge-building from an art into a science, was born on this site to German parents on January 21, 1814. Largely self-educated, Bollman acquired his engineering knowledge and experience at . . . — Map (db m7038) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Harbor East — President Street StationErected 1842 A.D.
Here on April 19, 1861 at 11 A.M. the Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts Infantry commanded by Colonel Edward F. Jones, detrained on its way to the relief of Washington City. The first nine cars were safely drawn to the Camden Street Station of the . . . — Map (db m60937) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Inner Harbor — WelcomeHeritage Walk
Discover Heritage Walk, a 3.2 mile walking trail through four fascinating centuries. Within a compact area, Heritage Walk connects some 20 historic sites and museums, traversing four city districts of remarkable diversity and significance. The . . . — Map (db m115215) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Jonestown — 1781 Friends Meeting House
The Friends Meeting House is the oldest religious building in Baltimore. In 1781, the Patapsco Friends Meeting, formerly located on Harford Road two miles north of the Inner Harbor, moved to this site. In 1784 a group of Quakers established a school . . . — Map (db m6282) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Midtown — Mount Royal StationIcon for the Industrial Age
A monument to the golden era of rail travel, the Mount Royal Station enjoys a special place in the history of Baltimore and the nation—the home of the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad and birthplace of American railroading. The history of the . . . — Map (db m103424) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Mount Vernon — RevivalEst. 1929 — Mt. Vernon Place —
Hotel Revival stands in the historic district of Mount Vernon, a cultural hub and one of Baltimore's most iconic neighborhoods. Formerly a private mansion, 101 W. Monument St. was the house of John W. Garrett, founder of the B&O Railroad, and . . . — Map (db m131341) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — B&O No. 908"John T. Collinson"
Railroads built office cars for officials directors, stockholders, and other wealthy patrons as early as the 1840s. Used for right-of-way inspection trips and other business travel, these rolling offices provided an observation platform, . . . — Map (db m135963) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — B&O Railroad Museum
The National Railway Historical Society honors the B&O Railroad Museum on the 175th anniversary of beginning construction of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad on July 4, 1828 The museum is commended in its efforts to . . . — Map (db m135945) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — Camp CarrollThe War Came by Train
Located approximately one mile west along the B&O Railroad's right-of-way was the site of Baltimore's largest Civil War training camp. Known variously throughout the War as Camp Carroll and Camp Cheesebrough, it was located on property once owned by . . . — Map (db m135970) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — CSX Corporation
This tablet is placed here in recognition of the enormous contribution made by CSX Corporation to the understanding and preservation of America's Railroad Legacy by its establishment of the B&O Railroad Museum as an independent and . . . — Map (db m135947) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — First Commercial Railroad Right-of-Way in AmericaThe War Came by Train
You are standing on the original right-of-way of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, the nations first commercial railroad to handle both freight and passenger service. This right-of-way stands on land donated to the railroad by James Carroll the owner . . . — Map (db m135965) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — James L. (Jim) Caskey, Jr.(1945-1999)
Jim Caskey, who lived at 523 Scott Street, served his Southwest Baltimore neighbors in many ways. He co-founded and long served as Treasurer of the South Baltimore Federal Credit Union, which for many years was located in this building, 788 . . . — Map (db m103204) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — Main Line Electrification of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) 1895IEEE Milestone in Electrical Engineering and Computing
On 27 June 1895, at the nearby Howard Street Tunnel, the B&O demonstrated the first electrified main line railroad, and commercial operation began four days later. The electrification involved designing, engineering, and constructing electric . . . — Map (db m135948) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — Site of Old Relay Station and HotelBaltimore & Ohio Railroad
Here in 1830, passengers on B&O horse-drawn cars stopped to eat at the Relay House. Meanwhile, the relays of horses were changed for the remainder of the 13 mile journey between Baltimore and Ellicott’s Mills, hence the name Relay. In 1835, a . . . — Map (db m2502) HM
Maryland (Baltimore), Pigtown — Working for the Railroad: Women
Prior to World War I, a small percentage of women worked for railroad companies as maids, car cleaners, and telegraph operators. The B&O hired its first women as car cleaners in 1855. As men left to fight overseas in the world wars however, the . . . — Map (db m135944) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Bringing Trade to Baltimore
"Make easy the way for them and then see what an influx of articles will be poured upon us." - George Washington, 1786 You are standing on the original roadbed of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, North America's first common-carrier . . . — Map (db m8874) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Patapsco Superlative:"The Premiere Flour"
"Any Monday morning one could hear the beginnings of the stir of activity as the heavy machinery in the mill started to move, gather speed and settle into a steady rythmic rumble which was maintained at the same rate day and night until five . . . — Map (db m8871) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Ellicott City — Ellicott’s Mills
Established 1772 by the three Ellicott brothers from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. They opened the road from here to Baltimore. The B. and O. R. R. was completed to this point May 20, 1830. — Map (db m175) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — A Rural Vacation Spot
Beginning in 1873, the picturesque Viaduct Station Hotel complimented the Thomas Viaduct. The Viaduct Hotel was built in the town of Relay as a rural vacation spot and a comfortable place for passangers to change trains. The hotel was a forerunner . . . — Map (db m8833) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — Masterpiece of the Early B&O Railroad
Before you stands the thomas Viaduct, named after Philip E. Thomas, the first president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. This unique bridge has become an enduring symbol of the B&O Railroad and the Patapsco Valley, surviving several floods and . . . — Map (db m8834) HM
Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — The Thomas Viaduct
Front Commenced, July 4th, 1833. Finished, July 4th, 1835. Rear Johnathan Knight, Chief Engineer Caspar W. Wever, Superintendent of Construction. Designed by Benjamin H. Latrobe. . . . — Map (db m127) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Brunswick — The Baltimore & Ohio RailroadThe Railroad... Past and Present — Brunswick —

The railroad arrived in 1834, but its major impact on the town of Berlin (as it was then known) occurred fifty years later when the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad moved its major rail yard operation here from Martinsburg, WV. In 1890, the . . . — Map (db m103428) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Brunswick — Train No. 286 Bell Memorial
(below the window) Preserve the memory of train crew by ringing this bell for Ricky, Jimmy and Jim. (above the window) The bricks which make up the base of the bell memorial came from the B & O roundhouse that once stood in . . . — Map (db m1981) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — B & O Railroad Station"No malice in my heart" — Antietam Campaign —
At this intersection, President Abraham Lincoln spoke from a railroad car platform to Frederick residents assembled in the street on October 4, 1862. He had just returned from viewing the battlefields of South Mountain and Antietam and had called on . . . — Map (db m60166) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Lower Depot Neighborhood / The Frederick Brick Works
(North Facing Side): The Lower Depot Neighborhood The railroad transformed 19th century America, facilitating long-distance travel and the efficient transfer of raw materials to factories and agricultural and manufactured goods to markets. . . . — Map (db m2823) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Battle at Point of Rocks
This [railroad] company was met by the most decided and inveterate opposition, on the part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. Philip E. Thomas, President, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company The proximity of railroad tracks by the . . . — Map (db m7661) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksConfederates Capture Train — Gettysburg Campaign —
In mid-June 1863, with rumors of a pending reinvasion of Maryland by Confederate forces, most Baltimore and Ohio trains stopped running past here. As tension mounted, the New York Times reported that no trains were departing Baltimore, “except . . . — Map (db m743) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksPoint of Rocks During the War
The rail line immediately before you served as an important means of supply and communication during the Civil War (the station, and tracks to Washington, D.C., on the southern or right side of the station were built later). Here at Point of Rocks, . . . — Map (db m744) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Deer Park — Cleveland Cottage
President Grover Cleveland and his bride, the former Frances Folsom, arrived here the day following their White House wedding on June 2, 1886. They spent their honeymoon at this Deer Park Hotel cottage. — Map (db m470) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Deer Park — Deer Park Hotel
Built by the B&O Railroad, opened July 4, 1873 and operated until 1929. Razed 1942. This was one of the most exclusive mountain resorts in the east. Many nationally prominent people, including four United States Presidents, were guests here. — Map (db m5413) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Friendsville — 13 — The Railroad Era and Hotels
The Confluence and Oakland Railroad (C&O) was completed between Confluence, PA and Friendsville. Upon completion, it was leased to the B&O Railroad for 99 years. In Confluence it connected with the B&O Baltimore, Pittsburgh and Chicago Railways. . . . — Map (db m134353) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Mountain Lake Park — You Were Gone Before We Knew ItThe Children’s Monument
No long farewell embraces, No time to say goodbye, You were gone before we knew it. And no matter how we try, Our tears can’t build a stairway, Nor our memories a lane, That reaches up to Heaven, To bring you home again. So with . . . — Map (db m480) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — 1884 Oakland Train Station
Given the architectural design term "Queen Ann Style" by its architect E. Francis Baldwin, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's "1884 Oakland Train Station" is the third building to occupy this location. The first station was a small, square two-story . . . — Map (db m399) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — A Bit of History - The Fireside
The large stone fireplace that now stands like a sentinel along the railroad tracks is a solitary reminder of Oakland's colorful hey-day. In the late 1800’s the area from here to the B&O station was a virtual beehive of activity. With twelve . . . — Map (db m488) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Fort AliceRailroad Bridge Destroyed
On April 26, 1863, during the Confederate occupation of Oakland, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridge here over the Youghiogheny River. They were part of a larger group . . . — Map (db m481) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Garrett Memorial Church(St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church)
Directly behind you, John W. Garrett built Garrett Memorial Church in 1869 as a memorial to his brother Henry S. Garrett who died in 1867. The site was originally chosen by his brother for a church, but he died before steps could be taken to build . . . — Map (db m467) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — OaklandConfederate Railroad Raid
On Sunday, April 26, 1863, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers under Col. A. W. Harman attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad facilities here in Oakland. They were part of Confederate Gen. William E. . . . — Map (db m485) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — The Glades Hotel
Facing the railroad tracks directly in front of you was the Glades Hotel. Deriving its name from the nearby area called “Youghiogheny Glades,” the Glades Hotel was built in the mid-1850’s by Perry Lyle directly across the tracks from the . . . — Map (db m468) HM
Maryland (Garrett County), Swanton — AltamontConfederate Railroad Raid
On April 26, 1863, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill’s partisan rangers attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad facilities here at Altamont. They were part of a larger group that entered Oakland that Sunday as Confederate Gen. . . . — Map (db m37544) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — B&O Railroad StationKeep Supplies Moving
One of the first railroads in the country, constructed in 1830 of wooden rails that carried horse-drawn cars, extended from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills. This station was built the next year, and soon steel rails replaced wooden ones as the . . . — Map (db m29961) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — B&O Railroad StationKeep Supplies Moving
When the Civil War began, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became a vital transportation route for the Federal armies, with men and supplies passing by this station day and night. To protect the line, local businessman Thomas McGowan raised the . . . — Map (db m144727) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Ellicott City Station, 1831The B&O Railroad Museum
The Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad's Ellicott City complex was the heart and soul of a bustling industrial and agricultural community once known as Ellicott’s Mills. The railroad built several structures on or near the site, including Oliver . . . — Map (db m112255) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Road Versus RailsThe Rivalry Begins — The Historic National Road - The Road That Built The Nation —
Ellicott City’s Main Street is the National Pike, part of the road system that moved Americans west. Only two decades after the road was constructed, a new transportation rival appeared. In 1831, America’s first railroad, the Baltimore & Ohio, . . . — Map (db m720) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — The Freight House
Designed by noted architect E. Francis Baldwin and constructed in 1885, the Freight House served as a loading platform and storage room for freight. Materials were transferred in and out of the building on Maryland Avenue using a wooden platform. . . . — Map (db m144728) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Turntable & TrackEllicott City Station
The single set of tracks outside the museum’s fence was the original right-of-way of the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad. Now owned by CSX Transportation, this right-of-way has been in continuous use since 1830. For many years there were two sets of . . . — Map (db m112291) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Turntable & Track
The single set of tracks outside the museum's fence was the original right-of-way for the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad. Now owned by CSX Transportation, this right-of-way has been in continuous use since 1830. A second set of tracks was added in . . . — Map (db m144726) HM
Maryland (Howard County), Savage — Bollman Iron Truss Bridge1869
Spanning the Little Patuxent River is the sole surviving example of the bridging system invented, 1850, by Wendel Bollman, Baltimore engineer. It was the first system, entirely of iron, used by the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and the first in . . . — Map (db m123610) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Georgetown Branch Railroad
The Capital Crescent Trail follows the route of an old railroad line called the Georgetown Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O). It's all that remains of an unrealized attempt by the B&O to construct a major rail link between the . . . — Map (db m83) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad StationBuilt: 1884
The Gaithersburg Railroad Station and freight house were built in 1884 as handsome replacements for the adjacent small frame structure which served as a freight depot when the Metropolitan Branch of the B & O Railroad was extended to Gaithersburg in . . . — Map (db m1039) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — Chestnut/Meem Historic DistrictDesignated November 17, 1997 — By the City of Gaithersburg Historic District Commission —
Martha Meem's 200 Acres, part of the 1793 Zoar Land Grant, was further subdivided as Meem's subdivision in 1896. The district preserves late 19th and 20th century structures, along with the Metropolitan Branch of the B&O Railroad, which drove town . . . — Map (db m101847) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — The Gaithersburg Wye
You are standing on the historic site of The Gaithersburg Wye, situated on 2.25 acres adjacent to the Metropolitan Branch of the old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. This railroad is currently known as the CSX. The Gaithersburg Wye . . . — Map (db m141319) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Garrett Park — Garrett Park Waiting Room
In 1989, this passenger waiting room was taken down from its location in Landover, MD., and brought to this site and re-assembled by the Montgomery County Conservation Corps. On behalf of the citizens of Garrett Park, the Mayor and Town Council . . . — Map (db m219) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Garrett Park — Garrett Park, Md.Incorporated 1898
In 1887, the Metropolitan Investment and Building Company laid out the town, named after Robert W. Garrett, President of the B. & O. Railroad. It was to be primarily residential, a short commuter train ride to Washington, D.C. Now, over one hundred . . . — Map (db m218) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Germantown — Reflections of Old Germantown
This lane of trees once led to the Madeline Waters House, built by Lloyd Dorsey in 1902 (see historic marker on Wisteria Drive north of Maryland Route 118). This house was typical of villa-style homes built on the outskirts of rural railroad towns . . . — Map (db m69348) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Norwood — Woodlawn
  Built by the Thomas Family in the early 1800s,this property, formerly known as Woodlawn, has national significance. In 1816, Samuel and Anna Thomas established a Friends Boarding School here. Francis Scott Key frequently visited his daughters who . . . — Map (db m67596) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Rockville — RockvilleCounty Seat of Montgomery (formerly part of Frederick) County
. . . — Map (db m60) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — A Community GrowsWayne Avenue Landmarks — Silver Heritage Georgia Avenue —
With a burst of new development in 1927, downtown Silver Spring's commercial center -- originally located around the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad station (8100 Georgia Avenue at Sligo Avenue) -- firmly re-established itself three blocks to the north. . . . — Map (db m62161) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — A Downtown is BornLocal Institutions — Silver Heritage Georgia Avenue —
The Establishment of Silver Spring's first bank and Newspaper, traditional institutions required for a community to grow and prosper, occurred on this corner with the opening of the Silver Spring National Bank in 1910 and publication of The Maryland . . . — Map (db m62165) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — Canada Dry Building
Designed in 1946 by New York City architect Walter Monroe Cory, the Canada Dry Bottling Plant is the most architecturally significant Streamline Moderne industrial structure in Montgomery County and a landmark in downtown Silver Spring. The extant . . . — Map (db m75058) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — Silver Spring B & O Railroad Station
One of the most significant reasons for Silver Spring's growth was its location along the Metropolitan Branch of the B&O Railroad. The railroad line stimulated the development of outlying commuter suburbs. It also allowed the County's agriculture . . . — Map (db m75802) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — Springing UpMasonic Temple — Silver Heritage Georgia Avenue —
At three stories, this was Silver Springs tallest building. Occupying the prime corner lot at 8435 Georgia Avenue was the Masonic Temple, home of the Silver Spring Lodge No. 215 A.F. & A.M. of Maryland. (Ancient and Free Accepted Mason). About three . . . — Map (db m62102) HM
Maryland (Montgomery County), Takoma Park — The Metropolitan Branch and Takoma Park
Geology This section of the trail is on the border of two physiographic provinces, the Coastal Plain and the Piedmont Region, display traces of two different times on Earth.

The Coastal Plain stretches south and east from where you are . . . — Map (db m58425) HM

Maryland (Prince George's County), Beltsville — When the Iron was Hot: African America Ironworkers of Muirkirk
The Snowden family owned Patuxent Ironworks until 1847 when Andrew and Elias Ellicott purchased land from the Snowdens and erected the Muirkirk Furnace. The Ellicotts operated the Furnace until 1860 when it was purchased by one of Boston’s leading . . . — Map (db m18796) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Berwyn Heights — Charlton Avenue
Benjamin Charlton (c. 1820-1894) was a prominent member of the Washington, D.C. business and social community. He was director at the Central National Bank and served on the Committee for the Inauguration of President Grover Cleveland. Charlton . . . — Map (db m52049) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Laurel — Laurel Railroad Depot
Built by The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad in 1884, this "American Queen Anne" structure continues in daily use. The architect, Francis H. Baldwin, also designed the rear wing of the State House in Annapolis. The building was placed on the National . . . — Map (db m99) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Laurel — The First Telegram“What Hath God Wrought”
The first telegram “WHAT HATH GOD WROUGHT” was sent from the Capitol in Washington to Baltimore May 24, 1844 over wires laid along the right of way of the B&O Railroad adjacent to this highway. The telegraph was invented . . . — Map (db m92328) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Riverdale Park — From Plantation to Suburb; a Community GrowsTown of Riverdale Park
A key factor in the initial development of Riverdale Park in 1887 was its proximity to Washington, D.C. By the end of the 19th century, transportation between Riverdale Park and Washington was extremely convenient by either the Baltimore . . . — Map (db m984) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Riverdale Park — Riverdale Park
Welcome to the Town of Riverdale Park Formally incorporated in 1920, the Town of Riverdale Park derives its name from historic Riversdale Plantation. Riversdale Mansion still stands today, surrounded by the community that grew up around it. . . . — Map (db m13628) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Riverdale Park — The Town of Riverdale Park
Welcome to the Town of Riverdale Park Formally incorporated in 1920, the town of Riverdale Park derives its name fom historic Riversdale plantation. Riversdale Mansion still stands today, surrounded by the community that grew up around . . . — Map (db m2548) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hagerstown — 1830-1850Western Expansion and Era of Reform
1838 Hagerstown appoints Richard Sheaby and Allen Barber as police constables. Two additional posts are filled in 1842. 1841 The Franklin Railroad begins service between Hagerstown and Harrisburg. The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad . . . — Map (db m146001) HM
Maryland (Washington County), Hancock — Discover the TrailWestern Maryland Rail Trail
1. Big Pool Junction The Big Pool Train Station was constructed in 1892 to make a connection with the B&O Railroad across the river at Cherry Run, WV. The Western Maryland Railroad was in a boom stage of growth with the 18 miles of rail . . . — Map (db m96131) HM
Missouri (St. Louis County), Kirkwood — #50Baltimore & Ohio — 1935 —
Built by General Motors/ General Electric in Erie, Pennsylvania, this 1,800 h.p. locomotive was the first non-articulated, high speed, mainline passenger locomotive on the American railroads. Originally powering the B&O's "Royal Blue" passenger . . . — Map (db m132949) HM
Ohio (Belmont County), Barnesville — B&O Railroad Tunnel
You are standing over a 423 foot man-made sandstone tunnel built by the railroad between 1864 and 1870. Located on the Pittsburgh-Columbus main line, up to 37 trains a day passed under East Main Street during the railroad’s heyday. The station, . . . — Map (db m21012) HM
Ohio (Guernsey County), Cambridge — CambridgeThe Historic National Road in Ohio
Cambridge was platted in 1806 and became Guernsey County seat just four years later. The town flourished with the construction of the National Road, and by 1834 Cambridge was served daily by four stagecoach lines. Manufacturing boomed after the . . . — Map (db m98595) HM
Ohio (Miami County), Troy — 13-55 — Junior Girls Canteen 1943-1946
During World War II, forty of Troy's teenage girls, their mothers, and volunteers operated a free canteen service for troops on the platform of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad station. The group began as a few neighborhood girls providing magazines to . . . — Map (db m19746) HM
Virginia (Alexandria), Historical District — Swann-Daingerfield House1802
A private residence listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. Registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark by the Virginia Board of Historic Resources. Thomas Swann House, 1802-1833. . . . — Map (db m145963) HM
Virginia (Loudoun County), Waterford — Mill to Market
Beginning in the 1730s, Waterford's residents developed productive farms, a series of mills, and a transportation network. By the early 1800s, Thomas Phillips, an enterprising Quaker, farmed the land in front of you. To ensure access to the . . . — Map (db m143137) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Shop Complex
The roundhouse is the sole surviving cast-iron framed roundhouse and is an important example of mid-19th century industrial building design. Designed by Albert Fink, in collaboration with Benjamin H. Latrobe, it represents an early use of . . . — Map (db m1199) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Baltimore and Ohio Roundhouse and Shop Complex
National Civil Engineering Landmark. The re-construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Roundhouse and Shop Complex commenced soon after the end of the American Civil War in 1865. This complex included two roundhouses and two significant . . . — Map (db m17373) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Martinsburg RoundhouseJackson and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad — Antietam Campaign —
In April 1861, as the Civil War erupted, Confederate forces seized the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad from Harpers Ferry west. On May 24, Gen. Joseph E. Johnston ordered Col. Thomas J. (later “Stonewall”) Jackson to destroy the rolling . . . — Map (db m149430) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — Roundhouses and Shops / Railroad Strike of 1877
Roundhouses and Shops. The B&O Railroad reached Martinsburg in 1842, and by 1849, a roundhouse and shops were built. These first buildings were burned by Confederate troops in 1862. The present west roundhouse and the two shops were built . . . — Map (db m1197) HM
West Virginia (Berkeley County), Martinsburg — The Story of Two Bridges: The Colonnade Bridge and the East Burke Street Bridge
Looking Upstream and Northeast at the Colonnade Bridge, Circa 1860 In 1849, the Baltimore and Ohio established its railroad shops in Martinsburg and erected here two most noteworthy roundhouses and workshop buildings. The B&O erected a . . . — Map (db m148872) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Railroad Embankment
The B&O Railroad constructed this embankment in the 1890s, covering a large section of the original armory site and elevating their train tracks above flood levels. — Map (db m143945) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — Riley House1826
Built in 1826 as a private residence, this Federal style house was acquired by the War Department in 1837 and became U.S. Armory dwelling No. 55. Jefferson Davis signed the deed in 1852 when the government sold the house to Armory worker James . . . — Map (db m148859) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — The Iron Horse Wins
Work on the railroad and canal progressed slowly at first, but by 1834 both companies had completed construction to a point opposite Harpers Ferry. The canal had won the race to this point and it continued up the Maryland side of the Potomac. The . . . — Map (db m12062) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Harpers Ferry — The Race to the Ohio
Rail transportation in the United States began in Baltimore, Maryland on July 4, 1828, when Charles Carroll, the only living signer of the Declaration of Independence, laid the cornerstone of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. On the same day . . . — Map (db m12060) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Kearneysville — Kearneysville Area Historic PropertiesWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
Shepherdstown and Smithfield Turnpike Tollhouse/John Fox House Immediately west of Rellim Farm is a mid-19th century log dwelling, and the only known surviving toll house on the old Shepherdstown and Smithfield Turnpike (previously Leetown . . . — Map (db m148880) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Shenandoah Junction — Hockensmith Apple Storage BuildingWest Virginia 9 — Charles Town to Martinsburg —
The Hockensmith Apple Storage Building, constructed circa 1900-1910, is one of the few remaining commercial buildings in the area reflecting the Eastern Panhandle's significant orchard industry. The area's underlying limestone bedrock forms a red . . . — Map (db m132393) HM
West Virginia (Marshall County), Moundsville — Rosby’s Rock
At Rosby’s Rock (5 Mi. E.) Dec. 24, 1852, the B. & O. Railroad joined the Baltimore and Wheeling with the first continuous railroad from the Atlantic to the Ohio, after such engineering feats as building 11 tunnels and 113 bridges. — Map (db m21074) HM
West Virginia (Monongalia County), Morgantown — MorgantownWestover Bridge — Jones-Imboden Raid —
On April 20, 1863, Confederate Gens. William E. “Grumble” Jones and John D. Imboden began a raid from Virginia through present-day West Virginia on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Taking separate routes, they later reported that they . . . — Map (db m117118) HM
West Virginia (Morgan County), Berkeley Springs — "Stonewall" Jackson Hill
From this point, "Stonewall" Jackson shelled Hancock, Md., Jan 5, 1862. After destroying supplies, the B&O Railway track and the bridge over the Great Cacapon, Jackson marched his army of 8,500 men to Romney and captured it, January 14. — Map (db m13158) HM
West Virginia (Morgan County), Berkeley Springs — Panorama OverlookWashington Heritage Trail
Today's View Panorama Overlook marks the north end of Cacapon Mountain's 30-mile march. Composed of Oriskany sandstone, it plunges nearly 1000 feet into the Potomac River which bends along the base of the Overlook as it heads downstream . . . — Map (db m13155) HM
West Virginia (Morgan County), Great Cacapon — Great CacaponWashington Heritage Trail
The tiny hamlet of Great Cacapon is situated on the western side of Cacapon Mountain on the Potomac River just upstream from its juncture with the Cacapon River. Artifacts of a Native American town circa 1300 AD have been found along the Potomac . . . — Map (db m148832) HM
West Virginia (Morgan County), Paw Paw — Paw Paw
Important concentration point of the Union Army from 1861 to 1865. As many as 16,000 Federal troops were encamped here at one time. A blockhouse stood along the tracks of the B&O Railroad at this point. — Map (db m449) HM
West Virginia (Morgan County), Paw Paw — Paw Paw / Paw Paw Tunnel / The FruitWashington Heritage Trail
The Washington Heritage Trail is a 136-mile national scenic byway inspired by the prominent footsteps of George Washington through the three historic counties of West Virginia’s Eastern Panhandle. Compelling history, spectacular scenery, geologic . . . — Map (db m450) HM

109 markers matched your search criteria.
Paid Advertisement
May. 26, 2020