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Historical Markers in Oregon

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Alfred Block and Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 28, 2017
Alfred Block and Marker
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Alfred Block
Mary Alfred was one of Baker City’s pioneer businesswomen. She and here husband, Francis Alfred, came to Baker County in 1870. She had a millinery and mantua (robe) shop in her home. Mr. Alfred drove a stage between Baker City and La Grande. In . . . — Map (db m108053) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Antlers HotelBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
In the early days of the 20th Century, the Antlers Hotel was a bustling three-story hotel which boasted a fine restaurant and bar. The hotel had an elevator. The upper corridors were naturally lighted by “light wells” and skylights. . . . — Map (db m108096) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — BakerHistoric Oregon Trail
In October 1861, a group of prospectors in search of the mythical Blue Bucket Mine, made camp on a creek six miles southwest of here. That evening, Henry Griffin discovered gold in the gulch which bears his name. That started a stampede which . . . — Map (db m108152) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Baker City Chinese History
Chinese were prominent working on railroads & gold mines in Baker County. The Baker City Chinatown was located by Powder River on Auburn Avenue where a Joss House was built in 1883. Chinese gardens on the east bank of Powder River between . . . — Map (db m108158) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Baker City HallBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
Baker City, the “Queen City of the Inland Empire” at the turn of the century, needed a City Hall that reflected the town’s eminence. The city fathers commissioned a bold and stately Renaissance Revival building. The structure is noted . . . — Map (db m108191) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Baker Loan and Trust BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
Prominent local businessman William Pollman contracted to have the Baker Loan and Trust Building built in 1910, after a major fire destroyed another building on the site, along with two buildings to the south. The building was designed by . . . — Map (db m108043) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Basche-Sage Hardware Co. Building
Basche-Sage Hardware Co. was one of Baker City’s largest firms for more than 100 years. The company began when Peter Basche purchased a Baker City tin shop in 1876. In 1888, Basche merged with the Sage and Grace hardware store. Stores were opened in . . . — Map (db m108084) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Bishop Building
The Bishop Building stands as a testament to the strength and durability of volcanic tuff, which was used to construct many of Baker City’s major buildings during the first decade of the 1900s. A fire gutted the building in 1940, but it remained . . . — Map (db m108079) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Chinese Shrine1890
This Chinese prayer house was used to honor the departing spirits by burning incense and prayer papers. The prayer papers were brown paper with some million little pinholes & pushed through the alter window. In traditional Chinese religion the many . . . — Map (db m108159) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — First National Bank BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
When constructed, this building was the third bank building to occupy this site. J.W. Virtue, a pioneer gold mining entrepreneur, built the first bank in 1873. It was the first stone building on Main Street. The building was ruined by a fire in . . . — Map (db m108037) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Flynn BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
The central two-story portion of their building was constructed in 1910. In the 1940s, single-story wings of reinforced concrete were added to both sides of the original structure. In its early years, the building housed the Chas. I. Flynn and . . . — Map (db m108102) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Geiser Grand HotelBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
When Baker City reigned as the “Queen City of the Inland Empire,” the Geiser Grand Hotel was a jewel in her crown. Built in 1889, the hotel soon earned a reputation for offering the finest accommodations between Seattle and Salt Lake . . . — Map (db m108065) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Gerstle-Solomon BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
This building was one of Baker City’s first masonry structures when constructed about 1879. Solomon’s One Price Clothing House originally occupied the first floor of the north half of the building. By the 1990s, footware had been sold in the . . . — Map (db m108211) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Gwilliam Brothers BakeryBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
In October 1940 Gwilliam Brothers Bakery celebrated the business’s new building with a grand opening. Designed for high-volume bakery operations, the brick structure had a delivery truck garage in the rear and a large central oven set on a concrete . . . — Map (db m108161) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Haskell BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
Haskell was one of Baker City’s leading real estate developers of the late 1800s and early 1900s. He also engaged in many other pursuits. He was born in 1850 in Ohio. At age 18, he went to Montana to become a miner. He later mined in Nevada, . . . — Map (db m108064) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — J.C. Penney BuildingHistoric Oregon Trail — Established 1874
The lot which this building occupies was first the location of a wood frame structure housing the McCord Brothers blacksmith shop. In 1867, Dr. J.M. Boyd and John W. Wisdom leased the structure to open Baker City’s first drug store. Wisdom continued . . . — Map (db m108041) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Jett BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
John Jett’s stonemason’s skills are manifest in the inscription carved at the roof level of his building - “J.H. Jett Marble Works, 1901.” The Jett Building was the first in Baker City of volcanic tuff construction. Ten commercial or . . . — Map (db m108206) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Kennedy BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
This site was the location of Baker City’s first brick hotel, the Cosmopolitan. The Rev. P. DeRoo, a Catholic priest who aquired (sic) extensive real estate interests, had the two-story building built in 1875. The hotel also served as the city’s . . . — Map (db m108063) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Log Cabin SaloonBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
Mike Hoff, a “tonsorial artist” (barber) in Baker City in the 1890s, built this building for his business. After a few years, however, Hoff went into partnership with Valentine Bildner to open a saloon in the building. During the . . . — Map (db m108060) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Lynndale BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
The Lynndale Building was constructed about 1890. The northernmost of the three first-floor bays was occupied by a saloon from the building's earliest days. The establishment first was named Henry the Fourth, then The Club. Later it became the . . . — Map (db m108077) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Mann Block
The Mann Block, built in 1890, originally housed one of the many saloons located in this block during Baker City’s early, rowdy years. Like most of the establishments, the saloon operated on the first floor, with a bawdy house and gambling rooms . . . — Map (db m108052) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — McCord House and ShopBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
“McCord’s Corner” contributed much to Baker City history. S. (Syrenus) B. McCord was the first mayor of Baker City. City residents elected him to four terms, and he also served several terms as county treasurer. In 1873, McCord . . . — Map (db m108209) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Miller Apartment BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
This building was the location in the 1920s of the Lew Brothers Tire Co., which later moved to Bridge Street. After the tire company relocated, the building was purchased by Glenn Miller, owner of Miller’s Lunch in the adjacent building to the east. . . . — Map (db m108097) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Miller's Lunch BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
This stucco-over-clay block building was constructed in 1923 as a "temporary" structure after a fire destroyed another building on the site. A block store first occupied the building, then an ice cream parlor. Glenn Miller, a local candy-maker, . . . — Map (db m108162) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Mint-Fox BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
The Mint-Fox Building was constructed as two adjoining structures, the south half in 1888, the north in 1889. The buildings were erected by A.A. Houston, a local builder. Houston first rented the south building to two miners, Lorenzo Durkee and . . . — Map (db m108061) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Old Oregon Trail1843
Dedicated to the memory of the intrepid pioneers who blazed the way over the Old Oregon Trail with the first covered wagons in 1843 and won an empire for the United States. Erected by the American Legion July 4, 1925 — Map (db m108048) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Old Post OfficeHistoric Oregon Trail — Established 1874
The Old Post Office building served as Baker City’s post office for 58 years, from completion of construction in 1910 until 1968, when the Post Office relocated to a new Federal Building a block to the south. The building also housed offices of the . . . — Map (db m108042) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Oregon Trail Memorial1843 - 1943
Map (db m108127) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Rogers HotelBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
Baker City at the beginning of the 20th Century was the hub for a vast area of commerce, including mining, agriculture and forest products. Merchandise flowed into the city for distribution to dozens of smaller communities. Likewise, business . . . — Map (db m108194) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Ruts of the Oregon Trail
Of the 2170 miles of the Oregon Trail, approximately 300 miles of ruts remain. Swales created by thousands of wagon wheels and the trampling of draft animals are deep in some areas, shallow in other places. Much of the trail has disappeared due to . . . — Map (db m108130) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Shoemaker BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
William Shoemaker, a partner in a Baker City wholesale grocery and grain business, built this building in 1906. Before moving to Baker City, Shoemaker had been in business at Rock Creek, a small community in north Baker Valley. He built and operated . . . — Map (db m108103) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Lone Tree of the Oregon Trail
Early Oregon Trail emigrants crested the south flank of Flagstaff Hill and, with the Blue Mountains looming to the west, saw a solitary tree in the valley below. Called l’arbre seul (the lone tree) by French-Canadian fur trappers, this large . . . — Map (db m108122) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Lure of GoldOregon Trail — Oregon History
Beginning in 1843, thousands of Oregon Trail emigrants trekked through this region toward new lives in the West. This epic journey indelibly etched the landscape with wagon ruts, such as those near by. When Henry Griffin, a prospector from . . . — Map (db m108128) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Masonic TempleBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
In 1900, after a fire had destroyed a former wood frame hall, the Baker City Masonic Lodge erected a new brick temple. The lodge hall occupied the second floor. The first floor originally was leased to the E.P. Voruz & Co. Home Furnishing Store . . . — Map (db m108081) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Oregon TrailRoute of Wagon Trains — from 1843 to the 1860's
Wagons and cattle of the Great Migration, led by Marcus Whitman in 1843, descended Sept. 25 into Lone Pine valley. After nearly a month of travel over the hot dry Snake river plains from Fort Hall near Pocatello, Idaho, the cool climate and lush . . . — Map (db m108157) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Smoke ShopBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
This building, constructed in the 1890s, was the location of the Smoke Shop for approximately 50 years. The Smoke Shop was a typical men’s gathering place of the period, offering tobacco, beverages, billiards and card games. The first business . . . — Map (db m108035) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — The Telephone ExchangeBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
Hand-cranked telephones first rang in Baker City in 1889. Not until 1898, however, did a company succeed in establishing 24-hour, central exchange service. When inaugurated, the system had 40 subscribers and one operator on duty. The first . . . — Map (db m108195) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Walker BlockBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
This property, which consists of parts of two adjacent structures built in the 1880s, was the location of many Baker City businesses over the years. One of the first was Basche-Sage Hardware Co., which was to grow into one of the Northwest’s largest . . . — Map (db m108039) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — Weller-Henry Building
A fire that started in a billiard hall destroyed all the structures on this block in 1886. Several property owners chose to rebuild, and four adjoining brick buildings were constructed the following year. This building was constructed for Messrs. . . . — Map (db m108050) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Baker City — YMCA BuildingBaker City Historic District — Established 1874
A committee of civic-minded Baker City residents began meeting in 1911 to organize a fund-raising campaign to build a Young Men’s Christian Association building. The committee soon had secured pledges of more than $30,000. Plans for the . . . — Map (db m108098) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Durkee — DurkeeHistoric Oregon Trail
This spot was famous in early days as Express Ranch an important relay station on the Umatilla-Boise Basin stage and freight route. It was also a favorite camping place for emigrants and teamsters. — Map (db m108121) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Granite — Ah Hee DiggingsA Job of Mythical Proportions
Center Panel: These Chinese Miners Must Have Felt Like Sysyphus Pushing a Large Rock Uphill Forever, as in Greek Mythology. The backbreaking labor of stacking and re-stacking sixteen acres of rocks here at the Ah Hee . . . — Map (db m106776) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Granite — Red Boy Mine
In the early 1880s, the Red Boy Vein was located and claimed by Daniel Pinson, a Cherokee Indian. The claim did not pan enough free gold to work without a mill. His only legacy is the mine's name. In 1886 it became a paying proposition when . . . — Map (db m106767) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Granite — The Fremont Powerhouse Historic DistrictHistory written by nature and people
Natural landforms gave local settlers an opportunity to shape history. As you explore the remains of the gold rush era, consider the partnership of people and nature. A lake the ice forgot When the Ice Age glaciers melted, they left . . . — Map (db m106762) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Haines — "The 1880's Park" in Haines
Here cattlemen loaded herds into boxcars bound for Portland; while cowboys and rustlers haunted saloons. Railhead warehouses of the 1880's were town down in the 1990's and with salvaged materials the park project began. With foresight and . . . — Map (db m111276) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Haines — Baker Valley Rest Area Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Six panels dealing with the Baker Valley portion of the Oregon Trail are found beneath this kiosk) Permanent Settlers In 1861, Henry Griffin, a prospector from California discovered gold eight miles southwest of the present . . . — Map (db m111284) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Haines — Cattle Drives
After the close of the Sioux and Piute Indian wars the ranchers of Wyoming and Montana, discouraged in their attempts to fatten the Texas longhorn, turned to Oregon for their cattle. During the spring cattlemen and their cowboys arrived daily from . . . — Map (db m113516) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Haines — Chandler Cabin
The first cabin known to have been built in Baker Co. in 1861. Moved from it's original site five miles south in 1993. Disassembled and reconstructed to depict the life of the Oregon Trail Pioneers upon settling in the valley. Donated to the . . . — Map (db m111278) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Farewell BendHistoric Oregon Trail
The last camp on the weary journey across the Snake River plains. Here the Oregon Trail left the Snake River and wound overland to the Columbia. Here camped Wilson Price Hunt, December 23, 1811; Capt. Bonneville, January 10, 1834; Nathaniel J. . . . — Map (db m107217) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Farewell Bend Oregon Trail Kiosk
(The Farewell Bend Oregon Trail kiosk houses seven panels which deal with the trials and tribulations on this arid portion of the Oregon Trail.) "Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled the air May 22, . . . — Map (db m107276) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Remnants of the Oregon Trail
From Alkali Springs, called by many pioneers Sulphur Springs, the emigrants traveled on to Birch Creek, which offered much needed water and grass for their livestock. First named "Riviere aux Bouleaux" by French-Canadian fur trappers, here travelers . . . — Map (db m107212) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — The Last Spike
To reach Oregon, Union Pacific Railroad organized the Oregon Short Line Railway Co. in 1881 and built from Wyoming westward across Idaho in the same year. Oregon Railway & Navigation Co. was building eastward from Portland. Tracks of the two . . . — Map (db m107282) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Massacre
In October 1860 the Van Ornum Party, survivors of the Utter Disaster, reached Farewell Bend. Here they again encountered Indians. On September 9 & 10, in Idaho, the Elijah P. Utter wagon train suffered a two-day attack by Indians in which 11 . . . — Map (db m107219) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Wagon Train Massacre
By October 1860 the Van Ornum party reached Farewell Bend. They were survivors of the Elijah P. Utter wagon train that was attacked by Indians on September 9 and 10, just west of Castle Butte in Owyhee County, Idaho. The survivors had escaped the . . . — Map (db m107220) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Huntington — Van Ornum Wagon Train Massacre
By October 1860 the Van Ornum party reached Farewell Bend. They were survivors of the Elijah P. Utter wagon train that was attacked by Indians on September 9 and 10, just west of Castle Butte in Owyhee County, Idaho. The survivors had escaped the . . . — Map (db m107292) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — A Golden HistorySumpter Valley Dredge
Welcome to the historic world of Sumpter Valley Dredge State Heritage Area! Here you will find one of the largest gold dredges in the United States. There are many ways to learn about the dredge and the people who worked it, from tours to . . . — Map (db m106794) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — A Tale of the TailingsNatural Recovery
As you drove here, you probably saw long rows of rocks all over the valley. These are tailings - topsoil , riverbed rock, and bedrock, left behind by 40 years of dredging. Because of the dredges' systematic destruction, the original meadow and . . . — Map (db m111243) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — A Working DredgeThe Ultimate Gold Mining Machine
The dredge is a huge but simple machine for mining an ancient river bed for gold. It is an expensive, powerful improvement on the shovel and rocker box. Miners used to call the dredge a "goose"---and for good reason. The dredge is "fed" at the . . . — Map (db m106890) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — Anchoring the DredgeThe Biggest Spud You Ever Saw
As you look at the tailings in an aerial photograph or along the road, you'll see that they're played out in neat lines. Why are they straight? Because the dredge had an "anchor" to keep it going forward in a line, rather than wandering over the . . . — Map (db m111245) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — Floating in its own pondMoving the dredge
The dredge floated in about nine feet of water- but it could move anywhere it wanted in the valley because it took its pond with it. Hard to imagine, isn't it? It worked because the dredge dug a pond for itself to float in as it moved -- . . . — Map (db m106871) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — Site of Bank of SumpterSumpter, Oregon
Bank was established in 1899 with a capital stock of $10,000.00. The first officers were A.P. Goss, President and A.H. Goss, Cashier. The bank was destroyed by fire on August 13, 1917 and the vault is all that remains. — Map (db m111241) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — Sumpter, Oregon
The bustling boom town of Sumpter stretched from here westward to Powder River at the peak of the mining boom. The mining camp was named for Fort Sumter, South Carolina, by five ex-Confederate soldiers who discovered gold near here in 1862. . . . — Map (db m112914) HM
Oregon (Baker County), Weatherby — Weatherby Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Six panels dealing with the Burnt River portion of the Oregon Trail are found beneath this kiosk) Dear Little Willie Emigration on the Oregon Trail peaked in 1852 with 10,000 would-be Oregonians. Poor sanitation and . . . — Map (db m108110) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — 96th Infantry Division"Deadeyes"
Activated on September 5, 1918 (World War I). Demobilized January 7, 1919. Became Oregon's Reserve Division in 1923. Activated to active duty August 15, 1942 at Camp Adair with orders to be Combat Ready as soon as possible. Trained at Camp Adair, . . . — Map (db m114386) HM WM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Alice E. BiddleFirst Woman Graduate of Oregon State University
The Quest symbolizes Alice E. Biddle, who in 1870 became the first woman to graduate from what is now Oregon State University. It reflects the energy, dedication and strength of all students in the pursuit of learning. — Map (db m113343) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Avery Park Applegate Trail KioskSouthern Route to Oregon
(Seven panels dealing with topics related to the Applegate Trail are found at this kiosk.) Applegate Trail Southern Route to Oregon In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a . . . — Map (db m116846) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Benton County Courthouse
Built in 1888-89, the Benton County Courthouse is the oldest building in Oregon still being used for its original purpose.

The courthouse was designed by Delos D. Neer, a prominent Portland architect, in a style he described as resembling . . . — Map (db m107360) HM

Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Benton County State Bank
The Benton County State Bank building was dedicated on July 25, 1907. The bank, built on the ruins of a burned saloon, was representative of a period of growth and prosperity in Corvallis at the beginning of the 20th century. Corvallis' . . . — Map (db m117442) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Camp Adair
The US War Department ultimately selected 55,000 acres at this location for an infantry training site in 1941. Temporary quarters were constructed, and the site was dedicated as Camp Adair in 1942. Camp Adair was designed to train two divisions at . . . — Map (db m114382) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Capitol of Territorial Oregon1855
Site of the Capitol of Territorial Oregon — Map (db m116735) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — City Hall
The Corvallis City Hall was located on the southeast corner of Fourth and Madison Streets from 1892 to 1956. This grand brick and stone building with the imposing belltower housed the City Council Chambers, and in addition, provided much of the . . . — Map (db m112916) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Early Town DevelopmentThe Corvallis Riverfront
The banks of the Willamette River were the focus of early town development. The town plat for Marysville was files on February on February 25, 1851, by Joseph C. Avery, using a portion of his land claim of 1845. The town included property from the . . . — Map (db m117488) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Ecology of the Agricultural Reach
The Reach The Agricultural Reach of Oak Creek drains the croplands and research farm facilities of OSU. The Department of Animal Science manages these agricultural lands. Pastures are used for seasonal grazing and production of hay and . . . — Map (db m108388) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Elementary SchoolsCentral Park
The Episcopal Diocese of Oregon established the first school in the Central Park area. Dr. William Graham, a local physician, donated four lots on the block bounded by Madison, Monroe, Seventh, and Eighth Streets. He stipulated that the building . . . — Map (db m117365) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — First Congregational Church1918-1932
The First Congregational Church was built here in 1917 to serve a congregation that had outgrown its original 1889 building at Third and Jefferson streets. Designed by architect Roy Dobell, a former instructor at Oregon Agricultural College (OAC, . . . — Map (db m117268) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Home of Fred J. PorterCorvallis City Engineer From 1909 to 1949
Fred J. Porter was the great-grandson of Benton County pioneer, Johnson Mulkey. In the winter of 1845, Mulkey filed a land claim for 640 acres along Oak Creek, on the north side of Baldy Mountain. This was only a few months after Joseph Conant . . . — Map (db m117266) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Kearney Hall
Mechanical Hall This structure was built in 1899 to replace the original Mechanical Hall that burned to the ground on September 27, 1898. That fire threw the school year into chaos, since the building had housed the entire engineering program . . . — Map (db m112864) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Kings Valley Millstone
This is one of the first mill stones or burns to be used in this section of Oregon. This was originally quarried in France and shipped around the horn from New York in 1850 by sailing vessel. In 1852, was transported by oxen team from Portland to . . . — Map (db m116840) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — L.G. Kline Building
The L.G. Kline Building was built in 1889 for Lewis G. Kline after his successful career as a dry goods merchant in Corvallis. Kline, a Polish immigrant, came to Corvallis with his wife, Adaline, a Russian immigrant, in 1864. The Klines and . . . — Map (db m112915) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Madison AvenueA Place For People
In 1973, Dr. Robert MacVicar, president of Oregon State University, and Gene Hansen, president of the Corvallis Chamber of Commerce, discusses the need to develop a stronger connection between the university and downtown, especially for pedestrians. . . . — Map (db m117364) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Oak Creek’s Watershed
A Watershed A watershed is an area of land from which water drains and flows into a river and its tributaries. Small watersheds, such as Oak Creek’s, become part of larger watersheds when their streams converge. Thus, Oak Creek‘s . . . — Map (db m108389) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Oregon State UniversityNational Historic District
On October 27, 1868, the small institution of higher education known as Corvallis College was granted a charter by Oregon's legislative assembly designating it as the state's land grant institution under the provisions of the federal 1862 Morrill . . . — Map (db m108382) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Peavy Hall War Memorial
World War I plaque In Memory of Earl Blackden Owen Johnson R K Wilmot Foresters Who Fell in the World War 1917-1918 World War II plaque In Memory Of O. S. C. Foresters Who Lost Their Lives In World War II . . . — Map (db m113266) WM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — River Transport
The first steamboat to reach Corvallis was the sidewheeler Canemah in October of 1851. With this arrival, Corvallis joined Oregon's steamboat era, with tis stories of risk, profit, rivalries, mergers, heroics, innovation and disasters. . . . — Map (db m117465) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Site of Corvallis Public Schools1889-1946
Central Elementary Corvallis Jr. High Corvallis High School — Map (db m117366) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Site of the Earliest Boat LandingLower Town, Marysville, 1851
Site of the earliest boat landing Lower Town, Marysville, 1851 Presented to City of Corvallis, Oregon Centennial Celebration, June 1957 by the Winema Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m107333) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Sustainable Farm Management
Agricultural Users This portion of the Oak Creek watershed is managed as a working agricultural laboratory. Agricultural users include the OSU Dairy Center, beef and sheep production barns, and the Veterinary Medicine Research Farm . . . — Map (db m108387) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Corvallis Arts Center
The Corvallis Arts Center building began its life as an Episcopal church, constructed in in 1889 just a block south of here. It was one of the products of the influential English emigrants who arrived in Benton County in the late 1800s under the . . . — Map (db m117279) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Corvallis Ferry
Ferry service across the Willamette River was established by William F. Dixon, co-founder of Corvallis, in 1848. The service continued for 65 years until the opening of the Van Buren Street Bridge in 1913. In the 1860s, the ferry was operated . . . — Map (db m117447) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Incubator House & Poultry Building
The Incubator House and Poultry Building stood at 26th and Jefferson on the OAC (Oregon Agricultural College, now OSU) campus until 1927, where they formed the headquarters of the Department of Poultry Husbandry. The Incubator House was the . . . — Map (db m117612) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Opera House
The Opera House was built on this site in 1870. It was a wooden building with a porch and covered entrance which faced on Fourth Street. The residents of Corvallis raised the money by subscription and donated their labor to build it. Inside there . . . — Map (db m112917) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Timberwolves
The 104th Infantry Division was activated on 15 September 1942, at Camp Adair and was named "The Timberwolves." After 18 months of training at Camp Adair and maneuvers in Eastern Oregon and the California-Arizona desert, they moved to Camp Carson, . . . — Map (db m114384) HM WM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Trailblazers
The 70th Infantry Division was activated on 15 June 1943 as "Oregon's Own" and was named "The Trailblazers" in honor of the Oregon Trail Centennial. After a year of training here at Camp Adair the Division moved to Ft. Leonard Wood, Missouri for . . . — Map (db m114383) HM WM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Van Buren Street Bridge
The Van Buren Street Bridge is Oregon's only remaining example of a movable bridge built using the rare pin-connected truss technology. The use of pins, or bolts, connecting each truss point allowed the bridge to be easily assembled on site after . . . — Map (db m117491) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Whiteside Theatre
The Whiteside Theatre opened on November 9, 1922. That evening, the audience enjoyed the silent picture “The Old Homestead,” accompanied by Lilian McElroy on a $20,000 two manual, double touch Wurlitzer organ. That organ was the largest, . . . — Map (db m117434) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Wild West DivisionPowder River! Let'er Buck!
The 91st Infantry Division was originally activated 5 September 1917 at Camp Lewis, Washington and designated the "Wild West Division." The battle cry "Powder River! Let'er Buck!" was adopted in 1918. During World War I the division fought in the . . . — Map (db m114385) HM WM
Oregon (Benton County), Monroe — Applegate Trail
In June 1846 Jesse Applegate, Levi Smith and 11 other men left their homes near Dallas Oregon to develop a southern route from Fort Hall (Idaho) to the Willamette Valley. Their route passed through the gap west of Pigeon Butte, then proceeded . . . — Map (db m119068) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Monroe — Ebenezer SchoolhouseUnited Methodist Historic Site
On this knoll stood Ebenezer School- house, built in 1850. The first school in the historic Belknap settlement, it was also used for Methodist Sunday school and class meetings. In 1854, the second Methodist Conference on the West . . . — Map (db m119276) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Monroe — The Applegate TrailSouthern Route to Oregon
(Two interpretive displays are located here next to the South Benton Community Museum): (First Display) In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and . . . — Map (db m116837) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Monroe — 323 — The Belknap SettlementUnited Methodist Historic Site
United Methodist Historic Site No. 323 In Memory of the Pioneers of The Belknap Settlement Who Served God Faithfully In An Untamed Land — Map (db m122508) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Monroe — Wilhelm Mill Water WheelHistorical Site
This variable pitch water wheel was installed in the Long Tom River in 1906 to power the grain & flour machinery at the Adam Wilhelm Flour Mill. It also powered an electric generator that was later installed to provide electricity to the mill & the . . . — Map (db m119283) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Philomath — 385 — Historic Philomath College Building
Philomath college was chartered November 1865, as the United Brethren School for Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana and California.  The name combines two Greek words meaning love of learning.  The building’s center structure was completed in . . . — Map (db m122509) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Philomath — Mt. Union Cemetery
On May 11, 1861 Reuben and Mary Jane Holmes Shipley, former negro slaves, deeded from their farm purchased from Charles Bales’ donation land claim, the original plot for this cemetery. Buried in Lot 10 are Reuben Shipley, Mary Jane Shipley . . . — Map (db m118083) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Estacada — Harold E. Babcock
In remembrance of Harold E. Babcock Eagle Scout, WW II Veteran, Educator, and Master Mason Mr. Babcock kept the flags in Estacada flying for 20 years! — Map (db m8745) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — "Disparite Bad Beyond Discription"Hardships of the Trail
This mountain pass in named for Samuel K. Barlow who opened the first wagon route over the Cascades in 1846 to complete the Oregon Trail. The route was far from easy. Emigrant Isom Cranfill (cabinet maker, farmer, and itinerant preacher) made the . . . — Map (db m112383) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — "Sumate Prairie"from an emigrant's journal original spelling
Imagine feeding your hungry children and skinny ox teams whottleberries here. Helping you spouse repair your tired wagon for tomorrow's dreaded drop down Laurel Hill. Rain clouds gather around Mount Hood's peak. More storms coming. And they say the . . . — Map (db m112373) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — A Final RestFor One Pioneer Woman, the Oregon Trail Ended Here
In 1924 engineers constructing the first Mt. Hood Highway discovered a gravesite here. The grave was marked with an old wooden wagon tongue buried beneath decades of overgrown brush. When they dug up the site, they found the remains of an emigrant . . . — Map (db m113603) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — Barlow Road
First Road built over Cascade Range in 1845-1846 by Samuel K. Barlow (1792-1867) an Oregon Pioneer from Kentucky Wamic -- Miles 32 Dalles California Highway -- Miles 38 Maupin -- Miles 48 — Map (db m112396) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — Government Camp
Village of Government Camp formerly a camp on the old Barlow Road, the village was named in 1849 when US Cavalry troops were forced to abandon wagons and supplies here. — Map (db m112337) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — Government Camp
Village of Government Camp Formerly a camp on the old Barlow Road was named in the fall of 1849 when the first United States Mounted Rifles abandoned a large number of wagons here, while a detachment was traveling from The Dalles to . . . — Map (db m112338) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — Samuel Kimbrough BarlowSusannah Lee Barlow
There are two plaques mounted on a boulder. Samuel Kimbrough Barlow Oregon Pioneer from Kentucky Built the first wagon road across Cascade Mountains passing this spot 1845 - 1846 The building of railways . . . — Map (db m112339) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Government Camp — Timberline LodgeMt. Hood National Forest
dedicated September 28, 1937 by Franklin D. Roosevelt President of the United States as a monument to the skill and faithful performance of workers on the rolls of the Works Progress Administration — Map (db m112336) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — George Rogers House - 1929
George M. Rogers purchased this lot in 1918 and lived in its existing small house until 1929, when he engaged Van Evera Bailey, a noted Portland architect, to design this unique Arts and Crafts/Mediterranean style residence. Exterior is . . . — Map (db m119859) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Green Street
Henry Dodge Green and his brother John Green came to Oregon from New York in 1852. In partnership with H. C. Leonard, the Green brothers procured the gas and water franchises for the City of Portland. The cost of shipping cast-iron gas and water . . . — Map (db m116109) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Iron Company Worker's Cottage
This cottage is the last survivor of cottages built for workers in Oswego's iron industry. It was probably built in the late 1870s or early 1880s by Albert Clinefelter or Lucien Davidson, local carpenters who constructed many buildings for the . . . — Map (db m120039) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Lakewood School - 1928
On this site in 1893, Oswego's first public school was built and served the children of the town until it was outgrown, and replaced in 1928 by this handsome Colonial Revival style structure. Originally called Oswego Grammar School, it was renamed . . . — Map (db m116105) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Lower Oswego Creek Bridge
"Charcoal haulers would cross the covered bridge and follow the trail along the river...." Mary Goodall, Oregon's Iron Dream, (1958, p. 76)

At least four bridges have been built at the mouth of Oswego Creek and adjacent to Oswego . . . — Map (db m116051) HM

Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Murphy Real Estate Building - 1940
This Arts and Crafts style building was constructed in 1940 as the Murphy Real Estate office. It is one of a cluster of buildings on State Street designed by the prominent local architect, Richard Sundeleaf. The half-timbered architecture was . . . — Map (db m116518) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Old Town
Albert Alonzo Durham filed the first donation land claim here in 1850, naming the place Oswego after his New York home town. In 1864 John Corse Trullinger bought Durham's sawmill on Sucker Creek, and in 1866 this 87-acre portion of land, Trullinger . . . — Map (db m117168) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Oswego Landing
In the early 19th century, the river landing at the mouth of Oswego Creek was a convenient camping place for explorers, fur traders, and pioneers. In the words of one old timer, it was "a stopping place, a sort of a relay station for boats both . . . — Map (db m121328) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Salamander
This mass of solidified iron from the hearth of the Oswego furnace is known as a 'Salamander'. It is named after a mythological amphibian that lived in fire. Salamanders often formed in the bottom of 19th Century iron furnaces and were removed, with . . . — Map (db m116143) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — The Durham Mill
On this site Oswego's first industry, a saw mill, was established in 1850 by Albert Alonzo Durham on this portion of his 637 acre Donation Land Grant which included "Old Town" and much of East Oswego. He advertised his new mill in the . . . — Map (db m117224) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — The First People
In Prehistoric Times

Fifteen thousand years ago, the mouth of the Tualatin River was located at Like Oswego. The river's course changed when the cataclysmic Missoula floods poured down the Columbia Basin and inundated the Willamette . . . — Map (db m120526) HM

Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — the man from k̓ašxəʼkšix returned with eels to feed his people
Ikanum are traditional stories. One such story from Victoria Howard of Grand Ronde is told about the area around Lake Oswego. The story tells of a particularly hostile winter, in which cold and starvation threatened the entire village of . . . — Map (db m116145) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Abigail Scott DuniwayRebel for Rights
"When woman's true history shall have been written, her part in the upbuilding of this nation will astound the world." -- Abigail Scott Duniway, Path Breaking (1914) The third in a family of fourteen, Abigail "Jenny" Scott traveled west . . . — Map (db m114173) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Area Commerce
Commerce came quickly to the area as pioneers cleared land and became established. Pasture and grazing was common but presented transportation problems before refrigeration and good roads or bridges. The Clear Creek Creamery co-op was formed to . . . — Map (db m114236) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Baker Cabin Historical Society
Welcome to the Baker Cabin Historical Site. This is one panel of many that are spaced throughout the site. You are invited to see them all. The Baker Cabin Historical Society is the present day organization founded from the Old Timers Association of . . . — Map (db m114257) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Baker Cabin Pioneer Church
This marker is located on the grounds of Baker Cabin Historical Site.  Oregon Trail emigrants left established homes and farms in the East to start anew in the wilderness that was the Oregon Country.  Emigrants packed simple farm wagons with enough . . . — Map (db m114232) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Baker Site
The Baker's water supply consisted of a hand dug well located close to the cabin. Likely located by dowsing , there is a strong underground stream easily found even today with a 'water-witch.' The well extended down approximately 25 feet and often . . . — Map (db m114256) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Canemah
Before the coming of the white immigration, the flat area above the falls was a native encampment called "Kanim" or "Canoe Place". In 1844 Absolom Hedges staked out a donation land claim and platted it in 1849 naming the area Falls City. The first . . . — Map (db m114029) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Clackamas ChinookAn Artist Encounter With the First Peoples of the Oregon City Area
About four miles below Oregon City the Klackamass enters the Walhamettee: and, seated below the banks at its mouth, I saw a party of Indians of the Klackamass tribe, and I put ashore for the purpose of taking a sketch of them. They were busy . . . — Map (db m114759) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Coyote Creates Willamette FallsSantiam Kalapuya
"Let us make a waterfall across the river." Meadowlark said to Coyote. So they made a rope by twisting young hazel shoots. Holding one end of the rope, Meadowlark went on one side of the Willamette River; holding the other end, coyote went on the . . . — Map (db m114060) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Coyote Creates Willamette FallsClackmas Chinook
Coyote came to that place around Oregon City and found the people there very hungry. The river was full of salmon, but they had no way to spear them in the deep water. Coyote decided he would build a big waterfall, so that the salmon would come to . . . — Map (db m114061) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. Forbes Barclay1812 - 1873
Dr. Forbes Barclay left Scotland in 1839 for Fort Vancouver (Washington) where he became chief physician for Hudson's Bay Company. He moved to Oregon City in 1850 where he practiced medicine for many years. He was one of Oregon City's early mayors, . . . — Map (db m8692) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. John McLoughlin"Father of Oregon"
Born in Riviere du Loup, Canada, October 19, 1784. 1824 Came to the Oregon Country as Chief Factor of the Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. 1829 Located his claim to the present site of Oregon City. 1845 Resigned his position . . . — Map (db m8699) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. John McLoughlin1784-1857
Chief Factor, 1821-1845, and Superintendent of the Columbia Department, 1824-1821, of the Hudson's Bay Company, laid claim to and took possession of the Site of Oregon City in 1829. In 1842 he had the site surveyed, and subsequently dedicated . . . — Map (db m114027) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Dr. John McLoughlinFather of Oregon
"He stood among his pioneer contemporaries like towering old (Mount) Hood ... a born leader of men." -- Willard H Res, description of John McLoughlin during speech, 1879 His personality was measured in patience, generosity, . . . — Map (db m114065) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Earthquakes and Mountain FogThe First People and the Mountain
It must have been long long ago that the earth shook. Then they would get their wooden pans and buckets, they would turn them upside down there, and they would sing and make a racket. They would say in their singing, Put by the side of the . . . — Map (db m114168) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — End of the Oregon Trail
Here the Pioneers Ended Their Journey West. Abernethy Green is the Official End of the Oregon Trail, As Designated by the U.S. Congress In 1978. Placed in Honor of the Pioneer Achievements of Dan Fowler Oregon . . . — Map (db m114198) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — End of the Oregon Trail1845-46
Oregon City, Western Terminus of the Oregon Trail (about 2200 miles from Independence, MO) Here at Abernethy Green in the fall of 1845, members of the Barlow-Palmer-Rector Wagon Train entered Oregon City as best they could. Pioneering a . . . — Map (db m114199) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Eva Emery Dye
In memory of Eva Emery Dye and others who saved the McLoughlin House from demolition in 1909. The house was moved down Main Street and up Singer Hill to open as a museum on this location in 1910. Mrs. Dye was the author of “McLoughlin and Old . . . — Map (db m8698) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Fishing At TumwaterAncient Fishing Site
Since time immemorial, Willamette Falls (Tumwater) has been an important fishing site for the Clowewalla (also known as the Willamette Tumwater) and Clackamas Chinook peoples. They controlled access to the falls through inter-tribal relationships . . . — Map (db m114172) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — GardensLiving History of the Oregon Trail
"We pitched our tent... remaining at this camp for about one week, feasting on watermelons and good, fresh vegetables right from the garden, which are brought in by the Clackamas County farmers in great abundance." E.W. Conyers on arrival in . . . — Map (db m114201) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — George Abernethy's Historical SignificanceYou are currently standing on Abernethy Green!
George Abernethy who arrived at Willamette Falls in 1840 by ship, took a land claim that stretched from the Willamette River to Holcomb Hill. The neck of land that followed Abernethy Creek acrosss Green Point became known as Abernethy Green. Oregon . . . — Map (db m114032) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Grinding Rock
Native Americans are understood to have used this large rock for grinding acorns, nuts, or grains, and preparing other foods. The several holes are evidence of long term use. This rock may have been close to Native American encampments located near . . . — Map (db m114255) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Historic Canemah Cemetery
In 1864 Absolom Hedges donated 1.91 acres for a cemetery. By 1865 the Canemah Cemetery Association was formed and received a deed. In 1883 the Rhinehart family donated a 30 ft. wide roadway to 5th Avenue. In 1914 the cemetery was surveyed and iron . . . — Map (db m114028) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Joseph L. MeekBorn 1810 - Died 1875
Born in Washington Co. Va., Meek leaves home at age 18, arriving in St. Louis in the fall of 1828. Meek signs on as a trapper with the Rocky Mtn. Fur Co., remaining in the Rockies until 1839. 1839 - 1843: Meek travels to the Willamette Valley and . . . — Map (db m8673) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Larry G. DahlSpecialist 4, U. S. Army
Born in Oregon City June 10, 1949 Killed in Action February 23, 1971 Vice President Ford of the United States of America awarded posthumously in the name of Congress The Medal of Honor for conspicuous gallantry & intrepidity in . . . — Map (db m8711) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Lot WhitcombTownsite Founder
Lot Whitcomb, proprietor of the town, gave two lots and an unfinished building that had cost him about $1,000 - the first Episcopal church building in Oregon. His wife, Irene, suffered from asthma. Believing Oregon a healthy place, in . . . — Map (db m114171) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — McCald BuildingCirca 1925
On this site was an early firehall. Current structure was built as City Hall housing city offices, Police Dept., and the jail, all of which remained until the mid 40s. Oregon City Beauty School occupied main floor and basement for 22 years. Jail . . . — Map (db m8747) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — McLoughlin HouseNational Historic Site
In the city he founded, in this house he built, lived Dr. John McLoughlin, 1846-57. He won enduring fame for his generous and humane aid to early American settlers in the Oregon Country, as Chief Factor and Superintendent of the Hudson’s Bay . . . — Map (db m8693) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Medorem CrawfordWagon Master
"A few of us (went) to the Falls of Willamut where we found many people & considerable of business." Medorem Crawford, Journal, October 3, 1842 An emigrant of 1842, Medorem Crawford worked for nearly a decade hauling freight around . . . — Map (db m114760) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — OK Barber Shop
Built by Ed Johnson as a full service barber shop with 4 chairs and bathing facilities. Basement still has massive brick boiler for hot water originally fired by sawdust from local mill. Converted to restaurant in 1986. — Map (db m8746) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Old Oregon Trail1846
Erected by Willamette Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Portland, Oregon 1917 — Map (db m114200) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — OregonAmerica's Manifest Destiny
"We claim that country - for what? To make the wilderness blossom as the rose, to establish laws, to increase, multiply, and subdue the earth..." -- John Quincy Adams, Congressional Globe, February 9, 1846 Arguing that God had manifestly . . . — Map (db m114064) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M11 — Oregon CityOregon History
Oregon City - supply point for pioneer emigrants was first located as a claim by Dr. John McLoughlin in 1829. The first provisional legislature of the Oregon Country was held here in 1843 and land and tax laws formulated. Oregon City was the capital . . . — Map (db m8700) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — M12 — Oregon City FallsOregon History
Oregon City - once known as Willamette Falls - was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842. A flour mill in 1844. A woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper . . . — Map (db m113515) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Peter Skene Ogden House
400 feet south of this marker stood the home of Peter Skene Ogden Chief Factor of Hudson's Bay Co. and rescuer of the survivors of the Whitman Massacre. — Map (db m8714) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Sidney W. MossHotel Keeper
'It was two stories, 68 x 105, and was the first hotel west of the Rocky mountains." -- Harvey K. Hines, An Illustrated History... (1893) In 1842 Dr. Elijah White recruited over one hundred people to emigrate across the Oregon Trail. . . . — Map (db m114165) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — The Baker Cabin
Horace Baker emigrated from Illinois along the Oregon Traill in 1846 and married fellow emigrant Jane Hatten in 1852. The Bakers claimed 640 acres and built this cabin by 1856. The Baker Cabin is one of the oldest log structure in the state, and it . . . — Map (db m114230) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — The Baker Cabin Overview
Little is known about the first ten years after Horace and Jane Baker arrived in the 1846 Barlow Trail wagon train, and the construction of this cabin. Perhaps, like most pioneers they lived out of their wagon or tents the first winter. Most then . . . — Map (db m114233) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — The Baker Family
The Barlow Trail branch of the Oregon Trail formally ended at the Phillip Foster Farm near Eagle Creek. From that point immigrants fanned out, taking several routes to Oregon City and beyond. One route passed this spot on the way up Gronlund Road to . . . — Map (db m114235) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — The Confederate Tribes of Grande Ronde TodayHonoring Our Ancestors
The Clowewalla (also known as the Willamette Tumwater) and Clackamas Chinooks were relocated to the Grand Ronde Reservation under the Treaty with the Kalapuya, Etc. 1855 (also known as the Willamette Valley Treaty). The Clowewalla joined other . . . — Map (db m114063) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — The Trail of TearsRemoval From Their Homelands To The Grand Ronde Reservation
When she went shortly after to her American woman friend, she told her, "They are going to take you Indian people somewhere pretty soon now." She told her, "Do not leave anything. Take along all your things with you. Put your canoe away . . . — Map (db m114762) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — To The Banks Of The Willamette
"Past on twelve miles or more, took the (w)rong road and arrived at the Willammette bottoms about dark a little below the City." -- Samuel Dexter Francis, October 14, 1852 In September and October, and early November the meadows at the . . . — Map (db m114136) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Veterans Memorial BuildingClackamas County
In memory of all who gave their lives for the preservation of American Freedom Spanish American War World War I World War II Harold L. Adams • Harold D. Alt • Alfred W. Anderson • Harold A. Anderson • Robert C. Baker • Herman v. . . . — Map (db m13264) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — WagonsHomes Away From Home
Letters in newspapers, emigrant guide-books, and word of mouth gave counsel on overland travel. Emigrants commonly used farm wagons - simple, well-made, and utilitarian. Many were home-made or commission-built by local wagon makers. Some had custom . . . — Map (db m114761) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Willamette Falls, circa 1880
When travelers arrived at the End of the Oregon Trail, they found Willamette Falls, a natural wonder that attracted both those early settlers and the Native Americans who settled here centuries earlier. For the traditional peoples, the main . . . — Map (db m114034) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Rhododendron — Laurel HillHistoric Oregon Trail.
The pioneer road here detoured the Columbia River rapids and Mount Hood to the Willamette Valley. The road at first followed an old Indian trail. The later name was Barlow Road. Travel was difficult. Wagons were snubbed to trees by ropes on held . . . — Map (db m112372) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Rhododendron — The Oregon Trail1845

[Title is text] — Map (db m112340) HM

Oregon (Clackamas County), Sandy — The Vietnam MonumentNever to be Forgotten
[Marker on Monument's front]: In memory of veterans who served in all wars "Never to be Forgotten" Donated to the City of Sandy, Oregon and dedicated on November 11, 1987 by members of the Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United . . . — Map (db m8573) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Viola — Historic Viola SchoolViola Pioneer Cemetery
District #14           Built - 1894 — Map (db m8744) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Viola — Original Stash
Geocaching.com Original Stash First Geocache placed here. May 3, 2000 N 45° 17.460 W 122° 24.800 — Map (db m3121) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Welches — Emigrant's Final StepsThe Barlow Road — Oregon Trail Mile 1891
In the shadow of the tall trees, a stream of travelers crossed ash flows, talus slopes and boggy wetlands along this last stretch of the trail. Some emigrants were forced to abandon their wagons with the death of livestock and walk, carrying their . . . — Map (db m112341) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M15 — Dr. John McLoughlin 1784 - 1857Oregon History
Chief factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company at Fort Vancouver, philanthropist, and founder of Oregon City. The land on the east bank of the Willamette River at the falls was claimed by Dr. McLoughlin and the Hudson’s Bay Co. in 1828-29. First called . . . — Map (db m8669) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M16 — George AbernethyOregon History
From 1845 to 1849, George Abernethy was the first Provisional Governor of the Oregon Country, which extended from the Pacific Ocean to the Rocky Mountains and from California to Northern British Columbia. After arriving in Oregon in 1840 as part of . . . — Map (db m8670) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M14 — Willamette FallsOregon History
Was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842, a flour mill in 1844, a woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper mill in the Pacific Northwest in 1867. The first . . . — Map (db m113514) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M13 — Willamette Falls LocksOregon History
Still in use below this point-were opened on New Years Day, 1873, when the steamer Maria Wilkins became the first vessel to navigate up the west end of Willamette Falls. Farming and shipping interests had long sought to eliminate expensive portages . . . — Map (db m8667) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Willamette National Cemetery — King 56 Aircrew Memorial
In memory of the 304th Rescue Squadron aircrew members, who lost their lives on board aircraft King 56, while performing a training mission on the night of November 22, 1996. These men were Citizen Soldiers committed to the preservation of the . . . — Map (db m11977) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Boone’s Landing
Many of Oregon’s early transportation routes resulted from the efforts of enterprising pioneers like the Boone family of Clackamas County. In 1846 Alphonso Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone, emigrated to Oregon via the Applegate Trail with his large . . . — Map (db m127162) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Drug Store and Lodge Hall
Built in 1903, this building was important to area social life, serving as Wilsonville's first “community center.” Meetings were held in a lodge hall that occupied the second floor. Area residents would also flock to the upstairs . . . — Map (db m127203) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Grove of the StatesOregon Heritage Tree Site
The Grove of the States includes a tree representing each state in the USA and the District of Columbia. The idea for the Grove of the States was conceived by Oregon Attorney General Robert Y. Thornton to honor the passage of Lady Bird Jonson's 1965 . . . — Map (db m127210) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Norris Young Machine Shop
Built at the turn of the 20th Century, the Norris Young Machine Shop served the farming community. Young, an accomplished machinist and inventor, repaired farm machinery and logging equipment. Young was an enterprising businessman who along . . . — Map (db m127204) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Site of Bill Flynn’s Saloon
Built in 1905 and named for its colorful owner, Bill Flynn’s Saloon was a favorite hangout for residents and weary travelers. Farmers would park their wagons outside the saloon to rest their horses before the climb up “Whiskey Hill,” . . . — Map (db m127205) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Site of the Train Depot
The Oregon Electric Railway was completed during the first decade of the 1900s, coming initially from Portland to Wilsonville, then on to Salem and Eugene after construction of a mile-long trestle across the Willamette River was completed in 1907. . . . — Map (db m127219) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Tauchman House
The Tauchman House overlooks the site of one of the Willamette River's first ferry operations, started in 1847 by Daniel Boone's grandson, Col. Alphonso Boone. In the early days, the ferry boat transported passengers, wagons and livestock . . . — Map (db m114278) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — The “Old Church”
The Wilsonville Methodist Episcopal Church, fondly referred to by residents as the “Old Church,” was dedicated on Aug. 27, 1911. Upon its opening, the building was debt-free and complete with an organ purchased during the construction . . . — Map (db m127208) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — The Cottage Hotel
Built in 1905, The Cottage Hotel is one of the many buildings constructed during the time that the Oregon Electric Railway ran through Wilsonville. The hotel’s business was directly dependent on the railroad’s passenger service. A boardwalk ran from . . . — Map (db m127206) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Wilsonville Baseball
Baseball was a popular past time in Wilsonville during an era community baseball that ran around 1910 to 1930. The highlight was 1914, the year the Wilsonville Athletic Club won the state Championship. Regular Sunday play on this site was . . . — Map (db m76951) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Arch Cape — Cannon Beach
Lt. Neil M. Howison, U.S.N., arrived in the Columbia River 1 July, 1846 on board the 300-ton United States Naval Survey Schooner "Shark" for the purpose of making an investigation of part of the Oregon Country. His report was instrumental in . . . — Map (db m113513) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — "Ocian in view, O! the Joy..."
The Corps of Discovery traveled thousands of miles and endured many hardships to reach the Pacific Ocean in mid-November 1805. The last sixteen miles down the Columbia River took ten days because of bad weather. The explorers huddled among the . . . — Map (db m113006) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — 14th Street Ferry SlipCapt. Fritz Elfving and the Astoria-North Beach Ferry Co.
In 1921, responding to increasing popularity of travel by automobile, Captain Fritz Elfving formed the Astoria-North Beach Ferry Company to transport passengers and cars across the Columbia River. His ferry slip on the Oregon side of the river . . . — Map (db m113269) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — A Great Artery of Transportation
The Columbia River is a highway for huge amounts of freight. The most frequent outbound cargoes include wheat and other agricultural products from the inland Northwest, logs and lumber, and mining products like coke or potash. Entering the river, . . . — Map (db m113238) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — A Waterfront at Work
Before the fire of 1922, much of downtown Astoria was built on pilings over the river. People built out from the original hilly shoreline, creating a level commercial district with access to the water. Every type of business might be . . . — Map (db m113237) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Astoria & Warrenton
The oldest American settlement west of the Rocky Mountains, dating back to Lewis & Clark. Explore our history, natural beauty and opportunities for adventure. For free maps and visitor information, visit one of the Astoria-Warrenton . . . — Map (db m113011) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Astoria Sesquicentennial
On April 12, 1961, Lord Astor of Hever, England, direct descendant fo John Jacob Astor from whom this city of Astoria derived its name 150 years ago, dedicated this monument to transportation. From here members of the Astor Expedition blazed . . . — Map (db m113814) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — At Play on the River
People have always turned to the river for enjoyment and just plain fun. Today you may see recreational sailboats, motorboats, jet-skis, kayaks, cruise ships, windsurfers, or kiteboards sharing the river with huge commercial ships. In the . . . — Map (db m113250) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Built by Capt. Hiram Brown1852
Built by Capt. Hiram Brown who came to Astoria area in 1848. Original Portion of house built in Adairville (East Astoria), was barged downriver about 1865 to Tenth St. and rolled to present location without cracking wallpaper or breaking a . . . — Map (db m114258) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Captain Flavel Trees
This grove of nine trees is a part of the original landscaping planted around the historic 1886 Queen Anne style house of Captain George Flavel. The grove consists of a giant sequoia, ginko, Camperdown elm, bay laurel, pear, and four cork . . . — Map (db m113151) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Captain George Flavel Mansion
This Mansion was erected in 1883 by Captain George Flavel, Pioneer Columbia River Bar Pilot and business leader The family home for fifty years, this property was presented to Clatsop County by his great granddaughter, . . . — Map (db m113016) HM

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