“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Alexandria, Virginia Historical Markers

A Tale of Three Jurisdictions Marker image, Touch for more information
By Allen C. Browne, October 7, 2012
A Tale of Three Jurisdictions Marker
Virginia, Alexandria — A Tale of Three Jurisdictions
Did you know that you traverse the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia when you cross this bridge? The brass lines in the walkway mark the boundaries. They also commemorate the cooperation required to build this bridge. Follow the . . . — Map (db m140997) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — T-45 — Episcopal High School
Episcopal High School, on the hill to the southwest, was founded in 1839 as a boys' preparatory school, one of the first in the South; girls were admitted in 1991. The school was a pioneer in the establishment of student honor codes in preparatory . . . — Map (db m7559) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — Mountains of Materials and Massive ManpowerFighting World War I
The concrete foundations you see here were part of a craneway servicing two shipways and launch sites -- elements of an enormous World War I-era shipyard. To speed delivery of cargo ships needed for the war effort, the Virginia Shipbuilding . . . — Map (db m62323) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — The Race to Build Ships on Jones PointAlexandria Goes to War — 1918 - 1921 —
In response to a shortage of ships and shipbuilding facilities at the start of World War I, the U.S. government decided to enter the shipbuilding business. In 1917, the U.S. Emergency Fleet Corporation was created and eventually oversaw construction . . . — Map (db m62022) HM
Virginia, Alexandria — T-44 — Virginia Theological SeminaryFounded 1823
Half mile to the southwest. The idea for such an institution was conceived by a group of Alexandria and Washington clergymen in 1818. Among those interested was Francis Scott Key, author of the Star Spangled Banner. Originally at corner of . . . — Map (db m7561) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — A Fine Improvable MarshGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway
When George Washington surveyed the future site of Alexandria in 1749, he described this area as a “fine improvable marsh.” Do you think that ideas about improving marshlands have changed since Washington's time? How can we improve Dyke . . . — Map (db m108523)
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — A Place to Rest—or NestGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway
Nearly 300 different kinds of birds find food, shelter, or a rest stop in Dyke Marsh. Birds that migrate thousands of miles along the Atlantic Flyway rest here on their way to winter homes in the Caribbean, Central America, and South America. . . . — Map (db m108487)
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — A View from the BeginningWelcome to the 1820s
(see captions)Map (db m127722) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Anatomy of a Tidal MarshGeorge Washington Memorial Parkway
Your body has a heart and blood vessels to carry nutrients to your tissues, lungs to breathe, kidneys to filter out pollutants, and skin to protect you. When you look closely at Dyke Marsh, you can find natural systems that do all the same things. . . . — Map (db m108522)
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Battery Sater
Battery Sater and Other Defensive Tactics Fort Hunt became fully armed as a coastal defense installation upon completion of Battery Sater, the last of the four gun batteries. Battery Sater also served as a command center for mines placed in the . . . — Map (db m41177) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Beacon Field Airport
In 1929, Airway Beacon No. 55, a pilot’s navigation aid, was installed on this site owned by W.F.P. Reid. Beacon Field is named for the beacon tower. Under the Civilian Pilot Training Program established in 1938, Ashburn Flying Service trained . . . — Map (db m69516) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Bethlehem Baptist Church
According to tradition, the earliest congregation, which would become the Bethlehem Baptist Church, was organized circa 1863 by Samuel K. Taylor, a former slave, who preached in the homes of the African-American residents of Gum Springs. Shortly . . . — Map (db m100708) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Beyond What You See Today
In addition to its use as a coastal defense during the Spanish-American War, Fort Hunt served further military purposes in later years. During World War II, the military transported enemy prisoners here in unmarked, windowless buses, literally . . . — Map (db m41176) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Civilian Conservation Corps
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), originally designed as a New Deal Program under the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, provided work for young men during the Depression Era, a time of excessive unemployment. From 1933-42, . . . — Map (db m41173) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-70 — Colonial Fort
Nearby at John Mathew’s land on Hunting Creek, Governor William Berkeley constructed a fort authorized by the Virginia House of Burgesses on 21 Sept. 1674. Militiamen from Lancaster, Middlesex and Northumberland Counties garrisoned the fort under . . . — Map (db m775) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-81 — Defenses of Washington
During the Civil War, the U.S. Army constructed a series of forts and artillery batteries around Washington to protect it from Confederate attack. Forts O’Rourke, Weed, Farnsworth, and Lyon stood just to the north, and Fort Willard which still . . . — Map (db m2330) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Defenses of WashingtonFort Willard Park
After Virginia seceded from the Union on April 17, 1861 the District of Columbia was on the dangerous border between the divided states. Because of the city’s importance, the Union Army immediately occupied Northern Virginia, which allowed troops to . . . — Map (db m47967) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Explore Historic HuntleyAnd take in a Refreshingly Different View
Cool Breezes on the hilltop provide relief form the summer heat and tempt you to relax while taking in the expansive view. From the top you can see Maryland, Ft. Belvoir and the forested oasis of Huntley Meadows Park. In years past, the . . . — Map (db m127850) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Fort Hunt Park
Welcome to Fort Hunt Park. The concrete platform in front of you, Battery Mount Vernon, once held a set of heavy guns designed to protect Washington, D.C. from naval attack. In 1885, Secretary of War William C. Endicott chaired a commission that . . . — Map (db m41175) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-102 — Fort Lyon
In this vicinity stood Fort Lyon, the major fortification on the left flank of the Federal defenses guarding the city of Washington during the Civil War. Named in honor of Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon, the fort covered an area of nine acres with its . . . — Map (db m8029) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Fort WillardFort Willard Park
Fort Willard Park contains significant earthworks and archaeological remains of a fort built in 1862 by the Union Army. It was one of 63 forts that were built surrounding the District of Columbia during the Civil War as part of the Defenses of . . . — Map (db m47971) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Fort Willard
. . . — Map (db m47976) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-94 — Gum Springs
Gum Springs, an African-American community, originated here on a 214-acre farm bought in 1833 by West Ford (ca. 1785-1863), a freed man, skilled carpenter, and manager of the Mount Vernon estate. The freedman’s school begun here in 1867 at Bethlehem . . . — Map (db m952) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — B-260 — Historic Green Spring
A 1784 brick house, spring house, and a designed landscape showcase the unique 1942 collaboration of two American masters of design, Walter Macomber and Beatrix Farrand. Green Spring is the only known place where both designers' work is extant. . . . — Map (db m33710) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Historic Jones PointMount Vernon Trail — George Washington Memorial Parkway, National Park Service —
In the distance is Jones Point, designated as the southern corner of the District of Columbia by President George Washington. In 1790 Congress established the nation’s capital with a ten-mile square of land ceded by Virginia and Maryland. Alexandria . . . — Map (db m798) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Hybla Valley Airport
Virginia's first airport permit was granted to Elvin W. Robertson's Hybla Valley Airport in February 1929. As President of Mount Vernon Airways, he utilized the airfield as a site for barnstorming and air circuses. Robertson, Fairfax Supervisor . . . — Map (db m53880) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — In Support of American Defense
Fort Hunt played a key role in military development and defense. It was used as a major fortification during the Spanish-American War, as a logistical/training support center during peacetime, and as a military installation during WWI and WWII. By . . . — Map (db m41172) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — E-69 — Little Hunting Creek
The Washington family land south of here, named Mount Vernon in the 1740s, was part of a grant made in 1677 by the Northern Neck proprietors to Col. Nicholas Spencer and Lt. Col. John Washington. George Washington’s great-grandfather. John . . . — Map (db m794) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Original Mount Vernon High School
The original Mount Vernon High School was located here on 8.8 acres that were once part of George Washington's Mount Vernon estate. Fairfax County purchased the land for $400 per acre in November 1938. Construction funding was provided by Fairfax . . . — Map (db m100772) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — P.O. Box 11421942-1946 — Alexandria, Va —
This flagpole is dedicated to the veterans of P.O. Box 1142 who served this country as members of two military intelligence service (MIS) programs during World War II. Their top secret work here at Fort Hunt not only contributed to the allied . . . — Map (db m71583) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — People and the Land
American Indians occupied the region at least 13,000 years ago. They hunted game and gathered nature's bounty while residing in temporary seasonal camps. Approximately 3,000 years ago, they began to grow crops and establish permanent villages. . . . — Map (db m41174) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Protecting America's Legacy
Fort Hunt, part of a national park known as the George Washington Memorial Parkway, reflects the history of Virginia and the nation. Places along the Parkway represent outstanding examples of cultural landscapes; historical, architectural, and . . . — Map (db m115809) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Saint Mark's Episcopal Church
Saint Mark's Episcopal Church is one of several congregations that evolved from the efforts of nineteenth century students from the Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria. The first congregation met at the original Groveton Schoolhouse on . . . — Map (db m42387) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — The Rose Hill RaidA Not-So-Tender Reunion
On September 28, 1863, Confederate Maj. John S. Mosby raided the house that stood nearby on the bluff at the end of May Boulevard. The day before, Mosby and eight of his men road from Fauquier County toward Alexandria, where Mosby planned to capture . . . — Map (db m67535) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — The Thirteen Adjacent Elms1732–1932
The thirteen adjacent elms representing the thirteen original colonies were planted in commemoration of the bicentennial celebration of George Washington’s birth and to revere the ancient and honorable artillery company of Massachusetts organized . . . — Map (db m939) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — These Trees
These trees were planted in commemoration of the eight Presidents of the United States who were sons of Virginia. George Washington, 1789-1797 • Thomas Jefferson, 1801-1809 • James Madison, 1809-1817 • James Monroe, 1817-1825 • Wm. . . . — Map (db m814) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — To Commemorate the 250th Anniversary
To commemorate the 250th anniversary of the birth of George Washington the citizens of the original Washington, Tyne and Wear, England present to the people of the United States 250 trees planted along the Mount Vernon Memorial Highway. . . . — Map (db m940) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — US Route 1 Wall of AviationHybla Valley and Beacon Field — EW Robertson and HJ Lehman —
Hybla Valley From Dream to Flight School This section of Historic Route 1 boasted two private airfields that began operations in the mid 1920’s. When Dr. Hugo Eckener and First Officer Captain Ernst Lehmann flew the Graf Zeppelin . . . — Map (db m68104) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — Wasteland or Wetland?What is Your Point of View? — George Washington Memorial Parkway —
Here, 400 years ago, the Piscataway tribe fed themselves on fish and waterfowl. In the early 1800s, Virginia farmers built retaining walls, called dykes, to drain this marsh and make farmland. The dykes proved too hard to keep intact. Without dyles, . . . — Map (db m117252) HM
Virginia (Fairfax County), Alexandria — WW II: A Battle Fought at Home and Abroad
The United States engaged in World War II (WWII) at home and on foreign soil. With formal entry of the United States into WWII, the Military Intelligence Service (MIS) began two top-secret programs, known as MIS-Y and MIS-X, at Fort Hunt. Under the . . . — Map (db m41161) HM

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May. 25, 2020