“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Appomattox

Grant's Headquarters Site image, Touch for more information
By Bill Coughlin, April 26, 2007
Grant's Headquarters Site
1Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — “Message of Peace”
From near his headquarters atop the rise in front of you, Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sent a message that jolted a nation. After finishing his meeting with Lee at the McLean House, Grant paused along the road and scribbled an unassuming note . . . — Map (db m5914) HM
2Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — “Salute of Arms”
On April 12, 1865, Union Brig. Gen. Joshua Chamberlain watched the distant ridge as the Confederates prepared for the surrender. They formed into column, marched into the valley, then up the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road toward the village. As the . . . — Map (db m5968) HM
3Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — A Strategic DelayAppomattox Court House Nat’l Hist Park
As Lee’s Confederate Army retreated west, Federal forces blocked their way. Near this spot, Union artillery pieces commanded by Lieutenant James H. Lord and a cavalry brigade led by Brevet Brigadier General Charles Smith proved a strategic delay to . . . — Map (db m15524) HM
4Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — After the Surrender
The depression before you is the trace of the old Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road. Gen. Robert E. Lee rode this route both to and from his meeting with Grant on April 9, 1865. His return to the army – as he passed towards his headquarters atop . . . — Map (db m6004) HM
5Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — ANV Headquarters
On this spot were established the headquarters of the Army of Northern Virginia, General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A, commanding, from April 8th to April 11th, 1865. — Map (db m15533) HM
6Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Appomattox
Here on Sunday April 9, 1865, after four years of heroic struggle in defense of principles believed fundamental to the existence of our government Lee surrendered 9000 men the remnant of an army still unconquered in spirit. — Map (db m156471) HM
7Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Appomattox County Eternal FlameWar Memorial
(East Side):World War I James R. Beasley Jerry S. Beasley James T. Cyrus Edward B. Gunter Robert F. Irving Sam J. Harvey Herman L. Lee Thomas A. Owen Phillip B. Swan Campbell W. Teeter Melvin M. Watkins Melvin Watson John L. Deaner . . . — Map (db m29999) WM
8Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Appomattox County UnitsThat Served in the Confederate States Army
Appomattox Invincibles Company A, 20th Battalion Virginia Heavy Artillery Formerly Company A, 44th Virginia Infantry Appomattox Greys Company H 18th Virginia Infantry Appomattox Rangers Company H, 2nd Virginia Cavalry Liberty . . . — Map (db m29997) HM
9Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — K-158 — Appomattox Court HouseNew and Old
This building, erected in 1892 when the county seat was moved to this location, should not be mistaken for the original, built in 1846 and destroyed by fire in 1892. Three miles northeast is old Appomattox Court House and the McLean House where Lee . . . — Map (db m15514) HM
10Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Appomattox Court House
Here, amidst the once-quiet streets and lanes of Appomattox Court House, Lee, Grant, and their tired armies enacted one of the great dramas in American history. “General, this is deeply humiliating; but I console myself with the thought . . . — Map (db m15530) HM
11Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — MG-1 — Appomattox Court House Confederate Cemetery
Here are buried eighteen Confederate soldiers who died April 8 and 9, 1865 in the closing days of the War Between the States. The remains of one unknown Union soldier found some years after the war are interred beside the Confederate dead. About 500 . . . — Map (db m156470) HM
12Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Appomattox River
Near this site General Lee crossed the Appomattox River and proceeded up the hill to the McLean House where he met General Grant to draft the terms of surrender. April 9, 1865. — Map (db m6006) HM
13Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — April 1865Appomattox Court House National Historic Park
In this village, General Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia surrendered to General Grant and the Army of the Potomac. The terms of their “gentlemen’s peace” inspired a new unity and a new purpose for our Nation. The village of . . . — Map (db m100993) WM
14Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Battle of Appomattox StationLee's Retreat
April 8, 1865 Union cavalry arrived early in the evening and captured three of Lee’s four supply trains. Advancing toward Appomattox Court House, they encountered the surplus Confederate wagons and artillery train. After a brief conflict, . . . — Map (db m6075) HM
15Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Battle of Appomattox StationApril 8, 1865: 4-8 p.m.
One of the last battles of the Civil War took place one mile west of here. After capturing Confederate supplies, General George Custer's cavalry charged through the woods into the cannon fire of Confederate General Reuben Lindsay Walker's troops. . . . — Map (db m30041) HM
16Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Battle of Appomattox StationFinal Blow — Lee's Retreat —
You are standing near the site of Appomattox Station Depot on the South Side Railroad. Here, on the afternoon of April 8, 1865, Union cavalrymen under Gen. George A. Custer dealt the Army of Northern Virginia a final blow. First, they captured . . . — Map (db m156545) HM
17Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — K-159 — Battle of Appomattox Station — 1865
Near this building stood the station of the South Side Railroad where, on April 8, 1865, three trains unloading supplies for the Army of Northern Virginia were captured by units of Sheridan’s Union cavalry under Gen. Geo. Custer. Significant for its . . . — Map (db m3605) HM
18Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — 2 — Carver-Price SchoolCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail — Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —
In 1929-30 the Appomattox training school was built on this site with funds raised by Mozella Price, who served as Supervisor of Appomattox Counter Negro Schools from 1919 to 1963. It was a cinder block building, employing four teachers. At the . . . — Map (db m29969) HM
19Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Clover Hill Tavern
Built in 1819, this was the first building in what would become the village of Appomattox Court House. The Clover Hill Tavern served travelers along the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road. For several decades, it offered the village’s only restaurant, . . . — Map (db m5989) HM
20Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Confederate Artillery PositionBattle of Appomattox Station
Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Norther Virginia began the retreat west from Richmond and Petersburg on April 3, 1865, with about 250 cannon. Two days later, at Amelia Court House, about a hundred of the least effective pieces were culled . . . — Map (db m84749) HM
21Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Confederate Cemetery
Buried here are nineteen men (out of perhaps 100) killed during the last two days of war in Virginia. These men were at first buried where they died – at hospitals or in farm fields and woodlots around Appomattox Court House. But in 1866, the . . . — Map (db m5990) HM
22Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Confederates TrappedAppomattox Court House Nat’l Hist Park
For most of the war, Lee and his army had tormented their Northern enemies – at Gaines’ Mill, Manassas, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville. But here, on April 9, 1865, the once-mighty Army of Northern Virginia found itself trapped. Lee faced . . . — Map (db m15526) HM
23Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — County Jail
The county jail in 1865 stood just beyond this marker. Shortly after the war it burned. The jail across the road replaced it in 1870. — Map (db m30074) HM
24Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Custer's Third BrigadeBattle of Appomattox Station
Union Col. Henry Capehart commanded Gen. George A. Custer’s Third Cavalry Brigade on Custer’s left flank. On April 8, 1865, Capehart had only the 1st New York (Lincoln) an 1st and 2nd West Virginia regiments on hand, the 3rd West Virginia had . . . — Map (db m84751) HM
25Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — 3 — Education in 1800's Rural VirginiaCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail — Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —
Before and during the Civil War, educational opportunities in Rural Virginia were often limited. The wealthier families employed a tutor or sent their children to boarding academies such as the nearby Union Academy. In such schools students learned . . . — Map (db m30105) HM
26Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — M-65 — Eldon
Three miles north is Eldon, birthplace and home of Henry D. "Hal" Flood (2 Sept.1865-8 Dec.1921). A member of the Virginia House of Delegates (1887-1891) and Senate (1891-1900), Flood also served in the U.S. Congress from 1901 to 1921. He served . . . — Map (db m10225) HM
27Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Final Combat
“It seems to me every one was more scared than ever, from the fact that we knew the war was nearly over, and we did not want to be killed at the end of the war.” Private John L. Smith, 118th Pennsylvania Late on the morning of . . . — Map (db m5970) HM
28Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Gordon’s Attack April 9, 1865Appomattox Court House National Historical Park
Prior to midnight on April 8, 1865, with Federal troops closing in on three sides and the line of retreat along the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road blocked, General R. E. Lee held a Council of War with his ranking generals to discuss . . . — Map (db m84563) HM
29Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Grant and Lee Meeting
On this spot Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant, U.S.A. and General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A. met on the morning of April 10th, 1865. — Map (db m15535) HM
30Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Grant’s Pursuit
The four-year effort to vanquish the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia came to its climax in the fields before you. “Legs will win the battle men …. They can’t escape, if you will keep up to it.” Maj. Gen. E.O.C.Ord, . . . — Map (db m15516) HM
31Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Historic Vegetation1865
Most fields that surrounded Appomattox Court House were cleared of trees and were used for small grain or tobacco cultivation. — Map (db m30089) HM
32Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Last Artillery Shots
From this spot was fired last shot from the artillery of the Army of Northern Virginia on the morning of April 9th, 1865. — Map (db m15534) HM
33Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Lee and Grant MeetAppomattox Court House National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
On the knoll before you, Lee and Grant held the second of their two meetings at Appomattox Court House. They met here on the morning of April 10. Grant hoped to enlist Lee’s support in urging the surrender of other Confederate armies, and Lee was . . . — Map (db m5966) HM
34Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Lee’s Last Headquarters
A short distance inside these woods stood Robert E. Lee’s last headquarters. Here on April 8, 1865, he held his final council of war. Here on April 10 he issued his farewell order to his army. And from here, on April 12, he departed for home – . . . — Map (db m5960) HM
35Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Lee's Apple Tree
Near this spot stood the apple tree under which General Robert E. Lee rested while awaiting the return of a flag of truce sent by him to General U.S. Grant on the morning of April 9, 1865. — Map (db m30077) HM
36Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — McLean House
At midday on April 9, 1865, General Robert E. Lee rode into this yard, dismounted, and disappeared into the McLean House. Grant, surrounded by generals and staff officers, soon followed. Dozens of officers, horses, and onlookers waited outside. . . . — Map (db m5962) HM
37Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — North Carolina
The last Federal battery taken by the Confederates was captured by the North Carolina cavalry brigade of Brig. Gen. W.P. Roberts at this place. — Map (db m5972) HM
38Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — North Carolina
At this place was fought the last skirmish by Captain Wilson T. Jenkins of the 14th North Carolina Regiment commanding 25 men of the 4th and 14th N.C. Regiments. — Map (db m84748) HM
39Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — M-68 — Popularizer of the Banjo
Nearby is buried Joel Walker Sweeney (ca. 1810-1860), the musician who redesigned this African instrument into the modern five-string banjo that is known today. Although slaves apparently added the fifth string to what had been a four-strong . . . — Map (db m30076) HM
40Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Raine Cemetery and Monument
The 30-foot obelisk marks the Raine family cemetery. Erected in 1912 by C. Hunter Raine, the monument honors past family members, including C. Hunter’s father, Charles James Raine, who served as a captain in the Lee Battery of Virginia Artillery. . . . — Map (db m36257) HM
41Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Raine Memorial
(Front):Erected by C. Hunter Raine in loving memory of his father Chas. J. Raine captain of Lee Battery, Co. A, Virginia Artillery, C. S. A. Killed in the Battle of Mine Run Va., November 30th, 1863 and the members of the family buried . . . — Map (db m15520) HM
42Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Sears Lane
General Grant used this lane to reach the McLean House where General Lee was waiting to discuss the turns of surrender. April 9, 1865 — Map (db m156469) HM
43Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — K-157 — Surrender at Appomattox
At the McLean house at Appomattox, two miles north, took place the meeting between Lee and Grant to arrange terms for the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. This was at 1:30 P.M. on Sunday, April 9, 1865. — Map (db m34478) HM
44Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — K-156 — The Last Fight
Two miles north, at sunrise of April 9, 1865, Fitz Lee and Gordon, moving westward, attacked Sheridan's position. The attack was repulsed, but a part of the Confederate cavalry under Munford and Rosser broke through the Union line and escaped. This . . . — Map (db m34477) HM
45Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — MG-2 — The Last Positions
On 8 Apr. 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee and his Army of Northern Virginia, retreating from Petersburg toward Pittsylvania County, reached the hills to the northeast. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant and his Federal army, pursuing Lee to the south, blocked him here. . . . — Map (db m10224) HM
46Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — The McLean House(reconstruction)
Here in the parlor of Wilmer Mclean's home on April 9 — Palm Sunday — 1865 Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Grant. This act brought the Civil War to an end. — Map (db m36254) HM
47Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — The Surrender Ceremony
“As my decimated and ragged band with their bullet torn banner marched into its place, someone in the blue line…called for three cheers for the last brigade to surrender… [F]or us this soldierly generosity was more than we could bear. Many . . . — Map (db m5965) HM
48Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Tibbs Lane
Confederate Infantry deployed along this road on the morning of April 9, 1865 prior to the Battle of Appomattox Court House. The battle fought near here would be the last for the Army of Northern Virginia. — Map (db m84564) HM
49Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Walker's Last StandCuster's Charges
One of the last battles of the Civil War in Virginia took place here early in the evening of April 8, 1865. Confederate Gen. Reuben L. Walker, who commanded 100 guns of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s reserve artillery, made camp here late in the afternoon. . . . — Map (db m156547) HM
50Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — Wartime Landscape
The road trace in front of you is the remnant of the Richmond-Lynchburg Stage Road – on April 9, 1865, the most important road in Virginia to Robert E. Lee. Along this road he planned to escape west, hoping eventually to turn south and join . . . — Map (db m5984) HM
51Virginia (Appomattox County), Appomattox — 1 — Winonah Camp / Mozella Price HomeCivil Rights in Education Heritage Trail — Appomattox, Virginia - Appomattox County —
Mozella Jordan Price was instrumental in improving the education and quality of life for African Americans in Appomattox County. Mrs. Price was educated in Farmville schools, attended Boydton Institute, Virginia State College, and earned a Bachelor . . . — Map (db m29971) HM
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Sep. 28, 2020