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Brightwood, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
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By Bill Coughlin, November 12, 2011
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District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 16 — “Get Down You Fool” — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Hearing those words, President Abraham Lincoln ducked down from the Fort Stevens parapet during the Civil War battle that stopped the Confederates from taking Washington. On July 9, 1864, some 15,000 Rebels led by General Jubal A. Early . . . — Map (db m72829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 18 — A Streetcar Named Brightwood — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
The Large Structure across Georgia Avenue opened in 1909 as a "car barn" for the Brightwood Railway. The facility could service more than 40 streetcars at once, and often did so late at night. As a young boy in the 1950s, Thomas Reardon . . . — Map (db m72831) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 7 — An African American Enclave — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Even before emancipation freed Washington's enslaved people in April 1862, a free African American community had developed here amid the European American farmers. The District of Columbia, unlike its neighbors, permitted the formerly enslaved . . . — Map (db m143796) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Army Medical Museum
Army Medical Museum has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provision of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the . . . — Map (db m17095) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 5 — Army Nurse Corps Training — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
Until the early 20th century, the Army largely relied on untrained civilian women for temporary medical care for the sick and wounded. Shortages in medical staff set the stage for greater involvement of women in Army medical care and made a . . . — Map (db m143701) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 17 — Aunt Betty's Story — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Elizabeth Proctor Thomas (1821-1917), a free Black woman whose image appears on each Brightwood Heritage Trail sign, once owned 11 acres in this area. Known, respectfully in her old age as "Aunt Betty," Thomas and her husband James farmed and kept . . . — Map (db m72830) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 12 — Automobiling on The Avenue — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
This busy section once was a "Country Road" to Washingtonians looking for peace and recreation. If you drove by here a century ago, you would have passed woods and large estates, and might even have seen fox hunters. Across Georgia was the . . . — Map (db m72813) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 1 — Battle of Fort Stevens — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
Although nothing remains of the original landscape, this area was a battleground of the only Civil War battle fought in Washington. On July 11, 1864, Confederate troops attempted to capture the Union's capitol by first taking a meagerly defended . . . — Map (db m105292) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 2 — Borden's Dream — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
WRAMC was named for Major Walter Reed, but it was the persistence and vision of another Army doctor, Major William Cline Borden, that led to the construction of the first prominent structures for a U.S. Army general hospital on this site. Borden . . . — Map (db m143695) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 4 — Borden's Dream Realized — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
While the hospital continued to emphasize clinical microscopy and bacteriology, achievements in other fields set the standards for military and civilian care in fields such as dentistry and X-ray use. The circumstances of World War I and the high . . . — Map (db m143699) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 5 — Build It And They Will Come — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
In 1818 the Private Rockville and Washington Turnpike Co. began building a road to link Washington City to Rockville, Maryland. This road helped create a village. A toll gate on what today is Georgia Avenue between Quackenbos and Rittenhouse . . . — Map (db m72819) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 6 — Cameron's Creek and the Rose Garden — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
The home of Thomas Carberry was later sold to James Donald Cameron, former Secretary of War under President Grant. When the U.S. government acquired property here for the Army hospital in 1905, the small stream running through the property was known . . . — Map (db m143703) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 8 — Early Entrepreneurs — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Apple and Peach Trees once covered the slopes to your left, some 40 acres' worth, all planted by noted horticulturalist John Saul (1819-1897). In the 1870s Saul was one of Brightwood's largest landowners. In addition to these orchards, he . . . — Map (db m143797) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens
Civil War Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 The partial reconstruction of Fort Stevens that you see today was done by the Civilian Conservation Corps in 1937. No visible evidence of the original fort remains. Battle of Fort Stevens July 11-12, . . . — Map (db m3028) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Fort Stevens — Rock Creek Park
We haven’t taken Washington, but we scared Abe Lincoln like hell! ” General Jubal Anderson Early Built between 1861-1863 this structure was originally called Fort Massachusetts and guarded the northern defenses of the . . . — Map (db m49456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Lincoln Under Fire at Fort Stevens
Lincoln Under Fire at Fort Stevens July 12, 1864 — Map (db m901) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Military Road School — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1375 Missouri Avenue, NW —
The Military Road School opened in 1864 here along what then was Military Road, an artery linking Civil War forts. The School was one of the first to open after Congress authorized public education for Washington's African Americans in 1862. . . . — Map (db m115232) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 9 — Never Again Such Homes At the Price! — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
We have Harry Wardman to thank for the rich variety of Sheridan Street rowhouses. Wardman, considered Washington's most prolific developer, built hundreds of offices, apartments, hotels, and comfortable rowhouses from 1899 to 1939. When he . . . — Map (db m72823) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 14 — Park and Shop! — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Back in the 1920s, most people walked or rode a streetcar to go shopping. Then cars became affordable, and people drove everywhere. Soon the shopping center, with free parking, was born. In 1937 Brightwood's "Park and Shop" opened on Georgia . . . — Map (db m72826) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Scale Model of Fort Stevens
Dedicated September 1936 in memory of The Grand Army of the Republic by the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War 1861-1865 — Map (db m49526) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 6 — School Days — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
The School Building Just Ahead of You Opened In 1912 as the Military Road School, the area's third public elementary for African Americans. For decades it was the only public school serving black children in Upper Northwest and nearby . . . — Map (db m110235) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Site of a Tulip Tree
Used as a signal station · by · Confederate soldiers under Gen. Jubal A. Early during the attack on · Washington · July 11 and 12, 1864 Also used by Confederate Sharpshooters The lower plaque reads: Two cannon balls . . . — Map (db m42698) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 15 — The Rock on Brightwood Avenue — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
Across Quackenbos Street Emory United Methodist Church. Named to honor Bishop John Emory of Maryland (1789-1835), the congregation dates from 1832. From the beginning, Emory welcomed all races but, like most Washington churches then, seated . . . — Map (db m118907) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 11 — The Seventh Street Turnpike — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
On July 11 and 12, 1864, this intersection was the center of the only Civil War battle fought in the District of Columbia. Here, Union sharpshooters at Fort Stevens, supported by forces across the northernmost of Washington's ring of forts, . . . — Map (db m123226) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — To Count So High (Beacon), 2017 — Tommy Bobo
Custom software, LED light bulbs, and existing light posts. This year marks the centennial of the first armed forces personnel qualifying for a Purple Heart. Over the last century 1.9 million Americans have been awarded a Purple Heart for loss . . . — Map (db m125298) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Named in honor of Major Walter Reed, pioneer in military medicine. Although first envisioned during the Civil War, it was not until 1909 that an army general hospital was built in Washington. Named in honor of Major Walter Reed, famed for . . . — Map (db m14164) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Walter Reed Army Medical Center — 1 May 1909 - 15 September 2011
Walter Reed Army Medical Center Named in honor of Major Walter Reed, pioneer in military medicine Dedicated September 26, 1977 A.D. Dedicated to Major Walter Reed, who proved the mosquito transmission of . . . — Map (db m143697) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 3 — Walter Reed General Hospital — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
As conceived by Major Borden, the Walter Reed General Hospital campus was to focus around a large hospital and administrative building, with separate and symmetrically arranged outbuildings. In 1905, congressional funding provided for construction . . . — Map (db m143696) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — Walter Reed Memorial
Walter Reed 1851 - 1902 Bacteriologist - Research Scientist In honor of his great work in the fight for the eradication of yellow fever Reverse: Insignia of the Army Medical Corps In recognition of the high public service of . . . — Map (db m68990) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 10 — What a Beautiful Location, Brightwood — Battleground to Community — Brightwood Heritage Trail —
In the 1930s as now, this area was a family friendly, "move-up" destination for hard-working government clerks and professionals. Like many DC neighborhoods, Brightwood had covenants prohibiting sales to certain white ethnics and African . . . — Map (db m72777) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Brightwood — 7 — WRAMC - Modern Era — Former Walter Reed Army Medical Center — Walking Tour —
To keep pace with the advances in medical technology and consolidate patient care in one facility, congressional funds were procured for a new modern hospital facility on the WRAMC campus in 1967. Construction of the New Hospital commenced in 1972, . . . — Map (db m143704) HM

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