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Capitol Hill, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
Several of the President's Trees image, Touch for more information
By Tom Fuchs, January 19, 2008
Several of the President's Trees
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — “The President’s Trees”
Dedicated by Maryland State Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, April 21, 1934. Growing on land that was once a part of Maryland and was in 1790 her gift to the United States of America for the national capitol, the 31 trees in this group . . . — Map (db m4893) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 6 — A Neighborhood For EveryoneTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The buildings near this corner were built during a wave of private development that began after the United States won the Spanish-American War in 1898, and became a world power for the first time. As America flexed its muscles, the world — . . . — Map (db m130725) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936
Acacia Life Insurance Building – 1936 On March 3, 1869, President Andrew Johnson signed the Congressional Act chartering The Masonic Mutual Relief Association that became Acacia Life Insurance Company. Built as its headquarters . . . — Map (db m41886) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Alva Belmont House
Of this House The oldest part is one of the earliest buildings in this region. Robert Sewall bought the property and enlarged the house in 1799, and rebuilt and greatly altered it after war damage in 1814. Residence and office of . . . — Map (db m69271) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — American Legion Post 8
Chartered 1922 In memory of all members of the Armed Forces who served their country American Legion Post 8 Sons of the American Legion Squadron 8 American Legion Auxiliary — Map (db m116123) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 2 — At the CrossroadsTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The large building that wraps around this corner was constructed as a department store in 1892 by Elizabeth A. Haines. She proudly advertised it as "the largest store in the world, built, owned and controlled by a woman." Back then extended . . . — Map (db m130726) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol Hill Presbyterian Church
The Presbytery of the Potomac organized the Capitol Hill Presbyterian Church on April 11, 1864 and installed its organizing pastor, the Reverend John Chester, D.D. This gothic style building was designed by Washington . . . — Map (db m116128) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol SquareHistorical Information
General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmstead, 1874 Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were enlarged in 1872. In 1874 Congress commissioned Frederick Law . . . — Map (db m110448) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol SquareHistorical Information
General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmsted, 1874 Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were enlarged in 1872. In 1874 Congress commissioned Frederick Law . . . — Map (db m111439) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol SquareHistorical Information
1 Summerhouse Constructed in 1879-1880 , the Summerhouse offers visitors a shaded place to rest, admire views of the Capitol, and have a drink of water. Olmstead's principal architectural assistant Thomas Wisedell, was the designer. The . . . — Map (db m111446) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol SquareHistorical Information
1 Summerhouse Constructed in 1879-1880 , the Summerhouse offers visitors a shaded place to rest, admire views of the Capitol, and have a drink of water. Olmstead's principal architectural assistant Thomas Wisedell, was the designer. The . . . — Map (db m111468) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol Square, NWHistorical Information
The Peace Monument By Franklin Simmons, 1878 The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. at the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . — Map (db m111437) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol Square, NWHistorical Information
The Robert A. Taft Memorial Carillon Sculpture by Wheeler Williams Architecture by Douglas W. Orr, 1959 The memorial consists of a 100-foot Tennessee marble tower and a 10-foot bronze statue of Senator Taft. The twenty-seven . . . — Map (db m111460) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol Square, SWHistorical Information
U.S. Botanic Garden Architecture by Bennett, Parsons & Frost, 1933 Easily recognized by the sparkling glass dome of its Conservatory, the U.S. Botanic Garden, overlooking the National Mall, is located near the U.S. Capitol. Visitors . . . — Map (db m110445) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Capitol Square, SWHistorical Information
The Peace Monument By Franklin Simmons, 1878 The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. At the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . — Map (db m110449) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Carolina Theatre1913-1952
Carolina Theatre was located at the southwest corner of Eleventh Street & North Carolina Avenue Razed early 1970s Drawing of entrance on North Carolina Avenue based on plans at the National Archives B.F. Meyers (1865-1940), . . . — Map (db m128222) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 12 — Christ Church and Its ParishionersTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
This is Christ Church, Washington Parish, the first Episcopal church established in Washington City (1794), and attended by Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Quincy Adams. At first Christ Church met in a nearby tobacco warehouse. In 1806 . . . — Map (db m130727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Christ Church, Washington ParishFounded May 25, 1795 — [National Register of Historic Places]
First church in City of Washington. Present edifice dedicated October 8, 1809, by Bishop Thomas J. Claggett, first bishop consecrated on American soil - in New York, 1792. — Map (db m39163) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Christopher Columbus
To the memory of Christopher Columbus whose high faith and indominable courage gave to mankind a new world. Born MCDXXXVI - Died MDIV — Map (db m8603) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 3 — Commerce and CommunityTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The home/music studio of John Esputa, Jr., once occupied the site of 511 Eighth Street (Shakespeare Theatre’s rehearsal hall.) Among Esputa’s students in 1861 was eight-year-old John Philip Sousa, whose irresistible marches made him one of . . . — Map (db m130728) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Cortelyou House1891 — Residence of George B. Cortelyou
This residence was designed by architect Appleton P. Clark, Jr. and built in 1891 for Daniel Birtwell. In 1900, George Bruce Cortelyou occupied the house when he became secretary to President McKinley. Cortelyou continued to serve in public office . . . — Map (db m69292) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Delaware Avenue & Columbus Circle, NEHistorical Information — UNION STATION – Architecture by Daniel Burnham 1908
Designed in the Beaux-Arts style, this was the world's largest train station when it opened - the station and terminal zone originally covered approximately 200 acres and included 75 miles of tracks. For over half a century its coffered ceilings and . . . — Map (db m8442) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Destroying the Library — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The original Library of Congress occupied a room in the U.S. Capitol. When British troops burned the Capitol in 1814, the collection was destroyed. After the war Thomas Jefferson helped re-establish the library by selling to Congress at a . . . — Map (db m80848) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Eastern MarketA Lively Market for a Lively Neighborhood
Established by order of President Thomas Jefferson 1805, this building constructed 1873, designed by Adolf Cluss, additions 1907-8 by Snowden Ashford. Eastern Market, one of three public markets proposed in L’Enfant’s Plan, was established in . . . — Map (db m20358) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ebenezer United Methodist ChurchAfrican American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 400 D Street, SE
Ebenezer United Methodist Church is Capitol Hill’s oldest independent Black congregation. Ebenezer UMC was founded in 1827 by African Americans who left a biracial church on Capitol Hill because the White congregants practiced segregation. The neew . . . — Map (db m30053) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ebenezer United Methodist Church
The first public school for colored children of the District of Columbia. Named Little Ebenezer and located within the boundaries of the Capitol Hill Historic District. Designated a Category II Landmark by the Joint Committee on Landmarks April . . . — Map (db m116119) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 1 — Edge of the RowTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
America’s oldest navy and marine installations are just blocks from where you are standing. This is the northern edge of a Capitol Hill community shaped by the presence of the U.S. military. Eighth Street is its commercial center. The . . . — Map (db m130729) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Fiery Destruction — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
“[The British] put a slow match to the [Sewall] house … and those rockets burst until … they made the rafters fly East and West.” — Enslaved African American diarist and eyewitness, Michael Shiner. As the British . . . — Map (db m87856) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Florida House
This house belongs to and is for the use of the people of the State of Florida. Through their contributions the building was purchased and renovated to create Florida house, the first state house in the Nation’s Capital. It is dedicated to all . . . — Map (db m113706) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Frederick Douglass(1817 - 1895)
Orator - Publisher - Statesman Precursor of the Civil Rights Movement An ex-slave who rose to world renown as an abolitionist and who served in high government posts under presidents Grant through Cleveland, Frederick Douglass resided in this . . . — Map (db m69264) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Freedmen’s Memorial Monument to Abraham Lincolnor Freedom’s Memorial
In grateful memory of Abraham Lincoln. This monument was erected by the Western Sanitary Commission of Saint Louis, Mo., with funds contributed solely by emancipated Citizens of the United States declared free by his Proclamation, January 1st . . . — Map (db m41617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — From June to December, 1917The Occoquan Steps
From June to December 1917 members of the National Woman's Party were imprisoned for picketing the White House to publicize the struggle to win the vote for Women. Those incarcerated in the District of Columbia's workhouse in Occoquan, Virginia . . . — Map (db m71336) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Green Roof Engineering
Once the stone façade and roof are restored, the U.S. Botanic Garden (USBG) will install a new green roof on top of the stone part of the Conservatory. This plant-covered roof will reduce the amount of heat absorbed by the building and decrease the . . . — Map (db m110453)
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Green Roof Plants
Soil depth on a green roof determines the types of plants that can be grown, and the depth of the US Botanic Garden roof will average just 3 inches. Green roofs with shallow soils are referred to as 'extensive', and those with soil at 6 inches or . . . — Map (db m110452)
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 4 — Healing the WoundedTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
In 1866 the Navy completed the hospital you see across the street to treat injured and ailing seamen. With beds for 50, it included the carriage house/stable and cast-iron fence and (around the corner) the gazebo. Its front door originally was . . . — Map (db m130732) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 13 — In the AlleyTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
[Left panel] You are standing in one of Washington’s remaining inhabited alleys, behind the buildings that face G, E (there is no F Street here), Sixth and Seventh streets. In 1897 the alley had 22 tiny dwellings sheltering well over . . . — Map (db m130734) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — James A. Garfield
. . . — Map (db m18602) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Japanese American Memorial to Patriotism During World War II
[Panel 1 of the historical narrative at memorial entrance]: On February 19, 1942, 73 days after the United States entered World War II, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9066 which resulted in the removal of 120,000 . . . — Map (db m40541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — John Philip Sousa(1854 - 1932)
. . . — Map (db m39264) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — John W. HarrodApril 3, 1941 - August 23, 2010
Executive Director of Market 5 Gallery and Kuumba Center at Eastern Market 1973-2008 John Harrod directed Market 5 Gallery and the Kuumba Center after Mayor Walter E. Washington started a neighborhood arts initiative in each ward of . . . — Map (db m116126) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Kootenai National Forest
The forest is in the extreme northwest corner of Montana and northeast Idaho and includes four ranger districts. The background photo is of the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness with views of Little Ibex, Ibex and Lentz Peaks. Managing vegetation and . . . — Map (db m130381) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Latrobe Gate - Tingey House
Latrobe Gate Designed by Benjamin Henry Latrobe in 1804, the gate and flanking guardhouses were constructed in the Greek Revival style. This style became very popular in the young nation, and the original section of the gate represents one of . . . — Map (db m28348) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 14 — Life on the ParkTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
You are standing across from Marion Park, named for Francis Marion, the celebrated South Carolina state senator (1782-1790) who earned the moniker "Swamp Fox" for his brilliant stealth tactics against the British during the Revolutionary War. . . . — Map (db m130735) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Little Ebenezer
As our nation celebrated its 200th anniversary in 1976, Ebenezer United Methodist Church celebrated 138 years of service to God, humanity, country, home, and community. This model is a replica of Little Ebenezer, the frame church that stood on this . . . — Map (db m116122) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Marine Barracks, Washington, D.C."Oldest Post of the Corps"
. . . — Map (db m10833) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Mary McLeod Bethune
1875–1955 Let her works praise her. I leave you love. • I leave you hope. • I leave you the challenge of developing confidence in one another. • I leave you a thirst for education. • I leave you a respect for the use of power. • I . . . — Map (db m5505) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 16 — Meet You At the MarketTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
This is Eastern Market, where for more than a century farm products have drawn shoppers from the neighborhood and around the city. It is Washington's only 19th-century market to remain in continuous operation to this day. Eastern Market is . . . — Map (db m130736) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Nathanael Greene Monument
(Inscription, south face of monument base:) Sacred to the memory of Nathanael Greene, Esquire, a native of the State of Rhode Island who died on the 19th of June 1786 - late Major General in the service of the U.S. . . . — Map (db m30771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Naval MonumentPeace Memorial
In memory of the officers seamen and marines of the United States Navy who fell in defence of the union and liberty of their country 1861-1865 — Map (db m18594) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 5 — Oldest Post of the CorpsTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
On your left is Marine Barracks Washington, D.C., the oldest continuously manned post in the U.S. Marine Corps. The installation was originally designed by architect George Hadfield in 1801 with a central parade ground and housing for 500 . . . — Map (db m130737) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Original Site Of Providence Hospital
Providence Hospital was located on this site during the years 1861 through 1956. Founded in 1861 by the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul from Emmitsburg, Maryland. The Hospital was chartered by an Act of Congress in 1864. During . . . — Map (db m116116) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Power from the WindSustainable Solutions: Residential Wind Turbines
This Skystream 3.7 residential turbine is a new generation of wind generator that hooks directly to your home to reduce or eliminate your monthly electric bill. It’s designed to provide quiet, clean electricity in very low winds. How can a wind . . . — Map (db m49642) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Power from the WindSustainable Solutions: Residential Wind Turbines
You are looking at a Windspire, a vertical-axis wind turbine that generates electricity from wind power. This model produces about 2,000 kWh of electricity a year in an area with average wind speeds of 12 mph (about ¼ the needs of the average . . . — Map (db m49643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Residence of Albert Gallatin
Residence of Albert Gallatin, Peace Negotiator and Secretary of the Treasury 1801-1814, who negotiated the treaty of Ghent, 1814. When the British marched on Washington in the summer of 1814, some American patriots with Commodore Joshua Barney and . . . — Map (db m61571) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Robert A Taft
West side of marker This memorial to Robert A Taft presented by the people to the Congress of the United States stands as a tribute, to the honesty indomitable courage and high principles of free government . . . — Map (db m111449) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 4 — Roll Out the BarrelHub, Home, Heart — Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail
Stuart-Hobson Middle School, one block to the east of this sign, was built in 1927 on the site of an old brewery, one of nearly two dozen that operated in DC after the Civil War. Almost all of the breweries were run by German immigrants who . . . — Map (db m71681) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — St. Mark's Church
[National Register Plaque:] St. Mark's Church Congregation established, 1867 Church construction begun, 1888 Listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior in 1973 . . . — Map (db m116130) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 7 — Strike Up the BandTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
If you are hearing the ringing tones of band music, one of the ensembles of the world-famous United States Marine Band may be practicing inside the Marine Barracks. John Philip Sousa, the neighborhood’s most famous son, spent 19 years . . . — Map (db m130738) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 3 — SwampoodleHub, Home, Heart — — Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail —
This is the western edge of what once was the rough, working-class Swampoodle neighborhood. In the early days the marshy Tiber Creek ran between what are now North Capitol and First Streets, NE. Legend has it that lingering rain puddles . . . — Map (db m130581) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Capitol in Flames — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The U.S. Capitol was the British troop's first target when they arrived in Washington on August 24, 1814, only hours after their afternoon victory at the Battle of Bladensburg. The invaders fired rockets through the Capitol's windows. When the . . . — Map (db m80844) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Freedom Bell
Dedicated to the spirit of the Bicentennial on behalf of the children of our nation. — Map (db m8817) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Minuteman Memorial BuildingROA National Headquarters
The Reserve Officers Association of the United States was founded in 1922 by combat veterans of World War I at the request of their commander, General of the Armies John "Black Jack" Pershing. The Association holds a Congressional Charter to enhance . . . — Map (db m129667) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The National Garden Takes Root10th Anniversary — National Garden
In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed legislation creating the rose as the national floral emblem for the United States. Plans then got underway to find a site to showcase roses in the nation's capital. The U.S. Botanic Garden (USBG) was . . . — Map (db m110456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Old Brick Capitol[Old Capitol Prison] — [U.S. Supreme Court Building National Historic Landmark]
The Old Brick Capitol July 4, 1815 The cornerstone of the Old Brick Capitol built by Washington citizens to house the Congress was laid on this site. The Congress met here from December 13, 1815 through March 3, 1819. President Monroe was . . . — Map (db m39411) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Old Naval Hospital
The Neighborhood This site has been associated with Navy medicine since 1800 when an apothecary shop located here provided medical services to sailors and marines from the nearby Navy Yard and Marine Barracks. Naval Hospital, . . . — Map (db m127966) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Pollinator Partnership
Insects, birds, bats, and even monkeys, lemurs, and a lizard! About 75% of the world's flowering plants depend upon these animals for pollination. Most other plants rely upon wind to carry their pollen grains from plant to plant. Pollination is . . . — Map (db m110454)
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — The Sewall-Belmont House & Museum
one of the oldest residential properties on Capitol Hill, has been the historic headquarters of the National Woman's Party since 1929. Named after Robert Sewall, the original owner of the site, and Alva Belmont, the president and benefactor of the . . . — Map (db m70955) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Torch of Freedom
1776 1976 Out of the past so great to build a greater future in honor and memory of the Veterans of all America's wars who by their service kept the Torch of Freedom burning this monument is dedicated by Veterans of . . . — Map (db m116132) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
Grant — Map (db m18597) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Botanic GardenDirectory
Hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, including holidays For visitor information call (202) 225-8333 www.usbg.gov The United States Botanic Garden (USBG), established by the Congress in 1820 is one of the oldest botanic gardens in North . . . — Map (db m110451) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol — East Front
Front: One of the icons of world architecture, the U.S. Capitol has been the meeting place of Congress since 1800. President George Washington laid the cornerstone on September 18, 1793. While under construction, the the building was . . . — Map (db m111467) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — United States Capitol Grounds
[Diagram of Capitol Square - East and West Plazas] General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmstead, 1874 Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were . . . — Map (db m27891) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — War Garden
The AOC has recreated a War Garden as it would have been during World War I. Materials, planting schedules and methods such as companion planting and succession planting, have been adopted from period publications. The vegetables are primarily . . . — Map (db m111462) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — War Gardens Over the TopLibrary of Congress
World War I Era War Garden In March 1917, the National War Garden Commission urged Americans to help its starving allies in Europe by planting vegetables on lands not generally used for gardening. Civilians across the country pitched in, . . . — Map (db m111463) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 10 — Washington Navy Yard: Maker of WeaponsTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
The white brick wall in front of you marks the original northern boundary of the Navy Yard. The yard grew from its original 12 acres to 128 acres at its peak in 1962. In 2003 it consisted of 73 acres with 55 acres making up the adjacent . . . — Map (db m130739) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Capitol Hill — 9 — Washington Navy Yard: Serving the FleetTour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
In front of you is the main gate of the Washington Navy Yard, established in 1799. It is the U.S. Navy's oldest shore facility in continuous use. Over time, workers here have built and repaired ships and their fittings, designed and developed . . . — Map (db m130740) HM

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