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Chalmette, Louisiana Historical Markers

 
“Where Has Our Equipment Gone?” Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bryan Olson, May 2007
“Where Has Our Equipment Gone?” Marker
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — “Where Has Our Equipment Gone?”
When the assault on the American rampart reached its height, the main British attack force found itself in front of the 44th Regiment which should have been in lead. Discovering that Colonel Mullens and the 44th Regiment had advanced 500 yards . . . — Map (db m6248) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — After the BattleJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
The destruction of their plantation during the Battle of New Orleans left the de Chalmet family in financial trouble. In 1817 brothers Hilaire and Louis St. Amand bought the land. The St. Amands were prominent free people of color who already owned . . . — Map (db m97137) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Attack Along the RiverJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
British plans for a three-pronged attack included capturing the river end of the American rampart. On the morning of January 8, British Major General John Keane sent advance troops with Colonel Robert Rennie along the river road to attack the . . . — Map (db m97134) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Batteries 2 and 3
On January 8, 1815, the guns positioned here fired at British counter batteries located almost ½ mile in front of you. During the battle, these guns caused heavy casualties as the British advanced along the levee road. The troops attacking . . . — Map (db m6218) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Batteries 5 and 6
Fire from these positions played an important role in stopping the British attack on January 8, 1815. The cannons displayed here represent batteries 5 and 6, which defended the center of Major general Jackson’s line. The field carriages were painted . . . — Map (db m6271) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Batteries Five and SixJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Although the middle of the American line never faced a direct attack, its defenders inflicted many of the British casualties suffered during the battle. The cannons here were in an ideal position to fire on the main British force advancing against . . . — Map (db m97181) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Batteries Seven and EightJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
When the British attacked the American rampart during their reconnaisance in force on December 28, they almost succeeded in outflanking the rampart and capturing the American positions at this end of the line. The Americans responded by extending . . . — Map (db m97179) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Batteries Two and ThreeJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Sailors from the USS Carolina and Jean Lafitte's Baratarian pirates manned the cannons at Batteries 2 and 3. General Andrew Jackson had once described the Baratarians as "hellish banditti," but now their artillery experience was invaluable. . . . — Map (db m97131) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Battery 4
The largest artillery piece on the battlefield was a 32-pounder commanded by Navy Lt. John Crawley and served by 24 men from the U.S.S. Carolina. It was removed from the Carolina in early December and was in action here during the . . . — Map (db m6273) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Battery FourJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Battery 4 boasted the rampart's largest gun, a 32-pound naval cannon manned by sailors from the USS Carolina, which had been sunk by British fire on December 27, 1814. During the Battle of New Orleans, the big gun tore gaping holes in the ranks of . . . — Map (db m97183) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Battery One and Forward RedoubtJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Located where the levee now sits, Battery 1 and a redoubt anchored the river end of the American defenses. On January 6, 1815, construction began on the redoubt, an enclosed defensive structure in front of the rampart. On January 8 this area and the . . . — Map (db m97133) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — British BatteriesJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
To support their attacks, the British built several artillery batteries, shown in red on the map. The largest was the Advanced Battery with 10 cannons behind a low rampart of earth filled sugar casks and rammed earth. Built near the center of what . . . — Map (db m97173) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — British Strategy
Major general Edward Pakenham’s final plan was to charge Major General Jackson’s position before daylight, to reduce the effectiveness of American artillery fire. The plan was complicated and depended on split-second timing and coordination. The . . . — Map (db m6243) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Chalmet PlantationJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
In June 1813 Ignace Delino de Chalmet purchased a sugar plantation that began at Rodriguez Canal and extended along the river for about a mile. The property was typical of many plantations and included 25 slaves, a great house, and outbuildings. To . . . — Map (db m97128) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Chalmette Monument
[Main Marker]: This monument was erected by the State of Louisiana and the United States to commemorate the memorable victory won here by General Andrew Jackson and the men under his command in the Battle of New Orleans, January 8, 1815. . . . — Map (db m59218) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Chalmette MonumentJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
The construction of a monument honoring Andrew Jackson and his troops was the first step in recognizing the importance of the battlefield and saving it for future generations. In 1852 the Louisiana legislature appropriated funds to purchase land at . . . — Map (db m97212) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Chalmette National Cemetery
Chalmette National Cemetery was established in 1864 as a burial place for Union soldiers who died in the gulf area during the Civil War. It also served as the site for reburials of soldiers from battlefield cemeteries in the region. This plot of . . . — Map (db m97175) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Chalmette Plantation
Named for Ignace Francois Martin de Lino de Chalmet (1755-1815), veteran of the American Revolution. Attained the rank of captain of infantry in the Spanish Army; retired about 1794. Purchased plantations below New Orleans and began acquisition of . . . — Map (db m97189) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — FazendevilleJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Jean Pierre Fazende, a free man of color and New Orleans grocer, inherited land within the battlefield in 1857. After the Civil War, he divided it and sold it to freed slaves from local plantations. Eventually the community grew to more than 200 . . . — Map (db m97172) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — In Memory of Major Samuel Spotts U.S.A.
Who shot the first gun at the Battle of New Orleans. Jan. 8, 1815. Third Regiment Seventh Battery Artillery Corp. Born Nov. 30, 1788 in Philadelphia PA Died July 11, 1833 in New Orleans Louisiana. — Map (db m6222) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Lethal Exposure
The January 8 British plan proved easier conceived than to execute. Due to numerous delays, the attack did not start on time. About dawn, a rocket soared above the British lines near the woods on your right, followed by another rocket from their . . . — Map (db m6244) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Pakenham's FallJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
As the attack began to fail, British commander Sir Edward Pakenham rode forward to rally his troops. Under intense fire, both Pakenham and his horse were hit less than 40 yards from the American line. He quickly mounted an aide's horse but was shot . . . — Map (db m97176) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Plantation of Pierre Denis De La Ronde(1762-1824)
Command Colonel Third Regiment of Louisiana in the Battle of New Orleans night skirmish of December 23, 1814, fought on the grounds of this and adjoining plantations. Main house served as temporary British headquarters and hospital January 8, 1815. . . . — Map (db m99296) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Redoubt and Battery 1
The main American position was nearing completion when a redoubt was constructed at the extreme right of the American line. It contained two artillery pieces that could rake the levee and canal. On the morning of January 5, 1815, 2000 British . . . — Map (db m6219) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Roads and DitchesJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
The battle took place on agricultural fields crisscrossed by drainage and irrigation ditches. British commander Sir Edward Pakenham probably launched his main attack from behind the cover of the First Ditch. Some troops advanced and later withdrew . . . — Map (db m97174) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Rodriguez Canal
This depression is the trace of an early mill race that divided the Chalmette and Macarty plantations. By the time of the Battle of New Orleans it was no longer in use and its banks had fallen in. Jackson’s men built their mud rampart behind the . . . — Map (db m6223) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Rodriguez CanalJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
Built as a mill race that provided water to power a sawmill, by 1815 the Rodriguez Canal had long been abandoned. With its collapsed banks and grass-covered bottom, the canal resembled a ditch more than a waterway, but it provided a perfect . . . — Map (db m97125) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Rodriguez Plantation and Macarty HouseJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
The Rodriguez and Macarty plantations served as the American camp during the Battle of New Orleans. Major General Andrew Jackson used the upper floors of the Macarty house as his headquarters and observation post, allowing him to monitor British . . . — Map (db m97127) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The 93rd ObliqueJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
As the main attack on the swamp end of the American line began to falter, British commander Sir Edward Pakenham ordered Major General John Keane to redirect British forces from the river road assault to help. Nearly a thousand soldiers of the 93rd . . . — Map (db m97171) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The Battle Ends
Seeing the massive disorder in Major General Gibbs’ column, Major General Pakenham rode forward. While attempting to rally his troops and get the stalled attack underway, Pakenham was mortally wounded a few yards from this site. Major General . . . — Map (db m6251) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The Battle on the West Bank
Discovering American militia and artillery on the west bank of the Mississippi River, British General Pakenham ordered Lieutenant Colonel William B. Thornton to lead an attack force across the river. Thornton was to capture the American guns and . . . — Map (db m6221) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The Kentucky Rifle
The longrifle, a distinctly American weapon developed on the frontier for accuracy and distance, was produced mainly in Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, and Tennessee. It became known as the Kentucky rifle after the popular song "The Hunters of . . . — Map (db m97187) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The Main AttackJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
At dawn frontiersmen from Tennessee and Kentucky militias stood ready on the American line's swamp end. British commander Sir Edward Packenham concentrated his main attack here under Major General Sir Samuel Gibbs, expecting the American volunteers . . . — Map (db m97177) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The Malus-Beauregard HouseJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
The first owner of the Malus-Beauregard House was Madeleine Pannetier Malus, a widow who purchased land from the St. Amand brothers when they divided the Chalmet plantation into small tracts in 1832. Malus built a French Colonial house in 1833 or . . . — Map (db m97135) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — The West Bank AssaultJean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve
On December 25, 1814, American Major General Andrew Jackson began fortifying the Mississippi River's west bank. By January 8 it was defended by nearly a thousand Kentucky and Louisiana militiamen and several artillery batteries, some armed with . . . — Map (db m97132) HM
Louisiana (Saint Bernard Parish), Chalmette — Versailles Oaks
These Versailles Oaks Were planted in 1783 by Pierre Denis De La Ronde Born New Orleans, April 20, 1762 Died December 2, 1824 Here he also built a French Colonial residence He was Lieut. at conquest of W. Florida. Military Commandant . . . — Map (db m99230) HM

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