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Charles Town, West Virginia Historical Markers

 
Beallair Mansion image, Touch for more information
By Beverly Pfingsten, September 26, 2008
Beallair Mansion
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Beallair"
Colonel Lewis Washington, who lived here, was one of the hostages captured by John Brown in 1859 in his raid on Harpers Ferry. When captured, Brown wore a sword, once owned by George Washington, taken from this home. (1 Mi. N.). — Map (db m12066) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Blakeley"
Home of General Washington's grandnephew, John Augustine Washington, who later became the owner of Mount Vernon. "Blakeley", built about 1820, was partially burned a few years later and then rebuilt in it present form. (1 1/2 Mi.W.) — Map (db m12640) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — "Claymont Court"
Bushrod Corbin Washington, grandnephew of General George Washington, built this home in 1820. It was destroyed by fire, 1838, and rebuilt. Later it was the home of Frank R. Stockton, novelist, who here wrote his last book. (2 Mi. SW) — Map (db m12636) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Cameron's Depot Engagement"What news now?" — 1864 Valley Campaign
(Preface): The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley begun in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early's Washington Raid in July. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, defeated . . . — Map (db m58472) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — 1983 — Cedar Lawn
1½ mi. S is 1825 home of John T. A. Washington, a great nephew of the 1st president. Land part of “Harewood” plot of Sam’l Washington, a brother of George. Original site of 1780 home “Berry Hill.” — Map (db m1912) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town
Founded in 1786 by Charles Washington, brother of the President. Here John Brown was tried and convicted of treason. Home of W. L. Wilson, Postmaster General, 1896, who here started the first rural free delivery in America. — Map (db m1650) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Post OfficeJefferson County Jail
On the site of this Post Office stood the Jefferson County Jail where John Brown and his fellow prisoners were confined after their raid on Harpers Ferry in October 1859. After court trial John Brown was taken from the Jail here to his death on . . . — Map (db m2027) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Town Schools

Following the election in 1846, Jefferson County became one of the first counties in Virginia to approve free schools for white students. Prior to that time boys and girls paid to attend private academies. The county was divided into 27 . . . — Map (db m103644) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Charles Washington's Town
You now stand in the center of a town that is almost as old as the United States, laid out on 80 acres of Washington lands in 1786 - four years before the First President took office. Charles Washington, youngest of the five brothers of the General, . . . — Map (db m12600) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Colonel Charles Washington
Exitus Acta Probat. 1738–1799. In Memory of Colonel Charles Washington, brother of General George Washington and founder of Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia) in 1786. The four corner lots at Washington and George Streets were . . . — Map (db m2029) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Confederate Soldiers of Jefferson County1861 - 1865
In honor and memory of the Confederate soldiers of Jefferson County, who served in the War Between the States. — Map (db m41727) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Davenport Brothers Revolutionary War Memorial

To the Glory of Patriotism In memory of Abraham Davenport and his wife Mary Simms. Their seven sons were soldiers of the American Revolution ——————— Stephen, Abraham, John, . . . — Map (db m103512) WM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Edge Hill CemeteryJohn Brown Raid Victims
Edge Hill Cemetery contains the graves of Fontaine Beckham and John Avis, two participants in the saga of John Brown’s Raid in October 1859. Beckham was the mayor of Harpers Ferry then and one of four civilian casualties. Ironically, though John . . . — Map (db m41672) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Etter Hall

In 1799, prominent Charles Town resident Samuel Washington sold the two lots that house this building to James Duke, a freed indentured servant. Eventually, physician Charles Taylor Richardson took ownership of the land and property. Dr. . . . — Map (db m103606) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Etter Hall

Etter Hall is named after American Public University System's (APUS) founder, Major James P. Etter. Major Etter served in the United States Marines for twenty-one years. He served two tours in Vietnam and received two Purple Hearts. Major Etter . . . — Map (db m103607) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Explore the Washington Heritage Trail / Afoot in Historic Charles Town
Side A Explore the Washington Heritage Trail George Washington knew the portion of the Shenandoah Valley that forms West Virginia's Eastern Panhandle well. The Washington Heritage Trail lets you drive the scenic backroads that join . . . — Map (db m12596) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Focus of ActionJefferson County in the Civil War
Jefferson County’s association with significant events in Civil War history began in October 1859, when abolitionist John Brown raided the U.S. Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Quickly captured, Brown and his followers were brought here to Charles Town . . . — Map (db m41671) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Freedom's Call — (Original Marker)
Grave of Robert Rutherford, member of committee which in 1775 replied to orders of Lord Dunmore for Virginians to join British army or be held as rebels. This defiance was a gauntlet hurled at Dunmore's feet. (1 1/2 Mi. N. E.) — Map (db m12624) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Freedom's Call — (New Marker)
Grave of Robert Rutherford, member of committee which in 1775 replied to orders of Lord Dunmore for Virginians to join British army or be held as rebels. This defiance was a gauntlet hurled at Dunmore's feet. (1 1/2 Mi. NE) — Map (db m12630) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Upshur Manning
. . . — Map (db m103526) WM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — George Washington Turner

There sleeps beneath all that was mortal of GEORGE W. TURNER Born at Wheatland in the County of Jefferson Jany. 11th 1814. Graduated at West Point 1831, and fell nobly maintaining the rights of his State at . . . — Map (db m103553) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Happy Retreat
Now called Mordington, home of Colonel Charles Washington, founder of Charles Town, Virginia (now West Virginia). His brother General George Washington often visited him here. Colonel Washington died in September 1799. He and his wife Mildred are . . . — Map (db m12070) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Harewood
Erected in 1771. The home of Colonel Samuel Washington, County Lieutenant. His brother General George Washington visited here and General Lafayette and Luis Phillipe of France were entertained here. In this house James Madison and Dolly Payne Todd . . . — Map (db m1914) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Hollis Pump1840
Famous watering site for the Union Soldiers and Horses during War between the States. Restored 1967 by Charles Town Women's Club Restored 1987 b Charles Town Women's Club, City Council & Bicentennial Committee — Map (db m58627) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Iron Furnaces
Thomas Mayberry agreed in 1742 to erect iron furnaces on the property of William Vestal. Here ore was mined and iron produced for the first time west of the Blue Ridge. Washington visited the iron furnaces here in 1760. — Map (db m59576) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County / State of Virginia
(East Facing Side): Jefferson County Formed in 1801 from Berkeley. Named for Thomas Jefferson. Home of Generals Gates, Drake, and Charles Lee. Here four companies of Washington’s men organized. Shepherdstown was strongly urged as a . . . — Map (db m1949) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County CourthouseWhere John Brown Was Tried
In this courthouse, John Brown, the abolitionist, was tried and found guilty of treason, conspiracy and murder. He was hanged four blocks from here on December 2, 1859. • Visitors are Welcome. — Map (db m1742) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Jefferson County World War II Memorial
In honor and memory of the men and women of Jefferson County who served their country in World War II • 1701 served • 31 died • — Map (db m41729) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Hanging SiteCreation of a Martyr — Prelude to War
This is where seven men were hanged in December 1859 and March 1860 for their part in John Brown’s Raid on Harpers Ferry. The scaffold stood here in a large field. A month after the trial, on December 2, 1859, John Brown was the first to die. He . . . — Map (db m41650) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Brown Scaffold
Within these grounds a short distance east of this marker is the site of the scaffold on which John Brown, leader of the Harpers Ferry raid, was executed December the Second, 1859. — Map (db m12603) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Thomas Markerof Star Lodge #1, Charles Town
Erected by Most Worshipful Prince Hall Grand Lodge of West Virginia, Free and Accepted Masons, Incorporated In tribute to John Thomas Marker of Star Lodge #1, Charles Town First Most Worshipful Grand Master 1881 The Most Worshipful Grand Lodge of . . . — Map (db m10645) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — John Yates
Jefferson County, Virginia placed this stone originally in a schoolhouse near Shepherdstown as a tribute to · · John Yates · · The founder of the Free School System in this county Moved to its present location 1937. [ Lower Marker: . . . — Map (db m41726) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Lock Graveyard Memorial

Lock Graveyard relocated by W.V.D.O.H. from the Flynn Farm on the north side of Harper's Ferry Pike, east of Charles Town, W.V. February 27, 1989 — Map (db m103493) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Locust HillHome of Lucy Washington Packette — Built 1849
When George Washington surveyed his brother Samuel’s Berkeley County land in preparation for the building of Harwood, the property included a sizable portion which has since been separated from the Harwood Estate. Dr. Samuel Washington, Colonel . . . — Map (db m58879) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Major James Gibson

Major James Gibson Son of Andrew Gibson and Sarah Hopkins, was born August 10, 1776, at Lancaster, Penna. Came to Winchester, Virginia with his parents in 1779. Commissioned by Governor Cabell in 1807 Captain of Hampshire . . . — Map (db m103494) HM WM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Martin R. Delany

Free African-American, born 1812 in Charles Town. Died 1885. Ability to read forced family to move to PA in 1822. Studied medicine and attended Harvard in 1850. Published Mystery, first black newspaper west of Allegh. 1843-47, & . . . — Map (db m12639) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Martin Robinson Delany
Erected in tribute to Martin Robinson Delany Born free May 6, 1812 Lawrence and North Streets Charles Town, VA (W VA) Son of Samuel Delay (slave) and Patti Peace Delany (free) grandson of African prince Prince Hall Mason physician, scientist, . . . — Map (db m12646) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — New Central Restaurant
Washington Hall, the building in which this restaurant is located, was destroyed by fire started by Union soldiers in the Civil War. It was restored by the people of Charles Town in 1874. The first floor was used as a market house from the time the . . . — Map (db m2028) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Old Stone House / Star Lodge No. 1
Old Stone House Star Lodge No. 1 and Queen of the Valley Lodge No. 1558, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, two African-American fraternal organizations, bought Old Stone House in 1885. Star Lodge sole owner since 1927. One of oldest extant . . . — Map (db m24678) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Peter Burr House
Built in 1751 by Peter Burr, cousin of Aaron Burr, on a grant of 480 acres from Lord Fairfax. The house is one of the state's oldest frame structures. It is a fine example of a mid-18th century Virginia family homestead which traces its origins to . . . — Map (db m12644) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Richwood Hall
The original brick house was built on land owned by Lawrence Augustine Washington, the son of Samuel Washington, George’s brother. The present mansion-house, in an excellent state of preservation, was built about 1825. During the battle of Cameron’s . . . — Map (db m1885) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Ruins of St. George’s Chapel
This chapel was built by devout people of (then) Frederick Parish. Frederick County, Virginia joined Col. Robert Worthington in completing it in 1769. It was first called the English Church, then Berkeley Church, then Norborne Chapel, as the parish . . . — Map (db m2026) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Rutherford House“Go in!” — 1864 Valley Campaign
<Preface:> The Federal offensive in the Shenandoah Valley began in May 1864 faltered in the summer with Confederate victories and Gen. Jubal A. Early’s Washington Raid in July. Union General Philip H. Sheridan took command in August, . . . — Map (db m41661) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Sergeant Littleton Tazewell Cordell

Serg't Littleton Tazewell Cordell Mar. 22. 1882 - Oct. 23. 1918. 110th. Bat. Mach. Gun Co. 29th. Div. Blue & Gray. Killed in Action at Battle of Etraye Ridge, Argonne Forest. France. "In life loved, in death remembered" By . . . — Map (db m103573) WM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Site of the Execution of John Brown
Site of the execution on Dec. 2, 1859, of John Brown, leader of the raid at Harper’s Ferry. — Map (db m62250) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Confederate Dead

Erected to the memory of the Confederate Dead April 26, 1871 by the Lee Memorial Association of Jefferson County ——————— There's grandeur in graves, there's glory in gloom For out . . . — Map (db m103464) WM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Stribling Housecirca 1840
Union General Philip Sheridan used this home as his headquarters during the Civil War. On the 17th of September, 1862 Sheridan met Gen. U.S. Grant here to plan the 1864 Shenandoah Valley Campaign. — Map (db m41725) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — The Trial of John BrownJefferson County Courthhouse — Prelude to War

One of the most famous trials in American history was held in this building in 1859, when John Brown and his followers faced charges of treason against Virginia, inciting slaves to rebel, and murder. Judge Richard Parker presided.

The trial . . . — Map (db m103446) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Two Treason Trials
Jefferson County's Most Famous Trial In the room immediately behind this wall, the abolitionist John Brown and five of his raiders were tried for treason against the state of Virginia, murder and inciting slaves to rebel. Brown had led 21 men . . . — Map (db m21767) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Veterans Memorial

In Memoriam

Dedicated to the memory of men and women who served in the Armed Forces of our country. — Map (db m103466) WM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Washington's Land
The "Bullskin" or Rock Hall Tract, the first land owned by George Washington in West Virginia, was surveyed by him Nov. 24, 1750. Bought from Captain Rutherford, it became a part of Washington's 2,233-acre tract in this area. — Map (db m12633) HM
West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Williams House

The Williams House was built between 1900 and 1914 by the Blum family as their private residence. After moving to Charles Town, Dr. Leah Mildred Williams, a female physician, purchased the home in 1954. Dr. Williams began her family medical . . . — Map (db m103643) HM

West Virginia (Jefferson County), Charles Town — Zion Episcopal ChurchyardNotable Occupants
The present church, the fourth on this site, was completed in 1851. Federal troops occupied it during the Civil War and severely damaged it. The churchyard contains the graves of many Washington family descents. They are buried near the eastern . . . — Map (db m41675) HM

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