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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Columbia Heights, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
The marker is inside the fenced in area of the park. image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, December 26, 2017
The marker is inside the fenced in area of the park.
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Changing Landscape
For nearly a century, between 1862 and 1962, streetcars in Washington, D.C. carried people across the District. The first streetcars were drawn by horses and could only carry people short distances, but the introduction of the electric streetcars, . . . — Map (db m111927) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 3 — A City in Itself — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Columbia Heights by the mid 1920s was a center of white elite activity and commerce. The elegant, Neoclassical style Riggs Bank branch and the Italian Renaissance style Tivoli Theater opened to great acclaim. Soon after, radio station WRC moved . . . — Map (db m130743) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Gathering Place for Washingtonians — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Since Meridian Hill Park opened in 1936, Washingtonians from diverse neighborhoods surrounding the park have gathered here for performances, community events, and political protest. When tens of thousands of people flocked to Washington D.C. in . . . — Map (db m63643) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — A Hilltop for Heroes and Horse Thieves — Meridian Hill Park National Historic Landmark
It is perhaps no surprise that Commodore David Porter, hero of the War of 1812, chose Meridian Hill on which to build his estate. From this knoll, Porter had a direct line of sight to the President's mansion. Though no match for the grand buildings . . . — Map (db m63740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 2 — Amusement Palace — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
The intersection of 14th Street and Park Road has been the center of community life since at least 1871, when the neighborhood was called Mount Pleasant and storekeeper George Emery made his living on the northwest corner to your left. Emery's . . . — Map (db m130744) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — An American Meridian — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Thomas Jefferson Believed the surveyor's of the nation's capital city should set a new American Meridian, a north-south line running through both poles and the American continent. This reference line, longitude 0° 0°, would aid navigation, . . . — Map (db m63770) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Art for the People — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Congress ordered sculptures installed at Meridian Hill Park long before the park's completion. So many sculptures were authorized that Horace Peaslee, the park's architect, called for a moratorium on installations. He told the Commission of the Fine . . . — Map (db m63658) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Buchanan
. . . — Map (db m24150) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Campus to Army Camps and Back Again — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
President Monroe singed a charter in 1821 that established Columbian College on a site north of Florida Avenue between 14th and 15th Streets, Columbian College moved to Foggy Bottom in 1912 and became George Washington University, but the original . . . — Map (db m63771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Charles R. Drew and Lenore Robbins Drew — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 3324 Sherman Avenue, NW, Apartment 1
Dr. Charles R. Drew (1904-1950), renowned for his blood plasma research, was associated with Howard University College of Medicine during most of his career. In 1941 Drew joined a national effort to set up a blood banking process but left because . . . — Map (db m65523) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 15 — College Hill — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Wayland Seminary opened in Foggy Bottom just after the Civil War to train formerly enslaved people and others as “preachers and teachers for the South” and as missionaries to evangelize Africa. In 1875 it moved here, later merging . . . — Map (db m130745) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 5 — Community Builders — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Harry Wardman, Washington's prolific developer, built nearly all of the 300 houses to your right between Monroe Street and Spring Road. Wardman, an English immigrant and self-made millionaire, became known for his rowhouses, whose front porches . . . — Map (db m130746) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Creating the "City Beautiful" — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
At the beginning of its second century, the nation's capital was changing dramatically. In 1902, the United States Senate adopted a number of recommendations from the Senate Park Commission, popularly known as the McMillan Commission. By 1910, a . . . — Map (db m63940) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Design Challenges — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Limited funds and dramatic change in elevation at the Meridian Hill Park site -- falling 75 feet from north to south -- challenged the Commission of Fine Arts and their designers. The 16th Street edge required massive retaining walls to transition . . . — Map (db m63944) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Drum and Spear Bookstore Site — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 1371 Fairmont Street, NW
The Drum and Spear Bookstore, founded in 1968 by Charlie Cobb, a former secretary for the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, specialized in books written by black authors, and books on Asian, African, and African American subjects. Growing . . . — Map (db m85756) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Elder Spirit — Everyday People Columbia Heights Art on Call
Youth from the Latin American Youth Center - Art + Media House used cameras and microphones to explore the changing faces of Columbia Heights’ people and places. Collaborating with community artists, youth researched neighborhood history, . . . — Map (db m126148)
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Everyday People — Columbia Heights Art on Call — World in the Park
Youth from the Latin American Youth Center–Art + Media House used cameras and microphones to explore the changing faces of Columbia Heights' people and places. Collaborating with community artists, youth researched neighborhood history, . . . — Map (db m111852) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Francis L. Cardozo High School — 1928
Organized September 1928 at M Street and New York Avenue Moved February 19, 1933 to Ninth Street and Rhode Island Avenue, N.W. Moved August 1950 to Thirteenth and Clifton Street, N.W. — Map (db m23651) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 8 — Girard Street Elites — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
The 1100 and 1200 blocks of Girard Street once were home to a “Who’s Who” of African American leaders. This and nearby “double-blocks” are the heart of John Sherman’s Columbia Heights subdivision. By placing all houses . . . — Map (db m130747) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Growing Strong — Everyday People Columbia Heights Art on Call
Youth from the Latin American Youth Center - Art + Media House used cameras and microphones to explore the changing faces of Columbia Heights’ people and places. Collaborating with community artists, youth researched neighborhood history, . . . — Map (db m126149)
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — James Buchanan — Diplomat, Statesman, and Fifteenth President of the United States — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Buchanan was our only bachelor president and relied upon his orphaned niece, Harriet Lane, to act as his First Lady during his years in the White House (1857 to 1861). In her estate, Harriet Lane Johnson made a bequest to fund a memorial to her . . . — Map (db m63631) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 9 — Justice vs. Injustice — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
These elegant 13th Street houses were constructed when racial separation was legal and widely accepted. In 1910 the deeds for many houses across 13th Street had covenants banning “any negro or colored persons.” Those on this side . . . — Map (db m130748) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 18 — Literary Lights — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
"A Black world in which a wonderful democracy of conditions prevailed — waitresses, doctors, preachers, winos, teachers, numbers runners and funeral directors, prostitutes and housewives, cabdrivers and laborers all lived as neighbors." . . . — Map (db m130749) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 1 — Main Street — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Fourteenth Street has always been the business backbone of Columbia Heights. Beginning in the 1890s, electric streetcars dropped passengers at nearly every corner, attracting commerce. By 1925 storefronts occupied the blocks between Euclid and . . . — Map (db m130750) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 16 — Mansions, Parks, and People — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
On your right is Josephine Butler Parks Center, home of Washington Parks & People, a network of groups devoted to DC and its parks. The network's 1927 mansion, which once housed the Hungarian delegation, was part of an embassy row envisioned by . . . — Map (db m130751) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Mix of Cultures — Everyday People Columbia Heights Art on Call
Youth from the Latin American Youth Center—Art + Media House used cameras and microphones to explore the changing faces of Columbia Heights' people and places. Collaborating with community artists, youth researched neighborhood history, . . . — Map (db m129069) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 8 — Mount Pleasant: The Immigrants' Journey
Low cost housing in Mount Pleasant in the decades following World War II made it an ideal place for immigrants to the area. Refugees fleeing World War II and the Cold War in Eastern Europe were the first group to arrive. A small Czech community . . . — Map (db m130866) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Moving between Old and New — Everyday People Columbia Heights Art on Call
Youth from the Latin American Youth Center—Art + Media House used cameras and microphones to explore the changing faces of Columbia Heights' people and places. Collaborating with community artists, youth researched neighborhood history, . . . — Map (db m129027) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 7 — Nob Hill — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
For Nearly 50 Years, this corner was home to Nob Hill Restaurant, one of the nation's first openly gay bars for-and run by-African Americans. Started in the 1950s as a private social club, Nob Hill went public in 1957. Patrons enjoyed . . . — Map (db m86014) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 10 — On the Heights — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
In the days of legally segregated public education (1862-1954), this school building was Central High, the gem of the School Board’s white division. But by 1949, it had few students, as the post-World War II suburban housing boom had drawn . . . — Map (db m130752) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Park Designers — Meridan Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Noted landscape architects George Burnap and Horace Peaslee, who worked in the Office of Public Buildings and Grounds, designed Meridian Hill Park under the guidance of the Commission of Fine Arts. By 1914, Burnap had completed his basic design: a . . . — Map (db m63952) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 14 — Pitts Motor Hotel — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
The Pitts Motor Hotel, formerly located at 1451 Belmont Street, lingers in memory for two reasons. In the 1960s it was a gathering place of Civil Rights movement leaders. Later it became a "welfare hotel." In March 1968 the Reverend Dr. Martin . . . — Map (db m63706) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 17 — Social Justice — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
Straight ahead is All Souls Church, Unitarian, long known for its social activism, starting with abolitionism in the 1820s and ranging through nuclear disarmament and interracial cooperation. During the segregation era, All Souls was one of the . . . — Map (db m130753) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — The Fedora
In 1920, Washington D. C. was home to the largest African American Community in the country. Numerous venues in the U Street area showcased prominent musicians and politicians of the day. On this site stood the Pitts Motel and its Red Carpet Lounge. . . . — Map (db m63678) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 19 — The Latino Intelligence Center — Cultural Convergence — Columbia Heights Heritage Trail
This block is home to some of the largest Latino organizations in the city, all founded as migration from Central America and the Caribbean increased in the 1970s. Several began with a boost from Cavalry United Methodist Church at 1459 Columbia . . . — Map (db m130754) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — The Wilson Center
To The Glory of God And in grateful memory of one of his servants This building devoted to Christian education Is named for Woodrow Wilson President of Princeton University 1902 — 1910 Governor of the state of New Jersey . . . — Map (db m82615) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — 7 — Turbulence and Change — The '50s and '60s
On May 17, 1954, the U.S. Supreme Court made its historic decision in Brown vs. Board of Education to end segregation in public schools. One of the lawsuits that made up this decision involved the DC schools, and the following September, . . . — Map (db m130863) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Visionary and Park Champion — Meridian Hill Park, National Historic Landmark
Meridian Hill Park might never have been built had it not been for the determination of Mary Foote Henderson (1846 - 1931). For 22 years, she lobbied Congress for funds to buy the land and build the park. Congress's 1910 vote to authorize . . . — Map (db m63934) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Columbia Heights — Washington Meridian — "The Stone" — 1804 - 1923
The stone marking the Washington Meridian was formerly located 52 feet, nine inches west of this tablet which was presented by the Army and Navy Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m82518) HM

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