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Croom, Maryland Historical Markers

 
African-Americans at Mount Calvert Marker image, Touch for more information
By F. Robby, August 19, 2013
African-Americans at Mount Calvert Marker
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — African-Americans at Mount Calvert
A Tobacco-based Ecomony For more than 200 years, slave-based tobacco plantations dominated the economy of Prince George's County. After the county seat moved from Mount Calvert to Upper Marlboro in 1721, Mount Calvert was the center of a large . . . — Map (db m68289) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Aviation HistoryColumbia Air Center
In 1941, aviation history was made when the first Black owned and operated airfield licensed in America opened on this site. Mr. John W. Greene, Jr., a pioneer in Black aviation, was instrumental in developing the airfield, originally called . . . — Map (db m6394) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — BellefieldsFormerly Sim's Delight
Built after 1720 by Dr. Patrick Sim, who fled Scotland after the 1715 Rebellion to settle in this country. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas and Barbara Dent Brooke of nearby Brookefield Manor. c. 1728. Colonel Joseph Sim, their oldest son, . . . — Map (db m69387) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Billingsley's Point
At Billingsley's Point, just north of Mount Calvert, archaeologists have recovered thousands of artifacts from both the American Indian and colonial periods. American Indian Legacy American Indians inhabited Billingsley for at least 8,000 . . . — Map (db m68290) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Blown to AtomsStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
A series of explosions rocked the Patuxent on August 22, 1814. Commodore Joshua Barney’s armed barges had eluded the British until their escape ended in the shallows of the river. His orders were clear: destroy the flotilla to keep it from enemy . . . — Map (db m61398) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Charles Town
Near this place the first courthouse in Prince George's County was erected in 1698, which served as the center of county government until 1721, when the county seat was moved to Upper Marlborough. The village of Charles Town was built on a tract of . . . — Map (db m68085) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Chesapeake Beach Railway
A Day at the Beach In the late 1800s, the expansion of railroad and steamboat lines made it possible for middle-class Americans to being enjoying summer excursions. During the period of segregation, Calvert County's Chesapeake Beach was a . . . — Map (db m68292) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Columbia Air Center
Columbia Air Center provided access to aviation for African American pilots during an era of discrimination. It began operations in 1941 as Riverside Field with one east-west turf runway an office and a hangar. The land was leased by pilot John W. . . . — Map (db m105996) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Croom
Christopher Rousby patented Croome in 1671. Home of Thomas John Claggett (1743-1816). First Episcopal Bishop of Maryland (1792), First Protestant Bishop consecrated in the United States, And first Chaplain of the US Senate. In August 1814 British . . . — Map (db m79930) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Enemy BluffStar-Spangled Banner Historic Trail
On August 22, 1814, American Brigadier General William Winder Spotted the enemy invasion force approaching this church, then called Page Chapel. The British marched west toward Bellefields, Woodyard, and Fort Washington, then doubled back . . . — Map (db m75349) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — First Americans at Mount Calvert
Melting Ice, Rising Seas American Indians arrived in this region at the end of the last Ice Age (12000-15000 years ago). As the earth warmed and the ice melted, sea levels rose dramatically. By 5,000 years ago, ancient lands and rivers once . . . — Map (db m68294) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Man and the RiverFootprints Along the Shore
The shores of the Patuxent River bear evidence of human habitation dating back more than 8,000 years. Along the River many tribes of Indians practiced primitive farming, pottery making, and hunting with bow and arrow. The New World colonists . . . — Map (db m6613) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Merkle Wildlife Sanctuary
The Merkle Wildlife Sanctuary was established in 1970 here along the Patuxent River in Prince George's County. It is named for Edgar Merkle who owned a large part of the land and who originated a breeding plan to re-introduce gees to this part of . . . — Map (db m68082) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Mount Calvert Federal Period Plantation House
The house you see before you was the home of several plantation owners. John Brown built the Federal-style house in the 1780s. Later, John Brooks and Samuel Berry lived here with their families. Each owner left his imprint by making changes to the . . . — Map (db m68297) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park
A Confluence of Three Cultures Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park overlooks the confluence of the Patuxent River and the Western Branch. A series of interpretive panels, describes the archaeological and historical resources from . . . — Map (db m68298) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park
A Confluence of Three Cultures Mount Calvert Historical and Archaeological Park overlooks the confluence of the Patuxent River and the Western Branch. A series of interpretive panels, describes the archaeological and historical resources from . . . — Map (db m68299) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Mount Calvert Manor
1000 Acres in Mount Calvert Hundred Patented 17 February 1658 to Philip Calvert, Esq. Youngest son of George, 1st Baron of Baltimore, who was granted a lordship with seignorial rights of a Court Baron with all Royalties and Privileges Most Usually . . . — Map (db m68300) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Mount Calvert, Early Town
Colonial Settlement It is hard to imagine, but Mount Calvert was once a busy port town of a frontier community. After the Colony of Maryland was created in 1634, colonists began seeking land grants along the Upper Patuxent River. In 1658 . . . — Map (db m68301) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — St. Simon's Episcopal Mission
One of three Episcopal congregations in southern Maryland created after the Civil War for African Americans. Founded ca. 1892 as a Sunday school by Rev. Francis P. Willes and his sisters. Later became a mission of the Episcopal Diocese of . . . — Map (db m3619) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — St. Simon's Mission, 1896St. Thomas' Episcopal Parish
Here met St. Simon's Mission for African-Americans 1902-1964. Begun 1896 by the Willes family, church building moved here in 1902. Land, once part of John Eversfield's estate Hackthorne Heath, purchased by Susan Willes from the Hooe family. Pauli . . . — Map (db m68478) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — St. Thomas' Parish Church
Side A Successor to the 17th century Anglican Church at Mount Calvert, this cruciform, brick church was authorized in 1732 and completed in 1745 during the rectorate of John Eversfield, 1728-1780. Built by Daniel Page it served as chapel of . . . — Map (db m3620) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The Blacksmith Shop
Blacksmithing is an ancient profession which began over six thousand years ago. It is the craft of forging and shaping iron with a hammer and anvil. The work of the blacksmith allowed for advances in transportation and industry by providing the . . . — Map (db m80576) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The Duckett Cabin
This hand hewn log cabin was built in Aquasco, Maryland around 1880 as a farm tenant house. This one up and one down design with one room and a loft was typically used for slave cabins during the early 1800s. By the late 1800s, it was the standard . . . — Map (db m6096) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The Nottingham Schoolhouse
One-room schoolhouses were common in small towns and rural areas during the late 19th and early 20th Centuries. Children from all grad levels were taught in a single room. Eventually one-room schoolhouses disappeared leaving only a few examples like . . . — Map (db m68074) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The Sears House
It Came in the Mail! Sears Roebuck and Co. Mail order Homes. Simplex Sectional Cottages. The mail-order home in front of you was purchased by Mr. Lowe Steed from Sears, Roebuck and Company in 1923 for $400. It is a quaint, three room, no-bath . . . — Map (db m6327) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The Town of Nottingham
The 1608 records of Captain John Smith's exploration of the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers indicate that the town of Nottingham was located near the former site of an American Indian village called Wosameus. formerly known as Mattapany . . . — Map (db m68077) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The War of 1812
During the War of 1812, Nottingham served as the home port for the Chesapeake Flotilla, which consisted of 17 gun-boats under the command of Joshua Barney. In the summer of 1814, the British fleet landed at Benedict in Charles County, then camped in . . . — Map (db m68079) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — The War of 1812 and the Chesapeake Flotilla
British Attacks on the Patuxent During the War of 1812, the British entered the Chesapeake Bay and threatened towns, plantations, and the cities of Washington and Baltimore. To counter this threat, Congress ordered the creation of the . . . — Map (db m68302) HM
Maryland (Prince George's County), Croom — Woodland Indians
Woodland Indians on the Patuxent American Indians established rear-round settlements along the Patuxent River 3,000 years ago during the Woodland Period (1000 BC-1600 AD). At first, their villages were small and scattered. Over time, large . . . — Map (db m68303) HM

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