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Culpeper, Virginia Historical Markers

 
Virginia Civil War Trails Marker image, Touch for more information
February 8, 2008
Virginia Civil War Trails Marker
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — “Gallant” Pelham’s Last DaysThe Virginia House and Shackelford House
Confederate cavalry chief Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Maj. John Pelham, the commander of Stuart’s Horse Artillery, frequented the Virginia House Hotel and often visited the Shackelford family across the street. A warm friendship developed between . . . — Map (db m12496) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry
(Front):To the memory of Twenty-two officers and soldiers of the 10th Maine Volunteer Infantry killed at Cedar Mountain, Va., August 9th, 1862. (Back): Capt. Andrew C. Cloudman Co. E. 1st Lieut. James C. Folsom, Co. H. Sergt. George . . . — Map (db m13454) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 28th Regiment New York State Volunteer Infantry
28th Regt. New York State Volunteer Infantry 1st Brig. 1st Div. 12th Corps Army of the Potomac Organized at Albany, N.Y., May 18, 1861 in response to the first call for volunteers. Mustered into the United States service for two years, May 22, . . . — Map (db m13459) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — 46th Pennsylvania Infantry
46 Penn. Inf Aug. 9, 1862 Charged across wheat field against Stonewall Jackson's command. Engaged, 504 Loss, 244 — Map (db m15572) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — A Tribute to Black Americans – Early 1900’sLower End of E. Davis, Commerce Streets — Town of Culpeper, Virginia
The area to the south was the center of commerce in the early 1900’s. It was here that retail shops, repair shops, hardware stores, restaurants, hotels and services flourished. In this era, blacks owned and operated nearly half the businesses in the . . . — Map (db m8637) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — A.P. Hill's Boyhood Home
Ambrose Powell Hill, who went by the name Powell, son of a prominent Culpeper planter and merchant, lived in this house from age 4 until he entered West Point at age 16. Named for an uncle and small in stature, the citizens of Culpeper knew him as . . . — Map (db m12684) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-19 — Battle of Cedar Mountain
During the afternoon of 9 Aug. 1862, Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson's division led by Maj. Gen. Richard S. Ewell and Brig. Gen. Charles S. Winder fought Union troops led by Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks about three miles south. . . . — Map (db m4434) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-20 — Battle of Cedar Mountain
Near here Jackson formed line of battle and received the attack of Banks Corps of Pope's army. From here he attacked in turn, driving the Union force northward. — Map (db m4436) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Battle of Cedar Mountain
Fought August 9, 1862. A Confederate victory. • Commanders • Confederate, Gen. T.J. "Stonewall" Jackson Federals, Gen. John Pope Casualties, Confederate, 1369. Federal, 2263 • Gen. C.S. Winder, C.S.A. fell here • This is the only battlefield on . . . — Map (db m4437) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Cedar MountainJackson Draws His Sword
In the summer of 1862, Federal Gen. John Pope threatened to retaliate against Southern civilians who tried to thwart the efforts of his new army. The threats prompted Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee to issue Gen. Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson the . . . — Map (db m41662) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-100 — Col. John Jameson
Col. John Jameson (1751-1810) owned land nearby. He served as the Culpeper County court clerk (1772-1810) and a captain in the Culpeper Minute Men battalion during the Revolutionary War. In Sept. 1780, while serving under Gen. Benedict Arnold in New . . . — Map (db m23962) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Court HouseBattle of Culpeper Court House
Following the Gettysburg Campaign, Federal officials sought to verify rumors that a substantial part of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Confederate army had been detached. On September 13, 1863, Federal cavalry moved down the tracks from your left, under . . . — Map (db m8417) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Court House1863–64 Winter Encampment — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
During the winter of 1863-64, Federal officers quartered in many of Culpeper’s homes. The surrounding landscape was dotted with tents and huts for ten square miles as nearly 100,000 soldiers encamped. Gen. U.S. Grant, commander of all Federal . . . — Map (db m8419) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-10 — Culpeper Minute Men
On the hill to the south the famous Culpeper Minute Men were organized in 1775. John Marshall, later chief Justice of the Supreme Court, was a Lieutenant. — Map (db m8321) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Culpeper Minute Men
. . . — Map (db m13460) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-97 — Eckington School
The Eckington School was built in 1895 as a frame, one-room school for African American students from the nearby communities of Eckington and Poplar Ridge. The school building is typical of the ungraded schools of the 19th century that had all . . . — Map (db m59522) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Eppa Rixey Boyhood Home
National Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Eppa Rixey was born on May 3, 1891. Rixey played for the Philadelphia Phillies (NL) and the Cincinnati Reds (NL) during a career that spanned 21 years. He was nicknamed "Jeptha" by a sportswriter who liked the . . . — Map (db m12562) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — G-10 — General Edward Stevens
Here is buried General Edward Stevens, who served at Brandywine, Camden, Guilford Courthouse and Yorktown. He died on August 17, 1820. — Map (db m23960) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-3 — Greenwood
Home of Judge John Williams Green. Judge Green entertained Lafayette here on August 22, 1825. — Map (db m8641) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Hand-to-Hand Fighting
The focal point on the battlefield of Cedar Mountain was several hundred yards to the left of this location, at a gate where the Crittenden farm lane met the old main road. Confederate artillery around that site duelled enemy guns to their right . . . — Map (db m4438) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Historic Antioch Baptist Church
Among the oldest churches in Culpeper, Antioch Baptist Church originated in the 1850's. Separated from the Mount Pony Baptist Church, Antioch was first called "The African Church," organized in 1859. The first congregation, also referred to as free . . . — Map (db m12687) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-6 — John S. Barbour’s Birthplace
Just to the south stood Catalpa, where John Strode Barbour was born on 29 Dec. 1820. In 1849, he was appointed the state’s representative on the board of directors of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad. The board elected him president in 1851 and he . . . — Map (db m8416) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-16 — Lee and Pope
To the south is Clark's Mountain, behind which Lee's army was gathered, August 17, 1862. From a signal station on the mountain top Lee looked down on Pope's army, which he wished to attack. Pope, realizing his danger, retired northward. — Map (db m4433) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-25A — Mitchells Presbyterian Church
Built in 1879, this Gothic Revival church stands two miles of this location. It contains an elaborate example of trompe-l’oeil fresco painting done in 1888. Joseph Dominick Phillip Oddenino, an Italian immigrant artist, painted to deceive the eye . . . — Map (db m23192) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — F-34 — Mount Pony Signal Station
In Aug. 1862, during the Civil War, Union Maj. Gen. John Pope established a signal station on Mount Pony, just northeast of here. On the summit of the mountain, a high scaffold was constructed out of trees for an observation post and a communication . . . — Map (db m4442) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Mountain Run Watershed
Culpeper has always depended on Mountain Run for its water. The small stream meandered through the town like so many citizens on a Sunday afternoon. But for many years, Mountain Run had a tendency to dry up during the summer months, leaving Culpeper . . . — Map (db m12780) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Pennsylvania
(Front):Pennsylvania remembers with solemn pride Her Heroic Sons who here repose in known and unknown graves may their sacrifice be an inspiration to the people and promote civic virtue, love of liberty, peace, prosperity and happiness in all . . . — Map (db m13457) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Second Massachusetts Infantry
The Second Massachusetts Infantry Have raised this stone in memory of their dead who fell in the Battle of Cedar Mountain Aug - 9 - 1862 — Map (db m13452) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — Seventh Ohio Regiment1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps
Erected by the Seventh Ohio Regimental Association in honor of the officers and soldiers of that regiment who fought in the battle of Cedar Mountain Virginia August 9, 1862 many of whom are buried in unknown graves in this cemetery Killed 37 . . . — Map (db m13451) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — J-15 — Signal Stations
The hilltop northeast of this spot is Cole's Hill. The mountain to the west is Mount Pony. Both were used by Pope as signal stations, 1862. — Map (db m4582) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar Mountain
On August 9, 1862, a Confederate army under "Stonewall" Jackson fought a hot engagement here in the shadow of Cedar Mountain against a Federal force commanded by the brashly confident John Pope. Jackson's army was much stronger, but a bold Federal . . . — Map (db m4443) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainAugust 9, 1862
In the summer of 1862 General John Pope formed the Federal Army of Virginia. While the elements of this new 63,000-man army were converging upon Culpeper, Confederate General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson saw that part of the Union army - 12,000 men . . . — Map (db m4444) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainThe Artillery Duel
The road to Culpeper ran on the other side of the fence to your right. A line of Confederate cannon angled from this point back to the Crittenden farm lane, currently the paved road along the edge of the field to your right. A second grouping of . . . — Map (db m4447) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainThe Awkward Position of the 21st Virginia
Without the leadership of either Generals Jackson or Winder, subordinate officers formed their men along the edge of woodlines where the ground offered a better field of fire. The men of the 21st Virginia were positioned here just inside the . . . — Map (db m4448) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainThe Federal Attack Reaches Its Climax
The fighting turned desperate and many combatants struggled hand-to-hand. Some of Crawford's Federal soldiers passed completely behind the 21st Virginia and entered the road near the Confederate artillery line. Confederate soldier John Worsham of . . . — Map (db m4449) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Battle of Cedar MountainJackson Rallies His Men
As the Confederate line broke, "Stonewall" Jackson stood firm and many of his soldiers witnessed the general as he rallied his troops while other officers motivated their men by pointing out the presence of their commanding general. "I recollect . . . — Map (db m4450) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Civil War
Four long years of bitter Civil War devastated Culpeper more than any other community in the country. Savage battles at Cedar Mountain, Kelly's Ford and Brandy Station left thousands of young Americans dead and wounded, and Culpeper's homes, . . . — Map (db m12779) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Culpeper Minute Men
Honoring the Culpeper Minute Men. Virginia's first, who organized in this field & fought their first battle at Great Bridge 1775 Erected by Culpeper Minute Men Chapter, DAR 6-14-71 — Map (db m12710) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — The Revolutionary War
Shortly after the revolutionary conventions held in the spring and summer of 1775, Culpeper County lieutenant James Barbour began organizing a 300-man battalion in the counties of Culpeper, Orange, and Fauquier. Yowell Meadow, then called Clayton's . . . — Map (db m12703) HM
Virginia (Culpeper County), Culpeper — William "Extra Billy" Smith1797-1887
William Smith was born in King George County, Virginia. Arriving in Culpeper in 1818 as a young lawyer, the married Elizabeth Bell, the eldest daughter of a Culpeper merchant, and they had 11 children (4 died in infancy). In 1825, Smith built his . . . — Map (db m61367) HM

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