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Cumberland, Maryland Historical Markers

 
Braddock's Road Marker image, Touch for more information
William J. Pratt - Maryland Historical Trust Historic Sites Survey, December 28, 1977
Braddock's Road Marker
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — "Braddock's Road"
Near this point on June 10, 1755, after nearly a month's delay at Fort Cumberland, Braddock's troops started toward Fort Duquesne to wrest it from the French. On July 9, 1755, he met his terrible death at the Monongahela. — Map (db m31908) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — “The Narrows”
One of the most picturesque spots around Cumberland, discovered by Spendelow after the road over Wills Mountain had been constructed by General Braddock. Adopted as the route of the Cumberland Road (The National Road) 1833. The old stone bridge . . . — Map (db m4927) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — A Boom for CumberlandThe National Road Meets the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad — The Historic National Road / The Road That Built The Nation
The National Road and the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad came together at this spot in 1842 at Cumberland’s first railroad station. For a few years, it was necessary for passengers and freight to transfer from railroad cars to coach and wagon for the . . . — Map (db m81402) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Abandonment of Ft. Cumberland — Fort Cumberland Trail
Fort Cumberland was garrisoned from 1754 to 1765. During this period, there was bickering between Maryland and Virginia as to how the fort should be maintained and whose control it was under. In early 1756, Colonel Washington favored a small . . . — Map (db m17708) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Allegany County
. . . — Map (db m17452) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Allegany County LibraryCumberland Free Public Library
Top Name of Cumberland Free Public Library changed to Allegany County Library July 1, 1960 Bottom 1798 • First public school in Western Maryland incorporated under Act of 1798 as "Visitors of Allegany County School." 1824 • School name changed to . . . — Map (db m17676) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Alteration of the Site — Fort Cumberland Trail
Many changes have been made to the landscape on which Fort Cumberland stood. The street behind you was cut from the hillside and the earth removed used by the canal company. the bluff to your left in front of the church once extended on a nearly . . . — Map (db m18757) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Boat Building at the Cumberland Basin
Cumberland, the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal, was the location where the George's Creek coal from western Allegany County was transferred from the short line railroads to canal boats for shipment east. Cumberland was also the . . . — Map (db m67484) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Capture of GeneralsCapture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George Crook — Nights, February 21–22, 1865
A company of Confederates, young men from Cumberland, Maryland, Hampshire and Hardy Counties, West Virginia, captured several picket posts, obtained the countersign “Bulls Gap,” rode into the city, captured two commanding Union Generals, . . . — Map (db m490) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Capture of Generals B.F. Kelly and George CrookNights, February 21–22, 1865
A company of Confederates, young men from Cumberland, Maryland, Hampshire and Hardy Counties, West Virginia, captured several picket posts, obtained the countersign “Bulls Gap,” rode into the city, captured two commanding Union Generals, . . . — Map (db m81416) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church
A building on this site Christ's (St. Paul's) Lutheran Church May 11, 1794 "Mother of Lutheranism" in Allegany Co. — Map (db m81506) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Civil War in Allegany CountyStrategic Location
During the Civil War, thousands of United States soldiers were stationed here in Cumberland and Allegany County to guard against raids and incursions by Confederate forces. Located only about 130 miles from the capital at Washington. . . . — Map (db m1049) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Joshua Fry
Memorial in honor of Col. Joshua Fry Born c. 1700 in England 1731 • Professor of mathematics at William and Mary College, Planter in Albemarle County, Virginia, Member of House of Burgesses, First presiding judge of Albemarle County, Commander . . . — Map (db m54023) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Col. Thomas Cresap
In Memory of Col. Thomas Cresap Pathfinder - Pioneer - Patriot - Built the first home and fort in this county at Oldtown, about 1740 Surveyed the first trail to the west, starting near this spot in 1751 His Sons - - - Daniel Cresap for whom . . . — Map (db m17778) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandStrategic Center
In 1860, Cumberland was a small town of 7,302 residents, most of whom lived in the valley of Will’s Creek. The town was an important stop on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. When the Civil . . . — Map (db m14038) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandStrategic Center
In 1860, Cumberland was a small town of 7,302 residents, most of whom lived in the valley of Will’s Creek. The town was an important stop on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the western terminus of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. When the Civil . . . — Map (db m17674) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Gateway Westward — Fort Cumberland Trail
Will's Creek Settlement, later known as Cumberland, served as a major gateway for trade, military campaigns against the French, and settlement beyond the mountains in our growing nation. "The New Storehouses" of the Ohio Company were across the . . . — Map (db m17783) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and Today
Independence Day, July 4th, 1828, would be an important day for Cumberland, Maryland. On that day, far to the east, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad both broke ground. The finish line of these companies' race was the . . . — Map (db m67478) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Famous Personalities at Fort Cumberland — Fort Cumberland Trail
Horatio Sharpe Lived: 1718-1790. Here as Governor of Maryland and the commander of the fort. Fort Frederick was built by his direction. Governor: 1753-1769. Sharpsburg, Md., was named in his honor. Daniel Boone Lived: 1734-1820. Here as a . . . — Map (db m17681) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's Mill
Here in Evitts Creek Valley on August 1, 1864, General McCausland's Confederate cavalry, returning after burning Chambersburg, was surprised by General Kelley's Union troops from Cumberland. The Confederates were repulsed and retreated across the . . . — Map (db m17903) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's Mill
Here in Evitts Creek Valley on August 1, 1864, General McCausland's Confederate cavalry, returning after burning Chambersburg, was surprised by General Kelley's Union troops from Cumberland. The Confederates were repulsed and retreated . . . — Map (db m19320) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Folck's MillConfederate Raid
Late in July 1864, Confederate Gen. John C. McCausland led his two cavalry brigades (about 2,800 men) northward into Pennsylvania and Maryland to capture Chambersburg and Cumberland and either collect a ransom or burn the towns. McCausland burned . . . — Map (db m19328) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Fort Cumberland TrailA new opportunity for outdoor recreation — Fort Cumberland Trail
This is an American Revolution bicentennial project to permanently record the history of one of the City of Cumberland's most historic sites, Fort Cumberland. The beautiful interpretive plaques tell the story and the attractive white rocks mark the . . . — Map (db m17714) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — French and Indian War — Fort Cumberland Trail
"A volley fired by a young Virginian in the backwoods of America set the world on fire" Fort Cumberland was built as a direct result of hostilities between the French and British over control of the Ohio Valley. The British king granted land . . . — Map (db m17683) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — George Washington at Will’s Creek — Fort Cumberland Trail
Our founding father spent much time in this vicinity when a young man as surveyor, ambassador, aide-de-camp to General Braddock, and commander of Virginia military forces. This cabin served as his headquarters during part of this time. Young George . . . — Map (db m17719) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m1051) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 19051842 Home
Site 1842 Home Gov. Lloyd Lowndes 1845 - 1905 Only person from Allegany County elected Governor of Maryland Served from 1895 to 1900 — Map (db m17673) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Headquarters of George WashingtonOn this Site Originally Stood the
Headquarters of George Washington, since removed to Riverside Park. He was entertained at David Lynn's house (which later occupied this site) when he came here in 1794 to review the troops during the Whisky Rebellion. — Map (db m17451) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Headquarters of George Washington
As colonel under General Braddock at Fort Cumberland during the French and Indian War 1755 - 1758 and as Commander-in-Chief of the American Army in 1794Presented to the City of Cumberland by James Walter Thomas, L.L.D.; Litt.D. dedicated April . . . — Map (db m17724) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Jane Frazier
Wife of Lieut. John Frazier was captured by Indians near this spot in October 1755 and taken to the Miami River. She escaped after eighteen months and made her way back to her home. — Map (db m402) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Life on the Canal
The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal ran from Georgetown in Washington, D.C. (Mile 0) to Cumberland, MD (Mile 184.5), paralleling the Potomac River. Most of the heavy shipping originated from the western terminus at Cumberland. Boatmen carrying coal, . . . — Map (db m67482) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — McNeill’s RaidCapture of Crook and Kelly
In the predawn darkness of February 21, 1865, Confederate Lt. Jesse McNeill and his partisan (guerrilla) rangers rode into Cumberland from the west on this road. Unlike most raiders who targeted the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad for attack, McNeill . . . — Map (db m716) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Military Hospital
On this site stood the First Presbyterian Church. During the Civil War it was used as a military hospital — Map (db m19336) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — National Road Monument200 Year Celebration and Dedication
This monument is dedicated to the eternal spirits of our forebears. Their inspiration and determination to begin building our Nation's public infrastructure in Cumberland, Maryland, in 1811, helped secure our country's growth and prosperity. It is . . . — Map (db m97321) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — On This Site Stood Metro Clothes
Owned and managed by Joseph Feldstein, Metro Clothes was established in 1932 and originally located across the street. The business relocated to this site after the 1936 flood. Metro Clothes was a leading outfitter in men’s and boys’ clothing and . . . — Map (db m58358) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Our Local Indian Heritage — Fort Cumberland Trail
The land west of the Allegheny Mountains was exclusively the Indians until the mid 1700's. The local Indians were part of the Shawanese tribe and a sub-division of the Algonquin Nation-one of the most warlike. With the coming of the white man, most . . . — Map (db m18724) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Palisado Fort or Stockade — Fort Cumberland Trail
Most of the early frontier forts were of the palisado type. Before you is a small sample of this type construction. A palisade is a fence of pales or stakes set firmly in the ground, as for enclosure or defense. The word usage in the 1700's was . . . — Map (db m17782) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Perimeter of the Fort — Fort Cumberland Trail
You stand upon historic ground within the north wall of Fort Cumberland. Your location (X) is shown on the diagram. Lines of barracks (I), parallel with the street, were to your front and in the rear along the line of white rocks in the street. The . . . — Map (db m18758) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — President Washington's Last Visit - 1794
Center Plaque On October 16, 1794, President George Washington arrived in Cumberland to review about 5,000 troops of the Maryland and Virginia militia gathered here during th Whiskey Rebellion. A few days later, this militia army assembled upon . . . — Map (db m17456) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Riverside Park
Land for this park was donated to the city in 1893. The park formerly included the site of the bridge approached to your right and an area extending along the river bank upstream. Then, there were extensive walkways, benches, flowerbeds, a viewing . . . — Map (db m17711) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Site of Bridge 1834
Built by Thomas Fealy Lieut. Jno. Pickell U.S. Engineer H. M. Pettit Ass’t Supd’t. — Map (db m4928) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Site of Fort Cumberland
The store houses of The Ohio Company were first located near this point. In 1754 the first fort (called Mt. Pleasant) was built. Gen'l Edward Braddock enlarged the fort in 1755 and renamed it after his friend the Duke of Cumberland. — Map (db m53575) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The First Iron Rails
The first iron rails made in the United States were manufactured in 1844 at Mount Savage. Before that time all iron rails were imported from England. — Map (db m445) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The First National Bank and Trust Company of Western Maryland
was originally chartered as the Cumberland Bank of Alleghany by an act of the 1811 Maryland Legislature and opened for business April 1, 1812. this is the oldest bank in Western Maryland and the second oldest National Bank in the state. Local . . . — Map (db m19337) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Fort Proper — Fort Cumberland Trail
The fort proper was the bastioned work at the west end of the fort. It was to your left (primarily on the site of the Church of Christ Scientist). Besides the four bastions (b) and the joining walls, there were four buildings for provisions (6), two . . . — Map (db m17679) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The NarrowsAn Easier Route for the National Road
At first, the National Road climbed west from Cumberland up and over Haystack Mountain. In the 1830s, when the road was rebuilt, a new route was chosen. It would be a mile longer but the grade was substantially decreased so that horse teams could . . . — Map (db m4926) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The National Road(Called The Cumberland Road)
Was the first of the internal improvements undertaken by the U.S. Government. Surveys were authorized in 1806 over the route of “Braddock’s Road,” which followed “Nemacolin’s Path,” an Indian trail, over which George . . . — Map (db m444) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m67479) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Old National Pike — Fort Cumberland Trail
The National Pike was also called the National Road (used national funds) or the Cumberland Road (began in Cumberland). Behind you and to the right along the base of the hill, were the storehouses of The Ohio Company. The earliest rails were made by . . . — Map (db m18728) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — The Parade Ground of Fort CumberlandOccupied this site 1755
Here the Indian envoys were received before Braddock left for his defeat. In 1756-58 the garrison under Col. Washington was still reviewed here. — Map (db m17453) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — This Tablet Marks the Site of Old Fort Cumberland
Which was built in 1755 by order of the British Government and named in honor of the Duke of Cumberland, Captain General of the British Army. It was the base of military operations of General Edward Braddock and Colonel George Washington in the . . . — Map (db m18733) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Trenches and Tunnels / Army Discipline — Fort Cumberland Trail
Trenches and Tunnels It was common for forts of this period to have rifle pits or trenches outside the walls as a line of first defense. Fort Cumberland was likely no exception. However, the excavations most people refer to apparently had other . . . — Map (db m17684) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Washington’s Road
By order of Colonel Bouquet, George Washington’s troops opened this road from Fort Cumberland to Reas-town (Bedford, Pa.) during July 1758. Bouquet and Washington conferred half way between these places July 30, 1758. — Map (db m6106) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Western Maryland Railway Station
Opened July 1913 National Register of Historic Places Listed June 1973 Presented by Preservation Society of Allegany County September 1987 — Map (db m60547) HM
Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Where the Road BeganThe Historic National Road - The Road That Built the Nation
You are standing at the starting point of this country's first federal road building project, the National Road. A vision of George Washington as a means to develop the continent and to unite the country, his idea was championed by Thomas Jefferson . . . — Map (db m17716) HM

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