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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Defiance
By Dale K. Benington, July 15, 2019
Abatis and Camp Marker
|Abatis and Camp
General Wayne’s Army in
1794 and General Winchester’s
Army in 1812 encamped on
Here also was the western
end of Gen. Winchester’s Abatis. — — Map (db m136580) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m28449) HM|
|Buffalo were recorded here in 1718 to the east across the river.
This entire area was an important Indian trade center from early times to c. 1830.
Trading posts were established here in the middle 1700's including George Ironside's and Peter . . . — — Map (db m28539) HM|
1712 --- 1769 — — Map (db m26826) HM|
Mineral Spring 1790
Birthplace of Ottawa
Chief Shabonee 1775
Lodge of Shawnee Chief
Blue Jacket 1792
Winchester Camp No 1
Blue Jacket . . . — — Map (db m28354) HM|
French Mission 1650
Jesuit Mission 1670
Moravian Christian Indians 1781
Great Indian Cornfields 1794
Cabin and Home of Delaware
Chief Whingy-Pooshies and
Boy Captive, John Brickell
1791 - 1794 - 1795
British . . . — — Map (db m52998) HM|
|The arrival of the Legion of the United States at this point on August 8, 1794 marked the end of General Anthony Wayne's difficult march, through swamps and forests, from Fort GreeneVille. On this site, in the center of the Indian country, General . . . — — Map (db m18668) HM|
|Fort Defiance was erected upon this site by General Wayne August 9-17, 1794 and thus "The Grand Emporium of the hostile Indians of the west was gained without loss of blood."
From this point General Wayne advanced against the Indians and . . . — — Map (db m18751) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m29662) HM|
|Fort Defiance Flagstaff
All land north to Canada is surveyed on baseline running from this point. — — Map (db m18768) HM|
|Here in 1794 General Anthony Wayne built Fort Defiance during the Indian Wars prior to the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
Fort Winchester was built south of here during the War of 1812.
Down river from here is Preston Island, former site of Indian . . . — — Map (db m28542) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m18671) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m18717) HM|
|[Front Text] : "Fort Winchester"
General William Henry Harrison ordered the construction of Fort Winchester at the beginning of October 1812 and it was completed October 15. The fort served as a forward observation post and supply . . . — — Map (db m37974) HM|
Largest on Record
9 Ft. Diameter
60 Ft. Spread 45 High
Bore 200 Bu. 1872
1670 - 1887 — — Map (db m28438) HM|
|Graves of Soldiers
1794 Wars 1812 — — Map (db m136759) HM WM|
1774 - 1845
1811 - 1828 — — Map (db m28431) HM|
|[Text on the south side of the Marker]:
Little Turtle (Me-she-kin-o-quah)
1752 - 1812
Little Turtle, a war chief of the Miami People, was born near
present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana. From 1790 to 1794, he lived in a . . . — — Map (db m52992) HM|
Here, in 1712, was born the
Great Indian chief who in-
cited Pontiac’s Conspiracy.
He federated the tribes and
with the aid of the French
threatened British suprem-
acy. Killed in Illinois . . . — — Map (db m28350) HM|
|Named for the Ottawa Indian chief said to have been born here c. 1712. Site of the largest recorded apple tree "French and Indian" c. 1680 to 1887. Here Oliver Spencer spent his Indian captivity 1792. Bark cabins and cultivated fields fields of the . . . — — Map (db m30297) HM|
|Route and Camp's of Gen. Wayne, 1794, Gen. Harrison, 1812, and Winchester Camp No 2, and Abatis, 1812. — — Map (db m18991) HM|
Park — — Map (db m28405) HM|
|[Front Side of Marker]: "Spemica Lawba-Johnny Logan"
In September 1786, Captain Benjamin Logan of Kentucky captured a young Indian boy during a raid across the Ohio River on the Machachac tribe towns of the Shawnee nation. Upon . . . — — Map (db m28338) HM|
|[Front Side of Marker]: "Tale of Ensign James Liggett"
After American militia troops forcibly ended the 1812 siege of Fort Wayne, General James Winchester's Army of the Northwest marched down the north side of the Miami [Maumee] . . . — — Map (db m28336) HM|
|When American Pioneers attempted to settle the area north and west of the Ohio River, following the Ordinance of 1787,the Indians aided by the British in Canada, fought valiantly and fiercely for their homes in the Ohio Country. It required the . . . — — Map (db m18827) HM|
|[Front Text on Marker] : "Winchester's Camp #2"
After completing Fort Winchester, Brigadier General James Winchester ordered his troops to cross to the north side of the Maumee River. The troops occupied the new site, Camp #2, from . . . — — Map (db m54318) HM|