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Denver, Colorado Historical Markers

 
18th St. Atrium Building image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, July 28, 2016
18th St. Atrium Building
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 18th St. Atrium / Littleton Creamery Beatrice Cold Storage Warehouse — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
18th St. Atrium 1919 One of the last buildings constructed in "Warehouse Row," which stretched from Cherry Creek to the 1900 blocks of Wynkoop Street, 1621 18th Street originated as the warehouse and offices for Bourk, . . . — Map (db m97346) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Alfred Dach
This masonry labor for this memorial is donated by Stephan Dach in loving memory of his father Alfred who perished in the early years of World War II in a Nazi Concentration Camp. May this be a reminder of him and all those others who have perished . . . — Map (db m46101) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Armenian Genocide
April 24, 1915, in memory of one and one half million Armenians, victims of the first genocide of the twentieth century. — Map (db m46057) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Barteldes, Hartig Building — 1906 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
For more than a century, Denver's warehouse district has centered on Wynkoop. Stimulated by the arrival of the railroads in 1870 and the subsequent need for distribution services, an impressive array of three-to-five story warehouses, flat roofed . . . — Map (db m97395) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Blake Street Area — Lower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988
Blake Street was named after Charles Blake, who came to Denver in 1858, and established supply depots throughout Lower Downtown. Originally, the area was Denver's warehouse, brothel, and sporting house district. Some of the most infamous . . . — Map (db m97357) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — C. S. Morey Mercantile Building — 1896 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Constructed in 1896 for $75,000, the Morey Mercantile Building was the first notable warehouse to be built after the 1893 silver crash. Designed by Gove & Walsh, the structure included a spice grinding mill, roasting plant, extract laboratory and . . . — Map (db m97396) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Civil War Artillery — G.A.R. Memorial
(This memorial is made up to three plaques, each found at the base of a different piece of artillery.) Civil War Artillery 13-inch Seacoast Mortar Donated in 1897 by the Grand Army of the Republic Civil War Artillery 11-inch . . . — Map (db m61985) WM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Clark and Gruber Mint — 1860 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
In the 1860’s, when gold from Colorado’s grubstakes began flowing into Denver at a mad pace, the costly and risky problem of shipping it to banks back East was neatly solved by Clark, Gruber and Co. In a building near this site, the banking firm . . . — Map (db m51712) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Colorado Soldier's Monument
(West side): Colorado Territory - Organized February 28, 1861 Colorado Admitted as a State August 1, 1876 Census of Territory in 1861 - 23,331 War Governors William Gilpin Richard Ed Whitsitt Adjutant General 1861-1862 John . . . — Map (db m4745) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Colorado State Capitol Time Capsule
Memorial Stone commemorating the 100th Anniversary of the laying of the cornerstone of the Colorado State Capitol. The time capsule beneath this stone contains messages and memorabilia from the people of Colorado in 1990 to its people in 2090. . . . — Map (db m46059) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Colorado State Veterans Memorial
Dedicated by the people of Colorado in gratitude and respect for the men and women who have proudly served and sacrificed in our nation’s armed forces. — Map (db m46079) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Colorado Volunteers — 1898-1899
(West Side:) Puerta Real, Royal Gate through which officers of the American Army entered the walled city to negotiate the Surrender of Manila Map of the Philippine Islands emblematic of the territory and . . . — Map (db m75608) WM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Constitution Hall
The First National Bank of Denver made its first home here in 1866, with a building constructed for a cost of $45,000. The bank stayed at this location for 10 years, enlarging rooms, installing fancy gas lights, and in 1875, adding a third floor . . . — Map (db m27508) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver City — Lower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988
The area known today as Lower Downtown, is the Location of the original town of Denver. Gold seekers from Lawrence, Kansas staked the first claim in September of 1858, under the name St. Charles Town Association, but they left only one man to . . . — Map (db m27493) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver City Railway Building — 1883 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Originally built as the stables for the Denver City Railway Company in 1883, this building was the birthplace of Denver's Public Transportation system. Horse drawn trolleys, soon replaced by one of America's most extensive cable car networks, . . . — Map (db m97394) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Denver's Old City Hall
This bell is the only existing relic of Denver's old city hall. Built on this site in 1883 and razed in 1936. — Map (db m27292) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Edward W. Wynkoop
This building is named for Edward W. Wynkoop (1836-1891) to honor his peacemaking efforts, though unsuccessful, to resolve the Indian-white conflict which resulted tragically in the Sand Creek Massacre in 1864. Exaggerated reports of . . . — Map (db m97294) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Henry Lee Building - 1907 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
The pattern of ownership of 1545 Wazee Street symbolizes the development of Denver's rail age boom as an industrial and supply city requiring large scale warehousing. Its first owner and occupant, Henry Lee, was an agriculturist, pioneer gardener . . . — Map (db m27242) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Hop Alley/Chinese Riot of 1880 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
During the 1860's, the first Chinese settled in Colorado. Drawn here by the completion of the transcontinental railroad as well as by other demands for cheap manual labor. Existing amidst persecution, poverty and wretched living conditions, the . . . — Map (db m96238) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — In Honor of Christopher Columbus
In Honor of Christopher Columbus (Cristoforo Colombo 1451-1506) Italian Visionary and Great Navigator This bold explorer was the first European to set foot on uncharted land, on a West Indies beach in 1492. His four voyages brought . . . — Map (db m4743) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — In Memory of Sadie M. Likens
1840-1920 Who devoted many years of her life aiding the survivors of the Civil War and other wars. Erected A.D. 1923 By the Grand Army of the Republic, affiliated orders and friends. — Map (db m5616) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Irving Hale
Scholar, Soldiers, Citizen Valedictorian of the first class, Denver high School, 1877. Graduated from United States Military Academy 1884 with record of 2070.4 out of possible 2075. War with Spain, Colonel 1st Colorado infantry U.S.V. His regiment . . . — Map (db m46108) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Joe P. Martinez
Dedicated to honor Private Joe P. Martinez, Colorado’s first Congressional Medal of Honor recipient of World War II. — Map (db m46100) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Larimer Street — Lower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988
General William H. Larimer, Jr., founder of Denver City which was established on November 22, 1858, named the city after the Governor of the Kansas Territory and the principal street after himself. Some of Denver’s first cabins were located at the . . . — Map (db m51710) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 17 — Let the Buyer Beware — Wall Street of the Rockies — Seventeenth Street. Denver, Colorado
In the 1880s and 1890s Denver was the nation's headquarters for "con" men, a dubious honor that it maintained into the early years of the 20th century. The most famous con man was "Soapy" Smith who sold $5.00 bars of soap from 17th Street, . . . — Map (db m52186) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Logan’s Memorial Day Order
General Orders, No. 11, Headquarters Grand Army of the Republic, Washington D.C. May 5, 1868. I. The 30th day of May, 1869, is designated for the purpose of strewing with flowers or otherwise decorating the graves of comrades who died in defense of . . . — Map (db m46107) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Manny's Bridge
This bridge symbolizes the revitalization of lower downtown Denver in the late twentieth century and represents one of the many contributions made to our community by Emanuel "Manny" Salzman. After moving to LoDo in 1980, Manny and his wife, Joanne, . . . — Map (db m97412) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Merchandise Mart — 1930 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Built in 1930-31 as a multi-tenant warehouse, 1863 Wazee Street is representative of the final building period in Lower Downtown until the boom of the 1980's. Architect Montana Fallis used the modernistic style to establish this building as Denver's . . . — Map (db m97348) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Mint Robbery — February 1864
The first man to rob the Denver Mint was “Small Bad Jim” – James Clark. The gold bars were so heavy that he began dropping them only one mile away in what is now Cheesman Park. Six days later, the desperado was captured 25 miles . . . — Map (db m100808) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Oxford Hotel and Annex — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
1891 The Oxford Hotel, built in 1891, is Denver's Oldest Hotel. Bankrolled by Brewer Adolph Zang and his partners Philip Feldhauser and William Mygatt, the hotel was designed by Denver's greatest 19th century architect, Frank E. Edbrooke. Through . . . — Map (db m6674) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 73 — Passing of the Street Car
This tablet is the Property of the State of Colorado —— This plaque was presented to the City of Denver by the Colorado State Historical Society and the American Pioneer Trails Association on June 3, 1951, the day . . . — Map (db m4679) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Red Light District Market Street — 1890 - 1912 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
'The wickedest street in the city' from the 1880's to 1912, Holliday (now Market Street) was awash in cheap cribs and elaborate bordellos, dance halls and seedy saloons where over 1,000 women sold their charms. In the bustling underground economy of . . . — Map (db m96234) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 280 — Sand Creek Massacre
The controversy surrounding this Civil War Monument has become a symbol of Coloradens' struggle to understand and take responsibility for our past. On November 29, 1864, Colorado's First and Third Cavalry, commanded by Colonel John Chivington, . . . — Map (db m6755) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Silas S. Soule
At this location on April 23, 1865, assassins shot and killed 1st Colorado Cavalary Officer Capt. Silas S. Soule. During the infamous Sand Creek Massacre of November 29, 1864, Soule had disobeyed orders by refusing to fire on Chief Black Kettle's . . . — Map (db m67133) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 40 — Smoky Hill Trail
This tablet is the Property of the State of Colorado —— Here was the end of the famous Smoky Hill Trail Immigrant and stage road extending from the Missouri River to Denver. Traversed by pioneers in 1858. . . . — Map (db m4678) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Spratlen-Anderson Building — 1906 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
On the original site of the Washington Hotel and Studebaker Buggy and Carriage House, this building was constructed in 1906 as a four-story warehouse for the Spratlen-Anderson Mercantile Co. Frank Edbrooke designed the original structure, as well as . . . — Map (db m97415) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — St. Elmo Hotel — 1896 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
The St. Elmo Hotel, constructed in 1896, joined a pantheon of grand and small hotels clustered in lower downtown to serve railroad travelers. In 1870, the first Denver Pacific locomotive pulled into Denver, and prosperity followed close on its . . . — Map (db m97391) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Sugar Building 1906 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
The sweet smell of success pervaded the Sugar Building from 1906, when it was constructed by the Great Western Sugar Company. During the 1920's, GW became the largest producer of sugar beets in the country. The original building was four stories . . . — Map (db m22304) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The Auraria Townsite and Ninth Street Historic Park
The Auraria higher education center is located on the site of Denver’s oldest continuously occupied settlement. In 1858, William Green Russell and his brothers found gold nearby and established this pioneer town of Auraria, which merged with Denver . . . — Map (db m51708) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The Buckhorn Exchange — Established 1893 — Denver’s Oldest Restaurant
In November 1893, Henry H. “Shorty Scout” Zietz opened a saloon in this building, which was built about 1886 by Neef Brothers Brewery. Known as the Rio Grande Exchange, the saloon catered to the railroaders working across Osage Street at . . . — Map (db m51709) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The Edbrooke Lofts
This site has been home to: 1880 • The Washington Hotel 1896 • Studebaker Buggy & Carriage Works 1902 • The Spratlen-Anderson Wholesale Grocery Company 1923 • Davis Brothers Drug Company 1957 • Lande Manufacturing 1990 • Edbrooke . . . — Map (db m97417) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The House of Mirrors — 1942 Market Street
This building was constructed by madam Jennie Rogers in 1889 and became the classiest bordello in the Rocky Mountain West. Another famous pleasure queen, Mattie Silks, operated the business from 1911 until it was closed by federal edict in . . . — Map (db m96236) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — The Molly Brown House
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Building under the provisions of the historic site act of 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the State of Colorado United States Department . . . — Map (db m47192) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 32 — The Rocky Mountain News
This tablet is the Property of the State of Colorado On this site stood the original home of Rocky Mountain News First newspaper established in the Pike's Peak Gold Region Founded by Wm. N.Byers, April 23, 1859, . . . — Map (db m5780) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Union Station — 1880 / 1914 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Denver's Union Station was constructed to consolidate rail activity in the City and to replace the four separate stations serving the boom town. When completed in 1890 in an Italianate style of Colorado Rhyolite with sandstone trim, the station . . . — Map (db m14509) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Union Station Area — Lower Downtown Historic District — Established 1988
Denver's emergence as the metropolis of the Rockies is directly related to its role as the regional rail hub. When the transcontinental railroad chose Cheyenne and not Denver as its gateway to the west, Denverites rallied. Civic leaders such as . . . — Map (db m4641) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — USS Colorado BB-45
Dedicated to the men who served aboard the U.S.S. Colorado (BB-45) March 1921-June 1959. Tarawa • Kwajalein • Eniwetok • Saipan-Guam • Tinian • Leyte • Mindoro • Luzon • Okinawa • Japan. Dedicated March 21, 1997 — Map (db m46195) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — 17 — Wall Street of the Rockies
Four Corners The four corners of 17th and Champa Streets are occupied by the Boston Building (1890), the Colorado National Bank (1915), the Railway Exchange (Title) Building (1937), and the Ideal Cement (Colorado Federal) Building (1907). All . . . — Map (db m4659) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Windsor Farm Dairy Building / The Crocker Cracker Factory — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Windsor Farm Dairy Building 1918 A building with a milky past, the Windsor Farm Dairy was built in 1918 for $30.000. A leading Denver architectural firm, Fisher & Fisher, designed this red brick structure with terra cotta . . . — Map (db m97358) HM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — WWII 10th Mountain Division — United States Army
This monument is dedicated to the World War II 10th Mountain Division soldiers. Their unique talents and heroic deeds contributed to the Aleutian Islands Campaign and the earlier termination of the war in the Italian Theater of Operations. Special . . . — Map (db m105783) HM WM
Colorado (Denver County), Denver — Wynkoop Street RR Bridge — 1908 — Lower Downtown Walking Tour
Denver's first settlement was along the confluence of the South Platte River and Cherry Creek. Arapahoe Indians named Cherry Creek for the wild chokecherries they harvested here in the fall. They respected the stream's power and warned the first . . . — Map (db m96283) HM

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