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Elkton, Maryland Historical Markers

 
Elkton Town Hall image, Touch for more information
By Bill Pfingsten, June 29, 2007
Elkton Town Hall
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — "O! say can you see..." — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
The Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail traces the War of 1812 in the Chesapeake. Along the trail you'll encounter tangible evidence of the war and stories that bring the people and events to life. Discover the far-reaching impacts of . . . — Map (db m73839) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — “New Munster”
A tract of 6,000 acres laid out in 1683 by George Talbot (then surveyor-general of Maryland for Edwin O’Dwire and 15 other Irishmen. Its northern boundary extended into what is now the State of Pennsylvania. — Map (db m1763) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — “Partridge Hill” — Built c. 1760
Home of Henry Hollingsworth, merchant, legislator and colonel of Elk Battalion of Militia in Revolutionary Way as Commissary for the Eastern Shore. He obtained supplies for the Americans and French allies embarking near here in 1781 on voyage down . . . — Map (db m1473) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Blue Ball Tavern
Established about 1710 on Lot No. 35 of “The Nottingham Lots” by Andrew Job who secured it from William Penn. Job’s son, Thomas married Elizabeth Maxwell, niece of Daniel Defoe who wrote “Robinson Crusoe.” — Map (db m1765) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Cecil County Doughboy Monument
This monument is erected by the people of Cecil County in grateful recognition of the services of the men and women of this county who, on land or at sea served their country in the Great World War - 1914 - 1918 - and in especial remembrance of the . . . — Map (db m3569) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Creswell Hall
The home of John A. J. Creswell who nominated James Buchanan for President in 1856 and turned Republican in 1861. He was successively Assistant-Adjutant General of Maryland, member of the House of Representatives, Senator and Postmaster by . . . — Map (db m1773) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Elkton — Originally called “Head of Elk”
Lafayette embarked his troops March 8, 1781 to capture Benedict Arnold. Returned April 9, began overland march to Virginia April 12, 1781. Washington and Rochambeau with their combined forces stopped Sept. 6-7, 1781 on way to Yorktown. — Map (db m1474) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Elkton, Wedding Capital of the East
In the early 20th century, Maryland had no waiting period for issuing marriage licenses, and couples from throughout the Northeast flocked to Elkton—the first county seat south of the State line—where they could be married without delay. . . . — Map (db m1935) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Fighting Back — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
British raiders traveled along rivers to Upper Bay towns in 1813. Elkton, at the head of Elk River, expected to be a target, because it could be a landing site for an advance on Philadelphia. Citizens of Elkton built three earthen forts and placed . . . — Map (db m73837) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Frenchtown
Frenchtown, one mile west of this marker, was an important link in the north-south travel route during the 18th and 19th centuries. As a depot, it was burned by the British under Admiral Cockburn on April 29, 1813. — Map (db m1526) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Henry Delbert and E. Delbert Bros. Barge Building — Elk Landing 1889 to 1911
Workers outfitting anchor chain on the barge “Arundel”. She was 215ft. long, 30 ft. wide and 25ft. deep. Notice the large expanse of marshland across the Elk Creek in the area of Fort Defiance.

An estimated 200 “Schooner . . . — Map (db m96598) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Hollingsworth House
About 1750 Zebulon Hollingsworth built the approximately 30 x 30 foot left hand section as a brick two story dwelling. In the mid-1800s it was gutted by fire and rebuilt as three stories with a low pitched roof. Also the two story right hand side . . . — Map (db m69814) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Holly Hall
Built c. 1810–1820 by James Sewall. He was Clerk of Cecil County Court 1805–1841; Brigade Major of Maryland Militia and a Commander at nearby Fort Defiance in War of 1812; one of founders of Trinity Episcopal Church, Elkton in 1832. — Map (db m1478) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Mitchell House
Built in 1769 as the home of Dr. Abraham Mitchell, noted physician. During the Revolutionary War he converted the house into a hospital for the use of wounded soldiers of the Continental Army. General Lafayette was a friend of the Mitchell family . . . — Map (db m877) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — New Castle and Frenchtown Railroad — 1832–1853
One of the earliest in the United States, the line ran from New Castle on the Delaware River, crossed the highway here, and extended to Frenchtown on the Elk River 1 1/2 miles west of this point. — Map (db m1564) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Old Post Road — Established 1666
Where it crosses the Mason and Dixon Line, dividing the States of Maryland and Delaware. Run 1763–1767. — Map (db m1645) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Rock Presbyterian Church
Founded 1720 in North Milford Hundred, Cecil County, Maryland. First called New Erection on the Branches of Elk River, then Elk River Church, Great Elk, upper Elk and, since 1793, Rock. Present church erected 1761 remodeled in 1844 and 1900. — Map (db m1764) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Site of Fort Defiance
About one eighth mile south east on Elk River, American forces here and at Fort Hollingsworth (Elk Landing) repulsed the British under Admiral Cockburn in their attempt to capture Elkton, April 29, 1813. — Map (db m1644) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Site of Fort Hollingsworth
About three tenths mile south at Elk Landing, American forces here and at Fort Defiance, about one mile below on Elk River, repulsed the British under Admiral Cockburn in their attempt to capture Elkton, April 29, 1813. — Map (db m2228) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Spirited Rebuff — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812
The British took their terror campaign to the Elk River in April 1813. Their target—Elkton—was protected by several forts.

After capturing a gun battery at Frenchtown, British raiders destroyed its storehouses, a fishery, and . . . — Map (db m80363) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Strong Defense — Star Spangled Banner National Historic Trail-War of 1812 — Fort Hollingsworth-Elk Landing
Three defensive earthworks safeguarded Elkton---Fort Hollingsworth, here, plus Defiance and Frederick downriver. A 60-foot chain across the channel secured the Elk River. On April 29, 1813, defenders at Fort Defiance fired on approaching British . . . — Map (db m96591) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — The Hermitage
Part of Friendship Tract and home of Robert Alexander, delegate to the Provincial Convention of 1774 and to the Continental Convention of 1776. On August 25, 1777, he was host to Washington here and three days later offered allegiance to British . . . — Map (db m1475) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Valentine Hollingsworth (1632-1710) — (Patriarch of the Hollingsworth family in America)
Valentine Hollingsworth and 2nd wife, Anne Calvert, came to this country in 1682 about the same time as William Penn. He was the father of 11 children and lived in northern Delaware in the area now called Brandywine Hundred.

Son Henry . . . — Map (db m96587) HM

Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — War in the Chesapeake — Star-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
During the War of 1812 the young United States was embroiled in conflict with Great Britain. From 1812 to 1815 Americans fought to protect their rights and economic independence. They faced superior enemy forces on the homefront and the high . . . — Map (db m73838) HM
Maryland (Cecil County), Elkton — Wilna
Boyhood home of William Whann Mackall. Appointed to the U. S. Military Academy in 1834, resigned from the U. S. Army. Joined the confederacy and served on the staffs of Generals Albert Sydney Johnson, Braxton Bragg and Joseph E. Johnston. General . . . — Map (db m1735) HM

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