Before the age of railroads, the basic ingredients of iron production needed to be nearby. That explains why furnaces were built in rural settings surrounded by the necessary raw materials.
A source of iron ore was essential.
As the furnaces . . . — — Map (db m105071) HM
Erected in 1837 by Thaddeus Stevens and James D. Paxton. Stevens' antislavery stand led to its destruction by Gen. Jubal Early, June 26, 1863, on his way to York during the early Gettysburg campaign. — — Map (db m11618) HM
Erected 1837 by Thaddeus Stevens the great commoner father of the Pennsylvania common school system the first to advocate education for the mountaineer children early exponent of anti-slavery born April 4, 1792 died August 11, 1868 the entire works . . . — — Map (db m11697) HM
The ironmaking process was well-known and cold-blast furnaces built in 18th and 19th century America mimicked designs first used 400 years earlier. A thick stone furnace, shaped like a flat-topped pyramid served as the place of transformation, where . . . — — Map (db m105072) HM
The stone walls of this old building have withstood the adversities of time and people to stand in mute testament of historical events that helped shape a nation. Built in 1837, partners John Paxton and Thaddeus Stevens erected a blacksmith . . . — — Map (db m11700) HM
(Left Side): The Good Roads Jubilee One of the largest celebrations for the opening of a paved section of the Lincoln Highway was held here, at the Caledonia Forest Reserve Park, on October 4, 1921. The new paved section of the Lincoln . . . — — Map (db m11702) HM
It took hundreds of workers to produce iron, although only a few actually worked at the furnace. Fillers dumped carts or ore, charcoal and limestone into the seething tunnel head. The founder, assisted by a keeper, ordered ingredients, determined . . . — — Map (db m105073) HM