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Fort Monroe, Virginia Historical Markers

 
Engineer Wharf Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, May 28, 2017
Engineer Wharf Marker
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Engineer Wharf
Built by the Corps of Engineers about 1818, this was for many years a very important wharf. Jefferson Davis was landed here as a prisoner on May 22, 1865. — Map (db m103842) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived here in Aug. 1619 on the White Lion, an English privateer based in the Netherlands. Colonial officials traded food for these “20 and odd” Africans, who had been captured from a . . . — Map (db m129864) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Arsenal
Building 27 was constructed about 1860. During the Civil War, and for a number of years after, it was occupied by the machine shop of the Fort Monroe Arsenal. This arsenal specialized in the manufacture of seacoast gun carriages. — Map (db m103841) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe History
For Your Information Safety is our top priority at Fort Monroe Fort Monroe History Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early . . . — Map (db m103898) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe History
For Your Information Safety is our top priority at Fort Monroe Fort Monroe History Fort Monroe, decommissioned in 2011, provided coastal defense to the Chesapeake Bay and served as an artillery school for the Army from the early . . . — Map (db m103899) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Seawall HistoryProtecting the Coast
Strategic Location Fort Monroe occupies a peninsula in the shape of the letter "J" or a “fishhook" surrounded by the Chesapeake Bay, Hampton Roads, and Mill Creek. The southern tip of the peninsula is known as Old Point Comfort and . . . — Map (db m103859) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Seawall HistorySeawall Construction Details
The first concrete seawall, constructed at Fort Monroe between March and August of 1895, was designed to provide better protection against coastal flooding and erosion. This concrete wall extended 664 feet from the eastern edge of where . . . — Map (db m103860) HM
Virginia, Fort Monroe — Harbor Defense Regimental Distinctive Insignia
Harbor defense regiments were formed in the Coast Artillery Corps from SEP companies in 1924. The distinctive insignia of these regiments and station of the regimental headquarters in 1939 are shown on the signs of this battery. The regiments were . . . — Map (db m103843) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lantaka
Captured by U.S. forces during the Philippine Insurrection,   c. 1900. — Map (db m85984) WM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Gun-HowitzerModel 1857
. . . — Map (db m42458) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder HowitzerModel 1841
Bronze field piece Made for Confederates in 1862 by Tredegar Foundry, Richmond Smoothbore Diameter of bore     4.62 inches Overall length     58.6 inches Range     1072 yards (0.5 miles) — Map (db m42457) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 12-Pounder Howitzer
Fired a 12-pound cannonball. Probably captured during the Philippine Insurection,   c. 1900. — Map (db m42472) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 14 – Pounder James Rifle
Bronze field gun Made in 1862 for Union Forces by Ames Mfg. Company Chicopee, Massachusetts Diameter of Bore     4.125 inches Overall Length         73 inches Weight                   912 pounds — Map (db m42463) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — 3 – Inch Ordnance RifleModel 1861
. . . — Map (db m42470) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece Diameter of bore       3.74 inches Overall length       63 inches Made in Vienna in 1812 — Map (db m42461) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Austrian 6-Pounder Gun
Bronze field piece purchased by Confederates abroad Originally rifled; Converted to smoothbore Diameter of bore     3.74 inches Overall length   62 inches Made in Vienna in 1857 — Map (db m42464) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-92 — Confinement of Jefferson Davis
In this casemate Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States, was confined, May 22-October 2, 1865. As his health suffered in the casemate, he was removed to Carroll Hall in the fortress, where he remained from October, 1865, until May, . . . — Map (db m10144) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Eprouvette Mortar
Not a weapon; Used for testing powder Iron smoothbore Diameter of bore       5.655 inches Cast with bed-piece to give an elevation of 45 degrees Made in 1858 Initials of inspector on muzzle Peter V. Hagner — Map (db m42468) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-96 — First Africans in Virginia
The first documented Africans in Virginia arrived in August 1619 when a Dutch man-of-war landed here at Point Comfort. The Dutch captured the “twenty and odd” Africans from the Spanish, who had enslaved them, and traded them to the . . . — Map (db m73826) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-89 — Fort Algernourne
Near here Captain John Ratcliffe built Fort Algernourne, 1609. In 1614, it was a stockade containing fifty people and seven cannon. In 1632, the fort was rebuilt. It was discontinued after 1667. In 1727, a new fort, Fort George, was ordered built . . . — Map (db m73818) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-90 — Fort Monroe
The fort was begun in 1819 and named for President James Monroe. It remained in possession of the Union forces, 1861-65, and from it as a base McClellan began the Peninsular Campaign, 1862. Jefferson Davis was imprisoned here, 1865-67. — Map (db m10319) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort MonroeFreedom’s Fortress — 1862 Peninsula Campaign
Fort Monroe is the largest stone fortification ever built in the United States. Construction began in 1819 and continued for 15 years. Second Lt. Robert E. Lee served as an engineer at Fort Monroe from 1831 to 1834. During the Civil War, Fort . . . — Map (db m10357) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Fort Monroe Concrete Seawall Eastern Terminus
Fort Monroe Concrete Seawall Eastern Terminus The place where you are standing marks the terminus of a seawall constructed along the southern shores of Old Point Comfort at various periods between 1895 to the mid-twentieth century. This seawall . . . — Map (db m102144) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-94 — Freedom’s Fortress
Fort Monroe was the site of Major General Benjamin F. Butler’s decision in 1861 to accept escaping slaves as “contraband of war.” Thousands of former slaves who cast off their bondage and sought sanctuary here called this “The . . . — Map (db m10366) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Honoring Dr. John J. Craven
Honoring Dr. John J. Craven of the United States Army Whose Humanity, Intelligent Companionship and Professional Skill Lightened The Monotony, The Loneliness and the Physical Suffering of Jefferson Davis President of The Former . . . — Map (db m102138) WM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — John Mitchel
In memory of John Mitchel Nov. 30, 1815 – Mar. 20, 1875 Fearless and courageous southern journalist Staunch supporter of the Confederacy Editor-in-Chief, Richmond (VA) Enquirer Associate Editor, Richmond (VA) Examiner 1862 – 1865 who . . . — Map (db m16343) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lantaka
Probably used by Moros during the Philippine Insurrection,   c. 1900. — Map (db m42467) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lee's Quarters
Robert E. Lee, future Confederate General, was stationed at Fort Monroe 1831-1834 as a lieutenant of engineers. He had almost complete charge of construction and put the finishing touches on the fort. Lee's first child was born here in 1832. — Map (db m8614) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Lieutenant John Trout Greble
In memory of first U.S. regular army officer killed in action during the Civil War Lieutenant John Trout Greble 2d U.S. Artillery USMA class of 1854 A member of this garrison killed in action at Big Bethel 10 June 1861 USMA graduates Fort . . . — Map (db m16346) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-93 — Old Point Comfort Light
The lighthouse, built in 1802, is the oldest standing structure at Fort Monroe. It remains an active navigational aid, the property of the U.S. Coast Guard. During the War of 1812, the tower was used as a lookout by a British invasion force while . . . — Map (db m73848) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Omaha Beach Memorial Tree
This tree, planted with authentic soil from Omaha Beach of Normandy, France, commemorates the 40th anniversary of Allied forces’ landings on 6 June 1944. It stands as a memorial to sacrifices in battle and a tangible symbol of our heritage. Planted . . . — Map (db m12038) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Rodman GunSeacoast 8-inch Converted Rodman — US Model 1861 Serial Number 5
This piece was originally a 10-inch, smooth bore gun. It was converted in 1876 at the West Point foundry, New York, to an 8-inch rifle by inserting a rifled steel tube in the barrel. This particular conversion process was a failure as the system . . . — Map (db m42451) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Rodman GunSeacoast 8-inch Converted Rodman — US Model 1861 Serial Number 68
Originally cast as a 10-inch, smooth bore gun, this weapon was converted to an 8-inch rifle in 1884 at the South Boston Iron Works. The gun weighs 15,800 pounds, has a length of 144 inches and a diameter and a diameter of 35 inches. The ordnance . . . — Map (db m42452) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Spanish 1-½ Pounder
Fired a 1-½-pound cannonball. Probably captured during the Philippine Insurection,   c. 1900. — Map (db m42473) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — The Lincoln Gun
Cast in 1860, this was the first 15-inch Rodman Gun. Its range was more than four miles. Weight of the projectile was over 300 lbs. During Civil War it was used to bombard Confederate batteries on Sewells Point. The gun was named for President . . . — Map (db m10320) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — The Old Cistern
One of several large cisterns shown on a map of 1834. No potable water was ever found on Old Point Comfort, although one well was sunk to more than 900 feet. The garrison had to depend on cistern water and water brought in from wells on the mainland. — Map (db m10334) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — W-91 — The Zero Mile Post
This zero mile post is a replica of the original post that stood here at the end of the track on the Chesapeake and Ohio Railway, from which point all main line distances have been measured for the 664.9 miles to Cincinnati, Ohio, since 1889. The . . . — Map (db m73819) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Veterans of the Battle of the BulgeArdennes
In the largest land battle ever fought by the United States Army six hundred thousand valiant Americans rallied to defeat three powerful German armies in the snows of the Ardennes Forest of Belgium and Luxembourg. Almost 20 thousand soldiers made . . . — Map (db m11478) HM
Virginia (Hampton), Fort Monroe — Water Battery
Water Battery Built in 1832, this casemated battery protected the seaward approach to Fort Monroe. It was obsolete by the 1890’s and demolished soon thereafter. All that remains is this powder room. The high ground beyond it s all that remains of a . . . — Map (db m102143) HM

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