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Fort Lee, New Jersey Historical Markers

 
Marker at Fort Lee Historic Park image, Touch for more information
By Bill Coughlin, April 25, 2008
Marker at Fort Lee Historic Park
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Abatis Construction at Fort Lee
Fortifications were protected by obstacles, such as an abatis, or other major hindrances to assaulting troops. They were easily placed before a parapet, or breastwork, wherever trees were plentiful and were used to supplement defensive rampart walls . . . — Map (db m7735) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — American Éclair StudiosLinwood Avenue • Fort Lee, NJ — Film History Was Made Here
          In 1911, the Société Francaise des Films et Cinematographs Éclair purchased land on the west side of Linwood Avenue for the construction of a motion picture studio in downtown Fort Lee. Éclair was a manufacturer of film and film . . . — Map (db m54901) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Cannons
The word “cannon” is derived from the Latin canna, meaning tube, pipe or gun and dates back to the 13th Century. In the 1400’s, the term described a cylinder made from iron bars “soldered” together and fortified with . . . — Map (db m7737) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Christopher Columbus Memorial Plaza
Christopher Columbus Memorial Plaza Dedicated Oct. 11, 1971 Leonardo da Vinci Society Bergen County New Jersey ( Lower Plaques : ) Granite Monument donated by Anthony K. Macagna Bronze sculpture donated by Adeline Bracco in memory of . . . — Map (db m62906) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — F. F. Fred CavaliereEngine Company No. 1 — In Memorium
Killed in the Line of Duty at the Evans Film Fire – February 7th, 1925 Linwood Ave. & Main St. • Fort Lee, N.J.           On Saturday, February 7, 1925 the department responded to a fire at the National Evans Film Laboratory located at . . . — Map (db m54910) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Fort Lee Historic Park
Beneath these cliffs, Henry Hudson’s Half-Moon was welcomed by the Lenni Lenape Indians on September 3, 1609. Nearly 167 years later, this giant Bluff Rock became a strategic stronghold in the American War for Independence as the conflict raged . . . — Map (db m7707) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Fort Lee Road
Fort Lee Road (Main Street) was the main roadway to General Washington’s Headquarters in Hackensack. Supplies and men were in constant movement on the road to re-supply Fort Washington in New York. The Continental Army began it’s “Retreat to . . . — Map (db m7657) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — General George Washington1732-1799
General Washington was in Fort Lee many times during the Battle of New York. His main headquarters was in Hackensack, but had a temporary headquarters in Fort Lee near Anderson Avenue and Elizabeth Street. His main objective in Fort Lee was to . . . — Map (db m7647) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — General Henry Knox1750-1806
General Knox was the Commander of the Continental Army Artillery. He was in charge of the placement of the artillery cannons on the palisades in Fort Lee. His main objective was to stop the British fleet from sailing up the Hudson River. He was one . . . — Map (db m7650) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — General Horatio Gates1727-1806
General Gates was commissioned a Brigadier General and was appointed Adjutant General of the Continental Army in 1775 by orders of General Washington. He was in Fort Lee with General Washington in October 1776. — Map (db m7652) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — General Hugh Mercer1726-1777
Fort Lee was constructed by General Mercer on October 18, 1776 on orders from General George Washington. Originally called Fort Constitution, it was re-christened Fort Lee in honor of General Charles Lee, second in command of the Continental Army, . . . — Map (db m7653) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — General John “Black Jack” Pershing1860-1948
Spanish American War Mexican Expedition General of the Armies World War I Attended the dedication of Monument Park as keynote speaker in 1908 — Map (db m7656) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — General Nathaniel Greene1742-1786
General Greene took command of Fort Lee on September 17, 1776 from General James Iwing. At that time there were around 2,667 troops stationed in Fort Lee. The encampment was the main quartermaster post for supplying men and equipment to Fort . . . — Map (db m7648) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Historical Chronology 1776
(1) July 12 - Fort Lee’s fortifications laid out. Together with Fort Washington on the opposite bank and aided by a river barrier, the twin fortresses are intended to thwart British control of the Hudson. (2) July12 - General Howe’s forces . . . — Map (db m7745) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Liberty Tree Memorial
This American Liberty Elm was named after “The Liberty Tree: Our Country’s first Symbol of Freedom.” On the morning of August 14, 1765, the people of Boston awakened to discover two effigies suspended from an elm tree in protest of the . . . — Map (db m70392) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Military Magazine
The military magazine derives its name from the Arabic word, “Makhazin”, meaning granary, or storehouse. Revolutionary War magazines were constructed with emphasis on fire and waterproofing, easy accessibility to the guns serviced . . . — Map (db m7742) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Mortar Battery
Mortar shells from this battery plummeted down in high soaring arcs upon the warships, tearing through the canvas sails and bursting upon the wooden deck. This mortar battery, joined with heavy guns on both sides of the River, made running the . . . — Map (db m7705) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Musketry Breastwork
This defensive breastwork was built on the western edge of the bluff and guarded the road from Burdette’s Ferry to the west (to the Bastion). The parapets of timber filled with soil were built upon a stone base and were sufficient height to afford . . . — Map (db m7710) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Old Army Road
Old Army Road, now called Palisade Road, was used by General Washington and his staff to reach the palisades for observing movement on the Hudson River crossings and New York. The road was also used to re-supply General Knox’s artillery positioned . . . — Map (db m7658) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Palisades Interstate Park
Palisades Interstate Park has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the History of the United . . . — Map (db m7344) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Preserving the Palisades
Through the 1890s, quarries blasted the Palisades for stone to make gravel and concrete. The largest of these, Carpenter Brothers’ quarry, was just south of here (background photograph and B). Many thousands of tons of broken rock were taken . . . — Map (db m47511) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Protection of the Hudson River
On July 12th, 1776, the British warships Phoenix and Rose sailed beneath the unarmed Bluff Rock, later named Fort Lee. This provocative action led Congress to order General Washington “By every art and whatever expense to obstruct effectively . . . — Map (db m7712) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Solax StudiosLemoine Ave • Fort Lee, NJ — Film History Was Made Here
          The Solax Studio was built in 1912 by Alice Guy Blaché, who had begun directing films for the Gaumont Company in Paris in 1896. In 1907, Leon Gaumont sent Alice and her new husband, Herbert Blaché, to take charge of Gaumont’s . . . — Map (db m72627) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Soldier Hut
At Fort Lee, “hutting” – the building of permanent huts – was started at General Greene’s command to: “Fix proper places for barracks, none to be nearer the fort than 50 rods…build timber huts…boards are to be had . . . — Map (db m7738) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Soldiers of the American Revolution- 1776 –
(Front of Monument) : In commemoration of the Soldiers of the American Revolution - 1776 – Erected by the State of New Jersey under the auspices of the Fort Lee Revolutionary Monument Association - 1908 – (Left of . . . — Map (db m7348) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — The American CrisisThomas Paine – December 1776
These are the times that try men’s souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. In celebration of Fort . . . — Map (db m47538) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — The Barbette Battery
This battery was believed to be the “Barbette Battery” as its location commanded a large field of fire of the river, stretching North to South from the Chevaux-De-Frise to the Bluff Rock’s southern edge. A Barbette Battery’s guns . . . — Map (db m7740) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Thomas Paine1737-1809
Author-Soldier “Common Sense”                     “American Crisis”   January 10, 1776                   December 19, 1776 Thomas Paine volunteered for the Continental Army. He marched to Amboy, New Jersey, located off . . . — Map (db m7655) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Veterans of the Battle of the BulgeArdennes
Dedicated to the men and women of the United States Army who participated in the Battle of the Bulge during World War II in Belgium and Luxembourg the greatest land battle fought by the United States Army under extreme winter conditions suffering . . . — Map (db m54913) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Washington’s Retreat to VictoryNovember 20th, 1776
New Jersey is known as the Crossroads of the American Revolution and this Fort Lee crossroad on Main Street represents one of the most important sites in the United States. Here, on present day Main Street, Major General Nathanael Greene led the . . . — Map (db m70375) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Washington’s Retreat to VictoryNovember 20th, 1776
This retreat route on Main Street in Fort Lee, N.J. enabled General George Washington’s army to escape capture from the British and prevent the end of the War for Independence. Patriot and soldier Thomas Paine wrote about his experience in Fort Lee . . . — Map (db m70376) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Washington’s Retreat to VictoryNovember 20th, 1776
British Lieutenant General Charles Lord Cornwallis and five thousand of his troops crossed the Hudson River and made their way to Fort Lee from Huyler’s Landing Road on November 20th, 1776. General Nathanael Greene, warned of the invasion by a . . . — Map (db m70384) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Washington’s Retreat to VictoryNovember 20th, 1776
The Continental Army’s retreat route ran from the bluffs of Fort Lee’s Palisades, site of the American fortifications and nearby encampment, west on Fort Lee Road (present day Main Street) and continued west through the current towns of Leonia, . . . — Map (db m70433) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — Willat/Fox & Triangle StudiosLinwood Avenue • Fort Lee, NJ. — Film History Was Made Here
          The Willat Film Manufacturing Corp. began assembling property at the northwest corner of Main Street and Linwood Avenue in 1913, and by 1915 owned three lots occupying nearly half this block. Carl A. Willatowski, a film pioneer known . . . — Map (db m54905) HM
New Jersey (Bergen County), Fort Lee — World/Peerless & Metropolitan StudiosLewis Street • Fort Lee, NJ. — Film History Was Made Here
          Jules Brulatour, who had earned a fortune as the agent for George Eastman’s motion picture film, built the Peerless studio on Lewis Street in 1914. It was the original home of the World Film Corporation, which Brulatour formed with . . . — Map (db m54909) HM

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