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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Glen Echo
By Allen C. Browne, May 24, 2017
“A riotous country jumble” Marker
|Clara Barton's property was a reflection of her personality: practical, thrifty, and just a bit eccentric. Visitors to her home frequently commented on the utilitarian grounds filled with fruit trees and rows of vegetables instead of formal gardens. . . . — — Map (db m103973) HM|
|The Coaster Dips came to the park in 1921. Higher climbs and deeper dips added over the next 48 years guaranteed the ride remained a favorite. The roller coaster was dismantled after the park closed in 1968. — — Map (db m3214) HM|
|The Dentzel carousel came to the park in 1921 as a replacement for a smaller carousel. Built in the Philadelphia style, the hand-carved, wooden animals create a menagerie type featuring rabbits, ostriches, a giraffe, a lion, a tiger and a deer in . . . — — Map (db m3224) HM|
Beyond the trees stands a Victorian House as unique as its owner. This house was built for Clara Barton in 1891 by Edward and Edwin Baltzley as part of the National Chautauqua at Glen Echo. With 30 rooms serving as offices, bedrooms, and storage, . . . — — Map (db m45000) HM|
|"You have never known me without work;
while able, you never will." —Clara Barton
Clara Barton lived a life that transcended limitations. She built a career of humanitarian service in a society that did not grant her full rights . . . — — Map (db m45245) HM|
|Development of Trolleys. Electric trolleys were introduced to the United States in 1888 in Richmond, Virginia, and quickly became the predominant mode of public transportation used throughout the first third of the 20th century. These vehicles . . . — — Map (db m306) HM|
|Known in the 1920’s as The Skooter and in the 1930’s as the Dodgem, Glen Echo Park’s bumper car ride was one of the first in any amusement park in the world.
The Art Deco facade was added in the 1930’s.
Today’s rehabilitated Bumper Car . . . — — Map (db m3230) HM|
|In the midst of the Great Depression, the Crystal Pool provided a haven. It was big enough for 3,000 swimmers and featured a sand beach. The Art Deco style of the pool became Glen Echo’s new look. — — Map (db m3229) HM|
|Clara Barton House has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — — Map (db m70672) HM|
|On June 30, 1960 African Americans Gwendolyn Greene (Britt), William Griffin, Michael Proctor, Marvous Saunders and Cecil Washington Jr. were arrested when they attempted to ride Glen Echo Park's Dentzel Carousel and were charged with trespassing on . . . — — Map (db m30484) HM|
|For more than 100 years this land, now Glen Echo Park, has been dedicated to the people: first in 1891 as a National Chautauqua Assembly, a center where people could participate in the sciences, arts, languages, and literature; second in 1899 as a . . . — — Map (db m380) HM|
| Fun is where you find it...
Glen Echo Park, the Washington DC Metro area's premier amusement park from 1898 to 1968, is the only amusement park preserved by the National Park system. In the early 1890's this was a National Chautauqua . . . — — Map (db m130060) HM|
| The Park Carousel
A park highlight is the 1921 Dentzel Carousel. In 1960, the park's first Civil Rights protest occurred on the Carousel. After Glen Echo Park became a national park unit, local residents raised $80,000 in one month to keep . . . — — Map (db m131203) HM|
|The entrance to Glen Echo Park has undergone many changes. The 1940 art deco design has been restored, but prior entrances included a stone entrance in the 1890's with the early trolley lines in front and the 1911 entrance, which featured numerous . . . — — Map (db m5754) HM|
|Among the familiar structures in this aerial photo are old attractions - the Fun House, Coaster Dips, Crystal Pool, and Flying Scooter. Still present in the park today are the Ballroom, the Arcade and the Dentzel Carousel as well as other smaller . . . — — Map (db m5752) HM|
|The Chautaugua Program at Glen Echo opened June 16, 1891 and offered classes and lectures in all areas of the liberal and practical arts. The education program ran for only one year, but the buildings were used by the amusement park for decades. The . . . — — Map (db m5753) HM|
|On June 30, 1960 local university students and citizens began a sit-in confrontation and picket line to challenge the long-standing segregation policies at the Park. Their efforts succeeded in 1961 when the Park's private owner, Rekab, Inc., finally . . . — — Map (db m5750) HM|
|Social dancing has been an important attraction at Glen Echo since the 1890's. The Spanish Garden Ballroom, built in 1933 in the Spanish Mission Revival style of architecture, boasted a 7,000 square-foot maple dance floor, colorful columns and red . . . — — Map (db m5751) HM|
|For the trolley parks of the 1900’s, pools were important, lucrative attractions. They provided a place for people to swim without having to travel the long miles to the beach. One such pool, Kennywood Park Pool in Pittsburgh, opened in 1925 and was . . . — — Map (db m3227) HM|
|Beginning in 1940, a new Art Deco arcade was added to Glen Echo park. Designed by the firm of Edward Schoeppe of Philadelphia, also the chief architect of the Crystal Pool and Spanish Ballroom, the arcade was constructed in stages from 1940 to . . . — — Map (db m3231) HM|
|This deep ravine and rocky creep are typical of streams in the Potomac River Valley. Today Minnehaha Creek flows freely through Glen Echo Park. Changes made to the creek during the past 100 years mirror the history of Glen Echo Park.
The . . . — — Map (db m131202) HM|
From its beginnings as a National Chautauqua to its years as an amusement park, Glen Echo has experienced countless changes. Some of the old Glen Echo Park remains, but much of it has not survived. Many old amusements, like . . . — — Map (db m3228) HM|
|Early headquarters of the American Red Cross and home of Clara Barton, founder and First President, who lived here until her death in 1912. Located just south of this marker, the house had an unusual interior of Steamboat Gothic design with railed . . . — — Map (db m303) HM|
|Did you know a heroine lived right here in Glen Echo, Maryland? Fearless, selfless. and determined, Clara Barton dedicated her life to helping others. Know as the “Angel of the Battlefield” during the Civil War and founder of the . . . — — Map (db m104015) HM|
|Yurts Around the World. These interesting and unusual buildings function as studios and classrooms in Glen Echo Park. Yurts have a long history. In Mongolia, yurts have been practical homes for thousands of years. In fact the word yurt . . . — — Map (db m37571) HM|
|If you were in this spot in 1891, you would have seen a two-story building nestled in trees overlooking the Potomac River and Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. The Hall of Philosophy was part of the National Chautauqua Assembly at Glen Echo, which offered . . . — — Map (db m104011) HM|
| Roller Coasters.
The first primitive version of a roller coaster called the “Flying Mountain” emerged in Russia in the 1400’s. Americans encountered their first taste of a roller coaster-like thrill ride in 1827 when Josiah . . . — — Map (db m3226) HM|
|The Early Trolley Park.
In 1888 in Richmond, Virginia, Frank Sprague revolutionized American travel with his invention of the electric trolley. A new fast and economical transportation dawned. Suburban communities, like Glen Echo, soon opened . . . — — Map (db m24185) HM|