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Gloucester Point, Virginia Historical Markers

 
Map of Chesapeake Bay. image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, May 2, 2009
Map of Chesapeake Bay.
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — A Vital British Outpost at Gloucester Point
“They have one or two little works to preserve a communication with the Country.” American General Anthony Wayne describes the British defenses at Gloucester Point, 1781 In 1781, large armies and important events came to . . . — Map (db m18704) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — After the Surrender at Yorktown
Near this place on October 19, 1781, a surrender occurred one hour after the Surrender at Yorktown. The British troops under Lieutenant Colonel Banastre Tarleton surrendered to the French Brigadier General M. de Choisy, Commander of the French . . . — Map (db m18697) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Attacking with “Decisive Vigor”The Battle of the Hook
“…the Cavalry…has attaqued them, pierced through and…have had a great advantage of them.” Duc de Choisy to George Washington, October 3, 1781 One of the largest cavalry battles of the Revolution was fought a few miles north . . . — Map (db m18706) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Classic Camp LifeThe Union Army Occupies Gloucester Point
“The name of our Fort is Fort Keyes, and it is strongly fortified. There is about 2000 men on this side of the [York] river and 2 batterys…” Private Stephen T. Buckson, 4th Delaware infantry Regiment, March 16, 1863, at Gloucester . . . — Map (db m18745) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — NW-10 — Early Land Patent
Argoll Yeardley patented 4000 acres of land, known as Tyndall's Neck, here on the north side of Charles (now York) River, October 12, 1640. This was one of the first land patents north of the York River. — Map (db m18649) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Freedom is Won
"I have the mortification to inform your Excellency that I have been forced to give up the posts of York and Gloucester, and to surrender the troops under my command, by capitulation on the 19th instant, as prisoners of war to the combined forces . . . — Map (db m30142) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Gloucester PointAncient Defender of the York — 1862 Peninsula Campaign —
The earthworks before you are the remains of the star-shaped “covering work” that helped to defend the York River against Union attack from 1861 to 1862. Tyndall’s (Gloucester) Point was first fortified in 1667 and was officially named . . . — Map (db m18642) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — 9-NA — Gloucester Point
Known first as Tyndall's Point. The colonists built a fort here in 1667. In 1676 Bacon led his rebels across the river here. Tarleton and Dundas occupied the place in October, 1781, in the siege of Yorktown. Cornwallis planned to break through the . . . — Map (db m18643) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Gloucester PointThe 1781 Siege of Yorktown
“The works on the Gloucester side are in some forwardness, and I hope a situation to resist a sudden attack.” General Charles Lord Cornwallis to General Sir Henry Clinton, August 12, 1781. While the earthworks in front of you . . . — Map (db m18695) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Harvesting Nature's Bounty
Since before the arrival of European settlers, residents of Gloucester have been harvesting the bounty of the Bay. The waters are home to more than 2,700 species of plants and animals. Commercially important species are blue crabs, clams, oysters . . . — Map (db m30356) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Mother Nature Comes Calling
Fierce storms often pummel Gloucester Point. Offshore low-pressure systems rotating counterclockwise, generate strong northeasterly winds that hit the east-facing beach head-on. These "nor-easters" are not the only severe storms to visit Gloucester. . . . — Map (db m30145) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Natives, Explorers, Tobacco and BuccaneersThe Early History of Gloucester Point
“I made a draughte of our river…by us discovered.” Robert Tyndall to Henry, Prince of Wales In 1600, this tidewater land was part of a vast American Indian empire ruled by the Powhatan nation. English mariner and mapmaker . . . — Map (db m18703) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — On to Richmond!McClellan Invades the Virginia Tidewater
“It is indispensable to you that you strike a blow...you must act.” President Abraham Lincoln to General George B. McClellan, April 6, 1862 The York River Confederate defenses were tested early in the Civil War. A large Union . . . — Map (db m18735) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Port of Call
Gloucester Point's geographic location has always been the county's tie to the Chesapeake Bay and beyond. In 1707, Gloucestertown was laid out on the bluff above the thriving tobacco port on the Point. In the days before the extensive road systems . . . — Map (db m30143) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Still Defending Virginia’s ShoresGloucester Point Today
“Seeking knowledge and solutions through coastal marine science.” Mission of the Virginia Institute of Marine Science When Robert Tyndall sailed past Gloucester Point in 1608, the York River and the Chesapeake Bay were . . . — Map (db m18746) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — The British Safety ValveAn Attempted Escape from Gloucester Point
“Thus expired the last hope of the British army.” Colonel Banastre Tarleton On the night of October 16, 1871, after almost three weeks of the American-French siege, the British defenses at Yorktown were crumbling. In a last . . . — Map (db m18725) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — To Get to the Other Side
Since Colonial times, travel across the York River at Gloucester Point has been an important part of daily life during peace and war. Until the middle of the Twentieth Century, ferries were the only method of making the transit. In 1952, the . . . — Map (db m30144) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Virginia Institute of Marine Science(VIMS)
Using science to… Increase oyster and clam production Model Bay dynamics Identify aquatic disease Reduce billfish by-catch Trace contaminants Understand food web production Increase blue crab populations Explore bottom . . . — Map (db m31623) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Virginia's First Shots in the Civil War
The Confederate army recognized that Gloucester Point was critical to Virginia's river defense. The Point had been continuously fortified since 1667. In an opening action of the Civil war, the first shots in Virginia were fired on May 3, 1861 . . . — Map (db m30117) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Welcome to Gloucester PointA Point for the Defense
You are standing at the entrance to Tyndall’s Point Park. These protected remains of a Civil War fort survive to help take us back into the history of Gloucester Point. Nearby, you will find signs and brochures explaining events that occurred here . . . — Map (db m18698) HM
Virginia (Gloucester County), Gloucester Point — Where North Meets SouthVirginia Fortifies Gloucester Point
“Just throw three or four shells among those blue-bellied Yankees and they’ll scatter like sheep.” Bravado from a North Carolina Confederate in May, 1861 Eighty years after the decisive events at Yorktown, a major war again . . . — Map (db m18731) HM

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