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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Governors Island, New York Historical Markers

 
Remembering September 11th Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Coughlin, September 10, 2011
Remembering September 11th Marker
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Across the Harbor: Remembering September 11th
On September 11, 2001 two hijacked planes were flown into the two towers of the World Trade Center. As the towers collapsed, nearly 3,000 people were killed. Today, this site – less than a mile from where the towers once stood – serves . . . — Map (db m47036) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Andes Road
Named in memory of 2nd Lieutenant James C. Andes, D.S.C. H Co., 16th Infantry Killed in action in France July 19, 1918 — Map (db m47163) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Castle WilliamsChanging with the Times
[ Side 1 ] A Place Worth ProtectingThe same waterways that connected New York City to the world made it vulnerable to naval attack. During the Revolutionary War, a British maritime force captured New York. In the early days of . . . — Map (db m47020) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Castle WilliamsChanging with the Times
Welcome to Castle Williams. This stone fort was built in 1811 to defend New York City against naval assault. The attack never came. Over the next two hundred years, the once state-of-the-art fort was re-used: as housing for army recruits, as a . . . — Map (db m47039) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Clayton Road
Named in memory of Colonel Bertram T. Clayton Headquarters, 1st Division Killed in action in France May 30, 1918 — Map (db m47098) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Colonels’ RowGovernors Island
Once known as Brick Row or Regimental Row and now as Colonels’ Row, the group of eight brick houses in front of you was built by the Army between 1893 and 1917. Although all were built to standard Army plans, slight variations over the years have . . . — Map (db m47094) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Comfort Road
Named in memory of Captain Willis E. Comfort, D.S.C. F Co. 16th Infantry Killed in action in France July 18, 1918 — Map (db m47059) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Commanding Officer’s QuartersGovernors Island
This imposing residence is the Commanding Officer’s Quarters, also known as the Admiral’s House (after the most recent Coast Guard residents.) Built in the Greek revival style, it was completed in 1843. The house was designed by prominent New York . . . — Map (db m47123) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Division Road
Named in honor of the 1st Division, U.S. Army Mexican War * Spanish American War Philippine Insurrection World War I * World War II Occupation of Germany — Map (db m47065) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Evans Road
Named in memory of 2d Lieutenant Ewin V. Evans, D.S.C. F Co. 16th Infantry Killed in action in France July 20, 1918 — Map (db m47200) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Flight on Governors IslandGovernors Island
The new Governors Island landfill was only just complete – a largely empty dust blown expanse of over 100 acres – when it gained fame for its role in the budding aviation industry. In 1909, the Hudson-Fulton Celebration took place to . . . — Map (db m69794) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Fort Jay
This important example of military architecture is a dramatic reminder of the early defenses erected in New York Harbor to protect the City from invasion by sea. Like so many other early fortifications in this country, its star-shaped plan was . . . — Map (db m47014) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Governors Island
. . . — Map (db m47009) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Governors Island
Called by the Indians “Pagganck,” was purchased from two members of the Indian tribe of Manahatas named Carapetayne and Pehiwas by Wouter Van Twiller, a Governor and Director General of New Nether- land – June 16, 1637; The price . . . — Map (db m47023) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Governors Island History in BriefGovernors Island
Governors Island boasts a long military history and has played an important role in every major American military engagement since the Revolutionary War, including the War of 1812, the Civil War, World War I, World War II and the Gulf War. First . . . — Map (db m47165) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Governors Island Medical BuildingsGovernors Island
This Greek revival style building was constructed in 1839 to serve as a post hospital. In its earliest configuration, the hospital consisted of two wards on the first floor and three smaller wards on the second. The basement contained offices, a . . . — Map (db m47193) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Group Effort
Before airplanes and missiles, the United States defended itself with fortifications along its coast and harbors. In this harbor a system of forts stood ready to protect New York; nearly a dozen were built before the War of 1812. Cannons in the . . . — Map (db m47035) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — John Peter Zenger
The renowned champion of the freedom of the press spent his first days in America on Governors Island. As a 13 year old boy he arrived in New York in 1710 with thousands of refugees from the Palatinate, who were quartered for a time on this island. . . . — Map (db m47029) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Kimmel Road
Named in memory of Captain Harry L. Kimmel, D.S.C. 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry Killed in action in France October 18, 1916 — Map (db m47056) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Liggett HallGovernors Island
In 1902, Secretary of War Elihu Root asked the Prominent New York architectural firm of McKim, Meade & White to create a grand master plan for a new Army base on Governors Island. Part of Root’s vision was the expansion of the Island using . . . — Map (db m47090) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Maj. General Hanson E. Ely Retirement1931
To Maj. General Hanson E. Ely, upon the eve of his retirement. This tablet is dedicated with esteem and affection by the officers and enlisted men of the sixteenth United States Infantry. The precedent for duty well performed established by these, . . . — Map (db m47030) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — McKim, Meade & White, Architects of Governors IslandGovernors Island
The design and layout of Governors Island National Historic District owes much of its development to changing times and roles. From early Dutch settlement to its incarnations as a military base to the US Army and the Coast Guard, Governors Island . . . — Map (db m47183) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Middens and Reefs
Oyster Middens, or piles of discarded shells, once littered the landscape of Manhattan and its neighboring shores, a testament to the astonishing abundance of the indigenous European Oyster, Crassostrea virginica. Archaeologists have . . . — Map (db m47226) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Nolan Park
in honor of Dennis E. Nolan Major General Commander of The United States First Army Governors Island, 1933-1936 Dedicated August 10, 1956Map (db m47064) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Omaha Dock
This dock is named in honor of the First United States Army soldiers who landed in Normandy during the invasion of France in World War II Dedicated by First United States Army 6 June 1964 — Map (db m47054) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Oysters in the Harbor: A History
Oyster reefs were once a key feature of the New York / New Jersey Harbor Estuary’s ecosystem. Oysters helped to feed New Amsterdam residents, particularly in winter when other foods were scarce. Oysters in fact remained the most common local street . . . — Map (db m47224) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Pershing Hall
In honor of John J. Pershing General of the Armies First Commander of the United States First Army August 10, 1918 — Map (db m47047) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Pershing HallGovernors Island
Constructed in 1934, Pershing Hall functioned continually as an Army and Coast Guard headquarters building until 1996. It was named in honor of John E. Pershing, General of the Armies and First Commander of the First Army in 1918. Pershing led all . . . — Map (db m47195) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Polo on Governors IslandGovernors Island
One of the most popular pastimes for officers stationed on Governors Island was polo. It provided officers stationed here a unique recreational opportunity and provided a way to hone their riding skills. Polo was first introduced to the United . . . — Map (db m47186) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Reagan-Gorbachev Meeting 1988Quarters 403
Chairman Gorbachev made his final preparations here before participating in the historic luncheon at Quarters 1 with President Reagan and Vice President Bush on 7 December 1988. During that time, he also composed his first communique to the U.S.S.R. . . . — Map (db m21156) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Slate Roofs on Colonels Row
Above your head is nearly three million square feet of historic roofs. More than sixty percent of these roofs are covered in historic slate. In 2008, the Governors Island Preservation and Education Corporation (GIPEC) undertook the repair of these . . . — Map (db m47205) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Soissons Dock
Commemorating the heroic participation of the 16th U.S. Infantry Regiment from Governors Island in its victorious attack against German forces near Soissons, France July 18, 1918 in which action the regiment suffered 1,734 casualties, more than 57 . . . — Map (db m47010) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — St. Cornelius ChapelGovernors Island
During the first seven decades of American military use of Governors Island, there was no post chapel. In 1844, a Columbia College Episcopal Reverend, John M. McVickar, was commissioned post chaplain. His tireless efforts, combined with the . . . — Map (db m47160) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Students and Soldiers of Freedom
In keeping with the American tradition that men will defend freedom with both ideas and arms, this plaque is presented to Fort Jay by the Association of the Alumni of Columbia College to memorialize the fact that in 1794 students and faculty of . . . — Map (db m47019) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Block House (Governors Island)
The design of this classic and austere Greek Revival building of the early 1840s is attributed to architect Martin E. Thompson. It is called the "Block House" because it was used for a time as a military prison. This stone-trimmed brick structure . . . — Map (db m21154) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Buttermilk Channel and Brooklyn WaterfrontGovernors Island
This view looks over the Buttermilk Channel to the Brooklyn waterfront, located only 400 yards away. Many theories surround the naming of this narrow waterway. In years past, the channel was much wider and shallower than it is today – before . . . — Map (db m47109) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Dutch and Governors IslandGovernors Island
The Dutch East India Company commissioned Henry Hudson to identify a northwest passage to the Indies. As a part of that effort, Hudson entered New York Bay on September 11, 1609 in his vessel The Half Moon and sailed up the river that now bears his . . . — Map (db m47130) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Early Birds
Early aviation history was made here when these pioneers flew powered aircraft to and from this site between 1909—1916. Wilbur Wright • Lincoln Beachy • Glenn H. Curtiss • Eugene Ely • Charles K. Hamilton • Hugh A. Robinson • Harry . . . — Map (db m20975) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Fort Jay TheaterGovernors Island
On Governors Island, a boat ride away from the activities of New York City, entertainment could be hard to come by. Nevertheless, performances were a part of life on the Island for many years. Early performances took place in an old YMCA building . . . — Map (db m47189) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Governor’s HouseDesignated Landmark New York City
Erected as a home for the British Colonial governors in pre-Revolutionary New York, this Georgian style residence is one of the very few 18th-century mansions to have survived in the City. It is thought to have been built for Lord Cornbury in 1708 . . . — Map (db m47034) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Governor’s HouseGovernors Island
The Governor’s House was constructed in 1813 as a guardhouse for the Island. Its location on a bluff overlooking Buttermilk Channel and the primary Island dock was ideally suited for this purpose. By 1824, it was used as the residence for the . . . — Map (db m47126) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Governors House
Believed to have been erected before 1708 Was used for many years as the home of the Provincial Governors of New York On this island was organized on December 25, 1757 the Loyal American Regiment 60th Foot commanded by Lord Jeffrey Amherst This . . . — Map (db m47032) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The New York ArsenalGovernors Island
In 1832, the US War Department moved the New York Arsenal to Governors Island. The arsenal was part of the Ordnance Department of the Army and was considered its own Army post, functioning separately from Fort Jay. The New York Arsenal did not . . . — Map (db m47199) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The Pershing Oak
To honor the memory of General of the Armies John J. Pershing First Commander of the United States First Army this tree was planted on the one hundredth anniversary of his birth 13 September 1960 — Map (db m47049) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The South Battery1790             1826
Erected during the War of 1812 to guard Buttermilk Channel. Used as a barracks for the fife and drum corps of the garrison from 1836 until the first officers’ mess was established here June 20, 1879. Reorganized as the Officers’ Club February 3, . . . — Map (db m47022) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — The South BatteryGovernors Island
The South Battery, or Half-Moon Battery, was erected prior to the War of 1812, in concert with the construction of Castle Williams. A battery is a fortification equipped with artillery. This arrow-shaped fortification was built into the hillside . . . — Map (db m47104) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Tower Carillon Chimes
In memory of The Armed Forces of 1st Army who gave their lives for peace 1941 – 1945 — Map (db m47228) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — West
“The Lighthouse Act of 1790 was sponsored by Alexander Hamilton and signed by George Washington at a time when the Federal Government capital was New York City. On the New York and New Jersey coastlines stand many historical lighthouses, . . . — Map (db m47043) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Wheeler Avenue
Named in memory of 1st Lieutenant David E. Wheeler Medical Detachment, 16th Infantry Killed in action in France July 18, 1918 — Map (db m47121) HM
New York (New York County), Governors Island — Yankee Pier
Yankee Pier is one of six docks and piers on Governors Island. It was built to hold large Coast Guard cutters. Cutters are vessels that are at least 65 feet long and can accommodate a crew living on board. The Y shape of the pier made it easier . . . — Map (db m47202) HM

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