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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Great Falls

 
A Life-size Montanoceratops and "Nibbles" Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, August 19, 2019
A Life-size Montanoceratops and "Nibbles" Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — "Nibbles"A Life-size Montanoceratops
"Nibbles," a Montanoceratops cerorynchus (sic, cerorhynchos?), was a small plant eating dinosaur from the late cretaceous period. The species is about 68 million years old and was discovered in 1942 in the St. Mary River Formation in North Central . . . — Map (db m143859) HM
2Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — 305 Third Avenue NorthNorthside Residential Historic District
A graceful wraparound porch with square posts, a central entry beneath a projecting gable, and transomed windows distinguish this charming vernacular example of the Greek Revival style. Inside, a rounded hall ceiling adds lovely period elegance. The . . . — Map (db m143826) HM
3Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — 315 Fourth Avenue NorthGreat Falls Historic District
Great Falls’ premier residential street, Fourth Avenue North, gained 24 new homes between 1900 and 1910. Among them was this substantial residence, constructed in 1904 for bookkeeper Edgar Newlon and his wife Anna. The home is a classic American . . . — Map (db m143823) HM
4Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — A "great" Set of Falls
Hidasta informants described a fall of water on the Missouri River near the mountains, so the Captains expected a short portage. Instead of one waterfall, Lewis happened upon a succession of five, and their hope for a short portage faded. Look . . . — Map (db m80319) HM
5Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — A.W. Kingsbury HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
Pictured in 1909 in the Great Falls Tribune under the headline “A Great Falls Residence,” this Queen Anne style house was hardly typical of its day. An imposing two-and-one-half-story structure, the elegant home was built in 1901 for . . . — Map (db m143815) HM
6Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Abe and Carrie Kaufman ResidenceNorthside Residential Historic District
A dramatic living room fireplace, crystal chandelier, and boxed-beam dining room ceiling are among the original fixtures continuing to decorate the interior of the Abe and Carrie Kaufman residence. Neoclassical, Craftsman, and Victorian detailing . . . — Map (db m143816) HM
7Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Anaconda Company Manager's HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
The Boston and Montana Consolidated Copper and Silver Mining Company, later acquired by the Anaconda Company, chose a treeless bluff overlooking the river to locate its smelter and refinery in 1892. Among the seventeen managers’ houses built at . . . — Map (db m143828) HM
8Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Arvon BlockGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
During the busy 1890s, Great Falls’ business district swarmed with activity. City boosters such as pioneer rancher Robert Vaughn expressed confidence in the town’s future by investing in commercial real estate. Vaughn commissioned an unknown . . . — Map (db m143679) HM
9Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Black Eagle Falls
The uppermost of the Great Falls of the Missouri bears west of this point. The name is a modern one derived from an entry for June 14th, 1805 in the journal of Capt. Meriwether Lewis of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He discovered the falls on that . . . — Map (db m80427) HM
10Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Boyd HouseGreat Falls Northside Residential Historic District
By 1910, the Queen Anne style had lost much of its allure. Once admired, its artistic jumble of angles, textures, and colors had become reviled as cluttered and artificial. This rejection of complexity was gradual, and many houses—like this . . . — Map (db m143856) HM
11Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Bus Depot and GarageGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
Streamline Moderne architecture celebrated America’s engineering prowess. The style—which offered an optimistic response to the woes of the Great Depression—promised a better future through technology. Its celebration of speed and . . . — Map (db m143678) HM
12Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — C.E. Davis ResidenceNorthside Residential Historic District
Charles E. Davis, “expert watchmaker and jeweler,” arrived in Great Falls with his wife, Grace, in 1900. With Charles’ two brothers, the couple opened a store on bustling Central Avenue, selling jewelry, watches, cut glass, gifts, and . . . — Map (db m143805) HM
13Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Cascade County Courthouse
Spirited revelry in the streets of Great Falls greeted news of the creation of Cascade County in 1887. Named county seat, Great Falls grew quickly, with county offices located in various downtown buildings. In 1891 voters approved the . . . — Map (db m101873) HM
14Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Depot
The Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railway was constructed between 1907 and 1909, the last transcontinental railroad to cross Montana. Its service to Great Falls during the homestead boom supported the city’s establishment as a major urban center . . . — Map (db m141948) HM
15Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Commissary of the Plains
The plains surrounding Great Falls were crowded with immense herds of deer, elk, antelope and buffalo. Buffalo was a staple diet item for plains Indians and became a favorite meal for the members of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Lewis and Clark . . . — Map (db m126498) HM
16Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Cowboys Bar and MuseumGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
Former Great Falls “cowhands” held a reunion in 1938. Now grown men, as boys they had earned money herding local milk cows in and out of town each day or driving range cattle through the city streets. Membership soon expanded beyond . . . — Map (db m143671) HM
17Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Dubbs BlockGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
A shortage of steel and limited purchases of nonessential goods during World War II caused the automobile industry to skyrocket after the war ended. As the troops came home and the economy recovered, Montana experienced this boom as well. By the . . . — Map (db m143772) HM
18Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Explorers at the Portage
excerpt from the journals of Captain Meriwether Lewis I scelected a fat buffaloe and shot him very well Robert M. Scriver, Sculptor , through the lungs ... expecting him to fall ... ...a large white, or reather brown bear ... crept on me . . . — Map (db m141981) HM
19Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — F.W. Woolworth BuildingGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
A close look at the Woolworth Building’s upper floors makes evident that it was originally two separate, but closely related edifices. Connecting arches over second-story windows, a decorative metal cornice, and a crowning brick parapet distinguish . . . — Map (db m143769) HM
20Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — First Methodist Church
First Sermon by Reverend Jacob Mills 401 Central Avenue 1884 Reverend Francis Asbury Riggin and Reverend William Wesley Van Orsdel secured present Church site 1886 First Sanctuary 1888 Second Sanctuary 1902 Educational . . . — Map (db m143773) HM
21Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — First United Methodist Church Parsonage
The pioneer Methodist circuit rider William Wesley Van Orsdel—better known as “Brother Van”—arrived in Fort Benton, Montana, on the steamboat, Far West, in 1872. For forty-five years, he traveled on horseback, by wagon, by . . . — Map (db m143788) HM
22Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Formation of the Gorge and Falls
... the rocks seems to be most happily fixed to present a sheet of the whitest beaten froath for 200 yards in length and about 80 feet perpendicular. — Meriwether Lewis, June 13, 1805 The Great Falls of the Missouri . . . — Map (db m82766) HM
23Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Giant Fountain
Lewis and Clark On their historic Expedition to the Pacific Coast discovered this Giant Fountain June 18 - 1805 In honor of the courage, fidelity and patriotism of the explorers this tablet is here placed and . . . — Map (db m148969) HM
24Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Great Falls Central Business Historic District
An eclectic cultural landscape has long characterized the West Bank. Separated from downtown Great Falls by the broad Missouri River, the larger neighborhood has hosted a varied mix of industrial, residential, and commercial development since the . . . — Map (db m143758) HM
25Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Great Falls Civic CenterGreat Falls Railroad Historic District
Clean lines, formal monumental openings, and restrained revival details mark the 1939 Great Falls Civic Center as a municipal Art Deco style building. The Works Projects Administration provided most of the funding for the building. The . . . — Map (db m143680) HM
26Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Great Falls West Bank Historic District
An eclectic cultural landscape has long characterized the West Bank. Separated from downtown Great Falls by the broad Missouri River, the larger neighborhood has hosted a varied mix of industrial, residential, and commercial development since the . . . — Map (db m143676) HM
27Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Lemon Boarding HouseGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
Beneath the façade of this solid-looking building stands a much older wooden boarding house. In 1891, only seven years after the founding of Great Falls, a two-story dwelling stood on this lot. Mrs. S. H. Lemon ran the boarding house in 1896 and . . . — Map (db m143770) HM
28Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Lewis & Clark Portage RouteJune - July 1805 - July, 1806
To avoid the series of waterfalls along the Missouri River north of this point, the Expedition portaged their canoes and several tons of baggage, crossing the highway right here. At the lower camp, some 12 miles NE, the crew made crude wagons, the . . . — Map (db m143667) HM
29Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Liberty TheatreGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
Thirty-six hundred people watched Nomads of the North at the grand opening of the Liberty Theatre in August 1921. A musical score, played on a $47,000 Wurlitzer organ, accompanied the silent film. An overflow crowd of two thousand toured the . . . — Map (db m143756) HM
30Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Malmstrom Air Force Base
Since 1942, Malmstrom Air Force Base has been on the frontline of America's national defense. Known locally as East Base during World War II. B-17 Flying Fortress pilots trained here and the base served as a staging area for military planes flown to . . . — Map (db m143664) HM
31Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Masonic TempleGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
Freemasons trace their history to the stonemasons of Medieval Europe, an association referenced in the design for the Great Falls Masonic Temple. Constructed in 1914, the three-story building features a dramatic central tower and steep gable bays . . . — Map (db m143771) HM
32Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — McCulloh ResidenceGreat Falls Northside Residential Historic District
Carroll B. McCulloh and his wife Ella constructed this elegant two-story brick home in 1911, raising their two children here. Its two-and-one-half stories, simple box shape, low-hipped roof, large central dormer, wide overhanging eaves, and offset . . . — Map (db m143855) HM
33Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — 444 — Methodist Parsonage
Historic Methodist Parsonage Home of Brother Van Built 1910 — Map (db m143787) HM
34Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Mobile Villages
Regimented Routine The men followed military protocol, receiving orders from the captains and sergeants. The daily chores became second nature and never-ending. They hunted, cooked for today, or dried meat for tomorrow. They prepared . . . — Map (db m143874) HM
35Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Murphy Maclay Hardware StoreGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
In the 1880s Murphy, Maclay and Co. sold everything from flour and fine teas to window glass and blasting powder. Edgar Maclay and John Murphy established the firm with stores in Helena and Fort Benton in 1882. Two years later they sent Worden Wren . . . — Map (db m143754) HM
36Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — New Park HotelGreat Falls Central Business Historic District
Town founders Paris Gibson and Herbert Chowen built the original Park Hotel in 1892 to serve travelers disembarking at the nearby Great Northern Depot. When the hundred-room hotel burned in a 1913 fire, Park Hotel owners hired prominent Great Falls . . . — Map (db m143753) HM
37Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Northside Residential Historic District
Great Falls founder Paris Gibson was drawn to the power of the falls of the Missouri where he vowed to found an industrial center of “unsurpassed beauty.” Backed by railroad magnate James J. Hill, Gibson hired H. P. Rolfe to plat the . . . — Map (db m143857) HM
38Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Of Special ConcernLewis and Clark Nature Trail
Meriwether Lewis recorded the first scientific observations of the westslope cutthroat trout while he ate one for dinner. Once abundant, the fish has been listed as a species of special concern since 1979. "These trout...precisely resemble our . . . — Map (db m143908) HM
39Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — One of Many FirstsLewis and Clark Nature Trail
The narrowleaf cottonwood, a tree "with a leaf like that of the wild cherry" was first described for modern science by Lewis on June 12, 1805. Other expedition first near Great Falls include documenting the cutthroat trout, thirteen-lined . . . — Map (db m143875) HM
40Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Pure Springs Along the Missouri River
Over 150 million gallons of water flow from Giant Springs everyday and cascade into the Missouri River. The springs occur where cracks in the rocks above the Madison Limestone allow water to leak upward to the land surface. It is similar to a . . . — Map (db m127798) HM
41Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Quigley HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
By 1908, Montana’s agricultural boom was in full swing, and real estate agents like John Quigley, whose firm offered farms “on 20 years payments,” seemed poised to make a fortune. That year forty-eight-year-old Quigley built this large . . . — Map (db m143807) HM
42Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — S.H. Kress and Company
Thirty-six hundred people watched Nomads of the North at the grand opening of the Liberty Theatre in August 1921. A musical score, played on a $47,000 Wurlitzer organ, accompanied the silent film. An overflow crowd of two thousand toured the . . . — Map (db m143757) HM
43Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Sacajawea Island
On July 3, 1984 this island was named in honor of Sacajawea, the Shoshoni Indian girl who accompanied the Lewis and Clark expedition from the Mandan villages to the Pacific Coast. Sacajawea was born about 1788 in southwest Montana, At 12 years . . . — Map (db m143877) HM
44Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Seaman: Companion to the Corps
On his way down the Ohio River in 1803, Captain Meriwether Lewis purchased a Newfoundland dog for twenty dollars. It was a perfect choice of breed for the impending exploration; powerful swimmer, strong guarding instinct, gentle disposition and a . . . — Map (db m143860) HM
45Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — St. Ann's Cathedral
Shortly after Pope Pius X established the Diocese of Great Falls in 1904, Great Falls’ first bishop, Matthias Lenihan, hired Montana architect John Hackett Kent to design a cathedral equal to those in Europe. Kent, who helped design the Montana . . . — Map (db m141924) HM
46Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — T.E. Collins Mansion
Irish-born Timothy Collins followed the gold stampedes to Montana but soon turned to law and politics. For a time in the 1870s he was the only attorney practicing in Meagher County. Elected to the territorial legislature several times, Collins was a . . . — Map (db m143677) HM
47Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Terrill ApartmentsNorthside Residential Historic District
Apartment buildings were good investments in rapidly expanding communities like Great Falls, which grew from 17,000 to 26,000 between 1910 and 1920. Owners reported waiting lists for units, which ranged from rooms in old-fashioned “apartment . . . — Map (db m143824) HM
48Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Army's Navy
Lewis and Clark Trail markers follow today's highways, but rivers actually determined most of their route. By the Great Falls, over 2500 miles of Missouri "roadway" had been navigated. Keeping the Expedition Afloat During three seasons . . . — Map (db m143674) HM
49Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Experiment
Designed to be Portable In 1803, Captain Meriwether Lewis led an expedition to map a water route west to the Pacific Ocean. Along the way, the Lewis and Clark Expedition uses 26 different boats, but one deserves special mention. . . . — Map (db m143669) HM
50Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Falls: Obstacle or Opportunity
For Meriwether Lewis in 1805, the falls were an obstacle on the journey to the Pacific. To Paris Gibson (near right) the falls were a source of great opportunity. As Gibson laid out the townsite of Great Falls he envisioned dams to harness the falls . . . — Map (db m126545) HM
51Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Great Falls of the Missouri River
On June, 13, 1805 Captain Meriwether Lewis confirmed the existence of what had been just a legend to many - the Great Falls of the Missouri River. Earlier that day, Lewis, who as suspected the falls were in the area based on what the Minnetaree . . . — Map (db m141983) HM
52Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Portage Around the Falls
”…the men has to haul with all their Strength Wate & art, catching grass & knobes and Stones with their hands to give them more force in drawing on the Canoes & Loads, at every halt, those not employed in repairing the Course, are asleep . . . — Map (db m126558) HM
53Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Smallest River Runs Through It
From here you can witness one of the shortest rivers in the country flowing into the longest river. The Roe River ranks as one of the shortest rivers at only 201 feet in length. The Missouri River is the longest in the country stretching 2,540 . . . — Map (db m82765)
54Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — The Ten Who Died In Service
In Grateful Memory of 316 High School Boys Who Enlisted in the World War 1914 - 1919 All but ten returned to serve as Citizens in the Arts of Peace The Ten Who Died in Service for Whom the Elm Trees about this plat are . . . — Map (db m143789) WM
55Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — These Springs Have Witnessed...
Native American tribes followed the buffalo through this area and camped at Giant Springs. The temperature of the spring water stays a consistent 54 degrees all year long, making this a good site for winter camps. Lewis and Clark Corps of . . . — Map (db m127799) HM
56Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Toole ResidenceNorthside Residential Historic District
The front canted bay window hints at the modest one-story Queen Anne style residence that lies at the core of this elegant home. In 1891, the house was one of only two on the block. A small back addition had been added by 1900, when Mandeville . . . — Map (db m143822) HM
57Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Union Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church
At the center of the African American community in Great Falls for more than a century, the Union Bethel AME Church began holding regular services in the first fire station in 1890. The following year African American residents gathered with white . . . — Map (db m143792) HM
58Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Ursuline Academy
The Sisters of the Order of St. Ursula came to Montana in 1884 to establish schools for Indians. When the homestead movement created a need for more urban educational facilities, the Great Falls Townsite Company offered the sisters any two city . . . — Map (db m143791) HM
59Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — W.K. Floweree HouseNorthside Residential Historic District
A grand home on a large corner lot, this Colonial Revival residence bespeaks the prominence of its first owners. Banker, rancher, and state senator William Floweree and his wife, Norma, built this brick two-and-one-half-story home in 1916. Its . . . — Map (db m143806) HM
60Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — Where Does the Water Come From?
Geologists have determined that water seeps into the ground southeast of Great Falls in the Little Belt Mountains, where the Madison Limestone formation is exposed at the land surface. The water then travels through the formation toward Giant . . . — Map (db m82764)
61Montana (Cascade County), Great Falls — William & Isabel Shea HouseGreat Falls West Bank Historic District
William and Isabel Shea built this cozy one-story brick home in 1929. With its distinctive low profile, clipped-gable shingle roof, stucco siding, exposed rafter tails, and multi-pane windows, the inviting residence is a classic Craftsman style . . . — Map (db m143670) HM
 
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Sep. 20, 2020