“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Harrisonburg

Battle of Cross Keys Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Coughlin, October 21, 2019
Battle of Cross Keys Marker
1Virginia, Harrisonburg — D 6 — Battle of Cross Keys
Early in June 1862, Union forces under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont and Brig. Gen. James Shields pursued Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley. About three miles south of here, on Mill Creek near the . . . — Map (db m141622) HM
2Virginia, Harrisonburg — Chestnut RidgeDeath of Ashby — 1862 Valley Campaign —
On June 6, 1862, the vanguard of Union Gen. John C. Frémont’s force, pursuing Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s army south up the Shenandoah Valley, reached this point near Harrisonburg. Jackson’s rear guard, led by Gen. . . . — Map (db m15752) HM
3Virginia, Harrisonburg — Confederate General HospitalHarrisonburg Female Academy
Harrisonburg was Rockingham County’s seat of government and largest town, and it was an ideal site for a hospital. When the Civil War began in 1861, although the railroad had not yet extended to Harrisonburg, the town sat at the intersection of four . . . — Map (db m39330) HM
4Virginia, Harrisonburg — Confederate Monument
(North face):This Monument is erected by the Ladies Memorial Association in grateful remembrance of the gallant Confederate Soldiers, who lie here. They died in defense of the rights of the South, in the war between the States, from 1861 to . . . — Map (db m16487) HM
5Virginia, Harrisonburg — Court Square & SpringhouseTemporary Prison Camp
During the Civil War, a road (Market Street) ran east and west through the courthouse square, dividing it roughly in half. The courthouse occupied the northern portion while the jail, clerk’s office, and springhouse were in the southern section. . . . — Map (db m16482) HM
6Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-120 — Edgar Amos Love(1891–1974)
Edgar Amos Love, son of a Methodist minister, was born in Harrisonburg in 189l. On 17 Nov. 1911, while a student at Howard University, he co-founded Omega Psi Phi, the first fraternity established at a historically black college. . . . — Map (db m89327) HM
7Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-35 — End of the Campaign
Here Stonewall Jackson, retreating up the Valley before the converging columns of Fremont and Shields, turned at bay, June 1862. A mile southeast Jackson’s cavalry commander, Ashby, was killed, June 6. At Cross Keys, six miles southeast, Ewell of . . . — Map (db m2869) HM
8Virginia, Harrisonburg — Gen. Turner AshbyC. S. A.
was killed on this spot, June 6, 1862, gallantly leading a charge. — Map (db m58591) HM
9Virginia, Harrisonburg — General Turner Ashby of Fauquier
. . . — Map (db m14281) HM
10Virginia, Harrisonburg — Hardesty-Higgins HouseBanks's Headquarters
This was the home of Harrisonburg’s first mayor, Isaac Hardesty, an apothecary. Elected in 1849, Hardesty served until 1860. His Unionist sympathies compelled him to leave for Maryland after the Civil War began. Early in the first week of May 1862, . . . — Map (db m41496) HM
11Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-33 — Harrisonburg
Here Thomas Harrison and wife deeded land for the Rockingham County public buildings, August 5, 1779. The same act established both Louisville, Ky., and Harrisonburg, May, 1780. Named for its founder, the town was also known as Rocktown. It was . . . — Map (db m16484) HM
12Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-103 — James Madison University
The university was founded in 1908, through the efforts of state senator George B. Keezell, of Rockingham County, as the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg. In 1924 it became the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg, . . . — Map (db m39327) HM
13Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-104 — James Madison University
The university was founded in 1908, through the efforts of state senator George B. Keezell, of Rockingham County, as the State Normal and Industrial School for Women at Harrisonburg. In 1924 it became the State Teachers College at Harrisonburg, . . . — Map (db m39328) HM
14Virginia, Harrisonburg — McNeill’s Rangers“Hurah for McNeal”
Harrisonburg is associated with the exploits of McNeill’s Rangers, a famous Confederate partisan unit. In 1862, John Hanson McNeill, a native of Hardy County in present-day West Virginia, recruited men for Co. E, 18th Virginia Cavalry. With McNeill . . . — Map (db m39331) HM
15Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-124 — Newtown Cemetery
African Americans established the community of Newtown in this area after the Civil War. In 1869 five trustees purchased land here for a cemetery open to "all persons of color." By 1920 the cemetery had expanded three times to accommodate . . . — Map (db m103813) HM
16Virginia, Harrisonburg — Rockingham County World War I Memorial
They Tasted Death In Youth That Liberty Might Grow Old To commemorate those who, at the call of country, left all, endured hardships, faced danger, and finally passed out of sight of men by the path of duty, giving up their lives that others . . . — Map (db m86489) HM
17Virginia, Harrisonburg — The Battle of Harrisonburg
On wooded Chestnut Ridge the evening of Friday, June 6, 1862, Pennsylvania Bucktails under Col. Kane were defeated in a hard fight with the 58th Va. under Col. Letcher and Gen. Turner Ashby and the 1st Md. under Col. Bradley Johnson. Gen. Ashby . . . — Map (db m40317) HM
18Virginia, Harrisonburg — The Big SpringOur Anchor in Time
“For generations this great spring was the main source of water supply for the town. Before the white man settled around it the Indians and the buffaloes knew it well. It was at the crossing of two old trails—one up and down the Valley, . . . — Map (db m11720) HM
19Virginia, Harrisonburg — The Woodbine Cemetery
The Woodbine Cemetery Company, Incorporated March 19, 1850 1877 These gates are erected in memory of the officers and members of the Woodbine Society, who gave generously of their time and means to beautify this cemetery, where they now rest from . . . — Map (db m16486) HM
20Virginia, Harrisonburg — Warren-Sipe HouseHome and Hospital
This was the home of Edward T.H. Warren, a Harrisonburg attorney. As a lieutenant in the Valley Guards, a Rockingham County militia company, Warren attended the trial and execution of John Brown in Charles Town (in present-day West Virginia) in . . . — Map (db m41497) HM
21Virginia, Harrisonburg — A-30 — Where Ashby Fell
A mile and a half east of this point, Turner Ashby, Stonewall Jackson’s cavalry commander, was killed, June 6, 1862, while opposing Fremont’s advance. — Map (db m16488) HM
22Virginia, Harrisonburg — Woodbine CemeteryThe Soldiers’ Section
During the Civil War, Woodbine Cemetery was Harrisonburg’s principal burial ground. Chartered in March 1850, it opened later that year after the city’s first mayor, Isaac Hardesty, sold 2.5 acres of his property to the cemetery company. The need for . . . — Map (db m39333) HM
23Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — A-18 — Abraham Lincoln’s Father
Four miles west, Thomas Lincoln, father of the President, was born about 1778. He was taken to Kentucky by his father about 1781. Beside the road here was Lincoln Inn, long kept by a member of the family. — Map (db m656) HM
24Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — D-6 — Battle of Cross Keys
Three miles south, on Mill Creek, Jackson’s rearguard, under Ewell, was attacked by Fremont, June 8, 1862. Trimble, of Ewell’s command, counterattacked, driving the Unionists back. Jackson, with the rest of his army, was near Port Republic . . . — Map (db m3474) HM
25Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — Breneman-Turner MillSurvivor of The Burning — 1864 Valley Campaign —
On October 6, 1864, Union soldiers approached this mill on their march from Harrisonburg to Broadway during “The Burning.” This was U.S. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s two-week campaign to end the Valley’s role as the “Breadbasket of . . . — Map (db m39329) HM
26Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — A-29 — Cavalry Engagement
Here, at Lacey’s Springs, Rosser’s Confederate cavalry attacked Custer's camp, December 20, 1864. Rosser and Custer (of Indian Fame) had been roommates at West Point. — Map (db m649) HM
27Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — D 1-a — Long's Chapel and Zenda
Long's Chapel was built in 1870, a year after William and Hannah Carpenter and the Church of the United Brethren in Christ deeded land here "to colored people… for … a church, burial ground, and a school house." Henry Carter, Milton Grant, William . . . — Map (db m37436) HM
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Sep. 22, 2020