“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Jefferson, Texas Historical Markers

Brown-Bender House marker in the basement of the Jefferson History Museum image, Touch for more information
By QuesterMark, July 4, 2016
Brown-Bender House marker in the basement of the Jefferson History Museum
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8020 — Brown-Bender House
This ornate, two-story, stick Victorian residence was built in 1888 by lumberman George Washington Brown (1854-1932), who later became involved in the oil and gas business. In 1928 Harrison County farmer John Griffin Bender (1871-1938), later . . . — Map (db m96042) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8076 — Captain William Perry — (April 5, 1813 - January 2, 1869)
William Perry was among the first settlers of Jefferson, arriving ca. 1840. Through his shipping business and his work in dredging a turning basin for ships in the Big Cypress Bayou, he played a significant role in the early growth and development . . . — Map (db m110961) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 14819 — Early Jefferson Lodge Building
Built in the late 1850s, this building first housed the Jefferson Masonic Lodge. A number of businesses were located here during the Civil War, and later it was used by the Knights and Ladies of Honor of Myrtle and the Knights of Honor of . . . — Map (db m110994) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8031 — Excelsior House
Oldest hotel in East Texas. Frame part built in 1850’s; brick wing added 1864. Among famous guests during river port days of Jefferson were presidents Grant and Hayes, and poet Oscar Wilde. Restored 1961-63 by Jessie Allen Wise Garden Club. . . . — Map (db m110989) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8036 — First Texas Artificial Gas Plant — (5 blocks east)
Jefferson Gas Light Company, chartered 1870 for public and domestic service, used retorts--7 foot iron drums with small necks--to make illuminating gas. (One retort stood on this site.) Loaded with pine knots and rich pine wood, a retort was heated; . . . — Map (db m110963) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8043 — Jay Gould Railroad Car
Built in 1888 by the American Car & Foundry Company of St. Charles, Missouri, this was the private railway car of Jay Gould (1836-1892). A native of New York, Gould was a noted financier and the owner of numerous railroad companies, including the . . . — Map (db m110969) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8053 — Jefferson
Home to the Caddo Indians for centuries, this area of Texas attracted Anglo-American colonists to settle here in the early 1800s. Founded in 1839, Jefferson developed along a double-grid pattern. Daniel Nelson Alley platted the townsite in a true . . . — Map (db m110954) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8055 — Jefferson C.S.A.
Metropolis of commerce and culture for East Texas, Jefferson became important center for Confederate activity. Major quartermaster depot for northern Texas established 1862 supplied clothing and camp equipment. Cotton Bureau Station set up to buy . . . — Map (db m110991) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8059 — Jefferson Public Library
Built 1907 by local funds plus a gift from Andrew Carnegie Foundation – one of 34 such grants made in Texas (where the movement for public libraries had begun in 1881). A center of interest in a culture-loving town. . . . — Map (db m111075) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8101 — John M. Vines — (1844-1914)
Born in Alabama. Joined W. P. Lane Rangers, C.S.A., 1861; was discharged 1865, rank of farrier. Served as sheriff-tax collector for Marion County, 1874-1876. In April, 1877, sent as agent of the state of Texas to bring Abe Rothschild back . . . — Map (db m95672) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8069 — Marion County — City of Jefferson
Established in 1845. Named in honor of Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826) Author of the Declaration of Independence of the United States Early navigation headquarters on Cypress Bayou. County seat of Marion County since 1860. . . . — Map (db m110996) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 14394 — Marion County Courthouse
The Texas Legislature created Marion County in 1860. Jefferson, established as early as 1841, was chosen as county seat. By 1860, Jefferson was a regional economic center for steamboat traffic on Big Cypress Bayou, navigable due to a logjam on the . . . — Map (db m110949) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 16866 — Marion County Depression Era Roadside Park
This roadside park was constructed by the National Youth Administration (NYA) with the support of President Roosevelt’s Works Progress Administration (WPA) during the Great Depression. Development began in 1935, after the Mary Louise Hussey family . . . — Map (db m110956) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — Mergenthaler Linotype Typesetting Machine — Made in the early 1920’s
This machine was used by the Jefferson Jimplecute to make newspaper printing plates until the early 1970’s. This “hot type” machine actually melted lead that was then cast into strips of lead type that were locked into place on the . . . — Map (db m110995) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8074 — Murphy Building
Brothers John C. Murphy (1816-71) and James M. Murphy (b. 1820) of Tennessee came to Jefferson, Texas, in 1850. They owned a wholesale cotton firm and were prominent businessmen. In the early 1850s they built this structure as a warehouse in the . . . — Map (db m110985) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8034 — Old Federal Court and Post Office Building
Used 1890-1964 by court of Eastern District of Texas. Now a museum. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark–1966Map (db m110997) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8103 — Richard Waterhouse — January 12, 1833 - March 20, 1876
Native of Tennessee, participant in United States war with Mexico, Texas businessman, colonel of the 19th Texas Confederate Infantry, commended for gallantry at Milliken's Bend during Vicksburg Campaign, fought at Mansfield and Pleasant Hill during . . . — Map (db m95673) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8090 — Sterne Fountain
Settling in Jefferson prior to the Civil War, Jacob and Ernestine Sterne became prominent leaders of the community. Their early management of the post office here and their involvement in civic and cultural activities reflected the dramatic . . . — Map (db m110965) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 13675 — Stilley-Young House
Builders completed this house for Frank Stilley, a cotton broker from Louisiana, and his wife Minerva Fox Stilley shortly after they married in 1860. They owned the house until the early 1880s. By 1885, former slave Charlie Young purchased the home. . . . — Map (db m58480) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8025 — Texas Statesman Charles Allen Culberson — (1855-1925)
One of Texas' most forceful leaders; 32 years in office as attorney general, governor, U.S. Senator. Born in Alabama; in childhood moved with parents to Texas. Lived in Jefferson 1861-1887. Was educated Virginia Military Institute, . . . — Map (db m110950) HM
Texas (Marion County), Jefferson — 8099 — Trammel's Trace
Traces began as foot paths used by the Indians to mark their trails through wilderness areas. They later were used by surveyors in mapping early land grants. In 1824 Nicholas Trammel (1780-1852), a government scout, began opening up the trace that . . . — Map (db m110958) HM

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