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Jekyll Island, Georgia Historical Markers

 
Marker detail: Jekyll Island map, circa 1960's image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, March 14, 2018
Marker detail: Jekyll Island map, circa 1960's
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — A Winter City
Under the original landscape plan, 50 plots of land were laid out around the Clubhouse in a very community-oriented fashion. However, not all of the members chose to build their own cottages on these plots. Over the years a thriving . . . — Map (db m115070) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — All Work and No Play
With only drive and ambition, Frank Henry Goodyear rose from a $35-per-month bookkeeper to the head of a vast lumber, coal, iron, and railroad empire. Far from viewing Jekyll Island as a place to escape the stresses of business, Goodyear took . . . — Map (db m115120) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Arriving on This Island
They came by water. Long before the present-day causeway was built, the only way to reach Jekyll Island was by boat. Large steam-powered vessels from the North such as the Mallory Steamship Line delivered Club staff and sundry personal items . . . — Map (db m115064) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Beach Access — Historic St. Andrews Beach
From the late-1800s until the mid-1960s, Jim Crow laws enforced racial segregation in the South. These laws prevented African Americans from enjoying equal access to the same public spaces as white people, including restaurants, buses, schools, . . . — Map (db m115140) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Brunswick Across the Sound
Gateway and supplier to Jekyll Island was the busy port of Brunswick. Located at the mouth of the East River and accessible to even the largest ocean-going vessels, its docks and warehouses were laden with cargo. Railways eager to . . . — Map (db m115057) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-29 — Captain Wylly Road
There were two Captain Wyllys in the history of Jekyll. It is believed the road was named for Charles Spalding Wylly (1836- 1923), Captain in the Confederate Army, 1st Georgia Regulars, a descendant of Clement Martin, who was granted on April 5, . . . — Map (db m17228) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Childhood in an Island Paradise
The corridor of Pier Road was not only the hub of service for the Jekyll Island Club, it was also the heart of the community for countless employees. Yes, here you would find a taxidermy shop, upholstery shop, coal storage, woodsheds and . . . — Map (db m115093) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-38 — Confederate Battery
In 1861, Confederate battery positions on Jekyll Island were equipped with one 42-pounder gun and four 32-pounder navy guns en barbette, each having about 60 rounds of shot and shell. Casemates, hot shot furnace and magazines are recorded, also. Of . . . — Map (db m17187) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Evolution of Elegance — The Clubhouse — Jekyll Island
At the heart of any luxury resort or vacation retreat is sumptuous lodging. When the Jekyll Island Club incorporated in 1885, they knew that the success of the Club depended on a splendid but simple elegant Clubhouse. The Dubignon farmhouse . . . — Map (db m17262) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Fairbank Cottage Site — The Most Desirable Site
The brick outline that you see in front of you marks the former Location of Fairbank Cottage. When Chicago manufacturer Nathaniel Kellogg Fairbank purchased the lot in 1889, he was excited about the possibilities of his new cottage. Fairbank . . . — Map (db m115121) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — First Transcontinental Call
First Transcontinental Telephone call was submitted by a telephone of this type January 25, 1915. Mr. Theodore N. Vail, President American Telephone and Telegraph Company talked from Jekyll Island, Georgia to Mr. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of . . . — Map (db m18494) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Great Dunes: A Golf Tradition
The game of golf was originally mentioned among a variety of outdoor recreations when the Jekyll Island Club was formed in 1866. The first rounds were finally played on Jekyll Island in 1899. It was only the beginning of a long tradition of the . . . — Map (db m119533) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House
William Horton, " Undersheriff of Herefordshire," England came to Georgia in 1736. He built this building for his plantation residence and it was his home until his death in 1749. Major Horton succeeded Oglethorpe as Commander of the Regiment . . . — Map (db m18431) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historic Site — Building a Home to Last — Jekyll Island
(Left text) William Horton worked and lived on this island until his death in 1748. He made numerous improvements to the land, unfortunately many of these buildings have been lost to time, and hidden by the sandy soil. Horton . . . — Map (db m17263) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historic Site — the French Emigré — Jekyll Island
By the end of the 18th century, William Horton's small farm had become a large and prosperous plantation. After Horton's death, the island had several owners prior to the arrival of Christophe Anne Poulain du Bignon in 1791. Christophe . . . — Map (db m17338) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historic Site — Warehouse Ruins — Jekyll Island
Jekyll Island was vey isolated from St. Simons and Brunswick in the 18th & 19th centuries. Due to this isolation the du Bignon family was mostly self-sufficient, as were previous owners of the island such as William Horton. What is now . . . — Map (db m17445) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historical Site — European Influence — Jekyll Island
William Horton decided to travel to Georgia with General James Oglethorpe in 1735. Unlike many passengers on the ship, Symond, he paid for his passage to America from England. Horton was granted 500 acres in return for paying for his . . . — Map (db m17342) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Horton House Historical Site — A Legacy Continues — The du Bignon Family
The plantation that Christophe Du Bignon established at the beginning of the nineteeth century had its good and bad years. When Christophe's youngest son, Henri, married Ann Amelia Nicolau in 1808, they were given 40 acres of planted . . . — Map (db m18617) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Jekyll Island Boat House Site, Shipshape for the Season — ( Jekyll Island Club, 1886-1942 )
(Left text) There is very little photo documentation of exactly what the Boathouse looked like during the Club era. Club members rarely would have been found in this area, It was typically used by year-round employees. The only . . . — Map (db m115065) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-28 — Jekyll Island Club Wharf
Here anchored the most luxurious pleasure craft in the world during the existence of the Jekyll Island Club, 1886-1942. No other yacht was comparable to John Pierpont Morgan's several Corsairs. Corsair II, too large to dock, anchored in the . . . — Map (db m17405) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-18 — Le Sieur Christophe Anne Poulain Du Bignon — (1739- 1825)
Horton - Du Bignon House Du Bignon Burial Ground Beginning with Poulain du Bignon, five du Bignon generations made Jekyll Island one of Georgia`s most romantic Golden Isles. This tabby ruin and burial ground alone remain from Jekyll Island's . . . — Map (db m18497) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — M.E. Thompson and the Purchase of Jekyll Island
Melvin E. Thompson, Acting Governor, 1947-1949, was born in Millen, Jenkins County, Georgia, in 1903. After a career as educator and public servant, Thompson was elected Lieutenant Governor for the term beginning January, 1947. Following the death . . . — Map (db m17207) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-15 — Major William Horton
Born in England Came to Georgia in 1736 Died at Savannah in 1748 These are the remains of Horton's tabby house. Major Horton of Oglethorpe's Regiment, the first English resident of Jekyll Island, erected on the north end of Jekyll a . . . — Map (db m17577) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Men of Means — Sans Souci — Jekyll Island
What to do when you require privacy from the overflowing crowds of guests at the Clubhouse, but want to take advantage of its world-class French chef, new billiards wing, and the cheerful fireplace of the main parlor ? The answer for Henry B. . . . — Map (db m75571) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Morgan Tennis Court — Tennis, anyone?
By 1905, tennis was gaining popularity on the island over hunting. Robert Pruyn, chairman of the committee on golf and sports, said, "For two years, tennis has been the most popular outdoor sport," and requested additional courts to be . . . — Map (db m115118) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Old World Charm
Keeping the peace as well as providing superior service was a difficult task. These two skills and countless other responsibilities were entrusted to the Club superintendent. Men such as J. P. Morgan, Joseph Pulitzer and Henry Hyde knew . . . — Map (db m115112) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-18 — Poulain DuBignon and DuBignon Burying Ground — »—→
This burying ground contains the bodies of several members of the du Bignon family, descendants of Le Sieur Christophe Poulain de la Houssaye du Bignon, native of Saint-Malo in Brittany. One of four Frenchmen, former residents of Sapelo Island, who . . . — Map (db m17509) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Preserving the Legacy
Chartered by the State of Georgia to be trustworthy stewards of the island, the Jekyll Island Authority has been very active in the preservation of the National Historic Landmark District. The rehabilitation of Crane Cottage and Cherokee in . . . — Map (db m115119) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Separate But Equal? — Historic St. Andrews Beach
On October 23, 1958, a coal mining disaster in Springhill, Nova Scotia trapped 174 men underground. The coverage of this disaster was the first international event to be broadcast live on television. In the hope of harnessing the media . . . — Map (db m115128) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — St. Andrews Beach — Historic St. Andrews Beach
On March 6, 1948, Jekyll Island opened as a state park for the citizens of Georgia. However, the new public seashore was not available to everyone, at first. Because of segregation, African Americans could not visit many areas of Jekyll Island, . . . — Map (db m115135) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 63-16 — Tabby
Tabby was the building material for walls, floors, and roofs widely used throughout coastal Georgia during the Military and Plantation Eras. It was composed of equal parts of sand, lime, oyster shell and water mixed into a mortar and poured into . . . — Map (db m17578) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Taking Care of Family
With a family of eight Charles Stewart Maurice quickly decided accommodations of the Club House would not suffice. In 1890 he built Hollybourne, with plenty of large open, informal spaces, a home away from home during their winter stays here . . . — Map (db m115056) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Active Life
Edwin Gould purchased Chichota cottage within 5 days of his first visit to Jekyll Island in December of 1900. He quickly began modifying the cottage for his family’s arrival in March. Edwin made a commitment to the Island, purchasing several . . . — Map (db m72663) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Beach Pavilion — Historic St. Andrews Beach
The Beach Pavilion in front of you opened on September 25, 1955 to great fanfare, as St. Andrews Beach became the first public beach in Georgia to welcome African Americans. Celebrations included a motorcade, dedication ceremony, and music by the . . . — Map (db m115137) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-31 — The Boat House Site
This is the site of the Jekyll Island Club Boat House where the 100 foot steamer The Jekyll Island was stored during the off season. (The Club season was usually from after New Years until before Easter). There was no Jekyll Creek bridge . . . — Map (db m17462) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Clubhouse — Evolution of Elegance
The Executive Committee hired architect Charles Alexander to design the Clubhouse. He designed the building in a Queen Anne style that complemented the natural beauty of the island and emphasized the rustic simplicity that the Jekyll Island Club . . . — Map (db m115117) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Dolphin Club Lounge — Historic St. Andrews Beach
From 1959 to 1966, the Dolphin Club Lounge provided lively entertainment for visitors to the historically black St. Andrews Beach. Juke joints like this one once stretched across the southeastern United States. On remote Jekyll Island, the . . . — Map (db m115141) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Dolphin Motor Hotel — Historic St. Andrews Beach
The St. Andrews Beach Corporation formed in early 1956 to build a motel and restaurant here on Jekyll Island's once segregated South End. The company included many successful black business owners from Brunswick. In partnership with the Jekyll . . . — Map (db m115139) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Infirmary / Furness Cottage — Jekyll Island Museum
On the Move When first constructed in 1890, Furness Cottage stood as a lone sentry in the southern portion of the Club compound. The growing popularity of cottage construction led to its first move, off of Riverview Drive. . . . — Map (db m115114) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — The Skeet House
The Skeet House is not in its original location, but stands as a symbol of the core philosophy that the Jekyll Island Club was founded upon – outdoor recreation. The Skeet House, along with the Skeet and Trap Range, was constructed in . . . — Map (db m81699) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — 063-35 — The Spanish on Jekyll Island
Within sight and sound of St. Simons Island, Jekyll Island was ideal for entertaining Spanish visitors to the settlement at Frederica. Major William Horton, resident of the island, received the guests while Oglethorpe on St. Simons, with cannon . . . — Map (db m17281) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — Up In Smoke
Early in the morning, early in the century, it happened: Solterra caught fire. Built by charter member Frederick Baker in 1890, the house was an emblem of the nineteenth century: proper, discrete, upright. The old century seemed to be going . . . — Map (db m72668) HM
Georgia (Glynn County), Jekyll Island — What Was Here Before?
Great Dunes Park is named for the historic Great Dunes Golf Course, designed by Walter Travis. Travis was considered the most successful amateur golfer in the United States during the 1900s and 1910s. The golf course was an 18-hole course placed . . . — Map (db m115154) HM

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