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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Jersey City, New Jersey Historical Markers

 
Marker on Liberty Island image, Touch for more information
By Bill Coughlin, November 7, 2011
Marker on Liberty Island
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — “Mother of Exiles”
Between 1886 and 1924, 14 million immigrants entered America through New York. The Statue of Liberty was a reassuring sign that they had arrived in the land of their dreams. To these anxious newcomers, the Statue’s uplifted torch did not suggest . . . — Map (db m49321) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — “The New Colossus”
In 1883, a young writer, Emma Lazarus, donated a poem to an auction raising funds for the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty. “The New Colossus” vividly depicted the Statue of Liberty as offering refuge from the miseries of Europe. The . . . — Map (db m49325) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Alexandre Gustave Eiffel( 1832 – 1923 )
The iron skeleton which supports the Statue was designed by this noted French engineer and bridge builder. He later designed and built the Eiffel Tower for the Paris World’s Fair of 1889. Dedicated by Mr. and Mrs. Marvin Kay Philip Rathner – . . . — Map (db m49813) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — An Gorta Mor
In Memoriam of the Irish Famine An Gorta Mor   1845 – 1852 For those lives claimed by it and the Irish Immigrants that survived and relocated to the United States. Erected By The Friendly Sons of St. Patrick Hudson County, N.J. [ Back . . . — Map (db m42404) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Bartholdi
Born in Colmar, France in 1834, Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was one of the most celebrated sculptors of the nineteenth century. He is most famous for creating the Statue of Liberty which was dedicated in 1886. In his fifty-two years as an artist, . . . — Map (db m49314) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Black Tom ExplosionLiberty State Park
You are standing on a site which saw one of the worse acts of sabotage in American history! Prior to the U.S. entering WWI, the shoreline on which you now stand was occupied by an extensive munitions depot operated by the Lehigh Valley . . . — Map (db m126349) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Blakeslee Route
In honor of George E. Blakeslee Pioneer of the modern highway [ Rear Marker : ] Blakeslee rededicated September 2005 by The Friends of the Marion Section Patrick J. O’Melia Hassan Abubakr • Tessie Brady • Sam C. Difeo • Mary Donnelly . . . — Map (db m51534) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Building the Statue of Liberty
The French sculptor, Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi designed the Statue of Liberty as a giant three-dimensional jigsaw puzzle. Over 300 thin sheets of copper, most of it from a copper mine in Karmoy, Norway, fit together to form the Statue’s outer . . . — Map (db m49285) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Central Railroad of NJ Employees
New Jersey Central Jersey Central Lines Honoring the employees of the Central Railroad of New Jersey 1849 – 1976 Dedicated by the Central Railroad of New Jersey Veteran Employees Association — Map (db m51512) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Changes in the LandLiberty State Park
Prior to 1860, the area surrounding you was mostly brackish waters, salt marshes and mudflats of a tidal estuary. Known to the native Lenape as Communipaw Cove, these wetlands were a rich source of fish, waterfowl and shellfish. Early Dutch and . . . — Map (db m49794) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Changes in the Land
The land we know as Liberty State Park has undergone many changes. Known to the Lenape Indians as Communipaw Cove, it was a place of saltmarshes and oysters. Later Dutch and English settlers harvested salt hay for their livestock. To native people . . . — Map (db m69423) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Communipaw and Lafayette
Henry Hudson’s “Half Moon” anchored off Communipaw in 1609. In 1633 the Dutch West India Company built the first house occupied by “John the Laugher.” A small colony of Dutch houses and farms developed along the shore where . . . — Map (db m42415) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Copper for the Statue of Liberty
This stone from the mine that produced the copper in the Statue of Liberty was brought with the sailing ship "Sorlandet" as a gift to the United States of America from the citizens of Karmov, Norway. July 4, 1986 — Map (db m42185) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Delaware Indian Burials
Delaware             Stockbridge Munsee Tribe of Indians   Band of Mohican Indians Delaware Nation Delaware Indian Burials Uncovered on Ellis and Liberty Islands Re-interred May 1, 2003 — Map (db m49281) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Edouard Rene De Laboulaye(1811 – 1883)
He conceived this monument, showing the love of Liberty shared by France and America. This statue would be a gift from a people to a people. It was intended for the 1876 Centennial, but was delayed until 1886. De Laboulaye never saw his dream . . . — Map (db m49811) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Emma Lazarus
Emma Lazarus was born into a prominent fourth generation Jewish family, one of the oldest in New York City, on July 22, 1849. Her father recognized Emma’s talent for writing at an early age and encouraged her work. In 1866, when Emma was seventeen, . . . — Map (db m49322) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Emma Lazarus(1849 – 1887)
In 1883 this American poet and essayist wrote “The New Colossus” to aid the Pedestal Fund Campaign. Twenty years later her sonnet was cast in bronze and placed inside the Statue’s pedestal. “Give me your tired, your poor, . . . . . — Map (db m49815) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Empty Sky: New JerseySeptember 11th Memorial
On the morning of September 11, 2001, with the skies so clear that the Twin Towers across the river appeared to be within reach, the very essence of what our country stands for - freedom, tolerance, and the pursuit of happiness – was attacked. . . . — Map (db m49789) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Explosion at Liberty!
On July 30, 1916, the Black Tom munitions depot exploded, rocking New York Harbor and sending sleeping residents tumbling from their beds. The noise of the explosion was heard as far away as Maryland and Connecticut. On Ellis Island, terrified . . . — Map (db m126348) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Farrier Memorial
to the Volunteer Fireman of Jersey City Erected through the bequest of Capt. Frederick T. Farrier as a token of the friendship and esteem in which he held his former associates in the Volunteer Fire Department. Edwin M. Farrier 1931                 . . . — Map (db m42413) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Gibson: Ammunition to Immigration
In the decades following the War of 1812, Fort Gibson continued to be used as a military installation. Large magazines were built to store explosive black powder, which was too unstable to be kept at the Navy Yard in Brooklyn. During the Civil War, . . . — Map (db m49335) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Gibson: Defending the Approaches
The fort that stood here on Ellis Island was part of two defensive triangles which made it almost impossible for enemy ships to approach New York City. Any ship entering the upper harbor first had to pass the guns of Fort Wood on Liberty Island and . . . — Map (db m49310) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Gibson: Oyster Banks to Batteries
The earliest fort on this site was built in 1794. Great Britain’s navy had been seizing American merchant ships and forcing their sailors into service on British vessels. Congress decided that the nation’s most important harbors should be defended . . . — Map (db m49336) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Gibson: The New York Harbor System
Fort Gibson was among 40 forts constructed between 1794 and 1812 in the United States. All were built during threats of war resulting from attacks on American shipping by Great Britain and France, two dominant powers of the 18th and 19th centuries. . . . — Map (db m49311) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Gibson: The Other Ellis Island Story
The stones you see here reveal yet another layer of the story of Ellis Island. This is the story of Fort Gibson, one of the earliest forts built after the American Revolution to protect New York Harbor. Discovered during the excavations for the . . . — Map (db m49298) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Gibson: Uncovering the Past
If you were standing here in 1812, you would be looking at the exterior wall of Fort Gibson, which was five and a half feet thick and sixteen feet high. What you see now are the remains of that wall’s lower half. These remains, which continue seven . . . — Map (db m49299) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Fort Wood
The Statue of Liberty’s pedestal sits atop the remains of Fort Wood, originally one link in a chain of defenses protecting New York City and its vital harbor. The fort was built between 1808 and 1811 in the shape of an eleven-pointed star and was . . . — Map (db m49283) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Frederic Auguste Bartholdi(1834 – 1904)
A French sculptor and friend of De Laboulaye, he created the Statue of “Liberty Enlightening the World” and selected its site. Inspired by his first view of New York Harbor, Bartholdi later wrote “The Statue was born for this . . . — Map (db m49812) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Immigrant Processing in New York
Prior to 1855, immigrants arriving at the port of New York were free to enter the United States if their vessel was checked and cleared for all “loathsome and contagious diseases.” Between 1855 and 1890, approximately 8 million new . . . — Map (db m49300) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Inside the Statue
Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi chose to build the Statue of Liberty out of copper – a lightweight metal – critical for such a large work. In order to fashion the metal, the sculptor had to first make full size sections of the Statue out of . . . — Map (db m49319) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Jack Roosevelt Robinson
“A life is not important except in the impact it has on other lives.” Jack Roosevelt Robinson 1919–1972 Jack Roosevelt Robinson, the first African-American to break the color barrier in Major League Baseball, . . . — Map (db m6101) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Jane Tuers
This marks the site of the home of Jane Tuers a heroine of the American Revolution Presented by Jane Tuers Cociety C.A.R. 1925 — Map (db m63612) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Jersey City Civil War Memorial
In memory of the Soldiers of Jersey City who fought in the War of the Rebellion. [ Back of Monument: ] This monument is erected by the executor of the estate of the late Edward J. Donnelly, Sergt. Co. C, 5th N.J. Volunteers and a . . . — Map (db m42406) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Joseph Pulitzer(1847 – 1911 )
As publisher of the New York World newspaper, this Hungarian immigrant conducted the editorial crusade that popularized the American Pedestal Fund Campaign. His last will and testament established the Pulitzer prizes for achievement in journalism, . . . — Map (db m49814) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Liberation
Dedicated to America’s role of preserving freedom and rescuing the oppressed, this monument, by Natan Rapoport, of an American soldier carrying a World War II concentration camp survivor was gifted to the State of New Jersey through the generosity . . . — Map (db m13295) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Liberty’s Symbols
The Statue of Liberty conveys its message of freedom through a number of dramatic symbols. The broken shackles at her feet signify escape from tyranny. In her left arm, she holds a tablet of law inscribed in Roman numerals the date of the American . . . — Map (db m49290) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Lincoln Park
Hudson County’s great public work of the 1890’s was Hudson (now Kennedy) Boulevard, a 20-mile landscaped roadway running through the county. Construction caused the demolition or relocation of many buildings and was completed in 1895. The road . . . — Map (db m42419) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Morris Pesin’s Legendary Canoe Trip Which Launched Liberty State Park
On the foggy, drizzly morning of June 13, 1958, Morris Pesin (1911-1992) made his historic 8 minute canoe trip to the Statue of Liberty with a Jersey Journal reporter to dramatize the close proximity of the Jersey City shoreline to Ms. . . . — Map (db m126346) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Mystic Lincoln
Sculptor   James Earle Frazer Erected in 1930 by the Lincoln Association of Jersey City with contributions from the school children of Jersey City. Rededicated February 12, 2005 75th Anniversary [ Pedestal Inscription: ] Lincoln . . . — Map (db m42408) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — New York Sculptures
The French government commissioned Bartholdi to create a sculpture of the Marquis de Lafayette as a gift to America for its support during the Franco-Prussian War. The sculpture shows Lafayette offering his heart and his sword to the colonists . . . — Map (db m49317) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Newkirk House
Jersey City’s oldest building, the Newkirk House was erected circa 1690 a few blocks northeast of the nearby Dutch settlement of Bergen Square (1660). Occupied for two centuries by the Newkirk family, the sandstone structure was sold by . . . — Map (db m63613) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — NewportJersey City
. . . — Map (db m35586) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Old Bergen Church
The Old Bergen Church, a Dutch Reformed Church, is a classic blending of Greek Revival details and form, with New Jersey Dutch influences. Originally founded in 1662 at Bergen Avenue and Vroom Street, the church has undergone two rebuildings on this . . . — Map (db m6137) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Paulus Hook
Washington’s “Flying Camp” here in 1776. Later fort held by British during entire war despite American attacks. — Map (db m7697) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Peter StuyvesantC. 1612 – 1672
In 1660, as the last Dutch Director-General of the colony of New Netherland, Stuyvesant was instrumental in the establishment of the Village of Bergen, which was near this site. The Scottish-American sculptor J. Massey Rhind was commissioned to . . . — Map (db m100143) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Rt. Rev. Msgr. Roger A. McGinleyPriest and Patriot
In grateful memory of Right Reverend Monsignor Roger A. McGinley Priest and Patriot who by teaching and example raised the level of citizenship in our city, and by founding Saint Aedan’s Parish in 1912, serving as its pastor for twenty-four . . . — Map (db m35589) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Statue Facts
Height from base to torch           151’ 1”       (46.50m) Pedestal foundation to torch       305’ 1”       (92.99m) Length of hand                            16’ 5”        (5.00m) Index finger                                 8’ . . . — Map (db m49332) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Symbolism
“In all ages, the achievements of man and his aspirations have been represented by symbols” noted an official at the dedication of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor more than 100 years ago. Although unaware at the time of the . . . — Map (db m49320) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The American Immigrant Wall of Honor ®
The American Immigrant Wall of Honor ® celebrates the peopling of America. The names of individuals and families are inscribed on the wall for posterity as gifts of remembrance through donations made to restore and maintain Ellis Island. The . . . — Map (db m49816) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The American Immigrant Wall of Honor ®
The American Immigrant Wall of Honor ® celebrates the peopling of America. The names of individuals and families are inscribed on the wall for posterity as gifts of remembrance through donations made to restore and maintain Ellis Island. The . . . — Map (db m49817) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Bridge of Nations
. . . — Map (db m51513) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Central Railroad of New Jersey (CRRNJ) TerminalFerry Houses: Connecting People, Boats and Trains
From 1864 until 1967: the Central Railroad of New Jersey (CRRNJ) Terminal provided a vital link between the New Jersey and New York City shores. At its busiest, more than 200 ferry sailings transported tens of thousands of commuters and thousands of . . . — Map (db m13300) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Central Railroad of New Jersey (CRRNJ) TerminalEmigrant (Immigrant) Waiting Room
After passing the Statue of Liberty and being processed at Ellis Island, where did the new Americans go? Once declared “clearly and beyond a doubt, entitled to land” almost two-thirds of the immigrants processed at Ellis Island . . . — Map (db m49339) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal
This terminal was completed in June, 1889 and became fully operational on October 6, 1889. For almost 80 years it served as the main passenger terminal for the Central Railroad Company of New Jersey at this strategic Jersey City waterfront location. . . . — Map (db m13290) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Historic Trilogy
The term “Historic Trilogy” is used to represent the role the Central Railroad of New Jersey (CRRNJ) Terminal, Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty played in American history. It was these three historic structures that greeted most . . . — Map (db m49344) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Historic Trilogy
The term “Historic Trilogy” is used to represent the role the Central Railroad of New Jersey (CRRNJ) Terminal, Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty played in American history. It was these three historic structures that greeted most . . . — Map (db m69419) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Manhattan Skyline
In 1886, the Statue of Liberty standing on her pedestal, stood taller than any other structure in New York City. At 305 feet, 1 inch (92.99 meters), it exceeded even the Brooklyn Bridge, which had been completed three years earlier. However, the . . . — Map (db m49308) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The New Colossus
The Statue of Liberty was the first statue designed by Bartholdi to be completed. Earlier, in the 1850s, while traveling in Egypt, the Nubia and Ethiopia, he designed an immense lighthouse for the opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt, but the design . . . — Map (db m49315) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The New Ferry Building – Ellis IslandSave America’s Treasures — Statue of Liberty Nat’l Mon & Ellis Island
Restoration of the New Ferry Building on Ellis Island is being supported in part by a Federal Save America’s Treasures award administered by the National Park Service, Department of the Interior. New Ferry Building In 1999, the Statue of . . . — Map (db m49291) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Pedestal
The granite pedestal of the Statue was paid for entirely by private funds raised in the United States. It was designed by the eminent American architect, Richard Morris Hunt, and engineered by former Civil War General, Charles P. Stone. Its variety . . . — Map (db m49287) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The Salt Marsh
Salt marshes like the one you are looking at, once lined the entire coast of New York Harbor. Most were filled as the Harbor became an industrial port. However, this remnant marsh teems with the life that results when brackish (salty) water meets . . . — Map (db m69424) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — The South Side of Ellis Island — Statue of Liberty Natl Mon/Ellis Island Immigration Museum
An Adventure in Stabilization Ellis Island The 29 buildings on the south side of Ellis Island comprise one of the largest hospitals to be built in the United States during the first decades of this [20th] century. With more than a quarter . . . — Map (db m49309) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — U.S.S. Maine Memorial
In Memoriam U.S.S. Maine Destroyed in Havana Harbor February 15, 1898 This tablet is cast from metal recovered from the U.S.S. Maine Presented to the People of Jersey City, N.J. By General Joseph Wheeler Post No. 4 A.V.F.S. . . . — Map (db m6102) HM
New Jersey (Hudson County), Jersey City — Why is the Statue Green?
The answer is in the air. The Statue’s skin is made of copper, and when copper is exposed to oxygen in the air, it undergoes a chemical reaction called oxidation. The reaction causes a fine crust or film to develop that is usually green in . . . — Map (db m49289) HM

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