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Lewistown, Montana Historical Markers

 
108 Hawthorne Avenue and Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, August 18, 2019
108 Hawthorne Avenue and Marker
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — 108 Hawthorne AvenueJudith Place Historic District
The Empire Land Company constructed many of Judith Place’s most fashionable residences, including this one- and-one-half-story Craftsman style home circa 1914. Reflecting the Progressive Era’s emphasis on efficiency, the company adopted the . . . — Map (db m143460) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — 240 mm Howitzer M1
The 240 was designed and first built in 1941. It was used extensively in WWII in Europe and in the Pacific. It was also used in Korea until the ammo supply ran out. More recently, the 240 was in service in the Republic of China. None are now known . . . — Map (db m143340) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — 521 West MainLewistown Central Business Historic District
In March of 1914, four hundred local business owners protested locating Lewistown’s new post office on this site, claiming that the call for bids was not properly advertised. Most favored housing the post office in the Masonic Temple building. . . . — Map (db m143414) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Abraham and Mary Walton Hogeland House
In the 1870s, ranchers and prospectors looking for gold in the Judith Mountains clamored for military protection as they settled a region recently controlled by the Blackfeet. In response, the federal government constructed Fort Maginnis in 1880. . . . — Map (db m143506) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — All Purpose ShopLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
During World War II, the Army Corps of Engineers built almost 1,300 airfields. These rapidly constructed facilities followed standardized plans, all of which included an All Purpose Shop. The unassuming one-story buildings served as the bases' . . . — Map (db m143570) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Armament BuildingLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
Sand-filled “Blue Beetle” practice bombs with a five-pound black powder charge were loaded here for placement in the B-17s’ bomb bays. The practice bombs were later dropped in 1,000-foot circles during the daytime and on lighted targets . . . — Map (db m143572) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Attix ClinicLewistown Central Business Historic District
Dr. Frederick F. Attix came to Lewistown in 1901 where he set up one of the first local medical practices. Dr. Attix traveled 70,000 miles in his horse and buggy visiting patients in mining camps, often operating by lamplight in bunkhouses. On April . . . — Map (db m143417) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Bank of Fergus CountyLewistown Central Business Historic District
Kent and Bell, designers of the Montana State Capitol, drew the plans for this Renaissance Revival/Beaux Arts- inspired building of sandstone and brick, completed in 1904. The bank was Lewistown’s first, founded in 1887 by S. S. Hobson, James H. . . . — Map (db m143365) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Bombsite Storage BuildingLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
Barbed wire encircled this double-compartment storage building and a 24-hour sentry kept armed guard. The top secret Norden bombsight, a mechanical analog computer, was accessed through bank vault doors, removed carefully for training missions, and . . . — Map (db m143576) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Bon-TonLewistown Central Business Historic District
Built around 1893, the Bon-Ton is one of four remaining pre-1900 masonry structures in the Central Business Historic District. The term bon-ton means “a good or elegant form or style; regarded as fashionably correct.” This structure is . . . — Map (db m143410) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Camouflage BuildingLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
The United States Army Air Force (USAAF) trained its field maintenance crews in camouflage painting to make aircraft difficult to distinguish from the ground. Constructed in the spring of 1943, this building was designed for teaching and . . . — Map (db m143595) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Carnegie LibraryCourthouse Historic District
Lewistown's first library opened in 1897 with 269 books in a corner of Mary Hanson's millinery shop. When Mrs. Hanson left town two years later, the collection moved to the office of Elizabeth Peeples, county superintendent of schools. In 1905 . . . — Map (db m143418) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Courthouse Historic District
In 1879, Metis—people of French and Chippewa-Cree descent—homesteaded in this area, near the army’s Camp Lewis. Many street names memorialize these settlers, who included Francis A. Janeaux and Paul Morase. But open range cattle . . . — Map (db m143419) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Crew Chief Building
The mechanics that kept the heavy four-engine bombers, known as “flying fortresses,” aloft and the crew chiefs that coordinated the efforts of their teams had offices in this building. The squadrons that trained at Lewistown, Glasgow, . . . — Map (db m143574) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Fort Maginnis
Fort Maginnis, the last army post created in Montana, was built about 8 miles north of here in 1880. This country was great buffalo range before that time, but cattlemen were bringing in stock from the western valleys and the Texas longhorns were . . . — Map (db m92697) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — HangarLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
The airfield’s immense hangar dominates the flight apron and appears much as it did when World War II vintage B-17s roared down the runway. Construction of the airfield began in July 1942. The original hangar plans were soon modified, increasing the . . . — Map (db m143591) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Hopkins GroceryLewistown Central Business Historic District
Welsh immigrant Archibald Hopkins settled in central Montana in the 1870s, where he raised produce for sale to local markets. Hopkins watched Lewistown grow from a small trading post to an established community before linking his fortunes to the . . . — Map (db m143458) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Knerr-Tubb Block / Armory HallLewistown Central Business Historic District
Rubble stone construction with brick veneer became Main Street’s preferred design after 1909. The elegant façade of this business block is an early example of the newer style, constructed before 1911 when locally produced bricks became available. . . . — Map (db m143459) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Lehman BunkhouseCourthouse Historic District
Two distinct buildings of different origins but with a shared purpose rest companionably side by side on this site today. Pioneer merchant Charles Lehman constructed the handsome stone segment in the 1890s as a rooming house for his unmarried male . . . — Map (db m143507) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Lewiston Satellite Airfield Historic District
In the dark days following the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor, Congress appropriated massive defense appropriations. The US Army selected Great Falls, Montana, as the site of a major air base. Concurrent with its construction were . . . — Map (db m143590) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Lewistown
Located at the geographical center of the state, the Lewistown area was the center of many significant events during Montana's formative years. The Blackfeet, Crow and Lakota knew the area as one of their last great buffalo hunting grounds. In 1874, . . . — Map (db m143336) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Lewistown Army Airfield1942-1943
At this airfield, US Army Air Force airmen trained to fly and fight with the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress during the darkest days of WWII. Heavy bomber crews completed final proficiency phase training here before being assigned to aerial combat in . . . — Map (db m143627) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Lewistown Mercantile CompanyLewistown Central Business Historic District
Rail transportation in the early twentieth century brought homesteaders to Fergus County and cemented Lewistown’s role as a regional commercial center. The General Brokerage Company of Grand Rapids, North Dakota, financed this stunning warehouse for . . . — Map (db m143355) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Lewistown Silk Stocking Historic District
The seven large residences that comprise Lewistown’s mansion, hence “silk stocking,” district were built during the city’s period of greatest prosperity, from 1904 to 1919. In this small neighborhood, central Montana’s major . . . — Map (db m143504) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — LGM-30A Minuteman I
Manufacturer: Boeing Height: 53 feet 8 inches Years in Service: 1961-1969 In the late 1950s, the U.S. public perceived there was a "missile gap" between the United States and the Soviet Union, meaning the Soviet Union was . . . — Map (db m143339) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Mackey Building (Montana Tavern)Lewistown Central Business Historic District
Constructed during the 1911 half-million-dollar Lewistown building boom, the $20,000 Mackey Building sits directly over Big Spring Creek. A blend of Romanesque and Classical Revival styles, the structure maintains much of its original façade, . . . — Map (db m143360) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — McDonald and Charters BlockLewistown Central Business Historic District
The beautiful blending of brick and handcut stone in this 1905 business block serves as a fine example of Lewistown’s distinctive architecture. Romanesque Revival arches, Renaissance Revival wall layering, and an Italianate cornice speak to the . . . — Map (db m143413) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Montana BuildingLewistown Central Business Historic District
This elaborate six-story brick structure represents a visible sign of the stability and prosperity in Lewistown in 1916 and stands as the architectural anchor of the Central Business District. The construction of this mixed Neoclassical and Revival . . . — Map (db m143364) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Operations and Alert Building
Planning and scheduling of the training missions took place in this one-story T-shaped building during an eleven- month period in 1942-1943. After November 1942, when the first of the four-engine B-17 bombers roared down the airfield, they filled . . . — Map (db m143575) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Phillips Drug CompanyLewistown Central Business Historic District
One of four remaining pre-1900 masonry structures in the 300 block of Main, this structure at 322 and 324 West Main Street originally housed a restaurant and drug store. “Prescriptions our Specialty” proclaimed an early advertisement for . . . — Map (db m143411) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Power Mercantile Building
Possibly one of the first architect-designed stone buildings along Main Street, the Power Mercantile Building is the most visible example of Lewistown’s stone architecture. Merchant Francis Janeaux became indebted to supplier T. C. Power and lost . . . — Map (db m143379) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Pre-War Hangar
Local businessman Harrison Green established Lewistown’s first airport at this location in 1928, intending to sell it to the city or operate it as a private enterprise. The city, however, established its own airport in 1933 just across the road from . . . — Map (db m143593) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Quartermaster WarehousesLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
Caring for the squadrons of men who trained at the airfield was no easy task. It required a permanent host crew of approximately 150 to keep the base running smoothly. In addition to providing the actual training, members of the host crew assured . . . — Map (db m143596) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Recreation BuildingLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
Essential for maintaining morality and morale, the Recreation Building was one of the busiest spots on base. A host of activities provided wholesome entertainment to occupy the airmen's off-duty hours. Events included amateur nights on Mondays, . . . — Map (db m143573) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Saint Leo's Catholic ChurchLewistown Central Business Historic District
Lewistown’s first Catholic church was a small frame structure built in 1888. Visiting priests from distant St. Peter’s Mission, Great Falls, and Fort Benton celebrated mass for the French-Canadian, Indian, and settler congregations. The first . . . — Map (db m143456) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Statue of Liberty
This replica of the Statue of Liberty was obtained in about 1950 to help celebrate Boy Scouting, which was established in Great Britain in 1908. The Boy Scouts of America soon followed. J.P. Whitaker, then scout commissioner of the Kansas City Area . . . — Map (db m143337) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — The History of Central Montana Railroads1903-2016
(Three panels, presented left to right, make up this marker) panel 1: The railroad era in Lewistown ended in 2003. Subsequent to the end of rail service, the BNSF Railway Company negotiated an interim trail use and . . . — Map (db m143508) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — The HubLewistown Central Business Historic District
Lewistown’s population tripled between 1900 and 1910 and the booming building trade attracted stonemasons and craftsmen, many of them Croatian immigrants, who settled here. The upper façade of this 1908 one-story commercial building, revealed during . . . — Map (db m143363) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — The Judith Basin Country
The Judith Basin occupies a central place in Montana's history. For centuries, the lush grasses of the region attracted large numbers of buffalo, antelope, and deer. The abundant game, in turn, drew Indian hunting parties to this area. But the late . . . — Map (db m143626) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — The Nez Perce Conflict of 1877Trading Post at Lewistown — The Exile —
Three panels make up this marker. (panel 1:) For thousands of years the fertile Wallowa Valley was home to many Nimiipuu, or Nez Perce people. A treaty in 1855 affirmed Nez Perce ownership of this homeland. Competition for . . . — Map (db m143628) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — The Queen of the Judith Basin
The old mining camp of Maiden, now a ghost town, is located about 10 miles east of here. She roared into existence in April 1880 when "Slookum Joe" Anderson, Frank McPartland, and Dave Jones discovered placer gold in the heart of the Judith . . . — Map (db m143629) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Thompson-Lewis House
Stone buildings constructed by skilled Croatian stonemasons are intrinsic to Lewistown’s unique personality. Peter Tuss, who built this home with Anthony Weingart in 1902, was one such prominent craftsman. Constructed for Citizens’ Electric Company . . . — Map (db m143505) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Training BuildingLewistown Satellite Airfield Historic District
During World War II, many aircrews came to Lewistown for the final phase of their training. Here they logged an average eight hours of ground school for every hour of flying time. In this building the men studied aircraft identification, learned . . . — Map (db m143592) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — US Land Office/Warr BuildingLewistown Central Business Historic District
A man of vision and foresight, Austin W. Warr contributed to the financial development of early Lewistown. Warr established many of Lewistown’s founding companies, became a key figure in the development of Central Montana, and helped ensure the . . . — Map (db m143356) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Viet Nam Service Appreciation Memorial
In 1969, this Viet Nam Appreciation Memorial, one of the first in the nation, was dedicated. The memorial was the result of the desire of the central Montana youth to honor their friends and neighbors serving our country in the Viet Nam War. When a . . . — Map (db m143338) HM WM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Warr BuildingLewistown Central Business Historic District
Austin W. Warr employed renowned architect John H. Kent—one of the architects for the Montana Capitol Building—to design the Warr Building. Warr organized the Lewistown Telephone Company in 1899. Upon completion of this new office . . . — Map (db m143359) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Warr-Lane BuildingLewistown Central Business Historic District
The banner year of 1913 saw close to $1.5 million spent in Lewistown on construction. Two thirds of that sum went toward new, elegant business blocks. The city’s rapid growth—from approximately a thousand people in 1910 to over five thousand . . . — Map (db m143412) HM
Montana (Fergus County), Lewistown — Wiedeman ApartmentsLewistown Central Business Historic District
As Lewistown’s population doubled between 1910 and 1920, the community found itself short on living space. According to the paper, newcomers had difficulty procuring “even the most indifferent dwelling accommodations.” G. R. Wiedeman . . . — Map (db m143455) HM

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