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Mercersburg, Pennsylvania Historical Markers

 
Ambush at Mercersburg Marker image, Touch for more information
By Robert H. Moore, II, April 25, 2009
Ambush at Mercersburg Marker
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Ambush at Mercersburg
On July 3, 1863, three Confederate riders in Mercersburg’s town square were ambushed by two Union stragglers. Bullets passed through Private J.W. Alban, killing him and also the horse of the rider beside him. The third man quickly galloped out of . . . — Map (db m18533) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Black Boys Rebellion
This conflict began in 1765 on the site of the Widow Barr's house west of here, when British troops from Fort Loudon skirmished with a group of white settlers, wounding colonist James Brown. "The Black Boys," led by James Smith, opposed renewed . . . — Map (db m83985) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Buchanan House
James Buchanan, lawyer, statesman, diplomat, 15th President of the U.S., born in Stony Batter, lived here 1796-1807. Sgt. Patrick Gass, carpenter for winter quarters on the Lewis & Clark expedition, 1803-06, worked here as an apprentice, 1794-95. — Map (db m8016) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Burning Of Chambersburg
Over this road Gen. John McCausland's Confederate cavalry marched north on July 29, 1864. By way of Mercersburg, they reached and burned Chambersburg next morning, and were at McConnellsburg next night. — Map (db m43111) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Citizens Seized
On October 10, 1862, Confederate cavalry commanded by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart briefly occupied Mercersburg on their way to raid Chambersburg. Acting under orders from Gen. Lee, Stuart took ten men from the Mercersburg area hostage. Cornellus Louderbaugh . . . — Map (db m8030) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Col. Murphy's Hotel
Built c. 1798 and used as a dormitory of Marshall College, the "Old Mansion House" was acquired by Col. Murphy in 1845 who managed it as a prominent hotel until 1864. It was rumored to be a station on the underground railroad. Soon to be President . . . — Map (db m8041) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Dr. Hugh Mercer
A physician and surgeon, practiced in the Conococheague settlement 1750 – 1755, and lived in this locality during that time. A personal friend of Washington, a general in the Revolutionary Army, he received his death wounds at the Battle of . . . — Map (db m58687) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Fort Davis
Built about 1755, on land of Philip Davis. Farthest south in this State of a line of settlers' refuges from Indian attacks. The site is about a mile away. — Map (db m83984) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Fort Marshall
This settlers' refuge, located near Warm Spring Indian Trail, was built about 1755 on the land of William Marshall. It was used as a station in the daily military patrol to guard the southwestern frontier of the Conococheague Settlement from raids . . . — Map (db m8021) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Fort McDowell
John McDowell's mill, stockaded in 1755 by local settlers. Used by Provincial authorities until building of Fort Loudon, 1756. Starting point of Col. Burd's road to the West, 1755. — Map (db m8044) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — James Buchanan15th President of the United States 1857 - 1861
James Buchanan, a Representative and a Senator from Pennsylvania and the 15th President of the United States; born at Cove Gap, near Mercersburg, Franklin County, Pa., April 23, 1791; moved to Mercersburg, Pa. with his parents in 1796; was privately . . . — Map (db m8036) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — James Buchanan
Born April 23, 1791.Passed his schoolboy days in Mercersburg, became a lawyer, member of the legislature and of Congress, Minister to Russia, member of the United States Senate, Secretary of State, Minister to Great Britian and fifteenth President . . . — Map (db m58661) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — John Darby, Lot 14, 1786
John Wolfe, 1795 Jacob Shaffer, 1815 Thomas Reynolds Robert McCoy D.M.B. Shannon, 1856 Dr. John Kuhn, 1905 Dr. William Grove, 1950 James W. & Carol W. Smith, 1972 — Map (db m58691) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Lane House
Built by Thomas Lane. Was later occupied by the family of Elliott Lane, a brother. Here, Harriet Lane, niece of James Buchanan, and mistress of the White House during his Presidency, was born. — Map (db m8018) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Marshall College
Used the Theological Seminary building. Was chartered, 1836; removed to Lancaster, 1853, and united with Franklin College. First president was Dr. Frederick A. Rauch, famed scholar and educator; author of textbook on psychology. — Map (db m8014) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Mercersburg
Founded c.1750 as “Black’s Town” and called “Smith’s Town” after 1759. Renamed “Mercersburg” in 1786 to honor Hugh Mercer, a Scot, who came to this area c.1749, established a local medical practice and served with . . . — Map (db m83997) WM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Mercersburg Borough
Mercersburg Borough was incorporated in 1831 with a population of 700. This lot was the site of the first Town jail and an early band shell. F. Keagy built Borough Hall in 1904 for $4304.38; G. Seylor added the clock tower in 1909 for $375. South . . . — Map (db m84004) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — President Buchanan’s Home
1796 – 1829 — Map (db m58690) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Reformed Theological Seminary
Was situated on this campus, 1837-71. Here, Drs. Frederick A. Rauch, John W. Nevin, Philip Schaff, taught and wrote. Their works on theology, philosophy, and church history were influential in the U. S. and Europe. — Map (db m8015) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Rev. Steel's Fort
The Rev. John Steel, pastor of Upper West Conococheague, was made militia captain; and his church, stockaded in 1755, provided protection from hostile Indians. The site is at Church Hill. — Map (db m8013) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Steiger House at Mercersburg
Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart, during the first Chambersburg Raid (October 1862), stopped in Mercersburg at Bridgeside, the home of Mr. and Mrs. George Steiger. He intended to use the house as his headquarters while his troops rounded up . . . — Map (db m18534) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Stuart's Headquarters
On Oct. 10, 1862, 1800 picked Confederate cavalry commanded by Maj. Gen. J.E.B. Stuart and Brig. Gen. Wade Hampton with four cannon under Maj. John Pelham occupied Mercersburg on their way to destroy the railroad bridge at Chambersburg used to . . . — Map (db m18536) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Stuart's Raid
Confederate cavalry under Gen. J.E.B. Stuart entered this state Oct. 10. 1862. Unable to burn the iron bridge at Chambersburg, they reentered Maryland near Emmitsburg, Oct. 11, circling the Union Army. — Map (db m43132) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The 54th Mass. Infantry Regiment, US Colored Troops
In 1863, the 54th Massachusetts Regiment was among the first Civil War combat units open to African Americans. Troops from Pennsylvania made up more than 20 percent of the acclaimed unit. Mercersburg was second only to Philadelphia in mustering . . . — Map (db m44651) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — The Archibald Irwin House
On September 26, 2003, this property was nearly destroyed by fire. Located in the northwest corner in a two-story log house built in 1791-1792 by Archibald Irwin. Irwin's granddaughter Jane married William Henry Harrison, Jr., and served as First . . . — Map (db m8039) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — This Stone Marks the Site of the Fort at McDowell's Mill
Erected by John McDowell before 1754. It was used as a base of supplies and as a magazine until the erection of Fort Loudon in 1756. The military road from Pennsylvania, connecting with the Braddock Road at Turkey Foot, was built from this point in . . . — Map (db m8045) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — To Irwinton Mills
In the limestone mansion house still standing, lived Archibald Irwin and Jean McDowell, his wife. To them were born two daughters. Jane, the elder, became the wife of William Henry Harrison, Jr., and was mistress of the White House during the brief . . . — Map (db m58686) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — W-G-M Turnpike
Built c. 1845 as Number 8 of the nine tollhouses on the Waynesburg-Greencastle-McConnellsburg turnpike which ran 2 miles from the Maryland state line east of Waynesboro through Mercersburg to McConnellsburg, this building is one of two extant . . . — Map (db m58685) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — William Findlay
Governor of Pennsylvania, 1817-20; born on this site, June 20, 1768. First candidate for governor nominated by convention. Advocate of State internal improvements; U.S. Senator 1821-27. Died, Nov. 12, 1846, at Harrisburg. — Map (db m8020) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — William Findlay
In commemoration of William Findlay. Born in Mercersburg June 20, 1768; member of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives five sessions, 1797-1807; State Treasurer for eleven years; Governor of the Commonwealth 1817-1820; United States Senator . . . — Map (db m58689) HM
Pennsylvania (Franklin County), Mercersburg — Zion Union Cemetery
Eighty-eight African Americans from Mercersburg volunteered to defend the Union during the Civil War. At least 36 of those veterans lie in Mercersburg Zion Union Cemetery, established in 1876 by local Black citizens. By 1850 Mercersburg had 26 . . . — Map (db m44650) HM

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