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Montpelier Station, Virginia Historical Markers

 
Civil War and Gilmore Farm Trail Marker image, Touch for more information
By Pete Payette, May 13, 2017
Civil War and Gilmore Farm Trail Marker
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Civil War & Gilmore Farm Trail
Roundtrip: One mile of level woodland trails An easy walk through a Confederate winter camp to the Gilmore Farm, home of freed Montpelier slave, George Gilmore and his wife, Polly. Montpelier During the War After Dolley Madison sold . . . — Map (db m103579) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Civil War Encampment
Guided by the discoveries of local relic collectors, archaeologists have found an extensive Confederate Army encampment within these woods. Excavations have uncovered the remains of huts built by the soldiers during the winter of 1863 and 1864. The . . . — Map (db m24157) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Confederate Camp & Freedman's Farm Trail
After Dolley Madison sold Montpelier in 1844, the estate witnessed many important historic events, few more significant than those of the 1860s. Throughout the winter of 1863 and 1864, as many as 4,500 Confederate troops camped here, part of a . . . — Map (db m31715) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Confederate Encampment Reconstructing a Company Street
Modern re-enactors from the 3rd Regiment of the Army of Northern Virginia constructed these huts. Like the South Carolina Brigade before them, the re-enactors cut these logs from the surrounding woods. The trees around you are about the same age as . . . — Map (db m103406) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — JJ-29 — Dolley Madison (1768-1849)
Born to Quaker parents in North Carolina, Dolley Payne lived with her family in Hanover County, Virginia until 1783. Following the death of her first husband, John Todd, she married Congressman James Madison in 1794. As First Lady of the United . . . — Map (db m63669) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Gilmore Family Cemetery
George and Polly Gilmore's Graves This area contains several graves of the Gilmore family. Most prominent among these are the graves of George and Polly Gilmore who are buried beneath the depressions in front of this sign. These depressions . . . — Map (db m103407) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — JJ-26 — Gilmore Farm
George Gilmore was born into slavery at Montpelier about 1810. Like millions of African Americans throughout the South, Gilmore made the transition to freedom after the Civil War. Many emancipated slaves worked on the same plantation where they once . . . — Map (db m23986) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Gilmore Farm A Freedman's Home
George Gilmore, born a slave on the Montpelier plantation about 1810, was freed with the Federal occupation of Orange County in 1865. With his wife Poly and three children, he established a small farmstead near the plantation where he had been . . . — Map (db m103408) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Homes for Enslaved Families c. 1820s
Slaves who worked in the Madison's household lived in this nearby area known as the "south yard." The yards of these homes, where most of the household activities took place, were in direct sight of the mansion. As a result, the Madisons would have . . . — Map (db m23968) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 22 — Madison Farm Complex 1760s - 1840s
In the fields in front of you, archaeologists have found the extremely well-preserved remains of James Madison's plantation farm complex, which served as the hub of the working farm and the home for several generations of field slaves. This complex, . . . — Map (db m24050) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Montpelier Flag Stop
Train service first came to Montpelier in 1880 when the rail line from Orange to Charlottesville was completed. After 1910, a Southern Railway station agent managed the freight, passenger, and telegraph operations, and beginning in 1912, served as . . . — Map (db m31752) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Montpelier Train Station In the Time of Segregation
"We tend to shy away from our past...we should face up to it, live with it, otherwise it will live with you, and haunt you, and distort you, for all your days." John Hope Franklin, historian, Speaking at the Montpelier slave descendants . . . — Map (db m31723) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 23 — Mount Pleasant c. 1750s First Madison Family Home Site
James Madison's grandfather, Ambrose Madison, had his slaves construct Mount Pleasant sometime after 1723. Ambrose moved his family here in 1732 from Virginia's Tidewater and unexpectedly died within a few months. Court records show that three . . . — Map (db m24115) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Post-Emancipation
With emancipation, African-Americans found themselves in a complex situation. By law, slavery was abolished, promising freedom and citizenship, but few owned land or had resources to support themselves, and prejudice against them was widespread. . . . — Map (db m24159) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — Slave Cemetery c. 1820s
The burial ground where you are standing is the final resting lace for many members of Montpelier's enslaved community. Slaves' belief in a spiritual world - originating in African religions - was reinforced by Christianity. This drawing shows . . . — Map (db m24120) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 19 — The African American Cemetery Discovering Madison
"I walk in the graveyard, I walk through the graveyard To lay this body down. I lay in the grave and stretch out my arms; I lay this body down." -African American spiritual from the era of slavery, as recorded in James Weldon Johnson, the . . . — Map (db m24118) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 14 — The Backyard Discovering Madison
"...the sumptuous board spread under the forest oaks .... everything that a luxurious country could produce, wines, and the well filled punch bowl, to say nothing of the invigorating mountain air ..." - Mary Cutts, Memoir, c. 1840. The . . . — Map (db m23969) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 12 — The Blacksmith Shop Discovering Madison
"And I desire my black Smith Moses, may belong to such of my children as he shall chose if they are willing to take him at a reasonable price." - Will of James Madison, Sr., 1787 The Blacksmith shop, constructed by Madison's father in the . . . — Map (db m23966) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 21 — The Garden Discovering Madison
"It was a paradise of roses and other flowers, to say nothing of the strawberries, and vegetables; every rare plant and fruit was sent to him by his admiring friends, who knew his taste, and they were carefully studied and reared by the gardener . . . — Map (db m23985) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 24 — The Madison Family Cemetery Discovering Madison
"The advice nearest to my heart and deepest in my convictions is that the Union of the States be cherished an perpetuated." -James Madison, Advice to My Country, 1834 The Madison Family Cemetery is the understated resting place for two of . . . — Map (db m24117) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 17 — The Quarters Discovering Madison
"The Negro habitations are separate from the dwelling house both here and all over Virginia, and they form a kind of village." - Journal of Sir Augustus John Foster, 1807 The Quarters, a cluster of wooden buildings segregated from the main . . . — Map (db m24047) HM
Virginia (Orange County), Montpelier Station — 8 — The Road Discovering Madison
"Having lost ourselves in the mountain road which leads thro' a wild woody tract of ground, and wandering for some time in Mr. Madison's domain, which seemed interminable, we at last reached his hospitable mansion." - Margret Bayard Smith, . . . — Map (db m23903) HM

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