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Murfreesboro, Tennessee Historical Markers

 
"Charles Egbert Craddock" Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tom Gillard, December 30, 2009
"Charles Egbert Craddock" Marker
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 59 — "Charles Egbert Craddock"0.3 mi.
Mary Noailles Murfree, who later became a prominent authoress under this pen-name, was born at "Grantlands," whose site is now marked by a large pine tree, Jan. 24, 1850. Educated at the Nashville Female Academy, later in Philadelphia, her first . . . — Map (db m99734) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Boys, you must get out of here! You are surrounded!December 13, 1862 - Mid-morning
-James Negley, brigadier general, commanding 2nd Division, Center Wing The jumbled rocks you see here sheltered the four Union regiments of Miller's brigade during a hard two-hour-long fight. Rebel bullets whined and ricocheted, wounding many. Men . . . — Map (db m82338) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 1860s View of East Main StreetRutherford County, Tennessee
This view of a tree-lined East Main Street was taken from the courthouse cupola by an unknown photographer. In the left foreground is the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, constructed in 1859. The congregation was unable to complete the . . . — Map (db m82333) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 1900s Telephone Building
The telephone had made its way into many rural homes by the early 1900s. All calls had to be connected by an operator at a switchboard similar to the one at the Cannonsburgh Telephone Exchange Company. this switchboard originally came from the . . . — Map (db m90674) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — A Patriotic Pulpit
The Rostrum is beautifully located in a grove of native trees ... and will be very greatly appreciated by the people who attend the Decoration [Memorial Day] ceremonies. James Gall, Quartermaster Department Inspector, after inspecting the new . . . — Map (db m37509) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — A Vast Depot
"Nearly every house in the place is filled with government stores. There is a pile of meat larger than our house, besides flour, hay, corn, coffee, rice, sugar, salt, tea, vinegar, etc. etc.... If one family of ten persons had these rations to . . . — Map (db m37837) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Abandoned Artillery
These two Wiard rifled cannon represent two of the four guns lost by Lt. Alexander Marshall of Battery G 1st Ohio Light Artillery (originally two 12 pdr. howitzers, two 12 pdr Wiard rifles, and two six pdr. Wiard rifles.) These guns valiantly but . . . — Map (db m83544) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Agriculture and Gardening
In the Maneys’ time and today, agriculture has played a central role in the economy and culture of Middle Tennessee. Fertile, Productive Farmland The diverse geology of Middle Tennessee resulted in a variety of agriculture, from . . . — Map (db m90999) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Anchoring the Union LineHazen's Brigade — December 31, 1862 - Mid-afternoon
...thousands of small arms kept up the roar equal to Niagara. Men were swept away by hundreds - trees shrubs and everything was torn up, cut off, or shivered ... John Magee, corporal, Stanford's Mississippi Light Artillery Veterans called . . . — Map (db m37374) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Architecture on the SquareRutherford County, Tennessee
Almost all of the buildings that surround the courthouse now date from after the Civil War. Constructed in a restrained frugality more than stylistic choice, these structures replaced the earlier stores and warehouses that composed the . . . — Map (db m69155) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 25 — Army of the CumberlandJune 24, 1863
Moving to Bradyville, 14 mi. S.E., the XXI Corps (T.L. Crittenden) advanced against minor Confederate resistance on Manchester, to rendezvous with the rest of the Army under cover of Granger's feint at Shelbyville. This flanked the Army of Tennessee . . . — Map (db m82334) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Artillery Protects the Supply Line
From this ideal position, Loomis' Battery (1st Michigan Light Artilery - six 2.9" Parrott rifles and Guenther's Battery Co. H, 5th U.S. Artillery - six 12 pdr. Napoleons) smashed Confederate attempts to capture the Nashville Pike, the only supply . . . — Map (db m37584) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Artillery Saves the DayJanuary 2, 1863
Confederate infantry started to wade the river. Could they be stopped? Captain John Mendenhall massed 57 guns here. Shot, shell and canister rained on the attackers, costing them almost 16 casualties a minute. The Confederates could not stand the . . . — Map (db m37695) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Ash Hopper
The ash hopper was essential to every family in the days when soap was homemade. The hopper provided storage for wood ashes used in making lye soap. Come spring, soap-making time, water was poured over the ashes and after several hours of soaking, . . . — Map (db m90679) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. You are here at the Stones . . . — Map (db m37408) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their stories, . . . — Map (db m37485) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their stories, . . . — Map (db m37606) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their stories, . . . — Map (db m37666) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their . . . — Map (db m37694) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones RiverDecember 31, 1862 - January 2, 1863
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their . . . — Map (db m37751) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle at Stones River
Stones River National Battlefield preserves some key portions of the ground where two great armies of Americans - some 81,000 men - clashed with each other. Their bitter, three-day struggle erupted on New Year's Eve 1862. To explore their . . . — Map (db m37762) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Battle of MurfreesboroBeginning of a Legend — Forrest's First Raid
(preface) For two weeks in July 1862, Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest led 1,400 cavalrymen through Middle Tennessee to raid, scout and disrupt the Union Army of the Cumberland’s operation there. Leaving McMinnville on July 13, Forrest fought . . . — Map (db m69157) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 45 — Battle of MurfreesboroJan. 2, 1863
1/2 mile north is the hillock commanding a ford over Stone's River. Here Capt. John Mendenhall, 4th US Artillery, artillery officer on Gen. Crittenden's Staff, set a groupment of 58 guns which broke up the assault across the river of Maj. Gen. John . . . — Map (db m82335) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 162 — Black Fox Camp Spring
1/2 mi. east were the hunting grounds of Cherokee Chief Black Fox, Inali. On Sept. 7, 1794, Ore's Expedition overpowered Black Fox at the spring. According to legend, to avoid capture Black Fox leaped into the spring and emerged from Murfree Spring, . . . — Map (db m82337) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 73 — Bradley Academy
Stood 100 yards E. Organized 1806, with Jos. Dixon, Jno. R. Bedford, Jn. Thompson, St., Wm. P. Anderson, and Robert Smith trustees, it was supported partly by tuition fees, partly by lotteries. An early headmaster was Samuel P. Black. James K. Polk . . . — Map (db m26064) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Bragg's HeadquartersFateful Decisions at Stones River — Battle of Stones River
(Preface): Union Gen. William S. Rosecrans led the Army of the Cumberland from Nashville toward Murfreesboro in December 1862, while Confederate Gen. Braxton Bragg and the Army of the Tennessee occupied the town to protect the approaches to . . . — Map (db m82454) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Breckinridge's AttackLate Afternoon, January 2, 1863 — 4:00 P.M. - 4:45 P.M.
1. Union soldiers were positioned on the east side of Stones River, threatening the Confederate right wing. 2. General John C. Breckinridge's powerful attack forced Colonel John Beatty's Union division back across the river at McFadden's Ford. . . . — Map (db m37750) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Bum Proof StockadeFortress Rosecans
Those things [you see] inside the fort ... this shape + ... are bum [bomb] proof stockades. The outside line is heavy oak timber hewn on 3 sides ... about 10 feet high. The timber is .. set up end ways and firmly secured .... The top is first . . . — Map (db m82455) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 160 — Chalmers’ Brigade at Murfreesboro
General James R. Chalmers Mississippi Brigade (CSA) advanced across these fields at 10 a.m. on December 31, 1862, to attack the Union center at the Round Forest. Their advance was part of General Braxton Bragg’s plan to crush the Union right flank . . . — Map (db m21167) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Chicago Board of Trade BatteryDecember 31, 1862
Panic-stricken Union troops bolted out of the woods, closely pressed by cheering Texans. Canister from the battery's six guns, placed on this rise, forced back the attackers. Reinforced by a second battery, the Union artillerymen repulsed a second . . . — Map (db m37424) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Cotton Field – "No Man's Land"
Rail fences like this one kept free ranging livestock out of farm fields. These fences were quickly consumed by both armies for firewood and breastworks. Courageous Confederate infantry made several charges across this field from noon on the 31st . . . — Map (db m71664) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Country Store
This store, originally located at Link (in Southwestern Rutherford County), was built in 1899 and is typical of the area general stores from the early 1800s through the 1940s. In addition to groceries, country stores carried a wide variety of items . . . — Map (db m90678) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Covered by Cross Fires
To find such a wide break in a fort's wall seems strange to a person today. Yet the gap you see here - then called a sortie passage - is a carefully calculated part of the defenses of Fortress Rosecrans. The area close to the walls was covered . . . — Map (db m37896) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — December 31, 186210 A.M. - Noon
Despite stiffening Union resistance, the Confederate tide swept on. The Federals made stand after stand, only to give ground again. Take this short trail to a Union position among the woods and rock outcroppings. — Map (db m37435) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Doctor's Office
Every town of notable size had a country doctor. And although the doctor saw many of his patients by making house calls, he also maintained a small office near his residence where patients could come to him for treatment. This structure is furnished . . . — Map (db m90677) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 161 — Donelson’s Brigade at Murfreesboro
General Daniel P. Donelson’s Tennessee Brigade (CSA) advanced across these fields on December 31, 1862, around 11 a.m. in support of Chalmers’ Brigade. Donelson’s lines were broken by Chalmers’ retreat and by the Cowan ruins. The brigade split in . . . — Map (db m21168) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Evergreen CemeteryConfederate Circle
The Confederate Circle at historic Evergreen Cemetery was established in 1890. The reburial of Confederate dead from across the county here took place the following year. Among those buried here is Robert James Campbell Gailbreath . . . — Map (db m69176) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Fields of Fire
At the end of 1863, more than fifty cannon stood ready to defend Fortress Rosecrans. Five, including one 8-inch siege howitzer, were assigned to Lunette Palmer. The lunettes of Fortress Rosecrans were primarily artillery platforms. The ground in . . . — Map (db m82456) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 86 — Forrest’s Murfreesboro RaidJuly 13, 1862
Surrender of the Union garrison took place about 4:00 P.M. Units surrendering were Gen. T. T. Crittenden and staff, detachment of the 7th Pennsylvania Cavalry, detachment of the 8th Kentucky Cavalry, “B” Battery, Kentucky Light . . . — Map (db m19367) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 84 — Forrest's Murfreesboro RaidJuly 13, 1862
A task force of Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest's Brigade, consisting of the 1st Georgia Battalion (Morrison) and led by Forrest in person, charged rapidly to this area, at daybreak where they overcame one company of the 9th Michigan Infantry and two . . . — Map (db m82457) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Fortress Rosecrans
The mounds in front of you are the remains of the largest earthen fortification built during the Civil War. Constructed in 1863 after the Battle of Stones River, Fortress Rosecrans protected the huge Union supply depot at Murfreesboro. It included . . . — Map (db m37786) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Fortress RosecransStones River National Battlefield
Constructed in 1863 after the Battle of Stones River, Fortress Rosecrans protected the huge Union supply depot at Murfreesboro. The nearly three miles of earthworks enclosed about 200 acres of storehouses, blockhouses, and powder magazines. Union . . . — Map (db m82458) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest Memorial
Erected to the memory of Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest by the Daughters of the Confederacy for heroic services rendered the citizens of Murfreesboro on July 13, 1862 — Map (db m69146) HM WM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — General Griffith Rutherford1721 -1805
For whom this county was named in 1803. In the early years of the Revolutionary War he commanded all Military Forces west of the Alleghenies — Map (db m69153) HM WM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 166 — Geographic Center of Tennessee
In 1834, the State of Tennessee hired Professor James Hamilton to find its geographic center in order to locate the state capital as near as possible to the center of the state. However, certain circumstances and politics left the capital in . . . — Map (db m82459) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — God has granted us a Happy New Year!
God has granted us a Happy New Year! Braxton Bragg, general commanding the Army of the Tennessee, in a telegram to Confederate President Jefferson Davis On New Year's Eve the fighting had raged from dawn to dusk. Here on the edges of this . . . — Map (db m37421) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 169 — Governor John Prince Buchanan(1847-1930)
John P. Buchanan, the 28th governor of Tennessee, was born in Williamson County on October 27, 1847. After serving in the Confederate Army, he moved to Rutherford County. In 1887, he was elected to the Tennessee House of Representatives. Three years . . . — Map (db m82460) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Haynes Museum
This is the oldest structure to the grounds. It was built circa 1870s as a cotton warehouse. Covering a variety of themes, the exhibits trace life in this Southern community from 1776-1876. — Map (db m90668) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Hazen Brigade MonumentOne of the Oldest Civil War Memorials
The Union army occupied the town, January 5, 1863, three days after the battle here. They spent the winter and spring in and around Murfreesboro. Some of Hazen's men under Lieutenant E. K. Crebbin, 9th Indiana Infantry Regiment, built it of . . . — Map (db m82461) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Hazen's Artillery
This section of guns represents Battery F, 1st Ohio Volunteer Artillery commanded by Lt. Norrel Osburn (four James Rifles & two 12 pdr. howitzers). Along with Capt. Jerome B. Cox's 10th Indiana Battery (four 10 pdr. Parrotts and two 12 pdr. . . . — Map (db m82462) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Hazen's Brigade Monument
(Front):Hazen's Brigade to the memory of its soldiers who fell at Stone River December 31, 1862 "Their faces toward heaven, Their feet to the foe." Inscribed at the close of the war Chickamauga Chattanooga (Right Side):The blood of one . . . — Map (db m37403) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — HeadquartersArmy of the Cumberland
Headquarters Army of the Cumberland Maj. Gen. W.S. Rosecrans Jan 1, 2, and 3 1863 — Map (db m37486) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — HeadquartersArmy of Tennessee
Headquarters Army of Tennessee General Braxton Bragg Jan 1, 2. and 3 1863 — Map (db m37609) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — I Never Saw Anything Like Them Before
Looking over this parapet, you can still see some 1,400 feet of earthwork walls stretching out before you. In 1863 Fortress Rosecrans had more than 14,000 feet of walls surrounding a compound that covered 200 acres. Lunette Thomas This earthwork . . . — Map (db m37864) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — In Battle, Good Men Die
In Battle, Good Men Die —William S. Rosecrans, major general commanding the Army of the Cumberland, speaking about his friend Colonel Garesché. As fierce fighting raged nearby along the Nashville Pike, General Rosecrans and his . . . — Map (db m103213) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 212 — James Daniel Richardson
(side 1) From 1868 to 1914, the residence of James Daniel Richardson stood on this corner. He served as an officer in the 45th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, CSA, and was wounded at Resaca, Georgia. At age 22 he returned to Murfreesboro, . . . — Map (db m76074) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 190 — James M. Buchanan1919 -
James M. Buchanan, economist and author, received the 1986 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. Grandson of a former governor, he attended Middle Tennessee State Teachers College, the University of Tennessee, and the University of Chicago. . . . — Map (db m40549) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — L & N Caboose
Donated to Cannonsburgh in 1988 by CSX Transportation Inc., this caboose recalls the days of the Iron Horse and the expansion of commerce and lifestyle that came about when the railroads were dominant form of overland transportation — Map (db m90666) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Leeman House
The Leeman House is a two-story log structure from Eastern Rutherford County. The circa 1820s front section was made with cedar tree trunks fitted together by skillful notching. The second story rear was a circa 1870s addition. The house layout is . . . — Map (db m90669) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Living Under the Guns
The citizens of occupied Murfreesboro had constant reminders of the powerful federal army entrenched here on their doorsteps. From January 1863 to April 1866, "the streets were crowded at all times with wagons and soldiers....Soldiers camping thick . . . — Map (db m37889) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Loom House (One-Room Log Cabin)
Originally built in the early 1800s in Rutherford County, this is a typical example of that era. Transported here to Cannonsburgh in 1975, it is authentic in every detail and now houses an early 1800s hand loom which can be seen in operation on . . . — Map (db m90675) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Lunette Palmer
Civil War fortifications were precisely designed. Every angle, every mound of earth, and every slope you see here in Lunette Palmer had a specific purpose. Lunette Palmer is a multi-sided, angled earthwork that projects outward from the basic . . . — Map (db m37804) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Lunette Thomas1863 - 1866
[Our fortress] consists of a line of works called "lunettes" forming an irregular circle on both sides of Stones River. The "lunette" is a fortification having embankment, ditch, angles, and so forth in front, but open to the rear. Some of [the] . . . — Map (db m37895) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — McFadden Farm
Union artillerymen on the ridge ahead of you repulsed Confederate troops, leaving 1800 dead and wounded here on January 2, 1863. — Map (db m82463) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — McFadden's Ford
As Union soldiers crouched here behind the breastworks of stone and rail, a battered advance division retreated back across the river, pursued by General John C. Breckinridge's hard-driving Confederate brigades. Union artillery batteries firing from . . . — Map (db m37706) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 279 — Michigan
(Front):The State of Michigan has erected this marker to her brave and courageous sons who fought at Stones River to preserve the union (Back): This marker is dedicated to all the Michigan soldiers engaged in this great battle, to the . . . — Map (db m37458) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 62 — Morgan's Wedding
In a home which stood here, Brig. Gen. John H. Morgan, CSA, was married to Miss Martha Ready December 14, 1862, by Bishop (also Lt. Gen. CSA) Leonidas Polk. Col. Basil Duke was best man. Among the groomsmen were Gen. Braxton Bragg, Lt. Gen. W.J. . . . — Map (db m55484) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 68 — Murfreesboro
First settlers came in 1799; the settlement was first named Cannonsburg. It was actually founded in 1811 on land donated by Capt. William Lytle, who stipulated that the town should be named for Hardee Murfree, a Revolutionary veteran of Williamson . . . — Map (db m26062) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 64 — Murfreesboro
First settlers came in 1799; the settlement was first named Cannonsburg. It was actually founded in 1811 on land donated by Capt. William Lytle, who stipulated that the town should be named for Hardee Murfree, a Revolutionary veteran of Williamson . . . — Map (db m26071) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — MurfreesboroThe Occupied City
Murfreesboro was occupied by both Union and Confederate forces during the Civil War. Union troops took control of the city on March 7, 1862, and camped at Oaklands. On July 13, 1862 Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest made his celebrated raid . . . — Map (db m90680) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Murfreesboro Confederate Soldiers Monument
(east face) In commemoration of the valor of Confederate Soldiers, who fell in the great Battle of Murfreesboro, Dec. 31, 1862, and January 2, 1863, and in minor engagements in this vicinity, this monument is erected. . . . — Map (db m69134) WM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — N. B. Forrest's Raid on Murfreesboro
“For historic drama, few events in the American Civil War can equal Nathan Bedford Forrest’s raid of July 13, 1862, on Murfreesboro, Tennessee.” –Kenneth Halfendorfer, Historian A Critical Location Throughout the Civil . . . — Map (db m82516) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — New Citizen Soldiers
In the months after this fort was built, thousands of men from Middle Tennessee joined eight new federal infantry regiments. Black men in blue coats guarded the railroad that fed Fortress Rosecrans, and helped garrison Nashville and Chattanooga. By . . . — Map (db m37867) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 92 — Oaklands
This antebellum mansion, begun about 1824 by Dr. James Maney, is located 1 1/4 miles N. on land acquired by Col. Hardy Murfree in 1789. Subsequently enlarged, it is an excellent example of architectural transition from frontier dwelling to . . . — Map (db m26135) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Oaklands MansionWatching from the Windows — Forrest's First Raid
(preface) For two weeks in July 1862, Col. Nathan Bedford Forrest led 1,400 cavalrymen through Middle Tennessee to raid, scout, and disrupt the Union Army of The Cumberland’s operation there. Leaving McMinnville on July 13, Forrest fought . . . — Map (db m82517) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Oaklands Mansion
The mansion before you, Oaklands, was the home of the Maney family from approximately 1815 to 1884. It began as a two-room brick house on property Dr. James Maney and his wife, Sally Hardy Murfree Maney, inherited from Sally’s father Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m90995) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 134 — Old Bradley Academy
Bradley Academy was founded in the early nineteeth century as a school for white males. Among the earliest students was James Knox Polk. From 1884 until the 1960s, it was an elementary and secondary school for African-Americans in Rutherford County. . . . — Map (db m76073) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — One-Room Schoolhouse
The one-room schoolhouse shows the determination of 19th century settlers to provide their children with a basic education. After a community had a building for classes, its citizens would hire a teacher with money raised by public . . . — Map (db m90672) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Parsons' Batteries Heavily Engaged1862 - December 31 - noon
The 200 Regular Army gunners of Batteries H and M set up their eight cannon from here all the way to the Nashville Pike. For four solid hours, at brutal short range they fired many hundreds of rounds of munitions into the rebel ranks. Their steady, . . . — Map (db m83573) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Parson's Battery4th U.S. Artillery Co. "H" & "M"
The most powerful federal battery on this field armed with four 3" Ordnance rifles and four 12 pdr. howitzers. This battery of battle hardened regulars poured charge after charge of canister at less than 600 yards into the oncoming grey ranks - . . . — Map (db m83569) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Passing Through Murfreesboro
In fall 1818, over 11,000 Cherokee in nine organized groups passed by here as they continued on their Trail of Tears toward Indian Territory in the West. The Cherokee had been traveling for a few weeks but had already crossed the Tennessee River and . . . — Map (db m90694) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Pioneer Brigade Earthworks
The trenches before you were built by the Pioneer Brigade of the Union Army of the Cumberland. After the fighting on the first day of the Battle of Stones River, December 31, 1862, both armies piled dirt, logs, and stone to protect themselves from . . . — Map (db m37425) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Rawlins Tractor Shed
The first steam traction engine for farm use was made in 1869 by J.I. Case Company. Throughout the 1920s and 1930s tractors gradually replaced the mules and horses in Middle Tennessee as the primary instruments for everyday farm work. Early . . . — Map (db m90664) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Redoubt BrannanFortress Rosecans — 1863 - 1866
... scattered about on the most commanding positions inside the [fortress] are four or five "redoubts" or small square forts, mounting heavy siege guns, which completely command the lunettes and also the surrounding country. These works are all . . . — Map (db m37668) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Remembering Sacrifices - in Stone
"...around the spot where the monument was erected...to the best recollection 113 of our regiment were killed and wounded...it is hoped that the monument will remain standing as a memorial to the gallant and patriotic men of General Hazen's . . . — Map (db m37394) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 165 — Rio Mill
In 1855, W.S. Huggins and Company built a four-story brick mill building on this site. It was powered by two twenty-five horsepower engines with a capacity of 200 barrels of flour per day. In 1860, William Spence bought the mill. Both the . . . — Map (db m90660) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 65 — Rutherford County / Murfreesboro
(Front): Rutherford County Established 1803; named in honor of Maj. Gen. Griffith Rutherford of the Revolutionary Army; appointed by President Washington as a Member of the Legislature for the Southwest Territory, which later became the . . . — Map (db m82569) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Rutherford County Courthouse
The Rutherford County Courthouse is one of only six remaining antebellum courthouses in the state of Tennessee. Erected between 1859 and 1861 at a cost of $50,000, the Greek Revival-style brick structure features classical columns on the east . . . — Map (db m69135) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Sheridan's Stand10 A.M. - Noon
Here, General Phil Sheridan's Union division made a stand against the onrushing Confederates. His men, together with those of General George Thomas' divisions, hurled back repeated attacks before being forced to withdraw. The delaying action gave . . . — Map (db m37460) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Slave, Soldier, Citizen
A tombstone can only tell so much about the life of a man. From the shape and standard design of the markers you see ahead, you can tell that two veterans of the United States military lie here in graves just outside of the wall of the Hazen Brigade . . . — Map (db m82570) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Stand Fast!The Pioneer Brigade — Stones River National Battlefield
On came the sounds of battle...struggling blue-coats...falling back came into view through the trees. They were loading and firing as the retired...they passed over our...line and laid down behind it. The order ‘Battalion, rise up!’ came like . . . — Map (db m69184) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Stones River
A tributary of the Stones River is named after Uriah Stone, an early explorer and long hunter. For centuries, the Stones River has played an important role in the lives of area inhabitants, first as an important fishing and hunting ground for Native . . . — Map (db m37632) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Stones River Artillery Monument
On January 2nd, 1863 at 3:00 P.M. there were stationed on this hill fifty-eight cannon commanding the field across the river, and as the Confederates advanced over this field, the shot and shell from these guns resulted in a loss of eighteen-hundred . . . — Map (db m21477) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Stones River National Battlefield
“Scene of Battlefield, December 31, 1862, as viewed from this location and sketched by A.E. Mathews, 31st Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry. — Map (db m100907) WM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Stones River National CemeteryEstablished June 23, 1865
Union dead from this battlefield and Middle Tennessee are buried here. Of the more than 6,100 Union burials, 2,562 are known but to God. Men and women who gave their lives in other wars or who have served in the Armed Forces are also buried here. . . . — Map (db m37600) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Struggle for Round ForestDecember 31, 1862 — 6 A.M.—4 P.M.
1. Confederate and Union positions just before the battle—6 A.M.—are shown by the red and blue dotted lines. 2. During the first hours of battle the right of the Union line collapsed. 3. General Rosecrans anchored a new . . . — Map (db m71662) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Tennessee Baptist Convention
Constituted April 10, 1874, in the building of the First Baptist Church, Murfreesboro, then located 200 yards east on the north side of East Main Street. The Tennessee Baptist Convention is the channel through which Southern Baptist churches in . . . — Map (db m76075) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Charge Kept Coming, Coming Like the Sea
The fields you see here witnessed a full afternoon of ferocious fighting on the first day of battle at Stones River. Federal cannon raked the Confederates charging across the open cotton fields toward the Nashville Pike. Here Union regiments that . . . — Map (db m90692) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Civil War
“The troops found Oakland a pleasant place to camp. There being plenty of room to spread out for the first time to full, regular army distances, making it the handsomest and most comfortable camp we ever had, the large trees making it shady . . . — Map (db m90683) HM WM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Confederate Circle at Evergreen
Within this circle lies the remains of over 2,000 gallant Confederate soldiers who gave their lives in the battles in and around Murfreesboro during The War Between The States 1861-1865. They were first buried on the battlefield where they died . . . — Map (db m69177) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Federals' Final Rally Turns the Tide — December 31, 1862 - Afternoon
Many of my Regiment got within 60 yards of the enemy guns, but were compelled to give back for want of support. It seemed the Commanders expected our Brigade and the Texas Brigade that fought beside us to rout the entire Federal army... at the . . . — Map (db m82573) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Fight for the CedarsDecember 31, 1862
1. The Union line was smashed by the Confederate onrush. Reserve troops rushed here to stem the tide. 2. Those Union soldiers, confused by the cedar thickets, fog and smoke, also fled. 3. Union infantry and artillery along the Nashville Pike . . . — Map (db m37464) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Founding of the County
Rutherford County was created in 1803 from parts of Davidson and Williamson counties. The county was named in honor of Griffith Rutherford, an Irish immigrant who rose to the rank of brigadier general in the Continental army during the Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m69142) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — The Maney Family
With a family fortune built upon agriculture, land speculation, slavery, medicine, textiles, and other ventures, the Maneys were heavily involved in the economic, religious, and educational development of Murfreesboro. Like many wealthy Southern . . . — Map (db m90996) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Their Longest, Coldest New Year’s Eve
There was some talk [at Rosecrans’ headquarters] of falling back, I do not remember who started the subject, but…I said …my men would be very much discouraged to have to abandon the field after their good fight of the day… Rosecrans, receiving . . . — Map (db m90693) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — They Passed This WayTrail of Tears National Historic Trail-National Trails System — Stones River National Battlefield
After the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the United States government forced tens of thousands of American Indians to leave their ancestral lands in the southeast for new homes in Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). They traveled . . . — Map (db m69123) HM WM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — This "Precious Dust"
When the Battle of Stones River ended on January 2, 1863, over 3,000 Union and Confederate soldiers lay dead. Most were buried in hastily prepared graves on the battlefield. In October 1865 soldiers from the 111th United States Colored Infantry . . . — Map (db m37601) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — This Far, But No Farther1862 December 31 – early afternoon
For six hours, the Confederates had been on the attack. Their relentless onslaught had pushed half the Union army back three miles. Tangled cedar woods and rock-filled terrain took their toll. A 1,800-man brigade of tired Tennesseans finally emerged . . . — Map (db m71665) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Toil and Mud
For nearly five months, thousands of soldiers and African-American laborers worked around the clock to build Fortress Rosecrans - digging, shaping, and compacting the works. It was backbreaking, highly unpopular duty. "Feb. 1, 1863. [Building . . . — Map (db m37847) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Tollgate
Entering Cannonsburgh you cross Town Creek by way of an early iron bridge. This is the first iron bridge ever constructed in Rutherford County and it originally crossed Stewart Creek.

From 1804 to about the time of World War I, every road . . . — Map (db m90661) HM

Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — U.S. Regulars Memorial
(Front):In Memory of the officers and enlisted men of the 15th, 16th, 18th, & 19th U.S. Infantry and Battery H, 5th U.S. Artillery, who were killed or died of wounds, received at the Battle of Stone River, Tennessee, December 31st 1862 to . . . — Map (db m37527) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Uncle Dave Macon (1870-1952)Rutherford County, Tennessee
One of Tennessee’s early country music performers was the irrepressible singer and banjo player, Uncle Dave Macon, the “Dixie Dewdrop.”

David Harrison Macon, was born in the tiny hamlet of Smartt Station in Warren County, and spent . . . — Map (db m90691) HM

Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — University House
1800s residence with dogtrot. The dogtrot, also called possum or dog run, reached its peak in the South from 1780 to 1830. Since connecting log structures is difficult, a family in need of more space would often build a second room a few feet away. . . . — Map (db m90673) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Waging War by RailFortress Rosecans
Locomotive and train arrived from Nashville today... The shrill whistle evoked hearted cheers from all quarters of our camps. It conveyed to us... that we are linked again with home and friends by an iron roadway over which may come plentiful . . . — Map (db m82588) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Wetland Plants and Animals
“Wetlands are among the most important ecosystems on Earth.” -William J. Mitsch and James Gosselink Natural resource and environmental ecologist

Bottomland Hardwood Forest The wetlands at Oaklands are characterized as . . . — Map (db m90687) HM

Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — 3A 88 — Wheeler's Raid around RosecransDec. 29, 1862
Brig. Gen. Joseph Wheeler's Cavalry Brigade bivouacked hereabouts in the evening. At midnight, it moved north on Walterhill, then west on Jefferson, on a raid around Rosecrans' advancing army. The brigade consisted of the 1st, 3rd and 51st Alabama, . . . — Map (db m82589) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Why Fight Here?
Here in the quiet fields and forests along Stones River outside Murfreesboro, two great armies fought - and spilled the blood of tens of thousands of Americans in one of the most costly battles of the Civil War. Why here? The answer is found in two . . . — Map (db m37420) HM
Tennessee (Rutherford County), Murfreesboro — Williamson Chapel
The Williams Chapel, relocated from the Northern part of Rutherford County and adapted from an early schoolhouse, is representative of a small country churches in the South. Its present appearance give insight to the evolution of the building. The . . . — Map (db m90676) HM

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