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Nancy, Kentucky Historical Markers

 
Mill Springs Battlefield image, Touch for more information
By David Graff, September 17, 1999
Mill Springs Battlefield
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "A Hard March"
On December 31, 1861, Union General George Thomas and his small army of about 3,000 men left Lebanon, Kentucky, and headed for this place, then known as Logan`s Crossroads. For his hardened troops, this 40-mile trek should have been a two or three . . . — Map (db m55025) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Battle on a Sabbath Morn" The Battle - 8:00 until 9:00 A.M.
You are standing in the center of the area where most of the Mill Springs Battle took place on Sunday morning, January 19, 1862. This illustration depicts the scene from a birds eye viewpoint above and behind you. The Union line stood to your left, . . . — Map (db m62985) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Confederate Mass Grave"
After the battle Union troops hastily buried the dead. The Confederate dead were interred in shallow mass graves near where they fell on battle. Some of these graves were so shallow that the bodies in them began surfacing within 48 hours of burial. . . . — Map (db m81905) HM WM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "Poor Charlie"
The Battle - Confederate Retreat During the battle a small one room log cabin stood here (the foundation stones are still visible). Retreating Federal pickets made a brief but desperate stand in and around this cabin at the beginning of . . . — Map (db m86151) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — "The Zollie Tree"
Forgotten Men In the years after the Battle of Mill Springs, the white oak tree that General Felix Zollicoffer's body had been placed under became known as the Zollie Tree. While the tree became a local gathering spot, no effort was made . . . — Map (db m70008) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — A Hard March Mill Springs Battlefield
In November 1861, the Confederate army commanded by General Felix Zollicoffer arrived in Mill Springs, Kentucky, on the south side of the Cumberland River. A month later, Zollicoffer had moved 6,000 men to the north side of Cumberland and . . . — Map (db m88447) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . — Map (db m88451) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Archaeology and the Mill Springs Battlefield
For several years the Mill Springs Battlefield Association, with the help of professional archeologists, has located and mapped artifacts on the battlefield. The type of artifact, their placement, and density is used to determine the units present . . . — Map (db m63059) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Balie Peyton, Jr. (1833-1862)
Lieutenant Balie Peyton, Jr. All battles have their stories of heroism and devotion to duty. All battles have the tragic death of those too young. The story of Balie Peyton, Jr., at Mill Springs is one of those stories. Peyton's story lifts the . . . — Map (db m63039) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Artillery Rutledge's Tennessee Light Artillery Battery
Captain Arthur M. Rutledge's Tennessee Light Artillery Battery was organized in Davidson County, Tennessee. Rutledge was a West Point graduate who went on to become the Chief of Ordnance in Polk's Army of Mississippi. Rutledge's Tennessee Light . . . — Map (db m63121) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — 863 — Confederate Defense Line
(Front Side) Confederate Defense Line Late in 1861, Confederates sought to prevent Union forces from occupying strategic points in Kentucky and Tennessee, to maintain rail shipments of vital Confederate supplies from Virginia . . . — Map (db m88448) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Field Hospital Battle of Mill Springs
This is the site of the Confederate Hospital used by Confederate surgeons after the Battle of Mill Springs. The site is being preserved with the help of a Federal grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund, administered by the National Park . . . — Map (db m55459) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Confederate Retreat
"Every one for himself was the motto." Much of the Confederate Army retreated through this area. They headed south along the Mill Springs Road toward their camps and fortifications just this side of the Cumberland River. Mississippi . . . — Map (db m63098) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — 1920 — Felix K. Zollicoffer, "Zollie Tree"
Felix K. Zollicoffer: Brig. Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, CSA, died here, Jan. 19, 1862, in Battle of Logan's Crossroads (Mill Springs). This Tenn. native was veteran of Seminole War, editor of Nashville Banner, and 3-term U.S. congressman. In heavy . . . — Map (db m55189) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Fix Bayonets - Charge! The Battle - Mid-Morning
"If it gets too hot for you, shut your eyes my boys - forward!" - Major Gustave Kammerling, 9th Ohio (photo inset) Union Colonel Robert McCook, commanding the Union 3rd Brigade ordered one of the few successful bayonet charges of the Civil . . . — Map (db m62973) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer
On this spot fell Gen'l Felix K. Zollicoffer of Tennessee, Jan. 19, 1862. Lieuts. Bailie Peyton Jr., H.M.R. Fogs and more than 150 of their Confederate associates in the Battle of Fishing Creek, here died with Gen'l Zollicoffer for right as they saw . . . — Map (db m43876) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — George Henry Thomas The Rock of Chickamauga, the Sledge of Nashville
Note: this marker is weathered and partly illegible. Some words are inferred and others are indecipherable. George Henry Thomas was born in Southampton County, Virginia, July 31, 1815. At the age sixteen he was forced to flee his home along . . . — Map (db m62970) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Mill Springs National Cemetery
Battle of Mill Springs Confederate forces established a defense line across southern Kentucky in fall 1861. Union and Confederate armies fought small-scale actions in the area, but the Battle of Mill Springs was the first major . . . — Map (db m88450) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Mistaken Identity - A Deadly Error
About 7 A.M. Confederate General Felix Zollicoffer rode forward to reconnoiter. Near this spot, in the dim light and fog, he saw a mounted officer, Union Colonel Speed Fry of the 4th Kentucky U.S. Volunteers. Both men mistakenly assumed the other to . . . — Map (db m62934) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Blacksmith Shop A Haven for the Wounded
A small building that housed a blacksmith shop stood in this area at the time of the Battle of Mill Springs. According to local tradition, the blacksmith who worked there mined shale, low grade coal, from the ground near his shop. There are several . . . — Map (db m63097) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Dawn of Battle The Battle — 6:00 A.M.
Shortly before daylight about 6:00 A.M., the struggling Confederate column encountered Union pickets at Timmy's branch one and one half miles south of here and exchanged the first shots of the battle. Alerted by the gunfire, the Union camps (a mile . . . — Map (db m70012) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Ravine
Colonel Speed Fry (photo inset) For much of the battle the Union defense line was behind a rail fence at the top of the hill. Colonel Speed Fry of the Union 4th Kentucky said that his men there came "under a galling fire from the enemy, who . . . — Map (db m63068) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Advance "The enemy gave way ... like chaff before the wind."
The commander of the 10th Indiana Volunteer Infantry wrote, "The way by which the enemy had retreated gave evidence that they had been in haste to reach their den. Wagons, cannon, muskets, swords, blankets, etc. were strewn all along the road . . . — Map (db m63186) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — The Union Line at the Fence Union soldiers choose their ground
After the initial contact between the Union and Confederate forces in the foggy half light of the winter morning, Colonel Speed Fry, commanding the 4th Kentucky Infantry (US), pulled his men back to a rail fence on a hill east of the Mill Springs . . . — Map (db m62999) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Timmy's Branch Union Cavalry Picket Line Battle of Mill Springs
Clearly visible in front of you is the roadbed of the original Mill Springs Road. Feel free to walk the old road to the creek, where you can see the original crossing. Near the creek, between the present road and the original road, is one of the few . . . — Map (db m55464) HM
Kentucky (Pulaski County), Nancy — Turpin/Simpson Properties Last Stand Hill Battle of Mill Springs
These properties make up the site on which the Confederate Army attacked and retreated during the Battle of Mill Springs. These sites are being preserved with the help of a Federal grant from the Land and Water Conservation Fund administered by the . . . — Map (db m55781) HM
Kentucky (Wayne County), Nancy — Fortifications at Beech Grove
"Their fort was admirable situated on a high piece of ground three-quarters of a mile from the Cumberland River, surrounded with a breastwork and rifle pits, with embrasures for cannon and as strong a position as could be found." — . . . — Map (db m69982) HM
Kentucky (Wayne County), Nancy — Moulden's Hill Union Artillery Position Battle of Mill Springs
The Battle - Evening January 19, 1862 The Federal forces pursuing the beaten Confederates halted here near a small log school. This school building had been used by the Confederates as a headquarters for their pickets during their occupation of . . . — Map (db m55629) HM
Kentucky (Wayne County), Nancy — Noble Ellis - Sternwheeler that Saved an Army Ferry Landing Battle of Mill Springs
Night of January 10-20, 1862 Confederate General Zollicoffer's pleas for more men and supplies to meet the strong Union force he expected went mostly unheeded. General Albert Sidney Johnston did, however, send a river steamer, the Noble . . . — Map (db m55880) HM
Kentucky (Wayne County), Nancy — Winter Quarters
By late December, General Felix Zollicoffer had decided to winter his command at Beech Grove. "The time has come," he wrote, "when huts must be constructed to protect the forces of the Brigade against inclement weather. Commanding officer . . . — Map (db m69970) HM
Kentucky (Wayne County), Nancy — Zollie's Den Beech Grove Confederate Camp Battle of Mill Springs
"The position ... is a fine basis for operations in front." - Felix K. Zollicoffer Inset photo on left of Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer In November 1861 Gen. Felix Zollicoffer sent engineer officers Capt. Thomas Estill and Capt. Victor Von . . . — Map (db m55778) HM

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