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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Navy Yard, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
Uss Puritan image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller, January 29, 2012
Uss Puritan
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — "4-in. 40 caliber rifles"
These two guns, originally known as breech-loading rifles, are trained in a southerly direction, to either side of the flagpole. Gun on East side, registry no. 21, manufactured in 1896 here at the Navy Yard mounted on USS PURITAN (Monitor #1, . . . — Map (db m52098) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1607 — John Smith
The first permanent English colonists come to the New World in three small ships; the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery. After settling at what is now Jamestown, Virginia Captain Smith becomes their leader. John . . . — Map (db m112727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1631 — Transportation Walk
America's first ferry-man Edward Converse is paid one or two pence a person, six pence per pig and extra monies to run the ferry at night across the Charles River between Boston and Charlestown. The Ferry Boat, Fanny Palmer. The Old . . . — Map (db m112728) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 16-inch Projectiles
These projectiles were fired from the largest guns used by the U.S. Navy, specifically the 16-inch/50 caliber guns on the Iowa-class battleships. These ships were the USS Iowa (BB61), USS New Jersey (BB62), USS Missouri (BB63), and USS Wisconsin . . . — Map (db m32618) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1775 — Transportation Walk
America's First Submarine, the Turtle, is built by David Bushnell to break the British blockade of New York. The driver uses a hand driven propeller to move it beneath its target. Lt. Francis Barber's 1875 drawing of the . . . — Map (db m112730) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1775 — Transportation Walk
Daniel Boone follows the Warriors' Path and blazes the Wilderness Road through the Cumberland Gap. From 1775 to 1810, over 200,000 settlers move west through the Gap. Daniel Boone Escorting Settlers through the Cumberland Gap, George . . . — Map (db m112731) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1786 — Elias Hasket Derby
The first American trading ship arrives at the port of Canton, China. Following the American Revolution, merchant Elias Derby's ships make 45 voyages to new markets in the East Indies and China. Elias Hasket Derby, James Frothingham, . . . — Map (db m112729) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1804-1806 — Meriwether Lewis, William Clark
Lewis, Clark and the Corps of Discovery seek the "shortest and most convenient route to the Pacific." Their versatile 55 foot keelboat can be rowed, poled, sailed or pulled up the Missouri River and carry 10 tons of supplies. William . . . — Map (db m112732) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1804-1806 — Sacagawea
A Shoshone Indian woman, Sacagawea, accompanies Lewis and Clark as an interpreter and enables the expedition to purchase horses. Clark calls her his "pilot" through the Rockies. The Trapper's Bride (detail), Alfred Jacob Miller, . . . — Map (db m112733) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1806 — Thomas Jefferson
Better roads link the nation and enable people and goods to move inland. In 1806, Thomas Jefferson signs the law authorizing the construction of the first federal highway, the National Road. Thomas Jefferson, Charles Willson Peat, . . . — Map (db m112734) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1817 — Transportation Walk
Captain Henry M. Shreve designs a shallow hull and high-pressure engine so steamboats can navigate upriver to Western Waters. His Washington makes the round trip between Louisville and New Orleans in 41 days. Follow the transportation . . . — Map (db m112741) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1825 — DeWitt Clinton
The 363-mile Erie Canal, promoted by New York governor Clinton, opens. Settlers move west and the cost to move goods east decreases 90%. New York becomes the busiest port in America. DeWitt Clinton. John Wesley Jarvis, ca. 1820. The . . . — Map (db m112743) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1827 — Transportation Walk
New York City's first public transportation route operates the 12-seat stagecoach Accommodation. By 1832, horses pull metal-wheel street railway cars on metal tracks. Follow the transportation exhibition surrounding the Department of . . . — Map (db m112744) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1830 — John B. Jervis
Chief engineer Jervis designs the steam engine Experiment for the Mohawk & Hudson Railroad. The first free-swinging four-wheel front truck becomes the standard American design and enables speeds of 80 miles per hour. John . . . — Map (db m112739) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1830 — Transportation Walk
Peter Cooper races his steam locomotive Tom Thumb against the horse-drawn B&O Railroad. within a year, the B&O is an all-steam railroad. 20th century reconstruction of the Tom Thumb. From the collections of the B&O Railroad . . . — Map (db m112742) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1830/1899
1830 There are 23 miles of railroad tracks in the United States. 1899 There are 186,000 miles of railroad tracks in the United States. — Map (db m112750) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1833 — Joseph Walker
Trappers gain early knowledge of routes through the West. After years in the mountains, Walker leads the first party overland to the Great Salt Lake and then the Yosemite Valley. Captain Joseph Reddeford Walker. Alfred Jacob Miller. . . . — Map (db m112745) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1837 — Transportation Walk
John Ericsson's steam driven screw propeller is more efficient than the paddle wheel and is still used today. In 1862 he applies this and other improvements to his design of the ironclad Monitor. Follow the transportation exhibition . . . — Map (db m112748) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1840-1950
Enslaved and free African-Americans were the primary railroad builders in the South before and after the Civil War. For generations, railroad companies employed more African-Americans than any other industry in the U.S. Theodore Kornweible . . . — Map (db m112740) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1859
The Nationals Baseball Club of Washington, D.C. is founded by a group, including government clerks, only 13 years after the first rules of the game were established. — Map (db m114053) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1860 — Johnny Fry
For 19 months, until the telegraph replaced it, the Pony Express provides the fastest mail service to California. Fry rides the first leg in and out of St. Joseph, Missouri. The mail reaches Sacramento in 10 days. Johnny Fry. The St. . . . — Map (db m112747) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1865-1869
Chinese were hired to do the dangerous work of blasting and laying ties over the treacherous High Sierras. Comprising nearly 80% of Central Pacific's workforce, their contributions made possible the Transcontinental Railroad. Chinese . . . — Map (db m112738) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1869 — Theodore Judah
Theodore Judah's lobbying and surveying efforts are rewarded when the Union Pacific and Central Pacific railroads are joined at Promontory Summit, Utah Territory. Theodore Judah, California State Railroad Museum Library. Opening Day . . . — Map (db m112749) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1873 — Transportation Walk
At 4 in the morning, Andrew Smith Hallidie successfully tests the cable car in San Francisco, the first to be put in regular service. Moving cables pull the cars up and down steep hills. California Street Terminal, 1875. Roy D. Graves . . . — Map (db m112753) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1886 — Transportation Walk
The first successful electric trolley is established in Montgomery, Alabama. Rapidly adopted, trolleys enable the upper middle class to move to the suburbs. Today, some American cities are choosing fast, clean and commercial light rail systems. . . . — Map (db m112751) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1891 — Transportation Walk
Many inventors apply their skills to horseless carriages. John Lamberi produces America's first gasoline powered car. Only later will cars be mass-produced. — Map (db m112755) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1895 — J. Frank Duryea
J. Frank Duryea wins the first auto race in America. He and his brother found the first company in America to sell gas-powered cars. J. Frank Duryea. Detroit Public Library, National Automotive History Collection. Winner of the first . . . — Map (db m112752) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1897 — 25th Infantry Bicycle Corps
Twenty African-American soldiers cycle 1,400 miles from Ft. Missoula, Montana to St. Louis, Missouri in 40 days to test the new "safety" bicycle as a transportation alternative to the horse. Unidentified Soldier, 25th Infantry Bicycle . . . — Map (db m112754) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1898 — John Holland
Holland launches the first practical submarine. Purchased by the Navy in 1900 as the USS Holland (SS-1), it uses a gasoline engine on the surface and is battery-powered under water. John P. Holland, Naval. Historic Center NH . . . — Map (db m112756) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1900/1920
1900 Americans own 8,000 cars but there are only 10 miles of concrete paved roads. 1920 Americans own 8 million cars. Roughly 10% or 369,000 miles of roads are surfaced — Map (db m112771) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1901 — Transportation Walk
Oscar Hedstrom designs the first American-made motorcycle the Indian for the Hendee Manufacturing Co. Follow the transportation exhibition surrounding the Department of Transportation Headquarters — Map (db m112758) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1903 — Orville Wright, Wilbur Wright
Wilbur becomes interested in mechanical flight in 1896. After experimenting with gliders, he and Orville develop and patent principles of airplane control that are still used today. Orville Wright, age 34,about 1905. Library of . . . — Map (db m112759) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1903 — Transportation Walk
Orville Wright pilots the first powered flight, lasting 12 seconds. The heavier-than-air plane takes off from the ground, flies 120 feet, and reaches an altitude of 10 feet. He and his brother Wilbur each make two flights that day. . . . — Map (db m112760) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1908 — Elmer Sperry
Sperry develops a gyrostabilizer then gyrocompass, then the gyroscopic-guided automatic pilot, which keeps ships, airplanes, and now spacecraft on course. Elmer Ambrose Sperry, c. 1925. Hagley Museum and Library. 1908 Gyrostabilizer . . . — Map (db m112761) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1910
President William Howard Taft becomes the first President to throw out the "ceremonial" first pitch to a major league game in Washington, D.C. — Map (db m114052) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1911 — Charles Kettering
Kettering perfects a workable electric starter at his lab in Dayton. First installed in 1912 Cadillacs, it means the end of difficult and dangerous hand cranking; and enables more women to drive. Charles Kettering (detail), 1916. . . . — Map (db m112768) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1911 — Harriet Quimby
Journalist Quimby becomes the first American woman to receive a pilot's license, and also the first woman to make a nighttime flight and fly the English Channel. Harriet Quimby in her purple silk flight suit. Library of Congress, . . . — Map (db m112770) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1913 — Transportation Walk
While Mercedes have been made since 1908, Ford initiates mass production of cars the Model T rolls off the new assembly line. The line's efficiency will make cars affordable to working people. Follow the Transportation Exhibition . . . — Map (db m131715) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1919 — Transportation Walk
Alexander Graham Bell and Casey Baldwin experiment on a boat that runs above water on wing-like structures called hydrofoils. Model HD-4 sets a water speed record of 70 mph. The HD-4. Parks Canada/Alexander Graham Bell National . . . — Map (db m112769) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1922 — Transportation Walk
William and Frank Fageol manufacture the Safety Coach, the first purpose-built bus, for inter-city travel. In 1927, their Twin Coach, the first dual-motored streetcar type urban transit bus, uses the whole length to carry passengers. . . . — Map (db m112773) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1923 — Garrett Morgan
Morgan is granted the first US patent for a traffic signal to regulate vehicles and pedestrians in urban areas. The inexpensive, manually operated devise is used throughout North America. Garett Morgan (detail). The Western Reserve . . . — Map (db m112772) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1924
The Washington Senators defeat the New York Giants to win the World Series for the first and only time in the history of the franchise. — Map (db m114051) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1925 — Transportation Walk
When planes are unable to fly, dogs still get through. Twenty dog drivers participate in the Serum Run, a relay which brings diphtheria serum to affected Alaskan villages. US Mail Team en Route to Nome. Glenbow Archives NC . . . — Map (db m112776) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1926 — Robert Goddard
Among his many firsts, pioneer of space flight Robert Goddard constructs and launches the first liquid fuel rocket. Robert Goddard, 1946. National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution (SI A-267-B). Robert Goddard and his . . . — Map (db m112774) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1927 — Charles Lindbergh
Lindbergh makes the first non-stop, solo transatlantic flight. It takes 33 hours and 30 minutes in the specially built Spirit of St. Louis. He wins the $25,000 Orteig prize. Charles A. Lindbergh, 1927. Minnesota Historical . . . — Map (db m112775) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1932 — Amelia Earhart
On the fifth anniversary of Lindbergh's flight, Earhart becomes the first woman and second person to make the solo flight across the Atlantic. Her Vega lands in Ireland after 14 hours 50 minutes. Amelia Earhart, Purdue University . . . — Map (db m112777) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1932 — Transportation Walk
[unreadable] Eckengest longest designs a [unreadable] length limitations [unreadable] Follow the Transportation Exhibition surrounding the Department of Transportation HeadquartersMap (db m131717) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1937 — A. Phillip Randolph
Pullman porters make the trip comfortable for long distance train travelers. Randolph organizes the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters in 1925 and wins its first major contract with the Pullman Company in 1937. A. Philip Randolph. . . . — Map (db m112943) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1937
Washington hosts its first Major League All Star Game. The city would also host All Star Games in 1956, 1962, and 1969. — Map (db m114050) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1947 — Chuck Yeager
Test pilot Capt. Chuck Yeager flies the Bell X-1 jet Glamorous Glennis at Mach 1.06, the first time a plane exceeds the speed of sound. — Map (db m131690) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1948
The Homestead Grays win the last of 9 Negro National League Titles during their heyday in Washington, D.C. — Map (db m114049) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1956 — Transportation Walk
The first containerized shipment travels from Newark, New Jersey to Houston, Texas. Loading full trailer bodies onto ships rather than loading and unloading the cargo revolutionizes shipping. Container ship Hawaiian Enterprise . . . — Map (db m112716) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1956 — Dwight Eisenhower
President Eisenhower signs bills authorizing the National System of Interstate and Defense Highways. 42,500 miles of new high-speed limited access highways create a nationwide transportation network. — Map (db m113623) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1958 — Transportation Walk
The Boeing 707 enters commercial service and an era of increased passenger travel begins. It is the first jet aircraft to provide commercial service carrying over 180 passengers Follow the transportation exhibition surrounding the Department of . . . — Map (db m112717) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1960/2000
1960 Americans own over 61 million cars. There are 1,230,000 miles of paved roads. 2000 More than 130 million cars are registered. There are over 2,500,000 miles of paved roads. — Map (db m113624) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1961
The original Senators move to Minneapolis to become the Twins, and Washington, D.C. is granted an expansion team. In 1962, the new Senators begin play at D.C. Stadium. — Map (db m114048) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1962 — John Glenn, Jr.
John Glenn. Jr. makes three orbits of earth during America's first manned orbit of space flight in the Mercury Atlas 6 Friendship. — Map (db m113621) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1966 — Transportation Walk
Pan Am's Juan Trippe works with Boeing to develop the wide-body 747. Jumbo jets like the 747 can carry up to 490 passengers and reduce the cost of long distance travel. Passengers boarding a 747 in 1969. Photo courtesy of Edwin T. . . . — Map (db m112720) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1969 — Transportation Walk
Neil Armstrong commands the Apollo 11 and becomes the first man to land a craft and walk on the moon. Follow the transportation exhibition surrounding the Department of Transportation Headquarters — Map (db m112721) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1970/2000
1970 Airlines carry 172 million passengers in the United States. 2000 Airlines carry almost 615 million passengers in the United States. — Map (db m113622) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1971
The final game in Washington ends in a forfeit win for the Yankees when fans storm the field. For over three decades the Nation's Capital is without a major league team. — Map (db m114047) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1972-1978 — Ivan Getting, Bradford Parkinson
Getting and Parkinson devise the Global Positioning System. It uses satellite signals, control stations and GPS receivers to pinpoint location in consumer cars and boats as well as commercial and military craft. Ivan Getting, Bradford . . . — Map (db m113619) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1977 — Paul MacCready
His 70 pound Gossamer Condor, powered by cyclist Bryan Allen maneuvers a figure eight on a closed course and stays aloft for 7 minutes, 2.7 seconds, winning the $95,000 Kremer Prize. — Map (db m113620) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1983 — Sally Ride
Dr. Ride, the first American woman in space, takes part in the 7th Space Shuttle mission. The reusable spacecraft carry out 113 missions between 1983 and 2003. Astronaut Sally Ride, 1984. NASA Johnson Space Center. Sally Ride . . . — Map (db m113618) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 2003 — Transportation Walk
Dean Kamen introduces the battery operated self-balancing Segway Human Transporter. It carries people and small cargo 12 mph over a veriety of terrains. Follow the transportation exhibition surrounding the Department of Transportation . . . — Map (db m112724) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 2004 — Burt Rutan, Michael W. Melvill, Brian Binnie
The SpaceShipOne rocket and glider reaches a record altitude of 368,000 feet. Its second flight in two weeks wins it the $10 million Ansari X-Prize offered to inspire private development of manned space flight. The Space . . . — Map (db m113617) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 2005
Baseball returns to Washington, D.C. after a 33-year absence as the new Washington Nationals franchise hosts the Arizona Diamondbacks in their home opener on April 14th. — Map (db m114046) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — A Walk on the Canal
You are standing on the site of the Washington City Canal. From 1815 to about 1880, the three blocks of Canal Park were part of an innovative, man-made waterways linking the Potomac River to the Eastern Branch of the Anacostia River. In . . . — Map (db m113630) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — An Anacostia River That's Clean Doesn't Have to be a Dream
When litter's on the ground, and the rain falls down, it ends up in the Anacostia River. So when you take your last drag, or you just have a bag, please do your part and don't litter. Earth Conservation Corps • Youth development through . . . — Map (db m114117) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — April 1, 1967 — Transportation Walk
"In a nation that spans a continent, transportation is a web of union."—Lyndon B. Johnson on the new Department of Transportation begins operations. It oversees how transportation affects safety, property, economic growth, trade, the . . . — Map (db m112719) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Arch Bridge — Transportation Walk
One of the strongest bridge types, the arch bridge was used extensively by the Romans. The arch carries the weight of the roadway and vehicular traffic to supports at each end. Bayonne Bridge, Library of Congress, HAER, NJ, 9-BAYO, . . . — Map (db m113615) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Cable Stayed Bridge — Transportation Walk
The cables connect structure supporting the roadway and traffic to the tower, stiffening or staying the bridge and enabling the tower to carry the required load. Bob Graham Sunshine Skyway Bridge. ©FIGG Engineering . . . — Map (db m113616) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Cantilever Bridge — Transportation Walk
Cantilever bridges carry heavy loads. The structure is built out symmetrically from each pier. The landward side is anchored and the other side may support an intermediate truss or be joined to the next cantilever. Snake River Bridge, . . . — Map (db m112781) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Clean Rivers Project — Water Is Life
Recycling Rain Rain is good for rivers, right? Not always. When heavy rains overwhelm storm drains, rainwater mixes with sewage, and the heavily polluted result—called Combined Sewer Overflows (CSOs)—winds up in Rock Creek,, the . . . — Map (db m114113) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Covered Wagon Wheels — Transportation Walk
From the 1840s to the 1860s, settlers and gold rushers walk overland trails 15 to 20 miles a day beside covered ox-drawn wagons carrying up to 2500 lbs. of household goods and supplies. Emigrants Crossing the Plains (detail). Henry . . . — Map (db m113612) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Crane Runway
The ability to move large machinery was essential to assembly and manufacturing at the Naval Gun Factory, and crane systems were both inside buildings and across outdoor spaces of the yard to coordinate numerous manufacturing efforts. They . . . — Map (db m113797) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Dudley Knox Center for Naval History — Dudley Wright Knox, Commodore, USN — 1877-1960
Dudley W. Knox, an 1896 graduate of the Naval Academy, had numerous tours afloat during the first twenty-five years of his career, including service in the first of the Navy's destroyers. He later played an important role in developing tactics and . . . — Map (db m52235) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Expanding Gate Valve
Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration To advance the safe transportation of energy and other hazardous materials Expanding Gate Valve Utilized on a filter skid in a liquid petroleum gas system in Texas City, Texas from . . . — Map (db m112726) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Foundry
The Foundry was critical to the mission of the National Gun Factory and consisted of the Steel Foundry, Brass Foundry, Brass Casting Cleaning Shop, and Smelting Plant. Constructed in 1913, the Steel Foundry was the largest of the structures and . . . — Map (db m113792) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Four Bicycles and a Three-Wheeler
Marked, designated bike lanes on streets in most major cities, in suburbs and towns, are a response to increased cycling for fun, fitness and convenient, fuel-saving commuting. Cyclist in bike lane sharing traffic, San Francisco. . . . — Map (db m112722) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Frank Oliver Howard — "Hondo"
Frank Howard played for the Washington Senators from 1965 through 1971. One of the most physically intimidating hitters in baseball history Howard was named the National League Rookie of the Year in 1960. He led the American League in home runs . . . — Map (db m114056) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Frank W. Crilley Building — Frank W. Crilley, Ensign, U.S. Navy, 1888-1947
Frank W. Crilley was born in Trenton, New Jersey on September 13, 1888. Following enlistment in the Navy in March, 1900 he became a gunner's mate and received additional training as a diver. In 1915 he made dives to over 300 feet during salvage . . . — Map (db m10679) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Functioning as a Union Stronghold — Defense — Behind These Walls
At the start of the Civil War, the Commandant of the Navy Yard mobilized all of the available forces—about 350 Marines, sailors, and volunteers—and hastily established key locations to protect the nation's capital. Additional Union . . . — Map (db m126453) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Functioning as the Nation's First Proving Ground — Firepower — Behind These Walls
During the Civil War, the Navy established its first "Experimental Battery" here, testing cannons by firing down the Anacostia River. Ballistic test pits also were created here to determine how best to defeat Confederate ironclads. The Navy's . . . — Map (db m126459) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Functioning as the Navy's First Research and Development Center — Innovation — Behind These Walls
The Navy has a treasured aeronautical history. Important early activities included the first shipboard catapult test in 1912, the establishment of the world's largest wind tunnel by the Navy's Aerodynamics Laboratory, and the large wooden scale . . . — Map (db m126458) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Historic Pumping Station — Water Is Life
More Than a Century of Service You're standing before water pumping history— DC Water's Main Pumping Station. This beautiful and distinctive building was built in 1905 in the Beaux Arts style, like Union Station and the Corcoran . . . — Map (db m114112) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Joshua (Josh) Gibson
Josh Gibson is considered one of the greatest power hitters in the history of baseball. The powerful catcher led the Washington Homestead Grays to eight of nine Negro National titles from 1937 through 1945. Gibson utilized a powerful swing, and . . . — Map (db m114055) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Landing Gear and Wheels
Many people fly for the first time after the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 results in lower fares and the growth of commuter airlines offering new routes through a hub-and-spoke system. Delta hub Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky . . . — Map (db m112725) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Leutze Park - Marine Corps Historical Center
Leutze Park This park is named for Rear Admiral Eugene H. Leutze, who was Commandant of the Yard from 1905 to 1910. The park is used as a parade ground and for formal affairs as the Ceremonial Quarterdeck of the Navy. Surrounding the park is a . . . — Map (db m55429) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — No 8 — Leutze Park Gun Collection — Historic Precinct Walking Tour
Captured naval guns representing battle trophies of conflicts from the Barbary War to Spanish American War parallel the Dahlgren Avenue axis of the Navy Yard in Leutze Park. These guns are smooth bore muzzle loaders of eighteenth and nineteenth . . . — Map (db m10138) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Lumber Shed - Form and Function
The Lumber Storage Shed, constructed in 1918-1919 in the wake of World War I, is one of the last surviving service facilities at the Navy Yard. Originally composed of two open-air concrete structures set parallel to each other, the separate . . . — Map (db m113791) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Lumber Shed - Movement of Materials
A segment of the Navy Yard's marine rail system bisected the Lumber Storage Shed buildings. These tracks facilitated the movement of the newly cut lumber from the ships at the waterfront, to the shed for drying, and finally to the adjacent Pattern . . . — Map (db m113795) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Marine Railway - Experimental Model Basin
Marine Railway In 1822 Commodore John Rogers designed and built the first marine railway in the United States. The purpose of the railway was to haul ships out of the water for repair or preservation of their hull. Before this time, ships . . . — Map (db m10799) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Mildred Belle
Mildred Belle is an authentic Chesapeake Bay "buy boat" operated by Living Classrooms Foundation. Buy boats are an important part of. the Bay economy. They serve as "middlemen" on the bay, purchasing fish, crabs, and oysters directly from the . . . — Map (db m114111) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — National Museum of the U.S. Navy — Washington Navy Yard — Formerly: the Naval Gun Factory's 'Breech Mechanism & Gun Shop'
lower panel, above doorway National Museum of the United States Navy upper panel Breech Mechanism & Gun Shop Extended 297 Feet, 1899 Rear Admiral Charles O’Neil, Chief of Bureau of Ordnance Comdr. E. C. Pendleton, U.S.N., . . . — Map (db m89340) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Naval Historical Foundation
Chartered in the District of Columbia in 1926, the primary objectives of the Naval Historical Foundation are to collect and preserve private documents, papers and artifacts of naval historical significance and to make them readily available for . . . — Map (db m52251) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Navy Department Library
The Navy Department Library was established by President Adams on 31 March 1800. On that date he wrote to the first Secretary of the Navy, Benjamin Stoddart, requesting the gathering “… of all the best writing in Dutch, Spanish, French, . . . — Map (db m51068) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Navy Gun Car — Mounting 14" - 50 Caliber Naval Gun
One of the United States Naval Railway Batteries Designed, constructed and shipped abroad by the Bureau of Ordnance, Navy Department Placed in operation in France and Manned by naval personnel Under the command of Rear Admiral C.P. Plunkett, U.S.N. . . . — Map (db m10162) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — One of DC's Oldest Neighborhoods
In 1815 the Washington City Canal, linking the Anacostia River to the Potomac via downtown Washington, was completed. The canal attracted businesses where it met the Anacostia River. Among the first was the eight-story sugar refinery of merchant . . . — Map (db m113629) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Optical Tower - Second Officers House
Optical Tower Rising behind the First Officer's Quarters is the Optical Tower built in 1918-19 to calibrate optical equipment, particularly range finding instruments, made in the Yard. From the tower, sightings were taken on the United States . . . — Map (db m10140) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Play — Water Is Life
Park It Here The great outdoors is getting even better thanks to the Anacostia Waterfront Initiative. Existing parks have been cleaned up and improved, and new parks have been added to give residents and visitors a buffet of recreational . . . — Map (db m114114) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Protecting the River's Watershed — Anacostia River — Behind These Walls
The Anacostia River has flooded the Navy Yard many times, with the worst flooding in 1936, 1937, 1942, and 1996. The flooding curtailed operations, inundating buildings closest to the river, and covered ground floors with 12 to 18 inches of water. . . . — Map (db m130978) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Protecting Undersea Rescue and Salvage Techniques — Diving — Behind These Walls
In 1927, the U.S. Navy established an experimental dive school at the Navy Yard. The school centralized training, allowing the consolidation of dive-related and submarine-escape research efforts—including the development of the Momsen Lung . . . — Map (db m130977) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Providing Neighborhood Enrichment — Community — Behind These Walls
For much of its history, the Washington Navy Yard was the life of the party, holding local community and neighborhood events such as WWI and WWII Navy Day diving demonstrations. Divers wearing cumbersome 190-pound deep-sea diving suits recovered . . . — Map (db m126461) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Radio Towers
Since its earliest development, radio communication has been critical to the operations of the United States Navy. Powerful radio towers on shore transmitted coded messages to Navy ships, where trained radio operators and de-coders managed the . . . — Map (db m113793) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Railroad Freight Car Truck and Tracks
In 1831, American inventor John Stevens is the first to use wooden ties and develops the easily fastened T-shaped rail still used today. Union Pacific Railroad train using Atchison, Topeka and Sante Fe Railroad tracks. Jack Delano, . . . — Map (db m112746) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Receiving Honored Servicemembers and Dignitaries — Honor — Behind These Walls
Famous and fallen leaders have arrived at the Navy Yard including the body of James Smithson, benefactor of the Smithsonian Institution in 1904. In 1921, the Unknown Soldier from WWI was brought here before burial at Arlington National Cemetery. A . . . — Map (db m126457) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Restore and Connect — Water Is Life
Uniting a City by Revitalizing a River For thousands of years, rivers have been the engines that fueled the world's greatest cities. But for decades, Washington's Anacostia River had been a symbol of pollution and division. Then in 2000, an . . . — Map (db m114116) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Saint Paul African Union Methodist Protestant (AUMP) Church — African American Heritage Trail, Washington, DC — 401 I Street SE
The St. Paul African Union Methodist Protestant (AUMP) Church is the first and only church in Washington, DC that evolved from what is considered the oldest incorporated, independent African American denomination in the country. The AUMP Church, . . . — Map (db m113632) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — No 5 — Second Officer's House
The Second Officer's House or Quarters B is believed to contain elements of an existing eighteenth century farmhouse. Erected as a simple two and one-half story Federal style brick house late in 1801, the Second Officer's House may have incorporated . . . — Map (db m10136) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Serving as a Temporary Federal Prison — Safety — Behind These Walls
The body of John Wilkes Booth, assassin of President Abraham Lincoln, was brought to the Navy Yard for examination and identification aboard the USS Montauk. With the exception of Mary Surratt, the Lincoln conspirators (including Lewis Payne, . . . — Map (db m126460) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Serving as an Arsenal and Gun Factory — Industry — Behind These Walls
The first large gun foundry was erected during the Civil War at the Navy Yard. In 1886, the Navy Yard was designated the manufacturing center for all Navy ordnance. By World War II, the Yard was the largest naval ordnance in the world. In December . . . — Map (db m126454) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Serving as the City's Diplomatic Gateway — Diplomacy — Behind These Walls
Before air travel, the Navy Yard was the ceremonial gateway to the nation's capital. In 1860, the first Japanese diplomatic mission was welcomed to the United States in an impressive pageant here. Great Britain's George VI and Queen Elizabeth (shown . . . — Map (db m126456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Ship's Propeller, Airplane Propeller, Truck Wheel — Transportation Walk
Ship's Propeller The helical blades of the ship's propeller force water backward. The reaction drives the ship forward. Additional drive is provided by the suction created on the forward face of the screw blades. Propeler and . . . — Map (db m112922) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Ships' Wheels — Transportation Walk
. . . — Map (db m113747) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Single Bit Bollard
Completed under the direction of George W. Goethals, the 51-mile Panama Canal opens to shipping in 1914 and shortens the voyage from New York to San Francisco by 7,873 miles. Mariflores Locks, Panama Canal, ca. 197. National Archives . . . — Map (db m112762) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Suspension Bridge — Transportation Walk
Suspension bridges span the widest openings. Cables stretched over high towers conduct the weight of roadway and traffic to the anchorages at each end. Golden Gate Bridge, Cecil W. Stoughton, 1972. National Park Service Historic . . . — Map (db m112737) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Swift Boat PCF1
Dedicated on 23 April 1998 by Senator John F. Kerry and Wade Sanders of the Swift Boat Sailors Association, Inc. in recognition of those who served and in memory of lost comrades — Map (db m10453) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Switching Yard
Almost 100 years ago, the tracks of the busy Pennsylvania Railroad freight yard known as the "Navy Yard" occupied the area around 4th and M Streets, serving the US Navy Shipyard Annex. Two or three yard engines switched freight cars that brought in . . . — Map (db m113613) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Taxiway Guidance Sign, Crossing Gate and Flashing Light Signal, Channel Marking Buoy
Taxiway Guidance Sign The colors, letters and design of standardized airport signs on taxiways and runways provide specific instructions to pilots. Runway sign of Los Angeles International Airport, November 2004. Sam . . . — Map (db m112925) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Teaching Sailors for the Fleet — Training — Behind These Walls
As the nation's first naval gunnery center, the Navy created its first gunnery school here in the 1850's. These "Top Gun" sailors learned how to operated and repair the Navy's largest ordnance, including 4-inch to 13-inch guns. In 1911, the Navy . . . — Map (db m126455) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — The Center for Naval History - The Navy Museum
The Center for Naval History The Dudley Knox Center for Naval History is housed in the complex of buildings adjacent to the Leutze Park and extending down Dahlgren Avenue. Building 57, which was erected in 1866 as a warehouse, was enlarged in . . . — Map (db m52503) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — The Leg of Colonel Ulric Dahlgren
The plaque below marks the spot where the leg of U.S. Army Colonel Ulric Dahlgren, son of Admiral John Dahlgren, "father of American naval ordnance," was interred following his wounding after the battle of Gettysburg in 1863. The leg was enclosed . . . — Map (db m32629) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — The Lumber Shed Building
Concrete Structures Constructed: 1918-1919 Wooden Roof & Trusses Constructed: 1953 Renovation of Historic Building Completed: 2013 — Map (db m114110) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — The Return of Indigenous Plants and Wildlife
This mural celebrates the return of the indigenous plants and wildlife to their native habitats in the Anacostia watershed. Designed and created by a group of students in the Corcoran Gallery of Art's ArtReach program. It was installed in the summer . . . — Map (db m114118) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — The Washington Navy Yard
Authorized by the first Secretary of the Navy, Benjamin Stoddard, is the U.S. Navy's oldest shore establishment. It occupies land set aside by George Washington for use by the federal government. The Navy Yard expanded rapidly as a shipbuilding . . . — Map (db m90434) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Three Gas Pumps — Transportation Walk
Increased automobile use and interstate trucking companies spur the growth of the largest of roads in the world. Rural areas are linked to major economic centers. Vacationers headed for Virginia beaches, July 4, 1959. National . . . — Map (db m112718) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Transportation Corridor
In the 1890s streetcars ran along M Street, a major east-west artery. Today cars, trucks and busses fill the street. Open streetcar in front of the Navy Yard on M Street, SE, 1894-1898 (detail). The Historical Society of Washington, . . . — Map (db m112757) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — U.S. Experimental Model Basin
Site of U.S. Experimental Model Basin 1898-1955 Founded by Rear Admiral David Watson Taylor who was the Director until 1914. Here the Navy laid the foundations for research in ship and aircraft design with the establishment of a 470 foot . . . — Map (db m10456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Urban Design
In Pierre L'Enfant's design for the new city of Washington, broad diagonal avenues, named after states, radiate from key buildings like the Capitol and White House. They cross the regular grid of east-west streets, identified by letters, and . . . — Map (db m112779) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — USS Balao (SS-285)
Battle Flag of USS BALAO [illustration] Displacement: 1,526 [tons](surfaced), 2,414 (submerged) Length: 311' 9" Draft: 16' 10" Speed: 20.25 k. (sufaced), 8.75 k. (submerged) Complement: 6 officers and 60 enlisted men Armament: . . . — Map (db m22925) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — USS Sequoia, USS Memphis, Skipjack, Canal Barge, USS Constitution — Transportation Walk
USS Sequoia Presidents relax and entertain, work and negotiate on presidential yachts. The last yacht to serve, the USS Sequoia, is used by Presidents Franklin Roosevelt through Gerald Ford and was retired in 1977. . . . — Map (db m113626) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Walter Perry Johnson — "The Big Train"
Walter Johnson might have been the fastest pitcher in baseball history. With his sweeping sidearm delivery, the "Big Train" led the league in strikeouts 12 times during a 21 year career with the Washington Nationals from 1907 to 1927. Johnson won . . . — Map (db m114054) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Washington Navy Yard and Annex
This marker is made up of five separate panels. This historic Sentry Tower and Wall, which date to 1906, once marked the northern boundary of the Navy Yard Annex. The Washington Navy Yard, located just east of this site, has been home to . . . — Map (db m100172) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Washington Navy Yard Chapel
This building was originally constructed as the pneumatic power plant for the forge shop in 1901. In 1962 the last gun shop closed down and the Yard began its transition from an industrial facility to an administrative and ceremonial headquarters . . . — Map (db m10675) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Water, Water Everywhere
Washington Canal Park's linear rain garden, which covers the eastern portion of the park, hearkens back to the historic canal. Like the old canal, it collects stormwater. But there the comparison ends. Today's rain garden uses the latest technology . . . — Map (db m113627) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Welcome Aboard the Display Ship BARRY (DD-993)(sic)
BARRY is named after Commodore John Barry. She is the third vessel to bear the name of the illustrious Revolutionary War naval hero. The ship was built in 1954 in Bath Iron Works, Bath Maine; and commissioned on September 7th, 1956 in Boston, . . . — Map (db m89976) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Willard Park
On display in Willard Park, named for the early 20th century commandant of the Yard, are over 60 naval artifacts from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Mounted at the western end of the park is a fine collection of turn-of-the-century naval . . . — Map (db m10444) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Willard Park — Washington Navy Yard — Panel 2
On display in Willard Park, named for the early 20th century commandant of the Yard, are naval artifacts from the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Behind you is the gun mount from the battleship Maine, sunk on the eve of the . . . — Map (db m89380) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 8 — William Prout: Community Builder — Tour of Duty — Barracks Row Heritage Trail
Most of the land that is now Capitol Hill—including portions of the Navy Yard – once belonged to William Prout, who lived in a large house on this block. In 1799 and 1801 he sold and traded land to the U.S. government for both the . . . — Map (db m130742) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — Wright Brothers' 1903 Flyer, Lockeheed Vega, P-51 Mustang Fighter, Bell-47 Flyer, Global Flyer — Transportation Walk
Wright Brothers' 1903 Flyer "I got on the machine at 10:35 for the first trial increasing in speed to probably 7 or 8 miles. The machine lifted..." —Orville Wright's Diary, December 17, 1903 1903 machine on the . . . — Map (db m113625) HM WM

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