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New London, Connecticut Historical Markers

 
"Do you want to be slave or free?" Marker image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, May 28, 2013
"Do you want to be slave or free?" Marker
Connecticut (New London County), New London — "Do you want to be slave or free?"
On this site, September 30, 1858, Police Court Judge Augustus H. Brandegee and Customs Collector John Perkings Mather freed a stowaway slave known as “Joe” by applying Connecticut’s Personal Liberty Law against the federal Fugitive Slave . . . — Map (db m66445) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — “Aim, Load, Fire”
This scene features a replica 32-pound cannon that would have been employed here during the 1850s and 1860s. Thirty-two pound refers to the weight of the cannonballs used in this weapon. The soldiers are in the process of sponging the bore, . . . — Map (db m48406) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — “The Arches”Submarine Antenna Over-Water Arch Facility — Building 101
This unusual structure was specifically designed to test submarine antennas in an environment that replicated conditions at sea. The roof contained a 93-by-66 foot concrete pool filled with seawater. The pool was six inches deep except for a well . . . — Map (db m48380) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — 15 Bank StreetLawrence Hall — 1920
Built in the neoclassical style for Joseph Lawrence, head of a prominent New London whaling family, as a hall for lectures and exhibits. Historic Waterfront District Heritage Trail New London Main Street 2006 Funded by City Center District & City . . . — Map (db m48637) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — 16 Bank Streetc. 1900
Figureheads in cornice reflect New London’s maritime tradition. Originally housed the New England Cigar and Tobacco Company. Historic Waterfront District Heritage Trail New London Main Street 2006 Funded by City Center District & City of New . . . — Map (db m48633) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — 2 State Street1844
Built as a warehouse and ships chandlery for the whaling firm of Perkins & Smith. In 1889, became the Winthrop Hotel to recognize the city’s founder, John Winthrop Jr. Historic Waterfront District Heritage Trail New London Main Street 2006 Funded . . . — Map (db m48636) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — 21st Regt. Conn. Vol.1862 - 1865
Erected Sept. 5, 1898 by the State of Connecticut in honor of her Citizen Soldiers — Map (db m48202) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — 35 Water StreetUnion Railroad Station — 1888
By Henry Hobson Richardson, initiator of Romanesque revival in America and architect of Trinity Church in Boston and Harvard University’s Sever Hall. Historic Waterfront District Heritage Trail New London Main Street 2006 Funded by City Center . . . — Map (db m48635) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — American Revolution
The first shots of the American Revolution were fired in Massachusetts in April of 1775, more than a year before the thirteen colonies declared their independence. Connecticut needed fortifications to defend the colony from British attack, and in . . . — Map (db m48280) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Blockhouse
This sturdy granite building is the oldest surviving structure at Fort Trumbull State Park. At the urging of President George Washington, Congress authorized funds to fortify American seaports in 1794. A French engineer, Stephen Rochefontaine, . . . — Map (db m48265) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — City of New LondonConnecticut
Founded May 6, 1646 John Winthrop, the younger 6th Governor of Cennecticut Incorporated January 8, 1784 Act of the General Assembly meeting in New Haven “Meeting House Green”Public meetings were held at the Congregational Church near . . . — Map (db m48200) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Civil War
Ironically, the Third System forts, built to protect the U.S. coastline from foreign aggression, were never fired on by another country, but some were attacked by American rebel forces. The Civil War started in April of 1861 when Confederate cannon . . . — Map (db m48313) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Coast Guard
The Revenue Cutter Service, the federal bureau that enforced treaties and tariffs on the seas and inland waterways, established its officer training school at Fort Trumbull in 1910. Fort Trumbull offered easy access to Long Island Sound, which was . . . — Map (db m48386) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Cold War
World War II ended in 1945 with the surrender of Germany and Japan, but it was an uneasy peace that followed. Although the U.S.S.R. had been America’s ally during the war, after the war, the Soviet Union asserted control over eastern Europe, . . . — Map (db m48405) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Colombo
( Lower Plaque ) New London Columbus Statue Fund Committee Italian Americans donated this statue of Christopher Columbus to the city of New London on October 12, 1928. Italian American Civic Association — Map (db m48648) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — First Step to Freedom
On this site, August 29. 1839, federal investigative inquiry indicted 38 enslaved Mende Africans accused of revolt on the high seas and murder of the Captain and cook of the Spanish slave ship Amistad which was captured and brought into New London . . . — Map (db m66444) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Fort Interiors
The fort you are now in has had continuous military occupation since its erection in 1852. the latest occupant, the United States Navy, used the facilities from 1941 and 1997. When the fort was turned over to the Connecticut Department of . . . — Map (db m48358) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Fort Trumbull
This five-sided fort was built between 1839 and 1852 to protect New London Harbor as part of a broad system of coastal fortification undertaken by the federal government. This is the third Fort Trumbull built on this promontory, which was known as . . . — Map (db m48253) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Hempstead Historic District
Free African Americans have lived and worked in this neighborhood since colonial times. In the 1840s both blacks and whites bought home (some still standing) through the efforts of abolitionist and developer, Savillion Haley. Travelers on the . . . — Map (db m48364) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — John Winthrop1606 – 1676
Founder of New London May 6, 1646 Governor of Connecticut 1657, 1659-1676 --------------- The Charter of Connecticut was procured by him from King Charles II April 23, 1662 --------------- To commemorate his great services to this commonwealth the . . . — Map (db m48199) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Jonathan Brooks Tomb   1786
In memory of Jonathan Brooks 1768 – 1848 A boy patriot of the American Revolution — Map (db m54084) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Magnetic SilencingBuilding 109
The navy uses the magnetic silencing range to determine if a ship may be vulnerable to detection by magnetic mines, which can blow a hole in a vessel and cause it to sink. The range consists of a series of devices installed underwater that . . . — Map (db m48381) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Maury HallBuilding 28
Maury Hall, a substantial two-story concrete building, stood on this site from the 1930s or early 1940s until 1999. It served as classrooms for the U.S. Maritime Service officers’ training program at Fort Trumbull during Worl War II. Known to the . . . — Map (db m48303) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Merchant Marine
The U.S. Merchant Marine played a crucial role in World War II, transporting supplies, ammunition, and troops across the ocean to the battle front. Even before the United States entered the war, the merchant fleet provided much-needed goods to the . . . — Map (db m48394) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Monte Cristo CottageNational Historic Landmark
Boyhood home of Eugene O’Neill, America’s most renowned playwright and setting for his masterpieces ‘Ah, Wilderness’ and ‘Long Day’s Journey Into Night”. O’Neill won the Nobel Prize in literature in 1936. This site possesses exceptional . . . — Map (db m66446) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Nathan Hale
Born in Coventry Connecticut June 6, 1755 A schoolmaster in New London, A captain in the Continental Army who “resign’d his life a sacrifice to his country’s Liberty at New York Sept. 22d 1776” “I only regret that I have but one . . . — Map (db m48203) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Nathan HaleSchoolteacher & Spy from Connecticut
A Yale graduate, Hale began teaching here in the Union School House in 1774. He taught all ages and levels of boys at the same time. A progressive teacher for his day, Hale openly rewarded success in the classroom. He also believed in teaching . . . — Map (db m48320) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Nathan Hale Schoolhouse1774 – 1775
Owned and operated by The Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution — Map (db m48184) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Native AmericansConnecting to the Sea for Centuries
The Mohegan and Pequot people of southeastern Connecticut and their ancestors have used the coastal resources of eastern Long Island Sound for thousands of years. Native people made ocean-going canoes to harvest fish, trade, and visit with their . . . — Map (db m48330) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — New London
New London was founded in 1646 by John Winthrop, the younger, who chose this shore-ringed "plantation” for its excellent harbor. This land, with its great natural assets, attracted men of hardihood and valor and became one of the . . . — Map (db m114908) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — New London Soldiers & Sailors Monument
[ East Marker : ] In memory of New London’s Soldiers and Sailors who fought in defence of their country --------------- Erected on the site of her first fort Fortified 1691 - - - - - Dismantled 1777 [ North Marker : ] Erected . . . — Map (db m48332) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — New London War Dead
Gratefully dedicated to those who gave their lives in the service of our country in order to preserve its ideals of liberty and democracy1961 — Map (db m48649) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — New London War Memorial
[ Left Plaque : ] Korean Conflict This memorial is dedicated to those who served. When the call of their country was heard, self was forgotten. Their deeds and efforts shall never be forgotten. [ Right Plaque : ] Vietnam . . . — Map (db m48851) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — New London Whalemen
Dedicated to the memory of the Whalemen of the Port of New London — Map (db m48843) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — North Battery
Between 1875 and 1876, the army built this installation for heavy guns, known as the North Battery, to strengthen the military effectiveness of Fort Trumbull. Designed for five cannon aimed toward the water, the battery contained four gun platforms . . . — Map (db m48258) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Parade Ground
This parade ground appears on a map from the 1830s, when the second Fort Trumbull was still standing. Its use dates back at least that far. The army conducted drills and inspections of troops on this stretch of land until the early twentieth . . . — Map (db m48272) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Periscope Test FacilityBuilding 94
An industrial-looking building with few windows stood on this site directly in front of the fort from the 1770s until 1999. It was designed specifically for top-secret work in periscope technology. Originally, periscopes were simple tube-shaped . . . — Map (db m48382) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Post Civil War to 1910
After the Civil War fewer troops were stationed at Fort Trumbull, but at least one artillery company continued to serve here each year into the early twentieth century. It became evident during the Civil War that advances in weapons had caused the . . . — Map (db m48356) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Revolutionary New LondonThe Fight for Liberty
When the “Lexington Alarm” was sounded in April 1775, three militia companies from New London and surrounding towns responded immediately. Within a month, six new regiments were formed with two New London companies participating in the . . . — Map (db m48318) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Revolutionary War PrivateeringLed to Benedict Arnold’s Attack
When the colonies chose revolution, the Continental Congress appointed Nathaniel Shaw to be in charge of Connecticut’s Navy. That navy consisted largely of privateers, privately-owned armed vessels, licensed to attack British shipping. Privateers . . . — Map (db m48319) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Scientific ResearchWorld War I
World War I broke out in Europe in 1914, and President Woodrow Wilson firmly resolved that the United States would stay neutral. However, public opinion turned to outrage in 1915, when a U-boat (a German submarine) fired two torpedoes at the . . . — Map (db m48391) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Scientific ResearchWorld War II
Before the United States entered World War II, German U-boats again inflicted death and destruction on the seas by sinking Allied ships as they had in World War I. In January 1942, the month after the United States entered the war, the Germans . . . — Map (db m48396) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Shaw MansionHempstead Historic Neighborhood
Nathaniel Shaw came to New London around 1730 to take advantage of the town’s increasing maritime opportunities. He and his son, Nathaniel Jr. became successful merchants. In 1756 the older Shaw began building this mansion. Despite the abundance . . . — Map (db m48192) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Shaw Mansion
Built 1756 by Captain Nathaniel Shaw, Senior •       •       • Continental, Colonial and State Naval Office of Nathaniel Shaw, Junior New London, Connecticut During the War of the American Revolution. He was appointed Naval Agent by the Continental . . . — Map (db m48205) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Site Orientation
On this rocky and windy promontory overlooking the Thames River, more than two hundred years of military history have unfolded. The history of this place and those who served here reflects strategic and technological developments from the American . . . — Map (db m48647) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — South Battery
The army built this gun line, known as the South Battery, around 1840, while the present Fort Trumbull was under construction. By 1879, this battery contained eight cannon of two types, six Rodmans and two Parrotts. A low protective wall made of . . . — Map (db m48262) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Amistad IncidentGalvanizing Abolitionists
In the summer of 1839, the Amistad, a Spanish coastal schooner with 39 kidnapped Africans aboard, was found in Long Island Sound and brought to New London. The captives, who had been sold into slavery in Cuba, had taken over the ship and . . . — Map (db m48324) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The 19th Century PortChanging Maritime Enterprises
From this bustling port numerous ships set off around the world in search of whales. Marine mammals provided highly sought after oil which fueled the industrial revolution. New London whalemen specialized in hunting elephant seals which also . . . — Map (db m48328) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Atlantic TradeNew London Enters the World Economy
English settlers were attracted to the Thames River because it offered a safe harbor and good anchorage with easy access to the sea. This quickly led to a thriving community based on coastal trade. New London colonial merchants became so . . . — Map (db m48321) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Barracks
This building housed army enlisted men serving in the artillery or infantry from the 1830s until Fort Trumbull was downgraded to a supply post, in 1907. Built of rough-cut granite, the original stone section dates from about 1830, the same year . . . — Map (db m48300) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Roots of the US Coast GuardSupporting and Defending Maritime Trade
In 1789, when the new federal government needed a national source of revenue, Congress turned to the sea. They placed a tax on imports, created the Customs Service to collect it and established federal oversight for lighthouses to ensure safer . . . — Map (db m48329) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Submarine IndustryRooted in Connecticut
Just as the early settlers recognized the fine qualities of the New London harbor, so did the US Government. At the end of the Civil War, the Federal Government accepted land in Groton and Ledyard, purchased by New London, for a new naval base. . . . — Map (db m48326) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — The Third System
Although the United States won the War of 1812, the searing memory of the nation’s capital in flames continued to disturb the public and Congress alike. The British had entered the Chesapeake Bay, continued up the Potomac River, and set fire to . . . — Map (db m48353) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Union Station
Union Station was originally designed by Henry Hobson Richardson and built in 1885. Union Station is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and was saved, restored and adaptively reused through the efforts of: Union Railroad Station . . . — Map (db m48645) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — United States Maritime Service Officers School
This monument marks the site of the largest United States Maritime Service Officers School during the course of events leading up to and including World War II. During this period 15,000 Maritime Service Officers were graduated and went forth to . . . — Map (db m66449) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — War of 1812
In 1808, Congress again approved funds to fortify the coastline, prompted by the prospect of another war with England. England was at war with France, which was ruled by Napoleon Bonaparte at the time, and although the United States had not taken . . . — Map (db m48283) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Whaling in New London
Human relationship with sea mammals has evolved through the past 300 years. Oil from whales and seals was exploited, yet essential to developing our industrial revolution in the 19th century. The wealth accumulated from whaling was invested in . . . — Map (db m48186) HM
Connecticut (New London County), New London — Williams Memorial ParkHempstead Historic Neighborhood
New London was a wealthy city in the mid-1800s, largely due to its success in whaling and other maritime ventures. Leading families displayed their wealth in opulent houses and furnishings, but many sought to bestow a more public legacy. They . . . — Map (db m48363) HM

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