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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Niagara Falls, New York Historical Markers

 
Upriver image, Touch for more information
By Anton Schwarzmueller, March 13, 2016
Upriver
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — A Bridge to Freedom — "There was now but 'one wide river to cross'..."
A Bridge to Freedom "There was now but 'one wide river to cross'..." In the 1800s, Western New York was one of the main ending points of the Underground Railroad. This "railroad" was a secret system of people and places that helped . . . — Map (db m93027) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Bridges of Niagara — International Historic Civil Engineering Landmark
Since 1848 many bridges have spanned the Niagara Gorge below Niagara Falls. The design and construction of these bridges was necessary for the economic development of the Niagara Falls area. The demand for safe and convenient crossings was easily . . . — Map (db m72386) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Challenging the Whirlpool Rapids
The Whirlpool Rapids provided the ideal location for daredevils to pursue their riskly feats during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. They challenged these raging waters by swimming, riding in barrels, and navigating boats through them; some . . . — Map (db m74415) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Eddy Basin — Whirlpool Scenic Overlook Trail
The wide point of the river at this spot is called the "Eddy Basin".

If you look over the edge you will see an extensive shelf of Whirlpool Sandstone at river level. This was covered by water prior to the large water diversions for . . . — Map (db m74477) HM

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — First Presbyterian Church
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m101936) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Fort Schlosser — Guarding the Upper Landing
Great Lakes Seaway Trail. New York State French and Indian War Commemoration 250 years. Securing Military and Commercial Goods. Fort Schlosser was built to protect the upper portage landing and was used as a storehouse for military and . . . — Map (db m72889) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Gad Pierce Tavern
Gad Pierce Tavern. Site of 1807 tavern built by Gad Pierce. US Militia delayed a British and Indian attack here on Dec 20, 1813 and escaped thru back door. Tavern rebuilt after war. — Map (db m70968) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Goat Island
Goat Island is made up of dolostone bedrock covered with glacial deposits. For thousands of years, these deposits lay under deep lake and river waters. About 3,500 years ago, the water level of the Upper Niagara began to drop, eventually exposing . . . — Map (db m74166) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Goat Island Flora
Goat Island's plants grow so well because of the constant moisture in the atmosphere and the deep, rich soil. the moisture protects the plants from late spring frosts, and the soil allows for greater root penetration and nutrition. In the . . . — Map (db m75969) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Great Gorge Railway Trail — Niagara Gorge Trail System — Suspension Bridge Interpretive Area —
Gorge Trail 4·Great Gorge Railway.(1.1mi, 1.8km) The Niagara Gorge Trail System is made up of a series of trail sections located in and along the Niagara River Gorge. Two of these trails are located along the top: the Niagara Gorge Rim Trail . . . — Map (db m82800) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Height, Sight, and Flight / The Niagara River Corridor Important Bird Area
Height, Sight, and Flight. Each year between 100 million and one billion birds die by collision with human-built structures. The danger of colliding with windows has increased for birds with the spread of urbanization and the decline of . . . — Map (db m77044) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Hennepin View
Near this spot stood Father Louis Hennepin Franciscan Missionary and Chronicler of La Salle's Expedition 1678 - 9 He was the first to preach the gospel on the Niagara frontier and the first white man who saw and described the falls of Niagara. . . . — Map (db m8957) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Historic Falls Portage — Under Four Nations
Portage Road, constructed on an old Indian trail, was used to transport goods around the falls from the Lewiston Landing to Fort Schlosser on the upper river. It held the key to governing the entire Great Lakes area and the . . . — Map (db m54345) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church Complex
Holy Trinity Roman Catholic Church Complex has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2010 by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m134518) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — In Honor of the Soldiers, Sailors & Marines — Who Made the Supreme Sacrifice in the World War — 1917 - 1919 —
In honor of the soldiers, sailors & marines who made the supreme sacrifice in the World War, 1917 - 1919. [plaque above] Dedicated to World War II Veterans. Presented by Dudley Donnelly Woman's Relief Corps. No. 115, auxiliary to the . . . — Map (db m77109) WM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — La Salle Built the Griffon
Hereabout in May, 1679 Robert Cavelier de La Salle Built the Griffon, "of sixty tons burthen," the first vessel to sail the Upper Lakes. ————— Erected by Niagara Frontier Historical Society . . . — Map (db m57137) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Luna Island
Located between the American Falls and the Bridal Veil Falls, this island was named in the 19th century for the beautiful moonlit rainbows visitors could see here on nights when the moon is full or near full. Caused by the mist from the falls, these . . . — Map (db m87899) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara County Medal of Honor Monument
In memory of all Americans in the armed forces who sacrificed their lives in a time of need to preserve the freedom of this great nation.

The American Legion, Department of New York, Niagara County Committee, October 11, 1986.

Korean . . . — Map (db m78993) WM

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara Falls Medal of Honor Memorial
(front) One crowded hour of glory is worth an age without a name World War II T. Sgt. Bernard P. Bell Co. I, 142nd Inf. Regt. 36th Inf. Division Vietnam 2nd Lt. John Paul Bobo Co. I, 3rd Battalion 9th . . . — Map (db m77088) WM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara Falls Veterans Memorial
[centerpiece][front] The names you see enshrined here are not those of timid men but rather those who gave [right side] their lives for freedom ★ "It is foolish and wrong [rear] to mourn the men who died rather we should thank God that such . . . — Map (db m86660) WM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara Gorge Important Bird Area
The Important Bird Area (IBA) program began in Europe around 1985. The United States and Canada entered into the program in 1996. Since then, over 2,000 areas have been identified in both countries with 127 of them located in New York State as of . . . — Map (db m75639) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara Gorge Industrial Heritage
The Niagara Gorge and the power of the Niagara River were essential to the rise of Niagara Falls industry in the late 19th century. Machines and turbines could be run cheaply and efficiently utilizing the vast amounts of hydropower produced here. . . . — Map (db m79883) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara Gorge Natural History
Towards the end of the Ice Age, melt water from retreating glaciers filled in deep depressions, forming the Great Lakes. These lakes drained north over the Niagara Escarpment, and the Niagara River eroded the gorge to its present location. Today, . . . — Map (db m74672) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Niagara's Industrial Beginnings and the Establishment of the State Reservation
In 1805, New York State sold the land around the falls, and mills and other businesses that used the Niagara river for power were established. These industries provided the local community with needed services, helping the area to prosper. When the . . . — Map (db m75345) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Nik Wallenda & Niagara — Photo by James P. McCoy, 2012 —
On June 12, 2012, before thousands of spectators gathered here at Terrapin Point and millions watching around the world, famed aerialist Nik Wallenda stepped onto a 2 inch thick steel cable, walked 1500 feet across Niagara Falls and the Niagara . . . — Map (db m75177) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla Inventor July 10, 1850 Smiljan Yugoslavia - January 7, 1943 New York — Map (db m75146)
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Oakwood Cemetery
Oakwood Cemetery has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014 by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m98514) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Old Blockhouse
Here stood one of a line of blockhouses built 1764 by Montresor to protect the Army of Bradstreet from Indian massacres on march — Map (db m54363) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Old Stone Chimney
Built by French 1750, 100 ft. westward in Fort Little Niagara's barracks which they burned in 1759. To it British built in 1761, the Stedman House (where that master of the portage lived until U.S. occupation in 1796), which in 1808, became . . . — Map (db m70254) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Park Place Historic District
District Description: The structures comprising Park Place Historic District illustrate architecture from four periods of residential development spanning a nearly 100-year period in Niagara Falls, New York. 1. Mid-19th Century Workman's . . . — Map (db m80142) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Portage Road
An Indian Trail used before white men settled in America. Highway for French fur trade. Later improved by British as Military Road. — Map (db m54359) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Portage Road — Carry Route Around the Falls — Cultural Heritage —
Following the Footsteps of the Famous Along this very road Native Americans, explorers, traders, and soldiers passed for centuries to get around the Niagara Falls and Gorge. Merchants cashed in on trade goods, troops fought for safe . . . — Map (db m54365) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Prospect Point Viewing Area — Niagara in Winter
Ice from Lake Erie flows over the falls and jams up the gorge below. An ice bridge is an accumulation of ice, which has frozen solid from shore to shore, and under which the river still flows.

In the past, the American Falls and Bridal Veil . . . — Map (db m93036)

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Replica of the Statue of Liberty
With the faith and courage of their forefathers who made possible the freedom of these United States The Boy Scouts of America Dedicate this copy of the Statue of Liberty as a Pledge of everlasting Fidelity and . . . — Map (db m80143) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Site of First House — Built by Judge Porter in 1808
Built by Judge Porter in 1808. Many notable visitors and friendly Indians were received within its walls. — Map (db m70752) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Buttery Elevators — The Passing of a 19th-Century Landmark
The public accessed the Whirlpool Rapids via a rickety stairway at an old saw mill that was purchased by John M. Buttery in the 1850s. When the site became a popular tourist destination, Buttery abandoned the mill and built a safer stairway into the . . . — Map (db m75205) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Carnegie Building — 1022 Main Street — Niagara Falls • Department of Community Development —
Erected in 1902, this was originally the Library, one of over 2,500 public libraries donated by Andrew Carnegie to communities across America. This great man donated over $350 million of his fortune to various causes incl. this at Niagara. Renovated . . . — Map (db m86558) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Falls View Bridges
The first international bridge built near the falls was known as the Upper Suspension or New Suspension Bridge. When it was opened in 1869 with a 1,260-foot (384-meter) span, it was the longest suspension bridge ever constructed. The bridge was . . . — Map (db m71524) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The First People to See the Falls
The first people to see Niagara Falls were probably nomadic hunters and gatherers who left behind evidence of their short-term camps and work areas in the form of tools and weapons. The Neutrals, known for their peaceful nature, followed, building . . . — Map (db m77043) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Great Cataract of Niagara — An attraction even in wartime
Early European Visitors The Niagara River, with its mighty falls and rapids, was well known by Native Americans. Word of its majesty reached European explorers and soldiers who came to North America. Despite their mission, explorers and . . . — Map (db m72940) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Great Gorge Route — The Most Scenic Ride
The Great Gorge Route (1895-1935) once offered spectacular trolley rides through the Niagara Gorge. Initially, the route ran from Niagara Falls to Lewiston, NY. After the Lewiston-Queenston Suspension Bridge opened in 1899, however, the line . . . — Map (db m75312) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Grounds of this Canal
The Grounds of this Canal were donated by the Heirs of the late Hon. Augustus Porter & Gen. Peter B. Porter. 1852. In pursuance of their original design for Hydraulic purposes the work was commenced in 1853 by a Company which failed & the Title . . . — Map (db m93039) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Most Combat Decorated World War II Soldier
In 1980, Lt. Col. Matt Urban, Aug. 25, 1919 [-] March 4, 1995, the most combat decorated World War II soldier, received the Congressional Medal of Honor, three silver stars, five bronze stars, purple heart with 7 oak leaf clusters, from President . . . — Map (db m77108) WM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Niagara Portage
The Niagara Portage. For thousands of years the seven-mile-long Niagara Portage linked Lake Ontario to Lake Erie by providing travelers with a land route around Niagara Falls. The portage trail ran from the Upper Landing, 1.5 miles above the falls . . . — Map (db m87918) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Niagara River Portage and the Old Stone Chimney
In 1915, Peter A. Porter calls the Old Stone Chimney, "the oldest masonry in the State of New York, west of Albany," with the exception of the French Castle at Old Fort Niagara.

The Portage Rivers are great for easily moving people and . . . — Map (db m96612) HM

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Parting of the Waters
Here, the upper Niagara River divides into two channels. To the left of the river becomes the American Rapids. To the right, the other 90% becomes the Horseshoe Rapids. In the distance are Grand Island and Navy Island, the two largest islands in the . . . — Map (db m87915) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Power of Niagara
Millions of people have been drawn to the falls over the years; some dreamed of harnessing the waters for power to run mills, factories, and power plants.

In 1757, Daniel Joncaire built a sawmill along the upper Niagara River to cut lumber for . . . — Map (db m74315) HM

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — The Power of the American Rapids
The American Rapids begin at the upstream end of Goat Island. From there, they drop about 50 feet (15 meters) in elevation to the brink of the American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls. Although no more than a few feet deep, these swift rapids are . . . — Map (db m87887) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Thomas V. Welch — Mansion Est. 1883
Founder of the Free Niagara Movement, he helped to preserve Niagara Falls in its natural beauty for the world and make it the first state park in the U.S. in 1885. — Map (db m87900) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Three Sisters Islands
These picturesque islands have also been known as the "Moss Islands" because fine growths of moss once covered their rocks. The smooth surfaces of the rocks and the great number of potholes are clues that these islands were once submerged . . . — Map (db m75986) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — To The River — A new stairway with incredible scenery
To The River A new stairway with incredible scenery These new stairs leading to the Great Gorge Railway Trail at the river's edge were completed in 2012 by expert trail builders hired by the New York Power Authority and New York State . . . — Map (db m93028) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Town of Niagara Civil War Memorial
(panel 1) 10th New York Cavalry Lt. Edward S. Hawes killed at Upperville, Va. June 21, 1863 John Barr killed at Sulphur Springs, Va. Aug. 1862 Robert Burns wounded at Brandy Station, Va. Died Niag. Falls 1867 Sylvester Cesbrough . . . — Map (db m75180) WM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Tragedy at Devil's Hole / Natural History of Devil's Hole — The Devil's Hole Massacre
Tragedy at Devil's Hole Pontiac's Rebellion The British victory in the French and Indian War (1754-1763) resulted in an uprising under Pontiac, an Ottawa leader, against the British presence in the Upper Great Lakes region. The Niagara Portage . . . — Map (db m74792) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Welcome to Whirlpool State Park
Established in 1928, Whirlpool State Park's 109 acres support a variety of flora and fauna and provide opportunities for cycling, fishing, hiking bird watching, and picnicking. Approximately three miles of hiking trails include a rim trail with many . . . — Map (db m74797) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Whirlpool Rapids — Whirlpool Scenic Overlook Trail —
The violent waters of the Whirlpool Rapids flow into the Eddy Basin before entering the Whirlpool.

A major change took place here about 7,000 years ago, when water volume was low. The connection between Lake Huron and Lake Erie was cut off and . . . — Map (db m74798) HM

New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — Whitney Mansion
Whitney Mansion Built c. 1837 has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior This structure has been recorded by the Historic American Buildings Survey of the United Stated . . . — Map (db m93050) HM
New York (Niagara County), Niagara Falls — World's First Hydroelectric Power Plant
This is the original arch entrance to the Adams Station, the world's first hydroelectric power plant. Electric power, its transmission in commercial quantities to remote distances, the design and building of the first large electrical equipment- all . . . — Map (db m74275) HM

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