“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Norfolk, Virginia Historical Markers

<i>Virginia</i> and <i>Monitor</i> Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tom Troy, April 20, 2007
Virginia and Monitor Marker
Virginia, Norfolk — Virginia and Monitor
Across Hampton Roads from this point the C.S.S. Virginia (Merrimac) and the U.S.S. Monitor fought, March 9, 1862. This was the first combat between iron-clad vessels in the history of the world. After a severe engagement in which each . . . — Map (db m16420) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Air Traffic Control
Weather Weather has an impact on airplanes, so pilots must keep a close eye on the weather. Before a flight they look at weather reports, and during a flight they, communicate with air traffic controllers along their flight path to keep . . . — Map (db m107183) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Armed Forces Memorial
The Armed Forces Memorial is located here on a river that has for more than 200 years carried servicemen off to war and returned them home to loved ones. Within the Memorial are 20 inscriptions from letters written home by U.S. service members who . . . — Map (db m3475) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway
Off this point in the Elizabeth River is the zero mile buoy marking the beginning of the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway. In colonial times water transportation was the principal mode for moving cargo. The idea of a canal connecting the Elizabeth . . . — Map (db m3478) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Battleship Wisconsin: BB-9 and BB-64in the Homeport of Naval History
Battleships bearing the name Wisconsin have graced the waters off Norfolk and Hampton Roads since the beginning of the twentieth century. Ornately designed to show-off the “Stars and Stripes” of the United States, the first . . . — Map (db m35211) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Battleship Wisconsin: Berthed in Norfolkthe Homeport of Naval History
Redefining the skyline of downtown Norfolk, battleship Wisconsin stands stoically with dominating presence. After months of dredging and construction, Wisconsin majestically slipped into the seemingly tailored berth without a hitch on . . . — Map (db m3407) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Battleship Wisconsin: A Floating Fortress
Battleship Wisconsin and the sister-ships of the Iowa Class arguably hold a symbolic status as monuments in naval surface warship design. Unlike torpedo boats, tin-can destroyers, flat-top aircraft carriers, and pig-boat submarines, . . . — Map (db m3378) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KV-3 — Birthplace of Naval Aviation
On 14 Nov. 1910, off Old Point Comfort across the harbor from here, the U.S. Navy demonstrated that airplanes could be launched from ships. Flying a Curtiss biplane, Eugene Ely took off from a wooden ramp constructed atop the deck of the cruiser USS . . . — Map (db m33242) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KV 30 — Booker T. Washington High School
James T. West High School, one of Virginia’s first accredited public high schools for African-Americans, was renamed in 1917 for Booker T. Washington, educator, author and orator. The school moved to a newly constructed building in 1924 and for . . . — Map (db m130360) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Camp Talbot
Half a mile west is site of Confederate camp. Georgia and Virginia troops defending Norfolk were encamped there from April 1, 1861 until the evacuation of the city May 10, 1862 — Map (db m76779) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Cedar Grove Cemetery
Cedar Grove was Norfolk’s first public cemetery, established in January 1825 after a Borough ordinance aimed at curbing yellow fever decreed that the “burying of the dead in lots lying on public and populous streets is ... injurious to the . . . — Map (db m119770) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Confederate Defense Line
Confederate breastworks crossed this road extending from Tanner's Creek on the west to Broad Creek on the east with an intrenched camp to the west. Union soldiers under Major Gen. John E. Wool landed at Ocean View and marched to Norfolk over this . . . — Map (db m87727) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Downtown Waterfront Revitalization
In the 1950s the downtown waterfront contained an assortment of aging facilities-wharves, warehouses, rail lines, ship chandlers, tugboat operations, and ferry docks. The city of Norfolk made a significant decision. An area of downtown along the . . . — Map (db m3480) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — East Main Street
The portion of East Main Street between Commercial Place and Church Street (now St. Paul’s Boulevard) was notorious with servicemen all over the world until well after World War II. The district was home to taverns such as the Krazy Kat and Red . . . — Map (db m123808) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KV-26 — Elmwood Cemetery
Elmwood Cemetery, established in 1853, is Norfolk's second-oldest municipal cemetery. Its monuments and statues, some crafted by nationally prominent artisans, bear the motifs of Victorian funerary art and reflect the Egyptian, Gothic, Greek, . . . — Map (db m119650) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Elmwood Cemetery
Elmwood Cemetery was established in 1853 to ease the overcrowded conditions in the less than 30-year old Cedar Grove Cemetery, which lay across Smith’s Creek from the 50-acre parcel that would become Elmwood. The two cemeteries were connected by a . . . — Map (db m119768) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Father Ryan's Home
On Chapel Street, south of this point, stood the home of Father Abram J. Ryan, beloved poet of the Confederacy. "But their memories e'er shall remain for us and their names, bright names, without stain for us: the glory they won shall not wane for . . . — Map (db m36833) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Ferries to Portsmouth and Berkley
According to tradition, ferry service across the Elizabeth River was first established near this location in 1636 by Captain Adam Thoroughgood and operated by Lower Norfolk County. The earliest ferries were simply skiffs rowed by men. Later larger . . . — Map (db m20363) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — First Baptist Church
First Baptist Church Norfolk Virginia has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission act of 1966. This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic . . . — Map (db m3327) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KV-1 — First Flight Ship to Shore
On 14 November, 1910, Eugene Ely in a Curtiss built "Hudson Flyer," utilizing a specially constructed platform with an uptilt at the end, took off from the cruiser Birminham anchored off Fort Monroe and landed at Willoughby Spit, 2½ . . . — Map (db m33357) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Flood Protection for Downtown Norfolk
Tidal flooding from hurricanes and northeasters has always been a part of Norfolk’s relationship with the sea. In 1693, the Royal Society of London reported that “there happened a most violent storm in Virginia, which stopped the course of . . . — Map (db m3374) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Half Moone Fort, 1673
Hostilities between the British and the Dutch continued for a number of years after the British took New Amsterdam in 1664 and established the colony of New York. The effects were felt in Hampton Roads where Dutch ships destroyed a fleet of tobacco . . . — Map (db m21212) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KN-1 — Hospital of St. Vincent dePaul
Founded in 1855, the Hospital of St. Vincent dePaul was Norfolk’s first civilian hospital. Located two blocks south at the corner of Church and Wood strees, the hospital was opened in the home of Ann Plume Behan Herron by eight Daughters of Charity . . . — Map (db m3324) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — How do Planes Fly?
What four forces act upon an airplane? Air flowing over the curved wings of an airplane creates a force called lift. As an airplane moves through the air, a force called drag tries to slow the plane down. The force that pulls . . . — Map (db m107181) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Naval Air Station Norfolk
Naval Air Station Norfolk was commissioned August 8, 1918 and is the birthplace of naval aviation. NAS Norfolk initially provided support for operational and experimental flights but quickly grew into a major sea plane base. World War II . . . — Map (db m70898) HM WM
Virginia, Norfolk — Navy Escort Carriers Based in Norfolk
Navy Escort Carriers based in Norfolk helped win the Battle of the Atlantic. They were the smallest, slowest, and most vulnerable of the Navy's aircraft carriers, but as noted World War II historian Samuel Eliot Morison wrote, "These escort carrier . . . — Map (db m21213) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KV-16 — Navy Mess Attendant School
From 1933 to 1942, Navy recruits of African descent attended this school, located in barracks at Unit “K-West” and later at “B-East.” Advancement opportunities for these sailors and counterparts of Asian-Pacific Island . . . — Map (db m70260) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — K273 — New Town
New Town once stood to the south along the Eastern Branch of the Elizabeth River. The community was laid out in 1697 and General Assembly established it as a town in 1740. New Town served as county seat of Princess Anne County from about 1752 to . . . — Map (db m3326) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Norfolk 1682
Town Point is where Norfolk began. In 1680 the General Assembly of his Majesty's Colony of Virginia enacted a law requiring each county to establish and develop a town site. In lower Norfolk County fifty acres of land at the entrance of the Eastern . . . — Map (db m70920) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — KN-2 — Norfolk Botanical Gardens
These gardens were conceived by City Manager Thomas Thompson during the Great Depression. His idea was executed by city gardener Frederic Heutte; noted landscape architect Charles F. Gillette served as a consultant. In 1938 about 200 black women . . . — Map (db m34949) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Norfolk International Airport
How busy is Norfolk International Airport? Norfolk International Airport has grown from a small municipal airport in the 1940's to a major international airport. The present passenger terminal carrier completed in 1974 and the airport began . . . — Map (db m107182) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Northern Limit of Old Norfolk
This marks the Northern limit of the fifty acres constituting the original town of Norfolk. It was bounded on the North by Town Back Creek and Dun-In-The-Mire Creek. The land was purchased as a port for lower Norfolk county for “tenn thousand . . . — Map (db m3367) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — WY-20 — Plummer Bernard Young Sr. (1884-1962)
North Carolina native Plummer Bernard (P.B.) Young moved to Norfolk in 1907 to work at the Lodge Journal and Guide, the newspaper of an African American fraternal organization. He bought the paper in 1910, expanded its scope, and renamed it . . . — Map (db m113245) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — St. John’s African Methodist Episcopal Church
St. John’s African Methodist Episcopal Church has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Historic Landmarks Board Act 1966. This property has been entered in the national Register of . . . — Map (db m3329) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — Surveying the Land & SeaFrom Sea to Shining Sea
President Thomas Jefferson founded the Survey of the Coast in 1807. This federal agency was charged with supporting maritime commerce by providing accurate surveys and nautical charts of our coastal waters. It was dangerous and sometimes deadly . . . — Map (db m84325) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — The Cannonball Trail
Follow the Cannonball Trail through 400 years of Norfolk and American history. The Trail winds along the shoreline of the Elizabeth River and through the districts of downtown Norfolk. Walk the cobbled streets of West Freeman - the earliest . . . — Map (db m106628) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — The Cedar
A cedar tree near this location, then known as Foure Farthing Pointe, was described in the original patent defining the western boundary of the 50 acres that comprised Norfolk Town. In August 1680 John Ferebee, surveyor for Lower Norfolk County, was . . . — Map (db m3409) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — The First Battle of Ironclad Ships, 1862
On March 8, 1862 CSS Virginia steamed past this point (1) to a battle which would forever change naval warfare. This ship had previously been a Union steam frigate, USS Merrimack, which had been destroyed near the Gosport Navy Yard . . . — Map (db m3476) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — The Underground Railroad
After northern states began abolishing slavery during the Revolutionary era, fugitives from throughout southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina started to escape by ship from the Norfolk waterfront. With luck and determination, many . . . — Map (db m5602) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — U.S. Submarine Veterans W.W. II Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of the submarines, their officers and crews who are still on patrol beneath the sea. May the flame of patriotism that drove these men be kindled in the breasts of all who view this memorial .... — Map (db m33328) WM
Virginia, Norfolk — USS Cole (DDG 67) Memorial
In lasting tribute to their honor, courage and commitment: Kenneth Eugene Clodfelter, 21 Hull Maintenance Technician Second Class Mechanicsville, VA Richard Costelow, 35 Chief Electronics Technician (Surface Warfare) Morrisville, PA . . . — Map (db m17002) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — USS Cole DDG 67"Determined Warrior"
[Rendering of the guided missile destroyer USS COLE] At 1118 on the morning of October 12, 2000, as USS COLE (DDG 67) was refueling in Aden Harbor, Yemen, suicide bombers detonated an explosive-laden boat directly against the port side of . . . — Map (db m51533) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — We remember turret two ...April 19, 1989 — USS Iowa
FC3 T. T. Adams • GM3 R. W. Backherms • EMFA D. C. Battle • GM3(SW) W. S. Blakey • GM3 P. E. Bopp • SR R. J. Bradshaw • LTjg P. E. Buch • SA E. E. Casey • GM2 J. P. Cramer • GM3 M. F. Devaul, Jr. • SA L. Allen Everhart, Jr. . . . — Map (db m33263) WM
Virginia, Norfolk — KV-25 — West Point Cemetery
This historically African American burial place, first known as Potter’s Field, was established as Calvary Cemetery in 1873 and renamed West Point Cemetery in 1885. James E. Fuller, Norfolk’s first African American councilman, secured a section for . . . — Map (db m119608) HM
Virginia, Norfolk — West Point Cemetery
West Point Cemetery was Norfolk’s first municipal cemetery for African Americans, after an 1827 ordinance provided for their interment in a section of Potter’s Field just north of the borough limits. The section was set off exclusively for the . . . — Map (db m119653) HM

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May. 25, 2020