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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Oregon City
By Barry Swackhamer, September 25, 2017
Abigail Scott Duniway Marker
|"When woman's true history shall have been written, her part in the upbuilding of this nation will astound the world." -- Abigail Scott Duniway, Path Breaking (1914)
The third in a family of fourteen, Abigail "Jenny" Scott traveled west . . . — — Map (db m114173) HM|
|Commerce came quickly to the area as pioneers cleared land and became established. Pasture and grazing was common but presented transportation problems before refrigeration and good roads or bridges. The Clear Creek Creamery co-op was formed to . . . — — Map (db m114236) HM|
|Welcome to the Baker Cabin Historical Site. This is one panel of many that are spaced throughout the site. You are invited to see them all. The Baker Cabin Historical Society is the present day organization founded from the Old Timers Association of . . . — — Map (db m114257) HM|
|This marker is located on the grounds of Baker Cabin Historical Site.
Oregon Trail emigrants left established homes and farms in the East to start anew in the wilderness that was the Oregon Country. Emigrants packed simple farm wagons with enough . . . — — Map (db m114232) HM|
|The Baker's water supply consisted of a hand dug well located close to the cabin. Likely located by dowsing , there is a strong underground stream easily found even today with a 'water-witch.' The well extended down approximately 25 feet and often . . . — — Map (db m114256) HM|
|Before the coming of the white immigration, the flat area above the falls was a native encampment called "Kanim" or "Canoe Place". In 1844 Absolom Hedges staked out a donation land claim and platted it in 1849 naming the area Falls City. The first . . . — — Map (db m114029) HM|
|About four miles below Oregon City the Klackamass enters the Walhamettee: and, seated below the banks at its mouth, I saw a party of Indians of the Klackamass tribe, and I put ashore for the purpose of taking a sketch of them.
They were busy . . . — — Map (db m114759) HM|
|"Let us make a waterfall across the river." Meadowlark said to Coyote. So they made a rope by twisting young hazel shoots.
Holding one end of the rope, Meadowlark went on one side of the Willamette River; holding the other end, coyote went on the . . . — — Map (db m114060) HM|
|Coyote came to that place around Oregon City and found the people there very hungry. The river was full of salmon, but they had no way to spear them in the deep water. Coyote decided he would build a big waterfall, so that the salmon would come to . . . — — Map (db m114061) HM|
|Dr. Forbes Barclay left Scotland in 1839 for Fort Vancouver (Washington) where he became chief physician for Hudson's Bay Company. He moved to Oregon City in 1850 where he practiced medicine for many years. He was one of Oregon City's early mayors, . . . — — Map (db m8692) HM|
| Born in Riviere du Loup, Canada, October 19, 1784.
1824 Came to the Oregon Country as Chief Factor of the Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company.
1829 Located his claim to the present site of Oregon City.
1845 Resigned his . . . — — Map (db m8699) HM|
|Chief Factor, 1821-1845, and Superintendent of the Columbia Department, 1824-1821, of the Hudson's Bay Company, laid claim to and took possession of the Site of Oregon City in 1829.
In 1842 he had the site surveyed, and subsequently dedicated . . . — — Map (db m114027) HM|
|"He stood among his pioneer contemporaries like towering old (Mount) Hood ... a born leader of men." -- Willard H Res, description of John McLoughlin during speech, 1879
His personality was measured in patience, generosity, . . . — — Map (db m114065) HM|
| It must have been long long ago that the earth shook. Then they would get their wooden pans and buckets, they would turn them upside down there, and they would sing and make a racket. They would say in their singing,
Put by the side of the . . . — — Map (db m114168) HM|
| Here the Pioneers Ended Their
Abernethy Green is the Official
End of the Oregon Trail,
As Designated by the U.S. Congress
Placed in Honor
of the Pioneer Achievements of
Oregon . . . — — Map (db m114198) HM|
| Oregon City, Western Terminus of the Oregon Trail
(about 2200 miles from Independence, MO)
Here at Abernethy Green in the fall of 1845, members of the Barlow-Palmer-Rector Wagon Train entered Oregon City as best they could. Pioneering a . . . — — Map (db m114199) HM|
|In memory of Eva Emery Dye and others who saved the McLoughlin House from demolition in 1909. The house was moved down Main Street and up Singer Hill to open as a museum on this location in 1910. Mrs. Dye was the author of “McLoughlin and Old . . . — — Map (db m8698) HM|
|Since time immemorial, Willamette Falls (Tumwater) has been an important fishing site for the Clowewalla (also known as the Willamette Tumwater) and Clackamas Chinook peoples. They controlled access to the falls through inter-tribal relationships . . . — — Map (db m114172) HM|
|"We pitched our tent... remaining at this camp for about one week, feasting on watermelons and good, fresh vegetables right from the garden, which are brought in by the Clackamas County farmers in great abundance." E.W. Conyers on arrival in . . . — — Map (db m114201) HM|
|George Abernethy who arrived at Willamette Falls in 1840 by ship, took a land claim that stretched from the Willamette River to Holcomb Hill. The neck of land that followed Abernethy Creek acrosss Green Point became known as Abernethy Green. Oregon . . . — — Map (db m114032) HM|
|Native Americans are understood to have used this large rock for grinding acorns, nuts, or grains, and preparing other foods. The several holes are evidence of long term use. This rock may have been close to Native American encampments located near . . . — — Map (db m114255) HM|
|In 1864 Absolom Hedges donated 1.91 acres for a cemetery. By 1865 the Canemah Cemetery Association was formed and received a deed. In 1883 the Rhinehart family donated a 30 ft. wide roadway to 5th Avenue. In 1914 the cemetery was surveyed and iron . . . — — Map (db m114028) HM|
|Born in Washington Co. Va., Meek leaves home at age 18, arriving in St. Louis in the fall of 1828. Meek signs on as a trapper with the Rocky Mtn. Fur Co., remaining in the Rockies until 1839.
1839 - 1843: Meek travels to the Willamette Valley and . . . — — Map (db m8673) HM|
|Born in Oregon City
June 10, 1949
Killed in Action
February 23, 1971
Vice President Ford of the United States of America awarded posthumously in the name of Congress
The Medal of Honor
for conspicuous gallantry & intrepidity in . . . — — Map (db m8711) HM|
|Lot Whitcomb, proprietor of the town, gave two lots and an unfinished building that had cost him about $1,000 - the first Episcopal church building in Oregon.
His wife, Irene, suffered from asthma. Believing Oregon a healthy place, in . . . — — Map (db m114171) HM|
|On this site was an early firehall. Current structure was built as City Hall housing city offices, Police Dept., and the jail, all of which remained until the mid 40s. Oregon City Beauty School occupied main floor and basement for 22 years. Jail . . . — — Map (db m8747) HM|
|In the city he founded, in this house he built, lived Dr. John McLoughlin, 1846-57.
He won enduring fame for his generous and humane aid to early American settlers in the Oregon Country, as Chief Factor and Superintendent of the Hudsons Bay . . . — — Map (db m8693) HM|
|"A few of us (went) to the Falls of Willamut where we found many people & considerable of business." Medorem Crawford, Journal, October 3, 1842
An emigrant of 1842, Medorem Crawford worked for nearly a decade hauling freight around . . . — — Map (db m114760) HM|
|Built by Ed Johnson as a full service barber shop with 4 chairs and bathing facilities. Basement still has massive brick boiler for hot water originally fired by sawdust from local mill. Converted to restaurant in 1986. — — Map (db m8746) HM|
Daughters of the American Revolution
1917 — — Map (db m114200) HM|
|"We claim that country - for what? To make the wilderness blossom as the rose, to establish laws, to increase, multiply, and subdue the earth..." -- John Quincy Adams, Congressional Globe, February 9, 1846
Arguing that God had manifestly . . . — — Map (db m114064) HM|
|Oregon City - supply point for pioneer emigrants was first located as a claim by Dr. John McLoughlin in 1829. The first provisional legislature of the Oregon Country was held here in 1843 and land and tax laws formulated. Oregon City was the capital . . . — — Map (db m8700) HM|
|Oregon City - once known as Willamette Falls - was early the site of an Indian salmon fishing village. The falls furnished the power for a lumber mill which began operation in 1842. A flour mill in 1844. A woolen mill in 1864 and the first paper . . . — — Map (db m113515) HM|
400 feet south
of this marker
stood the home of
Peter Skene Ogden
Chief Factor of
Hudson's Bay Co.
and rescuer of the
survivors of the
Whitman Massacre. — — Map (db m8714) HM|
|'It was two stories, 68 x 105, and was the first hotel west of the Rocky mountains." -- Harvey K. Hines, An Illustrated History... (1893)
In 1842 Dr. Elijah White recruited over one hundred people to emigrate across the Oregon Trail. . . . — — Map (db m114165) HM|
|Horace Baker emigrated from Illinois along the Oregon Traill in 1846 and married fellow emigrant Jane Hatten in 1852. The Bakers claimed 640 acres and built this cabin by 1856. The Baker Cabin is one of the oldest log structure in the state, and it . . . — — Map (db m114230) HM|
|Little is known about the first ten years after Horace and Jane Baker arrived in the 1846 Barlow Trail wagon train, and the construction of this cabin. Perhaps, like most pioneers they lived out of their wagon or tents the first winter. Most then . . . — — Map (db m114233) HM|
|The Barlow Trail branch of the Oregon Trail formally ended at the Phillip Foster Farm near Eagle Creek. From that point immigrants fanned out, taking several routes to Oregon City and beyond. One route passed this spot on the way up Gronlund Road to . . . — — Map (db m114235) HM|
|The Clowewalla (also known as the Willamette Tumwater) and Clackamas Chinooks were relocated to the Grand Ronde Reservation under the Treaty with the Kalapuya, Etc. 1855 (also known as the Willamette Valley Treaty).
The Clowewalla joined other . . . — — Map (db m114063) HM|
|When she went shortly after to her American woman friend, she told her, "They are going to take you Indian people somewhere pretty soon now." She told her, "Do not leave anything. Take along all your things with you. Put your canoe away . . . — — Map (db m114762) HM|
|"Past on twelve miles or more, took the (w)rong road and arrived at the Willammette bottoms about dark a little below the City." -- Samuel Dexter Francis, October 14, 1852
In September and October, and early November the meadows at the . . . — — Map (db m114136) HM|
|In memory of all who gave their lives for the preservation of American Freedom
Spanish American War
World War I
World War II
Harold L. Adams
Harold D. Alt
Alfred W. Anderson
Harold A. Anderson
Robert C. Baker
Herman v. . . . — — Map (db m13264) HM|
|Letters in newspapers, emigrant guide-books, and word of mouth gave counsel on overland travel. Emigrants commonly used farm wagons - simple, well-made, and utilitarian. Many were home-made or commission-built by local wagon makers. Some had custom . . . — — Map (db m114761) HM|
|When travelers arrived at the End of the Oregon Trail, they found Willamette Falls, a natural wonder that attracted both those early settlers and the Native Americans who settled here centuries earlier. For the traditional peoples, the main . . . — — Map (db m114034) HM|