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Petersburg, Virginia Historical Markers

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Mattoax Marker on River Road (facing east). image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, May 31, 2009
Mattoax Marker on River Road (facing east).
Virginia (Chesterfield County), Petersburg — O-26 — Mattoax
Mattoax was located to the south on the Appomattox River. John Randolph, Sr., built a house there in the 1770s that burned after 1810; it was the boyhood home of his son, John Randolph of Roanoke. Mattoax also was the residence of St. George Tucker, . . . — Map (db m19637) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — “A Determination That Knew No Such Word as Fail”The Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
As the Vermonters pushed closer to the Confederate fortifications, they encountered the multiple rows of obstructions specifically designed to pin down an attacking force. Here, the Confederates extracted a terrible toll on the desperate Federals, . . . — Map (db m15324) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — “A Great Struggle is Now Impending”The Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The Union high command began making preparations to attack the Confederate lines on the Boisseau Plantation shortly after the capture of the Rebels’ picket line on March 25. Final orders arrived on the afternoon of April 1 for a dawn assault the . . . — Map (db m15313) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — “Our Line of Battle was so Thin”The Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The Confederate troops who defended this portion of the works belonged to Brigadier General James H. Lane’s North Carolina Brigade. These Tarheels assumed responsibility here on March 30 after McGowan’s Brigade moved several miles west to plug a gap . . . — Map (db m15375) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — “The Cannons’ Flashes Lit Up the Terrible Scene”The Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
At various intervals along their lines, Confederate defenders constructed gun emplacements, called redans, such as the one in front of you. Each redan would hold as few as one or as many as six cannons. Virtually every square inch of ground in front . . . — Map (db m15377) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — “The Strongest Line of Works Ever Constructed”The Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The main line of entrenchments behind you was only one part of the entire defensive network established here by the Confederates. Southern soldiers removed all the trees in front of their works to create a clear field of fire. They used the wood to . . . — Map (db m15381) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — “We Fought Desperately”The Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The passage of the picket posts and abatis shattered regimental formations in the Vermont Brigade. The attack degenerated into a rush of disorganized men rather than an example of textbook tactics. Orderly Sergeant Thomas H. McCauley of the . . . — Map (db m15309) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — 1st Lieutenant Evander McNair RobesonThe Breakthrough — Pamplin Historical Park
1st Lieutenant Evander McNair Robeson Company K, 18th North Carolina Infantry, Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, Third Corps Resident: Bladen County, North Carolina Enlisted: April 1861 A comrade of Robeson’s wrote about the battle on April 2, . . . — Map (db m15325) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — 1st Lieutenant Octavius Augustus WigginsThe Breakthrough — Pamplin Historical Park
1st Lieutenant Octavius Augustus Wiggins Company E, 37th North Carolina Infantry, Lane’s Brigade, Wilcox’s Division, Third Corps Resident: Halifax County, North Carolina Enlisted: June 1862 Wiggins was wounded near here during the Breakthrough . . . — Map (db m15326) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — A Mysterious Historic FeatureThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The shallow depression in front of you marks the location of what was once a substantial dwelling. Archaeologists excavated this site in 1997 and discovered a well-preserved brick foundation and flooring. The artifacts recovered from the site . . . — Map (db m15407) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — A.P. Hill Memorial
To the memory of A.P. Hill, Lt - Gen CSA He was killed about 600 yards northwardly from this marker, being shot by a small band of stragglers from the Federal lines on the morning of April 2nd, 1865. Erected by A.P. Hill Camp Sons of Confederate . . . — Map (db m3595) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — After the Breakthrough: April 2, 1865The Banks House — Pamplin Historical Park
Following their breakthrough near the Boisseau and Hart Farms, Federal soldiers of Major General Horatio G. Wright’s Sixth Corps poured over the earthworks southwest of Petersburg and into the Confederate rear. Some Federals penetrated as far as a . . . — Map (db m15428) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Battlefield TerrainThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
This bridge spans a small branch of Arthur’s Swamp. The ravine created by this streamlet had important consequences for both the defending Confederates and the attacking Union troops. The earthen mounds immediately in front of you are the remains . . . — Map (db m15418) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Brother vs. BrotherThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
Near here, the 6th Maryland Infantry (Union) made their penetration of the Confederate fortifications. Major Clifton K. Prentiss, a 29-year-old from Baltimore, helped lead his unit in the Breakthrough only to fall wounded with a rifle ball in his . . . — Map (db m15332) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-51 — Burgess Mill
An old mill stood here, with earthworks. On October 27, 1864, General Hancock, coming from the south, attempted to cross the run here and reach the Southside Railroad. He was supported on the east by Warren's (Fifth) Corps. The Confederates, . . . — Map (db m17697) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-48 — Cattle (Beefsteak) Raid
Leaving from a point along the Confederate right flank on Boydon Plank Road on 14 Sept. 1864, Maj. Gen. Wade Hampton took about 3,000 Confederate cavalrymen and rode more than 100 miles around the rear of the Union army. Reaching Coggins’ Point on . . . — Map (db m14775) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — I-6 — Central State Hospital
Established in 1869 in temporary quarters at Howard's Grove near Richmond. In 1870 it came under control of the State. In 1885 it was moved to the present location, the site of "Mayfield Plantation", which was purchased and donated to the State by . . . — Map (db m19000) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Confederate Fort Gregg
“Men, the salvation of Lee’s army is in your keeping.” – Maj. Gen. Cadmus Wilcox to the defenders of Fort Gregg, April 2, 1865 On the afternoon of April 2, 1865, after a morning of bludgeoning attacks all along the . . . — Map (db m7749) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-82 — Confederate Fort Whitworth
Named for the Whitworth family of Mayfield, the farm on which it was built, this outpost (a quarter-mile east) and Fort Gregg, 400 yards to the south, were constructed to protect the western approaches to Petersburg during the 1864-1865 siege. On 2 . . . — Map (db m14862) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Confederate Winter HutsThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The two mounds on the lawn in front of you mark the locations of winter huts built by soldiers of Brigadier General Samuel McGowan’s South Carolina brigade during the winter of 1864-65. McGowan’s troops established several camps in this area . . . — Map (db m15410) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Confederate Winter QuartersThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
Brigadier General Samuel McGowan’s South Carolina Brigade spent the winter of 1864-1865 very close to the fortifications they defended. A temporary scarcity of building materials in the early winter compelled many of McGowan’s men to rely on their . . . — Map (db m15424) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-47 — Edge Hill
To the north stood William Turnbull's house, Edge Hill, headquarters of Gen. Robert E. Lee from 23 Nov. 1864 to 2 Apr. 1865 during the siege of Petersburg. Here, after dawn on 2 Apr., Lee learned of the Union attack that soon shattered his lines and . . . — Map (db m17547) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Field FortificationsThe Military Encampment — Pamplin Historical Park
Pamplin Historical Park has created these replica earthworks to suggest how this area might have looked during the winter of 1864-65. Both armies at Petersburg constructed long lines of field fortifications. Engineer officers used standard manuals . . . — Map (db m15427) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — First Man Over the WorksThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
In the hours, days, and years after the Breakthrough, many Union soldiers boasted that they or their regiment were the first troops to capture the Confederate works on the morning of April 2. Darkness, the chaos of the attack, and the wide Federal . . . — Map (db m15311) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Fort Conahey
“This fort has cost more labour than any other, has afforded an admirable lesson in engineering, and is one of the sights to show to strangers. Further than this I doubt the value of its elaborateness.” - Col. Charles . . . — Map (db m7861) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Fort Gregg
Fort Gregg Confederate Defense Line Apr. 2, 1865 ———— Erected Apr. 2, 1914 By A.P. Hill Camp S.C.V. — Map (db m7751) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-50 — Hatcher's Run
Lee's right wing was defended by earthworks on this stream, here and to the east. These works were unsuccessfully attacked by Union forces, February 5-7, 1865. On the morning of April 2, 1865, they were stormed by Union troops. — Map (db m17696) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — History of the Banks HouseThe Banks House — Pamplin Historical Park
This upper middle-class dwelling is one of the earliest surviving structures in Dinwiddie County. Unfortunately, the name of original builder has been lost to time. The architectural evidence suggests that the house evolved in four phases between . . . — Map (db m11974) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Kitchen and Servants HallTudor Hall Plantation
The design of this building is typical of slave quarters built on Virginia plantations during the 1840s and 1850s. Each side provided space for one slave family, with a room downstairs for living and working and a loft for sleeping. The right side . . . — Map (db m15444) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Kitchen GardenTudor Hall Plantation
A nineteenth-century kitchen garden of one acre, about the size of a football field, could be maintained by one person and provide produce for 10-15 people. The management of the kitchen garden generally fell to the women of the household. The . . . — Map (db m15451) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Lieutenant Colonel George B. DamonThe Breakthrough — Pamplin Historical Park
Lieutenant Colonel George B. Damon 10th Vermont Infantry, 1st Brigade, 3rd Division (Seymour), Sixth Corps Resident: Newbury, Vermont Enlisted: August 1862 Colonel Damon’s regiment, the 10th Vermont Infantry, struck the Confederate trenches . . . — Map (db m15339) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Lieutenant Colonel Ronald A. KennedyThe Breakthrough — Pamplin Historical Park
Lieutenant Colonel Ronald A. Kennedy 5th Vermont Infantry, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division (Getty), Sixth Corps Resident: Concord, Vermont Enlisted: June 18, 1861 Kennedy and his men passed this very spot during their attack on April 2, 1865. He . . . — Map (db m15329) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — McGowan’s South Carolina BrigadeThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
Brigadier General Samuel McGowan, a 43-year-old lawyer and politician from Abbeville, South Carolina, commanded the troops responsible for maintaining these fortifications from October 1864 through March 1865. McGowan’s Brigade consisted of five . . . — Map (db m15413) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War SoldierLee's Retreat — April 2, 1865
Here, the Union’s Sixth Army Corps broke through the Confederate line defending Petersburg, causing a series of actions which eventually led to the evacuation of the city by Lee’s army that evening. Nearby, Confederate General A.P. Hill was killed . . . — Map (db m6080) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Petersburg BattlefieldsThe Union Line
"We have set what we call Johnny catchers ... long poles set into the ground with the upper end about as high as a man's head and they are so thick that a rabbit could not crawl through."—Corp. Andrew W. Burwell, 5th Wisconsin . . . — Map (db m85884) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Petersburg BattlefieldsLife between the Picket Lines
"When a man is on picket at night he is monarch of all he surveys. No one living has more absolute power than he. His word is law."—Corp. Lewis Bissell, 2nd Connecticut Heavy Artillery, USA "I have seen veterans of three full . . . — Map (db m85913) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Petersburg BattlefieldsContested Ground
From here at Fort Welch, you can see the ground over which soldiers struggled during three distinct battles. On October 2, 1864, Federals advanced across the ground to your left in an attempt to capture the key Confederate intermediate supply route, . . . — Map (db m85935) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Petersburg BattlefieldsThe Campaign for Petersburg
“The charge of Major-Gen. Wright’s veterans under cover of the darkness and mist … will forever live in history as one of the grandest and most sublime actions of the war.”—Sgt. Newton J. Terrill, 14th New Jersey . . . — Map (db m89714) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — 15 — Petersburg State Colony for the Negro InsanePetersburg, Virginia — Dinwiddie County
In 1938 the Virginia Assembly chartered a residential care facility for mentally retarded African-American males between 8 and 21 years of age. The Petersburg State Colony for the Negro Insane, as it was named, was located on the present site of . . . — Map (db m23455) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Sergeant John E. BuffingtonThe Breakthrough — Pamplin Historical Park
Sergeant John E. Buffington 6th Maryland Infantry, 2nd Brigade, 3rd Division (Seymour), Sixth Corps Resident: Carroll County, Maryland Enlisted: August 1862 Sergeant John Ezra Buffington, with five other men of his regiment, stormed the . . . — Map (db m15379) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Grant's Eighth OffensiveApril 2-3, 1865 Fall of Petersburg and Richmond
With the Confederate defeat at Five Forks on April 1, 1865, Confederate general Robert E. Lee's defense of Petersburg and Richmond had been lost. On April 2, Union General Ulysses S. Grant ordered a general assault against the Petersburg lines and . . . — Map (db m78094) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Grant's Fifth OffensiveSeptember 29 - October 2, 1864 Battle of Peebles' Farm
Throughout the summer of 1864 Union General Ulysses S. Grant made several unsuccessful assaults against the Confederate defenses around Richmond and Petersburg. Then, in the fall of 1864, the Union won decisive victories on other fronts of the war. . . . — Map (db m78095) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Sixth Maryland Infantry Monument
The Sixth Maryland Infantry attacked over this ground in the pre-dawn hours of April 2, 1865. A portion of the regiment, led by Major Clifton K. Prentiss, poured over the Confederate works here, suffering numerous casualties in the process, . . . — Map (db m48443) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Attack BeginsThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
Major General Horatio G. Wright deployed the 14,000 attackers of his Sixth Corps in a wedge-shaped formation. Although the entire battle front extended for nearly a mile, the point of the wedge was here, manned by the Vermont Brigade commanded by . . . — Map (db m15307) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Banks HousePamplin Historical Park
Welcome to the Banks House. This 18th-century home was typical of other upper-middle class farms in Dinwiddie County, except for 24 hours on April 2-3, 1865 when it became military headquarters for Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant. From here, . . . — Map (db m11944) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of Fort Whitworth
This battery, also known as Fort Baldwin, Alexander or Anderson was garrisoned by the 19th & 48th Mississippi Infantry of Brig. Genl. Nathaniel Harris’s brigade. They were initially supported by guns of Louisiana’s Washington Artillery but these . . . — Map (db m14863) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of Harmon RoadThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
On the final day of the Battle of Peebles’ Farm, October 2, 1864, Union troops of Brigadier General Gershom Mott’s Third Division, Second Army Corps, moved against the Confederate breastworks at the Hart Farm. Mott had orders to determine if the . . . — Map (db m15397) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadThe Walking Trail
Welcome to the Civil War Preservation Trust’s White Oak Road Battlefield! The battlefield walking trail is a two-thirds-of-a-mile path that takes you past six wayside signs interpreting the 1865 battle, the remains of the Confederate earthworks, and . . . — Map (db m14795) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadFour Years of War, Ten Months of Siege
It was March 1865. The Civil War had raged across battlefields from New Mexico to Pennsylvania for four desperate years. More than three million men had fought and more than 600,000 men had died but, finally, the war was winding to a close. The . . . — Map (db m14797) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadThe Battle of Lewis Farm
General Grant wanted to force his way around the Confederate right flank and cut the last remaining supply lines into Petersburg. The offensive began on March 29, 1865. Union Major General Philip H. Sheridan’s cavalry moved towards Dinwiddie Court . . . — Map (db m14805) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadMoving into Position
With their success at Lewis Farm, Union troops gained a foothold on one of Lee’s supply routes, the Boydton Plank Road. It was strategically necessary for the Federals to control this road because it was a major route Confederate General Robert E. . . . — Map (db m14807) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadMarch 31, 1865
Early on the morning of March 31, 1865, Confederate General Robert E. Lee sent most of a division forward to attack the Federals from this location at White Oak Road. Fighting through the morning, the Confederate brigades enveloped and put to flight . . . — Map (db m14811) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadThe Union Counterattack
As the fight progressed, the Confederates met stiffening resistance. Lee and his subordinates realized they had too few troops to hold their advanced position. They determined to withdraw to the slight earthworks constructed by the Federal soldiers . . . — Map (db m14813) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Battle of White Oak RoadBreaking the Line
The Battle of White Oak Road left the Federals in position to block Confederate reinforcements from reaching their comrades further west. Both the Battle of White Oak Road and the Battle of Dinwiddie Court House were preludes to the climactic April . . . — Map (db m14816) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Big HouseTudor Hall Plantation — Pamplin Historical Park
This landscape re-creates elements of a typical Southside Virginia plantation during the mid-nineteenth century. Tudor Hall, an original nineteenth-century building, was at the center of a farm that supported the owner, his family, and their slaves. . . . — Map (db m15438) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Boisseau Family CemeteryTudor Hall Plantation
Many nineteenth-century Virginians buried deceased family members near their homes rather than in distant church yards. While we do not know when this cemetery was established, the only grave marker on this property belonged to Martha Eliza T. . . . — Map (db m15450) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The BreakthroughThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
On the evening of April 1, 1865, Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant issued orders for a massive attack against the Confederate lines defending Petersburg. Grant scheduled the assault for the following morning. In the pre-dawn darkness of April 2, . . . — Map (db m15376) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Breakthrough
Colonel Olcott and his regiment crossed the entrenchments about 350 yards to the northeast of this position (to your right) during their attack on April 2, 1865. His experience was similar to that of the Vermont troops who fought on this ground: . . . — Map (db m89712) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Breakthrough at Hart FarmThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
“… after going through a leaden and war hail storm, thanks to the God of Battles, I am alive and happy. Our Corps charged the enemy’s lines last night, broke their line and drove them out of sight … I never felt more like fighting than I . . . — Map (db m15390) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Breakthrough TrailPamplin Historical Park
A walk along the Breakthrough Trail is a journey into history! On April 2, 1865, thousands of Union and Confederate soldiers clashed here to determine the fate of Petersburg and Richmond. The Breakthrough Trail leads past many original features of . . . — Map (db m15393) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Civil War YearsThe Banks House — Pamplin Historical Park
“Christmas has come and gone. I spent it at Mrs. Banks’ where I had quite a sumptuous repast, finishing up with eggnog, cake, etc. I ate so much sponge cake that whenever you would touch me, it would be just like squeezing an India rubber . . . — Map (db m11949) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Confederate CounterattackThe Breakthrough Trail
Once the sixth Corps completed its Breakthrough, corps commander Horatio wright ordered seven of his eight brigades to pivot southwest and move against the remaining Confederate defenses north of Hatcher’s Run. Wright assigned just one brigade, . . . — Map (db m89713) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Confederate FortificationsThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
The earthen wall in front of you is a part of the main Confederate defense line begun in 1864 and defended until April 2, 1865. You are standing behind the line facing southeast towards the Union positions about one mile away. When Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m15415) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Hart FarmThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
This extension of The Breakthrough Trail leads to the historic Hart House, a ten minute walk from here. The trail parallels the Confederate earthworks that extended across the Boisseau farm (Tudor Hall) to the neighboring Hart farm to the southwest. . . . — Map (db m15399) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Hart HouseThe Breakthrough Trail — Pamplin Historical Park
Charles H. Carr, a native of New York, purchased twenty acres from the Boisseaus of Tudor Hall in March 1859. He began construction of the house in front of you shortly afterwards. Carr died in July 1862 while enlisted in the Confederate army. In . . . — Map (db m15404) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Kitchen QuarterThe Banks House — Pamplin Historical Park
The building before you is a rare example of an original slave quarter. Milled lumber and the exclusive use of cut nails suggests that it was built around 1840 to provide two slave families with a workroom and an overhead loft for storage or . . . — Map (db m11956) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Largest Fort
Fort Fisher was the largest of the more than 30 forts that studded the Union siege lines. It included nearly 2,000 feet of parapet and could mount 19 guns. The boom of a single gun in this fort on the morning of April 2, 1865, portended the fall of . . . — Map (db m7862) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Military LandscapePamplin Historical Park
Did you know the end of the American Civil War started here? On the morning of April 2, 1865 you would have been standing near the center of the battle that decided the nine-month campaign for Petersburg and Richmond. In the pre-dawn . . . — Map (db m69934) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Petersburg Railroad
The Petersburg Railroad, sometimes called the Weldon Railroad, united Petersburg with Weldon, North Carolina. It was one of the first railroads in America, beginning operations in 1833. It carried vast amounts of cargo and passengers to and from . . . — Map (db m7952) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — The Plantaton LandscapePamplin Historical Park
Life was a lot simpler back then…or was it? You are standing near the center of a once successful and productive mid-19th century farm. To your right is the main house, Tudor Hall, built in two stages before the Civil War. When the armies arrived . . . — Map (db m69928) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Tobacco BarnTudor Hall Plantation
Nineteenth-century farmers cut tobacco plants and placed them on sticks to be cured in tobacco barns like this one. Curing, a four-week process, preserves plants by removing moisture, and brings out the aroma and flavor. Farmers in Dinwiddie County . . . — Map (db m15449) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Tudor HallTudor Hall Plantation
William Boisseau, a tobacco farmer, constructed Tudor Hall around 1812. Originally two rooms wide and one room deep, this style of house was popular in Dinwiddie County during the late 1700s and early 1800s. In the 1850s Joseph G. Boisseau, . . . — Map (db m15441) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Tudor Hall BarnTudor Hall Plantation
This building is a reproduction of a nineteenth-century barn located in Isle of Wright County, Virginia. Tidewater and Piedmont farmers constructed numerous small, inexpensive barns to support their work. Virginia’s mild climate made it unnecessary . . . — Map (db m15442) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — Tudor Hall Field QuarterTudor Hall Plantation — Pamplin Historical Park
The environment in front of you recreates elements of a plantation Field Quarter of the 1800s. The slaves who provided agricultural labor on farms like Tudor Hall lived in areas like this in the years before the Civil War. The first slave dwelling . . . — Map (db m15456) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-49 — Where Hill Fell
In the field a short distance north of this road, the confederate General A.P. Hill was killed, April 2, 1865. Hill, not knowing that Lee's lines had been broken, rode into a party of Union soldiers advancing on Petersburg. — Map (db m3594) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-52 — White Oak Road
The extreme right of Lee’s line rested on this road, which was entrenched. General Warren, advancing against Lee’s works here, March 31, 1865, was driven back. Reinforced, Warren advanced again, forcing the Confederates to retire to the road. On it, . . . — Map (db m14776) HM
Virginia (Dinwiddie County), Petersburg — S-81 — White Oak Road Engagement31 March 1865
Union forces belonging to the V Corps, under Maj. Gen. Gouverneur K. Warren, sought to seize the White Oak Road and sever the Confederate line of communication with Maj. Gen. George E. Pickett’s detachment near Five Forks, four miles west. From here . . . — Map (db m14792) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — “A Splendid Charge”
Here at Petersburg on June 15, 1864, African-American troops recorded their first major success of the war in Virginia. “They made a splendid charge…and won great favor in the eyes of white soldiers by their courage and . . . — Map (db m7075) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — “A Stupendous Failure”
“It is agreed that the thing was a perfect success, except that it did not succeed.” - Major Charles F. Adams, Jr., USA The explosion cleared the Union path to Petersburg. But instead of pushing through, the first waves of Union . . . — Map (db m7061) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — A Fatal Error
A division of African-American troops in Burnside’s Ninth Corps was to have led the attack that followed the explosion of the mine. But just hours before the assault, Union army commander George G. Meade changed the plan. The result: chaos and . . . — Map (db m7052) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — A Final Effort
Desperate to relieve the Union noose strangling Petersburg, on March 25, 1865, General Lee used pre-dawn darkness and stealth to pierce the Union Line here at Fort Steadman. “We were very much elated at first, as we thought we had won a . . . — Map (db m7035) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — A.P. Hill Death Site
Spot where A. P. Hill was killed. — Map (db m63392) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — African-Americans in Petersburg
The Petersburg area has an extraordinarily rich African-American heritage. In 1625, most of the Africans in Virginia were servants at Flowerdew Hundred, nearby in Prince George County. In the 18th century, tens of thousands of newly enslaved . . . — Map (db m57366) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Appomattox River Heritage Trail
Trail Sites 1. Pocahontas: In 1784, four small towns at the convergence of three counties (Pocahontas in Chesterfield, Blandford in Prince George, and Petersburg and Ravenscroft in Dinwiddie) were combined and incorporated as . . . — Map (db m66952) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Architectural Heritage
Petersburg’s architectural heritage has a long and rich history, reflecting centuries of occupation by Native Americans and over 300 years of European settlement. Beginning as a frontier trading post with the Virginia Indians, Fort Henry was . . . — Map (db m57338) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Artillery at Petersburg
"The campaign became quite scientific, so that after the first few weeks, we learned to tell by the sound the nature of every missile that passed over us, and knew which ones to dodge. The mortar shells had the most terror for us. The ordinary . . . — Map (db m14602) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Arts & Recreation
Petersburg is in the midst of a downtown renaissance, fueled by the arts and driven by the creative spirit of the community. Historically a center of culture and trade for the region, Petersburg’s abundant natural resources and rich history are . . . — Map (db m57369) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-9 — Battersea
Battersea was the home of Colonel John Banister, a member of the House of Burgesses, the Revolutionary conventions, and the Continental Congress, as well as a framer of the Articles of Confederation and the first mayor of Petersburg. The elegant but . . . — Map (db m17624) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 31Confederate Defense Line
Part of the original Confederate defense line constructed in 1862 – 1863. On April 2, 1865, the battery located in this position took part in stopping a heavy Union attack at Fort Mahone, one third of a mile east. Severe fighting continued . . . — Map (db m17504) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 45
Salient of Confederate Line Siege of Petersburg ---------- Erected Apr. 2, 1914 By A.P. Hill Camp S.C.V. — Map (db m7994) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 5 of the Dimmock Line
In 1862 – two years before the first Federals appeared at the city’s gates – Confederate Captain Charles Dimmock oversaw the construction of a ten-mile line of defensive works ringing Petersburg. In front of you is Battery 5 one of the . . . — Map (db m6899) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 5 Trail
On the ground before you the first major attacks against Petersburg occurred. This bloodletting marked the beginning of nine months of siege. This 0.6-mile trail will take you through Battery 5 of the Confederate Dimmock Line, captured by the . . . — Map (db m14601) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battery 8 of the Dimmock Line
On June 15, 1864, after seizing Battery 5, Union troops swept southward along the Dimmock Line. Men of the 1st and 22nd Colored Troops captured Battery 8, overcoming heavy resistance from part of Brig. Gen. Henry A. Wise’s Virginia brigade. By the . . . — Map (db m7029) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-12 — Battle of Petersburg
Here was fought the Battle of Petersburg, April 25, 1781. The Southside Militia, 1000 strong and commanded by Baron Steuben and General Muhlenberg, made a brave resistance to 2500 British Regulars under Phillips and Arnold. — Map (db m6540) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battle of Petersburg
From Blandford Heights to Pocahontas Bridge April 25, 1781 Here was fought the opening engagement of the decisive campaign of the revolution. 1000 American militia under Steuben, Muhlenberg, Dick and House opposed 2500 British under Phillips, . . . — Map (db m6543) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-20 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — Artillery Position
On 25 Apr. 1781, Maj. Gen. Friedrich von Steuben’s 1,000 Virginia militiamen, driven from the eastern edge of Blandford, established a strong defensive line along the western summit (now Madison Street) above Lieutenant Run valley. Maj. Gen. William . . . — Map (db m14546) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-21 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — British Line of Attack
On 24 Apr. 1781, Maj. Gen. William Phillips’s force of 2,500 British regulars landed at City Point, 12 miles to the east on the James River, as part of a major campaign to disrupt the American force’s main line of communication through Virginia. The . . . — Map (db m14552) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-24 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — Flanking Movement
About midday on 25 April 1781, Maj. Gen. William Phillips discovered that the right flank of the American militia, on the edge of Blandford was vulnerable to attack from the south and rear. He ordered Lt. Col. John Simcoe’s Queen’s Rangers and a . . . — Map (db m14558) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-22 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — East Hill
To the west stood East Hill (Bollingbrook), home of the widow Mary Marshall Tabb Bolling. After the 25 Apr. 1781 Battle of Petersburg, British Maj. Gen. William Phillips and Brig. Gen. Benedict Arnold located their headquarters at the house. The . . . — Map (db m17633) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-23 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — First Line Of Defense
On 25 Apr. 1781, American Brig. Gen. Peter Muhlenberg formed his first line of 500 Virginia militia here to meet the British. The line extended along East Street from the Appomattox River to present-day Washington Street and consisted of two . . . — Map (db m17634) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-25 — Battle of Petersburg25 April 1781 — Second Line Of Defense
On 25 Apr. 1781, American Brig. Gen. Peter Muhlenberg’s Virginia militia fell back west from Blandford, under heavy British fire, to a prepared line of defense here along the crest of this hill. This second line of Virginia militia, consisting of . . . — Map (db m17635) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Battle of the Crater - Covered Way
At this place located by participants in the Battle of the Crater, this road, known as the Jerusalem Plank Road, was crossed by a covered way leading eastwardly to the ravine in rear of the Confederate breastworks which run northwardly from . . . — Map (db m17579) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-31 — Bishop Payne Divinity School
The Bishop Payne Divinity School began here in 1878 at the St. Stephen's Episcopal Church Normal and Industrial School. For 71 years it prepared black men for the ministry in the church. Giles B. Cooke (1838-1937) headed the vocational school and . . . — Map (db m74017) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Blandford ChurchIn Harm’s Way
This church, built circa 1737, was in ruins at the time of the Civil War. Nonetheless, located behind Gracie’s, Colquitt’s and Elliott’s Salients in the Confederate defense lines, the structure served as a temporary field hospital during the . . . — Map (db m6516) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-11 — Blandford Church and Cemetery
The brick church on Well’s Hill, now known as Old Blandford Church, was built between 1734 and 1737, the British General Phillips was buried in the churchyard in 1781. In the cemetery is a monument to Captain McRae and the Petersburg Volunteers, who . . . — Map (db m6538) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-8 — Bollingbrook Hotel
After a fire destroyed John Niblo's tavern in 1827, Niblo assembled a group of investors who constructed on this site in 1828 the three-story Bollingbrook Hotel, attributed to Otis Manson. The hotel became known as "one of the best taverns in the . . . — Map (db m17130) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Campbell's BridgeVital Crossing — Lee's Retreat
When General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia began its retreat from Petersburg and Richmond on the evening of April 2, 1865, part of the army crossed the Appomattox River at Campbell's Bridge here. Other columns crossed the river on three . . . — Map (db m14593) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — City Sights
Petersburg. Appamattuck Indian Fish Traps, Appomattox River near Old Town. Considered to be the largest and most intact fish dams in Virginia, these sturgeon dams are made of loose stones forming a series of v-shaped tunnels by . . . — Map (db m57324) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Col. George W. Gowen Monument
Erected by the surviving Comrades, school children and Citizens of Schuylkill County, Pennsylvania, and dedicated to The memory of the dead of The 48th Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers. Col. George W. Gowen, Killed in . . . — Map (db m17528) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Colquitt’s Salient
On June 18 1864 the Confederates on this hill repulsed the charge of the First Maine Regiment On March 25 1865 from this salient General John B. Gordon led a body of picked men to surprise and capture Fort Steadman — Map (db m37414) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Colquitt’s Salient Trail
The Colquitt’s Salient loop trail will lead you over ground involved with two of the most dramatic events of the Siege of Petersburg. On the walk to Colquitt’s Salient, you will shadow the advance of the 1st Maine Heavy Artillery during its . . . — Map (db m37410) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Concrete Bunker
This monument stone sits on a 10’ deep concrete bunker that was discovered during construction, together with portions of an abandoned railroad track. The bunker was used to store coal for the furnaces in the large buildings which once stood on the . . . — Map (db m48485) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Battery 6
This battery fell to the Union forces on June 15, 1864. — Map (db m14618) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Counterattack
“I counted 21 Union flags flying from the Crater and these works. The sight gave me no hope of ever getting away alive.” - Capt. James E. Phillips, 12th Virginia Infantry Union disorganization gave the Confederates the time they . . . — Map (db m7062) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Confederate Countermine
Suspecting a Union mine, the Confederates dug two listening galleries here. They narrowly missed striking the Union tunnel, which was deeper. The depressions you see were caused by the cave-in of these galleries. — Map (db m37417) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-26 — Corling's Corner
By the 1820s, Petersburg was developing into a major industrial city. The backbone of the city's workforce was enslaved labor. At this highly visible downtown intersection known as Corling's Corner, local manufacturers, railroad companies, building . . . — Map (db m17640) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — S-43 — Cottage Farm
A little north stood the McIlwaine home, Lee's field headquarters whence on the afternoon of April 2, 1865, the evacuation of Richmond and Petersburg was ordered. Upon issuing the order Lee granted leave to his only staff officer to go to Richmond . . . — Map (db m17555) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Courthouse
This Greek Revival building was constructed between 1838 and 1840 and designed by New York architect Calvin Pollard as the city’s Husting’s Courthouse. The term “hustings” derives from a British form of court system loosely in place in . . . — Map (db m17656) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Crater of Mine
Excavated by The 48th Regt. Penn. Vet. Vol. Inf. Burnside's 9th Corps, July 30, 1864. — Map (db m37416) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Dash into the Crater4:45 a.m. - 6:00 a.m.
On the morning of July 30th, 1864, the Union high command became anxious as to why the mine under the Confederate position, had not been sprung. While General Meade was sending dispatches to General Burnside asking when the mine would detonate, at . . . — Map (db m80572) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Defending Fort Haskell
Daylight on March 25, 1865, brought furious fighting to Fort Haskell. “Our thin line mounted the banquette – the wounded and sick loading the muskets, while those with sound hands stood to the parapets and blazed away.” . . . — Map (db m7032) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Dictator
Sept. 1864: “…the enemy frequently shoot very large shells into Petersburg & do some damage to buildings, but the people are getting used to it, so they don’t mind them….” - A.I.P. Varin 2nd Mississippi Famous but militarily . . . — Map (db m6896) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Digging the Mine
“We could blow that damn fort out of existence if we could run a mine shaft under it.” - A private of the 48th Pennsylvania June 23, 1864 Spurred by the offhand suggestion of a former coal miner, on June 25, 1864, Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m7067) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Dividing Point
Twice during the Siege of Petersburg, Harrison’s Creek became a dividing point between contending armies. June 15, 1864 After being driven out of the Dimmock Line, the outnumbered Confederate defenders of Petersburg formed a new line on . . . — Map (db m7030) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — 12 — Earliest Known Public High School for African Americans in VirginiaPetersburg, Virginia
Petersburg established a public school system in 1868, two years before the state’s mandate. Colored Elementary School #1 was conducted in the old church building of the African Baptist Church, which stood to your left. The building had been . . . — Map (db m26011) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — S-76 — Early English Exploration
In 1650 Fort Henry, now Petersburg, marked the western and southern extent of English settlement in, and knowledge of, Virginia. On 27 Aug. 1650, Edward Bland, merchant and land speculator, and Abraham Wood, frontier militia commander, left Fort . . . — Map (db m1994) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-13 — East Hill
On the hilltop to the south is the site of East Hill, also known as Bollingbrook. There the British General Phillips, Benedict Arnold and Lord Cornwallis stayed in April and May, 1781. The house was bombarded by Lafayette, May 10, 1781. There . . . — Map (db m14565) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fight for the Weldon Railroad
After failing to bludgeon his way into Petersburg in June and July, Grant decided to strangle the city instead. His plan: cut the railroads into Petersburg - cut the Confederate's lifelines. On August 18, Maj. Gen. Gouverneur Warren's Union Fifth . . . — Map (db m78952) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — First Battle of PetersburgKautz’s Effort Stopped Here — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
In May 1864, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant launched attacks on Confederate armies across the South. He accompanied Gen. George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac as it fought Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor. . . . — Map (db m14569) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — First Maine Heavy Artillery Monument
(front) Maine. First Heavy Artillery in memory of 604 brave members who fell charging here June 18, 1864 Union Maine - Virginia Peace (rear) Members of the First Maine Heavy Artillery who were . . . — Map (db m37412) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-1 — Folly Castle
This house was the town home of Peter Jones, who built it in 1763. It was called "Folly Castle" because it was a large house for a childless man, but Jones later had offspring. Major Erasmus Gill, Revolutionary soldier, also lived here. . . . — Map (db m17613) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-15 — Formation of the Southern Methodist Church
One block west stood the Union Street Methodist Church, completed in 1820. There was held the first general conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church South, May 1-23, 1846. At this meeting the Southern Methodist Church, which had separated from . . . — Map (db m17626) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort DavisUnion Stronghold
After four days of unsuccessful trying to capture Petersburg by direct assault on June 15-18, 1864, Gen. U.S. Grant’s Union army began siege operations against the city. Grant’s immediate objective was to cut one of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s supply . . . — Map (db m5824) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Davis
On this site in June, 1864 General U.S. Grant gained control of the Jerusalem Plank Road. — Map (db m14658) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort HaysA Silent Witness
The land on which Fort Hays is built was fought over on June 22, 1864, when the Union army first attempted to cut one of Lee’s vital rail supply lines, the Petersburg Railroad (usually called the Weldon Railroad) located about three miles west. . . . — Map (db m3765) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-6 — Fort Henry
Four blocks north is the traditional site of Fort Henry, established under the Act of 1645. In 1646 the fort was leased by Abraham Wood. From it, in 1650, Wood and Edmund Bland set out on an exploring expedition; and, in 1671, Batts and Fallam on . . . — Map (db m17623) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Stedman
It is quite interesting to see a fort going up. The men work in the manner of bees. The mass throw the earth; the engineer soldiers do the ‘rivetting,’ that is, the interior facing the logs. The engineer sergeants run about with tapes and stakes, . . . — Map (db m7031) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Stedman
In the last grand offensive movement of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, Fort Stedman, with adjacent works, was captured at 4:30 A.M., March 25, 1865, by a well selected body of Confederates, under the command of General John B. Gordon. An advance . . . — Map (db m7033) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Fort Wadsworth
Built following the Battle of the Weldon Railroad in August 1864, Fort Wadsworth anchored the extreme left of the Union siege lines for more than a month. It secured the the Union grip on the Petersburg & Weldon Railroad - a major Confederate supply . . . — Map (db m14673) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-7 — General Lee's Headquarters
Three blocks north and a half a block west is the Beasley House where General Robert E. Lee had his second headquarters in 1864 during the siege of Petersburg. He moved thence to Edge Hill to be in closer touch with his right wing. . . . — Map (db m17544) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-2 — Golden Ball Tavern
Here stood a dwelling house, constructed about 1764 by prosperous tobacco merchant, Richard Hanson, who, as a fervent Loyalist, fled Virginia in 1776. During the latter part of the Revolution, the structure became known as the Golden Ball Tavern. . . . — Map (db m17618) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-19 — Grace Episcopal Church
The third home of Grace Church, a brick Gothic Revival-style building, stood on this site from 1859 to 1960. The congregation was founded in 1841 by Dr. Churchhill Jones Gibson, rector until 1892. In 1928 a majority of the members, led by the . . . — Map (db m17632) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Gracie’s Salient
This salient named for Brig.-Genl. Archibald Gracie of Alabama, faced the Federal Forts Stedman and Haskell and was successfully held by the Confederates during the entire siege of Petersburg. — Map (db m37415) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-16 — Graham Road
On June 9, 1864, Kautz's Union cavalry, 1300 men, after overwhelming Archer's militia, one mile south, moved westward on this road to attack the city. Upon the hillside, one mile west, they were repulsed by the battery of Captain Edward Graham, and . . . — Map (db m17627) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-17 — Graham Road
Upon this site, on June 9, 1864, Captain Edward Graham, commanding two guns of the Petersburg Artillery, repulsed the attack of Kautz's cavalry, 1300 men. And by this gallant defense the city was saved. Later the Union forces were driven to retreat . . . — Map (db m17628) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Hagood’s BrigadeA.N.V. — C.S.A.
Here a brigade composed of the 7th battalion, the 11th, 21st, 25th and 27th regiments South Carolina Volunteers, commanded by Brig. Gen. Johnson Hagood, charged Warren’s Federal Army Corps, on the 21st day of August 1864, taking into the fight 749 . . . — Map (db m7954) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Hare House Site
About this house swirled the tide of battle on June 18, 1864, and during “Lee’s Last Grand Offensive,” March 25, 1865. — Map (db m37411) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Infantry Earthworks
“Attacking entrenchments has been tried so often and with such fearful losses that even the stupidest private now knows that it cannot succeed, and the natural consequence follows; the men will not try it. The very sight of a bank of earth . . . — Map (db m7085) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Jordon Family Cemetery
Buried with his parents are Josiah Jordan, his wife, Mary and four of their children - Watson, 10 months, Laura, 3 years, Charles, 4 months, and Lemuel, 24 years. This land was Josiah's farm at the time of the siege. — Map (db m14617) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-36 — Joseph Cotten(1905-1994)
Joseph Cotten, actor, was born in Petersburg. At school he excelled in football and on the stage. He appeared in several Broadway productions during the 1930s and joined Orson Welles’s Mercury Theater company. Cotten made his film debut in 1941 . . . — Map (db m102266) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Joseph Jenkins Roberts
[Southwest face:] Resident of Petersburg 1815-1829 First President of the Republic of Liberia 1848-1855 + 1871-1876 [Northeast face:] Joseph Jenkins Roberts worked on Union Street, about 100 yards northwest of here. . . . — Map (db m16004) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-33 — Joshua L. Chamberlain Promoted “On The Spot”
In this vicinity on 18 June 1864 Col. Joshua L. Chamberlain received a near-fatal wound while leading a Union brigade in a charge against Confederate works defending Petersburg. Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant promoted him to Brig. Gen. of Vols. “on . . . — Map (db m79063) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Ladies Confederate Hospital
Original building of the Ladies Confederate Hospital 1862—1865 — Map (db m48466) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lest We Forget
. . . — Map (db m17642) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lincoln In PetersburgLast Meeting
After Union forces secured Petersburg on April 3, 1865, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant established his headquarters here at the Thomas Wallace House. He sent word to President Abraham Lincoln at City Point that Petersburg had fallen and invited Lincoln to . . . — Map (db m48442) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lincoln In PetersburgPresidential Visit to Centre Hill
At noon on April 7, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln and his party left City Point for Petersburg in a special train on the newly repaired City Point Railroad, arriving in the city half an hour later. His wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and their young son, . . . — Map (db m48656) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Lincoln In PetersburgTears at Fort Mahone
On the morning of April 3, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln awoke at City Point to the news that Petersburg had fallen just hours before. He immediately arranged to visit the city and meet with Gen. Ulysses S. Grant that morning. Lincoln and his . . . — Map (db m48662) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Mahone
To the memory of William Mahone Major General C.S.A. A distinguished Confederate commander, whose valor and strategy at the Battle of the Crater, July 30, 1864 won for himself and his gallant brigade undying fame. A citizen of Petersburg, Virginia, . . . — Map (db m6752) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Mahone’s Brigade
This stone marks the approximately the extreme right of Mahone’s Brigade Virginia Volunteers when it captured the Confederate Breastworks on the 30th of July, 1864. Placed by the Petersburg Chapter U.D.C. November 1910. — Map (db m7034) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Major Peter Jones
Site of Trading Station of Major Peter Jones. About 1675. Owner of Peters Point. Afterwards Petersburg. Frances Bland Randolph Chapter D.A.R. 1909. — Map (db m17641) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Massachusetts
(Front):In memory of the soldiers and sailors from Massachusetts who lost their lives in the armies of the Potomac and James in various battles in Virginia 1861 - 1865 This monument erected by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts (Back): . . . — Map (db m14619) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — McKenney House
The McKenney House was originally constructed as a residence for Mayor John Dodson in 1859. It was the residence of Confederate General William Mahone after the Civil War. The property was purchased by William R. McKenney in early 1911. The McKenney . . . — Map (db m17652) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — 13 — McKenney LibraryPetersburg, Virginia
Petersburg's main public library, the William R. McKenney Library, is housed in a fine dwelling constructed in 1859 by John Dodson, a prominent lawyer and mayor of Petersburg. After the Civil War, the Confederate General and railroad magnate . . . — Map (db m20609) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Monotonous Toil
“The romance of a soldier’s life disappears in a siege. The change of scenery and the lively marches are gone, and the same monotonous unvaried rounds of toil take their place. Sunday and weekday are all alike.” T.M. Blythe 50th . . . — Map (db m7079) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — North Carolina Confederate Hospital
Site of the Confederate Hospital for soldiers from North Carolina 1861-1865 — Map (db m48468) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — ObstructionsThe Military Encampment — Pamplin Historical Park
Obstructions, like the reproductions displayed here, played an important role in Civil War field fortifications. These obstacles broke the forward momentum of assaulting troops and maximized and attacker’s exposure to the defenders’ fire. . . . — Map (db m69935) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Old Market Square
Appomattox Point & the Indian Trade In the 1600s, just north of the present day market, the Appomattox River took a sharp turn around a horn of land known as Appomattox Point. The Quaker Indian traders Robert Hix and John Evans set up a . . . — Map (db m57327) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Old Men and Boys of Petersburg
This stone marks the spot where the Old Men and Boys of Petersburg under Gen. R.E. Colston and Col. F.H. Archer 125 strong on June 9th, 1864 distinguished themselves in a fight with 1300 Federal cavalry under Gen. Kautz gaining time for the . . . — Map (db m17521) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Old U.S. Customs House & Post Office
Built of Petersburg granite and constructed between 1856 and 1860, the U.S. Customs House and Post Office was designed by Ammi B. Young, architect of the U.S. Treasury Department building in Washington D.C. The decision to add the third story was . . . — Map (db m17653) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Opportunity Lost
“At that hour, Petersburg was clearly at the mercy of the Federal commander, who had all but captured it.” - Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, CSA Confederate Commander, June 15, 1864 “Deeming that I held important points of the . . . — Map (db m6900) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pamplin Historical Park
Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum of the Civil War Soldier “Walk along these fortifications, take the time to learn something about the story of what happened here, use the museum to understand who these men were, and the . . . — Map (db m57351) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pamplin Historical ParkThe Bivouac Monument
Pamplin Historical Park & The National Museum Of the Civil War Soldier Base of Sculpture: My Thoughts And Heart Are With You At Home, But My Duty Lies Here With Cause And Comrades Back of . . . — Map (db m86077) WM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-27 — Peabody High School(1870-1970)
Peabody High School, originally the Colored High School, was established in 1870 in the old First Baptist Church located on Harrison Street. The second school was built here on this site facing Filmore Street. The current site of the school is on . . . — Map (db m65662) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Pennsylvania Monument3rd Div. 9th Corps, Army of the Potomac
Bermuda Hundred Weldon Raid Hatcher’s Run Petersburg Fort Stedman Fort Mahone — Map (db m17537) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Peter Jones Trading Station
Of rubble stone construction, this building appears to have been built sometime between 1650 and 1750. Its type of construction is unique to the Fall Zone where stone can be quarried from the building site’s environs. Between 1785 and 1791 the . . . — Map (db m48483) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Peter Jones Trading Station
The building before you was built as part of a trading station set up during the middle of the 17th century by Peter Jones I and his father-in-law Major General Abraham Wood. The building is known variously as Peter Jones Trading Station, Peter . . . — Map (db m48484) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Peter Jones Trading Station
You are looking into the bowels of this building from near the attic downward to the second, first, and basement levels. You see a massive, rubble-stone structure with stone walls approximately 2’8” thick at the basement level which taper . . . — Map (db m48488) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Breakthrough Battlefield
Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. In the predawn darkness of April 2, 1865, the Union Sixth Corps successfully breached the . . . — Map (db m6253) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg DefensesBatteries 35-38
You are facing Battery 37 in the 10-mile-long Confederate defensive line constructed between 1862 and 1864 east and south of Petersburg. Named the Dimmock Line for supervising engineer Capt. Charles H. Dimmock, it consisted of trenches linking 55 . . . — Map (db m17508) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Museums
Blandford Church Blandford Church was built in 1735 as the seat of worship for colonists who were members of the Anglican Church. The church building was abandoned in 1806 when membership in its congregation dwindled as a result of the . . . — Map (db m57352) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg National Battlefield
Beginning on June 15, 1864, less than three miles east of where you are standing, 18,000 Union troops attacked the Confederate line of defensive fortifications surrounding the city. When all attempts to take the city by direct assault failed by June . . . — Map (db m57350) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Region
The Petersburg Area. Throughout this are you will find attractions for the entire family, from museum houses and gardens to a zoo, from fine dining to camping, from Civil War Trails and battlefields to white-water kayaking. Charles . . . — Map (db m57322) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg Volunteers 1812
This tree is dedicated in honor of the Petersburg Volunteers who left this site on Oct. 21, 1812 to fight the British at Fort Meigs, in the Ohio Territory. — Map (db m48668) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg’s Natural Parks
Lee Park Typical of the uniquely American “wilderness” tradition of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Lee Park was developed with an emphasis on natural scenery and native flora as a symbol of local pride and a . . . — Map (db m57343) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg’s Old Towne
Virginia Indian Trade You are standing in the oldest part of Petersburg, known today as Old Towne. In 1646, Fort Henry was established here, along the colonial frontier, to protect settlers in the region and to capitalize on trade with the . . . — Map (db m57326) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Petersburg’s Role In Trade
Immediately to your right is a mural adapted from a drawing by William Waud which appeared in Harper’s Magazine during the Civil War. The mural is an artist’s impression of the Petersburg waterfront on the Appomattox River - probably at City Dock . . . — Map (db m48482) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — PocahontasThe Revolutionary War
Positions in the Battle of Petersburg On 25 April 1781, this part of the community of Pocahontas served as the rear guard staging area for American Major General Frederick von Steuben’s Virginia militia in their defense of Petersburg against . . . — Map (db m26831) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-35 — Pocahontas Island
The town of Pocahontas, established in 1752, became part of Petersburg in 1784. By 1860, more members of the city’s large free African American community lived here than in any other neighborhood. Their work in tobacco factories and on wharves . . . — Map (db m88809) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-5 — Poplar Lawn
Poplar Lawn is now known as Central Park. Here the Petersburg Volunteers camped in October 1812, before leaving for the Canadian border. Here Lafayette was greeted with music and speeches in 1824. The place was bought by the city in 1844. Volunteer . . . — Map (db m17621) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prelude to the Crater
“The mine is all finished, the powder in, the fuse all ready. I hope that the attack will be successful, for if it is, we shall have Petersburg in our possession.” - Col. Stephen M. Weld, 50th Massachusetts July 28, 1864 The . . . — Map (db m7054) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prince George Court House Road
This trail follows the old road which ran between Petersburg and Prince George Court House. It was used by both armies to move men and supplies. — Map (db m7093) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Prince George Court House Road
This old road was used by both Confederate and Union Armies in the fighting around Petersburg. — Map (db m37409) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — QA-37 — Prince Hall Masons in Virginia
In March 1775, a Masonic lodge attached to the British army initiated Prince Hall and 14 other free black men as Freemasons in Massachusetts. Meeting provisionally as African Lodge No. 1, the black Freemasons gained full privileges in 1787 when they . . . — Map (db m103874) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Rock Garden
The disastrous fire of 1980 destroyed the roof and interior wood components of the building which caused the huge stone walls to collapse mostly into the interior. Approximately 4,700 cubic feet of stone waIls were a part of the rubble. A view of . . . — Map (db m48487) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Rohoic Dam
Erected by Genl. R.E. Lee Aug. 1864 — Map (db m65663) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Second Pennsylvania Veteran Heavy Artillery
The Advance Position 2nd Pa. Vet. Heavy Art. July 30, 1864. Went into action July 30, 1864, 780 men - answered roll call. After battle 286 men; Lost killed and wounded 494 men, including 8 officers. — Map (db m37418) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Grant's Fourth OffensiveAugust 18-21, 1864 Battle of Weldon Railroad
Union General Ulysses S. Grant pursued a strategy of two-pronged attacks on Petersburg and the Confederate capital at Richmond. Grant first attacked Lee's positions around Richmond and struck again south of Petersburg. By the end of Grant's fourth . . . — Map (db m78098) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — Siege of Petersburg—Lee Strikes BackMarch 25, 1865 Battle of Fort Stedman to Battle of Jones Farm
By March 1865 Confederate General Robert E. Lee had suffered through nearly nine months of fighting, had repulsed seven Union offensives, and had his men spread along a 37-mile-long front. Knowing that it was only a matter of time before his lines . . . — Map (db m85861) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — South Carolina
On this hill for one month South Carolina troops guarded the entrance to Petersburg and here July 30, 1864, suffered death from a mine exploded by the Federals. Here the surviving Carolinians under the command of Stephen Elliott by their valor . . . — Map (db m6751) HM
Virginia, Petersburg — South Side StationThe Retreat Begins
Begin the 26-stop auto driving tour of Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Retreat from Petersburg to Appomattox at this point. The tour covers over 100 miles and takes approximately four to five hours to complete. A map can be obtained at the nearby Visitors . . . — Map (db m3592) HM

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