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Port Hudson, Louisiana Historical Markers

 
Siege of Port Hudson, 1863 Marker image, Touch for more information
May 10, 2019
Siege of Port Hudson, 1863 Marker
Louisiana (East Baton Rouge Parish), Port Hudson — Siege of Port Hudson, 1863
In May 1863 Union forces commanded by General Nathaniel P. Banks laid siege to the Confederate stronghold at Port Hudson, just west of here. The Confederates under General Franklin Gardner inflicted heavy casualties on Banks' army . . . — Map (db m133735) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Alabama-Arkansas Redoubt
"Owing to the ruggedness of the ground and felled timbers, the enemy could not preserve their lines intact and soon became a conglomerate mass. We waited their approach in silence. When within forty yards we were commanded to fire. A blaze of . . . — Map (db m128569) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Artillery Ridge
"The attack was a huge bushwhack. The rebels availed themselves of the thickets, trees, fallen timber ridges, ravines and also of rifle pits and networks of earth and log construction at convenient points and being concealed and protected gave . . . — Map (db m129209) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Bennett's House and Battery
"Two pieces of siege artillery were removed during Tuesday (May 26 1863) night from the heavy batteries on the river and mounted on this line---one rifled 24 pounder, under command of Lieutenant Sanford, Company A, First regiment Alabama . . . — Map (db m128532) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Bennett's Redoubt
"...no less than four mortars were planted for the purpose of shelling our rifle pits, and the battery at Bennetts stables immediately opposite, but these after firing steadily for several days & nights, without doing us the slightest damage, . . . — Map (db m128273) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Commissary Hill
"During the fierce assault on May 27 on our whole left wing, Commissary Hill was an essential object of attack. Here we had a four gun battery, and behind it were our commissary stores, arsenal and old ginhouse containing the little grist mills . . . — Map (db m128494) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Confederate Tunnel
"Colonel Johnson had galleries dug under his breastworks through which his men could crawl into the outer ditch and sharp shoot from that..." Lieutenant Howard C. Wright Company C 30th Louisiana Infantry Regiment In order to have safe . . . — Map (db m100640) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Exterior Rifle Pit
"I had a small flanking pit constructed on the outside or rather under my works, and on the left thereof, and from which I continued a deadly fire until he [the enemy] left the ditch. This pit was subterranean and could not be seen from the . . . — Map (db m100641) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Field Artillery Limber
Field artillery cannon, like 6-pounder guns and 20-pounder Parrotts, were towed from location to location by two wheeled carriages called limbers. Teams of six or four horses, grouped in pairs, were harnessed to the limbers, and the left side . . . — Map (db m128509) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Flag of Truce
"At this junction what was supposed to be a flag of truce was raised, and the rebels, thinking it was a signal for a cessation of hostilities, ceased firing along the line, during which the regiment sought and secured a safer position not quite . . . — Map (db m100643) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Fort Babcock
"A desperate charge carried a small force of men through this road to a very advance position which they successfully held, in one of these gullies. Luckily we got into a fine place and were able to hold our own, though I was in mortal fear . . . — Map (db m128868) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Fort Desperate
"...so terrible had been the fighting....that the position was called Fort Desperate." Colonel Benjamin W. Johnson 15th Arkansas Infantry Regiment Commander of Fort Desperate Not a fort but a defensive earthwork called a . . . — Map (db m97268) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Fort Desperate Artillery
"Seeing Colonel Steadman's right wing...heavily pressed and in danger of being flanked, I ordered Lieutenant Edrington to open upon him [advancing Union forces] with shrapnel and shell. He fired with great rapidity, coolness and precision" . . . — Map (db m100637) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Lower Commissary Hill Battery
"Nearly all the pieces stationed upon the Commissary Hill, to guard the approaches to the mill between the left wing and the center, were either dismounted or other wise disabled. Against this point, the enemy had established two batteries of . . . — Map (db m128495) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Major Bennett's Lunette
"Another (solid shot) struck a tree about thirty feet from the ground, cutting it completely off at a point eight inches in diameter the top as it fell killing one horse and crushing a caisson of the First Maine Battery, a little in front of the . . . — Map (db m128531) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Mississippi Redoubt
"Lieut. Rhodes...deployed his men at intervals so as to occupy the whole ridge commenced firing on the enemy [black Union troops] both front and rear doing terrible execution and throwing them into confusion and disorder, they still continued to . . . — Map (db m128272) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Port Hudson
. . . — Map (db m86556) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Port Hudson Peace Monument
Port Hudson Peace Monument Two Soldiers One Federal One Confederate Re-Interred May 27, 1990 — Map (db m128284) WM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Sharpshooter Tower
"At the same time the approaches to Fort Desperate were checked by deadly fire of the Arkansas marksmen there, who, perched up in their sharpshooter tower, could fire down into every part of the enemy's ditch, which had now been brought within . . . — Map (db m100638) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Slaughter Pen
"About the middle of the siege, the enemy attempted to make a sneak through our lines in the night. A picked command was formed, possibly a thousand men. They selected the slaughter pen route. This pen stood on a high bluff, deep ravines from . . . — Map (db m128492) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Steedman Headquarters
"Colonel Steedman having been put in command of the left wing, composed of the First Alabama, 15th Arkansas and 10th Arkansas, a detachment of Wingfield's battalion and 39th Mississippi regiment. Colonel Steedman, during the siege, won the . . . — Map (db m128533) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Subterranean Torpedoes
"...as an additional security against assault, now that the enemy had approached so near, I had a number of 8, 10, and 13-inch shells planted in the scrap wall of ditches as "torpedoes" and connected them by means of wires, with the interior of . . . — Map (db m97320) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — U.S. Army 20-Pounder Parrott Rifle Model 1861
Robert Parker Parrott, a former U.S. army officer, invented a series of rifled, reinforced-breech, iron cannon. The cannon were manufactured at the West Point Foundry in Cold Springs, New York, and were made in different calibers: 10-pounder . . . — Map (db m128869) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — U.S. Navy 32 Pounder Gun
Marker 1 32-pounder guns were the smallest standard "sea-coast" cannon and among the smallest "ship-borne" cannon in 1861. These cannon were made of iron, were designed with smoothbore barrels, and were intended to throw solid shot at long . . . — Map (db m96867) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — U.S. Navy 42-Pounder Gun, Model 1816 On Barbette Carriage
Both the U.S. Army and Navy started using 42-pounder cannons early in the 19th century. They were among the largest cannons in use at that time. Due to their great size and weight, these cannons were used only at established forts and on the . . . — Map (db m86234) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — U.S. Navy 8 - Inch Shell Gun
Marker 1 In 1822, Lieutenant Colonel Paixhan, of the French artillery, submitted a plan for using long-chambered cannon at slight elevations to throw large heavy shells at a long range in the same way as solid shot. Other countries, . . . — Map (db m96897) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Batteries 7 and 8
"...a cleared space was found, overlooking deep ravines in which trees had been chopped down and left as they fell, and on the opposite side of which the newly thrown up works of the enemy (Fort Desperate) were plainly visible. The two leading . . . — Map (db m97263) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Battery No. 1
"...they (the Federals) threw up rifle pits all around my works, distant about two hundred and fifty yards, and all of these, aided by artillery, he kept up a terrible and steady fire upon every part of my position..." -- Colonel . . . — Map (db m97259) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Battery No. 3
"About the 10th of June, the enemy planted four mortars in position near the battery opposite Bennett''s House. These mortars gave us great annoyance; they were fired day and night, to the very great disturbance of our troops; yet few were . . . — Map (db m129393) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Battery No. 4
".. I am still with Rochester battery and think so far I like artillery service better than the infantry... Captain Harrower shows himself to be a brave and prudent commander." --Private George Coleman Company B 161st New York . . . — Map (db m129243) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Battery No. 5
"..to our right and left upon tree trunks, were nailed white crosses which had evidently served for practice, to get the exact range of the rebel guns, and they had it. For instance, a section of the First Maine Battery came plunging . . . — Map (db m129221) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Battery No. 6
"With admirable celebrity the pioneers (trail blazers) opened up the roads and Capt. Duryea brought up the division artillery and within fifteen minutes after driving him (Confederate skirmishers) in, our batteries were answering his guns from . . . — Map (db m100645) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Sap
"...on the front of another division commander, I find another serpentine approach, which has been dug very wide, and yet could not admit more than four or five men abreast. It ends near the rebel parapet..." Lieutenant Colonel Edward . . . — Map (db m98772) HM
Louisiana (East Feliciana Parish), Port Hudson — Union Trench
"...he [attacking Union troops] moved...up to my ditch again, and by digging a small place, or bank that intervened between the head of the ravine and the said ditch [the exterior ditch surrounding Fort Desperate]. which was not more than one . . . — Map (db m100642) HM

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