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Portsmouth, Virginia Historical Markers

 
A closeup of A Living Memorial. image, Touch for more information
By Cynthia L. Clark, February 22, 2017
A closeup of A Living Memorial.
Virginia, Portsmouth — A Living Memorial1941–1945
In honor of those from West Haven, who served in defense of their country and humanity and in cherished memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice during the Second World War. — Map (db m104375) WM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-p — Arnold's British Defenses, 1781
This marks the northern limit of a line of British redoubts erected in March 1781 by order of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold who, under Major General William Phillips, commanded British troops occupying Portsmouth. This line of fortifications . . . — Map (db m21043) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-q — Arnold's British Defenses, 1781
A brick wind­mill near here was close to the south­ern limit of a line of British redoubts erected in March 1781 by order of Brigadier Gen­eral Bene­dict Arnold, who under Major Gen­eral William Phillips, com­manded British troops occu­py­ing . . . — Map (db m21112) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-o — Arnold's British Defenses, 1781
This marks a line of British redoubts erected in March 1781 by order of Brigadier General Benedict Arnold who, under Major William Phillips, commanded British troops occupying Portsmouth. The line of fortifications extended in an arc along . . . — Map (db m71739) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8E — Benedict Arnold at Portsmouth
Arnold, after going over to the British, was sent to Virginia to make war on the state. He reached Hampton Roads in December, 1780, raided to Richmond and came to Portsmouth, January 19, 1781. Establishing his headquarters in Patrick Robinson's . . . — Map (db m71741) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Captain Ted Conaway Memorial Naval Cemetery 1838-1986
This cemetery was developed on its present site. Several gravestones were moved from an earlier location outside the hospital reservation. It was named after Captain Conaway who served 40 years in the Navy, holding every rate and rank from seaman to . . . — Map (db m37127) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Cedar Grove Cemetery
Cedar Grove Cemetery was established in 1831 as the first secular cemetery by the Town of Portsmouth. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992. The four-acre parcel cost $400.00 and was sectioned into 167 plots which sold . . . — Map (db m74864) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Chevra T'helim Synagogue
Chevra T'helim, (translation: House of Psalms), housed an Orthodox Jewish Congregation, established in 1917. It served the religious needs of a congregation largely composed of merchants who emigrated from Eastern Europe th the port city of . . . — Map (db m36890) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-i — City of Portsmouth
The site of this city was patented in 1659 by Captain William Carver. Established as a town in 1752 and named by its founder, Lt. Col. Wm Crawford. Chartered as a city in 1858. It has the country's oldest Naval Shipyard. Established in 1767. The . . . — Map (db m37088) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Col. William Craford
Col. William Craford founder of Portsmouth, Virginia February 27, 1752 Today, known as Col. William Crawford — Map (db m37128) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-g — Collier's Raid
A British fleet under Commodore Sir George Collier sailed up the Elizabeth River and shelled Fort Nelson in May 1779, during the Revolutionary War. A landing force of 1,800 infantrymen led by Brig. Gen. Edward Mathew captured the fort on 10 May . . . — Map (db m21146) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Confederate MonumentPortsmouth, Virginia
To Our Confederate Dead 1861 - 1865 — Map (db m76791) WM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q-8F — Cornwallis at Portsmouth
Lord Cornwallis, commanding the British troops in the south, reached Portsmouth, July, 1781. He prepared to send a portion of his force to New York. Before the movement was made, orders came for him to take up a position at Old Point. Cornwallis . . . — Map (db m21114) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Cornwallis' Embarkation
Near this spot on August 20, 1781, General Cornwallis and his troops embarked for Yorktown. This fateful action enabled the combined forces of General George Washington and French Admiral De Grasse to bottle up the British and force the surrender of . . . — Map (db m83882) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Court Street Baptist ChurchPath of History, Portsmouth, VA
Established in 1789, the Portsmouth and Norfolk Baptist Church served as the first Baptist congregation in South Hampton Roads. The name was changed in 1791 to Portsmouth Baptist Church and again in 1855 to its current name, Court Street Baptist . . . — Map (db m20467) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Craney Island
Craney Island played a sig­nif­i­cant role in the War of 1812, fly­ing the Flag of 1795, with fif­teen stars and stripes. Amer­i­can defend­ers held off over­whelm­ing British forces there on June 22, 1813. Two hundred British sol­diers were . . . — Map (db m21111) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-266 — Craney Island
Seven miles northeast in the Elizabeth River is Craney Island, a landmark of two wars. During the War of 1812, the British attacked its fortifications on 22 June 1813, but were repulsed by its defenders including the Portsmouth artillery. During the . . . — Map (db m38265) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Crawford Bay
The peace­ful waters of Craw­ford Bay play host each year to a num­ber of boat­ing events includ­ing the Cock Island Race and the Craw­ford Bay Crew Clas­sic. The homes vis­i­ble across the inlet are in a neigh­bor­hood called Swim­ming Point. . . . — Map (db m21072) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q-8-M — Crawford House
Erected 1835 by J.W. Collins, Portsmouth’s first five-story building and for many years a leading hotel. Presidents Van Buren, Tyler, and Fillmore were entertained here. — Map (db m20461) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q-8-K — Elizabeth River
The Eliz­a­beth River, explored by Cap­tain John Smith in 1608, was named for Princess Eliz­a­beth. Ship­build­ing activ­ity began in 1620 when John Wood, a ship­builder, requested a land grant. Many his­toric ships were built at the naval ship­yard . . . — Map (db m21044) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Elks Lodge
This Romanesque Revival dwelling was constructed for Laura C. Armistead and her family in 1894 by her father Beverly A. Armistead, president of the Bank of Portsmouth. Identifying features of this architectural style are the round arches over thick, . . . — Map (db m84742) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-t — Emanuel A.M.E. Church
Emanuel A.M.E. Church is rooted in the African Methodist Society that was formed soon after the founding in 1772 of the Methodist Society in Portsmouth. The African Society met independently until Nat Turner's insurrection in 1831, worshiped with . . . — Map (db m36867) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — First Order Fresnel Lens from the Hog Island Light
This pavil­ion dis­plays a first order Fresnel lens from the sec­ond Hog Island Light. The lens began ser­vice in 1896. Originally built in 1852, the first build­ing was destroyed by ero­sion and rebuilt in 1896, only to be deac­ti­vated in 1948. . . . — Map (db m21180) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-265 — Fort Nelson
On the site of Portsmouth’s Naval Hospital stood Fort Nelson. There, Virginia’s Revolutionary government late in 1776 constructed the fort of timber and rammed earth. Three years later, the British fleet commanded by Admiral Sir George Collier . . . — Map (db m21145) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — General Lafayette Memorial
To the memory of General Lafayette in grateful recognition of his valiant services and in commemoration of the hundredth anniversary of his visit to our city. — Map (db m104376) WM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Gosport Navy YardBirthplace of the CSS Virginia — 1862 Peninsula Campaign
Before you is the Gosport Navy Yard (Nor­folk Naval Ship­yard). Gosport is the old­est Navy ship­yard in the nation. Here is where the USS Mer­ri­mack was burned and then trans­formed by the Con­fed­er­ates into the pow­er­ful iron­clad ram, the CSS . . . — Map (db m21160) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Gosport Shipyard
Gosport Shipyard, which later became a United States Naval Shipyard, was established in 1787 by Andrew Sprowle. In 1833 the first drydock in the United States was opened in this yard. — Map (db m71720) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q–8-r — Home Site of William Crawford (d. 1762) Founder of Portsmouth
Here stood the residence of William Crawford who in 1752 founded the town of Portsmouth on sixty-five acres of his extensive plantation lands. The house site extended south on Crawford Street 113 feet, and east on High Street to the Elizabeth River. . . . — Map (db m20434) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — In Commemoration of the Last Public Appearance of William F. “Buffalo Bill” CodyAt Portsmouth, Virginia on November 11, 1916
William F. Cody, asso­ci­ated with a West­ern exhi­bi­tion titled “Buf­falo Bill (Him­self) and the 101 Ranch Wild West Com­bined,” passed by this spot on a route that would take the parade to the inter­sec­tion of Washington and . . . — Map (db m21162) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q8-s — John Luke Porter(19 Sept. 1813 – 14 Dec. 1893)
John Luke Porter, first president of the Portsmouth common council, was born just two blocks south of here. An accomplished naval constructor, commissioned first by the United States and later by the Confederacy, Porter supervised, at the Norfolk . . . — Map (db m20433) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — John Luke Porter1813-1893
Wooden ships became helpless shortly before noon on March 8, 1862 when the CSS Virginia, the world's first steam-driven iron-clad vessel to be used in warfare, floated out to do battle against them. The next day the Northern ship USS Monitor arrived . . . — Map (db m36933) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Lest We Forget
Dedicated to the honor and glory of all veterans of all wars who have nobly served their country and who by offering their last full measure of devotion, have purchased freedom for our beloved nation. — Map (db m107238) WM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Lightship Portsmouth101-WAL524
Lightships were “floating lighthouses.” They were anchored at the entrances to ports, bays and outer limits to off-lying danger areas such as shoals and reefs. These vessels served as aids to navigation. Lightships were originally . . . — Map (db m20407) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Lightship Portsmouth101-WAL524
Lightships and the City of Portsmouth go back to the beginning of lightship duty in this country in 1820. The first lightship was established off Craney Island at the mouth of the Elizabeth River. Working lightships were constant visitors on the . . . — Map (db m20408) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Lincolnsville
The four houses directly across the street are the last remaining original houses of Lincolnsville, Portsmouth's first middle-class African American community, established in 1890. It was an area of about 34 acres and operated as a city within a . . . — Map (db m36911) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-w — Matilda Sissieretta Joyner Jones(1869-1933)
Born Matilda S. Joyner in Portsmouth 1869, Sissieretta Jones was a trailblazing African American pioneer of the concert and theatrical stages during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. She studied music at the Providence School of Music and the . . . — Map (db m83881) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q8B — Monumental Methodist Church
This Church, founded 1772, is one of the oldest Methodist Churches in Virginia. The first building was erected, 1775, at South and Effingham Streets. The Church was moved to Glasgow Street near Court in 1792. It established the first Sunday School . . . — Map (db m20466) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Naval Shipyard MuseumFormally Norfolk County Ferries Maintenance Building
Constructed in 1919, this building was used as a maintenance building for the Norfolk County ferries. From 1636 to 1955 the ferries provided service for passengers and their various modes of transportation across the Elizabeth River between Norfolk . . . — Map (db m20390) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q-8-N — Norfolk County Court House
Begun 1845, occupied 20 July 1846. The architect, Wm. R. Singleton, a Portsmouth native, also designed the old Norfolk City Court House. This building stands on one of the four corners dedicated for public use in 1752 by Lt. Col. William Crawford, . . . — Map (db m3518) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-r — Norfolk Naval Shipyard
Norfolk Naval Shipyard, the nation's first government-owned yard, was privately founded here as Gosport Shipyard on 1 Nov. 1767. Virginia seized it in 1776, and it served the state navy during the American Revolution. The U.S. Navy leased it in 1794 . . . — Map (db m76787) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“The Beginning” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Founded November 1767 under the British flag by Andrew Sprowle, a Scottish-born merchant, the Norfolk Naval Shipyard is the U.S. Navy's oldest, continuously operating shipyard and actually predates the United States Navy Department by nearly 30 . . . — Map (db m76823) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“1774-1800” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Leased in 1794 by the federal government, as part of its response to acts of piracy by the Barbary States, the shipyard produced in 1798-99 the 36-gun frigate Chesapeake, a sister ship of the USS Constitution known as "Old Ironsides." . . . — Map (db m76825) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“Hammerhead Crane” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Built between December 1939 and June 1940, this 20-story crane can lift 350 tons. The Hammerhead is the largest crane of its type in the world. Its uses have included lifting a tugboat from the water, hoisting 16-inch gun turrets onto battleships . . . — Map (db m76826) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“Dry Docks Construction” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Dry Dock 2, first built of wood, was completed in November 1887, but rebuilt with concrete in 1933. Dry Dock 3 was completed in November 1903. Dry Dock 4 was opened on April 1, 1919, with the King and Queen of Belgium in attendance. Dry Dock 5 . . . — Map (db m76827) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“1889-1904” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
With the advent of the Spanish-American War, an era of wood and canvas gave way to steel and steam in naval shipbuilding. The first U.S. Navy battleship to be commissioned, the USS Texas, and the first modern cruiser, the USS . . . — Map (db m76828) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“World War I” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
World War I ushered in a new period of growth for the shipyard. Three new dry docks and a major ship building way were added, in addition to new shop facilities. With the focus on ship repairs, along with construction of destroyers and 110-foot . . . — Map (db m76829) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“World War II” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
The yard’s employment peak of 43,000 workers was reached during World War II when the yard bustled with activity, building nearly 30 major vessels and repairing 6,850 U.S. and Allied ships. The shipyard also built 20 tank-landing ships and 50 . . . — Map (db m76830) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“Korea - 1965” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
The outbreak of hostilities in Korea in 1950 increased the workload once again. The shipyard completed work on more than 1,250 naval vessels and also built its last two warships, the wooden-hulled minesweepers Bold and Bulwark. . . . — Map (db m76835) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“1907-1922” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
In 1907 President Theodore Roosevelt launched the "Great White Fleet" from the shipyard as it began its journey around the world. Norfolk Naval Shipyard built the first flight deck on a ship, the USS Birmingham (CS-2). When . . . — Map (db m76836) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“Dry Dock 1” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Convinced of the need to more quickly and efficiently repair the nation's Navy ships, President John Quincy Adams and Congress agreed in 1827 to follow engineers' recommendations to build two dry docks, one here and one in Boston. The . . . — Map (db m76838) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“1833-1862” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Following the evacuation and burning of the yard by Federal forces, Dry Dock 1 was used by the Confederate States Navy to convert the partly burned steam frigate Merrimack into an ironclad, renamed CSS Virginia. In March 1862, the . . . — Map (db m76839) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“1812-1833” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
After the War of 1812, the shipyard helped repel an invasion of Craney Island and the USS Chesapeake was captured off Nova Scotia. Gosport continued to expand and improve. The keel of the USS Delaware was laid in the summer of 1817. . . . — Map (db m76840) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Norfolk Naval Shipyard“Quarters A” — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
Three prominent structures stand out along a one-block stretch of Portsmouth's Lincoln Street – Quarters A, B and C. On an 1827 map of the shipyard they are designated as the “Proposed Commandant's House,” the “Proposed . . . — Map (db m76841) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Olde Towne PortsmouthSouthern Architectural Splendor
The one square block his­toric dis­trict before you is Portsmouth’s Olde Towne. The dis­trict dates to 1752 when Portsmouth was founded by William Craw­ford. Olde Towne con­tains one of the largest col­lec­tions of historic build­ings in Vir­ginia . . . — Map (db m21116) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval HospitalAdministering to Both the Union and Confederacy
This is the site of the Portsmouth Naval Hospital which served both the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War. The Portsmouth Naval Hospital, the U.S. Navy’s first hospital, was founded in 1827 by Secretary of the Navy Samuel L. Southard. . . . — Map (db m21042) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8h — Portsmouth Naval Hospital
This was begun in 1827 and opened in 1830. The hospital was taxed to its capacity in the Great Yellow Fever Epidemic in 1855 which decimated Portsmouth and Norfolk. This hospital has cared for the sick and wounded of the Navy in all wars of the . . . — Map (db m37107) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital"Naval Medical Center Portsmouth" — Fort Nelson Park • Path of History • Portsmouth, VA
Naval Medical Center Portsmouth is known as the “First and Finest.” It was the nation’s first Naval Hospital and has served the military since 1830. The hospital complex is 112 acres and serves approximately 430,000 active duty service . . . — Map (db m62263) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital"Charette Health Care Center 1999" — Fort Nelson Park • Path of History • Portsmouth, VA
The Charette Health Care Center was dedicated in April 1999 and it is the third naval hospital built in Portsmouth. The 1 million square foot, five story, state-of-the-art hospital contains 17 operating rooms, 300 exam rooms, 120 beds, 140 special . . . — Map (db m62279) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Civil War 1861-1865” — Fort Nelson Park
Virginia seceded from the Union on April 17, 1861. On April 2, the Governor ordered the 3rd Virginia Regiment to occupy and fortify the Navy Hospital grounds. A battery of earthen works was hastily erected on the point and renamed Fort Nelson, after . . . — Map (db m83920) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Spanish-American War 1898” — Fort Nelson Park
After the Spanish defeat at the battle of Santiago, Cuba, in July 1898, the sick and injured needed treatment. The newly converted hospital ship USS Solace transported 55 sick U.S. Navy and 48 wounded Spanish sailors to the hospital. The . . . — Map (db m83924) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“World War II and Korea 1937-1953” — Fort Nelson Park
World War II created the need to rapidly expand the hospital in 1941. The $1.5 million program increased the number of hospital beds to 3,441. A dental clinic, ships service, library and a bank were added. The staff -- medical officers, nurses, . . . — Map (db m83925) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Hospital Renovation 1907-1910” — Fort Nelson Park
By 1900, time and use had taken its toll on the hospital building. In October 1907, the Navy's Bureau of Medicine and Surgery ordered hospital personnel to remove patients to tent-covered wooden platforms constructed several hundred yards away from . . . — Map (db m83926) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Building 215, Portsmouth’s First Skyscraper 1960” — Fort Nelson Park
Building 215 was constructed to provide a much needed modern hospital and to centralize the medical departments scattered around the base. The 500-bed hospital became the command’s second primary hospital facility when commissioned in April 1960. . . . — Map (db m83930) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“The Navy’s First Corps School 1902” — Fort Nelson Park
On June 17, 1898, President William McKinley signed a bill establishing the Navy Hospital Corps. Navy Corpsmen are trained in the science of health and nursing skills necessary to provide proper patient care at hospitals, ships at sea and to the . . . — Map (db m83932) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Yellow Fever Epidemic” — Fort Nelson Park
In June 1855, the steamer Franklin put into Norfolk for repairs while sailing from the West Indies to New York. Mosquitoes carrying yellow fever escaped when the vessel docked. The Naval Hospital’s first yellow fever patients came from . . . — Map (db m83935) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Naval Burial Ground 1838” — Fort Nelson Park
There are 840 graves of seamen and soldiers in the naval cemetery on the hospital grounds. They include the remains of seamen from the U.S., Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Russia, Brazil, Denmark and Japan. The oldest known burial was a . . . — Map (db m83936) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“The U.S. Navy’s First Hospital” — Fort Nelson Park
In 1826, Philadelphia architect John Haviland submitted construction plans for this hospital. This building, which houses offices is now known as Building 1, was made of granite and freestone. Its style is classical Greek Revival architecture, which . . . — Map (db m83939) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Hospital Point” — Fort Nelson Park
The Naval Hospital faces a peninsula surrounded by the Elizabeth River. In 1636, Captain Thomas Willoughby received a land grant from the King of England that included this peninsula. The land was used as a plantation and changed owners several . . . — Map (db m83941) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Hospital Fund” — Fort Nelson Park
The British had a custom of taxing its sailors for their health care. In 1798 Congress established the “Hospital Fund" based on the British system. 20 cents per month was deducted from the pay of each officer, sailor and marine to provide for . . . — Map (db m83944) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Early Naval Medicine” — Fort Nelson Park
Naval regulations of 1798 state: ”A convenient place be set apart for sick or hurt men, to which they are to be removed with their hammocks and bedding when the surgeon shall advise the same, and some of the crew appointed to attend . . . — Map (db m83945) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“Navy Nurse Corps 1908” — Fort Nelson Park
The Navy Nurse Corps was created by Congress in 1908, allowing women to perform duties that previously had been done by men. They held no rank and were titled “Nurse.” The first 20 to graduate were known as the “Sacred . . . — Map (db m83946) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Naval Hospital“World War I 1917-1918” — Fort Nelson Park
When the United States entered World War I, immediate steps were taken to expand the hospital. Several temporary wood-framed buildings were constructed to accommodate the ever-growing number of patients. These buildings included 34 patient pavilions . . . — Map (db m83947) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Portsmouth Public Library
The Portsmouth Public Library was established in 1914 primarily due to efforts of the Students Club. The first library was housed in the annex behind the 1846 Courthouse and most of the original collection was donated from the Seaboard Air Line . . . — Map (db m20392) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Reverend Francis Devlin
Erected by the citizens of Portsmouth in the memory of Rev. Francis Devlin the humble priest, the faithful pastor who sacrificed his life in the cause of charity, during the plague of 1855. He was a native of . . . — Map (db m36939) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Revolutionary War at Portsmouth
In October 1775, Virginia’s last royal governor, the Earl of Dunmore, made his headquarters at Gosport, one mile south of here. After his defeat at Great Bridge and the destruction of Norfolk, he entrenched at Hospital Point, one mile north, but was . . . — Map (db m20432) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8-u — Ruth Brown(1928-2006)
Portsmouth native Ruth Brown was the best-selling African American female recording artist early in the 1950s. Her two dozen hits established Atlantic Records as “The House That Ruth Built.” Brown also helped to usher in the rock’n’roll . . . — Map (db m83880) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Sail portion of the USS Thomas Jefferson(SSBN 618) later SSN 618 — Path of History Portsmouth, VA
During USS Thomas Jefferson's 22 years of service, it was both a ballistic missile submarine and an attack vessel. Newport News Shipbuilding & Drydock Company built USS Thomas Jefferson, which was commissioned on January 4th, 1963. The . . . — Map (db m76837) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Saint Paul's School(1891-1991)
Upon her death in 1888, Mrs. Eliza Burke Gregory bequeathed $10,000 for the education of boys in Portsmouth. Her church, St. Paul's Catholic, had established a girls school, St. Joseph's, on King Street in 1876. The current site was selected, . . . — Map (db m71722) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Seaboard Air Line Railroad
The Portsmouth & Roanoke Railroad was incorporated in March 1832 and began operations in July 1834 when the first train, pulled by horses, ran a full circuit from Portsmouth to Suffolk. A locomotive replaced the horses later that year. By late 1836, . . . — Map (db m20387) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Spanish-American War 1898-1902
Erected by the citizens of Portsmouth and Norfolk County. Sponsored by the Austin R. Davis Camp No 4 – United Spanish War Veterans and Auxiliary to commemorate the valor and patriotism of those who voluntarily served in the war with Spain, the . . . — Map (db m20794) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q-8-v — St. Paul’s Roman Catholic Church
St. Paul's Roman Catholic Church was first built by French and Irish immigrants between 1811 and 1815 and was the first Catholic congregation established in Portsmouth. Increasing membership necessitated the building of new structures in 1831 and . . . — Map (db m21147) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The 1846 CourthousePath of History — Portsmouth, VA
The 1846 Courthouse building at the corner of Court & High Street in Olde Towne Portsmouth was designed in the classic Greek Revival style by architect, William R. Singleton and built by Willoughby G. Butler. It housed the Norfolk County Court until . . . — Map (db m76790) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — K-268 — The Battle of Craney Island
On the morning of June 22, 1813, during the War of 1812, British naval and marine forces under the command of Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren landed here at Hoffler Creek. American armed militia under the command of Gen. Robert B. Taylor blocked the . . . — Map (db m22154) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The Coast Guard
The City of Portsmouth has had a long history of supporting U.S. Coast Guard operations. Today it serves as a center for Coast Guard regional administration and operational oversight through the Atlantic Area Command headquarters, Fifth District . . . — Map (db m20431) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The Commodore Theatre
Opened on November 14, 1945, the Commodore Theatre was designed by noted Baltimore architect John J. Zink and built and operated by William S. "Bunkie" Wilder, a Portsmouth native, as his flagship theatre. It is named for Commodore James Barron, . . . — Map (db m20465) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The Confederate Section
In 1885, after the War Between the States, the local veterans of Portsmouth and Norfolk County formed the Stonewall Camp, United Confederate Veterans. This Camp remained active until 1929 when the last three members bequeathed their assets to the . . . — Map (db m36949) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The Elizabeth River
The Elizabeth River, an arm of the Chesapeake Bay, runs between the cities of Portsmouth and Norfolk. The river was named “Elizabeth” in honor of Princess Elizabeth Stuart, the eldest daugh­ter of King James I of England. The river . . . — Map (db m21182) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — The Yellow Fever of 1855
On June 19th, 1855, following a twelve day quarantine, the merchant ship Benjamin Franklin arrived from the West Indies and docked at Gosport Shipyard for repairs. While emptying its bilge, mosquitoes carrying yellow fever were released. After . . . — Map (db m36892) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Towne SquarePath of History, Portsmouth, VA
The intersection of High and Court Street was known as Towne Square, the cornerstone of the community. The square that you are standing on was known as Courthouse Square, the site of the original courthouse from 1803-1846. In 1855 the Ocean Hotel . . . — Map (db m20463) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q8A — Trinity Church
Built in 1762 as the Parish Church of Portsmouth Parish, established in 1761. Later named Trinity; Enlarged in 1829; Remodeled in 1893. Colonel William Crawford, founder of Portsmouth in 1752, was a member of the first Vestry. Buried here is . . . — Map (db m20464) HM
Virginia, Portsmouth — Q 8C — Watts House
Built by Colonel Dempsey Watts in 1799 and inherited by his son, Captain Samuel Watts, who lived here until his death in 1878. Here Chief Black Hawk, of the Black Hawk Indian War, was entertained in 1820, and Henry Clay in 1844. — Map (db m36868) HM

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