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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Scotland, Maryland Historical Markers

 
Point Lookout Confederate Cemetery Marker image, Touch for more information
By Allen C. Browne, January 21, 2017
Point Lookout Confederate Cemetery Marker
Maryland (Saint Marys County), Scotland — Point Lookout Confederate Cemetery
Camp Hoffman Prison The Union prison at Camp Hoffman, Maryland — called Point Lookout — opened in 1863. A 15-foot-high plank fence surrounded the 40-acre prison compound. The first prisoners arrived in July 1863-Confederates . . . — Map (db m100997) HM WM
Maryland (Saint Marys County), Scotland — Point Lookout Prison Camp
History, despite its wrenching pain, cannot be unlived but if faced with courage, need not be lived again. - Maya Angelo To the memories of our past Who are patient and who wait, True and faithful to the last, For Easter morning . . . — Map (db m101095) WM
Maryland (Saint Marys County), Scotland — Prison Pen
Here you see a partial reconstruction of Camp Hoffman, the largest Union prison camp for Confederate soldiers. Built after the Battle of Gettysburg, it was planned to hold 10,000 prisoners. However, more than five times that number—52,000 in . . . — Map (db m104746) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — "Contraband" Camp
During the Civil War, thousands of enslaved African-Americans escaped from captivity in the South to liberty in the North. The grounds before once sheltered these freedom-seekers, know at that time as “Contraband”. Conditions in the . . . — Map (db m104760) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — "The Bean Pot"
On June 10, 1865 J.H. Thompson, former POW camp head surgeon, notified the public that Pt. Lookout had been “abandoned”. This notice was published in the St. Mary’s Gazette. The St. Mary’s Beacon newspaper had been seized during the war . . . — Map (db m60276) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — A Bustling Civil War Community
By the end of the Civil War in 1865, the military bases at Point Lookout had grown into a small city. Besides the hospitals and prison camp, you could find dockyards, saw mills and warehouses - even a railroad, a post office and newspaper. Point . . . — Map (db m8934) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — A Crucial PointStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
This site, where the Chesapeake Bay and Potomac River merge, was an observation post for Americans during the War of 1812. It was also staging area for local militia in early summer of 1813. Two- to Three-thousand British troops occupied the . . . — Map (db m62446) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — A Place of History
Point Lookout is a witness to much of our nation’s history. As you survey the vast expanse of Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac River, remember those who have come before.

Early Inhabitants Five thousand years ago, Native Americans first came . . . — Map (db m104745) HM

Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — A Seaside Resort at Point Lookout
The grassy area in front of you was once the site of a major resort. The geared wheels peeking out of the grass are all that remain. They were part of a power plant that provided lighting for the resort’ buildings and power for its water treatment . . . — Map (db m60316) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Death at Point Lookout
It is hard to imagine this tranquil site as a place of sickness, suffering and death. Yet during the Civil War, five graveyards marked Point Lookout. Why so many graves? In 1863, Union forces chose this isolated spot for a prisoner of war camp. . . . — Map (db m60286) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Defense Strategies
Imagine defending this isolated peninsula during the Civil War. There were threats from within (from thousands of prisoners) and from without (by Confederate soldiers trying to free their comrades or gain territory). What's more, a pro-Southern . . . — Map (db m104758) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Fort Lincoln
Standing before you is Fort Lincoln, the main Union fortification on the peninsula. As a key defense stronghold, Fort Lincoln, also known as Fort #2, was cleverly designed to resist attack. To defend against artillery fire or direct infantry . . . — Map (db m104759) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — John Wilkes BoothEscape of an Assassin
War on the Chesapeake Bay Divided loyalties and ironies tore at Marylanders’ hearts throughout the Civil War: enslaved African-Americans and free United States Colored Troops; spies and smugglers; civilians imprisoned without trial to . . . — Map (db m1000) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Let There Be Light
For 136 years, the Point lookout Lighthouse helped generations of Chesapeake Bay mariners avoid shoals, navigate through dense fog, and find the Potomac River’s mouth. The beam shone until 1966, when an automated light off Point Lookout assumed . . . — Map (db m104740) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Maryland and the Confederacy
The U.S. Government, located in Washington D.C. was surrounded by Maryland and Virginia. Since Virginia had already joined the Confederacy, it was critical in the survival of the Union that Maryland not be allowed to secede. The State was quickly . . . — Map (db m60278) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout Confederate Cemetery
Erected by the United States to mark the burial place of Confederate Soldiers and Sailors who died at Point Lookout, Md., while prisoners of war and were there buried to the number of 3384, but whose remains were subsequently removed, either to . . . — Map (db m927) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout Confederate Cemetery
Erected by the State of Maryland in memory of the Confederate Soldiers who died Prisoners of War at Point Lookout, from March 1st, 1864, to June 30th, 1865. (north face) “At the call of Patriotism and duty they encountered the . . . — Map (db m943) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout Prison
This memorial plaza is to honor the sacrifices of the 52,264 Confederate soldiers, sailors and civilians imprisoned near here during the War Between the States. Point Lookout prison camp was established immediately following the Battle of Gettysburg . . . — Map (db m60250) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout Prisoner-Of-War Camp(1863–1865)
After the Battle of Gettysburg, the Union established a prisoner-of-war depot near here. Confederate soldiers and Maryland civilians were imprisoned and guarded by 400 Union troops. With only tents for protection, 3,384 prisoners died. — Map (db m998) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout Prisoner-of-War Camp(1863-1865)
After the battle of Gettysburg, the Union established a prisoner-of-war depot near here. Confederate soldiers and Maryland civilians were imprisoned and guarded by 400 Union troops, with only tents for protection. 3,384 prisoners died. State Roads . . . — Map (db m60283) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout State ParkHammond General Hospital
Hammond General Hospital, opened at Point Lookout, Maryland, in August 1862, was named for Surgeon General William A. Hammond. The massive structure, built to accommodate 1,400 amen, was set on piles about two to three feet above ground and . . . — Map (db m1001) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Point Lookout-Hammond Hospital
This monument is dedicated to the memory of those soldiers, sailors, and hospital attendants from both North and South, who were here at Point Lookout from July 1862 to July 1865. This monument marks the general location of the Hammond Hospital — Map (db m60284) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Shipwreck!
Centuries of storms, fogs, shoals, collisions, combat, poor judgement and bad luck have plagued local mariners. Gazing across Point Lookout's waters, we can only wonder how many of their wrecks litter the bottom of the Chesapeake Bay and the Potomac . . . — Map (db m8935) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Smallpox Epidemic
Near this location during the Civil War was the smallpox hospital where thousands of people were quarantined. Highly contagious, horrible to behold and often fatal, smallpox was a dreaded disease. When the scourge hit the prison camp, officials . . . — Map (db m60285) HM
Maryland (St. Mary's County), Scotland — Storm Blocks the Route to Freedom
In April 1848, the Chesapeake Bay's stormy weather doomed a maritime dash to freedom by 77 slaves from Washington D.C. Anti-slavery activist William L. Chapin had arranged for the schooner Pearl to spirit the 77 to New York and liberty. . . . — Map (db m62551) HM

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