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Spotsylvania, Virginia Historical Markers

 
“If It Takes All Summer” Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bernard Fisher, June 23, 2013
“If It Takes All Summer” Marker
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — "If It Takes All Summer"The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
While the May 12 combat at the Bloody Angle marked the height of the Spotsylvania fighting, it was not the end of it. For nine more days, the Army of the Potomac hovered around the village, looking for opportunities to strike. Finding Lee heavily . . . — Map (db m66237) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — "The Toughest Fight Yet"The Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Artist Alfred R. Waud sketched these Union soldiers under fire here on May 12, 1864. Lee’s counterattacks had driven the Union troops out of the Muleshoe, and here they are shown under cover on the outside of the Confederate trenches. Waud’s . . . — Map (db m66225) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — 126th Ohio Volunteer Infantry
(West Side): Dedicated to the memory of the gallant 126th Reg't O.V.I. commanded by Colonel Benjamin F. Smith and Lieut. Colonel Aaron W. Ebright 2nd Brigade 3rd Division 6th Army Corps. Army of the Potomac (North Side):Ohio's . . . — Map (db m10314) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — 12th Regiment New Jersey Volunteers 1862 - 1865
"We can not dedicate we can not consecrate we can not hallow this ground the brave men living and dead who struggled here have consecrated it far above our poor power to add or detract." The State of New Jersey merely marks the surrounding twenty . . . — Map (db m4970) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — 15th Regiment New Jersey Volunteers
(Front): 1861-1865 15th Reg't N.J. Vol's. Erected by the State of New Jersey to mark the portion of the Confederate line held by the 14th Georgia Regiment. and assaulted May 12, 1864, by the 15th Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry, . . . — Map (db m10313) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment9th Corps, 3rd Division, 1st Brigade
(Front): 17th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment 9th Corps 3rd Division 1st Brigade Michigan units on the field in the 9th Corps 17th Michigan Vol. Infantry 20th Michigan Vol. Infantry 8th Michigan Vol. Infantry 27th Michigan Vol. Infantry . . . — Map (db m10431) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — 49th New York Infantry3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Corps
(Front): 49th N.Y. Inf'y 3rd Brig. 2d Div. 6th Corps. Held this position May 12, 1864. (Left):The muffled drums sad roll has beat. The soldiers last tattoo. No more on life's parade shall meet that brave and fallen few. On fame's . . . — Map (db m10312) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — A Different Kind of WarSpotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — South Wall
A Different Kind of War With the 1864 Overland Campaign, the war in Virginia changed. The old pattern of fight, retreat, and rest yielded to Ulysses S. Grant's relentless maneuvering and fighting. Attacked in superior force by an incessant foe, . . . — Map (db m10716) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — A Mass Capture — Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
As the first rays of daylight filtered through the rain-drenched woods here on May 12, the men of General George H. Steuart’s brigade heard a commotion up the line, to their left. Moments later, through the shifting mists, they saw a human tidal . . . — Map (db m23846) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — A Region of Gloom
From the time of its earliest settlement, this region was known as "The Wilderness of Spotsylvania" because of its dense thickets and poor soil. Locals called the countryside just west of the Wilderness "The Poison Fields." High concentrations of . . . — Map (db m3603) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — AftermathThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
At 2 a.m. on May 13, 1864, General Lee declared a new line of works a half mile behind you ready, and the Confederate troops in the trenches here quietly withdrew. They had bought the Confederacy what it most needed that day: time. But every minute . . . — Map (db m66230) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Attack on the MuleshoeThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Like Lee, General Ulysses S. Grant recognized the Muleshoe’s weakness and made plans to exploit it. On May 12, just after dawn, 20,000 men of General Winfield S. Hancock’s Second Corps stormed across the field in front of you—from left to . . . — Map (db m66223) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Batter Up: Spotsylvania Yellow Jackets
Softball and baseball were played by Spotsylvania’s African American children, teens and young adults in back yards, on church grounds and in open fields. Some, such as Layton Fairchild, Sr. (right), grew up playing baseball and were . . . — Map (db m84599) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Battle of Spotsylvania
May 12 - 18, 1864, between the armies of Lee and Grant is unmatched for its display of unyielding heroism and devotion to duty and principle. Here thousands of valorous men, fighting with bayonets and clubbed muskets, wrote their imperishable . . . — Map (db m3665) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Battle of Spotsylvania Court HouseDabney Farm
In 1864, the field in front of you was partially forested. On May 8, Union cavalry galloped across this land to attack Spotsylvania Court House itself but soon came scrambling back in retreat. At 4:35 A.M. on May 12, while almost 20,000 Union . . . — Map (db m73749) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Battle of Spotsylvania Court House"Toughest Fight Yet"
The ground before you was hotly contested for two full weeks during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. From May 8 to May 21, 1864, Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant sought to drive the Confederates from their earthworks and cripple Gen. Robert E. . . . — Map (db m78955) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Bloody Angle, Crowded RavineThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Fighting at the Muleshoe Salient focused on a slight turn in the Confederate earthworks, to your right-front, known as the “Bloody Angle.” The Angle occupied a small knoll that commanded adjacent parts of the Confederate line. Whoever . . . — Map (db m66224) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Booth Hall
To the Glory of God and In loving memory of The Rev. Arthur E. Booth by whose devoted and untiring efforts this Parish House was erected — Map (db m3947) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Burying the DeadThe Battle of the Wilderness
At battles end, more than 2,000 Union dead lay scattered through the Wilderness. The first major effort to bury the dead came more than a year later, when a Union regiment received orders to proceed to the Wilderness and inter those Union soldiers . . . — Map (db m5443) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Catharine Furnace
The stone stack in front of you is all that remains of the Catharine Furnace, built in 1837. Close a decade later, the furnace was reborn to meet the Confederacy’s wartime need for iron. Union cavalrymen under General George A. Custer destroyed the . . . — Map (db m2752) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
Jackson's marching soldiers filled this narrow road from shoulder to shoulder making it slow and tedious work for any mounted officer to pass along the column. One of Stonewall's aides, Captain James Power Smith, attempted to catch up to the General . . . — Map (db m3920) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
Jackson's most direct route toward the enemy's flank lay in the right turn onto the Brock Road here. Instead of following that route he turned left, or southward, proceeded a quarter of a mile, and then turned right into a parallel woods road. This . . . — Map (db m3921) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Deluding the enemy was the secret of Jackson's success. Since his troops had been observed from Federal signal stations as they marched across the front of Hooker's army, he turned them south on the Brock Road to create the impression . . . — Map (db m3927) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
If a balloonist had been high overhead, Jackson's column might have resembled a huge serpent as it wound through the forest. Closer up, it became thousands of marchers in worn battle dress. From this point, they stretched back about six miles to the . . . — Map (db m3929) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. Hour by hour, the long gray columns of Jackson's Corps splashed through the shallow ford here, which was not stone-paved then, stirring the crossing into a mud hole. Before the water of this branch of Poplar Run ran clear again in its . . . — Map (db m3931) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
"Stonewall" Jackson's way here was a woodland road west of and parallel to the Brock Road. This park trail approximates the old appearance. No tar, asphalt, or cement highway existed in the 1860's. Even the best of that time, the stone turnpikes and . . . — Map (db m3932) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Chancellorsville Campaign
May 2, 1863. The head of Jackson's column reached this point about 12:30 p.m. Eight miles away, the rear , under fire of Federal guns, was closing up near the Catharine Furnace. Jackson planned to turn the column right onto the Plank Road (1 mile . . . — Map (db m3934) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Civil War Earthworks — Preservation Message
The gentle mounds that meander through Spotsylvania Court House battlefield once looked like the reconstructed earthwork in front of you. The armies built more than 12 miles of trenches here, using whatever tools they could find. Lee's last line, . . . — Map (db m10282) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Col. James D. Nance
3rd Reg. S.C.V Kershaw's Brigade Killed on this spot May 6, 1864. — Map (db m6112) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Confederate CounterattackThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Confederate General Richard S. Ewell responded quickly to Upton’s breakthrough at Dole’s Salient. Wading into the melee, he shouted to the outnumbered defenders: “Don’t run, boys. I will have enough men here in five minutes to eat up every . . . — Map (db m66232) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Confederate Earthworks
Longstreet’s troops began erecting these infantry entrenchments after fighting on the evening of May 6 and improved them the following day. This was a reserve line, the main Confederate position being a few hundred yards in font of you along modern . . . — Map (db m6089) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Confederate Soldiers1861 - 1865
(Front): Erected and dedicated May 12, 1918, by the Spotsylvania Chapter United Daughters of the Confederacy, Confederated Southern Memorial Association and citizens of Spotsylvania County, to commemorate and perpetuate the valor and . . . — Map (db m10436) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Containing the Enemy, Reclaiming the WorksThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
The trenches in front of you belonged to General James H. Lane’s North Carolina brigade. Shortly after dawn, May 12, Union forces captured the East Angle, one-half mile behind you, and bore down on Lane’s men in this part of the Muleshoe Salient. . . . — Map (db m66233) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Crisis in Tapp FieldBattle of the Wilderness
Here on the morning of May 6, 1864, Confederate General Robert E. Lee and his army faced perhaps their greatest crisis. Soon after dawn, hundreds of disorganized Confederates tumbled from the woods to your left, driven by a powerful Union assault. . . . — Map (db m6058) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Crisis in the Wilderness
A celebrated battlefield episode of the Civil War happened here at the Widow Tapp Field on the morning of May 6, 1864. The Army of Northern Virginia and its commander, R.E. Lee, faced disaster on the Orange Plank Road as a powerful Union attack . . . — Map (db m6085) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Dawn AssaultThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
In the dank, pre-dawn light of May 12, 1864, Confederates huddled along these muddy works could hear the rumble of Union troops coming toward them. Moments later the first of 20,000 Union soldiers poured over the works like a wave, engaging . . . — Map (db m66227) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Doles Salient
These gentile mounds are all that remain of the formidable earthworks held by George Doles' Georgia Brigade. The trenches running perpendicular to the main line are called traverses and made these works appear like a series of three-sided roofless . . . — Map (db m10297) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Echoes HomewardThe Battle of the Wilderness
Once schoolmates, friends, and neighbors, they came here as soldiers from Yorkville, South Carolina; Pen Yan, New York; Clarksville, Virginia; Barre, Vermont; and a hundred other towns, North and South. Their deaths in these woods on May 5 and 6, . . . — Map (db m7526) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Education in Spotsylvania County
Education was the responsibility of parents and churches until after the Civil War. Wealthier families hired tutors or sent their children to private schools. Poor children often learned a trade and received a basic education as apprentices. In . . . — Map (db m3710) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — EM-2 — Engagement at Harris Farm (Bloomsbury)
On 19 May 1864 Confederate forces commanded by Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell attacked Brig. Gen. Robert O. Tyler's heavy artillery division on the Union right flank near the Harris farm, Bloomsbury, about one-quarter mile northwest. Newly arrived from . . . — Map (db m3656) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Farm to Killing Field — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
On May 12, 1864, the pastures, potato patches, and crop-lots of Willis Landram's farm would become North America's most notorious killing field. Just before dawn, 20,000 Union soldiers swarmed past the Landram house toward the main Confederate line . . . — Map (db m10317) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Fatal Mistake at the East AngleThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
The sharp turn in the Confederate works here is called the “East Angle.” It marks the apex of the Muleshoe Salient and was one of the most vulnerable points on Lee’s line. Lee fortified the place heavily and placed upwards of 30 cannon . . . — Map (db m66226) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Fighting for Time — Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Throughout May 12, Confederates here waged a battle for critical minutes and hours. When Union troops swarmed over the east face of the Muleshoe Salient before dawn, Robert E. Lee knew instantly that the position – even if regained temporarily . . . — Map (db m23847) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — First Regiment Heavy ArtilleryMassachusetts Volunteers
In commemoration of the deeds of the First Regiment Heavy Artillery Massachusetts Volunteers (Armed as Infantry) Three hundred and ninety eight of whose members fell within an horn around this spot during an action fought May 13, 1864 Between a . . . — Map (db m9048) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Flank Attack!The Battle of the Wilderness
These woods saw some of the heaviest fighting of the Battle of the Wilderness. On May 5, then again on May 6, 1864 ragged Union and Confederate battle lines surged back and forth on both sides of the Orange Plank Road. The stalemate here finally . . . — Map (db m5390) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Forever young,Forever in our hearts
In memory of Sophia M. Silva    1980 - 1996 Kathryn "Kati" N. Lisk    1984 - 1997 Kristen M. Lisk    1982 - 1997 they were taken from us too soon. — Map (db m3671) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Grant Finds an Opening: May 12Spotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — West Wall
Assault on the Muleshoe Emory Upton's success on May 10 prompted Grant to repeat the attack on a much larger scale. This time the target of the assault was the Muleshoe Salient, a huge outward bulge in the center of the Confederate line. If . . . — Map (db m10736) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Grant's May 18th Attack — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Following the fight for the "Bloody Angle," Lee constructed this new line of works across the base of the Muleshoe. Unwilling to attack the Confederates in their new position, Grant shifted east toward the Fredericksburg Road (modern Route 208). . . . — Map (db m10281) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Harris FarmCentral Virginia Battlefield Trust
The Civil War devastated Central Virginia. Four major battles were fought within a fifteen-mile radius of where you now stand and resulted in more than 100,000 casualties. The National Park Service protects portions of these battlefields, but . . . — Map (db m73744) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Harris FarmHarris Farm Engagement — Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign
(sidebar) On May 4, 1864, Union Gen. George Meade’s Army of the Potomac crossed the Rappahannock River to engage Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia and to destroy it. The attack began the Overland Campaign, part . . . — Map (db m73746) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Harris FarmBaptism of Fire — Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign
Organized in January 1862, the 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery spent most of its first two years of service in the defenses of Washington, D.C. Trained as artillerists, the regiment manned the large-caliber cannons in the forts that protected the . . . — Map (db m73747) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Harrison House Site
This post-war photograph of the Harrison House and farm was taken from the northwest not far from where the trail crossed the paved road. Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, commanding the Confederates defending the salient, made his headquarters here on the . . . — Map (db m10284) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Hell ItselfThe Battle of the Wilderness
The Wilderness of today looks different than it did in 1864. Then it was a patchwork of second-growth forest. Brush obscured, briars grabbed, and thickets disrupted the battle lines. One solder described the combat here as "bushwhacking...on a grand . . . — Map (db m7516) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Here Fell General Alexander Hays
. . . — Map (db m6064) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Heth’s SalientThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
With the fighting at the Bloody Angle at an impasse, Grant and Lee looked elsewhere for opportunities to attack. Coincidentally, both men turned their attention to Heth’s Salient, here on the eastern face of the Muleshoe. Grant sought a weak point . . . — Map (db m66235) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — E-127 — Heth's Salient Battle Site
After four days of probing attacks, Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered a frontal assault against the Confederate lines at Spotsylvania Court House on 12 May 1864. The focal point of the attack was the Muleshoe Salient, an outward bulge in the Confederate . . . — Map (db m8915) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Horror on the Orange Plank RoadThe Battle of the Wilderness
Some of the Civil War's heaviest fighting occurred along the Orange Plank Road on May 5 and 6, 1864. One of two major roads passing through the Wilderness, the Plank Road became a magnet for both armies as they struggled to maneuver through the . . . — Map (db m4968) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — In The Nick of Time
As Union battle lines surged into the forest across the Orange Plank Road on your right, and poised in the trees at the far end of the Tapp Field, grayclad figures loped into view from behind you. The leading Confederate units peeled right into the . . . — Map (db m6086) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Jackson AttacksThe Battle of Chancellorsville
"You can go forward then." With those words "Stonewall" Jackson unleashed one of the most famous and successful attacks of the Civil War. On the afternoon of May 2, 1862, Jackson led 30,000 men of his Second Corps to a point just beyond the Union . . . — Map (db m3941) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Jackson's Flank March
Shortly after 8 a.m., May 2, "Stonewall" Jackson's corps marched down the hill behind you and passed Catharine Furnace, bound for the Union Army's right flank. When the Federals spotted Jackson's column, they assumed the Confederates were retreating . . . — Map (db m3604) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — James S. Wadsworth
Brigadier General and Brevet Major General United States Volunteers commanding the 4th Division V Corps Army of the Potomac was mortally wounded near this spot May 6, 1864 and died two days later in the field hospital of Hill’s Confederate Corps: He . . . — Map (db m6062) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Landmark in the Wilderness
The building complex known collectively as Wilderness Tavern appeared in the early 19th century to serve the needs of travellers. Located on either side of the Fredericksburg-Orange Turnpike, the original roadbed of which survives today as the . . . — Map (db m7499) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Landram FarmMOLLUS Monument
These one hundred and sixty-two acres known as the Landram Farm, were presented to the Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park by the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States commandery of the State of Pennsylvania and . . . — Map (db m10327) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Landram House
These stone chimneys are all that remain of the Landram house, a prominent landmark during the Spotsylvania Campaign. The Confederate picket reserve stood here shivering in the early morning fog on May 12, 1864 when the silence was suddenly . . . — Map (db m10326) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Laurel HillThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
[The] Federal assaults were not only easily repulsed, but the forces making them were simply slaughtered. Private John Coxe, 2nd South Carolina Infantry Before you lies Laurel Hill, one of the most important but least understood areas . . . — Map (db m66219) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Lee to the rear!
Lee to the rear! cried the Texans. May 6, 1864 — Map (db m6029) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Lee to the Rear! — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The General's countenance showed that he had despaired and was ready to die rather than see the defeat of his army. Isaac G. Bradwell, 3rd Georgia Infantry In these fields on the morning of May 12, 1864, Gen. Robert E. Lee faced a crisis so . . . — Map (db m10426) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Lee’s Headquarters
Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse May 10, 11, 12, 1864 1903      Replaced      1964Map (db m3664) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Lee's Last Line
These well-preserved earthworks which run east and west through the woods are the remains of the defensive position constructed during the fighting at the Bloody Angle. Major General Martin Luther Smith, Lee's chief engineer and designer of the . . . — Map (db m10283) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Lee-to-the-Rear
Many accounts relate the story of General Lee’s personal attempt to lead the charge of the Texas Brigade. No two versions entirely agree and we may never know which details belong to history and which belong to mythology. Colonel Charles S. . . . — Map (db m6093) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Longstreet FelledThe Battle of the Wilderness
It was the most successful day of James Longstreet’s career. He had arrived on the Wilderness battlefield early in the day to find the Confederate army in full retreat and in danger of being destroyed. His troops had prevented disaster. Now, at . . . — Map (db m5392) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Maryland Monument
Judge Charles E. Phelps of the Maryland Court of Appeals erected this granite monument shortly after the turn of the century. On May 8, 1864, Phelps, then colonel of the 7th Maryland, helped lead the headlong charge of the Maryland Brigade across . . . — Map (db m10255) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Mayhem in the Muleshoe — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Surrounded on all sides by low ridge lines, Neil MccCoull's house sat in the center of the famous Muleshoe Salient. On the night of May 8, 1864, Confederate engineers built the bulging line of earthworks that wrapped around McCoull's farm to the . . . — Map (db m10289) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — McCoull Spring
This spring has always been important to the McCoull family but on May 12, 1864 it became a vital source of rejuvenation to hundreds of Confederates involved in the fighting at the Bloody Angle. Colonel Charles S. Venable, an aide-de-camp to Lee, . . . — Map (db m10291) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — McGowan's Brigade
(Front):South Carolina McGowan's Brigade Brig. Gen. Samuel McGowan 1st S.C. Infantry Col. Comillus W. McCreary Orr's Rifles Lt. Col. George McD. Miller 12th S.C. Infantry Maj. Thomas F. Clyburne 13th S.C. Infantry Col. Benjamin T. . . . — Map (db m19073) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — No Turning BackThe Battle of the Wilderness
When the armies departed the Wilderness, they left behind a disfigured landscape. Trenches twisted like earthen snakes through the woods, and blackened leaves marked the paths of fires. Along the Brock Road, noted one soldier, trees "were scarred by . . . — Map (db m4966) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — No Turning BackSpotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — North Wall
No Turning Back Defeated but undeterred, Grant abandoned Spotsylvania's blood-soaked fields on May 21 and continued south -- toward Richmond and ultimate victory. In his wake he left a scarred landscape pitted with thousands of graves. An . . . — Map (db m10740) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Old Wilderness Tavern
Known for many years as "Old Wilderness Tavern," the frame building at your left of this view, was a dependency of a by-gone complex. The site of the main structure is located by the brick ruins to the right of the picture, taken about 1865. In the . . . — Map (db m7500) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — On to Richmond!The Battle of the Wilderness
Before the Wilderness, battlefield stalemate meant retreat by one side or the other - a return to the starting point to try again another day. But not here. Union General-in-Chief Ulysses S. Grant rendered stalemate in the Wilderness irrelevant. On . . . — Map (db m4967) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Ordeal of the WellfordsThe Battle of Chancellorsville
In December 1862 the Wellford family fled Fredericksburg to escape the ravages of battle. Five months later war found them again - here, in a commodious brick home that stood in the field in front of you. On April 30, Union troops arrived. "About 20 . . . — Map (db m3919) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Pressing the AttackThe Battle of Chancellorsville
That evening, as the fighting subsided, Confederate officers reassembled their commands in the clearing surrounding Wilderness Church, one-half mile in front of you. The attack had taken a heavy toll on the army's organization. Units had become . . . — Map (db m3938) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Ramseur's Brigade
2nd North Carolina State Troops Col. William R. Cox 4th North Carolina State Troops Col. Bryan Grimes 14th North Carolina Troops Col. R. Tyler Bennett 30th North Carolina Troops Col. Francis M. Parker At dawn May 12, 1864 Union troops . . . — Map (db m10286) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Rearguard ActionThe Battle of Fredericksburg
On May 2, 1863, as the tail end of Stonewall Jackson's flanking column neared the Wellford place, Union infantry launched an attack. They struck Jackson's rearguard (the 23rd Georgia) a half-mile to the north, at Catharine Furnace. From there, they . . . — Map (db m11432) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Secondary Education for African American Children
The Spotsylvania Sunday School Union (SSSU) was formed in 1905 by 12 African American Baptist churches for the purpose of promoting education past the 7th grade for their children. Initially they helped the growth of the Fredericksburg Normal & . . . — Map (db m84589) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Sedgwick
(North face): Erected to commemorate this spot where Maj Genl John Sedgwick, U.S. Vols. Commanding Sixth Army Corps was killed in action on the morning of the 9th of May 1864. (East face): A tribute to a beloved Commander by the . . . — Map (db m3694) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Seeing the ElephantThe 1st Massachusetts Heavy Artillery at Harris Farm — Harris Farm Battlefield Civil War Site
Union heavy artillery regiments serving as infantry shouldered the brunt of the fighting at Harris Farm. The "Heavies," as the members of the heavy artillery units were called, had been pulled from forts protecting Washington, D.C., to make up for . . . — Map (db m81309) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Sergeant Benjamin Brown
The President of the United States of America, in the name of Congress, takes pleasure in presenting the Medal of honor to Sergeant Benjamin Brown, United States Army, for extraordinary heroism on 11 May 1889, while serving with Company C, 24th . . . — Map (db m84597) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Social and Economic Richness in the Livingston District
Spotsylvania is situated almost directly in the middle of a gold-pyrite belt that runs 140 miles through 12 counties from Fairfax to Buckingham. At least six major mines operated in the county, some as early as 1804. Those mines were the Mitchell . . . — Map (db m84592) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spindle House — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Many Spotsylvania families lost property during the war, but Sarah Spindle nearly lost her life. The 36-year-old widow and her family had just sat down to breakfast on May 8, 1864, when the popping of rifles announced the presence of hostile troops. . . . — Map (db m10253) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 8, 1864. Here began the second delay on Grant's bloody road to Richmond. Having failed to crush Lee in the Wilderness, the Federals attempted to outflank the Confederates by way of Spotsylvania Court House. After a hard night's march, harassed . . . — Map (db m10199) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 9-14, 1864. The village of Spotsylvania Court House, two miles farther down the Brock Road, became of utmost temporary importance, since it now protected Lee's communications with Richmond. As the Confederates threw up earthworks around the . . . — Map (db m10205) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
Union Gen. G.K. Warren's V Corps occupied this line in the early phases of the Spotsylvania operations. Despite hard fighting, Warren could not break the Confederate line on this front. During the dark and rainy night of May 13, 1864, the V Corps . . . — Map (db m10213) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12-13, 1864. This line of earthworks, the remains of which run eastward through the woodland, was built across the base of the Confederate "Mule Shoe" during the Federal attacks against the Salient. As the weary Confederates held their enemies . . . — Map (db m10278) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 18, 1864. About dawn, Hancock's and Wright's Corps advanced southward past the McCoull House and attacked Ewell's Corps which was holding the new line. They hoped to repeat the Federal success of May 12. This time, however, Confederate cannon . . . — Map (db m10279) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 10, 1864. Here along the west face of the Confederate Salient, or "Mule Shoe," Dole's Brigade of Ewell's II Corps had been alert all afternoon. At 6 p.m., when Federal cannonading ceased, it seemed the day would end quietly. Then Upton's . . . — Map (db m10295) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 10,1864. After a day of sporadic fighting, the Federal high command sent Col. Emory Upton and twelve picked regiments of the VI Corps to strike the west face of the Confederate Salient. Starting in this vicinity near the Scott (Shelton) House . . . — Map (db m10302) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
This road leads to the Landram House ruin. In the days of the Civil War it was a small whitewashed dwelling built of squared logs and heated by stone-chimneyed fireplaces. From similar modest homesteads, North and South, had spring Abraham Lincoln . . . — Map (db m10309) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12, 1864. Union commanders Grant and Meade determined to exploit the Confederate "Mule Shoe." Early in the morning they sent Hancock's II Corps against the apex of the Salient (300 yards east). Hancock took the trenches on either side of the . . . — Map (db m10310) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12, 1864. About 6 a.m. Wright's VI Corps advancing to support Hancock's attack occupied the area in front of the Confederate works on the west face of the Salient. Here at a slight bend in the line, the area ever after known as the Bloody Angle, . . . — Map (db m10311) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12, 1864. About 4:30 a.m. Hancock's Federal II Corps, in one of the greatest surprise attacks of the War, struck Ewell's Confederate Corps entrenched here. Advancing in a solid rectangular mass, the Federal troops overwhelmed the defenders. The . . . — Map (db m10397) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12, 1864. In the large scale attack of this day, Warren's V Corps on the Federal right and Burnside's IX on the left engaged the Confederate forces facing them while Wright's VI moved to help Hancock. The seriousness of Lee's counterattack . . . — Map (db m10403) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12, 1864. From this point the trenches of the Confederate Salient run southward. This road continues westward along a secondary line which was held by Gordon's Division. Gordon's line tied into the east face of the Salient here, where Ewell's . . . — Map (db m10427) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 12, 1864. Burnside's IX Corps, having swung east in its march from the Wilderness, engaged the Confederates by way of the Fredericksburg-Spotsylvania Road and held the Federal left in this area. On the morning of May 12 Burnside was ordered to . . . — Map (db m10429) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Campaign
May 11-12, 1864. About two hundred yards southward stood the Harrison House where Lee gave his momentous order to Ewell, on the evening of May 11, to remove the artillery from the Salient. Lee pitched his tent in the Harrison House vicinity. Early . . . — Map (db m14684) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania County Honor Roll
To honor the men of Spotsylvania County who made the supreme sacrifice that we might be free World War I Bartleson, Clayton W. • Brooks, Beverly F. • Byiers, John S. • Carnohan, George T. • Curtis, Morris J. • Hall, Archie Bryant • Hall, . . . — Map (db m3672) WM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania County Jail
When the Blockhouse Road Courthouse, located 3 miles southwest of here, burned to the ground in 1937, the new Courthouse was built at this intersection of the Fredericksburg and Brock roads on property conveyed from tavern owner, Lewis Rawlings. . . . — Map (db m3719) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Court HouseIn the Path of War — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
At the time of the Civil War, Spotsylvania Court House was a small community of about one dozen buildings surrounded by woods and rolling fields. “It was not a town,” a chaplain in the 126th Pennsylvania noted. “It was composed of . . . — Map (db m3712) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Court HouseHistoric District — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
Many of the buildings that comprised the 1864 village of Spotsylvania Court House still stand today. Pamphlets located in the box below will lead you on a 30-minute waling tour of the historic town. — Map (db m3714) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Courthouse and Jail
A formal system of adjudication and punishment has existed in this county since the first court was seated in Germanna in ~1722. Through the years, the County seat and court building moved four times until its final location here at the intersection . . . — Map (db m73751) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania Sunday School Union Parksite
Formerly the John J. Wright Parksite, the renamed Spotsylvania Sunday School Union (SSSU) Parksite is an example of long- standing community partnership and involvement. The parksite comprises 10 acres - a portion of 158.5 acres originally owned by . . . — Map (db m84591) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania’s First African American ChurchLittle Mine Road Baptist Church
History did not record his name . . . the black member of nearby Mine Road Baptist Church who worked as a coachman for one of the white congregants. He asked whether his fellow black church members who sat obediently in the balcony on Sundays could . . . — Map (db m84593) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Spotsylvania's War Effort
The year is 1917. Everybody in Spotsylania County has a brother,relative or friend fighting in Europe. All of America has mobilized its resources to fight and win the Great World War. Gleaming in the afternoon sun, a year-old rail line runs on . . . — Map (db m82267) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Struggle for the Bloody AngleThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
For 22 hours combat raged on the landscape in front of you. Although the fighting extended for half a mile, the battle focused on (and became identified with) a slight bend in the Confederate lines known thereafter as the Bloody Angle. The fighting . . . — Map (db m66228) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Stubbs School
The Stubbs School is typical of African-American public schools scattered throughout the county between 1870 and 1952. This modest one-room school opened in the early 1930s. The building lacked electricity and plumbing. Its only heat source was . . . — Map (db m3711) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Testing the Line: May 8-10Spotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — West Wall
If It Takes All Summer Grant's failure to win the race to Spotsylvania led to two weeks of brutal combat. Aggressive and impatient, the Union commander relentlessly hammered away at the entrenched Confederate line, looking for weakness. Laurel . . . — Map (db m10735) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Texas
(Front Side): Remembers the valor and devotion of her sons who served at the Wilderness May 6, 1864 From near this spot the Texas Brigade pleaded with General Lee not to expose himself to Federal fire and then after seeing him to safety, . . . — Map (db m5473) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Battle of Harris FarmFinal Battle Around Spotsylvania Court House — Harris Farm Battlefield Civil War Site
From May 8-18, 1864, Union troops battered Gen. Robert E. Lee's lines at Spotsylvania Court House. Unable to defeat the Confederates by direct assault, Union commander Ulysses S. Grant determined to head south, drawing Lee out of his Spotsylvania . . . — Map (db m9046) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Battle of SpotsylvaniaSpotsylvania Exhibit Shelter — West Wall
"Nothing in history equals this contest. Desperate, long and deadly, it still goes on. From morn till night, nor ends the carnage there -- all night it goes on too. I cannot tell you any of the particulars. You could not understand it. I do not . . . — Map (db m10708) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The ClimaxThe Battle of the Wilderness
The Battle of the Wilderness climaxed here in the twilight of May 6, 1864. After a day of seesaw fighting in the woods behind you, the Confederates mounted a final effort to take the Plank Road-Brock Road intersection, 100 yards to your left. . . . — Map (db m7529) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Confederate EarthworksThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
These modest mounds are all that remain of the Muleshoe Salient’s once-formidable earthworks. Begun by the Confederates on the night of May 8, the works were four feet high, with a two-foot-deep trench. Dirt from the trench was thrown against the . . . — Map (db m66229) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Confederate Line — Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The landscape in front of you bears vivid testimony to the nature of fighting here in May 1864. At Spotsylvania, not only did soldiers build stout dirt and log works to protect them from fire in front, but they also built shorter trenches called . . . — Map (db m10404) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Death of Sedgwick
Maj. Gen. John Sedgwick, commander of the Sixth Corps, was one of the most popular senior officers in the Army of the Potomac. On the morning of May 9, 1864, Sedgwick arrived here to direct some minor redeployment of his troops. Ignoring warnings . . . — Map (db m3692) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Death of SedgwickThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Sedgwick was essentially a soldier. He had never married; the camp was his home, and the members of his staff were his family. He was always spoken of familiarly as “Uncle John,” and the news of his death fell upon his comrades with . . . — Map (db m66217) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Flying DutchmenThe Battle of Chancellorsville
The target of Jackson's attack was General Oliver O. Howard's Eleventh Corps, which extended for more than a mile along the Orange Turnpike. The Eleventh Corps was relatively new to the Army of the Potomac. Its 11,000 men included a large percentage . . . — Map (db m3939) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Fredericksburg RoadThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
The Fredericksburg Road, on your left, was the Army of the Potomac’s main line of supply during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House. Each day hundreds of wagons lumbered down the road, bringing tons of food, arms, and ammunition to the insatiable . . . — Map (db m66236) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Good Hope Colored School
The Livingston district at Spotsylvania County had the largest number of one-room schools for African American children in the county before consolidation in the 1950s. As late as the mid 1990s, two of those schools were still standing, albeit . . . — Map (db m73750) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Harrison House — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Like most Spotsylvania County residents, Edgar W. Harrison little imagined the impact the Civil War would have on his community and his life. Harrison, his wife Ann, and their three young children lived in a story-and-a-half farmhouse set on the . . . — Map (db m10424) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Landram House — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
The rubble of two chimneys is all that remains of Willis Landram's modest farmhouse, a building destroyed in the 1864 battle. The 65-year-old Landram, his wife Lucy, and five other family members chiseled a life of bare essentials from 170 acres. . . . — Map (db m10325) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The McCoull House — The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
This was the home of farmer Neil McCoull and his unmarried sisters Mary, Eliza, and Milly. McCoull's farm was typical of those that dotted Spotsylvania County: a few hundred acres that produced a modest income from corn and other grains. Like his . . . — Map (db m10290) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Muleshoe SalientThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
One hundred and fifty yards ahead of you is the Bloody Angle, perhaps the most hallowed site on any Civil War battlefield. The Bloody Angle is a small bend in the Confederate works within the much larger Muleshoe Salient, a huge outward bulge in the . . . — Map (db m66222) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Ninth CorpsThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
To support Hancock’s May 12 assault at the East Angle, Grant ordered General Ambrose E. Burnside’s Ninth Corps to attack the Muleshoe Salient here along its eastern face. Shouldering their way through wet woods, Burnside’s men reached this spot . . . — Map (db m66234) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Piney Branch School
“How well do l remember the night before my first day in school. I remember the night before because my mother washed my little white coat and today l can see it hanging on the line in the kitchen. I had been told that I was going to . . . — Map (db m84595) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Race for Spotsylvania Court HouseThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
On the 8th of May we had the hardest march of the war….as we neared Spottsylvania the rattling of musketry told us too plainly our day’s trials were not over…. Sergeant James M. Thompson 6th Alabama Infantry After two days of . . . — Map (db m66218) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Spindle House
A large frame house belonging to Sarah Spindle stood here in 1864. The opening engagement of the Spotsylvania Campaign swirled across the Spindle Farm on the morning of May 8 as Union troops dashed through these open fields toward the Confederate . . . — Map (db m10252) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Texans Attack
Brigadier General John Gregg formed his four Confederate regiments near the far edge of the Tapp Field behind you and advanced them about 400 yards toward the Union battle line, which stood near here. The Southerners moved diagonally across the . . . — Map (db m6088) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Vermont Brigade
(Front): In these woods, during the Battle of the Wilderness on May 5 and 6, 1864, Vermont's "Old Brigade" suffered 1,234 casualties while defending the Brock Road and Orange Plank Road intersection. (Back): "The flag of each . . . — Map (db m7523) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Widow Tapp House
The Tapp Farm exemplifies the lifestyle of most Wilderness residents. Catharine Tapp, age 55 in 1860, leased her land from the Lacy family who owned nearby Ellwood. The Widow Tapp shared her modest 1-1/2 story log home with five relatives and a . . . — Map (db m6090) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — The Wilderness and the Overland Campaign
Known as The Wilderness, the land is comprised of approximately 9,000 acres of rolling fields and dense woods and was the site of what became the first stage of an epic a confrontation between the armies of Ulysses S. Grant and . . . — Map (db m84598) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — E-128 — Third Spotsylvania County Courthouse Site
This site was the location of the third Spotsylvania courthouse. In 1722 the first county court session was held at Germanna (now in Orange County) and a courthouse was built soon after. The court was relocated to Fredericksburg in 1732. In 1778 the . . . — Map (db m65065) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — U. S. Colored Troops in Spotsylvania
Both politicians and the public were extremely war-weary and anxious for the Civil War to end. By summer 1862, President Abraham Lincoln knew that conditions had worsened and that new tactics were necessary to thwart Confederate advances. That new . . . — Map (db m84596) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Upton’s AssaultThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
Just before 6 p.m. on May 10, 1864, 5,000 Union soldiers led by Colonel Emory Upton—formed in deep masses rather than traditional battle lines—emerged from the woods ahead of you and dashed across this field. They reached the main . . . — Map (db m66231) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Upton’s TrailThe Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse
By the night of May 8, the Confederate army was in firm possession of Spotsylvania Court House. With Lee entrenching, Grant looked for opportunities to attack. Reports from the front indicated that the Confederates were in force on both their left . . . — Map (db m66221) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Upton's Charge
(Front): Sixth Corps Memorial to the brave and daring men who fought in Upton's Charge May 10,1964 5 Me - 96 Pa. - 121 N.Y. 5 Wis - 6 Me - 49 Pa. 119 Pa. - 77 N.Y. - 43 N.Y. 6 Vt. - 5 Vt. - 2 Vt. (Back): Confederate Mule . . . — Map (db m10300) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Valuable CrossroadsBattle of the Wilderness
Just after noon on May 5, 1864, Union troops raced toward this intersection. With Confederates from General A.P. Hill's corps sweeping down the Orange Plank Road from the west, blue-clad troops under George W. Getty arrived here just moments before . . . — Map (db m4969) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Vista Clearing at Spotsylvania
Over a century has elapsed since the destiny of the nation was debated by arms at Spotsylvania. Many physical changes have altered the appearance of the battlefield during these years including the reclamation of old fields and pastures by an . . . — Map (db m10315) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Warren's LineThe Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Following its failure to take Laurel Hill on May 8, 1864, General Gouverneur K. Warren's Fifth Corps entrenched here. This crescent-shape work protected two Union cannons. Warren's line extended from the Po River, one mile to your right, to the . . . — Map (db m72888) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Widow Tapp’s FieldBattle of the Wilderness
Few families of modest means became so famous. In this field lived widow Catherine Tapp, who with other family members eked out an existence from the poor soil. The Tapps occupied a lopsided log cabin about 300 yards in front of you – seven . . . — Map (db m6057) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Wilderness Campaign
May 5, 1864. In the early afternoon, Wadsworth's Division of Warren's Corps hit the right flank of Rodes' Confederate Division near this point. Its left already crippled by Griffin's Division on the Turnpike a mile north, Rodes' line here staggered . . . — Map (db m7408) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Wilderness Campaign
May 5-6, 1864. The bluecoats of Crawford's Division emerged into the sunlight of this clearing, the Chewning Farm, on May 5 in the predetermined moved toward Parker's Store on the Orange Plank Road. Lee's eastward thrust, however, changed all Union . . . — Map (db m7463) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Wilderness Campaign
May 5, 1864. Since Longstreet's Corps was still on the way from encampment near Gordonsville, Lee began this battle with only two of his three corps. Keeping Ewell on the defensive in the Orange Turnpike sector, he pushed A.P. Hill's Corps eastward . . . — Map (db m7466) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Wilderness Campaign
May 6, 1864, Hancock's Federal soldiers opened the second day of battle about 5 a.m. Hill's Confederates were driven westward to this vicinity, the small clearing of the Widow Tapp Farm where Lee had his headquarters. As Col. William T. Poague's . . . — Map (db m7490) HM
Virginia (Spotsylvania County), Spotsylvania — Zion Methodist ChurchThe Edge of the Storm — Lee vs. Grant – The 1864 Campaign
Virginia churches suffered heavily in the Civil War, being used by contending armies as headquarters, hospitals and barracks. Zion Church was no exception. In August 1862, Union soldiers stopped briefly at the church during an expedition to southern . . . — Map (db m3709) HM

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