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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

Springfield, Illinois Historical Markers

 
1859-1911 Marker image, Touch for more information
By Larry Senalik, April 6, 2012
1859-1911 Marker
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — 1859-1911
The Sangamon County Old Settlers Society dedicated this tablet to commemorate the first white settlement in Sangamon County when in the fall of 1817 Robert Pulliam built a log cabin about ten and one half miles south on S.W. Ό Sec. 21, T. 14, N.R. . . . — Map (db m54167) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Abraham Lincoln - Eighth Judicial District — Springfield, Illinois — County-Seat Marker
Abraham Lincoln traveled this way as he rode the Circuit of the Eighth Judicial District ··· 1847 - 1857 — Map (db m12134) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Abraham Lincoln and the Talisman
Prior to the coming of the railroads, Springfield was handicapped by inadequate transportation facilities. Early in 1832, Vincent A. Bogue, Springfield businessman and promoter, planned to supply the Sangamon River region with steamboat service. He . . . — Map (db m54765) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Abraham Lincoln's. Tomb
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic sites Act of August 31, 1935 This site possesses exceptional value om commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States . . . — Map (db m49003) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Acts of Intolerance — A Commemorative Sculpture
Two charred chimneys rising from the smoldering rubble of burned-out buildings---these stark images from an old photograph were the inspiration for this unique sculpture by acclaimed artist Preston Jackson. The sculpture commemorates the centennial . . . — Map (db m48871) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Allen Miller House
Allen and Clarissa Miller had their house built shortly after purchasing this double lot in 1855 for $650. They and their three young children shared the house with Clarissa's brother, James Keys, and his wife. At the time, Miller was a prosperous . . . — Map (db m48368) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Animal Problems
Cultural differences made it hard for citizens to agree on animal control policies. Well into the 1850's hogs freely roamed the streets, contesting the walkways with pedestrians, rooting up sidewalk planks, and creating smelly "how . . . — Map (db m57077) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Brunwick's Billiard Hall
In 1860 Emanuel Brunswick opened a billiard hall in the second floor of the building just east of the Chenery House here on Washington Street. It contained elegant Brunswick tables and was touted as the largest and best hall in Illinois . . . — Map (db m57057) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Building the Lincoln Tomb
On April 24, 1865, several associates of Abraham Lincoln formed the National Lincoln Monument Association to raise funds for and build a fitting memorial over the president's grave. An 1868 competition chose the monument design of sculptor Larking . . . — Map (db m49002) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — C. M. & S. Smith Store
Shoppers at Clark M. Smith's All-Purpose Store on the South Side of the public square seldom paid cash. Money was scarce; credit accounts were common. Smith's in-laws---the Lincolns---had an account. After her husband lost the Senate race to . . . — Map (db m48620) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Camp Butler
Camp Butler, Civil War concentration camp for Illinois volunteers, occupied a large area in this vicinity from 1861 to 1866. It was also a prison camp for captured Confederates. Now a National Cemetery, it contains the graves of 1642 Union and . . . — Map (db m4621) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Camp Butler
Camp Butler was established in 1861as a Civil War training camp and mobilization center for Illinois recruits. Selected by State officials and Brigadier General William T. Sherman and named for Illinois State Treasurer William Butler (1859-1863), . . . — Map (db m51876) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Campaign Poles
(Left) Campaign poles sported flags and banners, such as this one from 1844 supporting Lincoln's hero, Henry clay. Lashed to Lincoln's 120-foot presidential Ash Pole in 1860 was a broom--- signifying Lincoln's intent to sweep corrupt Democrats . . . — Map (db m48902) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Charles Arnold House
This was the Arnold residence from 1850 to the 1870's. A political ally of Abraham Lincoln, Arnold was twice elected County Sheriff on the Whig ticket during the years he was Lincoln's neighbor. — Map (db m48455) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Charles Corneau House
This was the residence of Lincoln's friend, Charles Corneau, a Springfield druggist. Historic records show that the Lincoln family purchased such items as "Cough Candy," "Castor Oil," and "Hair Balsam" at the Corneau and Diller drugstore. Like . . . — Map (db m48365) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Cook's Hall
When it opened in 1858, Cook's Hall became the largest of Springfield's public halls. Its gas-lighted auditorium and gallery were the grandest in the region. A wealthy soap and candle manufacturer, John Cook, built the hall following a . . . — Map (db m48557) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Corneau & Diller Drug Store
Apothecaries in the mid-19th century carried a surprising variety of drugs and remedies---potassium iodide for rheumatism and syphilis, sulphate of quinine for tooth powder, opium elixir for toothache, and camphor . . . — Map (db m48560) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Curran's Jewelry Shop
The Gregarious General Isaac B. Curran was a prominent citizen in Lincoln's Springfield. His store here on the south side of the square was a popular gathering place for Lincoln's political opponents. Curran arrived as a young silversmith from . . . — Map (db m48740) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Daily Life in 1860
These green lawns and groomed streets were once far noisier, messier, and smellier than they are today. many residents of Springfield kept horses, cows, and chickens on their property. They also tended gardens, washed laundry, hauled water, and . . . — Map (db m48541) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Dana Thomas House
State Historical Site Frank Lloyd Wright Architect Built 1902-1904 — Map (db m4823) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Departure Point of The Donner Party
Lincoln Square marks the Departure Point of the Donner Party on April 15, 1846 for thier ill-fated trip to California. — Map (db m12317) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Economic and Ethnic Diversity in Springfield
In Abraham Lincoln's time, many residents of Springfield came from someplace else, whether a state or an ocean away. Southerners, northerners, and European immigrants came here to improve their lot in life, much as Lincoln had in 1837. Springfield's . . . — Map (db m48452) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Florville's Barber Shop
William Florville was Lincoln's barber for twenty-four years. Florville, or de Fleurville ("Billy the Barber" to his white customers), was born in Haiti of French ancestry. He came to America at age fifteen and was a barber's apprentice in . . . — Map (db m57193) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — George W. Shutt House
In 1860, this house was rented to young lawyer George Shutt and his family. Unlike most of Lincoln's politically active neighbors, Shutt supported Stephen A. Douglas in his campaign against Lincoln for the Presidency in 1860. — Map (db m48371) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Globe Tavern
The Globe Tavern as it appeared in May 1865 at the time of Lincoln's funeral. the Lincolns lived here from November 1842 until the winter or early spring of 1844. At that time the tavern consisted of two buildings joined as a "T," with the older . . . — Map (db m48903) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Great Western Depot
Throngs give big sendoff to Lincoln Monday morning February 11, 1861 dawned dismal and gray. A chilling drizzle soakedthe dirt roads of the capital. At 7:30 A.M., a carriage pulled up here in front of the depot, and President-elect . . . — Map (db m48554) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Great Western Railroad Depot
This depot, built in 1852, was the site of Abraham Lincoln's famous farewell address upon leaving Springfield on February 11, 1861, to assume the presidency of the United States. — Map (db m48555) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Harriett Dean House
In 1838, Abraham Lincoln purchased two lots in this block for $300. Twelve years later, he sold a half lot to Harriet Dean for $125.00 Mrs. Dean purchased an adjacent lot from someone else and had a house built, thus becoming a neighbor of the . . . — Map (db m48539) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Henson Lyon House
This was the residence of Henson Lyon in 1860. the census of that year identified him as a farmer and the owner of $12,000 in real estate, and $3,000 in personal property, indicating that he was comparatively wealthy. — Map (db m48458) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Henson Robinson House
During the 1860's, this was the residence of Henson Robinson, a partner in a Springfield business concern that sold stoves, furnaces, and tinware. Robinson's company had a contract to manufacture tin cups and plates for soldiers during the Civil War. — Map (db m48449) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Highway Tree Planting
One of the first comprehensive highway tree planting projects in Illinois is along this route which leads to the New Salem State Park. The planting, which was completed in 1934, was sponsored by the Women's Horner Clubs of Sangamon County. — Map (db m42764) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Illinois State Military Museum
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m57342) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Illinois State Register
November 1858 Register notices published on Election Day and the day after---documenting the end of the heated and hectic Lincoln-Douglas Senatorial contest.

When the seat of government left Vandalia in 1839, the former . . . — Map (db m48901) HM

Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — In Their Springfield Prime
1854 marked Lincoln's public return to politics following a five-year hiatus. That year Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois pushed the "Kansas-Nebraska Act" through the U.S. Congress, overturning the 1820 Missouri Compromise line. Fearing . . . — Map (db m48577) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Jesse K. Dubois House
This was the home of Jesse K. Dubois and his family from 1859 to 1864. Dubois was the Illinois State Auditor, a close friend of Abraham Lincoln and his most important political ally in this neighborhood. One of the Dubois sons was named after . . . — Map (db m48370) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Joshua Speed's Store
There was a housing shortage in Springfield when 28 year old Abraham Lincoln---riding a borrowed horse---moved here from New Salem in April 1837. Builders couldn't keep up with the newly designated state capital. One of Lincoln's first stops . . . — Map (db m48899) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Julia Sprigg House
Mrs. Sprigg, a widow, purchased this house in 1853 and used it as a residence for herself and her children until 1869.

She became close friends with her neighbor, Mrs. Lincoln; Mrs. Sprigg's daughter often babysat for the younger Lincoln boys. — Map (db m48366) HM

Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Leaping Lincoln
In November 1840 legislators convened in the cramped quarters of the Methodist Church while workers were completing the statehouse a block away. "The House of Representatives was crammed in a room barely large enough for the members . . . — Map (db m57068) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln Home National Historic Site
Lincoln Home National Historic Site is part of the National Park System, one of more than 390 parks that are important examples of our nation's heritage. This unit of the National Park Service preserves the home of the nation's 16th president, . . . — Map (db m48372) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln the Leader
During four years as President, Abraham Lincoln spent much of his time among the troops. They were important because they were the people who would get the job done. He frequented the War Department's telegraph office to stay abreast of . . . — Map (db m57340) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln’s Farewell to Springfield
February 11, 1861 My friends, no one not in my situation can appreciate my feelings of sadness at this parting, to this place, and the kindness of this people, I owe everything. Here I have lived a quarter of a century, and have passed from a young . . . — Map (db m4611) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln’s Tomb
Lincoln [Also engraved in the stone around the tomb are the names or abbreviations of every state at the time of Abraham Lincoln’s death]Map (db m4861) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln-Era Fire Companies
Lincoln's Springfield was vulnerable to fire, Crowded wood-frame buildings, open flames in stoves, fireplaces, candles, and primitive gas lighting ineffective alarms, muddy streets, and inadequate water supplies---all combined to make . . . — Map (db m57167) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices
Abraham Lincoln prepared and wrote his first inaugural address as President of the United States, in the third story of this building in the month of January, 1861. — Map (db m4622) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices
This portion of the Tinsley Building, a merchant block constructed in 1840-1841, is the only surviving structure in which Abraham Lincoln maintained a law office. Intended originally for commercial use, much of the building was rented for other . . . — Map (db m4656) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Carriage Maker
Lincoln brought his buggy to Obed Lewis for servicing at his shop on the north side of Monroe Street between Sixth and Seventh Streets. When Lincoln first arrived in Springfield riding a borrowed horse he wondered at the "great deal of . . . — Map (db m57164) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Dentist
Americans had poor oral hygiene in Lincoln's era. Rotten teeth and foul breath were common (halitosis was not yet a social evil). Calomel frequently prescribed by doctors for fevers caused many people to have loose teeth. Dentistry was plagued . . . — Map (db m48621) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Hat
Lincoln reportedly has a "very defective taste" in hats. At various times he was known to have worn fur caps, straw or palm hats, and broad, low-brimmed wool or felt hats. He is best known for the "plug" or stovepipe hats he wore as a lawyer . . . — Map (db m48875) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Home Becomes a Shrine
Lincoln understood the importance of making his image available for the presidential campaign. Springfield photographer Preston Butler captured several likenesses of Lincoln during the 1860 election.

Lower Left Ambrotype of Abraham . . . — Map (db m48317) HM

Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Horse
When Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on April 9, 1865,joyous citizens decorated Lincoln's horse, Old Bob, with flags and led him triumphantly through the streets of . . . — Map (db m48553) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Last Law Office
Lincoln and Herndon rented law offices at several locations over the years. Their last was a rear room on the second floor in a building that stood here. Leslie's Weekly published this drawing of the office interior during the 1860 presidential . . . — Map (db m48896) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lincoln's Springfield
Twenty-eight-year-old Abraham Lincoln settled here in 1837. He was unmarried, unlearned, unrefined, with "no wealthy or popular relations to recommend me." On the day before his fifty-second birthday, Lincoln left here a profoundly changed man; . . . — Map (db m48571) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Lindbergh Field
"Site of" 1st Airport in Sangamon County Lindbergh Field April 1926 to 1929 — Map (db m40849) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Mary Lincoln's Circle of Friends
Mary Lincoln formed lasting friendships with women in her neighborhood, including Julia Sprigg and Hanna Shearer, and exchanged a lively correspondence with many out-of-town relatives and friends.

Julia Sprigg lived in the house behind you and was . . . — Map (db m48367) HM

Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Mary Lincoln's Family
These four Todd sisters each married a Springfield man and established households within a few blocks of each other, Elizabeth was the oldest and became Mary's surrogate mother." Frances lived closest to Mary (across the street where the Grace . . . — Map (db m48550) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Mary Lincoln's Ring
"Love is Eternal" were the words engraved in the plain gold band that Abraham Lincoln slipped on Mary's finger at their wedding in Springfield on November 4, 1842. The inscription reflected the ideal of "romantic love" that swept America in the . . . — Map (db m48874) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Old State Capitol
The Old State Capitol was the fifth Statehouse in Illinois history. The building served as Capitol from 1839 to 1876. Its cornerstone was laid during ceremonies held July 4, 1837. During the 1840s and 1850s the building dominated Springfield's . . . — Map (db m4821) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Our Fallen Illinois Service Members
In memory of Our fallen Illinois service members in Operation Enduring Freedom and Operation Iraqi freedom

"The torch has been passed to a new generation of Americans - born in this century, tempered by war, disciplined by a hard and . . . — Map (db m57341) WM

Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Politics in the Neighborhood
Just Imagine! On August 8, 1860, an exuberant political rally parade passed by the Lincoln home, including: 180 train cars of Lincoln supporters 28 oxen pulling a mammoth wagon 21 Wide Awake Clubs (groups of young pro-Lincoln men) 10 decorated . . . — Map (db m48369) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Potawatomi Trail of Death
On Sept. 29, 1838, 800 Potawatomi Indians marched through Springfield on the forced removal from Indiana to Kansas. Although many had died and they faced severe hardship, they were encouraged by Judge Polke and Chief I-o-weh to exhibit pride, so . . . — Map (db m34320) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — President - Elect Abraham Lincoln
In the Old State Capitol Nearby, President-Elect Abraham Lincoln used the Governor's Office as Headquarters until he left for Washington. Early in the Civil War, Ulysses S. Grant also served here as Special Military Aide to Governor Yates. . . . — Map (db m12360) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Receiving Vault
The remains of Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) and his son William Wallace "Willie" rested in this receiving vault from May 4, 1865 to December 21, 1865. The receiving vault was built following Oak Ridge Cemetery's dedication made in 1860. The vault . . . — Map (db m82147) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Reconstruction and Renovation
The Lincoln tomb has undergone two reconstructions. The first, undertaken from 1899 to 1901, corrected a failing foundation. the structure was completely dismantled, new foundations were placed and the tomb was re-erected with an additional 15 feet . . . — Map (db m49006) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Republican Wigwams
During the 1860 election Illinois Republicans held conventions in temporary wood and canvas structures dubbed "Wigwams." "Wigwams" were reminiscent of the "Log Cabins" from the 1840 presidential campaign. They quickly became symbols of . . . — Map (db m57073) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Sarah Cook House
During 1860, this house was rented to Mrs. Cook, a widow, who let rooms to help provide support for herself and her children. In 1855, a Springfield newspaper carried an advertisement for Mrs. Cook's photographic studio, with its "splendid Camera, . . . — Map (db m48453) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Soldiers of the American Revolution
In Memory of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in Sangamon County                 Isaac Baker                      Ezekiel Harrison                 Moses Broadwell             John Lockridge                 George Bryan . . . — Map (db m12427) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Soldiers of the War of 1812
To Honor the Soldiers of the War of 1812 who lie buried in Sangamon County First Column: Roswell Abel • James Adams • William Archer • James Baker • Jacob Baker • Eli Barbre • Isaac Bates • Oliver Bates • Amor Batterton • Philo Beers . . . — Map (db m46175) WM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Solomon Allen Barn
Allen, a gunsmith, owned and lived in a house on this property during the 1850's and '60's. His barn is the only outbuilding from the Lincoln period that still exists in the Historic Site. Many of Lincoln's neighbors kept livestock in barns such as . . . — Map (db m48448) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Some Exterior Features
The tomb's exterior is of granite, the point of the obelisk standing 117 feet high. A bronze statue portrays Lincoln holding the Emancipation Proclamation. The eagle on the plaque below holds in its beak the broken chain of human slavery. Shields . . . — Map (db m49007) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Spanish American War Memorial
West Side Illinois Volunteer Regiments 7th Infantry • Colonel Marcus Kavanaugh 8th Infantry • Colonel John R. Marshall 9th Infantry • Colonel James R. Campbell 1st Cavalry • Colonel Edward G. Young Battery A Light Artillery • Captain . . . — Map (db m81690) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Stephen A. Douglas — “Protect the Flag” Speech
In this Old Capitol on April 25, 1861, Senator Douglas delivered his “Protect the Flag” speech, one of the most heroic and effective speeches in the English language. His plea helped save our Country and was the culmination of his great . . . — Map (db m12428) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Streetscape 1859 — East Side of the Public Square
This is the how the east side of the public square looked from this vantage point (circa 1859), looking north along Sixth Street. The picture shows how buildings were refurbished following the great east-side fire of February 1858. but the . . . — Map (db m48572) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Streetscape 1859
West side of the public square This is the how west side of the public square looked from this vantage point (circa 1859), looking north along Fifth Street. In September 1859 "daguerrean" (photographer) Preston Butler advertised his four . . . — Map (db m48741) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Streetscape 1859
North side of the public square This is the how the north side of the public square looked from this vantage point (circa 1859), looking east along Washington Street. The rickety wood structures of "Chicken Row" that had been familiar to . . . — Map (db m48742) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Streetscape 1859
This is how the south side of the public square looked from this vantage point (circa 1859), looking east along Adams Street. Businesses at the time included (starting at right); J.W. Bunn Groceries; T.S. Little clothier, with a dental office and . . . — Map (db m57063) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Stuart and Lincoln Law Office
Before he moved to Springfield Abraham Lincoln came to the law office of John Todd Stuart to barrow law books. Henry E. Dummer---Stuart;s partner at the time---recalled that the "uncouth looking" Lincoln said little and seemed timid. Yet . . . — Map (db m57194) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Surveyor Presidents
Many people look at Mount Rushmore, carved in the Black Hills of South Dakota, as a monument to four Presidents, but land surveyors see it as "three surveyors and one other guy." Washington, Jefferson, and Lincoln all were land . . . — Map (db m48744) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — Temporary Tombs
Oak Ridge Cemetery's public vault, located at the base of the hill behind the Lincoln tomb, received the bodies of Abraham Lincoln and his son William on May 4, 1865. It would be some time before a permanent burial place would be prepared so the . . . — Map (db m49004) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The 1858 Senate Campaign
Abraham Lincoln accepted the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate on June 16, 1858. To open his campaign, Lincoln delivered the famous House Divided speech from Springfield that evening. Upon hearing the speech, Senator Stephen A. . . . — Map (db m57052) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The American House
Social galas and political functions were common at the American House. Stephen A.Douglas sometimes used the hotel as headquarters for the Democrats. (Below Left) A newspaper published Springfield's newest hotel under the direction of J. . . . — Map (db m48569) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Bath & Barber Shop
"The bathing rooms now kept by Rev. S. S. Ball in the rear of his Barber's Shop are in elegant trim for the accommodation of his Friends and the public," advertised Elder Samuel S. Ball.His shop was on the south side of the public square . . . — Map (db m48619) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Children's Lincoln
Neighbor girl Josie Remann (left)was a favorite of Lincoln's. Once, on finding her in tears in front of her house, Lincoln ran all the way to the train station with her trunk on his shoulders because a carriage driver failed to come for it on . . . — Map (db m48548) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Grave of Abraham Lincoln
This structure marks the graves of Abraham Lincoln, his wife Mary, and three of their four children. Members of the Lincoln family chose the site in May 1865. Planned and built in the years following the president's shocking death, the tomb remains . . . — Map (db m49000) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The History of Union Station
Union Station opened in 1898 as the passenger terminal for the Illinois Central (IC) Railroad. Francis T. Bacon, an IC architect, designed the station, adorning the brick structure with decorative terra cotta and topping it with a 110-foot-tall . . . — Map (db m48872) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Lincoln Boys in 1854
The Springfield "urban" environment that shaped the childhood of the Lincoln boys was a far cry from the "backwoods wilderness" their father knew as a child. "Pay schools" and academies, railroad trains and fancy carriages, circuses and Sunday . . . — Map (db m48575) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Lincoln Depot
From this building on February 11, 1861 Abraham Lincoln departed Springfield, Illinois to assume the Presidency of the United States. After bidding farewell to a number of friends, he delivered a brief, spontaneous and moving farewell address to the . . . — Map (db m4595) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Lincoln Descendants
Abraham Lincoln • 1809 - 1865 • age 56 Mary Todd Lincoln • 1818 - 1882 • age 63

Lincoln children Robert Todd • 1843 - 1926 • age 82 Edward Baker • 1846 - 1850 • age 3 (consumption) William Wallace • 1850 - 1862 • age 11 (tphoid . . . — Map (db m49009) HM

Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Lyceum
Lyceums were community associations that sponsored lectures, debates, and discussions. Eastern Protestant missionaries and educators brought the concept to frontier Illinois. Promoters hoped their Lyceums would disseminate knowledge and . . . — Map (db m57166) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The State Capitol
Completed in 1888 Has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m48868) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Underground Railroad in Lincoln's Neighborhood
The Underground Railroad refers to the efforts of enslaved African Americans to gain their freedom by escaping bondage. Acts of self-emancipation made runaways "fugitives" according to the laws of the time. While most began and completed their . . . — Map (db m48450) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — The Wedding of the Rose and the Lotus
This painting by Nicholas Vachel Lindsay (1879-1931), entitled "The Wedding of the Rose and the Lotus" was a companion piece to one of Lindsay's poems. Lindsay recited the poem in 1915 for President Woodrow Wilson's Cabinet to commemorate the . . . — Map (db m57195) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — What Did Abraham Lincoln Eat?
Today many people refer to gardening as a hobby, but in the mid-19th Century many families depended on a kitchen garden to enrich their diets with seasonal foods such as fruits, vegetables and herbs. This recreated 19th Century kitchen garden . . . — Map (db m48540) HM
Illinois (Sangamon County), Springfield — William Beedle House
Beedle, a railroad fireman rented this house. Mrs. Ann Walters, a widow, owned this property as well as a two-story frame house which stood on the two lots immediately to the right. Mrs. Walters used the rent as income to help support herself, her . . . — Map (db m48456) HM

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