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Springfield, Massachusetts Historical Markers

 
95 State Street Marker<br>(<i>marker visible on right side of entrance</i>) image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, July 5, 2019
95 State Street Marker
(marker visible on right side of entrance)
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — 95 State Street — Stop 7 • Springfield Experience Walk —
Constructed in 1929, the building at 95 State Street features a classical revival style of architecture. The eleven-story structure was built for the Springfield Republican as an annex to the adjacent State Building, which had been recently acquired . . . — Map (db m136697) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Armory Fence — Springfield Armory National Historic Site
James W. Ripley, who had such a lasting influence on the Armory’s development, was also responsible for the east-iron fence which extends well over a mile around Armory Square. Partly decorative, the fence also had a security function, being . . . — Map (db m65837) HM WM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Armory Square

Two outstanding commanding officers, Roswell Lee and James W. Ripley, set the tone for Springfield Armory's development in the first half of the 19th century. They envisioned a "Grand National Armory," with stately buildings arranged around a . . . — Map (db m107107) HM

Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Civil War Soldiers' Monument
They served their country 1861-1865 — Map (db m106793) WM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Commanding Officer's House
Four years after taking command at Springfield Armory in 1841, Maj. James W. Ripley began construction of this residence. When he demolished the existing CO's residence to make room for Main Arsenal, he antagonized the builder of that house, a man . . . — Map (db m31772) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — First Spiritualist Church — 33-37 Bliss Street — Built 1887 —
Originally the French Protestant Church, this edifice was erected with the support of Daniel Wesson, a local industrialist, to serve the small French-Canadian Protestant population in the City. In 1909, the building was given up by the French due to . . . — Map (db m136698) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Forging Arms for Our Nation

In 1795, Springfield Armory began manufacturing muskets for the United States Military, on a site where General George Washington authorized weapons to be stored during the Revolutionary War. Within decades, Springfield Armory became the . . . — Map (db m107114) HM

Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — French Congregational Church — Stop 1 • Springfield Experience Walk —
The French Congregational Church was built in 1887, the first place of worship in Springfield to accommodate the City's growing French Protestant population. The building's vernacular is a Victorian Gothic style of brick and Longmeadow brownstone, . . . — Map (db m136694) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — From Arsenal to Icon

The massive building ahead served as Springfield Armory's Main Arsenal, a storage facility for the weapons manufactured here. Constructed between 1847 and 1850 during the term of Commanding Officer James W. Ripley, the building dominated the . . . — Map (db m107082) HM

Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — MA-9 — Gen. Henry Knox Trail
Through this Place Passed General Henry Knox In the Winter of 1775 - 1776 To Deliver To General George Washington At Cambridge The Train of Artillery From Fort Ticonderoga Used To Force the British Army To Evacuate . . . — Map (db m23756) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Hay Road — Springfield Armory National Historic Site
Notice how the land falls off very steeply here. Various commanders at Springfield Armory spent much of the 19th Century grappling with a serious erosion problem on this sandy bluff. Eventually, they resorted to a system of terraces, which . . . — Map (db m65732) HM WM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Home of the Duryea Automobile — Springfield, Massachusetts
The Duryea brothers, Charles and Frank, developed the first successful gasoline-powered car in 1894, right here in Springfield. The second Duryea prototype, the 1895 Duryea, was built on this site. This automobile became known simply as the "1895 . . . — Map (db m136599) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Innovation Continues at STCC — Historic Legacy, Shared Future

Innovation Continues at STCC The armory legacy of innovation lives on at Springfield Technical Community College (STCC). Founded in 1967 just before the armory closed down, STCC is located on 35 acres of the Springfield Armory National . . . — Map (db m107111) HM

Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Main Arsenal
The massive Main Arsenal (199 by 69 feet) was constructed between 1847 and 1850, during Col. James W. Ripley's tenure as commanding officer of Springfield Armory. With its dominating location, the Main Arsenal became the symbol of the Armory and was . . . — Map (db m31739) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Mass Mutual Building — 1200 Main Street/101 State Street — Stop 6 • Springfield Experience Walk —
The Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Company commissioned Springfield's first steel frame skyscraper, built in the Classical Revival style. It was completed in 1908 and caused a controversy over its "excessive height" of 125 feet. A law limiting . . . — Map (db m136696) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance Building — 1200 Main Street — Built 1908 —
Organized in 1851, the Massachusetts Mutual Life Insurance company grew to become one of Springfield's largest businesses. It was begun by George Rice and Alfred Lambert to assure annual dividend life insurance. By the early twentieth century, the . . . — Map (db m137171) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Master Armorer's House — Springfield Armory National Historic Site
Constructed in 1833, this building was located just north of the present Main Arsenal as shown in the picture. The nearby identical Paymaster’s House was located on the south side of the Main Arsenal. Around 1880, both of these residences were . . . — Map (db m65730) HM WM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark — Springfield Armory
National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark The Springfield Armory (1794 — 1968) was the first national armory in the United States. It was an outstanding, innovative center for the design and production of military small arms. . . . — Map (db m110888) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Shays’ Rebellion
This Tablet Marks the Battle Place of Shays' Rebellion January 25, 1787 — • — Erected By The George Washington Chapter Sons Of The American Revolution A.D.1900 — Map (db m7791) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Springfield Armory
Springfield Armory Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the Provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1955 This Site Possesses Exceptional Value In Commemorating and Illustrating The History of . . . — Map (db m110886) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Stacy Building — 43 Taylor Street — Built 1893 • Renovated 1986 —
Local architect F. R. Richmond designed this building for Edwin Stacy, a manufacturer of machinery and mill supplies. His son Frank took over the business in 1911 and served as Mayor from 1914 to 1918. The upper floors of the building were leased . . . — Map (db m136598) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — State Armory — Stop 2 Springfield Experience Walk
The Springfield Armory was built in 1895 for the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. The building was designed by architects Robert Wait and Amos Cutter from Boston, who were responsible for many county courthouses and state buildings in Eastern . . . — Map (db m127593) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — The First Meeting House
Just East of Here Stood The First Meeting House Built in 1645 Past This Point Ran Meeting House Lane, Which Led to the First Training Field And Burying Ground on the Bank of The Greate River

This Table Placed by MERCY WARREN CHAPTER, . . . — Map (db m108120) HM

Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — The Military Presence

As a "military factory," Springfield Armory was a hybrid installation, never a typical military post. During and after the Civil War, the military presence increased, with junior officers taking more of a hand in supervising production and . . . — Map (db m107109) HM

Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — To the Memory of George Washington
To the Memory Of George Washington Commander-In-Chief Of The American Army 1775 — 1785 First President of the United States Who endorsed the location of a magazine and laboratory at Springfield in 1777, personally inspected the . . . — Map (db m110887) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — Union House / Chandler Hotel / Edisonia Theater — Stop 5 • Springfield Experience Walk —
Union House / Chandler Hotel The Union House opened as a hotel in 1846. Two Presidents slept here, including James K. Polk, the 11th President, who stayed during a trip through the Northeastern part of the country. He was joined by his . . . — Map (db m136695) HM
Massachusetts (Hampden County), Springfield — YWCA — Young Woman's Christian Association — Stop 3 Springfield Experience Walk —
The YWCA building, previously located at 22-30 Howard Street, was built in 1909. It was designed by local architect Eugene C. Gardner in the Renaissance Revival style. The building consolidated the boarding and educational functions of the YWCA, . . . — Map (db m128267) HM

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