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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

The National Mall, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
A Legacy of Healing and Hope Marker image, Touch for more information
By J. Makali Bruton, September 13, 2016
A Legacy of Healing and Hope Marker
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Legacy of Healing and HopeVietnam Women's Memorial
Over 265,000 American women served during the Vietnam era (1956 through 1975) and over 11,000 saw duty in Vietnam. The majority served as nurses, caring for thousands of wounded servicemen in the difficult conditions of crowded transports, harsh . . . — Map (db m7878) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Symbol of International Friendship
On March 27, 1912, First Lady Helen Herron Taft, Viscountess Iwa Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador to the United States, and a small group of people assembled at the Tidal Basin. There they planted the first two of more than 3,000 flowering . . . — Map (db m93423) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Alaska and Hawaii
The Federal Union of the States at the heart of Lincoln’s purpose is symbolized in his memorial by 36 columns beneath the names of the 36 states composing the Union in his lifetime. When the memorial was designed, the Union included 48 states named . . . — Map (db m49457) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Andrew Jackson Downing
[Inscription on urn pedestal, 1856]: This vase was erected by his friends in memory of ANDREW JACKSON DOWNING who died July 28, 1852, aged 37 years. He was born, and lived, and died upon the Hudson River. His life was . . . — Map (db m46600) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Arts and Industries Building
The Arts and Industries Building, the second oldest Smithsonian building, was the first building designed for the National Museum, as the Smithsonian's first museum was known. It was constructed between 1879 and 1881 to meet the need for more . . . — Map (db m46583) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bald Cypress[Native American Agriculture] — [U.S. Department of Agriculture]
This tree commemorates the many contributions Native Americans have made to American agriculture, plants domesticated and harvested by Native Americans in the New World still make up a significant proportion of all vegetables produced worldwide. . . . — Map (db m47743) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Boy Scout Memorial
The two symbolic figures represent the sum of the great ideals of past civilizations, developed through the centuries and now at best is delivered by American manhood and womanhood to the present generation. The Boy Scout, aware of his . . . — Map (db m7970) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bradford Pear Tree
(Pyrus calleryana Bradford) An ornamental shade tree developed by U.S.D.A. Scientists Planted May 2, 1966 by Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson Orville L. Freeman, Secretary of Agriculture Va. & Md. 4-H Clubs In behalf of National Beautification . . . — Map (db m70457) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bulfinch Gate House
Erected about 1828 under direction of Charles Bulfinch, Architect of the Capitol, this gate house stood until 1874 with another (now at 17th and Constitution Avenue) at the west entrance to the Capitol Grounds — Map (db m245) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bulfinch Gate House
Erected about 1828 under direction of Charles Bulfinch, Architect of the Capitol, this gate house stood until 1874 with another (now at 15th and Constitution Avenue) at the west entrance to the Capitol Grounds. — Map (db m80144) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cardinal Direction Marker: North
This granite stone is one of the oldest on earth – four billion years old! Before its two-week journey to Washington, D.C., the Dogrib (Tlicho) community of Acasta Lake, in Canada’s Northwest Territories, blessed the stone. The Dogrib recount . . . — Map (db m49627) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Carousel on the Mall, Washington, D.C.
On August 28, 1963, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, not far from here. On that same day, this carousel was part of a small but significant victory for Civil . . . — Map (db m68236) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cedar of LebanonCedrus libani — National Museum/National Museum of Natural History
This tree commemorates the 100th anniversary of the 1904 groundbreaking of the new National Museum. A wooded park, with a variety of trees including these cedars, previously stood here. Dedicated on June 15, 2004 Photo caption: . . . — Map (db m70231) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Colossal Head 4 (replica)Olmec Culture — San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Vera Cruz, 1200-900 B.C.E.
This portrait of an Olmec ruler is among 17 colossal heads known from one of the world’s great ancient civilizations. Without wheels or iron tools, the Olmec created spectacular monumental sculptures and ceremonial centers on Mexico’s Gulf Coast. . . . — Map (db m39628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — District of Columbia War Memorial
”This temple will recall for all time their services and sacrifices.” President Herbert Hoover, November 11, 1931 The Great War of 1914 to 1918 transformed the world. The war introduced lethal new . . . — Map (db m75903) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — District of Columbia World War Memorial
[Panel 1: northeast corner wayside.] “This monument stands for men who fought not alone for their country, but to establish the principles of justice and peace. We pay tribute here to their valor. We honor them for their . . . — Map (db m76573) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Tree
"The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge..." Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 This tree named in honor of Dr. King, January 14, . . . — Map (db m70616) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Enid A. Haupt Garden
Panel 1: Enid A. Haupt Garden. A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the . . . — Map (db m46666) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Escape Across the PotomacStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
As war with Britain wore on, some U.S. military leaders believed the nation's capital, with its inland location and military defenses, was safe. So Washingtonians were cruelly surprised when the British invaded on August 24, 1814. As the enemy . . . — Map (db m97215) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Federal Grain Inspection ServiceUnited States Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture Federal Grain Inspection ServiceDuring December 1977, a series of devastating grain elevator explosions resulted in the death of thirteen USDA employees working for the Federal Grain Inspection Service. On . . . — Map (db m47101) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — First Division War Memorial
[Inscriptions on the original memorial (1924)] First Division, United States Army, American Expeditionary Forces, June 1917 - September 1919. Erected by the memorial association of the First Division and patriotic friends to . . . — Map (db m17629) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — German-American Friendship GardenCelebrating 300 Years of Friendship — National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.
“One magnificent symbol of the bonds that tie our two great peoples together is the German-American Friendship Garden. This symbol of eternally renewing growth and strength will be dedicated this autumn here in the Capital. In its . . . — Map (db m38849) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Japanese Stone Lantern
The Gift of Light. Presented to the city of Washington on March 30, 1954, this stone lantern symbolizes the enduring cultural partnership that re-emerged between Japan and the United States after World War II. The lantern is one of two . . . — Map (db m37515) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Japanese Stone Lantern - Lighting the Way — National Mall and Memorial Parks
Each year, the National Park Service and the National Council of State Societies conduct the Lantern Lighting Ceremony. The Embassy of Japan appoints a Cherry Blossom Princess for the occasion. As the audience counts down from five, the lantern is . . . — Map (db m29559) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Jean Hillery and Thomas Quadros — United States Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture American Linden or Basswood (Tilia Americana) Dedicated in memory of Jean Hillery and Thomas Quadros, Food Safety and Inspection Service Compliance Officers, who lost their lives in the . . . — Map (db m47354) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Jefferson Pier — [Washington Monument]
Position of Jefferson Pier, erected Dec. 18, 1804 Recovered and re-erected Dec. 2, 1889 . . . District of Columbia — Map (db m38804) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — John Paul Jones MemorialNational Mall & Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.
"Every officer in our navy should know by heart the deeds of John Paul Jones," President Theodore Roosevelt. The American Revolution [Portrait of] John Paul Jones, 1747-1742 A bold captain--fearless even when facing the superior . . . — Map (db m17764) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — John Paul Jones Memorial
[North Face inscriptions - above and beneath Captain Jones' statue:] John Paul Jones 1747-1792 First to compel foreign man-of-war to strike colors to the Stars and Stripes. [South Face inscriptions - above and beneath a bas relief . . . — Map (db m19534) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Joseph Henry
This statue of the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution was made in 1881 by the American sculptor William Wetmore Storey, then working in Rome. Unveiled April 19, 1883. — Map (db m213) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Keeping the Cherry Trees Healthy
Flowering cherry trees need constant care to keep them growing and blooming well. They are pruned once a year to remove damaged or diseased limbs. A second annual pruning shapes the trees. Soil that has been compacted – one of the great . . . — Map (db m100155) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Korean War Veterans Memorial
[Inscription: Panel 1]: Our nation honors her sons and daughters who answered the call to defend a country they never knew and a people they never met. 1950 * Korea * 1953 [Panel 2]: Freedom Is Not Free [Panel . . . — Map (db m8829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Legacy of War
On August 24, 1814, the British brought the war to the streets of Washington. After soundly defeating the Americans at nearby Bladensburg, enemy soldiers invaded the Nation's Capital—burning the President's House, U.S. Capitol, and other . . . — Map (db m74939) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lincoln Memorial
[Dedication by Royal Cortissoz, above the statue by sculptor Daniel Chester French:] "In this temple as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever." [Inscription . . . — Map (db m28607) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lock Keeper’s House
Formerly the eastern terminal of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Erected about 1835. The canal passed along the present line of B Street in front of this house emptying into Tiber Creek and the Potomac River. — Map (db m209) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — National Grange
Near this site The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized on December 4, 1867 in the office of the Superintendent of the Propagating Gardens Department of Agriculture The founders of the Grange were: Oliver H. Kelley, . . . — Map (db m47448) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Original Patentees MemorialSettlers of the District of Columbia Memorial
To the original Patentees prior to 1700 whose land grants embrace the site of the Federal City. This Monument is erected by the National Society of the Daughters of the American Colonists, April 25, 1936. — Map (db m7971) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Original Smithsonian Institution Building
Erected 1847-57. Designed by James Renwick, Jr. in twelfth century Romanesque style for the first offices, research laboratories, exhibits, collections, and lectures of the Smithsonian Institution. Dedicated to the increase and diffusion of . . . — Map (db m46413) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Petrified WoodAraucarioxylon Arizonicum Knowlton — Triassic Period
about 200 million years old Found near Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona Contributors: Mr. and Mrs. James M. Gray Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Zuhl City of Holbrook, Arizona — Map (db m54063) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Raoul Wallenberg Place — [Sidney R. Yates Federal Building]
"Raoul Wallenberg's mission of mercy on behalf of the United States behind enemy lines during World War II is unprececented in the history of mankind. He is responsible for saving tens of thousands of lives during the Holocaust. A shining light in a . . . — Map (db m39926) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Restoration of the Land
Four hundred years ago, the Chesapeake Bay region abounded in forests, meadows, wetlands, and croplands. The National Museum of the American Indian restores these environments and is home to more than 27,000 trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants . . . — Map (db m49640) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Second Infantry Division Memorial
[From 1936:] The Second Division To Our Honored Dead, 1917-1919 Toulon Troyon Bois de Belleau Vaux Soissons Marache St. Mihiel Blanc Mont Meuse-Argonne The Rhine [From 1962, west inner wing:] Organized in France in . . . — Map (db m15096) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Smokey Bear Blue Spruce
Blue Spruce Picea pungens Planted April 11, 1984 To honor the 40th birthday of Smokey Bear by John R. Block, Secretary of Agriculture R. Max Peterson, Chief, USDA Forest Service and the Forester's Wives Club of Washington, D.C. . . . — Map (db m70456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Solomon G. Brown
Solomon G. Brown (1829-1906), the Smithsonian’s first African-American employee, retired in 1906 after 54 years of service. Brown, well-known for his lectures on natural history, was also an avid poet and Anacostia community leader. . . . — Map (db m70118) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Spencer Fullerton Baird — 1823 - 1887
Second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution Pioneer in American Natural History [on reverse of statue:] ("Opus, Baskin, 1976") — Map (db m46418) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Steven Thomas Stefani IVForest Service Range Conservationist — United States Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture An American chestnut (Castanea dentate) tree has been planted in honor of Forest Service Range Conservationist, Steven Thomas Stefani IV (1978-2007) who died serving his country, . . . — Map (db m47730) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — T.S.C. Lowe's Observation Flight
On June 18, 1861, T.S.C. Lowe made a tethered observation flight with his gas-filled balloon Enterprise from a spot on the National Mall in front of where the National Air and Space Museum now stands. During this flight, he sent the first telegram . . . — Map (db m43353) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Canal Connection
President George Washington commissioned Pierre L'Enfant to design the Capital City in 1790. The L'Enfant Plan included a system of canals to transport heavy goods at a time when roads and streets were few and muddy. The Washington City Canal . . . — Map (db m211) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The First Japanese Cherry Trees
The first Japanese Cherry Trees, presented to the City of Washington as a gesture of friendship and good will by the City of Tokyo, were planted on this site, March 27, 1912. — Map (db m54912) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The General Dwight David Eisenhower PlazaUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum — "Loss and Regeneration, 1993"
Panel 1: Dedicated in gratitude to the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, General Dwight David Eisenhower and the valiant soldiers of all Allied Armies he led into battle. Victorious in battle, they brought the Third Reich to . . . — Map (db m48459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Washington City Canal
Completed in 1815, the canal extended east of this point along the line of Constitution Avenue and south around the Capitol with branches leading into the Anacostia River. — Map (db m210) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
“Although a soldier by profession, I have never felt any sort of fondness for war, and I have never advocated it, except as a means of peace,” General Ulysses S. Grant. Hiram Ulysses Grant, mistakenly listed as Ulysses Simpson . . . — Map (db m29459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — USDA Holocaust Memorial Tree
United States Department of Agriculture Dedicated as a Living Reminder in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust by Secretary Dan Glickman May 2, 2000 Yom Hashoah, Day of Remembrance Franklin D. Roosevelt Red Bud from a seed collected at . . . — Map (db m70618) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — USDA Veterans Memorial
United States Department of Agriculture “Dedicated to the brave men and women of the United States Department of Agriculture who served the United States of America through military service in time of armed combat.” Dedicated by: . . . — Map (db m107190) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Vietnam Veterans Memorial
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial honors the courage, sacrifice, and devotion to duty and country of the men and women of the armed forces of the United States who served in America's longest war. By virtue of its design, the memorial inspires a . . . — Map (db m212) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington City Canal on the Tiber Creek
Beginning in 1815, a water transport canal was opened joining the Potomac river and the Anacostia river, then known as the Eastern Branch. The Washington Canal brought building supplies for construction of many buildings in the young city. The canal . . . — Map (db m105992) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington Monument
In commemoration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Washington Monument 1884 – 1984 Walkways donated July 11, 1984 by the members and friends of the National Society of Professional Engineers in observance of the . . . — Map (db m47332) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington Monument — Earthquake of August 23, 2011
On August 23, 2011, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake occurred 84 miles southwest of Washington, D.C. As the earth shook, the Washington Monument sustained significant damage to many of its marble and granite blocks. Although the monument remains . . . — Map (db m70930) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?
On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service . . . — Map (db m49459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?
On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service . . . — Map (db m49521) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?
On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. Landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service . . . — Map (db m53727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Witchhazel • Suhwe?t (suh-whet)
A popular commercial remedy and facial astringent used throughout the world, witchhazel was first harvested by Native peoples in the eastern United States. The Potawatomi and Mahican tribes used witchhazel as a sedative and as an astringent, and . . . — Map (db m49647) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — World War II Memorial
Here in the presence of Washington and Lincoln, one the Eighteenth Century father and the other the Nineteenth Century preserver of our nation, we honor those Twentieth Century Americans who took up the struggle during the Second World War and made . . . — Map (db m4392) HM

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