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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 

The National Mall, District of Columbia Historical Markers

 
<i>"Nature is my religion."</i> -- Enid A. Haupt Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, November 27, 2017
"Nature is my religion." -- Enid A. Haupt Marker
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — "Nature is my religion." -- Enid A. Haupt
"Nature is my religion." -- Enid A. Haupt Philanthropist and publishing heiress Enid Annenberg Haupt (1906-2005) donated millions of dollars to support public gardens, horticultural institutions, and other green spaces in . . . — Map (db m110723) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — 320th Bomb Group
In memory of WWII Fallen Comrades of 320th Bomb Group Dedication on 40th Anniversary September 11th, 1982 — Map (db m113979) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Common LanguageKathrine Dulin Folger Rose Garden
Plant nomenclature is the naming of plants using the binomial (meaning "two names") system. The Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus introduced this method in 1753. Binomial nomenclature uses Latin to communicate scientific information on a global . . . — Map (db m110761) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Legacy of Healing and HopeVietnam Women's Memorial
Over 265,000 American women served during the Vietnam era (1956 through 1975) and over 11,000 saw duty in Vietnam. The majority served as nurses, caring for thousands of wounded servicemen in the difficult conditions of crowded transports, harsh . . . — Map (db m7878) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Monumental LegacyNational Mall and Memorial Parks
The Washington Monument honors George Washington, hero of the American Revolution and first president of the United States. When this stunning stone obelisk was completed in 1884, it was the tallest building in the world. Today the monument towers . . . — Map (db m109324) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Monumental LegacyNational Mall and Memorial Parks
A Monumental Legacy The Washington Monument honors George Washington, hero of the American Revolution and first president of the United States. When this stunning stone obelisk was completed in 1884, it was the tallest building in the . . . — Map (db m110428) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Monumental LegacyNational Mall and Memorial Parks
A Monumental Legacy The Washington Monument honors George Washington, hero of the American Revolution and first president of the United States. When this stunning stone obelisk was completed in 1884, it was the tallest building in the . . . — Map (db m110429) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Monumental LegacyNational Mall and Memorial Parks
The Washington Monument honors George Washington, hero of the American Revolution and first president of the United States. When this stunning stone obelisk was completed in 1884, it was the tallest building in the world. Today the monument towers . . . — Map (db m110702) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A National Museum
The National Museum of American History is home to the Star-Spangled Banner, the flag that inspired our national anthem. That flag's "broad stripes and bright stars" have shaped the Museum and its mission, as have the flags for every U.S. state and . . . — Map (db m111539) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — A Symbol of International Friendship
On March 27, 1912, First Lady Helen Herron Taft, Viscountess Iwa Chinda, wife of the Japanese ambassador to the United States, and a small group of people assembled at the Tidal Basin. There they planted the first two of more than 3,000 flowering . . . — Map (db m93423) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Acquired in 1886 by the Department of Living Animals
Acquired in 1886 by the Department of Living Animals, buffalo were penned behind the Smithsonian Castle before being moved to what is now the National Zoological Park. Their presence sparked public interest in the preservation of a vanishing . . . — Map (db m110712) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Alaska and Hawaii
The Federal Union of the States at the heart of Lincoln’s purpose is symbolized in his memorial by 36 columns beneath the names of the 36 states composing the Union in his lifetime. When the memorial was designed, the Union included 48 states named . . . — Map (db m49457) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — An Apple is a RoseKathrine Dulin Folger Rose Garden
In the early 1900s, botanists reclassified the Spirea, Plum, and Apple families as subfamilies within the Rose family. This new categorization was embodied in Robert Frost's poem from 1927: The Rose Family by Robert Frost The . . . — Map (db m110772) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Andrew Jackson Downing
[Inscription on urn pedestal, 1856]: This vase was erected by his friends in memory of ANDREW JACKSON DOWNING who died July 28, 1852, aged 37 years. He was born, and lived, and died upon the Hudson River. His life was . . . — Map (db m46600) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Arts and Industries Building
. . . — Map (db m108902) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Arts and Industries Building
The Arts and Industries Building, the second oldest Smithsonian building, was the first building designed for the National Museum, as the Smithsonian's first museum was known. It was constructed between 1879 and 1881 to meet the need for more . . . — Map (db m108904) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Asteroids and Comets
You are standing in the "asteroid belt," a region between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter where countless rocks called asteroids orbit the Sun. Every so often icy body called comets pass through this region on their way to the inner solar system. . . . — Map (db m110092) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bald Cypress[Native American Agriculture] — [U.S. Department of Agriculture]
This tree commemorates the many contributions Native Americans have made to American agriculture, plants domesticated and harvested by Native Americans in the New World still make up a significant proportion of all vegetables produced worldwide. . . . — Map (db m47743) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bald Cypress • Ártu (ar-too)
In the middle of the wetlands, you can see the entire life cycle of the unusual bald cypress tree. A fallen cypress was placed in the wetlands to evoke an authentic wetlands environment--and a young cypress has begun to grow out of the stump of the . . . — Map (db m110077) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Before the National Air and Space Museum opened...
. . . — Map (db m110788) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Binary Stars
Is our Sun a normal star? Stars are great luminous spheres of hydrogen and helium gas held together by their own gravity. Most stars in our galaxy exist in pairs or even in multiple-star systems. So, our singular Sun is relatively unusual. A . . . — Map (db m111410) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Boy Scout Memorial
The two symbolic figures represent the sum of the great ideals of past civilizations, developed through the centuries and now at best is delivered by American manhood and womanhood to the present generation. The Boy Scout, aware of his . . . — Map (db m7970) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bradford Pear Tree
(Pyrus calleryana Bradford) An ornamental shade tree developed by U.S.D.A. Scientists Planted May 2, 1966 by Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson Orville L. Freeman, Secretary of Agriculture Va. & Md. 4-H Clubs In behalf of National Beautification . . . — Map (db m70457) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Broadleaf Cattail • Káhkáhaskwar (kaw-kaw-has-quar)
Nearly every Native community in North America has used the cattail as food, medicine, or raw material for baskets and mats. The cattail contains ten times the amount of starch as potatoes--an important source of energy. The Micmac and . . . — Map (db m113966) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bulfinch Gate House
Erected about 1828 under direction of Charles Bulfinch, Architect of the Capitol, this gate house stood until 1874 with another (now at 17th and Constitution Avenue) at the west entrance to the Capitol Grounds — Map (db m245) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Bulfinch Gate House
Erected about 1828 under direction of Charles Bulfinch, Architect of the Capitol, this gate house stood until 1874 with another (now at 15th and Constitution Avenue) at the west entrance to the Capitol Grounds. — Map (db m80144) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Can you find symbols for the sun,Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, — and the moon on the Welcome Plaza?
Can you find symbols for the sun, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the moon on the Welcome Plaza? They are embedded into the stone beneath your feet, in their positions at sunset on the museum's birth date: November 28, 1989. The . . . — Map (db m114147) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Can you hear the echo of the water bouncing off the rock?
Shhhh, quiet please! Listen. Can you hear the echo of the water bouncing off the rock? Stand in front of this boulder, and listen to the echo of the water. This stone surface amplifies sound, just like ancient Mayan ball courts. In . . . — Map (db m113973) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Capitol SquareHistorical Information
Front: General Plan for the Improvement of the U.S. Capitol Grounds by Frederick Law Olmstead, 1874 Following the extension of the Capitol in the 1850s-1860s, the grounds were enlarged in 1872. In 1874 Congress commissioned . . . — Map (db m110448) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Capitol Square, SWHistorical Information
Front: U.S. Botanic Garden Architecture by Bennett, Parsons & Frost, 1933 Easily recognized by the sparkling glass dome of its Conservatory, the U.S. Botanic Garden, overlooking the National Mall, is located near the U.S. . . . — Map (db m110445) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Capitol Square, SWHistorical Information
The Peace Monument By Franklin Simmons, 1878 The Peace Monument, also called the Naval Monument, was erected to commemorate the naval deaths at sea during the Civil War. At the top of the 44-foot monument, Grief, sometimes called . . . — Map (db m110449) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cardinal Direction Marker: East
Did you know that this type of stone was used to make arrowheads? This 544 million-year-old rock is quartzite, a very hard stone used to make arrowheads by the local Nanticoke peoples. It came from Sugarloaf Mountain in Maryland's . . . — Map (db m114145) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cardinal Direction Marker: North
This granite stone is one of the oldest on earth – four billion years old! Before its two-week journey to Washington, D.C., the Dogrib (Tlicho) community of Acasta Lake, in Canada’s Northwest Territories, blessed the stone. The Dogrib recount . . . — Map (db m49627) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cardinal Direction Marker: South
This boulder traveled more than 18,000 miles from the southernmost point of South America! Between 65 and 145 million years old, this granite stone was given to the museum by the Yagán people of Chile. The Yagán want this stone to represent their . . . — Map (db m113961) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cardinal Direction Marker: West
This 300-year-old lava stone has a name: Kane Po. After a 20-year stay at the museum, it will return to its home in the Hawai'i Volcanoes National Park near Hilo. Native Hawaiians consider it to be a living relative. It is one of four Cardinal . . . — Map (db m113975) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cardinal Direction Markers
Native peoples honor the Four Directions through ceremony, song, art, and architecture. On the edges of the museum site, four large stones known as Cardinal Direction Markers honor Native cultures of the north, south, east, and west. Can you . . . — Map (db m113969) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Carousel on the Mall, Washington, D.C.
On August 28, 1963, Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., delivered his “I Have a Dream” speech on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial, not far from here. On that same day, this carousel was part of a small but significant victory for Civil . . . — Map (db m68236) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cedar of LebanonCedrus libani — National Museum/National Museum of Natural History
This tree commemorates the 100th anniversary of the 1904 groundbreaking of the new National Museum. A wooded park, with a variety of trees including these cedars, previously stood here. Dedicated on June 15, 2004 Photo caption: . . . — Map (db m70231) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Colossal Head 4 (replica)Olmec Culture — San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Vera Cruz, 1200-900 B.C.E.
This portrait of an Olmec ruler is among 17 colossal heads known from one of the world’s great ancient civilizations. Without wheels or iron tools, the Olmec created spectacular monumental sculptures and ceremonial centers on Mexico’s Gulf Coast. . . . — Map (db m39628) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Constantine L. Seferlis(1928 - 2005) — Stone Carver
Constantine L. Seferlis (1928 - 2005) Stone Carver Restored the walls of the Smithsonian Castle and carved these carriage gates according to James Renwick's 1849 design. — Map (db m110727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Cook Telescope
Become an astronomer with your visit to the Phoebe Waterman Haas Public Observatory and its Cook Memorial Telescope. Harvard University purchased the telescope from Boller & Chivens in 1966 for its Oak Ridge Observatory. The telescope was used to . . . — Map (db m111404) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — District of Columbia War Memorial
”This temple will recall for all time their services and sacrifices.” President Herbert Hoover, November 11, 1931 The Great War of 1914 to 1918 transformed the world. The war introduced lethal new . . . — Map (db m75903) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — District of Columbia World War Memorial
[Panel 1: northeast corner wayside.] “This monument stands for men who fought not alone for their country, but to establish the principles of justice and peace. We pay tribute here to their valor. We honor them for their . . . — Map (db m76573) HM WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Tree
"The ultimate measure of a man is not where he stands in moments of comfort and convenience, but where he stands at times of challenge..." Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929-1968 This tree named in honor of Dr. King, January 14, . . . — Map (db m70616) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Earth
Earth These tiny spheres are the planet Earth and its Moon at one 10-billionth actual size. If Earth were this big, how far away would the Sun and other planets be? Look at the map on the lower panel to find our position in the solar . . . — Map (db m113977) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Enid A. Haupt Garden
Panel 1: Enid A. Haupt Garden. A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the . . . — Map (db m110710) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Enid A. Haupt Garden
A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the Smithsonian Castle and the surrounding . . . — Map (db m110713) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Enid A. Haupt Garden
A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the Smithsonian Castle and the surrounding . . . — Map (db m111541) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Enid A. Haupt Garden
A popular urban oasis since its completion in 1987, the 4.2-acre Enid A. Haupt Garden comprises three distinct gardens. The design of each reflects the cultural and aesthetic influences celebrated in the Smithsonian Castle and the surrounding . . . — Map (db m111542) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Escape Across the PotomacStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail
As war with Britain wore on, some U.S. military leaders believed the nation's capital, with its inland location and military defenses, was safe. So Washingtonians were cruelly surprised when the British invaded on August 24, 1814. As the enemy . . . — Map (db m97215) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Federal Grain Inspection ServiceUnited States Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture Federal Grain Inspection ServiceDuring December 1977, a series of devastating grain elevator explosions resulted in the death of thirteen USDA employees working for the Federal Grain Inspection Service. On . . . — Map (db m47101) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — First Division War Memorial
[Inscriptions on the original memorial (1924)] First Division, United States Army, American Expeditionary Forces, June 1917 - September 1919. Erected by the memorial association of the First Division and patriotic friends to . . . — Map (db m17629) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — First International Manned Space Mission
Top of marker: On July 17, 1975, an American Apollo spacecraft and a Soviet Soyuz space craft docked in space for the first international manned space mission. Three months after the crewmembers of the Apollo-Soyuz test . . . — Map (db m109221) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — 26/7920 — George RiveraPojoaque Pueblo
George Rivera Pojoaque Pueblo Buffalo Dancer II Case bronze, ed. 2/4 26/7920 Gift of the Pueblo of Pojoaque, George Rivera and Glenn Green Galleries For the Pueblo Indians of the Southwest, the Buffalo Dance is an enduring . . . — Map (db m113968) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — German-American Friendship GardenCelebrating 300 Years of Friendship — National Mall and Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.
“One magnificent symbol of the bonds that tie our two great peoples together is the German-American Friendship Garden. This symbol of eternally renewing growth and strength will be dedicated this autumn here in the Capital. In its . . . — Map (db m110396) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Green Roof Engineering
Once the stone façade and roof are restored, the U.S. Botanic Garden (USBG) will install a new green roof on top of the stone part of the Conservatory. This plant-covered roof will reduce the amount of heat absorbed by the building and decrease the . . . — Map (db m110453)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Green Roof Plants
Soil depth on a green roof determines the types of plants that can be grown, and the depth of the US Botanic Garden roof will average just 3 inches. Green roofs with shallow soils are referred to as 'extensive', and those with soil at 6 inches or . . . — Map (db m110452)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — How can you help pollinators?
Pollinator populations are at risk. Decades of stressors including the loss, degredation, and fragmentation of pollinator habitats; the improper use of pesticides and herbicides; and diseases, predation, and parasites have all hurt . . . — Map (db m113993) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Japanese Stone Lantern
The Gift of Light. Presented to the city of Washington on March 30, 1954, this stone lantern symbolizes the enduring cultural partnership that re-emerged between Japan and the United States after World War II. The lantern is one of two . . . — Map (db m37515) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Japanese Stone Lantern - Lighting the Way — National Mall and Memorial Parks
Each year, the National Park Service and the National Council of State Societies conduct the Lantern Lighting Ceremony. The Embassy of Japan appoints a Cherry Blossom Princess for the occasion. As the audience counts down from five, the lantern is . . . — Map (db m29559) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Jean Hillery and Thomas Quadros — United States Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture American Linden or Basswood (Tilia Americana) Dedicated in memory of Jean Hillery and Thomas Quadros, Food Safety and Inspection Service Compliance Officers, who lost their lives in the . . . — Map (db m47354) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Jefferson Pier — [Washington Monument]
Position of Jefferson Pier, erected Dec. 18, 1804 Recovered and re-erected Dec. 2, 1889 . . . District of Columbia — Map (db m112544) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — John Paul Jones MemorialNational Mall & Memorial Parks, Washington, D.C.
"Every officer in our navy should know by heart the deeds of John Paul Jones," President Theodore Roosevelt. The American Revolution [Portrait of] John Paul Jones, 1747-1742 A bold captain--fearless even when facing the superior . . . — Map (db m17764) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — John Paul Jones Memorial
[North Face inscriptions - above and beneath Captain Jones' statue:] John Paul Jones 1747-1792 First to compel foreign man-of-war to strike colors to the Stars and Stripes. [South Face inscriptions - above and beneath a bas relief . . . — Map (db m19534) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Joseph Henry
This statue of the first Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution was made in 1881 by the American sculptor William Wetmore Storey, then working in Rome. Unveiled April 19, 1883. — Map (db m213) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Jupiter
Top section of marker: Jupiter This is the planet Jupiter and its 4 largest moons at one 10-billionth actual size. If Jupiter were this big, how far away would the sun and others planets be? Look at the map on the Jupiter panel . . . — Map (db m110568)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Jupiter
Jupiter is a gas giant planet consisting mostly of hydrogen and helium. Astronomers have discovered more than 60 moons orbiting Jupiter. In 1610 Italian astronomer Galileo discovered the four largest moons, although he saw them only as "stars." . . . — Map (db m111397) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Keeping the Cherry Trees Healthy
Flowering cherry trees need constant care to keep them growing and blooming well. They are pruned once a year to remove damaged or diseased limbs. A second annual pruning shapes the trees. Soil that has been compacted – one of the great . . . — Map (db m100155) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Kootenai National Forest
The forest is in the extreme northwest corner of Montana and northeast Idaho and includes four ranger districts. The background photo is of the Cabinet Mountains Wilderness with views of Little Ibex, Ibex and Lentz Peaks. Managing vegetation and . . . — Map (db m111345) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Korean War Veterans Memorial
[Inscription: Panel 1]: Our nation honors her sons and daughters who answered the call to defend a country they never knew and a people they never met. 1950 * Korea * 1953 [Panel 2]: Freedom Is Not Free [Panel . . . — Map (db m8829) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Large Acanthus Fountainca. 1850 - 1900 — GF.1974.9
. . . — Map (db m113988)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Legacy of War
On August 24, 1814, the British brought the war to the streets of Washington. After soundly defeating the Americans at nearby Bladensburg, enemy soldiers invaded the Nation's Capital—burning the President's House, U.S. Capitol, and other . . . — Map (db m74939) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lincoln Memorial
[Dedication by Royal Cortissoz, above the statue by sculptor Daniel Chester French:] "In this temple as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever." [Inscription . . . — Map (db m28607) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lock Keeper’s House
Formerly the eastern terminal of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal. Erected about 1835. The canal passed along the present line of B Street in front of this house emptying into Tiber Creek and the Potomac River. — Map (db m111529) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Lunar Calendars
The circles and moon phases marked on the pavement refer to a phenomenon known as lunar standstills. Lunar standstills occur every 18.6 years when the moon reaches a northern extreme at summer solstice and a southern extreme at winter solstice. . . . — Map (db m110068) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Making A Modern Museum
The National Museum of American History opened to the public as the Museum of History and Technology in 1964. The architectural firm McKim, Mead & White designed the building as a contemporary take on surrounding beaux-arts and classical . . . — Map (db m111540) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Mars
Top section of the marker: Mars This tiny sphere is the planet Mars at one 10-billionth actual size. Its small moons can't be seen at this scale. If Mars were this big, how far away would the Sun and other planets be? Look at . . . — Map (db m110566)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Meadow
This museum's meadow environment consists of abundant grasses, wildflowers, and shrubs. The plants are perennials, growing or lying dormant with the seasons. Plant Medicine Meadows are important sources of medicinal plants used by . . . — Map (db m113955) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Mercury
Top section of the marker Mercury This tiny sphere is the planet Mercury at one 10-billionth actual size. If Mercury were this big, how far away would the sun and other planets be? Look at the map on the lower panel to find . . . — Map (db m110564) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Moon
The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite. How did the Moon form? Scientists think it formed when a planetary object the size of Mars collided with Earth about 4.5 billion years ago. The Moon is covered with impact craters that formed when . . . — Map (db m111398) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — National Grange
Near this site The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized on December 4, 1867 in the office of the Superintendent of the Propagating Gardens Department of Agriculture The founders of the Grange were: Oliver H. Kelley, . . . — Map (db m47448) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Neptune
Top of marker: Neptune This is the planet Neptune and its largest moon at one 10-billionth of its size. If Neptune were this big, how far away would the Sun and other planets be? Look at the map on the lower panel to find . . . — Map (db m110760) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Nora Naranjo-MorseSanta Clara Pueblo, b. 1953
Nora Naranjo-Morse Santa Clara Pueblo, b. 1953 Always Becoming Mud mixture (soil, sand, straw, and water), clay, stone, black locust wood, bamboo, yam vines, and pigment 26/5840 Naranjo-Morse and her family return annually . . . — Map (db m113956) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Nora Naranjo-MorseSanta Clara Pueblo, b. 1953
Nora Naranjo-Morse Santa Clara Pueblo, b. 1953 Always Becoming Mud mixture (soil, sand, straw, and water), clay, stone, black locust wood, bamboo, yam vines, and pigment. 26/5840 Naranjo-Morse and her family return annually . . . — Map (db m113958) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Original Patentees MemorialSettlers of the District of Columbia Memorial
To the original Patentees prior to 1700 whose land grants embrace the site of the Federal City. This Monument is erected by the National Society of the Daughters of the American Colonists, April 25, 1936. — Map (db m7971) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Original Smithsonian Institution Building
Erected 1847-57. Designed by James Renwick, Jr. in twelfth century Romanesque style for the first offices, research laboratories, exhibits, collections, and lectures of the Smithsonian Institution. Dedicated to the increase and diffusion of . . . — Map (db m46413) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Petrified WoodAraucarioxylon Arizonicum Knowlton — Triassic Period
about 200 million years old Found near Petrified Forest National Park, Arizona Contributors: Mr. and Mrs. James M. Gray Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Zuhl City of Holbrook, Arizona — Map (db m54063) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Phoebe Waterman HaasPublic Observatory
This observatory is named to celebrate the spirit of Emma Phoebe Waterman Haas. In 1913 she became the first woman to earn a Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of California, Berkeley. She was the first woman to perform original research with a . . . — Map (db m114106) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Pluto
Top of marker: Pluto These tiny spheres are the dwarf planet Pluto and its moon Charon at one 10-billionth actual size. If Pluto were this big, how far away would the Sun and planets be? Look at the map on the lower panel to . . . — Map (db m112462) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Pollinator Profile: Hummingbirds
The long, thin bill and tongue of a hummingbird allows it to reach the nectar hidden deeply in tubular flowers. The Ruby-throated Hummingbird is the only species breeding on the East Coast each summer, after traveling up from Mexico and . . . — Map (db m110574)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Public Art for a Modern Museum
The Museum of History and Technology (later the National Museum of American History) was the first example of modernist architecture on the National Mall when it opened in 1964. Architect Walker Cain envisioned a landscape plan that would include . . . — Map (db m111531) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Renovating the Fountain
The Constitution Avenue fountain, installed in 1967, will be undergoing renovations through 2020. On completion, all of the fountain's original components will be fully functional. The renovation will also contribute to the Smithsonian's . . . — Map (db m111538) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Restoration of the Land
Four hundred years ago, the Chesapeake Bay region abounded in forests, meadows, wetlands, and croplands. The National Museum of the American Indian restores these environments and is home to more than 27,000 trees, shrubs, and herbaceous plants . . . — Map (db m49640) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — 26/8852 — Rick Bartow (1946-2016)
Rick Bartow (1946-2016) Wiyot Oregon We Were Always Here, 2012 Old-growth Western red cedar, Port Orford cedar, old-growth Douglas fir, oak, maple, stain, sealer Commissioned from the artist 2011 (26/8852) In . . . — Map (db m113974) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Sassafras • Wináhk (Wee-nock)
For centuries, Native peoples have used the bark, roots, and leaves of the sassafras tree as medicine and flavoring in food and beverages. As Native peoples taught settlers how to harvest and use sassafras, demand grew quickly. In the 1700s, . . . — Map (db m113972) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Saturn
Top section of the marker: Saturn This is the planet Saturn and 4 of its largest moons at one 10-billionth actual size. If Saturn were this big, how far away would the Sun and other planets be? Look at the map on the lower . . . — Map (db m110569)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Saturn
Why does Saturn have "ears"? The 17th-century astronomer Christiaan Huygens was the first to suggest that the curious protrusions on both sides of Saturn were in fact a magnificent ring system. Scientists later discovered that the rings are made up . . . — Map (db m111405) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Second Infantry Division Memorial
[From 1936:] The Second Division To Our Honored Dead, 1917-1919 Toulon Troyon Bois de Belleau Vaux Soissons Marache St. Mihiel Blanc Mont Meuse-Argonne The Rhine [From 1962, west inner wing:] Organized in France in . . . — Map (db m15096) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Smokey Bear Blue Spruce
Blue Spruce Picea pungens Planted April 11, 1984 To honor the 40th birthday of Smokey Bear by John R. Block, Secretary of Agriculture R. Max Peterson, Chief, USDA Forest Service and the Forester's Wives Club of Washington, D.C. . . . — Map (db m70456) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Solomon G. Brown
Solomon G. Brown (1829-1906), the Smithsonian’s first African-American employee, retired in 1906 after 54 years of service. Brown, well-known for his lectures on natural history, was also an avid poet and Anacostia community leader. . . . — Map (db m70118) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Spencer Fullerton Baird — 1823 - 1887
Second Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution Pioneer in American Natural History [on reverse of statue:] ("Opus, Baskin, 1976") — Map (db m46418) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Star Nurseries
Where are stars born? Stars form in a large, dense region of hydrogen and helium gas and dust called a nebula (Latin for "cloud"). When a nearby cosmic collision or pressure from a supernova causes a nebula to collapse it divides into many . . . — Map (db m111409) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Steven Thomas Stefani IVForest Service Range Conservationist — United States Department of Agriculture
United States Department of Agriculture An American chestnut (Castanea dentate) tree has been planted in honor of Forest Service Range Conservationist, Steven Thomas Stefani IV (1978-2007) who died serving his country, . . . — Map (db m47730) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Sun
Top section of the marker: This large golden ball is the Sun at one 10-billionth actual size. The Sun is a star with a system of 8 planets. If the Sun were this big, how far away would the planets be? Look at the map on the lower . . . — Map (db m110562)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Sun
The Sun is a medium-sized star mostly made of hot hydrogen and helium gas. Its 11-year solar cycle produces such features as sunspots, prominence, filaments, and plages (pronounced "plahzh"), and such events as flares and coronal mass . . . — Map (db m114102) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Sunflower • Wádxaweew (wah-ha-way-oh)
First cultivated by Native peoples in the Southwest nearly 3,000 years ago, the sunflower has become one of the most well-known and highly prized plants across the world. The Hidatsa, who live in present-day North Dakota, cultivated several . . . — Map (db m113962) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Swamp Milkweed • Wihsakán (wee-sah-quam)
Distinguished by its scarlet hourglass-shaped flowers and white sap, the swamp milkweed is a beautiful wetlands plant. The Menominee harvested the plant "heads" when in full bloom and added them to soup, or stored them for winter use. The Sac and . . . — Map (db m114146)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — T.S.C. Lowe's Observation Flight
On June 18, 1861, T.S.C. Lowe made a tethered observation flight with his gas-filled balloon Enterprise from a spot on the National Mall in front of where the National Air and Space Museum now stands. During this flight, he sent the first telegram . . . — Map (db m110044) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The American Elm that Grew Along with America
This American elm (Ulmus Americana) is one of the oldest and most majestic trees on the Smithsonian grounds. It was planted around 1850, well before the opening of the National Museum of Natural History in 1910. Known as the Smithsonian . . . — Map (db m113994) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Canal Connection
President George Washington commissioned Pierre L'Enfant to design the Capital City in 1790. The L'Enfant Plan included a system of canals to transport heavy goods at a time when roads and streets were few and muddy. The Washington City Canal . . . — Map (db m211) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The First Japanese Cherry Trees
The first Japanese Cherry Trees, presented to the City of Washington as a gesture of friendship and good will by the City of Tokyo, were planted on this site, March 27, 1912. — Map (db m54912) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The General Dwight David Eisenhower PlazaUnited States Holocaust Memorial Museum — "Loss and Regeneration, 1993"
Panel 1: Dedicated in gratitude to the Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe, General Dwight David Eisenhower and the valiant soldiers of all Allied Armies he led into battle. Victorious in battle, they brought the Third Reich to . . . — Map (db m48459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The German-American Friendship Garden1683-1983
The German-American Friendship Garden 1683-1983 commemorates 300 years of German immigration and contributions to America and symbolizes the friendship between the German and American people — Map (db m114162) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Modern RoseKathrine Dulin Folger Rose Garden
"How cunningly nature hides every wrinkle of her inconceivable antiquity under roses and violets and morning dew." --Ralph Waldo Emerson Fossil evidence found in Colorado in the U.S. suggests that plants in the rose family have . . . — Map (db m110773) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The National Garden Takes Root10th Anniversary — National Garden
In 1986 President Ronald Reagan signed legislation creating the rose as the national floral emblem for the United States. Plans then got underway to find a site to showcase roses in the nation's capital. The U.S. Botanic Garden (USBG) was . . . — Map (db m110456)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Parterre
Parterre—from a French term meaning "on or along the ground"—originated in the 16th-century Renaissance Italy as an ornamental garden style. The style, which defines garden pace by arranging hedges, flowers, grass, water, and gravel to . . . — Map (db m110781) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The pillars of the Renwick Gates...
The pillars of the Renwick Gates were based on this 1849 drawing by James Renwick Jr., the architect of the Smithsonian Castle. They were constructed in the 1980s from the same kind of sandstone that was used to build the Castle. . . . — Map (db m110725) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Pollinator Partnership
Insects, birds, bats, and even monkeys, lemurs, and a lizard! About 75% of the world's flowering plants depend upon these animals for pollination. Most other plants rely upon wind to carry their pollen grains from plant to plant. Pollination . . . — Map (db m110454)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Rose GardenBeautiful, Versatile, and "Green" Roses
Roses possess a rare combination of texture, fragrance, form and color that elevates them to royal status among flowers. Known to have been cultivated in gardens throughout history, roses have been grown for medicinal qualities, religious symbolism, . . . — Map (db m115937) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — The Washington City Canal
Completed in 1815, the canal extended east of this point along the line of Constitution Avenue and south around the Capitol with branches leading into the Anacostia River. — Map (db m210) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Traditional Croplands
Agricultural Gifts to the World About 60 percent of the world's diet today is derived from Native American foods, such as potatoes, chilies, tomatoes, and even chocolate! Native peoples encouraged the growth of various plants together . . . — Map (db m113959) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Triceratops horridusBronze cast of prototype, USNM 517431
Triceratops roamed northwestern North America 70-65 million years ago, when the climate was much warmer and wetter. It dined on plants that included relatives of those you see here. This cast was created from the skull of our . . . — Map (db m113990) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
“Although a soldier by profession, I have never felt any sort of fondness for war, and I have never advocated it, except as a means of peace,” General Ulysses S. Grant. Hiram Ulysses Grant, mistakenly listed as Ulysses Simpson . . . — Map (db m29459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — United States Botanic GardenDirectory
Hours: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, including holidays For visitor information call (202) 225-8333 www.usbg.gov The United States Botanic Garden (USBG), established by the Congress in 1820 is one of the oldest botanic gardens in North . . . — Map (db m110451) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Upland Hardwood Forest
You are standing next to an upland hardwood forest--a group of shrubs and more than 30 species of trees--that reflects the dense forests of the Blue Ridge Mountains and other local sites. The Forests' Bounty The Nanticoke and other . . . — Map (db m113971) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Uranus
Uranus This is the planet Uranus and its 4 largest moons at one 10-billionth actual size. If Uranus were this big, how far away would Earth and other planets be? look at the map on the lower panel to find your position in the solar . . . — Map (db m110095) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — USDA Holocaust Memorial Tree
United States Department of Agriculture Dedicated as a Living Reminder in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust by Secretary Dan Glickman May 2, 2000 Yom Hashoah, Day of Remembrance Franklin D. Roosevelt Red Bud from a seed collected at . . . — Map (db m70618) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — USDA Veterans Memorial
United States Department of Agriculture “Dedicated to the brave men and women of the United States Department of Agriculture who served the United States of America through military service in time of armed combat.” Dedicated by: . . . — Map (db m107190) WM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Venus
Top section of the marker: Venus This tiny sphere is the planet Venus at one 10-billionth actual size. If Venus were this big, how far away would the Sun and other planets be? Look at the map on the lower panel to find your . . . — Map (db m110565)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Venus
Venus has the hottest surface of any planet in our solar system, even though Mercury is closer to the Sun. Why is Venus so hot? Its atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide and is 93 times denser than Earth's. The carbon dioxide has caused an intense . . . — Map (db m111401) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Vietnam Veterans Memorial
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial honors the courage, sacrifice, and devotion to duty and country of the men and women of the armed forces of the United States who served in America's longest war. By virtue of its design, the memorial inspires a . . . — Map (db m212) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — VoyageA Journey Through Our Solar System
You are standing near the Sun within a model of our solar system. The real solar system is 10 billion times larger. Take a voyage! Imagine exploring our solar system as a giant. As you travel, you encounter the Sun and its planets, each small . . . — Map (db m110561) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — VoyageA Journey Through Our Solar System
You are standing near Pluto within a model of our solar system. The real solar system is 10 billion times larger. Take a voyage! Imagine exploring our solar system as a giant. As you travel, you encounter the Sun and its planets, each small . . . — Map (db m110776) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington City Canal on the Tiber Creek
Beginning in 1815, a water transport canal was opened joining the Potomac river and the Anacostia river, then known as the Eastern Branch. The Washington Canal brought building supplies for construction of many buildings in the young city. The canal . . . — Map (db m105992) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington Monument
In commemoration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Washington Monument 1884 – 1984 Walkways donated July 11, 1984 by the members and friends of the National Society of Professional Engineers in observance of the . . . — Map (db m47332) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington Monument — Earthquake of August 23, 2011
On August 23, 2011, a 5.8 magnitude earthquake occurred 84 miles southwest of Washington, D.C. As the earth shook, the Washington Monument sustained significant damage to many of its marble and granite blocks. Although the monument remains . . . — Map (db m70930) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington: The CityNational Mall and Memorial Parks
George Washington shaped many aspects of the nation's capital. He championed placing the capital along the Potomac River then personally selected the site. He chose architect Pierre L'Enfant to design the city. L'Enfant envisioned a capital with . . . — Map (db m109323) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington: The ManNational Mall and Memorial Parks
"He was, indeed, in every sense of the words, a wise, a good, and a great man." Thomas Jefferson, January 2, 1814 George Washington shaped the United States in both war and peace. He led the Continental Army against the British in the . . . — Map (db m109320) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Washington: The MonumentNational Mall and Memorial Parks
The Washington Monument honors George Washington, hero of the American Revolution and the first president of the United States. When this stunning stone obelisk was completed in 1884, it was the tallest building in the world. Today the monument . . . — Map (db m109322) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Plaza
Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Plaza First opened in 1974, the Hirshhorn's plaza displays recent sculptures by international artists. More than 400,000 people visit the sculpture garden and plaza each year. So while we invite you to . . . — Map (db m113987) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Plaza
Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Plaza First opened in 1974, the Hirshhorn's plaza displays recent sculptures by international artists. More than 400,000 people visit the sculpture garden and plaza each year. So while we invite you to . . . — Map (db m113997) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Plaza
Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Plaza First opened in 1974, the Hirshhorn's plaza displays recent sculptures by international artists. More than 400,000 people visit the sculpture garden and plaza each year. So while we invite you to . . . — Map (db m114000) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Sculpture Garden
Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Sculpture Garden First opened in 1974, this garden displays sculptures from Europe and North America dating from the 1880s to the present. More than 400,000 people visit this garden each year. So while we . . . — Map (db m113995) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Sculpture Garden
Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Sculpture Garden First opened in 1974, this garden displays sculptures from Europe and North America dating from the 1880s to the present. More than 400,000 people visit this garden each year. So while we . . . — Map (db m113996) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Sculpture Garden
Welcome to the Hirshhorn Museum's Sculpture Garden First opened in 1974, this garden displays sculptures from Europe and North America dating from the 1880s to the present. More than 400,000 people visit this garden each year. So while we . . . — Map (db m113999) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Wetlands
These diverse wetlands--and the ducks, squirrels, and dragonflies that make their home here--represent the original Chesapeake Bay environment, the largest estuary in North America. Chesapeake means "Great Shellfish Bay" in the Algonquian . . . — Map (db m113965) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — What is a Grandfather Rock?
The Cheyenne refer to boulders as Grandfathers, the oldest beings on Earth. There are 40 Grandfather Rocks surrounding the museum, greeting and welcoming our visitors. How many can you find?Map (db m113967) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — What is this?
What is this? Known as a snag, this tree's rotting trunk and branches serve as a space for nests, nurseries, storage, foraging, roosting, and perching for birds, small mammals, and other urban wildlife. Why did this tree . . . — Map (db m113989) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — When does pollination happen?
Successful pollination requires year-around efforts. Plants have evolved with different flowering times that decrease competition among pollinators. Continuous blooms throughout the growing season provides pollinators with a constant food . . . — Map (db m113992)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Where do pollinators live?
Pollinator habitat depends on the pollinator and their life cycle stage. For example bees can use leaves, mud, sand plant resins and even abandoned snail shells for their nests, while many butterfly larvae live and feed only on one specific . . . — Map (db m110573)
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is pollination important?
Pollination is vital for a strong ecosystem. Pollination has evolved over millions of years and benefits both flowering plants and pollinators. One three bites of food you eat depends on pollinators. Pollination by honey bees and other . . . — Map (db m113991) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?
On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service . . . — Map (db m49459) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?
On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service . . . — Map (db m49521) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Why is the Washington Monument Temporarily Closed?
On August 23, 2011, a magnitude 5.8 earthquake centered in Virginia sent tremors throughout eastern North America. This seismic activity affected a number of Washington, D.C. Landmarks, including the Washington Monument. National Park Service . . . — Map (db m53727) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — WingapoWelcome to a Native Place — Native American Astronomy
Native American Astronomy Over thousands of years, Native peoples have studied the moon as a guide for agricultural and ceremonial cycles. For the Powhatan, the month known as May was called the Corn Planting Moon. They kept time by noting . . . — Map (db m113954) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — WingapoWelcome to a Native Place — Lessons from the Sun
Lessons from the Sun The museum doors--etched with sun symbols--open to the east and greet the rising sun as do many traditional Native homes. Most Native peoples honor the sun as a life-giver and calendar, instructing when to plant, harvest, . . . — Map (db m113963) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Witchhazel • Suhwe?t (suh-whet)
A popular commercial remedy and facial astringent used throughout the world, witchhazel was first harvested by Native peoples in the eastern United States. The Potawatomi and Mahican tribes used witchhazel as a sedative and as an astringent, and . . . — Map (db m49647) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — World War II Memorial
Here in the presence of Washington and Lincoln, one the Eighteenth Century father and the other the Nineteenth Century preserver of our nation, we honor those Twentieth Century Americans who took up the struggle during the Second World War and made . . . — Map (db m4392) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Yayoi KusamaJapanese, b. Matsumoto, 1929 — Pumpkin
Yayoi Kusama Japanese, b. Matsumoto, 1929 Pumpkin 2016 Fiber-reinforced plastic Collection of the artist For Yayoi Kusama pumpkins represent a source of radiant energy. They are, perhaps, the artist's most beloved motif, . . . — Map (db m114001) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Yinka Shonibare MBE
Yinka Shonibare MBE b. 1962, England Wind Sculpture VII 2016 Steel armature with hand-painted fiberglass resin cast and gold leave National Museum of African Art, museum purchase with funds from Amelia Quist-Ogunlesi and . . . — Map (db m110782) HM
District of Columbia (Washington), The National Mall — Yoko OnoAmerican, b. Tókyo, Japan, 1993 — Wish Tree
Yoko Ono American, b. Tokyo, Japan, 1933 Wish Tree 2007 Live tree Gift of the artist, 2007 (07.6) The Wish Tree series, begun in 1996, continues Ono's interactive art tradition by inviting visitors to whisper . . . — Map (db m113998) HM

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