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Thurmont, Maryland Historical Markers

 
Catoctin Iron Furnace image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, October 22, 2011
Catoctin Iron Furnace
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — "Isabella" and Casting Shed — Catoctin Iron Furnace
A Village and Its Resources: The quiet village of Catoctin Furnace was a bustling industrial community that began in the 1700’s around the Iron-making complex James Johnson built the first furnace with financial assistance from Thomas Johnson, . . . — Map (db m61258) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — A Fatal Shootout
Near here on July 31, 1929, Deputy Sheriff Clyde L. Hauver was fatally wounded in a raid on the Blue Blazes Still. Police eventually tracked down several suspects, and two moonshiners were convicted in connection with the murder after several days . . . — Map (db m79932) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — A Tradition of Conservation — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Many organizations and individuals have played a part in cultivating Catoctin Mountain Park’s legacy of conservation and education. Since the 1930’s thousands of adults and school children have participated in learning-by-doing programs. They have . . . — Map (db m61237) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Blue Blazes Still
What the police discovered at the Blue Blazes Still was startling. This was not a small, family still but a big, commercial whiskey operation. Police found coils, cooling boxes, hoses, and eighteen 500-gallon-vats— the largest best equipped . . . — Map (db m79945) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Blue Blazes Whiskey Trail — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
This trail–an easy 0.6-mile round trip–follows the banks of Blue Blazes Run to the site of the Thurmont area's most famous whiskey still. Some early settlers distilled alcohol for family use. Others had an economic reason: a horse could . . . — Map (db m121149) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Furnace
An important iron furnace during the revolution owned by Governor Thomas Johnson and his brothers. Furnished 100 tons of shells used at Yorktown. — Map (db m1530) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Iron Furnace — Original Catoctin Furnace
The original Catoctin Furnace, located nearby on Little Hunting Creek, was in blast by 1776 and delivered 958 ten inch bombshells weighing over 31 tons to Washington’s Continental Army in 1780. A great number were used in the siege of Yorktown a . . . — Map (db m61259) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Iron Furnace — No Time For War
Gettysburg Campaign When Union Gen. John F. Reynolds’ I Corps marched by here on June 29, 1863, en route to Emmitsburg and soon to Gettysburg, his men were progressing “swimmingly.” The workers of the Catoctin Furnace had little time . . . — Map (db m105249) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Catoctin Mountain Geology
· Mountain age: 500 million years old · Highest local mountain peak: Quirauk Mountain - 2,145 feet tall · Commonly found rocks: Metabasalt, quartzite, limestone, metarhyolite The Catoctin Mountains were once similar in size and shape to the . . . — Map (db m99366) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Collier's Hut — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
A collier was part manufacturer, firefighter, and watchman. After igniting as many as seven stacks, he stayed close by in a small tepee hut like this one. Too much was at stake. Every three hours for two weeks, the collier patrolled the smoking . . . — Map (db m121159) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Creeger House — 11 North Church Street
Originally built in the 1820's this house was enlarged and brick cased in 1876 for Col. John R. Rouzer, Civil War hero. Purchased by Edwin Creeger in 1924 and deeded to the Thurmont Historical Society by Mrs. Ethel Creeger in 1990. Recognized in . . . — Map (db m66196) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Cunningham Falls — locally known as McAfee Falls — Cunningham Falls State Park
Big Hunting Creek begins just west of this spot in a series of seeps and springs atop the Foxville Plateau. The creek flows over the Falls into Hunting Creek Lake (also known as Cunningham Falls Lake) and along MD Route 77. The creek is designated . . . — Map (db m61244) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Fueling the Furnace — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The charcoal was made. The cutters and wood haulers were done. The air was beginning to clear. Now the colliers had to make sure the teamsters transported the charcoal downhill to the Catoctin Iron Furnace with their mule-drawn wagons. For . . . — Map (db m121161) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Making Charcoal — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
After building a triangular chimney and stuffing it with sticks, the collier stacked logs in concentric circles around the flue. The 12-foot-high stack consisted of 30 to 50 cords—two or three times the logs you see in this replica. The . . . — Map (db m121157) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Making Whiskey
This Still is typical of one on a family farm. Cracked corn, yeast, sugar, and water were put into a wooden barrel to ferment. The solids were removed, and the liquid was poured into the (1) kettle and heated over a (2) wood fire. Because alcohol . . . — Map (db m80123) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Preparing the Hearth — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
This is a hearth—one of many sites in the park where a collier burned wood to make charcoal. Notice the blackened soil. The collier first cleared a level area 30 to 40 feet in diameter. Each time he used the hearth the collier raked the dirt . . . — Map (db m121155) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Second Growth Forest
· Tree age: 100 years old, or less · Dominant tree types: Oak and hickory The Benefits of Trees Prior to the area being protected the 1930s, trees were routinely cut for farming, timbering and to make charcoal for the Catoctin Iron Furnace. As . . . — Map (db m98721) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Signs of the Past — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
The dark soil indicates that this flat area was once the site of a charcoal hearth. So far, more than 140 hearth sites have been discovered within Catoctin Mountain Park. Others remain hidden amid grasses, trees, and other plants that have reclaimed . . . — Map (db m121160) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — The Brotherhood of the Jungle Cock
Creed of the Brotherhood of the Jungle Cock We Who Love Angling, in order that it may enjoy practice and reward in the later generations, mutually move together towards a common goal – the conservation and restoration of American game . . . — Map (db m81790) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Thurmont — Formerly Mechanicstown — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 29, 1863, Mechanicstown was full of the noise of an army on the move as Union Gen. John F. Reynolds marched I Corps to Emmitsburg. Until then, residents had only heard rumors of the advancing Confederates as nervous farmers hurried horses . . . — Map (db m1540) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Thurmont Memorial Park
Dedicated to the memory of all the men and women of this community who have served their country. In memory of the unknown veterans who gave their all in the service of their country. Established by the Town of Thurmont with the help . . . — Map (db m14030) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — To the Unknown Dead — Co. D 6th Maryland Infantry
To the Unknown Dead 1861 - 1865 Memorial to J. [James] Edward Heffner Member Co. D 6th Md. Inf. Erected by his wife. — Map (db m14027) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Wood Hauler's Sled — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Using a pair of horses or mules, wood haulers moved half a cord at a time on rustic sleds like this one to the charcoal hearths. They unloaded the four-foot logs and stacked them on both sides of the sled. They then circled back on the coaling road . . . — Map (db m121153) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Thurmont — Wood—the Essential Ingredient — Catoctin Mountain Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Forests are constantly changing, and in this woodland humans once played a major role in the process. The figures were staggering. During the Catoctin Iron Furnace's peak years from 1859 to 1885, more than 300 woodcutters cleared chestnuts, oaks, . . . — Map (db m121151) HM

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