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Titusville, Pennsylvania Historical Markers

 
Amalie Marker image, Touch for more information
By Steve Stoessel, May 4, 2019
Amalie Marker
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — AmaliePennsylvania Motor Oil
William H. Daugherty lived in Titusville before founding the Daugherty Refinery in Petrolia, PA. Amalie was created in 1903 when L. Sonneborn & Sons bought Daugherty Refinery. It was the first refiner of mineral oils in the United States. In . . . — Map (db m134080) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Atlantic Motor Oil
ATLANTIC REFINING COMPANY 1859: Charles Lockhart and William Frew came to this region to drill for oil on the south bank of the Allegheny across from the mouth of Oil Creek in Venango County. Subsequently they bought out the Tarr Farm and . . . — Map (db m134083) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Brown Street Bridge
Brown Street Bridge ♦ A Steel and Wrought Iron Baltimore Through Truss Design, 175-foot span locally known as the Brown Street Bridge, was constructed on this site crossing Oil Creek between 1898-1899. Prior to replacement in 1991 . . . — Map (db m107775) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Byron D Benson(1832-1888)
A founder and first president of Tidewater Pipe Co., est. 1878. He transformed the shipment of oil with a larger 6-inch pipe that covered greater distances than ever before. This pipeline was first to carry Pa. crude directly to coastal refineries. . . . — Map (db m64972) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Drake Well
Edwin I. Drake, a former railroad conductor , traveled to Titusville in 1857 to find and produce oil in commercial quantities Partnering with salt well driller and blacksmith "Uncle Billy" Smith, they persevered to strike oil in August 27, 1859 . . . — Map (db m133796) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Early Refinery
The first refinery in the Oil Creek Region for crude petroleum was built nearby in 1860. The first run of oil was made in 1861. Oil was first refined at Pittsburgh, about 1854, by Samuel Kier. — Map (db m64971) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Edwin L. Drake
The man who sank the first oil well is buried in Woodlawn Cemetery, and is commemorated by Niehaus's bronze figure of "The Driller." Drake Well is now a State park, a mile and a half south of Titusville. — Map (db m50476) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Exxon
Exxon origins can be traced to Titusville's Carter Oil, founded in 1893 by John J. Carter. Irish immigrant and Civil War veteran John J. Carter was awarded athe Medal of Honor for his bravery at the Battle of Antietam. After the war, he moved to . . . — Map (db m133824) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Gulf
Gulf Oil was one of the many companies formed at Spindletop in January 1901. In late 1901, James M. Guffey bought out the interests of his partners in the Lucas Well (Galey and Lucas) and formed the J.M. Guffey Petroleum Company. Guffey received . . . — Map (db m133640) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida M. Tarbell
Noted oil historian, biographer of Lincoln, journalist, lived in this house about six years. She was graduated from the Titusville High School in 1875. — Map (db m50497) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Ida Tarbell
Ida Tarbell was one of the most famous investigative journalists in American history. She was raised in Titusville during the oil boom. Her father, Franklin Tarbell, was an oil producer and investor. In 1872, she witnessed the destruction of her . . . — Map (db m133624) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John A. Mather
Photographer of oil industry from 1860, lived in this house. His thousands of views form an extraordinary record of an industry that began here. Born, Bury, England, in 1829; died Titusville, 1915. — Map (db m50498) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John Heisman
Shortly after John Heisman's birth in 1869, the Heisman family moved to Titusville where his father, Michael Heisman, was an oil investor and cooper. John Heisman was educated at Titusville schools and played varsity guard on the football team, . . . — Map (db m133875) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — John William Heisman(1869-1936)
Renowned college football coach and name-sake for the sport’s highest amateur honor, the Heisman Memorial Trophy. His innovations included legalizing the forward pass, the center snap, the scoreboard, and game quarters. Heisman promoted player . . . — Map (db m50493) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Oil Creek
Along this stream the first white explorers found Indians skimming surface oil. From 1859 to 1865, the center of oil production and its refining was along the banks of Oil Creek. — Map (db m50494) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Oil CreekPennsylvania Petroleum Products
The Oil Creek Refining Company was founded by Dennis McGraw and incorporated in 1919-20. It was a "home-owned” oil refinery and operated in East Titusville. The company was the first to market motor oil in refinery-sealed, disposable cans . . . — Map (db m134081) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Penn-Drake Motor Oils
The Penn Drake brand was originated by the American Oil Works of Titusville. Michael Heisman (John Heisman's father), Frank VonTacky, William Teege, and Louis Walz created the American Oil Works in Titusville in 1885. Pennsylvania Refining . . . — Map (db m133880) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Pennzoil & South Penn
The Pennzoil brand comes from a long history of foundings and mergers that date back to 1886 when local men Henry Suhr, Samuel Justus, and Louis Walz founded the Penn Refining Company In 1914, Penn Refining merged with Germania Refining Company, . . . — Map (db m133876) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Quaker State Motor Oil
In 1914, Thomas and Hopewell Phinny of Oil City created Phinny's Quaker State Medium Oil. The Phinnys were granted a trademark for Quaker State in August 1921. Quaker State was financed and marketed by J.B. Berry Brothers of Oil City. The . . . — Map (db m133879) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Roberts Torpedo
First successful device for increasing the flow of oil by setting off an explosion deep in a well. It was publicly demonstrated in 1865. The nitroglycerin was made .4 mile south of here, along Hammond Run. — Map (db m50495) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Spindletop
Anthony F. Lucas began drilling a salt dome well with the Gladys City Company near Beaumont, Texas in 1899. When Lucas and his company ran out of money, John H. Galey and James M. Guffey, financed Lucas and formed a partnership named J.M. Guffey . . . — Map (db m133830) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — St. Titus Church
Many Roman Catholics came into the area during the oil boom which began in 1859. The Reverend Father DeLarouque, who had been presiding over mass in a cooper shop, decided a church was needed. Ground was broken on this property in 1862 and the . . . — Map (db m107779) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Standard Oil Company
John D. Rockefeller organized the Standard Oil Company in 1870. He owned wells in Titusville and Cleveland and began buying refineries in Pennsylvania and Ohio. By 1882, Standard Oil controlled 90% of the entire nation's refining capacity. The . . . — Map (db m133636) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Sterling Oil
Sterling Oil was created in the 1890s by P.J. Bayer as a marketing vehicle for Emlenton Refinery's "Sterling" cylinder engine and Dynamo oil for Erie and Western New York. It was acquired by Eastern Refining Company during World War I. For the . . . — Map (db m133716) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Sun Oil Co./Sunoco
Titusville residents Joseph Pew and E.O. Emerson organized the Sun Oil Company in March 1890. Based in Pennsylvania, Sun Oil was operated by the Pew family who became giants in refining and shipbuilding. The company went public in 1922 and was . . . — Map (db m133600) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Texaco
Texaco was formed at Spindletop in 1901 by Joseph Cullinan and Arnold Schlaet as the Texas Fuel Company. Cullinan served as president and general manager of Texaco. Joseph Cullinan was born in Sharon, Pennsylvania and lived part of his early . . . — Map (db m133839) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Tidewater
In 1865, Titusville residents Byron Benson, Robert Hopkins and David McKelvy started a sawmill in Enterprise (located just outside Titusville) to finance their drilling operation; which they named the Enterprise Oil and Lumber Company. In . . . — Map (db m134082) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Iron Company, 1860
The first machine shop and foundry built to serve the oil industry was located "a year and a mile from Drake Well." In 1889, new owners organized it as the Titusville Iron Company, Limited, under executive officers John Fertig and James Curtis . . . — Map (db m107782) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Oil Exchange
The industry's first permanent oil exchange was organized in 1871 by producers, refiners, dealers, brokers. Starting in the American Hotel on this spot, it moved to other sites; returned here in a new three-story brick building, 1881. Dissolved . . . — Map (db m50496) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusville Trust Company, 1919
"There are few bank buildings in America which equal this in permanence and quality of construction..." remarked architect Arthur Zimm. The Titusville Herald reported that "...few were prepared for the beauties revealed when its doors were . . . — Map (db m79974) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Titusvillia Drakei Caster
In ancient seabottom rocks exposed in this stream, the Holotype Specimen of a rare fossil sponge was found by Paleontologist Kenneth E. Caster. In 1939 in recognition of the support which brought the sciences of geology and paleontology to such . . . — Map (db m64970) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Union 76 Gasoline
Created in part by Cherrytree-born brothers Milton and Lyman Stewart, Union Oil Company of California was formed in 1890. After an early start not far from here in the Shamburg oil field, and serving in the Civil War, Lyman moved to Calfornia . . . — Map (db m133872) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — ValvolinePennsylvania Motor Oils
In 1867 Dr. John Ellis developed cylinder oils in Pennsylvania and in 1873 was awarded a trademark for Valvoline. He marketed it as superior in quality to lard and fat in lubrication and was used by many railroads. Valvoline became the standard . . . — Map (db m133883) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Western NY and PA Railway Freight Station, 1892
In 1860, Thomas Struthers and his partners formed the Oil Creek Railroad to haul freight, coal, and oil between Corry and Petroleum Centre. The original station was destroyed in Titusville's great flood and fire of 1892, but rebuilt later that year. . . . — Map (db m107785) HM
Pennsylvania (Crawford County), Titusville — Wolf's Head Oils and Lubes
In 1879, A.L. Confer constructed a refining still 18 miles from here in Reno, PA called the Empire Oil Works. He recognized a need for a better illuminating oil and used carefully controlled temperatures to create a high-quality kerosene. In . . . — Map (db m133887) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Densmore Tank Cars
The first functional railway oil tank car was invented and constructed in 1865 by James and Amos Densmore at nearby Miller Farm along Oil Creek. It consisted of two wooden tanks placed on a flat railway car; each tank held 40-45 barrels of crude . . . — Map (db m88570) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Drake Well
This native boulder marks the plot where through the foresight, energy and persistence of Edwin L. Drake The first well was drilled for oil. On August 27, 1859 oil was found at a depth of sixty-nine feet. This great discovery . . . — Map (db m39968) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Drake Well Park
On this site "Col." Edwin Drake struck oil Aug. 27, 1859; the birth of the petroleum industry. Administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. — Map (db m50477) HM
Pennsylvania (Venango County), Titusville — Samuel Van Syckel
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Samuel Van Syckel whose inventive mind and business ability planned and built the first successful oil pipeline in the world in September, 1865, from Pithole to Miller Farm, PA. Thus was set in motion a . . . — Map (db m133595) HM

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