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Vicksburg, Mississippi Historical Markers

 
"Gold in the Hills" Mural image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, May 25, 2017
"Gold in the Hills" Mural
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "Gold in the Hills"
The longest continually-running melodrama in the world began with modest roots on March 28, 1936 by Julia Arnold on a U.S. Army Corps of Engineers barge that had been redesigned to resemble a riverboat and renamed the Dixie Belle. "Gold in the . . . — Map (db m104084) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "Logging on the River"
One of Vicksburg and Warren County's greatest natural resources is its hardwood forests. For years, the harvesting of timber was hard work that was achieved by hard men and animals working in unison. After trees were cut, oxen and mules were . . . — Map (db m104128) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "New Beginnings & Lasting Legacies"
From the earliest settlers to Vicksburg, African Americans have made significant contributions to social, educational, religious, economic and political progress. Vicksburg was home to Hiram Rhodes Revels, the first African American U. S. . . . — Map (db m103994) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The 1953 Vicksburg Tornado"
On a balmy Saturday afternoon in the winter of 1953, a tornado etched a path of destruction from Vicksburg's waterfront through downtown and into a northeast residential area. The December 5th twister is to date (2006) one of only two F5 . . . — Map (db m104086) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The Blues are the Roots, the Rest are the Fruits"-Willie Dixon
Famed musician and prolific song writer Willie Dixon was born in Vicksburg in 1915. In 1936, he moved to Chicago, taking with him an appreciation of African field songs, gospel, blues, and country music. Over the next 50 years, Dixon created a . . . — Map (db m104145) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The Founding of Vicksburg and Methodism"
Methodism played a formative role in the founding of Vicksburg and Warren County. In 1799, Rev. Tobias Gibson, a circuit rider in the Mississippi Territory established the Hopewell congregation in Warren County. In 1814, Rev. Newitt Vick, a . . . — Map (db m104127) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The War Between the States"
Vicksburg voters opposed secession but once the war began they supported the Confederacy, over 2500 local men joining the Southern ranks. The first attack on Vicksburg was in the spring of 1862. The enemy was repulsed, Col. James Autry telling . . . — Map (db m104036) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "The Widow Blakely"
Because it was the lone Blakely rifled cannon in all the Vicksburg defenses, the Confederate soldiers called this 7.44-inch gun, "The Widow Blakely." During the siege it was mounted about 1 mile north of its present position. On May 22, 1863, the . . . — Map (db m97124) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — "Two Bridges at Sunset"
Probably one of the most picturesque views of Vicksburg is that of the two bridges over the Mississippi River. The first bridge was constructed in 1930 for $6,500,000 to transport vehicles and trains. It was, at that time, the only bridge across . . . — Map (db m104083) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company A, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. Paul T. Dismukes. The company served one 10-inch Columbiad in a position not in the park, about 266 yards southwest of this tablet, from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m109494) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company B, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. William P. Parks. The company served one 32-pounder rifled gun in a position, not in the park, about 200 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m110743) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company C, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. H.T. Norman The company served one 9-inch Dahlgren gun in a position, not in the park, immediately west of the Harwood house and about 66 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to about June 29, when the gun, with a detachment . . . — Map (db m110842) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Company D, — 1st Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Lieut. G.W. Miller; Lieut. D.M. Upton. The company served one 8-inch Columbiad in a position, not in the park, about 200 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. — Map (db m110742) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Johnston's Company — Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. T. N. Johnston. A detachment of the company served two 10-inch Columbiads in a position, not in the park about 150 yards northwest of this tablet, from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. They were creditably and . . . — Map (db m109450) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Johnston's Company, — Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
Capt. T.N. Johnston A detachment of the company, under Lieut. P.R. Cousins, served one 7-inch Brooke's rifled gun in a position, not in the park, about 233 yards west of this tablet, from May 18 to June 28, 1863, when it was disabled . . . — Map (db m109530) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S. Tennessee Heavy Artillery; — River Batteries; Army of Vicksburg.
One 42-pounder smoothbore gun was mounted in a position, not in the park, near the end of the spur known as "Devil's Backbone" and about 100 yards west of this tablet from May 18 to the end of the defense, July 4, 1863. It was not in exclusive . . . — Map (db m110840) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. Battery Benton. — Acting Master J. Frank Reed.
U.S. Battery Benton. Acting Master J. Frank Reed.A detachment of Battery E, 1st Missouri Light Artillery under Lieut. Joseph B. Atwater and a detail of enlisted men of the 34th Iowa Infantry, all under Acting Master J. Frank Reed of the gunboat . . . — Map (db m39567) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. Battery K, — 2D Illinois Light Artillery; — 4th Div.; 16th Corps; Army of the Tennessee.
Capt. Benjamin F. Rodgers. The battery served four James rifles in temporary positions on the investment line of its division from May 25. One section served two James rifles in this position from about June 22 to the end of the . . . — Map (db m109364) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 64 — 61 Highway
Side 1: The rise of the automobile and the development of a national highway system in the 1920's and '30s coincided with the initial boom of blues, jazz, and spiritual recordings by African American artists. Songs in the African American . . . — Map (db m97080) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 901, 905, 913 Crawford Street
Middle house constructed ca. 1830 by John Lane, a member of Vicksburg's founding family. Flanking Italianate townhouses constructed ca. 1872: 901 by a niece of Jeff. Davis; 913 by Judge Upton Young. — Map (db m109280) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Alpha Kappa Alpha National Presidents
Both former residents of Vicksburg, B. Beatrix Scott and Ida L. Jackson served as the fifth and eighth national presidents of the Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, 1925-1927 and 1933-1936, respectively. During her presidency, Scott helped establish . . . — Map (db m97074) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Anchuca
Built in three stages from ca. 1830 to 1855, this Greek Revival–style mansion was originally built by J.W. Mauldin and sold to Victor Wilson in 1840. Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1981, Anchuca was Vicksburg’s first . . . — Map (db m103752) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Anshe Chesed Congregation
Meaning "men of kindness," the Anshe Chesed Congregation was organized in 1841 and formally chartered by the State of Mississippi in 1862. It was a founding member of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations in 1874. Anshe Chesed is the second . . . — Map (db m50909) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 8 — Antebellum — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Springfield Neighborhood You are in Vicksburg's oldest neighborhood where many structures are antebellum. An-te-bel-lum is derived from Latin meaning "before the war." Duff Green Mansion In 1856 a wealthy cotton . . . — Map (db m115488) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 31 — Apple Orchard — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
"The Country" Around 1860, Frederic Baum and his wife Ellen Chambers Baum had a home in the middle of a fabulous apple orchard located in this area. Frederic had several businesses, was an alderman for the City of Vicksburg, and served on . . . — Map (db m115537) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Balfour House
Built mid-1830s. Home of diarist Emma Balfour, noted diarist of the Siege. Site of 1862 Christmas ball interrupted by arrival of Federal fleet. Following surrender, July 4, 1863, was HQ. of Maj.-Gen. J.B. McPherson. — Map (db m97085) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 28 — Banks and Bottles — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Vicksburg Banks The need for banks grew as local merchants flourished and more people had paying jobs. In 1895 Vicksburg had five banks. By 1906, because of the economic boom, there were thirteen local banks. Two historically . . . — Map (db m115430) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Bethel A.M.E. Church
Site of first African Methodist Episcopal Church (1864), and first Negro Masonic Lodge in Mississippi organized here (1875). Campbell College was organized here in 1890. Present church was built in 1912. — Map (db m103754) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 33 — Blue Roof — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
The Feld House The Feld House is one of the most architecturally significant residences of early 20th Century in Mississippi. The home was constructed in 1913 by Hannah B. Fishell, widow of Alfred Fishell, a prominent Vicksburg . . . — Map (db m115544) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Brothers of the Sacred Heart
Known for strict discipline and demand for diligent work, the Brothers of the Sacred Heart took charge of the education of Vicksburg Catholic young men when they arrived at St. Aloysius Academy on the corner of First North and Grove streets in . . . — Map (db m104129) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 15 — Business Men — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
In the mid-1800's Vicksburg began to grow and prosper. An 1866 city directory listed 35 Jewish-owned stores and about 90 Jewish families living in Vicksburg. These three homes were owned by Jewish businessmen who prospered with Vicksburg's growing . . . — Map (db m115530) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C S Headquarters Stevenson's Division — Army of Vicksburg
Maj. Gen. Carter L. Stevenson May 18-July 4 1863 This building was then a dwelling house two stories high width of front same as now but depth much lessMap (db m109505) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — C.S.S. Arkansas
The C.S.S. Arkansas, an ironclad built in Yazoo City, met the Union vessels Queen of the West, Tyler and Carondelet on July 15, 1862, on the Yazoo River. Moving into the Mississippi, the Arkansas ran past thirty-nine . . . — Map (db m103751) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Camp Williamson
In 1906 the Vicksburg Business League purchased nearly sixty acres of land and grading, one quarter mile east of this site, to attract a proposed National Guard rifle range. The range, which opened in 1907, included a store house, a concrete target . . . — Map (db m103779) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Carr Central High School
Built in 1924 in the tutor Gothic style, Carr Central High School was designed by architect William A. Stanton. This building once housed the administrative offices of the school district and kindergarten, elementary, and junior high school classes. . . . — Map (db m115321) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Carr School
Carr School was designed in the Tudor Gothic style by William Stanton, a well-known architect, who had designed many religious, public, commercial and residential buildings across Mississippi. The school was built in 1924 by the E.G. Parish . . . — Map (db m104136) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 30 — Catfish Row — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Not a clean place Catfish Row was Vicksburg's commerce hub where horse-drawn wagons connected with steamboats and trains. Not particularly a clean place, it was busy with laborers, lined with saloons, and thriving with underground activities. If you . . . — Map (db m115437) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 21 — Cherry Street — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
In the late 1800s and early 1900s, this part of Cherry Street was an affluent residential area lined with spectacular homes. The Rose Home In 1897 Adolph Rose, a prominent banker and wholesale merchant, built this grand home with a unique . . . — Map (db m115415) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Chickasaw Bayou Battle
Here on December 27-29, 1862 General W.T. Sherman with 32,000 men was routed by a defending C.S.A. force of 9,000 led by Gen. Stephen D. Lee. Union losses were 9 to 1. — Map (db m105420) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 9 — Christ Episcopal Church — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Vicksburg's Oldest Public Building The cornerstone for Christ Episcopal was laid in 1839 but a fire and yellow fever epidemic delayed completion until 1843. The corner stone was laid by Bishop Leonidas Polk, who later served as a major . . . — Map (db m115490) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Christ Episcopal Church
Founded 1828. Nave and tower constructed 1839-43. Cornerstone laid by Bishop Leonidas Polk. Despite the bombardment, the Rev. W.W. Lord conducted daily services here during the Siege of Vicksburg. — Map (db m115491) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 22 — City of Steeples — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Faith Arrives Faith had an early foothold in Vicksburg. The Catholic faith arrived early with the Spanish explorers and settlers. Organized religion started around 1812 when Newit Vick, a Methodist minister, arrived. Early settlers . . . — Map (db m115418) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Combat Wounded Veterans — Military Order of the Purple Heart — 1782-1932
Dedicated To The Recipients Of The Nation's Oldest Military Decoration "The Purple Heart" My stone is red for the blood they shed. The medal I bear is my country's way to show they care. If I could be seen by all . . . — Map (db m109895) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Confederate Dead at Vicksburg Memorial
Dedicated to the memory of the men who gave their lives in defense of Vicksburg — Map (db m104276) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Confederate Dead Monument — 1861 - 1865
Front In Memory of the men, from all states of the South, who fell in the defense of Vicksburg during a siege of 47 days - May 18 to July 3, 1863. A defense unsurpassed in the annals of war for heroism, endurance of devotion, and . . . — Map (db m104277) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Crossing the Mississippi
Prior to the construction of a bridge in 1930 across the Mississippi River at Vicksburg, train cars crossed to Louisiana on "ferries for trains" called transfer boats. The inclines at Kleinstown in Vicksburg and Delta Point in Louisiana were . . . — Map (db m103989) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Debate and Decision
From his headquarters in this grand mansion, Confederate General Pemberton followed the movement of enemy troops during the siege. He watched his men suffering from lack of food and the relentless Union bombardment. After nearly seven weeks, . . . — Map (db m81903) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Dedication of the Illinois Monument — Vicksburg National Military Park
The Vicksburg National Military Park, established by Congress on February 21, 1899, commemorates the campaign, siege, and defense of Vicksburg during the Civil War. The 1,800 acres of the park are dotted with over 1,300 monuments, making it the "art . . . — Map (db m103991) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Early Exploration - Fort Nogales
The Spanish were the first Europeans (in 1541) to discover what is today called Fort Hill, the second highest spot between Memphis and New Orleans. When the French arrived in 1682, they laid claim to the region. The Treaty of Paris in 1763 divided . . . — Map (db m104038) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Featherston-Magruder House
In 1831, Richard Featherston, a teacher, built a single story structure here and opened Vicksburg's first school. Dr. Alex Magruder expanded the house to two stories in 1850 and used the original as a clinic where he treated victims of the . . . — Map (db m115315) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Firing on the A.O. Tyler
On January 13, 1861, the steamer A.O. Tyler, en route downriver to New Orleans, was fired on by militia sent to protect Vicksburg. The Tyler, which was later used as a U.S. timberclad gunboat, was searched and released. The firing on . . . — Map (db m103747) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Fort Nogales
On bluffs above. Built by Spain in 1790's on land granted by Choctaws. At evacuation in March 1798, name became Ft. McHenry, honoring U.S. Sec. of War. Abandoned about 1800. — Map (db m103757) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Fort Nogales 1791
Fort Nogales, which was the first settlement at Vicksburg, was established by the Spaniards on this spot in 1791. In 1798, it passed from the possession of Spain to the United States and was re-named Fort McHenry. It was used as a Confederate fort . . . — Map (db m103759) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Frank Crump, Jr.
Navy veteran and Alcorn College graduate Frank Crump, Jr. taught at Rosa A. Temple High School (1960-1970) and was Vo-Tech Dean at Utica Junior College. During Freedom Summer in 1964, he registered African American voters and was a Mississippi . . . — Map (db m103768) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Glass Mounds — Mississippi Mound Trail
The Glass site originally consisted of four pyramidal mound surrounding an open plaza, with a possible fifth mound located to the north. Of these, Mound A alone remains undamaged. It stands 30 feet high and has a ramp extending south toward the . . . — Map (db m103780) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 5 — Governor "Turkey Runner" — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Governor McNutt In 1838, Alexander McNutt was elected the twelfth governor of Mississippi, serving until 1842. After two terms as governor, he moved back to Vicksburg to continue his law practice. Governor McNutt House . . . — Map (db m115480) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 13 — Growing and Changing — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
A Different Point of View Vicksburg was pretty bare in the early days. The original townspeople cleared the land and used the trees to construct buildings and open space for farming. When Vicksburg was under siege by the Union Army, the . . . — Map (db m115508) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 7 — Happy Home — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Anchuca (An-choo-ka) Built in 1830 and surviving the Civil War, Anchuca was named with a Choctaw Indian word meaning "happy home". In 1868 the house was occupied by Joseph Davis oldest brother to Jefferson Davis), a very successful . . . — Map (db m115483) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 14 — Hard Times Square — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
If Vicksburgers found themselves in hard times, they probably ended up here. The jail, court house, funeral home and tombstone maker were all located at this intersection. Photo captions Top left: Warren County Court House, late . . . — Map (db m115510) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 12 — If Walls Could Talk — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Warren County Court House The Reverend Newit Vick, Vicksburg's founder, originally planned to build his home on this site; however, after he and his wife both fell victim to yellow fever in August of 1819, this site was set aside to . . . — Map (db m115506) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Illinois 40th Infantry. — Maj. Hiram W. Hall. — 2D Brig., 1st Div., 16th Corps.
Served with brigade on exterior, line from about June 12, 1863. to end of siege. — Map (db m115889) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — John D. Cobb House
A Greek Revival Building ca 1830 Oldest Structure in Southern Heritage Complex Presented By Mississippi State Society National Society Colonial Dames Seventeenth Century — Map (db m109512) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — John Gregg
Brig. General C.S. Army Commanding Brigade Walker's Division Johnston's Army — Map (db m110461) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Joseph Biedenharn and the First Bottling of Coca-Cola
On a summer day in 1894, Joseph Biedenharn, a candy merchant and soda fountain operator, had an idea that would reshape the soft drink industry. He took the popular fountain beverage, Coca-Cola, put it in bottles, and delivered it to rural areas . . . — Map (db m103993) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 10 — Judge Lake — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Lakemont Lakemont was built in 1835 by Judge William Lake who served in the United States Congress (1855-1856) and in the Mississippi House of Representatives (1859-1861). In 1861, while campaigning for the Confederate Congress, Judge Lake . . . — Map (db m115493) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Koestler Bakery's Christmas Tree Lane
In May 1908, Leo C. Koestler opened Koestler's Bakery on Washington at Belmont Street. The first ovens were coal fired and "Mello-Toast Bread" was delivered to households by a horse-drawn dray. In about 1918, Leo became the first in the state to . . . — Map (db m104079) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — LeTourneau
In 1942. R.G. LeTourneau, the man largely responsible for the invention and development of earth-moving machines in wide use today, built his fourth manufacturing plant in Vicksburg. He brought with him a small group of talented men including Clyde . . . — Map (db m104077) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Louisiana Civil War Monument
{East side} To the Louisianians who died in defense of Vicksburg 1862 - 1863 {South side} In life the shock of battle: In death's sleep: Peace and endless fame. {North . . . — Map (db m109894) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Lum Home — (Grant Headquarters)
Site of Lum Mansion, Hq. of Gen. U.S. Grant, family & staff, after siege of Vicksburg, 1863. The 26 room house, built about 1820, was later destroyed by order of Capt. Cyrus B. Comstock to build fortification. — Map (db m97076) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Magnolia High School
Replacing an earlier school on Cherry Street, Magnolia High School was built here in 1923. J.G.H. Bowman was the schools principal from 1906 to 1944 and helped develop a strong college preparatory curriculum. In 1940, the school was . . . — Map (db m115320) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 11 — Main and Cherry — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
This was a busy and lively area during early Vicksburg. Everything you wanted or needed was nearby. Court Square, churches, retail stores, and the Mississippi River were just a few blocks away. Early Transportation River and rail . . . — Map (db m115505) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 98 — Marcus Bottom
Front The historic African American community of Marcus Bottom was an important center of early blues, jazz, and gospel music activity. Pianist Eurreal “Little Brother” Montgomery, one of the premier blues artists of the . . . — Map (db m103895) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Martha Vick House
This Greek Revival house was built in 1830 by Martha Vick, daughter of Vicksburg founder Newit Vick. Newit and his wife Elizabeth died of yellow fever in 1819, leaving Martha to help raise her eight siblings. Martha Vick died in 1851, after which . . . — Map (db m109281) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Matthew D. Ector
Brig. General C.S. Army Commanding Brigade Walker's Division Johnston's Army _______ Adjt. 3rd Texas Cav. Aug. 12, 1861 Birg Gen. C.S. Army Aug. 23, 1862Map (db m110460) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 1 — Men of Kindness — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Jewish Community In 1841 Vicksburg became home to the first established Jewish congregation in Mississippi, Anshe Chesed, meaning "men of kindness" in Hebrew. Many of the early Jewish immigrants came from what is now part of . . . — Map (db m115441) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 27 — Mercantile Explosion — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
After the Civil War with slavery abolished, the giant plantations were struggling to find labor. To help with the lack of labor, sharecropping became a common practice. Many of the former slaves became sharecroppers on the plantations . . . — Map (db m115425) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Miss Mississippi
The Miss Mississippi Scholarship Pageant was started in 1934 with the annual event held in different cities until 1958. In that year, Vicksburg hosted its first pageant under the leadership of Mayor Johnny Holland and the Vicksburg Jaycees, and it . . . — Map (db m104078) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 25 — Missing Angels — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
City Hall In 1903 Vicksburg was the largest city in Mississippi. James Riley Gordon, a famous architect, designed the booming town a new "City Hall" that was built for $50,000. Gordon also designed the Arizona State Capitol, at least 20 . . . — Map (db m115423) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Mississippi — The Magnolia State
Explored, 1540~1, by De Soto. Colonized first by French, 1699. Became a colony of British, 1763; Spanish, 1779. Territory organized by U.S., 1798. Became 20th. state, 1817. — Map (db m59607) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Mississippi Dental Association
On April 21, 1875, the Mississippi Dental Association was organized in Vicksburg at the office of Dr. J.B. Askew and Dr. J.D. Miles on Washington Street. Dr. J.D. Miles became its first president. — Map (db m75627) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Old Natchez District
Ceded by Choctaws & Chickasaws in Fort Adams Treaty, 1801, confirming earlier British treaty. Contained most of present Warren, Jefferson, Claiborne, Adams, Franklin, Wilkinson & Amite counties. — Map (db m72185) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Pemberton Headquarters — (Willis-Cowan House)
Built ca. 1835. Military headquarters of Lt. Gen. John C. Pemberton, who commanded the Confederate forces during the siege of Vicksburg. Here on July 3, 1863, the decision was made to surrender the city. — Map (db m81879) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Planters' Hall
Built 1834. Housed Vicksburg branch, Planters’ Bank of Mississippi until 1842. Occupied by officers of 28th Louisiana Reg. during Vicksburg siege. Acquired by Vicksburg Council of Garden Clubs, Inc., 1956. — Map (db m98350) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Prehistoric Settlement in Warren County
The Vicksburg-Warren County area has a long prehistoric heritage. There is evidence of prehistoric Native Americans in this area as early as 2000 B. C. These early cultures were from the Poverty Point Period and were followed by the Baytown Period . . . — Map (db m104039) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 34 — President Dwight Eisenhower — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
The Columns-Beaulieu (1899) Built in 1899 by Samuel and Helen Ragan, this home was quite a "Show Piece". The Ragan's owned S.C. Ragan and Company, a large wholesale grocery and produce company. Millionaires Row After the Civil . . . — Map (db m115546) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — President McKinley Visits the "Land of Cotton"
When William McKinley, the 25th president of the United States (1897-1901), visited Vicksburg on May 1, 1901, cotton was “king” in Vicksburg and Warren County, as is evidenced by this arch of cotton bales (each weighing about 450 pounds) . . . — Map (db m104143) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Prince Hall Masonry Founded in Mississippi
This monument marks the site where Prince Hall Masonry in Mississippi was founded by Thomas W. Stringer in 1867 Erected September 22, 1985 by M.W. Stringer Grand Lodge, F.& A.M. Prince Hall Affiliation Edgar Bridges, Sr. Grand . . . — Map (db m104427) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 29 — Railroads and Rivers — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Railroad Depot Built in 1907, the Illinois Central, Yazoo, and Mississippi Valley Railroad Depot was the busiest rail station in the state. Construction cost was $60,715 and 22 passenger and freight trains came and went every day. These . . . — Map (db m115435) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 2 — Remarkable Orator — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Seargent Smith Prentiss (1808-1850) Built before 1837 this was once the office of Seargent Smith Prentiss, a famous lawyer and politician. Prentiss was well known and loved as a remarkable orator. Daniel Webster, one of the foremost . . . — Map (db m115444) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Rosa A. Temple High School
In 1959, Rosa A. Temple High School, named in honor of a beloved long-time school teacher, was built for African Americans and the old school, J. G. H. Bowman High, formerly known as Magnolia Avenue (1924) was closed. Mr. O. W. Sanders served as . . . — Map (db m104081) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 23 — Rose Garden — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
In 1887 the State of Louisiana placed the first Confederate monument, here, in the middle of Monroe Street. The monument preceded the establishment of the National Military Park by 12 years. Later the City of Vicksburg dedicated this garden area to . . . — Map (db m115420) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 17 — Saved by the Jail... — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Magruder-Morrissey House Since Union prisoners were housed next door at the Warren County Jail, the house suffered only minor damage from Union bombing during the siege. Tom Morrissey, a creative entrepreneur, purchased this home in 1907. . . . — Map (db m115533) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 35 — Signal Corps — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
On the Edge Just outside Vicksburg's city limits, Judge Warren Cowan built a mansion near the Vicksburg-Meridian Railroad in 1860. Following the Civil War the home was used by the Union Army as a Signal Corps Station. Fisher Funeral Home . . . — Map (db m115549) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Sisters of Mercy
The Sisters of Mercy have contributed to the health, education, and spiritual well-being of the residents of Vicksburg since the arrival of six nuns in 1860. The Cobb House (c. 1830) became their first home and a school for 70 students. During . . . — Map (db m103995) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 20 — Sisters of Mercy — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Love and Compassion In 1878 the Sisters of Mercy took over the local hospital during a yellow fever epidemic. The hospital was named "Mercy Hospital" and the Catholic nuns served for over 100 years. Cedar Hill . . . — Map (db m109519) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 26 — Sky Parlor Hill — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
This area was originally Sky Parlor Hill. During the Civil War, locals entrapped by the Siege (1863), would gather here to watch the battles between Confederate and Union forces. This is depicted in the painting "From Sky Parlor Hill" along with the . . . — Map (db m115422) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 24 — Small Beginnings — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Davis-Mitchell House (1872) Dr. Charles Mitchell built the house in 1872 for his wife Lucy Bradford who was Jefferson Davis's niece. In 1884 this small house became the first office for the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers in Vicksburg. . . . — Map (db m115421) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Soldiers Rest C.S.A. Cemetery
Begun May 15, 1866 by Ladies Confederate Cemetery Assn. of Vicksburg. Remains of over 1600 soldiers who died in Vicksburg campaign & siege were re-interred here. — Map (db m50918) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — South Central Bell — 1881 - 1981
The first telephone exchange in Mississippi was installed in Vicksburg, January 10, 1881, at 102 ½ North Washington Street, by the Louisiana Telephone Company, a predecessor of South Central Bell. — Map (db m51183) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 32 — Speed Town — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
In 1881 Frederick Speed and Thomas Foster purchased the 210-acre Lonewood Plantation in this area. They divided the land into lots that sold for about $600 each. Both partners wanted to name the newly formed town after the other. The final decision . . . — Map (db m115540) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Stephen G· Hicks
Col · 40th · Illinois · Infantry Commanding 2nd · Brigade 1st Division 16th Corps — Map (db m115892) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 6 — Strong in Faith — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Bethel AME Church The Bethel African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church was founded in 1864 when purchased from the First Presbyterian congregation. The original building, built in 1828, was replaced by the current Romanesque Revival . . . — Map (db m115481) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Teddy Roosevelt Bear Hunt
On November 12, 1902, the Washington Post reported that President Theodore Roosevelt was headed to Smedes, Mississippi, 25 miles north of Vicksburg, for a 4-day bear hunt. The article said the president "did not anticipate the pleasure of killing a . . . — Map (db m105436) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Temple Anshe Chesed Cemetery
This site is the second Jewish cemetery in Vicksburg. The exact location of the first cemetery has not been determined. The first burial here was that of Meyer Meyer on May 16, 1865. Four rabbis who served this congregation have their final resting . . . — Map (db m50910) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Vicksburg & Queen of the West
On February 2, 1863, the U.S.S. Queen of the West, a converted ram, attacked the C.S.S. Vicksburg, then lying at the city's landing. Almost completely destroyed in the action, the Vicksburg's engines were removed and sent to . . . — Map (db m103748) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 19 — The Anti-Dueling Society — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
The Luckett Compound The larger original house was constructed in 1830 and Dr. Thomas Jefferson Harper added the others buildings in 1840. The main building had the parlor and dining areas on the second floor and a ground level basement . . . — Map (db m115412) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 140 — The Blue Room
Front One of the most storied night spots in the South, the Blue Room, which stood across the street at 602 Clay Street, was operated for more than thirty years by flamboyant owner Tom Wince. Ray Charles, Fats Domino, B. B. King, Dinah . . . — Map (db m103897) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 18 — The Daily Citizen — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Indoor Plumbing Steele Cottage was constructed on this hillside with an indoor cistern in 1829. The brick cistern (still in place today) stored rain that fell on the roof that was used to supply running water for the house. During the . . . — Map (db m115534) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Making of a City
The City of Vicksburg was founded in 1819 by Newit Vick, a Methodist minister. He died of yellow fever before the town could be laid out, however, leaving that task to his son-in-law, John Lane. Incorporated in 1825 with a population of 180, the . . . — Map (db m104040) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Nation's Most Destructive Flood
Torrential rains in the fall of 1926 and spring of 1927 set the stage for one of our Nation's worst natural disasters. Levees held back the water until breaks occurred at Mound Landing, MS and Pendleton, AR on April 21, 1927. Bt the time the . . . — Map (db m104138) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 33 — The Red Tops
Front Between 1953 and 1974 the Vicksburg-based Red Tops entertained legions of dancers with their distinctive mix of blues, jazz, and pop. Under the strict direction of drummer and manager Walter Osborne, the group developed a devoted . . . — Map (db m103896) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Selection of a President
On a February day in 1861 as Jefferson and Varina Davis were pruning roses on the lawn at Brierfield, their home south of Vicksburg, a messenger arrived informing Davis that he had been elected president of the Confederate States of America. Mrs. . . . — Map (db m104037) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Sinking of Cairo
On December 12, 1862, on the Yazoo River, a Confederate torpedo tore open Cairo's bow. The Union gunboat sank in 12 minutes. Cairo became the first armored warship sunk by an electrically detonated mine. The torpedo which sank Cairo . . . — Map (db m89283) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Steamer Sprague
The largest and most powerful sternwheel towboat ever launched (318 feet long, 61 feet wide), the steamer Sprague, was constructed in 1901 by the Dubuque Boat and Boiler Works in Iowa for the Monongehela River Consolidated Coal and Coke . . . — Map (db m104134) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Steamer Sultana
On April 24, 1865, the Sultana left Vicksburg with over 2,300 Union soldiers aboard, many of whom were former prisoners of war. Some 200 civilians were also on board, despite a legal limit of 376 people. Due to a faulty boiler, the . . . — Map (db m103749) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Sultana's Last Voyage
The Sultana, a side-wheel steamboat built in Cincinnati in 1863, was 260' long and was designed to carry only 376 people along with its cargo. On April 24, 1865, the Sultana docked in Vicksburg to pick up Union soldiers recently released from . . . — Map (db m103996) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — The Vicksburg Garden Clubs and Planters Hall
Vicksburg's first Garden Club was founded by Hester Craig Flowers in 1931 to "further the interest in home flower gardens and general beautification of the city." By 1943, membership had grown to a point that the members were divided into twelve . . . — Map (db m104125) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Tobias Gibson
Homesite of "Father of Methodism" in Mississippi. Sent, 1799 to Mississippi Territory as missionary, he founded many of its early churches. He is buried on Crawford Street Church lawn. — Map (db m89738) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. 4th Battery, Ohio Light Artillery;
1st Div.; 15th Corps; Army of The Tennessee. Capt. Louis Hoffman; Lieut. George Froehlich. The first section of the battery, under Lieut. George Froehlich, served two 12-pounder howitzers in this position from May 19 to the evening . . . — Map (db m115445) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S. Marine Hospital
Established, 1853, for care of ill or disabled merchant seamen. Three-story brick building on this site was used as hospital until 1873 and demolished in 1892. — Map (db m69771) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — U.S.S. Cairo — Engine and Boilers, 1862 — National Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark
The Cairo is the sole survivor of the fleet of river gunboats built by the Union during the Civil War with the object of controlling the lower Mississippi River. Designed by Samuel Pook and built by James B. Eads, the 175-foot ironclad . . . — Map (db m35953) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg
Founded 1820 and named for the Rev. Newitt Vick. Was originally site of Spanish Ft. Nogales. Later was U.S. Ft. McHenry. On July 4, 1863 the city surrendered to Gen. Grant. — Map (db m51186) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 16 — Vicksburg and the Vick Family — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Martha Vick House Built in 1830 for the founder of Vicksburg's daughter, Martha Vick. This is the only home left in Vicksburg from the original Newit Vick Family. Martha, a spinster, did not need a large home. Her home was said to be a . . . — Map (db m115532) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg Garden Club
In 1931 Hester Flowers started the Vicksburg Garden Club in this three-story Tudor house. Built in 1906 by her father William Clark Craig., the house was designed by New York architect W.W. Knowles. In 1928, Craig deeded the house to his daughter. . . . — Map (db m115317) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg Siege
Beginning on May 16, 1863, Gen. U.S. Grant held city under siege, cutting off all supplies & driving citizens to caves to escape shells. C.S.A. Gen. John C. Pemberton finally surrendered July 4. — Map (db m39572) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg Waterfront Circa 1907
The river determined the location of Vicksburg to be on the hills above the Mississippi, safe from floods. The river was the highway of Mid-America, the lifeblood of the town and a haven for flatboats, barges, snag boats, dredges, steamboats and . . . — Map (db m103987) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 4 — Vicksburg's First Bank — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Planters Bank of Mississippi Built in 1834 Planters Hall housed Vicksburg's first bank. During early banking in Mississippi, state law required the bank president and his family to live on the second story of the bank. When the bank . . . — Map (db m115477) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg's Original Floodwall
Vicksburg's first floodwall, built to keep annual spring flood waters from disrupting commercial activity along Levee Street, was completed in 1924. It was financed on a shared basis agreement between the City of Vicksburg, the Yazoo and Mississippi . . . — Map (db m104062) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Vicksburg-Warren-County Memorial.
Let us hold in honored memory those who died for their country in the World War 1917-1918 — Map (db m109893) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Warren County War Memorial
{Front-South} Lest We Forget Here are recorded the names of Mississippians from Warren County who gave their lives in order that we, trusting in God, shall not fear the power of adversaries. Grant unto them, O . . . — Map (db m109891) WM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — Washington Street — Vickburg's Commercial Center
Washington Street became the commercial center of Vicksburg in 1839 when a fire destroyed the downtown area on Main Street. This scene, c.1912 shows the 1400 block looking north toward the Yazoo Canal. In the early 20th century, Vicksburg was the . . . — Map (db m103988) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 14 — Willie Dixon
(front) Willie Dixon, often called “the poet laureate of the blues,” was born in Vicksburg on July 1, 1915. As a songwriter, producer, arranger, and bass player, Dixon shaped the sound of Chicago blues in the 1950s and '60s with . . . — Map (db m69778) HM
Mississippi (Warren County), Vicksburg — 3 — Women of Influence — Vicksburg Heritage Walking Trail
Fannie Vick Willis Johnson Fannie Johnson spent her life helping others and avoiding publicity. She funded two YMCAs during the days of racial segregation. The "Blacks Only" YMCA was located here with the "Whites Only" YMCA three blocks . . . — Map (db m115473) HM

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