“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Winchester, Virginia Historical Markers

The Marker and the Stone Step image, Touch for more information
By Craig Swain, August 25, 2007
The Marker and the Stone Step
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — 1790 Stone Church
These native limestone steps are in their original position and mark the main entrance to a 40' x 60' stone church built on this site in 1790. The entrance was in the center of its east wall with the pulpit area against the west wall. This church . . . — Map (db m2634) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A "Malicious Design"Burning the Winchester Medical College
This is the former location of the Winchester Medical College. In the spring of 1862, Union soldiers from Gen. Nathaniel P. Banks's command allegedly entered the building and discovered a partially dissected African American boy. They also found . . . — Map (db m126603) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-2 — Action of Rutherford’s Farm
Near here, the Confederate General Stephen D. Ramseur was attacked by General William W. Averell and pushed back toward Winchester, July 20, 1864. — Map (db m12091) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-9 — Battle of Kernstown
On the hill to the west, Stonewall Jackson late in the afternoon of March 23, 1862 attacked the Union force under Shields holding Winchester. After a fierce action, Jackson, who was greatly outnumbered, withdrew southward, leaving his dead on the . . . — Map (db m3150) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Battle of KernstownMarch 23, 1862
General James Shields with 7,000 Federals defeated Stonewall Jackson with 3,500 Confederates. Jackson's object was to create a diversion which would prevent troops being sent to McClellan for the attack on Richmond. He arrived south of Kernstown in . . . — Map (db m33024) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Battle of Rutherford's FarmUnion Victory
Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early attacked the defenses of Washington, D.C., in July 1864, then retreated to the Shenandoah Valley. Union Gen. Horatio G. Wright pursued him, and after a sharp fight and Confederate victory at Cool Spring on July 18, . . . — Map (db m13988) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-3 — Capture of Star Fort
The fort on the hilltop to the southwest, known as Star Fort, was taken by Colonel Schoonmaker of Sheridan’s Army in the Battle of September 19, 1864. — Map (db m2275) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Civil War Earthworks"Where they are compelled by nature ... to resort to it"
During the Civil War, armies of both sides built earthwork fortifications of varying sizes and shapes. The star fort was one of the most difficult types to construct. Although the design afforded the defenders the potential to fire into an attacking . . . — Map (db m100976) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Z-122 — Clark County / Frederick County
West Facing Side: Clark County. Area 171 Square Miles. — Formed in 1836 from Frederick and added to from Warren. Named for George Rogers Clark, conqueror of the Northwest. Lord Fairfax and General Danial Morgan, Revolutionary . . . — Map (db m1784) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — B-16 — Colonel John Singleton Mosby
This road, along which many of his skirmishes took place, is named for Colonel John Singleton Mosby, commander of the 43rd Battalion of the Confederate Partisan Rangers. Their activities in this area helped keep the Confederate cause alive in . . . — Map (db m2668) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Constructing Star Fort"It was hard work"
Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy and his division entered Winchester on January 1, 1863. The abolitionist general, who vowed to enforce the Emancipation Proclamation aggressively, soon set to work strengthening the town's defenses. His soldiers rotated . . . — Map (db m100975) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — J-16 — Defenses of Winchester
The fort on the hilltop to the north is one of a chain of defenses commanding the crossings of the Opequon. It was constructed by Milroy in 1863. — Map (db m80324) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Fight for the High Ground
The Shenandoah Valley's strategic location and rich farmland caused it to be the scene of two major Civil War campaigns that comprised hundreds of battles and skirmishes. Many Valley farms, like Rose Hill, became battlefields or campgrounds . . . — Map (db m3498) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — First Battle of Kernstown
Was fought here Sunday, March 23, 1862 Confederates under Gen. T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson attacked Federals under Gen. James Shields. The fighting was chiefly west of the road and continued from early afternoon until nightfall. When . . . — Map (db m2635) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-11 — First Battle of Winchester
Here Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson and his army, early on the morning of 25 May 1862, defeated Union Maj. Gen. Nathaniel P. Bank’s forces during Jackson’s Shenandoah Valley campaign. Banks, outnumbered and . . . — Map (db m2596) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-4 — Fort Collier
Just to the east, a redoubt known as Fort Collier was built by Joseph E. Johnston in 1861. Early’s left rested here during the Third Battle of Winchester, September 19, 1864. — Map (db m2481) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Fort Collier“I never saw such a sight”
Confederate troops constructed Fort Collier in 1861 after the evacuation of Harpers Ferry. The earthworks, which surrounded the Benjamin Stine house here, commanded the approach to Winchester on the Martinsburg and Winchester Turnpike. The fort saw . . . — Map (db m2492) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4a — General Daniel Morgan / Winchester
(North Side): Morgan used this road in traveling from his home, “Saratoga,” to Winchester. He was a frontiersman, Indian fighter and the commander of Morgan’s famous riflemen in the Revolution. He won glory at Quebec and Saratoga, . . . — Map (db m2290) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4c — George Washington in Winchester
In Mar. 1748, George Washington first visited Winchester, then known as Fredericktown, as a surveyor for Lord Fairfax. Washington purchased property in Winchester in 1753 and was an unsuccessful candidate for a House of Burgesses seat here in 1755. . . . — Map (db m2663) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-38 — Hackwood Park
One mile east is the site of Hackwood Estate House, built in 1777 by General John Smith. Documents reveal that the Hackwood House caught fire during the Third Battle of Winchester. Union troops used the buildings on the site for a hospital, . . . — Map (db m12090) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — How To See the Battlefield
On March 23, 1862, the opening conflict of the famous Valley Campaign began on the adjoining Glass and Pritchard farms. You are visiting the Glass Farm called Rose Hill. The neighboring Pritchard Farm is 1½ miles to the southeast (right) of . . . — Map (db m3496) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — In Memory of the Many Soldiers of the Revolution
In Memory of the many soldiers of the Revolution interred at Opequon Church of whom only seven are known Major John Gilkeson Captain William Chipley Captain Samuel Gilkeson Captain James Simrall Captain Samuel Vance Captain William Vance Private . . . — Map (db m2633) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — John Rutherford's FarmInterrupted by War
John H. Rutherford was born about 1820. He acquired approximately 275 acres here between 1843 and 1848 from the heirs of John Carter. About May 24, 1849, Rutherford married Camilla C. Baker. At first, the couple lived with Mrs. Susan Pitman Carter, . . . — Map (db m14028) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4-b — Jost Hite and Winchester
German emigrant Jost Hite and about 16 other German and Scots-Irish families from Pennsylvania came to this region in 1732, creating one of the early permanent European settlements. They settled along the Opequon Creek watershed south-west of the . . . — Map (db m2267) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Kernstown Battles
Around this site and a mile to the west occurred two major battles of the Civil War. First Kernstown March 23, 1862 Stonewall Jackson attacked what appeared to be a withdrawing federal force led by federal Br. Gen. Shields. Desperate fighting . . . — Map (db m2632) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q 4d — Lord Fairfax
Thomas Fairfax (1693-1781), sixth Baron Fairfax of Cameron, was the proprietor of the Northern Neck Proprietary, a vast landholding that lay between the Rappahannock and the Potomac Rivers, and extended to the Blue Ridge. Born in England, he came to . . . — Map (db m2299) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Lt. Collier’s Earthworks
From the time of Virginia’s secession from the Union on May 23, 1861, until just before the Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861, the Confederate government in Richmond recognized the importance of defending the Lower Shenandoah Valley. When . . . — Map (db m2494) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Northern Victory, Southern Defeat
As Southern units retreated and resistance fell apart, Northern victory was assured. Jackson found himself surrounded by a disorderly retreat of his soldiers. In the growing dark, a few fresh Southern units made gallant attempts to cover the . . . — Map (db m3507) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — 169 — Opequon Presbyterian ChurchAmerican Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
Early Years This historic church was established by Scotch-Irish and German settlers who migrated from eastern Pennsylvania in the early 1730’s. William Hoge donated two acres of land for a meeting house, and an additional two acres for a . . . — Map (db m122175) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Rose Hill“I do not recollect having ever heard such a roar of musketry.” — 1862 Valley Campaign
The First Battle of Kernstown, on March 23, 1862, was also the first major Civil War battle fought in the Shenandoah Valley. Throughout the morning, 16 Union cannons on Pritchard’s Hill held off Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s . . . — Map (db m2646) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Rutherford's FarmIn the Path of Battle
In addition to the action of July 20, 1864, known as the Battle of Rutherford’s Farm, two other significant events occurred on or near John Rutherford’s property here. The first took place on June 14-15, 1863, during the Gettysburg Campaign, as . . . — Map (db m14026) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — A-8 — Second Battle of Winchester
On June 14, 1863, Jubal A. Early moved west from this point to attack Federal fortifications west of Winchester. — Map (db m2597) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Second Battle of WinchesterLouisiana Tigers Capture West Fort — Gettysburg Campaign
In June 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee marched his infantry from Culpeper County to the Shenandoah Valley to launch his second invasion of the North. First, however, he had to capture Winchester, the largest town on his line of communication, . . . — Map (db m2645) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — B-19 — Second Battle of Winchester
Here Jubal A. Early, detached to attack the rear of Milroy, holding Winchester, crossed this road and moved eastward in the afternoon of June 15, 1863. — Map (db m2666) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Second Battle of Winchester"The guns in Star Fort greeted them" — Gettysburg Campaign
(preface) After Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's stunning victory at Chancellorsville in May 1863, he led the Army of Northern Virginia west to the Shenandoah Valley, then north through central Maryland and across the Mason-Dixon Line into . . . — Map (db m100973) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Second Battle of Winchester"A scene ... I shall never forget" — Gettysburg Campaign
While Union artillery from Star Fort dueled with Confederate gunners in West Fort on June 14, 1863, Winchester's civilians fretted for their safety. Some wondered if Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy would destroy Winchester by either burning or . . . — Map (db m100978) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Star FortGuardian of Winchester
Three times during the Civil War, Star Fort played a major role in the defense of Winchester. Union Gen. Robert H. Milroy’s troops began constructing the fort in January 1863 on the site of artillery emplacements Confederate Gen. Thomas J. . . . — Map (db m117368) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Advance of Tyler’s Brigade
Northern Colonel Nathan Kimball saw the position of his troops on nearby Pritchard's Hill (1.5 miles left and in front of you) becoming indefensible. Southern artillery recently placed on the higher elevation of Sandy Ridge (just in front of you) . . . — Map (db m3501) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Defense of the Stone Wall
Southern General Thomas Jackson was already going by the nickname "Stonewall" when he directed his troops to this location to support the Southern artillery on Sandy Ridge. Ironically, his troops' retreat from this stone wall led to Jackson's only . . . — Map (db m3502) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Q-4 — The Great Indian (and Wagon) Road
The Great Indian Road, called Philadelphia Wagon Road by many settlers, was developed by Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) warriors traveling in the 1700s through the Great Valley of the Appalachians (which they called Jonontore) from Cohongaronto (north of . . . — Map (db m12089) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Order for Retreat
Northern commander Colonel Nathan Kimball 1.5 miles away (over the hill on your right) on Prichard's Hill faced the threat of defeat. He decided to seize the initiative and order a second assault against the Southern artillery atop Sandy Ridge. At . . . — Map (db m3504) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(Left Side): The Third Battle of Winchester - September 19, 1864 Bloodiest Battle of the Shenandoah Valley Gen. Jubal Early assuming that Gen. Phil Sheridan was yet another cautious Union commander, divided his roughly 14,000 troops on a . . . — Map (db m3090) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Confederate Horse Artillery
"A more murderous fire I never witnessed..."Col. Thomas Munford, C.S.A. In an effort to protect the Confederate left flank, Gen. Fitzhugh Lee placed a detachment of cavalry and six pieces of horse artillery, lighter cannons made . . . — Map (db m3091) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Attack of the Eighth Corps
"The order was to walk fast, keep silent, until within about one hundred yards of the guns, and then with a yell to charge at full speed." Col. Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S.A. At noon on September 19, Union General Sheridan's Sixth and . . . — Map (db m3092) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Fording Red Bud Run
"To stop was death. To go on was probably the same; but on we started again." Col. Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S.A. Red Bud Run is as wide and boggy today as it was in 1864. During their attack, the men of the Eighth Corps sank into the . . . — Map (db m3159) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Hackwood House
Prominent Virginian John Smith was charged with guarding prisoners of war held in Winchester during the Revolutionary War. He purportedly had this stately home (in front of you) built by Hessian and British prisoners around 1777. During the . . . — Map (db m3164) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Confederate Defense
In the mid-morning of September 19, Confederate Gen. John B. Gordon's infantry, veteran troops from Georgia, Louisiana, and Virginia, took position to your right on the other side of Hackwood Lane. At 11:40 a.m., at the sound of artillery fire, . . . — Map (db m3174) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Second Woods
You are standing at the site of what is known as the Second Woods. The fighting in and around the Second Woods was so rapid and chaotic that many participants disagreed on the details and order of the events. But this is much clear: at 11:40 a.m., . . . — Map (db m3175) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Confederates Reform
"Unless this force were driven back, the day was lost." General Jubal A. Early, C.S.A. Standing here about noon during the battle, you would have seen Union troops under Gen. Henry Birge pursuing Gen. Clement Evans' Georgians from right . . . — Map (db m3187) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The West Woods
You are standing near the center of General Early's infantry line at what has come to be called the West Woods. Although these particular trees were not here during the Battle of Third Winchester, some are in the same location as those that stood on . . . — Map (db m3188) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Middle Field - Bloodiest Encounter in the Shenandoah Valley
You are standing in the Middle Field - perhaps the bloodiest place in the Shenandoah Valley. After hours of preparation, Sheridan's Army of the Shenandoah was ready to advance against the Confederate position east of Winchester at 11:40 a.m. . . . — Map (db m3189) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The First Woods - A Perfect Slaughterhouse
As Confederates drove Union Gen. Grover's 2nd Division back across the fields in front of you, the 1st Division of the Nineteenth Army Corps was moving up to the edge of the First Woods behind you, (the tree line was then some 400 yards further . . . — Map (db m3192) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(Left Side): The Third Battle of Winchester - September 19, 1864 Bloodiest Battle of the Shenandoah Valley Gen. Jubal Early assuming that Gen. Phil Sheridan was yet another cautious Union commander, divided his roughly 14,000 troops on a . . . — Map (db m3194) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Camp Averell
In the months after the Third Battle of Winchester, this area became home to Camp Averell, named after Union cavalry gen. William Woods Averell. Elements of six cavalry and "mounted infantry" regiments from New York, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia . . . — Map (db m3196) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester The Union Rear
The First Woods saw little combat, but areas near the front lines were bustling with activity. Here, men of Grover's, Dwight's, and Thoburn's Union divisions formed for their attacks across the Middle Field. Union Generals rallied the broken . . . — Map (db m3198) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Union Victories in the Valley
After the successful attack of the Union Eighth Corps, it was only a matter of time before the Confederates lost the battle. As Confederate Gen. Early consolidated his lines closer and closer to Winchester, his men faced coordinated infantry . . . — Map (db m3199) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester Thoburn's Attack
As the Nineteenth Corps tried to reorganize its lines, Union Col. Joseph Thoburn's division of the Eighth Army Corps came up from reserve and took position at the edge of the First Woods behind you. Union Gen. Philip Sheridan soon arrived and . . . — Map (db m6314) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — The Third Battle of WinchesterHackwood Lane
You are standing on Hackwood Lane. Running east to west, it was part of a network of country lanes connecting the Berryville Pike and the Valley Pike in the mid-19th century. The trees on either side were not present during the battle. — Map (db m62779) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — J-3 — Third Battle of Winchester
Here Confederate forces under General Jubal A. Early, facing east, received the attack of Sheridan’s army at noon on September 19, 1864. Early repulsed the attack and countercharged, breaking the Union line. Only prompt action by General Emory Upton . . . — Map (db m2268) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — J-13 — Third Battle of Winchester
On a hill, approximately one-half mile to the west, Philip H. Sheridan established his final position on September 19, 1864. General Jubal A. Early held the ground one-half mile further to the west. At 4 P.M., Sheridan advanced with massed cavalry . . . — Map (db m2271) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Third Battle of WinchesterA Gathering of Future Leaders — 1864 Valley Campaign
The Third Battle of Winchester, fought here on September 19, 1864, was a proving ground for several men on both sides who shaped post-war America. They included two future presidents, two senators, a state governor, and several military leaders. . . . — Map (db m3086) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — Third Battle of Winchester"The enemy within the fort ... hastily evacuated" — 1864 Valley Campaign
(preface) The fertile Shenandoah Valley was the "Breadbasket of the Confederacy" as well as an avenue of invasion. Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early's march north and his raid on Washington, D.C., in June-July 1864 alerted Union Gen. Ulysses . . . — Map (db m117369) HM
Virginia (Frederick County), Winchester — War in the Backyard
At the beginning of the Civil War, the third generation of the Scots-Irish Glass family lived at Rose Hill. The household consisted of Thomas Glass (age 67), and his wife Margaret (age 51), his son William (age 25) and fifteen slaves, most of them . . . — Map (db m3495) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 114th New York Volunteer InfantrySept. 3. 1862 - June 8. 1865. — 1st Brigade - First Division - 19th Army Corps
(Back):Erected by the State of New York In honor of her sons of the 114th Regiment New York Volunteer Infantry,A tribute to their devotion to duty, their unfaltering courage and glorious sacrifices. Tested on many fields, their valor was most . . . — Map (db m26027) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 123rd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry
In Memory of 123rd Regt. O.V.I. 6th Corps 24th Corps 1862 - 1899 — Map (db m26567) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 12th Connecticut Volunteer Regiment
(Front):Connecticut's tribute to her fallen heroes erected Oct. 19, 1896. (Right Side):12th Regiment C.V. organized Sept. 16. 1861. Mustered out Aug. 12. 1865. (Left Side):Engagements Georgia Landing, La. Oct. 27. 1862. Capture . . . — Map (db m26516) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 13th Connecticut Volunteer Regiment
(Front):13th. Regt. Conn. Vols. (Back):Georgia Landing La. Oct. 27, 1862. Irish Bend La. Apr. 14, 1863. Vermillion Bayou La. Apr. 17, 1863. Siege of Port Hudson May 24, to July 9, 1863. Cane River La. Apr. 22, 1864. Mansura La. May 16, . . . — Map (db m26519) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 14th New Hampshire Regiment
(Front): New Hampshire erects this monument to the memory of her brave sons of her 14th Regiment who fell in battle Sept. 19, 1864 upon this field and are here buried in one common grave. Capts. W.H. Chaffin. W.A. Fosgate. Lieuts. H.S. Paul. . . . — Map (db m81313) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 18th Connecticut Volunteer Regiment
. . . — Map (db m81314) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 1st Battle of Winchester
May 25, 1862 General Stonewall Jackson with 16,000 Confederates defeated General N.P. Banks and 6,000 Federals. On May 24, at Middletown, 12 miles South, Jackson attacked Banks’ army withdrawing toward Winchester, cutting off the rear guard and . . . — Map (db m2594) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 2nd Battle of Winchester
June 13–15, 1863 General Richard S. Ewell with 14,000 Confederates defeated General Robert H. Milroy with 6,900 Federals. Prior to his second invasion of the North, Lee sent Ewell to Winchester to clear the Valley of Federals. Dividing his . . . — Map (db m2518) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 3rd Battle of WinchesterSeptember 19, 1864
In the late summer of 1864 General Philip H. Sheridan with 41,000 Federals was ordered to take the vital Shenandoah Valley.Opposing this force was a Confederate army of 18,000 under General Jubal A. Early stationed north and east of Winchester. On . . . — Map (db m4789) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 3rd Massachusetts Cavalry
(Front):3rd Mass. Cavalry Sheridan's Valley Campaign 1864 Casualties Killed and Wounded 207 Erected Sept. 19, 1888 (Back):3rd Mass. Cavalry 19th Corps — Map (db m26381) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 6th Army Corps
(Inscription on Front):Brig. Gen. David A. Russell U.S. Vols. 1st Div. 6th Army Corps Major 8th U.S. Infty. Bvt. Maj. Genl. U.S.A. Born, Salem, N.Y. Dec. 10, 1820 Killed in Action Opequon, Va. Sept. 19, 1864. (Back):Erected By The . . . — Map (db m26565) HM
Virginia, Winchester — A View of Winchester in 1745 - The Four Public Lots
Winchester, originally known as Frederick Town, was officially founded in 1744 by Col. James Wood. It was the first British town established west of the Blue Ridge mountains and in believed to have looked something like this. These four public lots . . . — Map (db m26873) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Abram’s Delight“Best wishes to all at your house”
The oldest dwelling in Winchester, Abram’s Delight experienced the passage of both Union and Confederate armies during the war. Although the property stood in the path of the First Battle of Winchester on May 25, 1862, it survived and now . . . — Map (db m2606) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Abram’s Delight
Abram’s Delight is the oldest home in Winchester. 582 acres of land was granted to Abraham Hollingsworth in 1734. The first log house on the site was replaced by the present stone structure built in 1754 by Isaac Hollingsworth, a Quaker, son of . . . — Map (db m2616) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Admiral Richard Evelyn Byrd1888 - 1957
The Winchester native attended the Virginia Military Institute, The University of Virginia, and graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, 1912. He was a pioneer aviator and Polar explorer. In 1926, he was the first to fly over the North Pole for . . . — Map (db m26876) HM
Virginia, Winchester — AlabamaRoster of Her Fallen Heroes
Sgt. Virgil May Jr. - Alfred C Bond D C Rankin - Wm D Galloway Theo J Lester - Sgt W H Thomas Capt Wm B Hunt - G W Hanna J Thomas - Wm Wyeth Cpl Robt W Yeldell - I Culver Henry S Smith - J Furguson J H Trawick - P S McLory F M Yancy - F Holtz Ben F . . . — Map (db m26843) HM
Virginia, Winchester — ArkansasDeo Vindice
In memory of Her sons of the 3rd Arkansas Infantry CSA Joseph R. Bartlett, Co. D Unknown William C. Arnold, Co. H Christopher Columbus McClure, Co. C …. Watson Mathhew Chavis, Co. A James W. More, Co. I John Young, Co. E . . . — Map (db m117484) WM
Virginia, Winchester — Braddock Cannon
(Left Side): This monument marks the trail taken by the army of General Braddock, which left Alexandria April 9, 1755 to defend the western frontier against the French and Indians. Erected by the Society of Colonial Dames of America in the . . . — Map (db m2649) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Braddock Street Methodist Church
"To Serve the Present Age" - Charles Wesley From Court House to Church Thirty-two charter members met July 24, 1858, in the Frederick County Court House and were organized as a congregation of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South, . . . — Map (db m7342) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Catherine B. Conrad
1836–1902. This house was built for Kate Conrad in 1889. Member of a prominent Winchester family, she devoted her life to educational and religious activities. She was an administrator for the Slater Trust of Boston, which sought to . . . — Map (db m5599) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Colonel James Wood
Colonel James Wood, the founder of Winchester, was a native of the ancient city of the same name in England. He laid out and founded the new town prior to 1740. It received a charter of incorporation from the colonial legislature in February 1752. . . . — Map (db m26892) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Daniel Morgan House1786
In 1802 General Morgan died in this home built by George F. Norton in 1786. The house has been carefully nurtured over the centuries by the Boyd, Sherrard, Massie, Smith, Gaunt and Schember families. — Map (db m2650) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Dr. Taylor F. FinleyDentist, Teacher, Recreation Center Operation
Birth: June 5, 1901 Death: February 5, 1957 Dr. Finley, whose dental office was located at 232 East Piccadilly Street from 1936 until the 1950s, was the black community's only practicing dentist beginning in 1928. He also taught science and . . . — Map (db m96111) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Eighth Vermont Volunteers
Honor the Brave Erected to commemorate the Bayonet Charge of the Eighth Vermont Vol's. led by Genl. Stephen Thomas Sept. 19, 1864. Committed to the care of those once a brave foe. Now our generous friends gift of Comrade Herbert E. Hill Boston . . . — Map (db m26564) HM
Virginia, Winchester — A-5 — First Battle of Winchester
On May 24, 1862, Confederate forces under Major General Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson pursued Major General Nathaniel Banks’ Union Army from Strasburg to Winchester. Banks made a stand south of Winchester, posting one of two infantry . . . — Map (db m2570) HM
Virginia, Winchester — First Battle of Winchester
May 25, 1862 between Confederates under Brig. Gen. T.J. “Stonewall” Jackson and the Federals under Maj. Gen. N.P. Banks began just south of this site. The Federals were driven in retreat through Winchester’s streets with loss of stores . . . — Map (db m2591) HM
Virginia, Winchester — A-7 — First Battle of Winchester
Here Stonewall Jackson, in the early morning of May 25, 1862, halted his advance guard and observed the union position. — Map (db m7341) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Florida1861 - 1865
(Left Side):Their names shall never forgotten be while honor calls the roll (Right Side):Florida's daughters to her brave sons. — Map (db m26848) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Fort Collier
1861-1864 General Joseph E. Johnston commanded all Confederate forces in Virginia from 1861 until late in May of 1862. His initial post had been at Harpers Ferry, thought to be the key to the defense of the Shenandoah Valley. Johnston, however, . . . — Map (db m2508) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4-k — Fort Loudoun
Here in May 1756, overlooking the frontier town of Winchester, construction began on Fort Loudoun during the period of the French and Indian War (Seven Year’s War in Europe). The fort, named for John Campbell, earl of Loudoun, was a square . . . — Map (db m2653) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Fort Loudoun
In 1756, during the French and Indian War, Col. George Washington proposed, designed, and supervised construction of the largest and most formidable fort on Virginia’s colonial frontier. Equipped with 24 pieces of artillery, the fort served as Col. . . . — Map (db m2654) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Frederick County CourthouseWitness to War
During the Civil War, the Union and Confederate armies each used the Frederick County Courthouse as a hospital and a prison. Cornelia McDonald, a local citizen, nursed the wounded here after the First Battle of Kernstown on March 23, 1862. She . . . — Map (db m2659) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Gen. Russell Hastings
23rd Ohio Inf Wounded 19 Sept. 1864 — Map (db m6316) HM
Virginia, Winchester — George Washington
In March of 1748, George Washington, at age sixteen, arrived in Winchester, then called Frederick Town. During the next four years, he worked as a surveyor throughout the colonial Virginia frontier. — Map (db m2647) HM
Virginia, Winchester — George Washington Lot
Site of lot 77 purchased by George Washington May 15, 1753. Sold by his executors on June 17, 1805 to Dr. Robert MacKey, surgeon in the American Revolution. A blacksmith shop located here made iron work for Fort Loudoun. The lot was 119 ft. on . . . — Map (db m2662) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4-h — George Washington’s Out-Lot
Here was located George Washington’s five-acre out-lot from Thomas Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, by grant of 15 May 1753. Fairfax also granted him a companion in-lot 77 at North Braddock Street and Fairfax Lane. The out-lot was number 16 of 80 in . . . — Map (db m2661) HM
Virginia, Winchester — George Washington's Political Career Began on this Site
On July 24, 1758, at the first Frederick County Court House on this site, Colonel George Washington, age 26, was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. This was the first elective office of the young commander of Virginia's forces here to guard . . . — Map (db m26889) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Georgia
(Front):Erected A.D. 1894 by the people of Georgia to 290 of her sons who lie in this cemetery. (Right Side): "The brave die never being deathless. They but change their country's arms for more - their country's heart." . . . — Map (db m26685) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Glen Burnie"Winchester is a very pleasant place to stay in, sir."
This historic Shenandoah Valley home, known as Glen Burnie, is the homestead of Col. James Wood, who founded Winchester on a portion of his land in 1744. Wood’s son, Robert, began the present house in 1794, but the estate was home to the Wood-Glass . . . — Map (db m2665) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Glen Burnie
This Property Has Been Placed on the National Register Of Historic Places By the United States Department of Interior — Map (db m89941) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Handley Library
. . . — Map (db m117440) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4f — Jackson’s Headquarters
This house was used by Maj. Gen. Thomas J. Jackson, then commanding the Valley District, Department of Northern Virginia, as his official headquarters from November 1861, to March, 1862, when he left Winchester to begin his famous Valley Campaign. — Map (db m2519) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Jackson’s HeadquartersI am quite comfortable
Confederate Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson, commanding the Shenandoah Valley military district, lived in this house from mid-November 1861 through early March 1862. Here he planned a winter campaign against Union forces at Romney and . . . — Map (db m2540) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Jacob Baker Lot And Virginia City Addition“We make it our business to procure suitable boarding houses”
Between 1900 and 1930, the population of Winchester more than doubled as the result of the town’s industrial growth. The Virginia Woolen Company and Lewis Jones Knitting Mill made it their practice to ensure board for their employees near the mills. . . . — Map (db m96108) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Jacob H. Yost Building
Erected in 1872 by Col. F.W.M. Holliday (Governor of Virginia, 1878–1882) on land originally owned by Lord Fairfax, this building often referred to as “Lawyer's Row,” was completely renovated and restored in 1974 by the Farmers and . . . — Map (db m90155) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4b — Joist Hite and Braddock / Winchester
(West Facing Side): Joist Hite and Braddock By this road, then an Indian trail, Joist Hite and his followers came to make the first permanent settlement in this section, 1732. In 1755, General Edward Braddock of the British army, . . . — Map (db m34091) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Little-Holiday House137 West Boscawen Street
This beautiful stone home was built in 1800 by James Little (1769-1834), a local merchant, and remained in this family until 1853. It was purchased in 1860 by Robert Holiday (1809-1893), a leader in the Lutheran Church. His sister, Helen Holliday . . . — Map (db m91883) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Lord Fairfax
At sometime prior to the incorporation of Winchester, Thomas Lord Fairfax, Baron of Cameron, and at one time a Justice of the County of Frederick, dedicated to the public uses of the square which is bounded by Court House Avenue and the streets . . . — Map (db m26894) HM
Virginia, Winchester — LouisianaC.S.A.
(Front):To the Soldiers of Louisiana who died for the South in the Valley Campaign. This monument has been erected in memory of their noble, daring and heroic endurance in their country's cause. (Left Side):Sleep in peace with kindred . . . — Map (db m26847) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Loyal Quaker and Brave SlaveRebecca Wright and Thomas Laws
In September 1864, U.S. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan heard rumors that Confederate forces had left the Shenandoah Valley to rejoin Gen. Robert E. Lee’s army at Petersburg. Wanting to confirm this information before attacking Gen. Jubal A. Early’s army, . . . — Map (db m46960) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Lutheran Pioneers
To the Glory of God and in Memory of Lutheran Pioneers. Erected by members and friends of Grace Evangelical Lutheran Church Winchester, Va. 1938. These walls are the sacred ruins of the first Lutheran Church erected in Winchester - "Die teutsche . . . — Map (db m26857) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Major General Daniel Morgan
Fought everywhere, was beaten nowhere. Major General Daniel Morgan Response Letter to Congress, c. 1798 The Epitaph on Daniel Morgan's original grave marker at this site: Major General Daniel Morgan On July 6th, 1802 in the 67th year of . . . — Map (db m4740) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4-m — Mary Greenhow Lee(1819 - 1907)
On this site lived Mary Greenhow Lee, whose extensive diary survives as one of the most informative records of daily life in Civil War Virginia. Lee chronicled military engagements, home front hardships, and the erosion of slavery. An ardent . . . — Map (db m92373) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Maryland
(Front):To the memory of Her Sons who fell on Virginia's Soil (Left Side):Unheralded Unorganizaed Unarmed They came for conscience sake and died for right (Back):Alike in blood. Alike in faith. They sleep alike the last . . . — Map (db m26849) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Massachusetts
(Left Side Plaque):To the valor of the sons of Massachusetts who gave their lives for the Union in the Shenandoah Valley 1861-1865 (Right Side Plaque):2d Mass. Vol. Infantry 26th Mass. Vol. Infantry 30th Mass. Vol. Infantry 34th Mass. . . . — Map (db m26078) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Memorial to the Unknown and Unrecorded Dead
(Front):To the Unknown and Unrecorded Dead.(Left Side):Erected. A.D. 1879. By the people of the South. To the 829 unknown Confederate dead who lie beneath this mound. In grateful remembrance of their heroic virtues. And that their . . . — Map (db m26852) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Mississippi
In a tangle of willows without light The singular screech-owl's tight Invisible lyric seeds the mind With the furious murmur of their chivalry Ode to the Confederate Dead By Allen Tate Jos. Richards - Sergt. J.F. Forbes - C. Griffin . . . — Map (db m81315) HM
Virginia, Winchester — North Carolina Confederate Dead
N.C. Confederate Dead — Map (db m26840) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 132 — Old Stone Presbyterian ChurchErected 1788 — American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site
Branch of Opequon Church (organized 1736) Congregation organized, 1800, with 40 members; Rev. William Hill, D.D., Minister; Elders: Col. Henry Beatty, John Bell, James Holliday, Joseph Gamble, Robert Gray. Synod of Virginia met here, 1790. . . . — Map (db m122173) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Original Land Grant
Original land grant patent dated 1753 from the right honorable Thomas Lord Fairfax for two lots (#82 & #83) on which was built the old log church. Now the site is the Evangelical and Reformed portion of Mt. Hebron Cemetery, property of Centenary . . . — Map (db m26854) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4i — Patsy Cline: Country Music Singer
Patsy Cline (Virginia Patterson Hensley), world-famous singer, lived in this house. She was born in Winchester Memorial Hospital on 8 Sept. 1932. On 21 Jan. 1957 she won Arthur Godfrey’s Talent Scouts national television show’s competition singing . . . — Map (db m2248) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Pennsylvania
Mourns her known and unknown dead, peacefully sleeping here, who gave up their lives that the nation they loved so dearly should not "perish from off the earth." — Map (db m26566) HM
Virginia, Winchester — President William McKinleyMason
President William McKinley was made a mason in a building on this location May 1st, 2nd, 3rd 1865. — Map (db m92381) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Q 4-g — Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd25 October 1888 - 11 March 1957
Here was born and reared Richard Evelyn Byrd, aviator and polar explorer. A 1912 U.S. Navy Academy graduate, he received the Medal of Honor for the first flight over the North Pole in 1926, and made the first commercial nonstop transatlantic flight . . . — Map (db m2664) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Revolutionary War Soldiers in Mt. Hebron Cemetery
Lutheran Mt. Hebron German Reformed Cemeteries The following soldiers who served in the Revolutionary War are buried within this enclosure: Major-General Daniel Morgan Major-General John Smith Brigadier-General James Singleton Brigadier-General . . . — Map (db m26856) HM
Virginia, Winchester — 4 — Rouss City Hall Historical Tour>>> Civil War Cannon, Stage Entrance, Arch & Cornerstone
Fairfax Square — Council designated the grounds of Rouss City Hall as “Fairfax Square” in 1899 to recognize the importance of Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron who owned the land upon which Winchester was founded. . . . — Map (db m90152) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Second Battle of Winchester
June 13-15, 1863 took place during Gen. Lee’s advance to Gettysburg between Confederates under Gen. Ewell and Federals under Gen. Milroy. The Federals occupied positions on the hills north and west of Winchester now called Milroys and Star Forts . . . — Map (db m2658) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Shawnee Springs Hospital
Clearing and Evacuation Facility Valley Campaigns Federal medical authorities established the largest temporary hospital of the Civil War in the aftermath of the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, 1864. Union Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's . . . — Map (db m3200) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Sheridan’s Headquarters
1861 hdqts. for Gen. R. H. Milroy. 1862 hdqts. for Gen. N.P. Banks who took the town for the first time. Was again used by Gen. Milroy in 1863. In the fall of 1864–1865 Gen. Sheridan used it as hdqts. Sheridan left here to rally his troops at . . . — Map (db m2652) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Site of Fort Loudoun
Built by George Washington in 1756 Home and Seminary of Katherine Glass Greene Organizing regent of Fort Loudoun Chapter NSDAR - 1921 Presented by the chapter on its 75th Anniversary 1996 — Map (db m89907) HM
Virginia, Winchester — South Carolina
. . . — Map (db m26842) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Taylor Hotel“Packed with Confederate wounded”
The Taylor Hotel was a major stopping point for travelers because of its location on the Valley Turnpike and also was the center of town life. During the war, it was the headquarters for several commanders, including Confederate Gen. Thomas J. . . . — Map (db m92380) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Tennessee
(No Inscription)Map (db m26851) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Texas
No InscriptionMap (db m26850) HM
Virginia, Winchester — TexasDieu Vous Gardé
In Honor And Memory Of The Men From Texas Who Gave The Greatest Sacrifice 1st Texas Infantry Sgt. Joseph C. Hollingsworth, Co H Died Of Wounds, 18 Oct 1862 Pvt. M. Harvey Newman, Co M Died Of Disease, 14 Oct . . . — Map (db m117490) WM
Virginia, Winchester — The Cavalry Charge at Fort Collier
September 19, 1864 The shocking impact of the great charge and capture of Fort Collier unhinged Early’s entire line of battle. Confederate troops streamed south through the streets of Winchester, Confederate artillery continued firing from Star . . . — Map (db m2509) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Early Education Of Black Students In Winchester
In 1875, when obvious that the city's black children were going to need a school, black Baptists who owned the Old Stone Church gave the city school board a 99-year lease on its building for $1. In return, the school board was charged with making . . . — Map (db m96110) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The First Battle of KernstownThe Beginning of “Stonewall” Jackson’s Valley Campaign
The First Battle of Kernstown, fought by 10,000 Americans on March 23, 1862, was the first battle waged in the Shenandoah Valley. Throughout the morning, sixteen Union cannon crowned the knolls of Pritchard’s Hill (the high ground immediately north . . . — Map (db m2169) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The First Battle of KernstownFulkerson’s Virginians Attack!
The low, marshy ground stretching from here to the distant road lay uncontested through the five-hour artillery duel that opened the First Battle of Kernstown. The scene changed dramatically at 2:00 P.M. when 900 Virginians marched toward this . . . — Map (db m2195) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The First Battle of KernstownAn Unheralded Commander’s Unique Victory
At 9:00 A.M. on March 23, 1862, Confederate artillery unlimbered near the Valley Turnpike and fired on this height, called Pritchard’s Hill, to begin the First Battle of Kernstown. Union artillery rolled onto these knolls and responded by . . . — Map (db m2197) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Godfrey Miller Home
Built in 1785 by Daniel Sowers on a lot granted by Lord Fairfax dated 1753. The Sowers’ owned many horses, possibly for a livery business. In 1801, the house conveyed to Adam Douglas, an Irish export merchant and author of The Irish Immigrant. Dr. . . . — Map (db m60607) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Hollingsworth Family Settlement
Shenandoah University's History and Tourism Center sits on land once owned by the Hollingsworth family. The Hollingsworth home, "Abram's Delight," is now a nearby museum. One of the first settlers to come to the Shenandoah Valley, Abraham . . . — Map (db m19508) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Pritchard HouseA Family Caught in the Midst of War!
The large brick dwelling before you is the Pritchard House, built by Steven C. Pritchard, Jr. and his son Samuel R. Pritchard. During the Civil War, Samuel, his wife Helen, and their two small children occupied the house. Fighting swirled around the . . . — Map (db m2295) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Second Battle of KernstownMulligan’s Final Stand
Late in the afternoon on July 24, 1864, 1,800 Union soldiers led by Colonel James A. Mulligan fell back to this lane. Major General John B. Gordon’s Confederate force attacked from the ground beyond Opequon Church. Mulligan held off Gordon briefly, . . . — Map (db m2190) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Second Battle of KernstownTwo Future U.S. Presidents Fought at Kernstown
Colonel James A. Mulligan’s Union command of 1,800 men encamped on these heights on the night of July 23-24, 1864. When Confederate cavalry drove Union cavalry back toward Kernstown on the morning of the 24th, Mulligan deployed two cannon on this . . . — Map (db m2199) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Third Battle of Winchester
(The Battle of the Opequon) September 19, 1864 The decisive assault in the campaign set in motion by General Grant to free the Shenandoah Valley from the control of the Confederacy took place here. This high ground was part of Winchester’s . . . — Map (db m2660) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Virginia Woolen Company and Lewis Jones Knitting MillTextiles, Transportation, and Technology
Born near Burnt Factory in Frederick Co., Virginia in 1867, Ed Johnston was determined to escape the life of a farm laborer. He learned the mechanic's trade at the Middletown Carriage Factory, and by age 25 worked in the B&O Railroad shops in . . . — Map (db m96109) HM
Virginia, Winchester — The Women of Winchester
In Honor Of The Women of Winchester The Ladies Confederate Memorial Association Organized in 1865 And Turner Ashby Chapter #184 United Daughters of the Confederacy For Five Generations They Have Cherished the Memory of The . . . — Map (db m117486) HM WM
Virginia, Winchester — Third Battle of Winchester
September 19, 1864 Lieutenant General Jubal Early’s Shenandoah Valley Campaign began in June of 1864. Until the Third Battle of Winchester on September 19, he more than fulfilled General Lee’s hopes that the great success of 1862 could be . . . — Map (db m2511) HM
Virginia, Winchester — J-4 — Third Battle of Winchester
Near here Early, facing east, took his last position on September 19, 1864. About sundown he was attacked and driven from it, retreating south. Presidents Rutherford B. Hayes and William McKinley served in this engagement on the Union side. — Map (db m2656) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Third Battle of Winchester“Whirling through Winchester:” The Confederate Retreat — 1864 Valley Campaign
About 5 P.M. on September 19, 1864, the final, chaotic stages of the Third Battle of Winchester engulfed this area. After a day of combat east and north of the city, Confederate Gen. Jubal Early’s outnumbered men were flanked, broken, and forced to . . . — Map (db m96107) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Thirty-Eighth Massachusetts Volunteers
(Front):Thirty-Eighth Massachusetts Volunteers our comrades fell in the campaigns of 1864. These lie buried in the valley in unknown graves. Erected Sept. 19th, 1884 Grover's Division - Third Brigade (North side): First Sergeant, . . . — Map (db m81312) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Thirty-Fourth Massachusetts Infantry
. . . — Map (db m26183) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron
Under this spot repose the remains of Thomas, Sixth Lord Fairfax of Cameron Son of Thomas, Fifth Lord Fairfax and Cathrine Culpeper, his wife. Born at Leeds Castle, County Kent, England, October 22, 1693, Died at his proprietary . . . — Map (db m91900) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Virginia
(Left Side):In memory of the 398 Virginia soldiers. Lying in this cemetery. Who fell in defence of constitutional liberty and the sovereignty of their state. From 1861 to 1865. A.D. (Back):Dulce et decorum est pro patria mori. . . . — Map (db m26643) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Washington’s Office
While constructing Fort Loudoun, George Washington used the center room of this building as an office from the fall of 1755 until he moved into the fort in December 1756. He was a Colonel in the Virginia Militia and responsible for protecting . . . — Map (db m2648) HM
Virginia, Winchester — Washington's Well
This well was dug with manpower and black powder under the supervision of George Washington inside the walls of Fort Loudoun, which was established in 1756. Dedicated October 2007 by Fort Loudoun Chapter, NSDAR — Map (db m73544) HM
Virginia, Winchester — WinchesterThe Valley Campaigns — 1862 & 1864 Valley Campaigns
Winchester’s location at the north end of the Shenandoah Valley made it a place of strategic importance during the Civil War. From here, roads led north and east threatening Washington, D.C., and the Valley Turnpike led south and west endangering . . . — Map (db m2657) HM

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