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Calhoun County Alabama Historical Markers

 
Crook Cemetery Marker image, Touch for more information
By Tim & Renda Carr, October 2, 2010
Crook Cemetery Marker
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — Crook Cemetery
James Crook established this cemetery in 1837 on land he purchased from Creek Indians. In 1834, he and his family moved to this area from South Carolina. In Nov. 1837, Samuel M. Crook, grandson of James Crook, was the first person buried here. . . . — Map (db m36552) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — Lincoyerand The Battle of Tallasehatchee
At this site, on Nov. 3, 1813, after the Battle of Tallasehatchee, known then as Talluschatches, during the Creek Indian War, Gen. Andrew Jackson found a dead Creek Indian woman embracing her living infant son. Gen. Jackson, upon hearing that . . . — Map (db m36551) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — TallasseehatcheeCreek Indian War 1813-14 — Nov. 3, 1813
Gen. John Coffee, commanding 900 Tennessee Volunteers, surrounded Indians nearby; killed some 200 warriors. This was first American victory. It avenged earlier massacre of 517 at Ft. Mims by Indians. — Map (db m27610) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Alexandria — The Tallasahatchie Battle Field
This Stone Marks The Site Of The Tallasahatchie Battle Field. On this spot Lieut. Gen. John Coffee with Gen. Andrew Jackson’s men won a victory over the Creek Indians, Nov. 3, 1813. Erected by the Frederick Wm. Gray Chapt. Daughters of . . . — Map (db m36554) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 7 — Anniston Memorial HospitalMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
When seven injured "Freedom Riders" arrived at the Hospital on this date, the mob that had attacked them earlier in the day followed. The Riders were testing desegregation of public transportation in the South by riding buses. The bus they . . . — Map (db m106647) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 6 — Anniston Public Library DesegregationSeptember 15-16, 1963 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
Desegregation of the Library began when two African American pastors, Reverends William B. McClain and Nimrod Q. Reynolds, peacefully attempted to enter the building on September 15, 1963. Their actions were endorsed by the city of Anniston . . . — Map (db m106644) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Anniston World War
Erected by the Anniston Post American Legion to the Calhoun County Men who served in the World War — Map (db m53334) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Calhoun County World War I Memorial 1917 - 1919
South side This tablet is erected in honor of the Soldiers and Sailors from Calhoun County Alabama who served in the Great World War 1917 - 1919 North side Calhoun . . . — Map (db m106706) WM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Freedom Riders
On May 14, 1961, a Greyhound bus left Atlanta, GA carrying among its passengers seven members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), a.k.a. the “Freedom Riders,” on a journey to test interstate bus segregation. The bus was met by an . . . — Map (db m35737) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — George W. Ingram1918-1941 — U.S. Navy
Seaman Second Class, United States Navy, George Washington Ingram was killed in action in the defense of Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. For Seaman Ingram's bravery, an American destroyer was built and named in his honor. The U.S.S. George . . . — Map (db m106617) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Governor Thomas E. Kilby1865-1943
Outstanding local industrialist as President, Kilby Steel Company; Chairman, Board of Directors, Alabama Pipe Company; President, City National and Anniston National Banks. Served as Mayor of Anniston (1905-09); State Senator (1911-15); Lieutenant . . . — Map (db m35758) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Grace Episcopal Church
Called “A poem in cedar & stone,” its history is intimately related to that of Anniston: Town Founders, Daniel Tyler & Samuel Noble, inspired its conception, funded its construction & caused Woodstock Iron Co. to donate the land on which . . . — Map (db m35759) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 3 — Greyhound Bus Station Protest, May 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
Front This was the site of the Greyhound bus terminal where on May 14, 1961, a bus carrying black and white Civil Rights Activists known as "Freedom Riders" was attacked by a mob of whites who were protesting desegregation of public . . . — Map (db m106621) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Major John PelhamWas born here → — September 7, 1838
Commanded Horse Artillery of Army of Northern Virginia, C.S.A. Killed at Kelly’s Ford, Va. March 17, 1863 Styled “The Gallant Pelham” By Robert E. Lee — Map (db m36546) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Parker Memorial Baptist Church
On July 3, 1887, a congregation of 45 people met at the Opera House on Noble Street to organize a new church. Originally called Second Baptist Church, the name soon was changed to Twelfth Street Baptist Church. In 1889, it became Parker . . . — Map (db m36545) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Saint Michael and All Angels← 12 Blocks West
Built by John Ward Noble, one of Anniston’s founders. Consecrated on September 29, 1890. Widely acclaimed for unique and beautiful Norman Gothic architecture. The church dominated by imposing 95 foot bell tower. Open Daily — Map (db m36540) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 9 — Seventeenth Street Missionary Baptist Church, Organized 1887 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
Seventeenth Street Missionary Baptist Church served as the home of "mass meetings" for black Annistonians who planned and executed Anniston's part of the Civil Rights Movement. Reverends D.C. Washington (1937-1960) and Nimrod Q. Reynolds (1960-2008) . . . — Map (db m106651) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 1 — Southern Railway Station AttackJanuary 2, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
Local "Jim Crow" laws in the first half of the 20th century enforced racial segregation in public transportation facilities throughout the South. The U.S. Supreme Court decision in Boynton v. Virginia (1960) upheld that segregation in these . . . — Map (db m106602) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Temple Beth El
Temple Beth El is the oldest building continuously used for Jewish worship in Alabama. Anniston’s Reform Jewish congregation was established in 1888. Its women’s organization, the Ladies Hebrew Benevolent Society, directed the construction of the . . . — Map (db m36543) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Temple Beth El Section Hillside Cemetery
In April 1888, the founder of a newly established Reform Jewish congregation purchased twenty-three lots in Hillside Cemetery to bury their deceased members. In 1987, the City of Anniston vacated right-of-way that allowed the Temple to expand the . . . — Map (db m53163) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — The Birthplace of the “Gallant Pelham”
Major John Pelham C.S.A. Born September 14, 1838 at the home of his Grand Parents William McGehee and Elizabeth Clay McGehee Erected by Forney District U.D.C. May 5, 1937 — Map (db m36547) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 5 — The Human Relations Council — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
The Anniston City Commission, on May 16, 1963, established by resolution the Human Relations Council, consisting of five white men and four black men. The Council's purpose was to "make recommendations concerning human relations," and its members . . . — Map (db m106627) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — The Legacy of the Military / Anniston's Military Heritage
The Legacy of the Military On the other side of Anniston, the Army constructed an Ordnance Depot on 15,000 acres west of the city during WWII. Over time, the depot evolved into the region's largest employer. The economic and community . . . — Map (db m106619) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 4 — The Murder of Willie Brewster, July 15, 1965 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
Willie Brewster became the target of white extremists after words spoke at a National States Rights Party encouraged them to commit acts of violence against blacks. As Brewster drove home with co-workers from the night shift at Union Foundry, he was . . . — Map (db m106626) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Trailways AttackSeeking Justice
1st Panel Two busloads of Freedom Riders arrived in Alabama on Sunday, May 14, 1961, bound for New Orleans. It was an organized effort by the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) to challenge the South's continued defiance of U. S. . . . — Map (db m106721) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 2 — Trailways Bus Station AttackMay 14, 1961 — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
Throughout the first half of the 20th century, race relations in the South were dominated by local "Jim Crow" laws. Although in 1960 the Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation violated the Interstate Commerce Act, local laws persisted. . . . — Map (db m106605) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — Tyrus Raymond Cobb
In 1904, 18 year old Tyrus Raymond Cobb lived in a boarding house on this site while playing minor league baseball for the Anniston Steelers. From nearby Scarbrough Drug Store on Noble Street he wrote letters, using fictitious names, to sports . . . — Map (db m106606) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Anniston — 8 — West 15th Street Historic District — Anniston Civil Rights Trail
This district was once the economic and social hub of Anniston's African American community. In its heyday (1940-1950), the District was a "city within a city," with businesses that catered to the black community. Grocery stores, restaurants, . . . — Map (db m106650) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Hobson City — Town of Hobson City, Alabama
Front Hobson City is Alabama's first incorporated black city. The area was first known as Mooree Quarter, a black settlement that was part of Oxford, Alabama. After a black man was elected Justice of the Peace in Oxford, one mayor . . . — Map (db m106598) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — "The Magnolias"Home of Clarence William Daugette — B. Sc., M. Sc., LL. D. 1873-1942
Dean of American College Presidents President of Jacksonville State Normal-State Teachers College 1899-1942 During an Educational Renascence in the South he was in the forefront of the Alabama Educational System President 1st National Bank . . . — Map (db m29922) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — 10th Alabama VolunteersArmy of Northern Virginia, C.S.A.
This regiment took part for four years in major battles of Virginia theater. It served with distinction for dash and courage, suffering heavy casualties. Officers at regiment’s organization June 4, 1861 at Montgomery, Alabama; Colonel John . . . — Map (db m36465) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Beauregard's Headquarters
This house, "Ten Oaks", was headquarters for Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard, Oct. 15-23, 1864, when he coordinated the movement of Gen. J.B. Hood's army, then marching across northeast Alabama enroute to Nashville. He and his retinue, including Gov. I.G. . . . — Map (db m29919) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Chief Ladiga Trail - Jacksonville
The Chief Ladiga Trail was named for a Creek Indian leader who signed the Cusseta Treaty in 1832. Under the terms of that agreement, the Creeks gave up claim to their remaining lands in northeast Alabama. Because he had signed the treaty, Ladiga was . . . — Map (db m36438) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Confederate Hospital
This Church was used for a Confederate Hospital During the War Between The States Erected by General John H. Forney Chapter U.D.C. Sept 27, 1937 — Map (db m36539) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Doctor Francis' Office
This general practitioner's office is the only remaining structure of its type in northeast Alabama. It was built on the court-house square about 1850 by Dr. J. C. Francis, a beloved family doctor who served Jacksonville for more than 50 years. He . . . — Map (db m23350) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Downtown Jacksonville Historic District
Selected as a landmark contributing to a deeper understanding of our American Heritage. Entered on The National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior May 13, 1986 Centered around Jacksonville’s . . . — Map (db m36479) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Forney’s Corner
Jacob Forney III lived and operated a thriving mercantile establishment at Jacksonville from 1835-56 on the south-east corner of the square. He and his wife Sabina Swope Hoke were the parents of nine children. 1. Daniel Peter - b. Feb. 24, 1819, . . . — Map (db m36450) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — General Leonidas Polk C.S.A.
Bishop of Louisiana Held service in this church 1864 Erected by General John H. Forney Chapter U.D.C. April 26, 1937 — Map (db m36535) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Intendants and Mayors of Jacksonville
From 1836 to 1881 the head of the City Government carried the title of Intendant. After that that the office has been filled by the Mayor. The following have served in this capacity: William Harrison Fleming, 1836-49, 1859-61 John D. Hoke, . . . — Map (db m36533) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — JacksonvilleCalhoun County, Alabama
Postoffice established July 20, 1833 as Drayton, Benton County, Alabama. Name changed to Jacksonville Aug. 6, 1834 and county changed to Calhoun Jan. 29, 1858. Office maintained by Confederate Government 1861-1865. Postmasters and dates of . . . — Map (db m36449) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — JacksonvilleFirst County Seat — Calhoun County, 1833-99
Town first called Drayton. Renamed in 1834 to honor President Andrew Jackson. Seat moved to Anniston in 1899. Calhoun Co. originally was Benton Co., for Col. T. H. Benton, Creek War officer, later U. S. Senator from Missouri. . . . — Map (db m36471) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Jacksonville State University
This Educational Center of Northeast Alabama Traces its Origin to Jacksonville Male Academy 1836 Jacksonville Female Academy 1837 Calhoun College 1871 Calhoun Grange College 1878 State Normal School 1883 State Teachers College 1929 . . . — Map (db m36426) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Jacksonville, Alabama“Gem of the Hills”
Life here has long centered on education beginning in 1834 when a one-acre plot of land was reserved for a schoolhouse. Through the years, various institutions of higher learning developed that culminated into present-day Jacksonville State . . . — Map (db m36429) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — John Horace Forney1829-1902 — Major General, C.S.A.
Graduate of West Point, resigned from U.S. Army to volunteer services to State of Alabama. Ably led Confederate forces at Manassas, Pensacola, Vicksburg, Mobile, Texas. — Map (db m36482) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — John Tyler Morgan1824-1907
Lawyer, Soldier, Senator ← Lived here in 1838 1862-63 Colonel of 51st Alabama Cavalry Raised by him in this county 1863-65 Brigadier General C.S.A. with Wheeler’s Cavalry 1876-1907 United States Senator Distinguished . . . — Map (db m36468) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Joseph William Burke1835-1900
Lawyer, Industrialist, Patriot Brigadier General, U.S.A. Gen. Burke helped rebuild Alabama’s mining & manufacturing interests after the Civil War. He helped establish the Catholic Church at Jacksonville. His home, . . . — Map (db m36424) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Maj. John Pelham1838-1863
"The Gallant Pelham" as called by Robert E. Lee Commanded Artillery, Army of Northern Virginia. Cited for conspicuous valor many times. Killed in action in Virginia. — Map (db m29920) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Pelham
Front: Maj. John Pelham born in Alexandria, Alabama killed at the battle of Kelly's Ford March 17, 1863 Front base: Pelham North side: Erected by the General John H. Forney Chapter U.D.C. Jacksonville, . . . — Map (db m23588) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Presidents of Jacksonville State
James G. Ryals, Jr. 1883-1885 J. Harris Chappell 1885-1886 Carleton B. Gibson 1886-1892 J. B. Jarrett 1892-1893 Jacob Forney, IV 1893-1899 Clarence William Daugette 1899-1942 Houston Cole 1942-1971 Ernest Stone 1971-1981 Theron E. . . . — Map (db m36427) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Site of Indian Trading Post
This is the place where one of the original Creek Indian Trading Posts stood in 1830. Ladiga was Chief of the tribe. — Map (db m36483) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — The DepotChief Ladiga Trail
The Depot was constructed in 1860 by the Selma, Rome and Dalton (GA) Railroad. It was used as a transfer and storage point for Confederate troops and materials during the War Between the States. — Map (db m36443) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — The First National Bank of Jacksonville
Since 1890 the financial interests of this area have been served by The First National Bank and its predecessor The Tredagar National Bank (an institution of the "Boom" days of Jacksonville) Organizers were Peyton Rowan, President, Jos. . . . — Map (db m29480) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — Thomas A. Walker1811-1888
Prominent citizen of Jacksonville who served Alabama as Brigadier General, State Militia; member Legislature and Pres. of Senate; Circuit Court Judge; and Pres. Ala. and Tenn. Railroad He owned extensive cotton plantations and mining interests . . . — Map (db m29921) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Jacksonville — William Henry Forney1823-1894
Brigadier General C.S.A. With Army of Virginia 1861-1865. Wounded in battle five times. He was one of four distinguished sons of Jacob Forney and Sabina Swope Hoke of Jacksonville who held commissions in the Confederate Army. . . . — Map (db m36480) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Ohatchee — Janney Furnace
The furnace was constructed by Montgomery businessman Alfred A. Janney, reportedly using slaves brought from Tennessee by a "Dr. Smith." The furnace was completed and ready to produce pig iron when, on July 14, 1864, a Union cavalry raiding force of . . . — Map (db m25544) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Creek Indian Campaign Memorial
A Memorial to Gen. Andrew Jackson, the Tennessee Patriots, the Alabama Patriots, and pioneers who by their courage and fortitude in 1813 - 1814, won five successful battles in the Creek Indian Campaign. Side . . . — Map (db m106593) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Historic Oxford
First incorporated as a town, February 7, 1852, in Benton County, Oxford's second incorporation was approved February 21, 1860 in Calhoun County. Long before this territory was “settled”, it was inhabited by Creek Indians. In the time . . . — Map (db m106589) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Oxford — Simmons Park
The town of Oxford was first incorporated by the Alabama legislature in 1852. The original boundaries included a one square mile area enlarged in 1860. Oxford became active as a cotton and trading center but during the Civil War growth slowed, and . . . — Map (db m106591) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — Cross Plains - Piedmont
Cross Plains citizens voted for incorporation March 10, 1871. A second vote was cast for reincorporation May 15, 1882. By the acts of the Alabama Legislature of 1888, Cross Plains became Piedmont September 30, 1888. Mayors for both Cross Plains and . . . — Map (db m27992) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — First Presbyterian Church
The First Presbyterian Church of Piedmont was organized March 18, 1890, with seventeen charter members, by Rev. B. F. Bedinger, Presbyterian evangelist. Rev. J. E. McLean was the first minister. First elders were C. W. McMahon and Stephen Ferguson; . . . — Map (db m27993) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — Piedmont First United Methodist Church
Beginning as a Methodist mission in the 1850's, the Piedmont First United Methodist Church was organized in 1867 as the Cross Plains Methodist Episcopal Church, South, by Wilson Johnson and a small band of local Methodists. In 1868 a small church . . . — Map (db m83261) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Piedmont — The Alabama Tennessee River Railroad
The Alabama Tennessee River Railroad was chartered by the Alabama legislature in the session of 1836-1837. Work was begun at Selma in 1851 and the rails reached Blue Mountain in 1861. Work was terminated during the War Between the States. In . . . — Map (db m27995) HM
Alabama (Calhoun County), Saks — 27th. Division Veterans Memorial
Dedicated Oct. 15, 1980 and given in memory of those members who gave their lives in World War I & II by the 27th. Division Association whose members trained on this ground 1940-1941 — Map (db m53009) HM

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